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Self-discrepancies and vulnerability to body dissatisfaction and disordered eating.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Strauman, TJ; Vookles, J; Berenstein, V; Chaiken, S; Higgins, ET
Published in: Journal of personality and social psychology
December 1991

Two studies explored the relevance of self-discrepancies for body dissatisfaction and disordered eating. In Study 1, actual:ideal self-discrepancies of female undergraduates correlated with body shape dissatisfaction independent of Ss' body mass and number of appearance-related self-beliefs; actual:ought discrepancy was discriminantly associated with anorexic-related attitudes and behaviors. In Study 2 (using a mixed-gender sample), bulimic-related behaviors were associated with a form of actual:ideal discrepancy (unfulfilled positive potential) whereas anorexic-related symptoms were associated with actual:ought discrepancy. Both genders showed the predicted relations between self-discrepancies and disordered eating, and the predicted associations remained even when appearance-related attributes were excluded from scoring of self-discrepancies.

Duke Scholars

Published In

Journal of personality and social psychology

DOI

EISSN

1939-1315

ISSN

0022-3514

Publication Date

December 1991

Volume

61

Issue

6

Start / End Page

946 / 956

Related Subject Headings

  • Social Psychology
  • Self Concept
  • Psychometrics
  • Personality Inventory
  • Personal Satisfaction
  • Internal-External Control
  • Humans
  • Gender Identity
  • Female
  • Feeding and Eating Disorders
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
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Strauman, T. J., Vookles, J., Berenstein, V., Chaiken, S., & Higgins, E. T. (1991). Self-discrepancies and vulnerability to body dissatisfaction and disordered eating. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 61(6), 946–956. https://doi.org/10.1037//0022-3514.61.6.946
Strauman, T. J., J. Vookles, V. Berenstein, S. Chaiken, and E. T. Higgins. “Self-discrepancies and vulnerability to body dissatisfaction and disordered eating.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 61, no. 6 (December 1991): 946–56. https://doi.org/10.1037//0022-3514.61.6.946.
Strauman TJ, Vookles J, Berenstein V, Chaiken S, Higgins ET. Self-discrepancies and vulnerability to body dissatisfaction and disordered eating. Journal of personality and social psychology. 1991 Dec;61(6):946–56.
Strauman, T. J., et al. “Self-discrepancies and vulnerability to body dissatisfaction and disordered eating.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol. 61, no. 6, Dec. 1991, pp. 946–56. Epmc, doi:10.1037//0022-3514.61.6.946.
Strauman TJ, Vookles J, Berenstein V, Chaiken S, Higgins ET. Self-discrepancies and vulnerability to body dissatisfaction and disordered eating. Journal of personality and social psychology. 1991 Dec;61(6):946–956.

Published In

Journal of personality and social psychology

DOI

EISSN

1939-1315

ISSN

0022-3514

Publication Date

December 1991

Volume

61

Issue

6

Start / End Page

946 / 956

Related Subject Headings

  • Social Psychology
  • Self Concept
  • Psychometrics
  • Personality Inventory
  • Personal Satisfaction
  • Internal-External Control
  • Humans
  • Gender Identity
  • Female
  • Feeding and Eating Disorders