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Subhrendu K. Pattanayak

Oak Foundation Distinguished Professor of Environmental and Energy Policy
Sanford School of Public Policy
Box 90312, Durham, NC 27708-0312
124 Rubenstein Hall, Box 90312, Durham, NC 27708-0312

Selected Publications


Mitigating agricultural residue burning: challenges and solutions across land classes in Punjab, India

Journal Article Environmental Research: Food Systems · June 1, 2024 AbstractIndia faces significant air quality challenges, contributing to local health and global climate concerns. Despite a national ban on agricultural residue burning and various incentive schemes, farmers ... Full text Cite

Social setting, gender, and preferences for improved sanitation: Evidence from experimental games in rural India

Journal Article World Development · May 1, 2024 Unimproved sanitation and hygiene practices present a persistent threat to public health and well-being. Increasing the adoption of safe hygiene and sanitation requires both technological investments as well as behavioral change, suggesting that social con ... Full text Cite

Forest Fires, Smoky Kitchens, and Human Health in Indonesia

Journal Article Environmental and Resource Economics · January 1, 2024 Burning tropical forests to establish lucrative agricultural crops ignores potentially important health externalities of the resulting air pollution. These health externalities are often poorly understood, especially if other environmental hazards, such as ... Full text Cite

Estimating Lost Dividends from Incomplete Energy Access Transitions

Journal Article Journal of Benefit-Cost Analysis · January 1, 2024 Energy access is often considered a catalyst for development. Yet, the binary classification of household electrification misses important variation in service quality and in how households use electricity. To examine the benefits of household electrificat ... Full text Cite

Frameworks, methods and evidence connecting modern domestic energy services and gender empowerment

Journal Article Nature Energy · May 1, 2023 The world remains far from meeting Sustainable Development Goals 5 (gender equality) and 7 (universal access to modern energy). Energy access may empower women even as empowered women are more likely to adopt and use modern energy services. Such bidirectio ... Full text Cite

Gender empowerment and energy access: evidence from seven countries

Journal Article Environmental Research Letters · April 1, 2023 Gender equity is connected to modern energy services in many ways, but quantitative empirical work on these connections is limited. We examine the relationship between a multi-dimensional measure of women’s empowerment and access to improved cookstoves, cl ... Full text Cite

Introduction to the SETI special issue

Journal Article Resource and Energy Economics · April 1, 2023 Full text Cite

Effect of electricity price reform on households’ electricity consumption in urban Ethiopia

Journal Article Utilities Policy · December 1, 2022 Until recently, the price of electricity in Ethiopia was among the lowest in the world. Such low prices have contributed to a substantial financial deficit for the government-owned electric utility and led to a degradation in the quality of electricity ser ... Full text Cite

Air quality valuation using online surveys in three Asian megacities

Journal Article Resources, Environment and Sustainability · December 1, 2022 Due to worsening air quality across many cities in developing countries, there is an urgent need to consider more aggressive air pollution control measures. Valuation of the benefits of clean air is crucial for establishing the rationale for such policies, ... Full text Cite

Pre-paid meters and household electricity use behaviors: Evidence from Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Journal Article Energy Policy · November 1, 2022 In low-income countries such as Ethiopia, pre-paid metering is often argued to alleviate several challenges with traditional electricity billing systems, including high non-payment rate, pilferage and fraud, administrative and enforcement costs for utiliti ... Full text Cite

COVID-19, public health messaging, and sanitation and hygiene practices in rural India

Journal Article Journal of Water Sanitation and Hygiene for Development · November 1, 2022 Despite the importance of safe sanitation and hygiene for sustainable development and public health, approximately half of India’s rural population lacks access to safely managed sanitation. Policies prioritizing improved sanitation access have accelerated ... Full text Cite

Space matters: reducing energy disparity in Nepal through spatially equitable renewable energy subsidies

Journal Article Environmental Research Communications · October 1, 2022 Affordability is a major barrier to the adoption of clean energy technologies in low-income countries, which is partly why many governments provide subsidies to offset some of the upfront (installation) costs. However, simple administrative rules might not ... Full text Cite

Sustaining latrine use: Peers, policies, and sanitation behaviors

Journal Article Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization · August 1, 2022 One third of the world's population lacks access to improved sanitation facilities with ramifications for health, human well-being, and economic development. Although household latrines offer a relatively cheap technological solution, initiatives for unive ... Full text Cite

Speaking from experience: Preferences for cooking with biogas in rural India

Journal Article Energy Economics · March 1, 2022 Biogas has the potential to satisfy the clean energy needs of millions of households in under-served and energy-poor rural areas, while reducing both private and social costs linked to (i) fuels for household cooking, (ii) fertilizers, (iii) pressure on fo ... Full text Cite

Time-varying pricing may increase total electricity consumption: Evidence from Costa Rica

Journal Article Resource and Energy Economics · November 1, 2021 We study the implementation of a time-varying pricing (TVP) program by a major electricity utility in Costa Rica. Because of particular features of the data, we use recently developed understanding of the two-way fixed effects differences-in-differences es ... Full text Cite

Do improved cookstoves save time and improve gender outcomes? Evidence from six developing countries

Journal Article Energy Economics · October 1, 2021 Three billion people around the world lack access to affordable and reliable clean cooking energy. The case for clean energy has largely been built around health and or environmental benefits, neglecting potentially sizeable benefit(s): when households hav ... Full text Cite

Households' valuation of power outages in major cities of Ethiopia: An application of stated preference methods

Journal Article Energy Economics · October 1, 2021 In many developing countries, electricity consumers experience frequent supply interruptions, leading to high coping costs and stifled investment, which contribute to energy poverty. In 2019, we implemented stated preference experiments to estimate househo ... Full text Cite

The effectiveness of protected areas in the context of decentralization

Journal Article World Development · June 1, 2021 While protected areas (PA) remain a key conservation strategy globally, their performance is likely shaped by the socio-political context in which they exist. Although decentralization is a good example of such a contextual phenomenon in multiple locations ... Full text Cite

