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Edmund Malesky

Professor of Political Science
Political Science

Selected Publications


Methodological errors in corruption research: Recommendations for future research

Journal Article Journal of International Business Studies · March 1, 2024 The secretive, illegal, multidimensional, and ubiquitous nature of corruption leads to formidable difficulties in research design and measurement. When research fails to account for these challenges, it can lead to an empirical misalignment with concepts a ... Full text Open Access Cite

Testing the Drivers of Corporate Environmentalism in Vietnam

Journal Article Studies in Comparative International Development · March 1, 2024 What motivates private firms’ willingness to invest in green technologies and environmentally friendly operations? Some emphasize enhanced government regulation and enforcement, while others point to the greater potential of societal pressure. In this stud ... Full text Open Access Cite

Cultural Constraints and Policy Implementation: Effects of the Beijing License Plate Lottery on the Environment

Journal Article Quarterly Journal of Political Science · January 22, 2024 Can culture constrain policy implementation - and if so, under what conditions and for whom? In this paper, we test to what extent traditional values of numerology in China impeded the environmental benefits of a well-designed license plate policy. We take ... Full text Open Access Cite

Disaggregated defense spending: Introduction to data

Journal Article Journal of Peace Research · January 1, 2024 Theoretical and empirical research on causes and consequences of defense spending is plentiful. Most of this research uses ‘top line’ defense spending data, either as a share of GDP or as a raw monetary figure. Empirical research has been limited, however, ... Full text Open Access Cite

Facilitating Development: Evidence from a National-Level Experiment on Improving Bureaucratic Performance in Myanmar

Journal Article Journal of Politics · October 1, 2023 Despite strong theoretical foundations, randomized evaluations demonstrate that subnational performance assessments have a mixed record in improving governance. We suggest that a key factor influencing this disappointing result has been the omission of fac ... Full text Open Access Cite

Can Elections Motivate Responsiveness in a Single-Party Regime? Experimental Evidence from Vietnam

Journal Article American Political Science Review · May 8, 2023 A growing body of evidence attests that legislators are sometimes responsive to the policy preferences of citizens in single-party regimes, yet debate surrounds the mechanisms driving this relationship. We experimentally test two potential responsiveness m ... Full text Open Access Cite

Vietnam in 2022: Return to a Turbulent Normalcy

Journal Article Asian Survey · April 1, 2023 Vietnam in 2022 was beset with numerous dramatic political developments and diplomatic uncertainties but also recorded significant economic achievements. Changes in the top echelons of power took place in an unprecedented manner due to the intensifying ant ... Full text Open Access Cite

Do subnational performance assessments lead to improved governance? Evidence from a field experiment in Vietnam

Journal Article Fulbright Review of Economics and Policy · December 15, 2022 PurposeSingle-party regimes increasingly use Subnational Performance Assessments (SPAs) – rankings of provinces and districts – to improve governance outcomes. SPAs assemble and ... Full text Open Access Cite

The Effect of Government Repression on Civil Society: Evidence from Cambodia

Journal Article International Studies Quarterly · September 1, 2022 Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) are a core component of a robust civil society and operate in a wide variety of sectors, ranging from service delivery to political advocacy. However, research has yet to systematically investigate whether the impact of ... Full text Open Access Cite

Experimentally Estimating Safety in Numbers in a Single-Party Legislature

Journal Article Journal of Politics · July 1, 2022 This article builds on recent experimental work in the Vietnamese National Assembly to explore a critical qualification regarding responsiveness in authoritarian parliaments: delegates grow increasingly responsive as the number of peers possessing the same ... Full text Open Access Cite

Inequality and support for government responses to COVID-19.

Journal Article PloS one · January 2022 Despite a deep literature studying the impact of inequality on policy outcomes, there has been limited effort to bring these insights into the debates about comparative support for government responses to the COVID-19 pandemic. We fill this gap by analyzin ... Full text Open Access Cite

Fostering global value chains through international agreements: Evidence from Vietnam

Journal Article Economics and Politics · November 1, 2021 Which is more reassuring to foreign investors—domestic laws or international agreements? A substantial literature argues that foreign investment may be underprovided, because governments cannot offer credible guarantees that judicial institutions are impar ... Full text Open Access Cite

Labor upgrading and export market opportunities: Evidence from Vietnam

Journal Article Economics and Politics · November 1, 2021 We explore and provide an empirical assessment of an important mechanism by which global markets can motivate labor-related upgrading among developing country firms. New market opportunities, which result from exogenous shocks, can some producers to improv ... Full text Open Access Cite

Fish or steel? New evidence on the environment-economy trade-off in developing Vietnam

Journal Article World Development · November 1, 2021 Trade and investment have contributed to the improvement of living standards in developing countries, but have also put severe pressure on natural environments. How do citizens in low-income countries manage this trade-off between economic growth and envir ... Full text Open Access Cite

“Leakage” in international regulatory regimes: Did the OECD Anti-Bribery convention increase bribery?

