Factors associated with cognitive evaluations in the United States.


Journal Article

We aimed to explore factors associated with clinical evaluations for cognitive impairment among older residents of the United States.Two hundred ninety-seven of 845 subjects in the Aging, Demographics, and Memory Study (ADAMS), a nationally representative community-based cohort study, met criteria for dementia after a detailed in-person study examination. Informants for these subjects reported whether or not they had ever received a clinical cognitive evaluation outside of the context of ADAMS. Among subjects with dementia, we evaluated demographic, socioeconomic, and clinical factors associated with an informant-reported clinical cognitive evaluation using bivariate analyses and multivariable logistic regression.Of the 297 participants with dementia in ADAMS, 55.2% (representing about 1.8 million elderly Americans in 2002) reported no history of a clinical cognitive evaluation by a physician. In a multivariable logistic regression model (n = 297) controlling for demographics, physical function measures, and dementia severity, marital status (odds ratio for currently married: 2.63 [95% confidence interval: 1.10-6.35]) was the only significant independent predictor of receiving a clinical cognitive evaluation among subjects with study-confirmed dementia.Many elderly individuals with dementia do not receive clinical cognitive evaluations. The likelihood of receiving a clinical cognitive evaluation in elderly individuals with dementia associates with certain patient-specific factors, particularly severity of cognitive impairment and current marital status.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Kotagal, V; Langa, KM; Plassman, BL; Fisher, GG; Giordani, BJ; Wallace, RB; Burke, JR; Steffens, DC; Kabeto, M; Albin, RL; Foster, NL

Published Date

  • January 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 84 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 64 - 71

PubMed ID

  • 25428689

Pubmed Central ID

  • 25428689

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1526-632X

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0028-3878

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1212/WNL.0000000000001096


  • eng