The enabling environment for household solar adoption: A systematic review

Journal Article World Development Perspectives · March 1, 2021 The sheer scope of the global energy poverty challenge has motivated many organizations to promote off-grid solar energy for lighting, heating, and cooking needs around the world. However, the design and implementation of projects depends on the enabling e ... Full text Cite

A ‘middle way’ for Indonesian fires

Journal Article Nature Sustainability · February 1, 2021 Full text Cite

Mitigating agricultural residue burning: challenges and solutions across land classes in Punjab, India

Journal Article Environmental Research: Food Systems · June 1, 2024 AbstractIndia faces significant air quality challenges, contributing to local health and global climate concerns. Despite a national ban on agricultural residue burning and various incentive schemes, farmers ... Full text Cite

Social setting, gender, and preferences for improved sanitation: Evidence from experimental games in rural India

Journal Article World Development · May 1, 2024 Unimproved sanitation and hygiene practices present a persistent threat to public health and well-being. Increasing the adoption of safe hygiene and sanitation requires both technological investments as well as behavioral change, suggesting that social con ... Full text Cite

Forest Fires, Smoky Kitchens, and Human Health in Indonesia

Journal Article Environmental and Resource Economics · January 1, 2024 Burning tropical forests to establish lucrative agricultural crops ignores potentially important health externalities of the resulting air pollution. These health externalities are often poorly understood, especially if other environmental hazards, such as ... Full text Cite

Estimating Lost Dividends from Incomplete Energy Access Transitions

Journal Article Journal of Benefit-Cost Analysis · January 1, 2024 Energy access is often considered a catalyst for development. Yet, the binary classification of household electrification misses important variation in service quality and in how households use electricity. To examine the benefits of household electrificat ... Full text Cite

Frameworks, methods and evidence connecting modern domestic energy services and gender empowerment

Journal Article Nature Energy · May 1, 2023 The world remains far from meeting Sustainable Development Goals 5 (gender equality) and 7 (universal access to modern energy). Energy access may empower women even as empowered women are more likely to adopt and use modern energy services. Such bidirectio ... Full text Cite

Gender empowerment and energy access: evidence from seven countries

Journal Article Environmental Research Letters · April 1, 2023 Gender equity is connected to modern energy services in many ways, but quantitative empirical work on these connections is limited. We examine the relationship between a multi-dimensional measure of women’s empowerment and access to improved cookstoves, cl ... Full text Cite

Introduction to the SETI special issue

Journal Article Resource and Energy Economics · April 1, 2023 Full text Cite

Effect of electricity price reform on households’ electricity consumption in urban Ethiopia

Journal Article Utilities Policy · December 1, 2022 Until recently, the price of electricity in Ethiopia was among the lowest in the world. Such low prices have contributed to a substantial financial deficit for the government-owned electric utility and led to a degradation in the quality of electricity ser ... Full text Cite

Air quality valuation using online surveys in three Asian megacities

Journal Article Resources, Environment and Sustainability · December 1, 2022 Due to worsening air quality across many cities in developing countries, there is an urgent need to consider more aggressive air pollution control measures. Valuation of the benefits of clean air is crucial for establishing the rationale for such policies, ... Full text Cite

Pre-paid meters and household electricity use behaviors: Evidence from Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Journal Article Energy Policy · November 1, 2022 In low-income countries such as Ethiopia, pre-paid metering is often argued to alleviate several challenges with traditional electricity billing systems, including high non-payment rate, pilferage and fraud, administrative and enforcement costs for utiliti ... Full text Cite

COVID-19, public health messaging, and sanitation and hygiene practices in rural India

Journal Article Journal of Water Sanitation and Hygiene for Development · November 1, 2022 Despite the importance of safe sanitation and hygiene for sustainable development and public health, approximately half of India’s rural population lacks access to safely managed sanitation. Policies prioritizing improved sanitation access have accelerated ... Full text Cite

Space matters: reducing energy disparity in Nepal through spatially equitable renewable energy subsidies

Journal Article Environmental Research Communications · October 1, 2022 Affordability is a major barrier to the adoption of clean energy technologies in low-income countries, which is partly why many governments provide subsidies to offset some of the upfront (installation) costs. However, simple administrative rules might not ... Full text Cite

Sustaining latrine use: Peers, policies, and sanitation behaviors

Journal Article Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization · August 1, 2022 One third of the world's population lacks access to improved sanitation facilities with ramifications for health, human well-being, and economic development. Although household latrines offer a relatively cheap technological solution, initiatives for unive ... Full text Cite

Speaking from experience: Preferences for cooking with biogas in rural India

Journal Article Energy Economics · March 1, 2022 Biogas has the potential to satisfy the clean energy needs of millions of households in under-served and energy-poor rural areas, while reducing both private and social costs linked to (i) fuels for household cooking, (ii) fertilizers, (iii) pressure on fo ... Full text Cite

Time-varying pricing may increase total electricity consumption: Evidence from Costa Rica

Journal Article Resource and Energy Economics · November 1, 2021 We study the implementation of a time-varying pricing (TVP) program by a major electricity utility in Costa Rica. Because of particular features of the data, we use recently developed understanding of the two-way fixed effects differences-in-differences es ... Full text Cite

Do improved cookstoves save time and improve gender outcomes? Evidence from six developing countries

Journal Article Energy Economics · October 1, 2021 Three billion people around the world lack access to affordable and reliable clean cooking energy. The case for clean energy has largely been built around health and or environmental benefits, neglecting potentially sizeable benefit(s): when households hav ... Full text Cite

Households' valuation of power outages in major cities of Ethiopia: An application of stated preference methods

Journal Article Energy Economics · October 1, 2021 In many developing countries, electricity consumers experience frequent supply interruptions, leading to high coping costs and stifled investment, which contribute to energy poverty. In 2019, we implemented stated preference experiments to estimate househo ... Full text Cite

The effectiveness of protected areas in the context of decentralization

Journal Article World Development · June 1, 2021 While protected areas (PA) remain a key conservation strategy globally, their performance is likely shaped by the socio-political context in which they exist. Although decentralization is a good example of such a contextual phenomenon in multiple locations ... Full text Cite