Journal Article Quarterly Journal of Political Science · October 18, 2021 When do well-intended regulatory regimes have unintended consequences? We examine one obstacle to successful regulation, “regulatory leakage,” in the context of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention (ABC). Leakage occurs when regulated behavior decreases for ac ... Full text Open Access Cite

Testing legislator responsiveness to citizens and firms in single-party regimes: A field experiment in the vietnamese national assembly

Journal Article Journal of Politics · October 1, 2021 We investigate whether communicating constituents’ preferences to legislators increases the responsiveness of delegates to the Vietnamese National Assembly (VNA). Using a randomized control trial, we assign legislators to three groups: (1) those briefed on ... Full text Open Access Cite

Enhancing Research on Authoritarian Regimes through Detailed Comparisons of China and Vietnam

Journal Article Problems of Post-Communism · January 1, 2021 In exploring the role of factions, personalism, and legislative behavior in the two states, the three contributions in this issue dispense with the simplistic notion of a China or Vietnam “Model” of political economy, but instead explain the politics behin ... Full text Open Access Cite

The impact of local corruption on business tax registration and compliance: Evidence from Vietnam

Journal Article Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization · September 1, 2020 This paper studies how corruption affects two fundamental dimensions of a firm's tax compliance: the likelihood of tax registration (possession of a tax ID) and the tax compliance ratio (the ratio between the firm's tax payment and revenue). We explore a c ... Full text Open Access Cite

Methodological errors in corruption research: Recommendations for future research

Journal Article Journal of International Business Studies · March 1, 2024 The secretive, illegal, multidimensional, and ubiquitous nature of corruption leads to formidable difficulties in research design and measurement. When research fails to account for these challenges, it can lead to an empirical misalignment with concepts a ... Full text Open Access Cite

Testing the Drivers of Corporate Environmentalism in Vietnam

Journal Article Studies in Comparative International Development · March 1, 2024 What motivates private firms’ willingness to invest in green technologies and environmentally friendly operations? Some emphasize enhanced government regulation and enforcement, while others point to the greater potential of societal pressure. In this stud ... Full text Open Access Cite

Cultural Constraints and Policy Implementation: Effects of the Beijing License Plate Lottery on the Environment

Journal Article Quarterly Journal of Political Science · January 22, 2024 Can culture constrain policy implementation - and if so, under what conditions and for whom? In this paper, we test to what extent traditional values of numerology in China impeded the environmental benefits of a well-designed license plate policy. We take ... Full text Open Access Cite

Disaggregated defense spending: Introduction to data

Journal Article Journal of Peace Research · January 1, 2024 Theoretical and empirical research on causes and consequences of defense spending is plentiful. Most of this research uses ‘top line’ defense spending data, either as a share of GDP or as a raw monetary figure. Empirical research has been limited, however, ... Full text Open Access Cite

Facilitating Development: Evidence from a National-Level Experiment on Improving Bureaucratic Performance in Myanmar

Journal Article Journal of Politics · October 1, 2023 Despite strong theoretical foundations, randomized evaluations demonstrate that subnational performance assessments have a mixed record in improving governance. We suggest that a key factor influencing this disappointing result has been the omission of fac ... Full text Open Access Cite

Can Elections Motivate Responsiveness in a Single-Party Regime? Experimental Evidence from Vietnam

Journal Article American Political Science Review · May 8, 2023 A growing body of evidence attests that legislators are sometimes responsive to the policy preferences of citizens in single-party regimes, yet debate surrounds the mechanisms driving this relationship. We experimentally test two potential responsiveness m ... Full text Open Access Cite

