Macular OCT Characteristics at 36 Weeks' Postmenstrual Age in Infants Examined for Retinopathy of Prematurity.
PURPOSE: To report our ability to capture,-grade reliably, and analyze bedside macular OCT images from preterm infants and relate OCT findings to biological factors and retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) status at a single time window in the Study of Eye Imaging in Preterm Infants (BabySTEPS). DESIGN: Prospective, observational study. PARTICIPANTS: Preterm infants eligible for ROP screening with parental consent for research and a 36 ± 1 weeks' postmenstrual age (PMA) visit. METHODS: We imaged both eyes of preterm infants with an investigational noncontact, handheld swept-source (SS) OCT at the time of clinical ROP examinations. Macular OCT features and layer thicknesses for untreated eyes of infants at 36 ± 1 weeks' PMA were compared with demographic data and clinical ROP examination performed by experts. Statistical analyses accounted for the use of both eyes of infants. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Macular OCT features and layer thicknesses, gender, race or ethnicity, gestational age, birth weight, ROP stage, and plus disease. RESULTS: We captured macular OCT from 169 eyes (1 eye excluded because of prior ROP treatment) at 36 ± 1 weeks' PMA. The quality of OCT volumes was excellent in 33 eyes (19%), acceptable in 112 eyes (67%), poor in 24 eyes (14%), and unusable in 0 eyes (0%). Macular edema was present in 60% of eyes and was bilateral in 82% of infants with edema. At the fovea, retinal and inner nuclear layer thickness increased with edema severity: 183 ± 36 μm and 51 ± 27 μm in mild (16% of eyes), 308 ± 57 μm and 163 ± 53 μm in moderate (25%), and 460 ± 76 μm and 280 ± 83 μm in severe edema (12%), respectively. With an increase in ROP stage from 0 to 2, the mean ± standard deviation retinal thickness at the fovea increased from 227± 124 μm to 297 ± 99 μm (P < 0.001). The choroid was thinner, 155 ± 72 μm, with preplus or plus disease versus without, 236 ± 79 μm (P = 0.04), whereas retinal thickness did not vary. CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrated the reliability of methods and the prevalence of OCT findings in preterm infants enrolled in BabySTEPS at a single time point of 36 ± 1 weeks' PMA. Variations in layer thicknesses in infants at this time point may reflect abnormalities resulting from delay in foveal development that may be impacted by macular edema, ROP, or both.
Mangalesh, S; McGeehan, B; Tai, V; Chen, X; Tran-Viet, D; Vajzovic, L; Viehland, C; Izatt, JA; Cotten, CM; Freedman, SF; Maguire, MG; Toth, CA; Study of Eye Imaging in Preterm Infants Group,
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