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Spatiotemporal variation of crown-scale stomatal conductance in an arid Vitis vinifera L. cv. Merlot vineyard: direct effects of hydraulic properties and indirect effects of canopy leaf area.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Zhang, Y; Oren, R; Kang, S
Published in: Tree physiology
March 2012

Vineyards were planted in the arid region of northwest China to meet the local economic strategy while reducing agricultural water use. Sap flow, environmental variables, a plant characteristic (sapwood-to-leaf area ratio, A(s)/A(l)) and a canopy characteristic (leaf area index, L) were measured in a vineyard in the region during the growing season of 2009, and hourly canopy stomatal conductance (G(si)) was estimated for individual vines to quantify the relationships between G(si) and these variables. After accounting for the effects of vapor pressure deficit (D) and solar radiation (R(s)) on G(si), much of the remaining variation of reference G(si) (G(siR)) was driven by that of leaf-specific hydraulic conductivity, which in turn was driven by that of A(s)/A(l). After accounting for that effect on G(siR), appreciable temporal variation remained in the decline rate of G(siR) with decreasing vineyard-averaged relative extractable soil water (θ(E)). This variation was related to the differential decline ofθ(E) near each monitored vine, decreasing faster between irrigation events near vines where L was greater, thus adding to the spatiotemporal variation of G(siR) observed in the vineyard. We also found that the vines showed isohydric-like behavior whenθ(E) was low, but switched to anisohydric-like behavior with increasingθ(E). Modeledθ(E) and associated G(s) of a canopy with even L (1.9 m(2) m(-2)) were greater than that of the same average L but split between the lowest and highest L observed along sections of rows in the vineyard (1.2 and 2.6 m(2) m(-2)) by 6 and 12%, respectively. Our results suggest that managing sectional L near the average, rather than allowing a wide variation, can reduce soil water depletion, maintaining G(s) higher, thus potentially enhancing yield.

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Published In

Tree physiology

DOI

EISSN

1758-4469

ISSN

0829-318X

Publication Date

March 2012

Volume

32

Issue

3

Start / End Page

262 / 279

Related Subject Headings

  • Xylem
  • Water
  • Vitis
  • Vapor Pressure
  • Time Factors
  • Sunlight
  • Soil
  • Seasons
  • Plant Transpiration
  • Plant Stomata
 

Citation

Journal cover image

Published In

Tree physiology

DOI

EISSN

1758-4469

ISSN

0829-318X

Publication Date

March 2012

Volume

32

Issue

3

Start / End Page

262 / 279

Related Subject Headings

  • Xylem
  • Water
  • Vitis
  • Vapor Pressure
  • Time Factors
  • Sunlight
  • Soil
  • Seasons
  • Plant Transpiration
  • Plant Stomata