Ad lib smoking in post-traumatic stress disorder: an electronic diary study.

Published

Journal Article

Using ambulatory methods for 1 week of monitoring, this study investigated the association between smoking and situational cues in 22 smokers with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and 23 smokers without PTSD. Generalized estimating equations contrasted 1,759 smoking and 1,088 nonsmoking situations by group status controlling for multiple covariates. PTSD smokers reported higher stress and PTSD symptoms across daily activities. For all smokers, higher nicotine dependence, craving, food and caffeine consumption, and being outside were related to smoking. PTSD smokers were more likely to smoke when experiencing PTSD symptoms, anxiety, and stress. Following smoking, smokers with PTSD reported a significant reduction in negative affect. These results are consistent with previous ambulatory findings regarding mood in smokers, and underscore that in smokers with PTSD, PTSD symptom variables as well as stress and anxiety are significantly associated with ad lib smoking.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Beckham, JC; Wiley, MT; Miller, SC; Dennis, MF; Wilson, SM; McClernon, FJ; Calhoun, PS

Published Date

  • July 2008

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 10 / 7

Start / End Page

  • 1149 - 1157

PubMed ID

  • 18629724

Pubmed Central ID

  • 18629724

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1462-2203

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1080/14622200802123302

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • England