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Jason F Luck

Assistant Research Professor in the Department of Biomedical Engineering
Biomedical Engineering

Selected Publications


Head Impact Telemetry System's Video-based Impact Detection and Location Accuracy.

Journal Article Medicine and science in sports and exercise · October 2020 PurposeThis study aimed to quantify the Head Impact Telemetry (HIT) System's impact detection and location measurement accuracy using an impact biomechanics data set paired with video of high school football special teams plays.MethodsThe ... Full text Cite

The response of the pediatric head to impacts onto a rigid surface.

Journal Article Journal of biomechanics · August 2019 The study of pediatric head injury relies heavily on the use of finite element models and child anthropomorphic test devices (ATDs). However, these tools, in the context of pediatric head injury, have yet to be validated due to a paucity of pediatric head ... Full text Cite

The role of cervical muscles in mitigating concussion.

Journal Article Journal of science and medicine in sport · June 2019 ObjectivesIncreased neck strength has been hypothesized to lower sports related concussion risk, but lacks experimental evidence. The goal is to investigate the role cervical muscle strength plays in blunt impact head kinematics and the biofidelit ... Full text Cite

Dynamic Response and Residual Helmet Liner Crush Using Cadaver Heads and Standard Headforms.

Journal Article Annals of biomedical engineering · March 2017 Biomechanical headforms are used for helmet certification testing and reconstructing helmeted head impacts; however, their biofidelity and direct applicability to human head and helmet responses remain unclear. Dynamic responses of cadaver heads and three ... Full text Cite

Effect of neck musculature on head kinematic response following blunt impact

Conference Conference proceedings International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury, IRCOBI · January 1, 2017 Increased neck musculature has been hypothesized to lower the risk of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), but this lacks experimental evidence. Here, it was hypothesized that due to low initial coupling between the head and cervical spine and the low momen ... Cite

Bandwidth and sample rate requirements for wearable head impact sensors.

Journal Article Journal of biomechanics · September 2016 Wearable inertial sensors measure human head impact kinematics important to the on-going development and validation of head injury criteria. However, sensor specifications have not been scientifically justified in the context of the anticipated field impac ... Full text Cite

Effect of the mandible on mouthguard measurements of head kinematics.

Journal Article Journal of biomechanics · June 2016 Wearable sensors are becoming increasingly popular for measuring head motions and detecting head impacts. Many sensors are worn on the skin or in headgear and can suffer from motion artifacts introduced by the compliance of soft tissue or decoupling of hea ... Full text Cite

The compressive stiffness of human pediatric heads.

Journal Article Journal of biomechanics · November 2015 Head injury is a persistent and costly problem for both children and adults. Globally, approximately 10 million people are hospitalized each year for head injuries. Knowing the structural properties of the head is important for modeling the response of the ... Full text Cite

Validation of a skin-mounted sensor for measuring in-vivo head impacts

Conference 2015 IRCOBI Conference Proceedings - International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury · January 1, 2015 Cite

The response of the adult and ATD heads to impacts onto a rigid surface.

Journal Article Accident; analysis and prevention · November 2014 Given the high incidence of TBI, head injury has been studied extensively using both cadavers and anthropomorphic test devices (ATDs). However, few studies have benchmarked the response of ATD heads against human data. Hence, the objective of this study is ... Full text Cite

Pediatric head and neck dynamics in frontal impact: analysis of important mechanical factors and proposed neck performance corridors for 6- and 10-year-old ATDs.

Journal Article Traffic injury prevention · January 2014 ObjectiveTraumatic injuries are the leading cause of death of children aged 1-19 in the United States and are principally caused by motor vehicle collisions, with the head being the primary region injured. The neck, though not commonly injured, go ... Full text Cite

Compressive mechanical properties of the perinatal, neonatal and pediatric cervical spine

Conference 2013 IRCOBI Conference Proceedings - International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury · January 1, 2013 Quantifying the biomechanical response of the pediatric cervical spine is a fundamental step in improving our understanding of the genesis of pediatric neck injuries and determining the influence of neck response on head trauma. Pediatric cervical spine bi ... Cite

Tensile failure properties of the perinatal, neonatal, and pediatric cadaveric cervical spine.

