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Hepcidin expression in human airway epithelial cells is regulated by interferon-γ.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Frazier, MD; Mamo, LB; Ghio, AJ; Turi, JL
Published in: Respir Res
August 2, 2011

BACKGROUND: Hepcidin serves as a major regulator of systemic iron metabolism and immune function. Airway epithelial cells have an extensive interface with the environment, and so must be able to respond locally to the presence of particulates, infection, and inflammation. Therefore, we hypothesized that hepcidin is expressed in airway epithelial cells and is regulated by early phase cytokines. METHODS: Primary, differentiated human bronchial epithelial (NHBE) cells were used to assess hepcidin gene expression in response to IFN-γ, TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6, as well as to LPS + CD14. The role of the Janus Kinase-signal transducer and activator of transcription (JAK-STAT) pathway in IFN-γ-mediated hepcidin production was assessed by measuring JAK2 phophorylation and STAT1 nuclear translocation. Inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopy (ICP-MS) was used to determine whether hepcidin altered iron transport in either NHBE cells or primary alveolar macrophages. RESULTS: We demonstrate that differentiated human airway epithelial cells express hepcidin mRNA and that its expression is augmented in response to IFN-γ via activation of STAT1. However, while IFN-γ induced hepcidin gene expression, we were not able to demonstrate diminished expression of the iron export protein, ferroportin (Fpn), at the cell surface, or iron accumulation in airway epithelial in the presence of exogenous hepcidin. CONCLUSION: These data demonstrate that airway epithelial cells express hepcidin in the lung in response to IFN-γ. The presence of hepcidin in the airway does not appear to alter cellular iron transport, but may serve as a protective factor via its direct antimicrobial effects.

Duke Scholars

Published In

Respir Res

DOI

EISSN

1465-993X

Publication Date

August 2, 2011

Volume

12

Issue

1

Start / End Page

100

Location

England

Related Subject Headings

  • Time Factors
  • Spectrophotometry, Atomic
  • STAT1 Transcription Factor
  • Respiratory System
  • Respiratory Mucosa
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Phosphorylation
  • Macrophages, Alveolar
  • Janus Kinase 2
  • Iron
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
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Frazier, M. D., Mamo, L. B., Ghio, A. J., & Turi, J. L. (2011). Hepcidin expression in human airway epithelial cells is regulated by interferon-γ. Respir Res, 12(1), 100. https://doi.org/10.1186/1465-9921-12-100
Frazier, Marie D., Lisa B. Mamo, Andrew J. Ghio, and Jennifer L. Turi. “Hepcidin expression in human airway epithelial cells is regulated by interferon-γ.Respir Res 12, no. 1 (August 2, 2011): 100. https://doi.org/10.1186/1465-9921-12-100.
Frazier MD, Mamo LB, Ghio AJ, Turi JL. Hepcidin expression in human airway epithelial cells is regulated by interferon-γ. Respir Res. 2011 Aug 2;12(1):100.
Frazier, Marie D., et al. “Hepcidin expression in human airway epithelial cells is regulated by interferon-γ.Respir Res, vol. 12, no. 1, Aug. 2011, p. 100. Pubmed, doi:10.1186/1465-9921-12-100.
Frazier MD, Mamo LB, Ghio AJ, Turi JL. Hepcidin expression in human airway epithelial cells is regulated by interferon-γ. Respir Res. 2011 Aug 2;12(1):100.

Published In

Respir Res

DOI

EISSN

1465-993X

Publication Date

August 2, 2011

Volume

12

Issue

1

Start / End Page

100

Location

England

Related Subject Headings

  • Time Factors
  • Spectrophotometry, Atomic
  • STAT1 Transcription Factor
  • Respiratory System
  • Respiratory Mucosa
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Phosphorylation
  • Macrophages, Alveolar
  • Janus Kinase 2
  • Iron