Insulin, Hyperglycemia, and Severe Retinopathy of Prematurity in Extremely Low-Birth-Weight Infants.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine the association between hyperglycemia, insulin therapy, and severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in extremely low-birth-weight (ELBW) infants. STUDY DESIGN: In this retrospective database study, we included all ELBW infants who were ≤ 32 weeks gestational age (GA). We excluded infants without any ophthalmology evaluation and infants who died before 28 days of life. A multivariable model was constructed to determine the association between hyperglycemia, insulin use, and severe ROP. We defined hyperglycemia as blood glucose (BG) > 180 mg/dL. Covariates were GA, small for GA status, discharge year, sex, Apgar score at 5 minutes, mechanical ventilation, oxygen use, bacteremia, and postnatal steroid exposure. We defined severe ROP as ROP requiring bevacizumab, cryotherapy, laser therapy, or vitrectomy. Sensitivity analysis using BG > 150 mg/dL and > 200 mg/dL was performed. RESULTS: A total of 24,548 infants were included; 2,547 (10%) had severe ROP. Hyperglycemia alone was not associated with severe ROP (odds ratio [OR], 0.88; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.66-1.17). Hyperglycemia and insulin use were not associated with severe ROP (OR, 1.43; 95% CI, 0.91-2.23). BG > 150 mg/dL and insulin use were associated with severe ROP (OR, 1.34; 95% CI, 1.02-1.76). CONCLUSIONS: Hyperglycemia alone was not associated with severe ROP in ELBW infants. However, we did observe a possible trend between the use of insulin and severe ROP.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Lee, JH; Hornik, CP; Testoni, D; Laughon, MM; Cotten, CM; Maldonado, RS; Belcastro, MR; Clark, RH; Smith, PB

Published Date

  • March 2016

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 33 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 393 - 400

PubMed ID

  • 26485249

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC4794341

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1098-8785

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1055/s-0035-1565999


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States