Carol Dukes Hamilton
Professor Emeritus of Medicine

Carol Dukes Hamilton, MD, MHS is a Professor of Medicine, Emeritus, in the Infectious Diseases Division, Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center.  She has nearly 40 years of experience spanning clinical care, research, public health, and global leadership. She served as clinician and full-time faculty at Duke University Medical Center from 1991 until 2008, concentrating on outpatient and inpatient clinical care (HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis [TB], and routine infectious disease problems). She expanded the nascent Antibiotic Decision Support Team (ADST) and helped establish the Division’s research program in Dar es Salaam, and later Moshi, Tanzania. While at Duke, Dr. Hamilton led the North Carolina TB Control Program in Raleigh, from 2001-2008, serving as the TB Controller for the State.  After achieving Full Professor, with Tenure status at Duke, she was recruited to Family Health International (now FHI 360) to lead development of their TB research portfolio of work, and subsequently led all TB programmatic work as well, working in numerous countries in sub-Saharan Africa (primarily Zambia, Mozambique and Nigeria), and Asia (primarily China, Myanmar, Indonesia, Cambodia), while maintaining her Duke affiliation as a Consulting Professor.  She served in several leadership positions at FHI 360, including Director of Scientific Affairs in the largest unit, the Global Health, Population & Nutrition Group, where she oversaw the quality of research done globally in health and nutrition at the organization. Dr. Hamilton has over 100 peer-reviewed publications, mostly focused on HIV/AIDS, TB and the intersection between the two diseases.  Dr. Hamilton has won numerous awards including the CDC’s Charles C. Shepard Science Award (2012), the National TB Controllers Association’s Robert Koch Award (2012), the International TB Control Cooperation Award from the China Clinical Center on Tuberculosis and the National TB Society (2014), and the US CDC’s Fred Gordin TBTC award (2018).  She retired from FHI 360 in 2018, and is now Professor, Emeritus at Duke, providing mentoring and consultation at both Duke and FHI 360.


Key words: Tuberculosis; mycobacteria other than TB (MOTT); HIV/AIDS; HAART; genomics; global health; public health;

Current Appointments & Affiliations

Contact Information

  • 315 Trent Drive, Hanes House, Room 160, Durham, NC 27710
  • Duke Box 102359, Durham, NC 27710

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