The enabling environment for household solar adoption: A systematic review

Journal Article World Development Perspectives · March 1, 2021 The sheer scope of the global energy poverty challenge has motivated many organizations to promote off-grid solar energy for lighting, heating, and cooking needs around the world. However, the design and implementation of projects depends on the enabling e ... Full text Cite

A ‘middle way’ for Indonesian fires

Journal Article Nature Sustainability · February 1, 2021 Full text Cite

Willingness to pay to avoid flooding in Cuttack, India

Journal Article International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction · February 1, 2021 Flooding is a frequent natural disaster, which is predicted to intensify over time because of climate change. As more than half the world lives in urban spaces, flooding could devastate urban populations, especially if the infrastructure to cope with flood ... Full text Cite

Is energy the golden thread? A systematic review of the impacts of modern and traditional energy use in low- and middle-income countries

Journal Article Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews · January 1, 2021 Energy has been called the “golden thread” that connects economic growth, social equity and environmental sustainability, but important knowledge gaps exist on the impacts of low- and middle-income country energy interventions and transitions. This study o ... Full text Cite

Do Decentralized Community Treatment Plants Provide Clean Water? Evidence from Rural Andhra Pradesh, India AMI

Journal Article Land Economics · January 1, 2021 Though there is little evidence on its effectiveness, a decentralized community water system (CWS), such as a market-based kiosk, is thought to be appropriate where piped services are infeasible or unreliable. We assess changes in household behaviors, wate ... Full text Cite

Making incremental progress: Impacts of a REDD+ pilot initiative in Nepal

Journal Article Environmental Research Letters · October 1, 2020 Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) encompasses a range of incentives for developing countries to slow, halt and reverse forest loss and associated forest carbon emissions. Where there is high dependence on biomass energy, ... Full text Cite

Improved sanitation increases long-term cognitive test scores

Journal Article World Development · August 1, 2020 Poor sanitation has large negative impacts on environmental quality, health, and well-being. Sanitation infrastructure is particularly lacking in India, where in 2011, 66% of households did not own a toilet. Inadequate sanitation is a large contributor to ... Full text Cite

Adoption and impacts of improved biomass cookstoves in rural Rajasthan

Journal Article Energy for Sustainable Development · August 1, 2020 Biomass-burning improved cookstoves (ICS) are often seen as a promising intermediate technology solution along the path of household transition to cleaner cooking. This study reports on the results of an experimental evaluation of a carbon finance-enabled ... Full text Cite

Preferences and the effectiveness of behaviorchange interventions: Evidence from adoption of improved cookstoves in India

Journal Article Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists · March 1, 2020 Preference heterogeneity can influence behavior in economically significant ways, thereby influencing the effectiveness of environmental policies or interventions. We test this hypothesis in the context of efficient cooking technology in India. We use stat ... Full text Cite

Returns to rural electrification: Evidence from Bhutan

Journal Article World Development · September 1, 2019 Rural electrification (RE) is a core component of the Sustainable Development Goals and a major focal point of the global development community. Despite this focus, more than one billion people worldwide lack access to electricity, and electrification rate ... Full text Cite

Long-term impact of a community-led sanitation campaign in India, 2005-2016.

Journal Article Bulletin of the World Health Organization · August 2019 ObjectiveTo evaluate the long-term impact of a community-led total sanitation campaign in rural India.MethodsLocal organizations in Odisha state, India worked with researchers to evaluate a community-led total sanitation campaign, which a ... Full text Cite

Experimental evidence on promotion of electric and improved biomass cookstoves.

Journal Article Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America · July 2019 Improved cookstoves (ICS) can deliver "triple wins" by improving household health, local environments, and global climate. Yet their potential is in doubt because of low and slow diffusion, likely because of constraints imposed by differences in culture, g ... Full text Open Access Cite

Seeking natural capital projects: Forest fires, haze, and early-life exposure in Indonesia.

Journal Article Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America · March 2019 Natural capital will be depleted rapidly and excessively if the long-term, offsite impacts of depletion are ignored. By examining the case of tropical forest burning, we illustrate such myopia: Pursuit of short-term economic gains results in air pollution ... Full text Cite

Converting Forests to Farms: The Economic Benefits of Clearing Forests in Agricultural Settlements in the Amazon

Journal Article Environmental and Resource Economics · October 1, 2018 Agricultural expansion into tropical forests is believed to bring local economic benefits at the expense of global environmental costs. The resulting tension is reflected in Brazilian government policy. The national agrarian reform program has settled farm ... Full text Cite

NGOs and the effectiveness of interventions

Other WIDER Working Paper · May 31, 2018 Interventions in remote, rural settings face high transaction costs. We develop a model of household decision-making to evaluate how non-governmental organizations (NGOs) address these implementation-related challenges and influence intervention effectiven ... Open Access Link to item Cite

Response to Kabisch and Colleagues

Journal Article BioScience · March 1, 2018 Full text Cite

Role of membrane autopsy in enhancing reverse osmosis plant operation

Journal Article Water Practice and Technology · March 1, 2018 Reverse osmosis (RO) has successfully emerged as a broadly-used commercial water purification technology in recent decades. Nevertheless, RO membrane elements, the core component of this purification process, are frequently subjected to premature degradati ... Full text Cite

Performance benchmarking of polyamide composite sea water reverse osmosis membranes

Journal Article Water Practice and Technology · March 1, 2018 Standardization of reverse osmosis (RO) membrane system allows transparency and accountability in performance benchmarking of different membrane elements, especially when a new product is introduced to the market. In the current study, we compared performa ... Full text Cite

Implementation of policies to protect planetary health - Authors' reply.

Journal Article The Lancet. Planetary health · February 2018 Full text Cite

Through the looking glass: Environmental health economics in low and middle income countries

Journal Article Handbook of Environmental Economics · January 1, 2018 Human interactions with the environment can profoundly impact many outcomes – health being chief among them. While the nature of environmental risks changes across time and space, the burden of disease attributable to environmental risk hovers stubbornly a ... Full text Cite

Implementation of policies to protect planetary health.

