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Aerobic and resistance training effects on energy intake: the STRRIDE-AT/RT study.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Bales, CW; Hawk, VH; Granville, EO; Rose, SB; Shields, T; Bateman, L; Willis, L; Piner, LW; Slentz, CA; Houmard, JA; Gallup, D; Samsa, GP; Kraus, WE
Published in: Med Sci Sports Exerc
October 2012

PURPOSE: Our study characterizes food and energy intake responses to long-term aerobic training (AT) and resistance training (RT) during a controlled 8-month trial. METHODS: In the STRRIDE-AT/RT trial, overweight/obese sedentary dyslipidemic men and women were randomized to AT (n = 39), RT (n = 38), or a combined treatment (AT/RT, n = 40) without any advice to change their food intakes. Quantitative food intake assessments and food frequency questionnaires were collected at baseline (before training) and after 8 months of training (end of training); body mass (BM) and fat-free mass (FFM) were also assessed. RESULTS: In AT and AT/RT, respectively, meaningful decreases in reported energy intake (REI) (-217 and -202 kcal, P < 0.001) and in intakes of fat (-14.9 and -14.9 g, P < 0.001, P = 0.004), protein (-8.3 and -10.7 g, P = 0.002, P < 0.001), and carbohydrate (-28.1 and -14.7 g, P = 0.001, P = 0.030) were found by food frequency questionnaires. REI relative to FFM decreased (P < 0.001 and P = 0.002), as did intakes of fat (-0.2 and -0.3 g, P = 0.003 and P = 0.014) and protein (-0.1 and -0.2 g, P = 0.005 and P < 0.001) in AT and AT/RT and carbohydrate (-0.5 g, P < 0.003) in AT only. For RT, REI by quantitative daily dietary intake decreased (-3.0 kcal.kg(-1) FFM, P = 0.046), as did fat intake (-0.2 g, P = 0.033). BM decreased in AT (-1.3 kg, P = 0.006) and AT/RT (-1.5 kg, P = 0.001) but was unchanged (0.6 kg, P = 0.176) in RT. CONCLUSIONS: Previously sedentary subjects completing 8 months of AT or AT/RT reduced their intakes of calories and macronutrients and BM. In RT, fat intakes and REI (when expressed per FFM) decreased, BM was unchanged, and FFM increased.

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Published In

Med Sci Sports Exerc

DOI

EISSN

1530-0315

Publication Date

October 2012

Volume

44

Issue

10

Start / End Page

2033 / 2039

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Sport Sciences
  • Sedentary Behavior
  • Resistance Training
  • Overweight
  • Organ Size
  • Middle Aged
  • Male
  • Humans
  • Female
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
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Bales, C. W., Hawk, V. H., Granville, E. O., Rose, S. B., Shields, T., Bateman, L., … Kraus, W. E. (2012). Aerobic and resistance training effects on energy intake: the STRRIDE-AT/RT study. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 44(10), 2033–2039. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0b013e318259479a
Bales, Connie W., Victoria H. Hawk, Esther O. Granville, Sarah B. Rose, Tamlyn Shields, Lori Bateman, Leslie Willis, et al. “Aerobic and resistance training effects on energy intake: the STRRIDE-AT/RT study.Med Sci Sports Exerc 44, no. 10 (October 2012): 2033–39. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0b013e318259479a.
Bales CW, Hawk VH, Granville EO, Rose SB, Shields T, Bateman L, et al. Aerobic and resistance training effects on energy intake: the STRRIDE-AT/RT study. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2012 Oct;44(10):2033–9.
Bales, Connie W., et al. “Aerobic and resistance training effects on energy intake: the STRRIDE-AT/RT study.Med Sci Sports Exerc, vol. 44, no. 10, Oct. 2012, pp. 2033–39. Pubmed, doi:10.1249/MSS.0b013e318259479a.
Bales CW, Hawk VH, Granville EO, Rose SB, Shields T, Bateman L, Willis L, Piner LW, Slentz CA, Houmard JA, Gallup D, Samsa GP, Kraus WE. Aerobic and resistance training effects on energy intake: the STRRIDE-AT/RT study. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2012 Oct;44(10):2033–2039.

Published In

Med Sci Sports Exerc

DOI

EISSN

1530-0315

Publication Date

October 2012

Volume

44

Issue

10

Start / End Page

2033 / 2039

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Sport Sciences
  • Sedentary Behavior
  • Resistance Training
  • Overweight
  • Organ Size
  • Middle Aged
  • Male
  • Humans
  • Female