Unintended Consequences of COVID-19 Social Distancing Among Older Adults With Kidney Disease.
Journal Article (Journal Article)
BackgroundWhile social distancing policies protect older adults with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) from exposure to COVID-19, reduced social interaction may also have unintended consequences.
MethodsTo identify subgroups of patients at risk for unintended health consequences of social distancing, we conducted a cross-sectional analysis of data from a national cohort study of older veterans with advanced CKD (n = 223). Characteristics included activities of daily living (ADLs), instrumental ADLs (IADLs), cognition score, depression score, social support, financial stress, symptom burden, and number of chronic conditions. Unintended consequences of social distancing included restricted Life Space mobility, low willingness for video telehealth, reduced in-person contact with caregivers, and food insecurity. We identified subgroups of patients at risk of unintended consequences using model-based recursive partitioning (MoB).
ResultsParticipants had a mean age of 77.9 years, 64.6% were white, and 96.9% were male. Overall, 22.4% of participants had restricted Life Space, 33.9% reported low willingness for video telehealth, 19.0% reported reduced caregiver contact, and 3.2% reported food insecurity. For Life Space restriction, 4 subgroups partitioned (ie, split) by IADL difficulty, cognition score, and ADL difficulty were identified. The highest rate of restricted Life Space was 54.7% in the subgroup of participants with >3 IADL difficulties. For low willingness for telehealth and reduced caregiver contact, separate models identified 2 subgroups split by cognition score and depression score, respectively.
ConclusionsMeasures of function, cognition, and depressive symptoms may identify older adults with advanced CKD who are at higher risk for unintended health consequences of social distancing.
- Bowling, Christopher Barrett
- DePasquale, Nicole
- Maciejewski, Matthew Leonard
- Olsen, Maren Karine
- Wang, Virginia
- Whitson, Heather Elizabeth
- Bowling, CB; Berkowitz, TSZ; Smith, B; Whitson, HE; DePasquale, N; Wang, V; Maciejewski, ML; Olsen, MK
- April 2022
Volume / Issue
- 77 / 4
Start / End Page
- e133 - e137
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Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)