Journal Article The Lancet. Planetary health · October 2017 Full text Cite

When, Where, and How Nature Matters for Ecosystem Services: Challenges for the Next Generation of Ecosystem Service Models

Journal Article BioScience · September 1, 2017 Many decision-makers are looking to science to clarify how nature supports human well-being. Scientists' responses have typically focused on empirical models of the provision of ecosystem services (ES) and resulting decision-support tools. Although such to ... Full text Cite

Adoption and use of a semi-gasifier cooking and water heating stove and fuel intervention in the Tibetan Plateau, China

Journal Article Environmental Research Letters · June 29, 2017 Improved cookstoves and fuels, such as advanced gasifier stoves, carry the promise of improving health outcomes, preserving local environments, and reducing climate-forcing air pollutants. However, low adoption and use of these stoves in many settings has ... Full text Cite

What are Households Willing to Pay for Improved Water Access? Results from a Meta-Analysis

Journal Article Ecological Economics · June 1, 2017 Although several factors contribute to low rates of access to improved water and sanitation in the developing world, it is especially important to understand and measure household demand for these services. One valuable source of information regarding dema ... Full text Open Access Cite

Explaining environmental health behaviors: Evidence from rural India on the influence of discount rates

Journal Article Environment and Development Economics · June 1, 2017 The authors examine whether high personal discount rates help explain why and which households in developing countries under-invest in seemingly low-cost options to avert environmental health threats, including bednets, clean cooking fuels, individual hous ... Full text Cite

Ecosystem change and human health: implementation economics and policy.

Journal Article Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences · June 2017 Several recent initiatives such as Planetary Health, EcoHealth and One Health claim that human health depends on flourishing natural ecosystems. However, little has been said about the operational and implementation challenges of health-oriented conservati ... Full text Open Access Cite

Costs, cobenefits, and community responses to REDD+: A case study from Nepal

Journal Article Ecology and Society · June 1, 2017 We examine the role of subnational institutions in carbon sequestration and assess whether community forest user groups can meet both existing forest needs and international carbon demand. By conducting a qualitative evaluation of a pilot program in Nepal ... Full text Cite

Water in development

Chapter · March 27, 2017 Cite

Building the evidence base for REDD+: Study design and methods for evaluating the impacts of conservation interventions on local well-being.

Journal Article Global environmental change : human and policy dimensions · March 2017 Climate change mitigation in developing countries is increasingly expected to generate co-benefits that help meet sustainable development goals. This has been an expectation and a hotly contested issue in REDD+ (reducing emissions from deforestation and fo ... Full text Cite

Biogas Stoves Reduce Firewood Use, Household Air Pollution, and Hospital Visits in Odisha, India.

Journal Article Environ Sci Technol · January 3, 2017 Traditional cooking using biomass is associated with ill health, local environmental degradation, and regional climate change. Clean stoves (liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), biogas, and electric) are heralded as a solution, but few studies have demonstrated ... Full text Link to item Cite

Implementation Science to Accelerate Clean Cooking for Public Health.

Journal Article Environmental health perspectives · January 2017 Full text Cite

Valuing Water Purification by Forests: An Analysis of Malaysian Panel Data

Journal Article Environmental and Resource Economics · May 1, 2016 Water purification might be the most frequently invoked example of an economically valuable ecosystem service, yet the impacts of upstream land use on downstream municipal water treatment costs remain poorly understood. This is especially true in developin ... Full text Cite

How much do alternative cookstoves reduce biomass fuel use? Evidence from North India

Journal Article Resource and Energy Economics · February 1, 2016 Despite widespread global efforts to promote clean cookstoves to achieve improvements in air and forest quality, and to reduce global climate change, surprisingly little is known about the degree to which these actually reduce biomass fuel consumption in r ... Full text Cite

Econometric Evidence on Forest Ecosystem Services: Deforestation and Flooding in Malaysia

Journal Article Environmental and Resource Economics · January 1, 2016 Governments around the world are increasingly invoking hydrological services, such as flood mitigation and water purification, as a justification for forest conservation programs in upstream areas. Yet, rigorous empirical evidence that these programs are a ... Full text Cite

Do protected areas reduce blue carbon emissions? A quasi-experimental evaluation of mangroves in Indonesia

Journal Article Ecological Economics · November 1, 2015 Mangroves provide multiple ecosystem services such as blue carbon sequestration, storm protection, and unique habitat for species. Despite these services, mangroves are being lost at rapid rates around the world. Using the best available biophysical and so ... Full text Cite

Preferences for improved cook stoves: Evidence from rural villages in north India

Journal Article Energy Economics · November 1, 2015 Because emissions from solid fuel burning in traditional stoves impact global climate change, the regional environment, and household health, there is today real interest in improved cook stoves (ICS). Nonetheless, surprisingly little is known about what h ... Full text Cite

The economics of household air pollution

Journal Article Annual Review of Resource Economics · October 5, 2015 Traditional energy technologies and consumer products contribute to household well-being in diverse ways but also often harm household air quality. We review the problem of household air pollution at a global scale, focusing particularly on the harmful eff ... Full text Cite

Nature's call: Impacts of sanitation choices in Orissa, India

Journal Article Economic Development and Cultural Change · October 1, 2015 A randomized intervention in Bhadrak district, Orissa, was conducted between 2005 and 2006. Bhadrak was chosen because it still had a sufficiently large number of blocks and villages where the government of India's existing Total Sanitation Campaign interv ... Full text Cite

Estimating the impacts of conservation on ecosystem services and poverty by integrating modeling and evaluation.

Journal Article Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America · June 2015 Scholars have made great advances in modeling and mapping ecosystem services, and in assigning economic values to these services. This modeling and valuation scholarship is often disconnected from evidence about how actual conservation programs have affect ... Full text Cite

National-level differences in the adoption of environmental health technologies: a cross-border comparison from Benin and Togo.

