A Landscape of Therapeutic Cooperativity in KRAS Mutant Cancers Reveals Principles for Controlling Tumor Evolution.

Journal Article

Combinatorial inhibition of effector and feedback pathways is a promising treatment strategy for KRAS mutant cancers. However, the particular pathways that should be targeted to optimize therapeutic responses are unclear. Using CRISPR/Cas9, we systematically mapped the pathways whose inhibition cooperates with drugs targeting the KRAS effectors MEK, ERK, and PI3K. By performing 70 screens in models of KRAS mutant colorectal, lung, ovarian, and pancreas cancers, we uncovered universal and tissue-specific sensitizing combinations involving inhibitors of cell cycle, metabolism, growth signaling, chromatin regulation, and transcription. Furthermore, these screens revealed secondary genetic modifiers of sensitivity, yielding a SRC inhibitor-based combination therapy for KRAS/PIK3CA double-mutant colorectal cancers (CRCs) with clinical potential. Surprisingly, acquired resistance to combinations of growth signaling pathway inhibitors develops rapidly following treatment, but by targeting signaling feedback or apoptotic priming, it is possible to construct three-drug combinations that greatly delay its emergence.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Anderson, GR; Winter, PS; Lin, KH; Nussbaum, DP; Cakir, M; Stein, EM; Soderquist, RS; Crawford, L; Leeds, JC; Newcomb, R; Stepp, P; Yip, C; Wardell, SE; Tingley, JP; Ali, M; Xu, M; Ryan, M; McCall, SJ; McRee, AJ; Counter, CM; Der, CJ; Wood, KC

Published Date

  • July 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 20 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 999 - 1015

PubMed ID

  • 28746882

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2211-1247

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2211-1247

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.celrep.2017.07.006

Language

  • eng