Journal Article Spine (Phila Pa 1976) · January 1, 2013 STUDY DESIGN: Biomechanical tensile testing of perinatal, neonatal, and pediatric cadaveric cervical spines to failure. OBJECTIVE: To assess the tensile failure properties of the cervical spine from birth to adulthood. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Pediatric ... Full text Link to item Cite

Importance of muscle activations for biofidelic pediatric neck response in computational models.

Journal Article Traffic injury prevention · January 2013 ObjectiveDuring dynamic injury scenarios, such as motor vehicle crashes, neck biomechanics contribute to head excursion and acceleration, influencing head injuries. One important tool in understanding head and neck dynamics is computational modeli ... Full text Cite

Impact properties of adult and ATD heads

Conference 2012 IRCOBI Conference Proceedings - International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury · October 29, 2012 Traumatic brain injury (TBI) causes 1.1 million trips to the hospital each year in the US, with 235,000 of these injuries requiring admissions. Given the importance of TBI, head injury has been studied extensively using both cadavers and anthropomorphic te ... Cite

Experimental Injury Biomechanics of the Pediatric Neck

Chapter · August 14, 2012 In addition to the text, a companion archive will include valuable information and tools to assist in the identification of gaps in research and future research directions.This living document will be regularly updated with current research ... ... Full text Cite

An apparatus for tensile and bending tests of perinatal, neonatal, pediatric and adult cadaver osteoligamentous cervical spines.

Journal Article Journal of biomechanics · January 2012 Investigations of biomechanical properties of pediatric cadaver cervical spines subjected to tensile or bending modes of loading are generally limited by a lack of available tissue and limiting sample sizes, both per age and across age ranges. It is theref ... Full text Cite

Expansion and evaluation of data characterizing the structural behavior of the pediatric abdomen

Journal Article Annals of advances in automotive medicine / Annual Scientific Conference ... Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine. Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine. Scientific Conference · January 1, 2010 Despite the importance of abdominal injuries in children involved in motor vehicle collisions, only two papers have reported experimental data quantifying the pediatric abdominal response to belt loading. One developed and characterized a porcine model of ... Cite

Expansion and evaluation of data characterizing the structural behavior of the pediatric abdomen.

Conference Annals of advances in automotive medicine. Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine. Annual Scientific Conference · January 2010 Despite the importance of abdominal injuries in children involved in motor vehicle collisions, only two papers have reported experimental data quantifying the pediatric abdominal response to belt loading. One developed and characterized a porcine model of ... Cite

Head Impact Telemetry System's Video-based Impact Detection and Location Accuracy.

Journal Article Medicine and science in sports and exercise · October 2020 PurposeThis study aimed to quantify the Head Impact Telemetry (HIT) System's impact detection and location measurement accuracy using an impact biomechanics data set paired with video of high school football special teams plays.MethodsThe ... Full text Cite

The response of the pediatric head to impacts onto a rigid surface.

Journal Article Journal of biomechanics · August 2019 The study of pediatric head injury relies heavily on the use of finite element models and child anthropomorphic test devices (ATDs). However, these tools, in the context of pediatric head injury, have yet to be validated due to a paucity of pediatric head ... Full text Cite

The role of cervical muscles in mitigating concussion.

Journal Article Journal of science and medicine in sport · June 2019 ObjectivesIncreased neck strength has been hypothesized to lower sports related concussion risk, but lacks experimental evidence. The goal is to investigate the role cervical muscle strength plays in blunt impact head kinematics and the biofidelit ... Full text Cite

Dynamic Response and Residual Helmet Liner Crush Using Cadaver Heads and Standard Headforms.

Journal Article Annals of biomedical engineering · March 2017 Biomechanical headforms are used for helmet certification testing and reconstructing helmeted head impacts; however, their biofidelity and direct applicability to human head and helmet responses remain unclear. Dynamic responses of cadaver heads and three ... Full text Cite

Effect of neck musculature on head kinematic response following blunt impact

Conference Conference proceedings International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury, IRCOBI · January 1, 2017 Increased neck musculature has been hypothesized to lower the risk of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), but this lacks experimental evidence. Here, it was hypothesized that due to low initial coupling between the head and cervical spine and the low momen ... Cite

Bandwidth and sample rate requirements for wearable head impact sensors.

Journal Article Journal of biomechanics · September 2016 Wearable inertial sensors measure human head impact kinematics important to the on-going development and validation of head injury criteria. However, sensor specifications have not been scientifically justified in the context of the anticipated field impac ... Full text Cite

Effect of the mandible on mouthguard measurements of head kinematics.