Journal Article Health policy and planning · March 2015 Environmental health problems such as malaria, respiratory infections, diarrhoea and malnutrition pose very high burdens on the poor rural people in much of the tropics. Recent research on key interventions-the adoption and use of relatively cheap and effe ... Full text Cite

Piloting improved cookstoves in India.

Journal Article Journal of health communication · January 2015 Despite the potential of improved cookstoves to reduce the adverse environmental and health impacts of solid fuel use, their adoption and use remains low. Social marketing-with its focus on the marketing mix of promotion, product, price, and place-offers a ... Full text Cite

Public health impacts of ecosystem change in the Brazilian Amazon

Journal Article Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences · 2015 Featured Publication The claim that nature delivers health benefits rests on a thin empirical evidence base. Even less evidence exists on how specific conservation policies affect multiple health outcomes. We address these gaps in knowledge by combining municipal-level panel d ... Full text Cite

Social and Environmental Impacts of Forest Management Certification in Indonesia.

Journal Article PloS one · January 2015 In response to unsustainable timber production in tropical forest concessions, voluntary forest management certification programs such as the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) have been introduced to improve environmental, social, and economic performance o ... Full text Cite

Do Payments Pay Off? Evidence from Participation in Costa Rica's PES Program.

Journal Article PloS one · January 2015 Payments for environmental services (PES) are often viewed as a way to simultaneously improve conservation outcomes and the wellbeing of rural households who receive the payments. However, evidence for such win-win outcomes has been elusive. We add to the ... Full text Cite

Estimating the Impacts of Local Policy Innovation: The Synthetic Control Method Applied to Tropical Deforestation.

Journal Article PloS one · January 2015 Quasi-experimental methods increasingly are used to evaluate the impacts of conservation interventions by generating credible estimates of counterfactual baselines. These methods generally require large samples for statistical comparisons, presenting a cha ... Full text Open Access Cite

Water and sanitation economics: Reflections on application to developing economies

Chapter · January 1, 2015 24 Water and sanitation economics: reflections on application to developing economies Dale Whittington and Subhrendu K. Pattanayak Introduction The careful application of economics to potable water supply and sanitation investments is difficult, a…. ... Full text Cite

Have We Managed to Integrate Conservation and Development? ICDP Impacts in the Brazilian Amazon

Journal Article World Development · December 1, 2014 Integrating conservation and development is central to the mission of many protected areas in the tropics, yet there is limited empirical evidence on the effectiveness of alternative strategies for ICDPs (Integrated Conservation and Development Projects). ... Full text Cite

Social marketing of water and sanitation products: a systematic review of peer-reviewed literature.

Journal Article Social science & medicine (1982) · June 2014 Like commercial marketing, social marketing uses the 4 "Ps" and seeks exchange of value between the marketer and consumer. Behaviors such as handwashing, and products such as those for oral rehydration treatment (ORT), can be marketed like commercial produ ... Full text Cite

How do people in rural India perceive improved stoves and clean fuel? Evidence from Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand.

Journal Article International journal of environmental research and public health · January 2014 Improved cook stoves (ICS) have been widely touted for their potential to deliver the triple benefits of improved household health and time savings, reduced deforestation and local environmental degradation, and reduced emissions of black carbon, a signifi ... Full text Cite

Water in Development

Chapter · January 1, 2014 Cite

More strictly protected areas are not necessarily more protective: Evidence from Bolivia, Costa Rica, Indonesia, and Thailand

Journal Article Environmental Research Letters · January 1, 2013 National parks and other protected areas are at the forefront of global efforts to protect biodiversity and ecosystem services. However, not all protection is equal. Some areas are assigned strict legal protection that permits few extractive human uses. Ot ... Full text Cite

Evaluation of biodiversity policy instruments: What works and what doesn't?

Journal Article Oxford Review of Economic Policy · October 1, 2012 We review and confirm the claim that credible evaluations of common conservation instruments continue to be rare. The limited set of rigorous studies suggests that protected areas cause modest reductions in deforestation; however, the evidence base for pay ... Full text Cite

Consumer preferences for household water treatment products in Andhra Pradesh, India.

Journal Article Soc Sci Med · August 2012 Over 5 billion people worldwide are exposed to unsafe water. Given the obstacles to ensuring sustainable improvements in water supply infrastructure and the unhygienic handling of water after collection, household water treatment and storage (HWTS) product ... Full text Link to item Cite

The effect of water quality testing on household behavior: evidence from an experiment in rural India.

Journal Article The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene · July 2012 How does specific information about contamination in a household's drinking water affect water handling behavior? We randomly split a sample of households in rural Andhra Pradesh, India. The treatment group observed a contamination test of the drinking wat ... Full text Cite

Who adopts improved fuels and cookstoves? A systematic review.

Journal Article Environmental health perspectives · May 2012 BackgroundThe global focus on improved cookstoves (ICSs) and clean fuels has increased because of their potential for delivering triple dividends: household health, local environmental quality, and regional climate benefits. However, ICS and clean ... Full text Cite

Do payments for environmental services affect forest cover? A farm-level evaluation from Costa Rica

Journal Article Land Economics · May 1, 2012 Payments for environmental services (PES) are popular despite little empirical evidence of their effectiveness. We estimate the impact of PES on forest cover in a region known for exemplary implementation of one of the best-known and longest-lived PES prog ... Full text Cite

Benefits and costs of improved cookstoves: assessing the implications of variability in health, forest and climate impacts.

Journal Article PLoS One · 2012 Current attention to improved cook stoves (ICS) focuses on the "triple benefits" they provide, in improved health and time savings for households, in preservation of forests and associated ecosystem services, and in reducing emissions that contribute to gl ... Full text Link to item Cite

Forest figures: Ecosystem services valuation and policy evaluation in developing countries

Journal Article Review of Environmental Economics and Policy · January 1, 2012 Full text Cite

Energy, Gender and Development: What are the Linkages? Where is the Evidence?

Journal Article World Bank Policy Research Working Paper · September 1, 2011 Cite

Do ICDPs work? An empirical evaluation of forest-based microenterprises in the Brazilian Amazon

Journal Article Land Economics · January 1, 2011 This paper evaluates public investments in forest-based microenterprises as part of an integrated conservation and development project (ICDP) in the Brazilian Amazon. We combine matching with regression to quantify the effects of program participation on h ... Full text Cite

Under-mining health: environmental justice and mining in India.

