Skip to main content
construction release_alert
Scholars@Duke will be undergoing maintenance April 11-15. Some features may be unavailable during this time.
cancel
Journal cover image

A comparison of temperament in nonhuman apes and human infants.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Herrmann, E; Hare, B; Cissewski, J; Tomasello, M
Published in: Developmental science
November 2011

The adaptive behavior of primates, including humans, is often mediated by temperament. Human behavior likely differs from that of other primates in part due to temperament. In the current study we compared the reaction of bonobos, chimpanzees, orangutans, and 2.5-year-old human infants to novel objects and people - as a measure of their shyness-boldness, a key temperamental trait. Human children at the age of 2.5 years avoided novelty of all kinds far more than the other ape species. This response was most similar to that seen in bonobos and least like that of chimpanzees and orangutans. This comparison represents a first step in characterizing the temperamental profiles of species in the hominoid clade, and these findings are consistent with the hypothesis that human temperament has evolved since our lineage diverged from the other apes in ways that likely have broad effects on behavior. These findings also provide new insights into how species differences in ecology may shape differences in temperament.

Duke Scholars

Altmetric Attention Stats
Dimensions Citation Stats

Published In

Developmental science

DOI

EISSN

1467-7687

ISSN

1363-755X

Publication Date

November 2011

Volume

14

Issue

6

Start / End Page

1393 / 1405

Related Subject Headings

  • Temperament
  • Species Specificity
  • Shyness
  • Observation
  • Male
  • Latency Period, Psychological
  • Humans
  • Hominidae
  • Female
  • Developmental & Child Psychology
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
NLM
Herrmann, E., Hare, B., Cissewski, J., & Tomasello, M. (2011). A comparison of temperament in nonhuman apes and human infants. Developmental Science, 14(6), 1393–1405. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-7687.2011.01082.x
Herrmann, Esther, Brian Hare, Julia Cissewski, and Michael Tomasello. “A comparison of temperament in nonhuman apes and human infants.Developmental Science 14, no. 6 (November 2011): 1393–1405. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-7687.2011.01082.x.
Herrmann E, Hare B, Cissewski J, Tomasello M. A comparison of temperament in nonhuman apes and human infants. Developmental science. 2011 Nov;14(6):1393–405.
Herrmann, Esther, et al. “A comparison of temperament in nonhuman apes and human infants.Developmental Science, vol. 14, no. 6, Nov. 2011, pp. 1393–405. Epmc, doi:10.1111/j.1467-7687.2011.01082.x.
Herrmann E, Hare B, Cissewski J, Tomasello M. A comparison of temperament in nonhuman apes and human infants. Developmental science. 2011 Nov;14(6):1393–1405.
Journal cover image

Published In

Developmental science

DOI

EISSN

1467-7687

ISSN

1363-755X

Publication Date

November 2011

Volume

14

Issue

6

Start / End Page

1393 / 1405

Related Subject Headings

  • Temperament
  • Species Specificity
  • Shyness
  • Observation
  • Male
  • Latency Period, Psychological
  • Humans
  • Hominidae
  • Female
  • Developmental & Child Psychology