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The Power of Personality: The Comparative Validity of Personality Traits, Socioeconomic Status, and Cognitive Ability for Predicting Important Life Outcomes.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Roberts, BW; Kuncel, NR; Shiner, R; Caspi, A; Goldberg, LR
Published in: Perspectives on psychological science : a journal of the Association for Psychological Science
December 2007

The ability of personality traits to predict important life outcomes has traditionally been questioned because of the putative small effects of personality. In this article, we compare the predictive validity of personality traits with that of socioeconomic status (SES) and cognitive ability to test the relative contribution of personality traits to predictions of three critical outcomes: mortality, divorce, and occupational attainment. Only evidence from prospective longitudinal studies was considered. In addition, an attempt was made to limit the review to studies that controlled for important background factors. Results showed that the magnitude of the effects of personality traits on mortality, divorce, and occupational attainment was indistinguishable from the effects of SES and cognitive ability on these outcomes. These results demonstrate the influence of personality traits on important life outcomes, highlight the need to more routinely incorporate measures of personality into quality of life surveys, and encourage further research about the developmental origins of personality traits and the processes by which these traits influence diverse life outcomes.

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Published In

Perspectives on psychological science : a journal of the Association for Psychological Science

DOI

EISSN

1745-6924

ISSN

1745-6916

Publication Date

December 2007

Volume

2

Issue

4

Start / End Page

313 / 345

Related Subject Headings

  • Social Psychology
  • 52 Psychology
  • 1702 Cognitive Sciences
  • 1701 Psychology
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
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Roberts, B. W., Kuncel, N. R., Shiner, R., Caspi, A., & Goldberg, L. R. (2007). The Power of Personality: The Comparative Validity of Personality Traits, Socioeconomic Status, and Cognitive Ability for Predicting Important Life Outcomes. Perspectives on Psychological Science : A Journal of the Association for Psychological Science, 2(4), 313–345. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-6916.2007.00047.x
Roberts, Brent W., Nathan R. Kuncel, Rebecca Shiner, Avshalom Caspi, and Lewis R. Goldberg. “The Power of Personality: The Comparative Validity of Personality Traits, Socioeconomic Status, and Cognitive Ability for Predicting Important Life Outcomes.Perspectives on Psychological Science : A Journal of the Association for Psychological Science 2, no. 4 (December 2007): 313–45. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-6916.2007.00047.x.
Roberts BW, Kuncel NR, Shiner R, Caspi A, Goldberg LR. The Power of Personality: The Comparative Validity of Personality Traits, Socioeconomic Status, and Cognitive Ability for Predicting Important Life Outcomes. Perspectives on psychological science : a journal of the Association for Psychological Science. 2007 Dec;2(4):313–45.
Roberts, Brent W., et al. “The Power of Personality: The Comparative Validity of Personality Traits, Socioeconomic Status, and Cognitive Ability for Predicting Important Life Outcomes.Perspectives on Psychological Science : A Journal of the Association for Psychological Science, vol. 2, no. 4, Dec. 2007, pp. 313–45. Epmc, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6916.2007.00047.x.
Roberts BW, Kuncel NR, Shiner R, Caspi A, Goldberg LR. The Power of Personality: The Comparative Validity of Personality Traits, Socioeconomic Status, and Cognitive Ability for Predicting Important Life Outcomes. Perspectives on psychological science : a journal of the Association for Psychological Science. 2007 Dec;2(4):313–345.
Journal cover image

Published In

Perspectives on psychological science : a journal of the Association for Psychological Science

DOI

EISSN

1745-6924

ISSN

1745-6916

Publication Date

December 2007

Volume

2

Issue

4

Start / End Page

313 / 345

Related Subject Headings

  • Social Psychology
  • 52 Psychology
  • 1702 Cognitive Sciences
  • 1701 Psychology