Journal Article Health & place · January 2011 Despite the potential for economic growth, extractive mineral industries can impose negative health externalities in mining communities. We estimate the size of these externalities by combining household interviews with mine location and estimating statist ... Full text Cite

Biodiversity Conservation and Child Malaria: Microeconomic Evidence from Flores, Indonesia

Journal Article Economic Research Initiatives at Duke Working Paper · November 18, 2010 Cite

Modeling fertilizer externalities around Palo Verde National Park, Costa Rica

Journal Article Agricultural Economics · November 1, 2010 Irrigated rice farming in Costa Rica involves use of agrochemicals that pollute important wetlands ecosystems, such as the Palo Verde National Park in the northeastern province of Guanacaste. We characterize rice farming in this region, apply duality theor ... Full text Cite

Mine over matter? Health, wealth and forests in a mining area of Orissa

Journal Article Indian Growth and Development Review · September 28, 2010 Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate whether mining can serve as a pathway for economic development despite the environmental externalities. The extensive literature on the “resource curse” phenomenon at the national level generally finds ... Full text Cite

Show me the money: Do payments supply environmental services in developing countries?

Journal Article Review of Environmental Economics and Policy · August 7, 2010 Many of the services supplied by nature are externalities. Economic theory suggests that some form of subsidy or contracting between the beneficiaries and the providers could result in an optimal supply of environmental services. Moreover, if the poor own ... Full text Cite

How valuable are environmental health interventions? Evaluation of water and sanitation programmes in India.

Journal Article Bulletin of the World Health Organization · July 2010 ObjectiveTo evaluate and quantify the economic benefits attributable to improvements in water supply and sanitation in rural India.MethodsWe combined propensity-score "pre-matching" and rich pre-post panel data on 9500 households in 242 v ... Full text Cite

Combining qualitative and quantitative methods to evaluate participation in costa rica's program of payments for environmental services

Journal Article Journal of Sustainable Forestry · December 2, 2009 The Costa Rican Program of Payments for Environmental Services provides financial compensation to forest owners for the environmental services generated by their forests. This program offers a unique opportunity to evaluate the impacts of direct incentive ... Full text Cite

Biodiversity loss affects global disease ecology

Journal Article BioScience · December 1, 2009 Changes in the type and prevalence of human diseases have occurred during shifts in human social organization, for example, from hunting and gathering to agriculture and with urbanization during the Industrial Revolution. The recent emergence and reemergen ... Full text Cite

Behavior, Environment, and Health in Developing Countries: Evaluation and Valuation

Journal Article Annual Review of Resource Economics · October 10, 2009 We consider health and environmental quality in developing countries, where limited resources constrain behaviors that combat enormously burdensome health challenges. We focus on four huge challenges that are preventable (i.e., are resolved in ric ... Full text Cite

Shame or subsidy revisited: Social mobilization for sanitation in Orissa, India

Journal Article Bulletin of World Health Organization · July 2009 Cite

An assessment of demand for improved household water supply in Southwest Sri Lanka

Chapter · January 1, 2009 The Asia-Pacific region accounts for about 57 per cent (635 million) of the global population without safe drinking water and 72 per cent (1.88 billion) of the global population without proper sanitation (UNDP, 2006). Even among the urban households which ... Full text Cite

Climate change and conservation in Brazil: CGE evaluation of health and wealth impacts

Journal Article B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis and Policy · January 1, 2009 Ecosystem services are public goods that frequently constitute the only source of capital for the poor, who lack political voice. As a result, provision of ecosystem services is sub-optimal and estimation of their values is complicated. We examine how econ ... Full text Cite

Combining revealed and stated preference data to estimate the nonmarket value of ecological services: An assessment of the state of the science

Journal Article Journal of Economic Surveys · November 20, 2008 This paper reviews the marketing, transportation and environmental economics literature on the joint estimation of revealed preference (RP) and stated preference (SP) data. The RP and SP approaches are first described with a focus on the strengths and weak ... Full text Cite

Farm economics of bird flu

Journal Article Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics · December 1, 2007 Outbreaks of infectious animal diseases represent a major threat to agriculture and can impose significant social and economic costs. The potential for devastating epidemics, such as the recent outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) in Asia, ... Full text Cite

Good practices for estimating reliable willingness-to-pay values in the water supply and sanitation sector

Journal Article ERD Technical Note Series · December 1, 2007 Beneficlarieś willingness-to-pay (WTP) estimatesprovide crucial information for designing water supply and sanitation (WSS) projects. Contingent valuation (CV) method is widely used to estimate WTP in WSS project preparation, and poor quality CV studies is ... Cite

Nature's care: Diarrhea, watershed protection, and biodiversity conservation in Flores, Indonesia

Journal Article Biodiversity and Conservation · September 1, 2007 Part of the puzzle surrounding biodiversity loss lies in an incomplete understanding of how humans value the functions and services that flow from biodiversity conservation projects. This paper takes a closer look at the links between the conservation of b ... Full text Cite

Valuing water quality improvements in the United States using meta-analysis: Is the glass half-full or half-empty for national policy analysis?

