Juxtametallic Bipolar Bone Radiofrequency Ablation: Thermal Monitoring in an Ex-Vivo Model with Specimen MRI and Histopathologic Correlation.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

PURPOSE: To measure the ablation zone temperature and nontarget tissue temperature during radiofrequency (RF) ablation in bone containing metal instrumentation versus no metal instrumentation (control group). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ex vivo experiments were performed on 15 swine vertebrae (control, n = 5; titanium screw, n = 5; stainless steel screw, n = 5). Screws and RF ablation probe were inserted identically under fluoroscopy. During RF ablation (3 W, 5 minutes), temperature was measured 10 mm from RF ablation centerpoint and in muscle contacting the screw. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, gross pathologic, and histopathologic analyses were performed on 1 specimen from each group. RESULTS: Ablation zone temperatures at 2.5 and 5 minutes increased by 12.2 °C ± 2.6 °C and 21.5 °C ± 2.1 °C (control); 11.0 °C ± 4.1 °C and 20.0 °C ± 2.9 °C (juxta-titanium screw), and 10.0 °C ± 3.4 °C and 17.2 °C ± 3.5 °C (juxta-stainless steel) screw; differences among groups did not reach significance by analysis of variance (P = .87). Mixed-effects linear regression revealed a statistically significant increase in temperature over time in all 3 groups (4.2 °C/min ± 0.4 °C/min, P < .001). Compared with the control, there was no significant difference in the temperature change over time for titanium (-0.3 °C/min ± 0.5 °C/min, P = .53) or steel groups (-0.4 °C/min ± 0.5 °C/min, P = .38). The mean screw temperature at the final time point did not show a statistically significant change compared with baseline in either the titanium group (-1.2 °C ± 2.3 °C, P = .50) or steel group (2.6 °C ± 2.9 °C, P = .11). MR imaging and pathologic analyses revealed homogeneous ablation without sparing of the peri-hardware zones. CONCLUSIONS: Adjacent metallic instrumentation did not affect the rate of or absolute increase in temperature in the ablation zone, did not create peri-metallic ablation inhomogeneities, and did not result in significant nontarget heating of muscle tissue in contact with the metal instrumentation.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Sag, AA; Sperduto, WAL; Eward, W; Ronald, J; Davis, H; Jiang, XS; Enterline, DS; Visgauss, J; Brigman, B; Goodwin, CR; Qadri, YJ; Kim, CY

Published Date

  • December 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 33 / 12

Start / End Page

  • 1594 - 1600

PubMed ID

  • 36007783

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1535-7732

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jvir.2022.08.019


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States