Loss of DNAM-1 contributes to CD8+ T-cell exhaustion in chronic HIV-1 infection.
The hallmark of chronic viral infections is a progressive exhaustion of antigen-specific CD8(+) T cells that leads to persisting viral replication. It is generally believed that exhaustion is a consequence of the accumulation of multiple inhibitory receptors on CD8(+) T cells that makes them dysfunctional. Here, we show that during human chronic HIV-1 infection, a CD8(+) T-cell positive costimulatory pathway mediated by DNAX-activating molecule-1 is also disrupted. Thus, DNAX-activating molecule-1 downregulation on CD8(+) T cells aggravates the impairment of CTL effector function in chronic HIV-1 infection.
Cella, M; Presti, R; Vermi, W; Lavender, K; Turnbull, E; Ochsenbauer-Jambor, C; Kappes, JC; Ferrari, G; Kessels, L; Williams, I; CHAVI Clinical Core B, ; McMichael, AJ; Haynes, BF; Borrow, P; Colonna, M; NIAID Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology,
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