Vietnam in 2022: Return to a Turbulent Normalcy

Journal Article Asian Survey · April 1, 2023 Vietnam in 2022 was beset with numerous dramatic political developments and diplomatic uncertainties but also recorded significant economic achievements. Changes in the top echelons of power took place in an unprecedented manner due to the intensifying ant ... Full text Open Access Cite

Do subnational performance assessments lead to improved governance? Evidence from a field experiment in Vietnam

Journal Article Fulbright Review of Economics and Policy · December 15, 2022 PurposeSingle-party regimes increasingly use Subnational Performance Assessments (SPAs) – rankings of provinces and districts – to improve governance outcomes. SPAs assemble and ... Full text Open Access Cite

The Effect of Government Repression on Civil Society: Evidence from Cambodia

Journal Article International Studies Quarterly · September 1, 2022 Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) are a core component of a robust civil society and operate in a wide variety of sectors, ranging from service delivery to political advocacy. However, research has yet to systematically investigate whether the impact of ... Full text Open Access Cite

Experimentally Estimating Safety in Numbers in a Single-Party Legislature

Journal Article Journal of Politics · July 1, 2022 This article builds on recent experimental work in the Vietnamese National Assembly to explore a critical qualification regarding responsiveness in authoritarian parliaments: delegates grow increasingly responsive as the number of peers possessing the same ... Full text Open Access Cite

Inequality and support for government responses to COVID-19.

Journal Article PloS one · January 2022 Despite a deep literature studying the impact of inequality on policy outcomes, there has been limited effort to bring these insights into the debates about comparative support for government responses to the COVID-19 pandemic. We fill this gap by analyzin ... Full text Open Access Cite

Fostering global value chains through international agreements: Evidence from Vietnam

Journal Article Economics and Politics · November 1, 2021 Which is more reassuring to foreign investors—domestic laws or international agreements? A substantial literature argues that foreign investment may be underprovided, because governments cannot offer credible guarantees that judicial institutions are impar ... Full text Open Access Cite

Labor upgrading and export market opportunities: Evidence from Vietnam

Journal Article Economics and Politics · November 1, 2021 We explore and provide an empirical assessment of an important mechanism by which global markets can motivate labor-related upgrading among developing country firms. New market opportunities, which result from exogenous shocks, can some producers to improv ... Full text Open Access Cite

Fish or steel? New evidence on the environment-economy trade-off in developing Vietnam

Journal Article World Development · November 1, 2021 Trade and investment have contributed to the improvement of living standards in developing countries, but have also put severe pressure on natural environments. How do citizens in low-income countries manage this trade-off between economic growth and envir ... Full text Open Access Cite

“Leakage” in international regulatory regimes: Did the OECD Anti-Bribery convention increase bribery?

Journal Article Quarterly Journal of Political Science · October 18, 2021 When do well-intended regulatory regimes have unintended consequences? We examine one obstacle to successful regulation, “regulatory leakage,” in the context of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention (ABC). Leakage occurs when regulated behavior decreases for ac ... Full text Open Access Cite

Testing legislator responsiveness to citizens and firms in single-party regimes: A field experiment in the vietnamese national assembly

Journal Article Journal of Politics · October 1, 2021 We investigate whether communicating constituents’ preferences to legislators increases the responsiveness of delegates to the Vietnamese National Assembly (VNA). Using a randomized control trial, we assign legislators to three groups: (1) those briefed on ... Full text Open Access Cite

Enhancing Research on Authoritarian Regimes through Detailed Comparisons of China and Vietnam

Journal Article Problems of Post-Communism · January 1, 2021 In exploring the role of factions, personalism, and legislative behavior in the two states, the three contributions in this issue dispense with the simplistic notion of a China or Vietnam “Model” of political economy, but instead explain the politics behin ... Full text Open Access Cite

The impact of local corruption on business tax registration and compliance: Evidence from Vietnam

Journal Article Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization · September 1, 2020 This paper studies how corruption affects two fundamental dimensions of a firm's tax compliance: the likelihood of tax registration (possession of a tax ID) and the tax compliance ratio (the ratio between the firm's tax payment and revenue). We explore a c ... Full text Open Access Cite

The effect of market competition on bribery in emerging economies: An empirical analysis of Vietnamese firms

Journal Article World Development · July 1, 2020 Studies of firm bribery have not fully examined how market competition conditions the effects of social norms on firms’ bribe payments. We suggest that firms pay bribes to obtain abnormal rents and/or to conform to accepted rules of corruption. These motiv ... Full text Open Access Cite

