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Intergenerational effects of the Fast Track intervention on the home environment: A randomized control trial.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Rothenberg, WA; Lansford, JE; Godwin, JW; Dodge, KA; Copeland, WE; Odgers, CL; McMahon, RJ; Goulter, N; Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group,
Published in: J Child Psychol Psychiatry
May 2023

BACKGROUND: Maladaptive family environments harm child development and are passed across generations. Childhood interventions may break this intergenerational cycle by improving the family environments children form as adults. The present study investigates this hypothesis by examining follow-up data collected 18 years after the end of the childhood Fast Track intervention designed to prevent externalizing problems. METHODS: We examined whether Fast Track assignment from grades 1 to 10 prevented the emergence of maladaptive family environments at age 34. A total of 400 (n = 206 in intervention condition, n = 194 controls) Fast Track participants who were parents at age 34 were surveyed about 11 aspects of their current family environment. The hypotheses and analytic plan were preregistered at https://osf.io/dz9t5 and the Fast Track trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov (NCT01653535). RESULTS: Multiple group linear regression models revealed that mothers who participated in the Fast Track intervention as children had lower depression symptoms, alcohol problems, drug problems, corporal punishment use, and food insecurity compared to control group mothers. All effects were modest in magnitude. However, for these same mothers, the Fast Track intervention had no effect on cannabis problems, experiences of romantic partner violence, or maternal use of physical aggression or warmth with their children. Additionally, mothers in the Fast Track intervention group reported higher levels of family chaos than those in the control group, but this effect may be a byproduct of the higher number of children per household in the intervention group. No intervention effects were found for fathers who participated in the Fast Track intervention as children. CONCLUSIONS: Childhood assignment to Fast Track has some beneficial effects for girls, but not boys, on the family environments these individuals formed as adults 18 years later.

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Published In

J Child Psychol Psychiatry

DOI

EISSN

1469-7610

Publication Date

May 2023

Volume

64

Issue

5

Start / End Page

820 / 830

Location

England

Related Subject Headings

  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Parents
  • Mothers
  • Humans
  • Female
  • Developmental & Child Psychology
  • Child
  • Aggression
  • Adult
  • 5203 Clinical and health psychology
 

Citation

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ICMJE
MLA
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Rothenberg, W. A., Lansford, J. E., Godwin, J. W., Dodge, K. A., Copeland, W. E., Odgers, C. L., … Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group, . (2023). Intergenerational effects of the Fast Track intervention on the home environment: A randomized control trial. J Child Psychol Psychiatry, 64(5), 820–830. https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpp.13648
Rothenberg, William Andrew, Jennifer E. Lansford, Jennifer W. Godwin, Kenneth A. Dodge, William E. Copeland, Candice L. Odgers, Robert J. McMahon, Natalie Goulter, and Natalie Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group. “Intergenerational effects of the Fast Track intervention on the home environment: A randomized control trial.J Child Psychol Psychiatry 64, no. 5 (May 2023): 820–30. https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpp.13648.
Rothenberg WA, Lansford JE, Godwin JW, Dodge KA, Copeland WE, Odgers CL, et al. Intergenerational effects of the Fast Track intervention on the home environment: A randomized control trial. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2023 May;64(5):820–30.
Rothenberg, William Andrew, et al. “Intergenerational effects of the Fast Track intervention on the home environment: A randomized control trial.J Child Psychol Psychiatry, vol. 64, no. 5, May 2023, pp. 820–30. Pubmed, doi:10.1111/jcpp.13648.
Rothenberg WA, Lansford JE, Godwin JW, Dodge KA, Copeland WE, Odgers CL, McMahon RJ, Goulter N, Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group. Intergenerational effects of the Fast Track intervention on the home environment: A randomized control trial. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2023 May;64(5):820–830.
Journal cover image

Published In

J Child Psychol Psychiatry

DOI

EISSN

1469-7610

Publication Date

May 2023

Volume

64

Issue

5

Start / End Page

820 / 830

Location

England

Related Subject Headings

  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Parents
  • Mothers
  • Humans
  • Female
  • Developmental & Child Psychology
  • Child
  • Aggression
  • Adult
  • 5203 Clinical and health psychology