Skip to main content

Major and minor music compared to excited and subdued speech.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Bowling, DL; Gill, K; Choi, JD; Prinz, J; Purves, D
Published in: The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
January 2010

The affective impact of music arises from a variety of factors, including intensity, tempo, rhythm, and tonal relationships. The emotional coloring evoked by intensity, tempo, and rhythm appears to arise from association with the characteristics of human behavior in the corresponding condition; however, how and why particular tonal relationships in music convey distinct emotional effects are not clear. The hypothesis examined here is that major and minor tone collections elicit different affective reactions because their spectra are similar to the spectra of voiced speech uttered in different emotional states. To evaluate this possibility the spectra of the intervals that distinguish major and minor music were compared to the spectra of voiced segments in excited and subdued speech using fundamental frequency and frequency ratios as measures. Consistent with the hypothesis, the spectra of major intervals are more similar to spectra found in excited speech, whereas the spectra of particular minor intervals are more similar to the spectra of subdued speech. These results suggest that the characteristic affective impact of major and minor tone collections arises from associations routinely made between particular musical intervals and voiced speech.

Duke Scholars

Altmetric Attention Stats
Dimensions Citation Stats

Published In

The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America

DOI

EISSN

1520-8524

ISSN

0001-4966

Publication Date

January 2010

Volume

127

Issue

1

Start / End Page

491 / 503

Related Subject Headings

  • Young Adult
  • Speech Acoustics
  • Speech
  • Sound Spectrography
  • Psychoacoustics
  • Music
  • Middle Aged
  • Male
  • Humans
  • Female
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
NLM
Bowling, D. L., Gill, K., Choi, J. D., Prinz, J., & Purves, D. (2010). Major and minor music compared to excited and subdued speech. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 127(1), 491–503. https://doi.org/10.1121/1.3268504
Bowling, Daniel L., Kamraan Gill, Jonathan D. Choi, Joseph Prinz, and Dale Purves. “Major and minor music compared to excited and subdued speech.The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 127, no. 1 (January 2010): 491–503. https://doi.org/10.1121/1.3268504.
Bowling DL, Gill K, Choi JD, Prinz J, Purves D. Major and minor music compared to excited and subdued speech. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 2010 Jan;127(1):491–503.
Bowling, Daniel L., et al. “Major and minor music compared to excited and subdued speech.The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, vol. 127, no. 1, Jan. 2010, pp. 491–503. Epmc, doi:10.1121/1.3268504.
Bowling DL, Gill K, Choi JD, Prinz J, Purves D. Major and minor music compared to excited and subdued speech. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 2010 Jan;127(1):491–503.

Published In

The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America

DOI

EISSN

1520-8524

ISSN

0001-4966

Publication Date

January 2010

Volume

127

Issue

1

Start / End Page

491 / 503

Related Subject Headings

  • Young Adult
  • Speech Acoustics
  • Speech
  • Sound Spectrography
  • Psychoacoustics
  • Music
  • Middle Aged
  • Male
  • Humans
  • Female