Single-Party Incumbency Advantage in Vietnam: A Conjoint Survey Analysis of Public Electoral Support

Journal Article Journal of East Asian Studies · March 1, 2020 Why do voters in single-party regimes express support for the ruling party in such large numbers? Scholars offer three sets of explanations: 1) Support is manipulated by regime leaders or falsified by frightened voters; 2) Support is due to genuine popular ... Full text Open Access Cite

SVAY: A Khmer Village in Cambodia

Journal Article PACIFIC AFFAIRS · 2020 Open Access Cite

Globalization and state capitalism: Assessing Vietnam's accession to the WTO

Journal Article Journal of International Economics · July 1, 2019 What do state-owned enterprises (SOEs) do? How do they respond to market incentives? Can we expect substantial efficiency gains from trade liberalization in economies with a strong presence of SOEs? Using a new dataset of Vietnamese firms we document a set ... Full text Open Access Cite

How do firms feel about participation by their peers in the regulatory design process? An online survey experiment testing the substantive change and spillover mechanisms

Journal Article Strategy Science · June 1, 2019 This paper examines two concerns with calls for increased participation by firms in the government design of regulations in emerging markets. First, given the profit maximization goals of firms, can the benefits of business participation be realized withou ... Full text Open Access Cite

“Consultation and Selective Censorship in China"

Journal Article Journal of Politics · 2019 Featured Publication Open Access Cite

Firm growth and corruption: Empirical evidence from Vietnam

Journal Article Economic Journal · January 1, 2019 This article tests whether firm growth reduces corruption, using data from over 10,000 Vietnamese firms. We employ instrumental variables based on growth in a firm’s industry in other provinces within Vietnam and in China. We find that firm growth reduces ... Full text Open Access Cite

Researching Vietnamese PoliticsA Comment on “Malesky vs. Fforde”

Journal Article Journal of Vietnamese Studies · October 31, 2018 Featured Publication Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Chains of Love? Global Production and the Firm-Level Diffusion of Labor Standards

Journal Article American Journal of Political Science · July 1, 2018 Featured Publication Under what conditions does the global economy serve as a means for the diffusion of labor standards and practices? We anticipate variation among internationally engaged firms in their propensity to improve labor standards. Upgrading is most likely when a f ... Full text Open Access Cite

Incentives to pander: How politicians use corporate welfare for political gain

Book · March 15, 2018 Featured Publication Policies targeting individual companies for economic development incentives, such as tax holidays and abatements, are generally seen as inefficient, economically costly, and distortionary. Despite this evidence, politicians still choose to use these polici ... Full text Cite

Nonstate Actors and Compliance with International Agreements: An Empirical Analysis of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention

Journal Article International Organization · January 1, 2018 Featured Publication International relations scholarship has made great progress on the study of compliance with international agreements. While persuasive, most of this work has focused on states' de jure compliance decisions, largely excluding the de facto behavior of nonsta ... Full text Open Access Cite

How China Escaped the Poverty Trap.

Journal Article PERSPECTIVES ON POLITICS · December 1, 2017 Open Access Link to item Cite

The danger of not listening to firms: Government responsiveness and the goal of regulatory compliance

Journal Article Academy of Management Journal · October 1, 2017 Featured Publication Firms in emerging economies exhibit dangerously low rates of compliance with government regulations aimed at protecting society from the negative externalities of their operations. This study builds on individual-level theories from organizational behavior ... Full text Open Access Cite

The continent or the "grand large"? Strategic culture and operational burden-sharing in NATO

Journal Article International Studies Quarterly · March 1, 2017 We argue that NATO allies exhibiting more "Atlanticist" strategic cultures allocate a greater share of their defense resources to Alliance priorities than those exhibiting "Europeanist" strategic cultures. Our analysis builds on policy discussions regardin ... Full text Open Access Cite

China's governance puzzle: Enabling transparency and participation in a single-party state

Book · February 27, 2017 Featured Publication China is widely viewed as a global powerhouse that has achieved a remarkable economic transformation with little political change. Less well known is that China's leaders have also implemented far-reaching governance reforms designed to promote government ... Full text Cite

The Road Ahead

Chapter · 2017 Cite

Can Results-Free Review Reduce Publication Bias? The Results and Implications of a Pilot Study

