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Examining the factor structure of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) in a post-9/11 U.S. military veteran sample.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Green, KT; Hayward, LC; Williams, AM; Dennis, PA; Bryan, BC; Taber, KH; Davidson, JRT; Beckham, JC; Calhoun, PS ...
Published in: Assessment
August 2014

The present study examined the structural validity of the 25-item Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) in a large sample of U.S. veterans with military service since September 11, 2001. Participants (N = 1,981) completed the 25-item CD-RISC, a structured clinical interview and a self-report questionnaire assessing psychiatric symptoms. The study sample was randomly divided into two subsamples: an initial sample (Sample 1: n = 990) and a replication sample (Sample 2: n = 991). Findings derived from exploratory factor analysis (EFA) did not support the five-factor analytic structure as initially suggested in Connor and Davidson's instrument validation study. Although parallel analyses indicated a two-factor structural model, we tested one to six factor solutions for best model fit using confirmatory factor analysis. Results supported a two-factor model of resilience, composed of adaptability- (8 items) and self-efficacy-themed (6 items) items; however, only the adaptability-themed factor was found to be consistent with our view of resilience-a factor of protection against the development of psychopathology following trauma exposure. The adaptability-themed factor may be a useful measure of resilience for post-9/11 U.S. military veterans.

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Published In

Assessment

DOI

EISSN

1552-3489

Publication Date

August 2014

Volume

21

Issue

4

Start / End Page

443 / 451

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Veterans
  • United States
  • Terrorism
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic
  • Resilience, Psychological
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Psychometrics
  • Male
  • Interview, Psychological
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
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Green, K. T., Hayward, L. C., Williams, A. M., Dennis, P. A., Bryan, B. C., Taber, K. H., … Calhoun, P. S. (2014). Examining the factor structure of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) in a post-9/11 U.S. military veteran sample. Assessment, 21(4), 443–451. https://doi.org/10.1177/1073191114524014
Green, Kimberly T., Laura C. Hayward, Ann M. Williams, Paul A. Dennis, Brandon C. Bryan, Katherine H. Taber, Katherine H. Mid-Atlantic Mental Illness Research, Education and Clinical Center Workgroup, Jonathan R. T. Davidson, Jean C. Beckham, and Patrick S. Calhoun. “Examining the factor structure of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) in a post-9/11 U.S. military veteran sample.Assessment 21, no. 4 (August 2014): 443–51. https://doi.org/10.1177/1073191114524014.
Green KT, Hayward LC, Williams AM, Dennis PA, Bryan BC, Taber KH, et al. Examining the factor structure of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) in a post-9/11 U.S. military veteran sample. Assessment. 2014 Aug;21(4):443–51.
Green, Kimberly T., et al. “Examining the factor structure of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) in a post-9/11 U.S. military veteran sample.Assessment, vol. 21, no. 4, Aug. 2014, pp. 443–51. Pubmed, doi:10.1177/1073191114524014.
Green KT, Hayward LC, Williams AM, Dennis PA, Bryan BC, Taber KH, Mid-Atlantic Mental Illness Research, Education and Clinical Center Workgroup, Davidson JRT, Beckham JC, Calhoun PS. Examining the factor structure of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) in a post-9/11 U.S. military veteran sample. Assessment. 2014 Aug;21(4):443–451.
Journal cover image

Published In

Assessment

DOI

EISSN

1552-3489

Publication Date

August 2014

Volume

21

Issue

4

Start / End Page

443 / 451

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Veterans
  • United States
  • Terrorism
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic
  • Resilience, Psychological
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Psychometrics
  • Male
  • Interview, Psychological