Journal Article Journal of biomechanics · June 2016 Wearable sensors are becoming increasingly popular for measuring head motions and detecting head impacts. Many sensors are worn on the skin or in headgear and can suffer from motion artifacts introduced by the compliance of soft tissue or decoupling of hea ... Full text Cite

The compressive stiffness of human pediatric heads.

Journal Article Journal of biomechanics · November 2015 Head injury is a persistent and costly problem for both children and adults. Globally, approximately 10 million people are hospitalized each year for head injuries. Knowing the structural properties of the head is important for modeling the response of the ... Full text Cite

Validation of a skin-mounted sensor for measuring in-vivo head impacts

Conference 2015 IRCOBI Conference Proceedings - International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury · January 1, 2015 Cite

The response of the adult and ATD heads to impacts onto a rigid surface.

Journal Article Accident; analysis and prevention · November 2014 Given the high incidence of TBI, head injury has been studied extensively using both cadavers and anthropomorphic test devices (ATDs). However, few studies have benchmarked the response of ATD heads against human data. Hence, the objective of this study is ... Full text Cite

Pediatric head and neck dynamics in frontal impact: analysis of important mechanical factors and proposed neck performance corridors for 6- and 10-year-old ATDs.

Journal Article Traffic injury prevention · January 2014 ObjectiveTraumatic injuries are the leading cause of death of children aged 1-19 in the United States and are principally caused by motor vehicle collisions, with the head being the primary region injured. The neck, though not commonly injured, go ... Full text Cite

Compressive mechanical properties of the perinatal, neonatal and pediatric cervical spine

Conference 2013 IRCOBI Conference Proceedings - International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury · January 1, 2013 Quantifying the biomechanical response of the pediatric cervical spine is a fundamental step in improving our understanding of the genesis of pediatric neck injuries and determining the influence of neck response on head trauma. Pediatric cervical spine bi ... Cite

Tensile failure properties of the perinatal, neonatal, and pediatric cadaveric cervical spine.

Journal Article Spine (Phila Pa 1976) · January 1, 2013 STUDY DESIGN: Biomechanical tensile testing of perinatal, neonatal, and pediatric cadaveric cervical spines to failure. OBJECTIVE: To assess the tensile failure properties of the cervical spine from birth to adulthood. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Pediatric ... Full text Link to item Cite

Importance of muscle activations for biofidelic pediatric neck response in computational models.

Journal Article Traffic injury prevention · January 2013 ObjectiveDuring dynamic injury scenarios, such as motor vehicle crashes, neck biomechanics contribute to head excursion and acceleration, influencing head injuries. One important tool in understanding head and neck dynamics is computational modeli ... Full text Cite

Impact properties of adult and ATD heads

Conference 2012 IRCOBI Conference Proceedings - International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury · October 29, 2012 Traumatic brain injury (TBI) causes 1.1 million trips to the hospital each year in the US, with 235,000 of these injuries requiring admissions. Given the importance of TBI, head injury has been studied extensively using both cadavers and anthropomorphic te ... Cite

Experimental Injury Biomechanics of the Pediatric Neck

Chapter · August 14, 2012 In addition to the text, a companion archive will include valuable information and tools to assist in the identification of gaps in research and future research directions.This living document will be regularly updated with current research ... ... Full text Cite

An apparatus for tensile and bending tests of perinatal, neonatal, pediatric and adult cadaver osteoligamentous cervical spines.

Journal Article Journal of biomechanics · January 2012 Investigations of biomechanical properties of pediatric cadaver cervical spines subjected to tensile or bending modes of loading are generally limited by a lack of available tissue and limiting sample sizes, both per age and across age ranges. It is theref ... Full text Cite

Expansion and evaluation of data characterizing the structural behavior of the pediatric abdomen

Journal Article Annals of advances in automotive medicine / Annual Scientific Conference ... Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine. Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine. Scientific Conference · January 1, 2010 Despite the importance of abdominal injuries in children involved in motor vehicle collisions, only two papers have reported experimental data quantifying the pediatric abdominal response to belt loading. One developed and characterized a porcine model of ... Cite

Expansion and evaluation of data characterizing the structural behavior of the pediatric abdomen.

