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The Relationship of Socioeconomic and Behavioral Risk Factors With Trends of Overweight in Korea.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Shin, JH; Dupre, ME; Østbye, T; Murphy, G; Silberberg, M
Published in: J Prev Med Public Health
November 2015

OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have shown that overweight (including obesity) has increased significantly in Korea in recent decades. However, it remains unclear whether this change has been uniform among all Koreans and to what extent socioeconomic and behavioral factors have contributed to this increase. METHODS: Changes in overweight were estimated using data from the 1998, 2001, 2005, 2007-2009, and 2010-2012 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (n=55 761). RESULTS: Overweight increased significantly among men but not among women between 1998 and 2012. Changes in socioeconomic and behavioral factors over the time period were not associated with overall trends for both men and women. However, we found significant differences in the prevalence of overweight relative to key risk factors. For men, overweight increased at a significantly greater rate among the non-exercising (predicted probability [PP] from 0.23 to 0.32] and high-calorie (PP from 0.18 to 0.37) groups compared to their active and lower-calorie counterparts, respectively. For women, overweight increased only among the non-exercising (PP from 0.27 to 0.28) and low-income (PP from 0.31 to 0.36) groups during this period. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that programs aimed at reducing overweight should target Korean men and women in specific socioeconomic and behavioral risk groups differentially.

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Published In

J Prev Med Public Health

DOI

EISSN

2233-4521

Publication Date

November 2015

Volume

48

Issue

6

Start / End Page

310 / 318

Location

Korea (South)

Related Subject Headings

  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Risk Factors
  • Republic of Korea
  • Prevalence
  • Overweight
  • Odds Ratio
  • Obesity
  • Nutrition Surveys
  • Middle Aged
  • Male
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
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Shin, J. H., Dupre, M. E., Østbye, T., Murphy, G., & Silberberg, M. (2015). The Relationship of Socioeconomic and Behavioral Risk Factors With Trends of Overweight in Korea. J Prev Med Public Health, 48(6), 310–318. https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.15.001
Shin, Jin Hee, Matthew E. Dupre, Truls Østbye, Gwen Murphy, and Mina Silberberg. “The Relationship of Socioeconomic and Behavioral Risk Factors With Trends of Overweight in Korea.J Prev Med Public Health 48, no. 6 (November 2015): 310–18. https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.15.001.
Shin JH, Dupre ME, Østbye T, Murphy G, Silberberg M. The Relationship of Socioeconomic and Behavioral Risk Factors With Trends of Overweight in Korea. J Prev Med Public Health. 2015 Nov;48(6):310–8.
Shin, Jin Hee, et al. “The Relationship of Socioeconomic and Behavioral Risk Factors With Trends of Overweight in Korea.J Prev Med Public Health, vol. 48, no. 6, Nov. 2015, pp. 310–18. Pubmed, doi:10.3961/jpmph.15.001.
Shin JH, Dupre ME, Østbye T, Murphy G, Silberberg M. The Relationship of Socioeconomic and Behavioral Risk Factors With Trends of Overweight in Korea. J Prev Med Public Health. 2015 Nov;48(6):310–318.

Published In

J Prev Med Public Health

DOI

EISSN

2233-4521

Publication Date

November 2015

Volume

48

Issue

6

Start / End Page

310 / 318

Location

Korea (South)

Related Subject Headings

  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Risk Factors
  • Republic of Korea
  • Prevalence
  • Overweight
  • Odds Ratio
  • Obesity
  • Nutrition Surveys
  • Middle Aged
  • Male