Journal Article Comparative Political Studies · November 1, 2016 Featured Publication In 2015, Comparative Political Studies embarked on a landmark pilot study in research transparency in the social sciences. The editors issued an open call for submissions of manuscripts that contained no mention of their actual results, incentivizing revie ... Full text Open Access Cite

Manipulating elites

Chapter · December 22, 2015 Full text Cite

Transfer pricing and global poverty

Journal Article International Studies Review · December 1, 2015 Transfer pricing will require the emergence of an international institution, a global agreement that guards against the race to the bottom by standardizing treatment of MNCs by developing countries. Without an international solution, developing countries w ... Full text Open Access Cite

The impact of governance and transparency on firm investment in Vietnam

Journal Article Economics of Transition · October 1, 2015 Featured Publication A large literature asserts a causal relationship between the quality of economic governance and economic performance. However, attempts to establish such a link at an aggregate level have met with considerable methodological criticism. This paper seeks to ... Full text Open Access Cite

Competing for global capital or local voters? The politics of business location incentives

Journal Article Public Choice · August 11, 2015 The competition for global capital has led to interjurisdictional competition between countries, states and cities as to who can offer the most attractive incentives to firms. In this study, we examine the domestic politics of this competition by focusing ... Full text Open Access Cite

Monopoly Money: Foreign Investment and Bribery in Vietnam, a Survey Experiment

Journal Article American Journal of Political Science · April 1, 2015 Featured Publication Prevailing work argues that foreign investment reduces corruption, either by competing down monopoly rents or diffusing best practices of corporate governance. We argue that the mechanisms generating this relationship are not clear because the extant empir ... Full text Open Access Cite

Vietnam in 2014: Uncertainty and opportunity in the wake of the HS-981 crisis

Journal Article Asian Survey · February 1, 2015 The May 2014 entry of a Chinese deep-water oil rig into Vietnamese waters deeply shocked Vietnam. This yearend article chronicles the impact of the controversial action on (1) power struggles among elite politicians, (2) alterations in foreign policy orien ... Full text Open Access Cite

Pass the Bucks: Credit, Blame, and the Global Competition for Investment

Journal Article International Studies Quarterly · September 1, 2014 Both countries and subnational governments commonly engage in competition for mobile capital, offering generous incentives to attract investment. Existing economics research has suggested that these tax incentives have a limited ability to affect investmen ... Full text Open Access Cite

The impact of recentralization on public services: A difference-in- differences analysis of the abolition of elected councils in vietnam

Journal Article American Political Science Review · January 1, 2014 Featured Publication Comparative political economy offers a wealth of hypotheses connecting decentralization to improved public service delivery. In recent years, influential formal and experimental work has begun to question the underlying theory and empirical analyses of pre ... Full text Open Access Cite

The political economy of development in china and Vietnam

Journal Article Annual Review of Political Science · January 1, 2014 Featured Publication Two theories predominate in discussions of why China and Vietnam have, over the past three decades, achieved such rapid economic growth. The first argues that their startling performance can be explained by economic factors associated with late industriali ... Full text Open Access Cite

Vietnam in 2013: Single-party politics in the internet age

Journal Article Asian Survey · January 1, 2014 This essay reviews Vietnamese politics in 2013 through the lens of the constitutional drafting process and the unprecedented confidence vote in the National Assembly. Both events were framed by the country's ongoing economic struggles, elite political cont ... Full text Open Access Cite

Interest Group Politics

Chapter · August 29, 2013 Full text Cite

Star Search: Do Elections Help Nondemocratic Regimes Identify New Leaders?

Journal Article Journal of East Asian Studies · 2013 A commonly proffered theory to explain the use of elections in authoritarian regimes is that they help identify talented young leaders who can be groomed for leadership positions. Unfortunately, due to the difficulties of obtaining data in authoritarian se ... Open Access Cite

Unbundling the Relationship between Authoritarian Legislatures and Political Risk

Journal Article British Journal of Politics · 2013 A growing literature demonstrates a strong statistical association between the presence of legislative opposition in authoritarian regimes and investment. This finding has been interpreted as evidence that authoritarian legislatures constrain executive de ... Open Access Cite

The Effect of Interest Rate Subsidies on Firm Performance and Investment Behavior during Economic Recession: Evidence from Vietnam

Journal Article Journal of Asian Economics · 2013 This paper aims to quantitatively evaluate the microeconomic consequences of the four percent interest rate subsidy program – the main component of the Vietnamese government’s economic stimulus package in 2009¬, which was intended assist recovery from the ... Open Access Cite

