Cardiolipin polyspecific autoreactivity in two broadly neutralizing HIV-1 antibodies.

Published

Journal Article

The design of a human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) immunogen that can induce broadly reactive neutralizing antibodies is a major goal of HIV-1 vaccine development. Although rare human monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) exist that broadly neutralize HIV-1, HIV-1 envelope immunogens do not induce these antibody specificities. Here we demonstrate that the two most broadly reactive HIV-1 envelope gp41 human mAbs, 2F5 and 4E10, are polyspecific autoantibodies reactive with the phospholipid cardiolipin. Thus, current HIV-1 vaccines may not induce these types of antibodies because of autoantigen mimicry of the conserved membrane-proximal epitopes of the virus. These results may have important implications for generating effective neutralizing antibody responses by using HIV-1 vaccines.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Haynes, BF; Fleming, J; St Clair, EW; Katinger, H; Stiegler, G; Kunert, R; Robinson, J; Scearce, RM; Plonk, K; Staats, HF; Ortel, TL; Liao, H-X; Alam, SM

Published Date

  • June 2005

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 308 / 5730

Start / End Page

  • 1906 - 1908

PubMed ID

  • 15860590

Pubmed Central ID

  • 15860590

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1095-9203

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0036-8075

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1126/science.1111781

Language

  • eng