Predictors of Abnormal Functional Luminal Impedance Planimetry Findings in Non-mechanical Esophagogastric Junction Outflow Obstruction.
Journal Article (Journal Article)
BACKGROUND: Esophagogastric junction outflow obstruction (EGJOO) is a common but nonspecific motility pattern identified by esophageal high-resolution manometry (HRM). Functional luminal impedance planimetry (FLIP) provides information regarding lower esophageal sphincter (LES) mechanics, which can identify achalasia spectrum disorders and is useful in evaluating EGJOO. However, the relationship between HRM and FLIP parameters in EGJOO is not clearly defined. AIMS: To identify predictors of abnormal FLIP findings in patients with non-mechanical EGJOO. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of patients with non-mechanical EGJOO who underwent FLIP between 10/1/16 and 7/1/19. Demographic data including age and gender, examination indication, concomitant medications, HRM parameters, symptom burden, and FLIP metrics of diameter and distensibility index (DI) were collected. DI was categorized as not low (DI > 2.8), borderline low (DI 1.1-2.8), and definitely low (DI ≤ 1). Kruskal-Wallis and Fisher's exact tests were used to assess the relationship between HRM and FLIP parameters and to identify predictors of abnormal FLIP. RESULTS: Among the 44 patients studied, most were female (n = 33, 75%) and the median age was 63. The median IRP was 18.2, and 10 (23%) patients used chronic narcotics. Lower total heartburn and regurgitation scores, and LES diameter by FLIP are associated with definitely low DI. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with non-mechanical EGJOO, reflux burden scores and FLIP diameters can aid in predicting DI. These results may provide useful adjunctive data to help in differentiating which patients have meaningful outflow obstruction.
- Reddy, AT; Shimpi, RA; Parish, A; Niedzwiecki, D; Leiman, DA
- November 2021
Volume / Issue
- 66 / 11
Start / End Page
- 3968 - 3975
Pubmed Central ID
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
- United States