Conference Annals of advances in automotive medicine. Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine. Annual Scientific Conference · January 2010 Despite the importance of abdominal injuries in children involved in motor vehicle collisions, only two papers have reported experimental data quantifying the pediatric abdominal response to belt loading. One developed and characterized a porcine model of ... Cite

The onset of structural yield during tensile loading increases with age in the pediatric PMHS cervical spine

Conference Proceedings of the ASME Summer Bioengineering Conference 2009, SBC2009 · December 1, 2009 Full text Cite

Pediatric Thoracoabdominal Biomechanics

Conference SAE Technical Papers · November 2, 2009 No experimental data exist quantifying the force-deformation behavior of the pediatric chest when subjected to non-impact, dynamic loading from a diagonal belt or a distributed loading surface. Kent et al., (2006) previously published juvenile abdominal re ... Full text Cite

Pediatric thoracoabdominal biomechanics.

Journal Article Stapp car crash journal · November 2009 No experimental data exist quantifying the force-deformation behavior of the pediatric chest when subjected to non-impact, dynamic loading from a diagonal belt or a distributed loading surface. Kent et al. (2006) previously published juvenile abdominal res ... Full text Cite

Tension and combined tension-extension structural response and tolerance properties of the human male ligamentous cervical spine.

Journal Article J Biomech Eng · August 2009 Tensile loading of the human cervical spine results from noncontact inertial loading of the head as well as mandibular and craniofacial impacts. Current vehicle safety standards include a neck injury criterion based on beam theory that uses a linear combin ... Full text Link to item Cite

Tensile Mechanical Properties of the Perinatal and Pediatric PMHS Osteoligamentous Cervical Spine

Conference SAE Technical Papers · November 3, 2008 Pediatric cervical spine biomechanics have been under-researched due to the limited availability of pediatric post-mortem human subjects (PMHS). Scaled data based on human adult and juvenile animal studies have been utilized to augment the limited pediatri ... Full text Cite

Tensile mechanical properties of the perinatal and pediatric PMHS osteoligamentous cervical spine.

Journal Article Stapp car crash journal · November 2008 Pediatric cervical spine biomechanics have been under-researched due to the limited availability of pediatric post-mortem human subjects (PMHS). Scaled data based on human adult and juvenile animal studies have been utilized to augment the limited pediatri ... Full text Cite

Flexion and extension structural properties and strengths for male cervical spine segments.

Journal Article J Biomech · 2007 New vehicle safety standards are designed to limit the amount of neck tension and extension seen by out-of-position motor vehicle occupants during airbag deployments. The criteria used to assess airbag injury risk are currently based on volunteer data and ... Full text Link to item Cite

Mechanical properties and anthropometry of the human infant head.

Journal Article Stapp car crash journal · November 2004 The adult head has been studied extensively and computationally modeled for impact, however there have been few studies that attempt to quantify the mechanical properties of the pediatric skull. Likewise, little documentation of pediatric anthropometry exi ... Full text Cite

The human cervical spine in tension: effects of frame and fixation compliance on structural responses.

Journal Article Traffic injury prevention · June 2004 There is little data available on the responses of the human cervical spine to tensile loading. Such tests are mechanistically and technically challenging due to the variety of end conditions that need to be imposed and the difficulty of strong specimen fi ... Full text Cite

Comparative strengths and structural properties of the upper and lower cervical spine in flexion and extension.

Journal Article J Biomech · June 2002 The purpose of this study is to test the hypothesis that the upper cervical spine is weaker than the lower cervical spine in pure flexion and extension bending, which may explain the propensity for upper cervical spine injuries in airbag deployments. An ad ... Full text Link to item Cite

Interstitial hydraulic conductivity in a fibrosarcoma.

Journal Article Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol · December 2000 Convective transport of therapeutic agents in solid tumors can be improved through intratumoral infusion. To optimize the convection, we investigated the dependence of the hydraulic conductivity on tissue deformation induced by interstitial fluid pressure ... Full text Link to item Cite

Pressure and temperature-dependence of the hydraulic conductivity in a fibrosarcoma

Conference Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology - Proceedings · December 1, 1999 Intratumor infusion has been used to deliver therapeutic agents to tumor cells. The distribution volume of infused agents depends on the hydraulic conductivity (K) in tumors, which may vary with the infusion pressure. Therefore, we quantified K in a rat fi ... Cite