Infrared Spectroscopic Observation of a G-C+ Hoogsteen Base Pair in the DNA:TATA-Box Binding Protein Complex Under Solution Conditions.
Hoogsteen DNA base pairs (bps) are an alternative base pairing to canonical Watson-Crick bps and are thought to play important biochemical roles. Hoogsteen bps have been reported in a handful of X-ray structures of protein-DNA complexes. However, there are several examples of Hoogsteen bps in crystal structures that form Watson-Crick bps when examined under solution conditions. Furthermore, Hoogsteen bps can sometimes be difficult to resolve in DNA:protein complexes by X-ray crystallography due to ambiguous electron density and by solution-state NMR spectroscopy due to size limitations. Here, using infrared spectroscopy, we report the first direct solution-state observation of a Hoogsteen (G-C+ ) bp in a DNA:protein complex under solution conditions with specific application to DNA-bound TATA-box binding protein. These results support a previous assignment of a G-C+ Hoogsteen bp in the complex, and indicate that Hoogsteen bps do indeed exist under solution conditions in DNA:protein complexes.
Stelling, AL; Liu, AY; Zeng, W; Salinas, R; Schumacher, MA; Al-Hashimi, HM
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Pubmed Central ID
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)