Journal Article Resource and Energy Economics · September 1, 2007 The literature estimating the economic value for water quality changes has grown considerably over the last 30 years, resulting in an expanded pool of information potentially available to support national and regional policy analysis. Using 131 willingness ... Full text Cite

Agricultural Household Response to Avian Influenza Prevention and Control Policies

Journal Article Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics · 2007 Cite

Farm Economics of Bird Flu

Journal Article Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics · 2007 Cite

Structural benefit transfer: An example using VSL estimates

Journal Article Ecological Economics · December 1, 2006 This paper describes and illustrates a method for benefits transfer referred to as preference calibration or structural benefits transfer. This approach requires selection of a preference model, capable of describing individual choices over a set of market ... Full text Cite

Willingness-to-pay and design of water supply and sanitation projects: A case study

Journal Article ERD Technical Note Series · December 1, 2006 Assistance of the Asian Development Bank in the water supply and sanitation (WSS) sector is predicted to increase. Improving demand assessments in project preparation is an identified need to enhance quality-at-entry. Using a case study, this paper demonst ... Cite

Shades of Green: Measuring the value of urban forests in the housing market

Journal Article Journal of Forest Economics · December 1, 2005 Urban areas can contain public parks, protected forests, unprotected (or undeveloped) forest areas, and trees growing around a house or in the neighborhood surrounding the house. Each type of forest cover provides different amenities to the homeowner and t ... Full text Cite

Spatial complementarity of forests and farms: Accounting for ecosystem services

Journal Article American Journal of Agricultural Economics · November 1, 2005 Our article considers the economic contributions of forest ecosystem services, using a case study from Flores, Indonesia, in which forest protection in upstream watersheds stabilize soil and hydrological flows in downstream farms. We focus on the demand fo ... Full text Cite

Water quality co-effects of greenhouse gas mitigation in U.S. agriculture

Journal Article Climatic Change · August 1, 2005 This study develops first-order estimates of water quality co-effects of terrestrial greenhouse gas (GHG) emission offset strategies in U.S. agriculture by linking a national level agricultural sector model (ASMGHG) to a national level water quality model ... Full text Cite

Rapid emplacement of the Kerguelen plume-related Sylhet Traps, eastern India: Evidence from 40Ar-39Ar geochronology

Journal Article Geophysical Research Letters · May 28, 2005 We report for the first time 40Ar-39Ar plateau ages for the Sylhet Traps of eastern India. Our results provide concordant ages for two samples, vertically separated by ∼200 m, from a tholeiite lava flow sequence. The ages are indistinguishable at 2σ confid ... Full text Cite

Coping with unreliable public water supplies: Averting expenditures by households in Kathmandu, Nepal

Journal Article Water Resources Research · February 1, 2005 This paper investigates two complementary pieces of data on households' demand for improved water services, coping costs and willingness to pay (WTP), from a survey of 1500 randomly sampled households in Kathmandu, Nepal. We evaluate how coping costs and W ... Full text Cite

Econometric studies of non-industrial private forest management: A review and synthesis

Journal Article Forest Policy and Economics · January 1, 2005 Forest policies and management increasingly rely on economic models to explain behaviors of landowners and to project forest outputs, inventories and land use. However, it is unclear whether the existing econometric models offer general conclusions concern ... Full text Cite

Valuing watershed services: Concepts and empirics from southeast Asia

Journal Article Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment · September 1, 2004 Few empirical studies have rigorously analyzed the downstream economic benefits of watershed protection to generate economic values of watershed services. By developing a conceptual framework and using household level economic and environmental data to ill ... Full text Cite

Forest forecasts: Does individual heterogeneity matter for market and landscape outcomes?

Journal Article Forest Policy and Economics · June 1, 2004 Recent econometric analyses have shown that timber supply choices reflect heterogeneous preferences for amenities and management of forests in the US South. However, this evidence is insufficient to determine whether timber market models that rely on conve ... Full text Cite

40Ar-39Ar age of a lava flow from the Bhimashankar Formation, Giravali Ghat, Deccan Traps

Journal Article Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Earth and Planetary Sciences · January 1, 2004 We report here a 40Ar-39Ar age of 66.0 ± 0.9 Ma (2σ) for a reversely magnetised tholeiitic lava flow from the Bhimashankar Formation (Fm.), Giravali Ghat, western Deccan province, India. This age is consistent with the view that the 1.8-2 km thick bottom p ... Full text Cite

Seeing the forest for the fuel

Journal Article Environment and Development Economics · January 1, 2004 We demonstrate a new approach to understanding the role of fuelwood in the rural household economy by applying insights from travel cost modeling to author-compiled household survey data and meso-scale environmental statistics from Ruteng Park in Flores, I ... Full text Open Access Cite

40Ar-39Ar age of a lava flow from the Bhimashankar Formation, Giravali Ghat, Deccan Traps

Journal Article Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Earth and Planetary Sciences · 2004 We report here a 40Ar-39Ar age of 66.0 ± 0.9 Ma (2σ) for a reversely magnetised tholeiitic lava flow from the Bhimashankar Formation (Fm.), Giravali Ghat, western Deccan province, India. This age is consistent with the view that the 1.8-2 km thick bottom p ... Cite

Taking stock of agroforestry adoption studies

Journal Article Agroforestry Systems · September 10, 2003 In light of the large number of empirical studies of agroforestry adoption published during the last decade, we believe it is time to take stock and identify general determinants of agroforestry adoption. In reviewing 120 articles on adoption of agricultur ... Full text Cite

VSL reconsidered: What do labor supply estimates reveal about risk preferences?

Journal Article Economics Letters · August 1, 2003 We propose and illustrate a theoretically consistent framework for linking estimates of the value of a statistical life (VSL) to individual preferences. Our example suggests a method for using estimates of the labor supply elasticity to impute a VSL estima ... Full text Cite

Policy innovations for private forest management and conservation in Costa Rica

Journal Article Journal of Forestry · July 1, 2003 Costa Rica is a leader in innovative forest conservation and management policies, including a program of direct payments to private forest landowners for environment services. This approach is widely advocated but rarely implemented, and thus the Costa Ric ... Cite

Evolution of the amba dongar carbonatite complex: Constraints from 40Ar-39Ar chronologies of the inner basalt and an alkaline plug

Journal Article International Geology Review · January 1, 2003 The Amba Dongar carbonatite-alkaline complex is one of several alkaline complexes present within the Chhota Udaipur subprovince of the Deccan flood basalt province, western India. Despite previous geochronological studies, the evolutionary history of this ... Full text Cite

How joint is joint forest production? An econometric analysis of timber supply conditional on endogenous amenity values

Journal Article Forest Science · August 1, 2002 In search of ways to enhance and sustain the flow of services from forests, policy makers in the public and private sectors look to forest sector models to project future forest uses. A major shortcoming of these models is a timber supply specification tha ... Cite

North Carolina's natural heritage program: A case for public-private cooperation

Journal Article Journal of Forestry · July 1, 2002 Voluntary conservation programs are an effective tool for recognizing and preserving the value of special places on private forestlands. We evaluate private landowner participation in the Natural Heritage Program of North Carolina, finding that landowners ... Cite

Is meta-analysis a Noah's Ark for non-market valuation?

