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Defining a clinically meaningful effect for the design and interpretation of randomized controlled trials

Publication ,  Journal Article
Keefe, RSE; Kraemer, HC; Epstein, RS; Frank, E; Haynes, G; Laughren, TP; McNulty, J; Reed, SD; Sanchez, J; Leon, AC
Published in: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience
May 1, 2013

Objective: This article captures the proceedings of a meeting aimed at defining clinically meaningful effects for use in randomized controlled trials for psychopharmacological agents. Design: Experts from a variety of disciplines defined clinically meaningful effects from their perspectives along with viewpoints about how to design and interpret randomized controlled trials. Setting: The article offers relevant, practical, and sometimes anecdotal information about clinically meaningful effects and how to interpret them. Participants: The concept for this session was the work of co-chairs Richard Keefe and the late Andy Leon. Faculty included Richard Keefe, PhD; James McNulty, AbScB; Robert S. Epstein, MD, MS; Shelby D. Reed, PhD; Juan Sanchez, MD; Ginger Haynes, PhD; Andrew C. Leon, PhD; Helena Chmura Kraemer, PhD; Ellen Frank, PhD, and Kenneth L. Davis, MD. Results: The term clinically meaningful effect is an important aspect of designing and interpreting randomized controlled trials but can be particularly difficult in the setting of psychopharmacology where effect size may be modest, particularly over the short term, because of a strong response to placebo. Payers, regulators, patients, and clinicians have different concerns about clinically meaningful effects and may describe these terms differently. The use of moderators in success rate differences may help better delineate clinically meaningful effects. Conclusion: There is no clear consensus on a single definition for clinically meaningful differences in randomized controlled trials, and investigators must be sensitive to specific concerns of stakeholders in psychopharmacology in order to design and execute appropriate clinical trials.

Duke Scholars

Published In

Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience

EISSN

2158-8341

ISSN

2158-8333

Publication Date

May 1, 2013

Volume

10

Issue

5-6
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
NLM
Keefe, R. S. E., Kraemer, H. C., Epstein, R. S., Frank, E., Haynes, G., Laughren, T. P., … Leon, A. C. (2013). Defining a clinically meaningful effect for the design and interpretation of randomized controlled trials. Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience, 10(5–6).
Keefe, R. S. E., H. C. Kraemer, R. S. Epstein, E. Frank, G. Haynes, T. P. Laughren, J. McNulty, S. D. Reed, J. Sanchez, and A. C. Leon. “Defining a clinically meaningful effect for the design and interpretation of randomized controlled trials.” Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience 10, no. 5–6 (May 1, 2013).
Keefe RSE, Kraemer HC, Epstein RS, Frank E, Haynes G, Laughren TP, et al. Defining a clinically meaningful effect for the design and interpretation of randomized controlled trials. Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience. 2013 May 1;10(5–6).
Keefe, R. S. E., et al. “Defining a clinically meaningful effect for the design and interpretation of randomized controlled trials.” Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience, vol. 10, no. 5–6, May 2013.
Keefe RSE, Kraemer HC, Epstein RS, Frank E, Haynes G, Laughren TP, McNulty J, Reed SD, Sanchez J, Leon AC. Defining a clinically meaningful effect for the design and interpretation of randomized controlled trials. Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience. 2013 May 1;10(5–6).

Published In

Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience

EISSN

2158-8341

ISSN

2158-8333

Publication Date

May 1, 2013

Volume

10

Issue

5-6