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Observed classroom behavior of children with ADHD: relationship to gender and comorbidity.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Abikoff, HB; Jensen, PS; Arnold, LLE; Hoza, B; Hechtman, L; Pollack, S; Martin, D; Alvir, J; March, JS; Hinshaw, S; Vitiello, B; Newcorn, J ...
Published in: J Abnorm Child Psychol
August 2002

Examined hypothesized gender and comorbidity differences in the observed classroom behavior of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The behavior of 403 boys and 99 girls with ADHD, ages 7-10, was compared (a) to observed, sex-specific classroom behavior norms, (b) by sex, and (c) by comorbid subgroups. Boys and girls with ADHD deviated significantly from classroom norms on 15/16 and 13/16 categories, respectively. Compared to comparison girls, girls with ADHD had relatively high rates of verbal aggression to children. Boys with ADHD engaged in more rule-breaking and externalizing behaviors than did girls with ADHD, but the sexes did not differ on more "neutral," unobtrusive behaviors. The sex differences are consistent with notions of why girls with ADHD are identified and referred later than boys. Contrary to hypothesis, the presence of comorbid anxiety disorder (ANX) was not associated with behavioral suppression; yet, as hypothesized, children with a comorbid disruptive behavior disorder (DBD) had higher rates of rule-breaking, and impulsive and aggressive behavior, than did children with ADHD alone and those with ADHD+ANX. Elevated rates of ADHD behaviors were also observed in children with comorbid DBD, indicating that these behaviors are truly present and suggesting that reports of higher ADHD ratings in this subgroup are not simply a consequence of negative halo effects and rater biases.

Duke Scholars

Published In

J Abnorm Child Psychol

DOI

ISSN

0091-0627

Publication Date

August 2002

Volume

30

Issue

4

Start / End Page

349 / 359

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Social Behavior
  • Sex Factors
  • Prognosis
  • Personality Assessment
  • Male
  • Internal-External Control
  • Humans
  • Female
  • Developmental & Child Psychology
  • Comorbidity
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
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Abikoff, H. B., Jensen, P. S., Arnold, L. L. E., Hoza, B., Hechtman, L., Pollack, S., … Wigal, T. (2002). Observed classroom behavior of children with ADHD: relationship to gender and comorbidity. J Abnorm Child Psychol, 30(4), 349–359. https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1015713807297
Abikoff, Howard B., Peter S. Jensen, LL Eugene Arnold, Betsy Hoza, Lily Hechtman, Simcha Pollack, Diane Martin, et al. “Observed classroom behavior of children with ADHD: relationship to gender and comorbidity.J Abnorm Child Psychol 30, no. 4 (August 2002): 349–59. https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1015713807297.
Abikoff HB, Jensen PS, Arnold LLE, Hoza B, Hechtman L, Pollack S, et al. Observed classroom behavior of children with ADHD: relationship to gender and comorbidity. J Abnorm Child Psychol. 2002 Aug;30(4):349–59.
Abikoff, Howard B., et al. “Observed classroom behavior of children with ADHD: relationship to gender and comorbidity.J Abnorm Child Psychol, vol. 30, no. 4, Aug. 2002, pp. 349–59. Pubmed, doi:10.1023/a:1015713807297.
Abikoff HB, Jensen PS, Arnold LLE, Hoza B, Hechtman L, Pollack S, Martin D, Alvir J, March JS, Hinshaw S, Vitiello B, Newcorn J, Greiner A, Cantwell DP, Conners CK, Elliott G, Greenhill LL, Kraemer H, Pelham WE, Severe JB, Swanson JM, Wells K, Wigal T. Observed classroom behavior of children with ADHD: relationship to gender and comorbidity. J Abnorm Child Psychol. 2002 Aug;30(4):349–359.
Journal cover image

Published In

J Abnorm Child Psychol

DOI

ISSN

0091-0627

Publication Date

August 2002

Volume

30

Issue

4

Start / End Page

349 / 359

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Social Behavior
  • Sex Factors
  • Prognosis
  • Personality Assessment
  • Male
  • Internal-External Control
  • Humans
  • Female
  • Developmental & Child Psychology
  • Comorbidity