Journal Article Environmental and Resource Economics · June 26, 2002 This paper describes meta-analytical methods as they have been applied to non-market valuation research. These studies have been used to review and synthesize literature and, more recently, in benefit transfer. This second use imposes a higher standard on ... Full text Cite

Private demand for a HIV/AIDS vaccine: evidence from Guadalajara, Mexico.

Journal Article Vaccine · June 7, 2002 The private demand for a hypothetical vaccine that would provide lifetime protection against HIV/AIDS to an uninfected adult was measured in Guadalajara, Mexico, using the concept of willingness to pay (WTP). A 91-question survey instrument was administere ... Full text Link to item Cite

Indexing soil conservation: Farmer Perceptions of Agroforestry Benefits

Journal Article Journal of Sustainable Forestry · May 21, 2002 Soil erosion poses economic and environmental concerns in many tropical uplands. Agroforestry has been proposed as a sustainable land use that can mitigate soil erosion and promote the economic welfare of small farmers. To evaluate such claims, we must (a) ... Full text Cite

Benefit transfer via preference calibration: "Prudential Algebra" for policy

Journal Article Land Economics · January 1, 2002 This paper proposes a new approach to benefit transfer. The method assumes a specific form for preferences and uses available benefit information to identify and calibrate the preference parameters to match the existing benefit estimates. This approach ass ... Full text Cite

Basalts of the Eastern Deccan Volcanic Province, India

Journal Article Gondwana Research · January 1, 2002 The Mandla lobe in the eastern part of the Deccan volcanic province represents an isolated lava pile having a thickness of-900 m.The large thickness of this lava pile and its spatial detachment from the western Deccan outcrop points to a plausible second s ... Full text Cite

Household demand for improved piped water services: Evidence from Kathmandu, Nepal

Journal Article Water Policy · January 1, 2002 We examine households' demand for improved water services in Kathmandu, Nepal, where the government is considering the possibility of involving the private sector in the operation of municipal water supply services. We surveyed a randomly selected sample o ... Full text Cite

Worth of watersheds: A producer surplus approach for valuing drought mitigation in Eastern Indonesia

Journal Article Environment and Development Economics · February 1, 2001 This study combines hydrological modeling with applied micro-econometric techniques to value a complex ecosystem service: drought mitigation provided by tropical forested watersheds to agrarian communities. Spatial variation in current base-flow allows est ... Full text Open Access Cite

Do tropical forests provide natural insurance? The microeconomics of non-timber forest product collection in the Brazilian Amazon

Journal Article Land Economics · January 1, 2001 Tropical forests may contribute to the well-being of local people by providing a form of "natural insurance." We draw on microeconomic theory to conceptualize a model relating agricultural risks to collection of non-timber forest products. Forest collectio ... Full text Cite

Gold grains in Fe-rich tholeiitic lava flows from amarkantakin the Eastern Deccan volcanic province, India

Journal Article Journal of the Geological Society of India · January 1, 2001 Disseminated microscopic gold grains, measuring 8-12 microns across and possessing a fineness of 950 to 960 have been observed in the quartz normative tholeiitic lava flows from the Amarkantak region of the Eastern Deccan Volcanic Province. High temperatur ... Cite

Clay mineralogy of Ir-bearing Anjar intertrappeans, Kutch, Gujarat, India: Inferences on palaeoenvironment

Journal Article Journal of the Geological Society of India · January 1, 2000 Clay mineral studies on the K/T boundary succession at Anjar, Kutch show smectite, sepiolite and palygorskite as its major clay mineral assemblage. There is a distinct variation in the clay mineralogy across the section with sepiolite and palygorskite domi ... Cite

Petrochemical studies on the epicentral region of the recent Jabalpur earthquake

Journal Article Current Science · October 25, 1999 We report presence of five physically distinct and chemically dissimilar basaltic lava flows in the Kosamghat, the epicentral region of the Jabalpur earthquake. The major shift (∼ 150 m) in the stratigraphic height of the fifth lava flow at the western fla ... Cite

Similarities in the mineralogical and geochemical attributes of detrital clays of Maastrichtian Lameta Beds and weathered Deccan basalt, Central India

Journal Article Chemical Geology · March 27, 1997 Mineralo-chemical attributes of the Maastrichtian (Late Cretaceous) Lameta sediments, intimately associated with the Deccan Traps in Central India, provide insight into the initiation of Deccan volcanism. X-ray diffraction studies on the detrital clays of ... Full text Cite

Economic and Ecological Analysis of Watershed Protection in Eastern Madagascar

Journal Article Journal of Environmental Management · 1997 Cite

Ecological and economic analysis of watershed protection in Eastern Madagascar

Journal Article Journal of Environmental Management · January 1, 1997 Watershed protection is one of the many goods and services provided by the world's fast disappearing tropical forests. Among the variety of watershed protection benefits, flood damage alleviation is crucial, particularly in upland watersheds. This study is ... Full text Cite

Composition of smectites in the Lameta sediments of central India: Implications for the commencement of Deccan volcanism

Journal Article Journal of the Geological Society of India · May 1, 1996 The studies on the structural formulae of smectites in the Lameta sediments indicate that they are rich in octahedral Fe, Mg and tetrahedral Al. Identical patterns of Mg, Fe and Al abundances in the octahedral and tetrahedral layers respectively, were also ... Cite

The Price of Purity: Willingness to pay for air and water purification technologies in Rajasthan, India

Journal Article Environmental and Resource Economics Diarrheal illnesses and acute respiratory infections are among the top causes for premature death and disability across the developing world, and adoption of various technologies for avoiding these illnesses remains extremely low. We exploit data from a un ... Full text Open Access Cite