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Janet W Lee

Assistant Professor of Head and Neck Surgery & Communication Sciences
Pediatric Otolaryngology
DUMC Box 3805, Durham, NC 27710
40 Duke Medicine Circle, DUMC Box 3805, Durham, NC 27710

Selected Publications


Neurologic Dysphagia.

Journal Article Otolaryngol Clin North Am · April 24, 2024 Dysphagia is commonly associated with neurologic/neuromuscular disorders including prematurity, cerebral palsy, traumatic brain injury, brain tumors, genetic disorders, and neuromuscular diseases. This article aims to review the major categories of neurolo ... Full text Link to item Cite

Language Patterns in Letters of Recommendation for Residency Applicants in Otolaryngology.

Journal Article Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg · March 2024 OBJECTIVE: Assess for gender and race patterns in agentic and communal language used in letters of recommendation for Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery (OHNS) residency applicants. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective content analysis. SETTING: Applications from ... Full text Link to item Cite

"The President's Syndrome": The Diagnosis and Treatment of Gerald Ford's Lingual Actinomycosis.

Journal Article Am Surg · November 2023 Gerald R. Ford was the 38th president of the United States. He was appointed as vice president by Richard Nixon in 1974 upon the resignation of Spiro T. Agnew. In the midst of the Watergate Crisis, Nixon resigned making Ford the only president to serve wit ... Full text Link to item Cite

Predictive Factors in Identifying Pediatric Patients at Risk of Diagnostically Limited Videofluoroscopic Swallow Studies.

Journal Article Ear Nose Throat J · October 26, 2023 Objective: Videofluoroscopic swallow studies (VFSS) are highly effective in characterizing pediatric dysphagia, but they are time- and resource-intensive, and necessitate the use of radiation. Identifying patients unlikely to benefit from VFSS is crucial t ... Full text Link to item Cite

Pediatrics - Embryology, General Pediatric Otolaryngology, Congenital Syndromes, Pediatric Airway and Esophagology, Pediatric Otology and Cochlear Implants

Chapter · July 16, 2023 This is an ideal guide for ENT specialists, and specifically those studying for board exams. This new edition is a high-yield review that is an ideal study guide for the ENT in-service and board exams. ... Cite

A Systematic Review on the Association Between Vestibular Dysfunction and Balance Performance in Children With Hearing Loss.

Journal Article Ear Hear · 2022 OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to understand the functional impact of vestibular dysfunction on balance control in children with hearing loss. The vestibular system is an important contributor to maintaining balance. In adults, vestibular dysf ... Full text Link to item Cite

Vestibular Dysfunction and Gross Motor Milestone Acquisition in Children With Hearing Loss: A Systematic Review.

Journal Article Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg · October 2021 OBJECTIVE: To describe the impact of vestibular dysfunction on gross motor development in children with hearing loss. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE (PubMed), Embase (Elsevier), Web of Science (Clarivate), and the Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Liter ... Full text Link to item Cite

Bilateral Selective Laryngeal Reinnervation for Bilateral Vocal Fold Paralysis in Children.

Journal Article JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg · May 1, 2020 IMPORTANCE: Bilateral vocal fold paralysis (BVFP) in pediatric patients is a challenging entity with multiple causes. Traditional approaches to managing BVFP include tracheostomy, arytenoidectomy, suture lateralization, cordotomy, and posterior cricoid enl ... Full text Link to item Cite

Children with Cleft Palate: Predictors of Otologic Issues in the First 10 Years.

Journal Article Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg · May 2019 OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the characteristics of children with cleft palate associated with persistent otologic issues in the first 10 years of life. STUDY DESIGN: Case series with chart review. SETTING: Single academic center. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Children ... Full text Link to item Cite

Intraoperative ultrasound-guided retrieval of an extraluminal pharyngoesophageal foreign body.

Journal Article Ear Nose Throat J · July 2018 Pharyngoesophageal foreign bodies (FBs) are common otolaryngologic problems, but challenging cases cause significant patient and surgeon frustration. Extraluminal migration of an FB from the pharynx or esophagus is rare and usually necessitates external ne ... Full text Link to item Cite

Marginal versus segmental mandibulectomy for pediatric desmoid fibromatosis of the mandible - Two case reports and review of the literature.

Journal Article Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol · June 2018 Desmoid fibromatosis (DF) is a rare, benign soft tissue neoplasm with high rate of local recurrence. Surgical management of DF in the head and neck can be challenging given the desire to balance the preservation of form and function with the need to minimi ... Full text Link to item Cite

Prevalence of Renal and Cervical Vertebral Anomalies in Patients With Isolated Microtia and/or Aural Atresia.

Journal Article Cleft Palate Craniofac J · November 2017 OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine whether patients with isolated microtia or aural atresia have an increased prevalence of renal or cervical vertebral anomalies. DESIGN: The study design was a retrospective medical record review. SETT ... Full text Link to item Cite

Third branchial cleft anomalies

Journal Article Operative Techniques in Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery · September 1, 2017 Third branchial cleft anomalies are rare congenital abnormalities with a complicated anatomical course. The traditional standard of treatment is complete open excision of the entire tract, but newer endoscopic and combined approaches are becoming more comm ... Full text Cite

Subjective Assessment of Videofluoroscopic Swallow Studies.

Journal Article Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg · May 2017 Objective The videofluoroscopic swallow study (VFSS) is the gold standard diagnostic tool to evaluate oropharyngeal dysphagia. Although objective measurements on VFSS have been described, there is no universal method of analysis, and the majority of clinic ... Full text Link to item Cite

Velopharyngeal Insufficiency

Chapter · October 7, 2016 Formatted like the bestselling "Pasha" (Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery) pocket guide, this text provides a condensed amount of high-yield information with a multidisciplinary approach to bring a broader range of insight into complex ... ... Cite

Impact of depression and anxiety on the quality of life of constipated patients.

Journal Article J Clin Psychol Med Settings · March 2013 Constipation negatively affects quality of life (QOL), however, the specific mechanisms through which this relationship occurs are unclear. The present study examined anxiety and depression as potential mediators of the relationship between constipation se ... Full text Link to item Cite

A randomized controlled trial of anorectal biofeedback for constipation.

Journal Article Int J Colorectal Dis · April 2012 PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were: (1) to examine the efficacy of anorectal biofeedback (AB) for constipation compared to a biofeedback control (BC) treatment and (2) to examine the extent to which self-reported childhood sexual/physical abuse predi ... Full text Link to item Cite

Gender-specific differences in pelvic organ function after proctectomy for inflammatory bowel disease.

Journal Article Dis Colon Rectum · January 2011 BACKGROUND: Significant concern exists regarding the effect of proctectomy on sexual function in patients with IBD. Little is known about gender-specific differences. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine sexual function and quality of life in men and wom ... Full text Link to item Cite

A valid and reliable measure of constipation-related quality of life.

Journal Article Dis Colon Rectum · August 2009 PURPOSE: Few existing measures assess constipation-specific quality of life. This study sought to develop a valid and reliable quality-of-life measure for constipation. METHODS: First, we created a preliminary instrument that assessed quality-of-life domai ... Full text Link to item Cite