Safety of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor use prior to coronary artery bypass grafting.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) have been shown to increase bleeding risks. This study examined the association of perioperative coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) bleeding risks and SSRI use prior to CABG. HYPOTHESIS: SSRI may be associated with increased bleeding risks after CABG resulting in elevated reoperation rates due to bleeding complications. METHODS: Patients who underwent CABG between 1999 and 2003 (n = 4794) were identified in a tertiary medical center. SSRI use (n = 246) was determined using inpatient pharmacy records. Outcomes included primary end point of reoperation due to bleeding complications and other secondary measures. Multivariate regression models were constructed to adjust for baseline differences between SSRI and control groups. RESULTS: Reoperation due to bleeding complications among SSRI users was not significantly different (odds ratio [OR]: 1.14 (0.52-2.47); P = 0.75) compared to the control group. Other secondary outcomes and 30-day mortality (2.0% in SSRI vs 2.1% in control group; P = 0.92) between the 2 groups were similar. However, the adjusted total volume of postoperative red blood cell (RBC) units transfused was higher in the SSRI group. CONCLUSION: We conclude that there is no compelling evidence to limit the use of SSRIs among patients with coronary artery disease who undergo CABG given the current evidence. Further research may be needed on individual SSRI medications.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Xiong, GL; Jiang, W; Clare, RM; Shaw, LK; Smith, PK; O'Connor, CM; Ranga, K; Krishnan, R; Kristin Newby, L

Published Date

  • June 2010

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 33 / 6

Start / End Page

  • E94 - E98

PubMed ID

  • 20552618

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC6653610

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1932-8737

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/clc.20621


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States