Politics and foreign direct investment

Book · December 1, 2012 For decades, free trade was advocated as the vehicle for peace, prosperity, and democracy in an increasingly globalized market. More recently, the proliferation of foreign direct investment has raised questions about its impact upon local economies and pol ... Cite

Power-Sharing in Post-Conflict Societies: Implications for Peace and Governance

Journal Article Journal of Conflict Resolution · December 2012 Which components of power sharing contribute to the duration of peace and what explains the linkages between institutional design and stability? The authors argue that certain types of political power sharing are associated with more durable peace than oth ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Interest Group Politics

Chapter · November 27, 2012 Full text Cite

The Adverse Effects of Sunshine: A Field Experiment on Legislative Transparency in an Authoritarian Assembly.

Journal Article American Political Science Review · November 2012 Featured Publication An influential literature has demonstrated that legislative transparency can improve the performance of parliamentarians in democracies. In a democracy, the incentive for improved performance is created by voters’ responses to newly available information. ... Full text Open Access Cite

Nodding or Needling: Analyzing Delegate Responsiveness in an Authoritarian Parliament

Journal Article American Political Science Review · August 2012 Featured Publication Open Access Link to item Cite

The single-party dictator's dilemma: Information in elections without opposition

Journal Article Legislative Studies Quarterly · November 1, 2011 The literature on authoritarian institutions points to nationwide elections as a mechanism for learning about the preferences of citizens. In using elections in this way, however, authoritarians face a trade-off between gathering reliable information and g ... Full text Open Access Cite

Institutions and inequality in single-party regimes a comparative analysis of vietnam and China

Journal Article Comparative Politics · January 1, 2011 Featured Publication Despite the fact that China and Vietnam have been the world's two fastest growing economies over the past two decades,their income inequality patterns are very different. An examination of the political institutions in the two countries shows that profound ... Full text Open Access Cite

FDI Incentives Pay – Politically

Journal Article Vale Columbia FDI Perspectives · June 2010 Open Access Link to item Cite

The Contribution of Veto Players to Economic Reform

Journal Article Journal of Politics · 2010 Featured Publication Open Access Link to item Cite

Vietnam Provincial Competitiveness Index 2009

Journal Article Vietnam Competitiveness Initiative Policy Paper · December 1, 2009 Cite

Where is credit due? Legal institutions, connections, and the efficiency of bank lending in vietnam

Journal Article Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization · October 1, 2009 Rapid development of the domestic private sector in communist China and Vietnam has been offered as evidence against a large literature that claims a solid legal infrastructure is required for the financial sector to contribute to economic development. One ... Full text Cite

Foreign Investors: Agents of Economic Transition. An Instrumental Variables Analysis

Journal Article Quarterly Journal of Political Science · 2009 Featured Publication Open Access Link to item Cite

Where is Credit Due? Companies, Banks, and Locally Differentiated Investment Growth in Vietnam

Journal Article Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization · December 2008 Link to item Cite

Paint-by-Numbers Democracy: The Stakes, Structure, and Results of the 2007 Vietnamese National Assembly Election

Journal Article Journal of Vietnamese Studies · August 1, 2008 Featured Publication Open Access Cite

The Vietnam War

Chapter · 2008 Covers scholarship and fields that have emerged and matured since the publication of the original international edition. ... Cite

Vietnam Provincial Competitiveness Index 2008

Journal Article Vietnam Competitiveness Initiative Policy Paper · 2008 Cite

Straight Ahead on Red: How Foreign Direct Investment Empowers Subnational Leaders

Journal Article Journal of Politics · 2008 Featured Publication Link to item Cite

Vietnam Provincial Competitiveness Index 2007

Journal Article Vietnam Competitiveness Initiative Policy Paper · December 31, 2007 Cite

Vietnam Provincial Competitiveness Index 2006

Journal Article Vietnam Competitiveness Initiative Policy Paper · 2006 Cite

The Vietnam Provincial Competitiveness Index 2005

Journal Article Vietnam Competitiveness Initiative Policy Paper · December 1, 2005 Cite

Entrepreneurs on the Periphery: A Study of Private Sector Development in Vietnam's Periphery Provinces.

Journal Article International Finance Corporation Private Sector Discussion Papers · 2004 Link to item Cite