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Five-year performance trends for older exercisers: a hierarchical model of endurance, strength, and flexibility.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Morey, MC; Pieper, CF; Sullivan, RJ; Crowley, GM; Cowper, PA; Robbins, MS
Published in: J Am Geriatr Soc
October 1996

OBJECTIVE: To examine 5-year trends in measures of physical performance, and the impact of disease upon performance, in three domains: cardiovascular fitness, musculo-skeletal strength, and flexibility among older adults participating in a medically supervised exercise program. DESIGN: Longitudinal analyses of data obtained in an observational cohort study. SETTING: Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center in Durham, North Carolina. PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-three community-dwelling veterans between 64 and 90 years of age. INTERVENTION: Voluntary participation in a medically supervised outpatient exercise program meeting 3 days per week for 90 minutes per session. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Changes over time in cardiovascular fitness, musculoskeletal strength, and flexibility. RESULTS: Forty-nine percent of the original study participants remained in the program for a full 5 years. They had lower baseline rates of cardiorespiratory and musculoskeletal diseases than did the dropouts. Dropouts were significantly more impaired in baseline measures of cardiovascular fitness (P = .038) and strength (P = .007). Changes over time for cardiovascular fitness and strength were similar. Only linear (P < .05) and quadratic time (P < .001) were significant. Only linear time was significant for measures of flexibility (P < .05). Baseline cardiorespiratory disease, baseline musculoskeletal disease, and interaction terms were not significant. Overall, measures of physical performance demonstrated gradual improvement for 2 to 3 years, followed by a gradual decline in performance irrespective of baseline disease status. CONCLUSION: Older adults who exercise regularly, including those with multiple chronic diseases, can achieve significant gains in measures of physical performance, and these gains can be sustained for 2 to 3 years.

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Published In

J Am Geriatr Soc

DOI

ISSN

0002-8614

Publication Date

October 1996

Volume

44

Issue

10

Start / End Page

1226 / 1231

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Veterans
  • Time Factors
  • Physical Fitness
  • Musculoskeletal Diseases
  • Middle Aged
  • Male
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Humans
  • Geriatrics
  • Female
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
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Morey, M. C., Pieper, C. F., Sullivan, R. J., Crowley, G. M., Cowper, P. A., & Robbins, M. S. (1996). Five-year performance trends for older exercisers: a hierarchical model of endurance, strength, and flexibility. J Am Geriatr Soc, 44(10), 1226–1231. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-5415.1996.tb01374.x
Morey, M. C., C. F. Pieper, R. J. Sullivan, G. M. Crowley, P. A. Cowper, and M. S. Robbins. “Five-year performance trends for older exercisers: a hierarchical model of endurance, strength, and flexibility.J Am Geriatr Soc 44, no. 10 (October 1996): 1226–31. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-5415.1996.tb01374.x.
Morey MC, Pieper CF, Sullivan RJ, Crowley GM, Cowper PA, Robbins MS. Five-year performance trends for older exercisers: a hierarchical model of endurance, strength, and flexibility. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1996 Oct;44(10):1226–31.
Morey, M. C., et al. “Five-year performance trends for older exercisers: a hierarchical model of endurance, strength, and flexibility.J Am Geriatr Soc, vol. 44, no. 10, Oct. 1996, pp. 1226–31. Pubmed, doi:10.1111/j.1532-5415.1996.tb01374.x.
Morey MC, Pieper CF, Sullivan RJ, Crowley GM, Cowper PA, Robbins MS. Five-year performance trends for older exercisers: a hierarchical model of endurance, strength, and flexibility. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1996 Oct;44(10):1226–1231.
Journal cover image

Published In

J Am Geriatr Soc

DOI

ISSN

0002-8614

Publication Date

October 1996

Volume

44

Issue

10

Start / End Page

1226 / 1231

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Veterans
  • Time Factors
  • Physical Fitness
  • Musculoskeletal Diseases
  • Middle Aged
  • Male
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Humans
  • Geriatrics
  • Female