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Neutrons from a proton-driven deuterium target as a possible competitor to spallation for nuclear energy applications

Publication ,  Journal Article
Bowman, CD; Bowman, DC; Bilpuch, EG; Crowell, AS; Howell, CR; McCabe, K; Smith, GA; Tonchev, AP; Tornow, W; Vylet, V; Walter, RL
Published in: Nuclear Science and Engineering
January 1, 2009

Measurements are reported on the yield of neutrons from protons in the energy range from 7 to 17 MeV striking a stopping-length target of deuterium gas. This combination of beam and target is being investigated as an alternative to spallation for accelerator-driven transmutation technology with perhaps equivalent or lower energy cost per neutron. The concept includes neutrons produced from a cascade of reactions starting with the p + d reaction giving rise to subsequent fusion neutrons and neutrons from higher-order breakup reactions. In our application the incident proton energy is expected to be -100 MeV so that most of the neutrons produced in these reactions will be higher-energy neutrons that can undergo multiplication in surrounding beryllium or lead. The results reported here for lower proton energies indicate that the expected fusion and higher-order breakup reactions have been observed, and they provide the basis for a measurement at 100 MeV to confirm the larger proton-induced cascade benefits expected at higher proton energies.

Duke Scholars

Published In

Nuclear Science and Engineering

DOI

ISSN

0029-5639

Publication Date

January 1, 2009

Volume

161

Issue

1

Start / End Page

119 / 124

Related Subject Headings

  • Energy
  • 4019 Resources engineering and extractive metallurgy
  • 0915 Interdisciplinary Engineering
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
NLM
Bowman, C. D., Bowman, D. C., Bilpuch, E. G., Crowell, A. S., Howell, C. R., McCabe, K., … Walter, R. L. (2009). Neutrons from a proton-driven deuterium target as a possible competitor to spallation for nuclear energy applications. Nuclear Science and Engineering, 161(1), 119–124. https://doi.org/10.13182/NSE161-119
Bowman, C. D., D. C. Bowman, E. G. Bilpuch, A. S. Crowell, C. R. Howell, K. McCabe, G. A. Smith, et al. “Neutrons from a proton-driven deuterium target as a possible competitor to spallation for nuclear energy applications.” Nuclear Science and Engineering 161, no. 1 (January 1, 2009): 119–24. https://doi.org/10.13182/NSE161-119.
Bowman CD, Bowman DC, Bilpuch EG, Crowell AS, Howell CR, McCabe K, et al. Neutrons from a proton-driven deuterium target as a possible competitor to spallation for nuclear energy applications. Nuclear Science and Engineering. 2009 Jan 1;161(1):119–24.
Bowman, C. D., et al. “Neutrons from a proton-driven deuterium target as a possible competitor to spallation for nuclear energy applications.” Nuclear Science and Engineering, vol. 161, no. 1, Jan. 2009, pp. 119–24. Scopus, doi:10.13182/NSE161-119.
Bowman CD, Bowman DC, Bilpuch EG, Crowell AS, Howell CR, McCabe K, Smith GA, Tonchev AP, Tornow W, Vylet V, Walter RL. Neutrons from a proton-driven deuterium target as a possible competitor to spallation for nuclear energy applications. Nuclear Science and Engineering. 2009 Jan 1;161(1):119–124.

Published In

Nuclear Science and Engineering

DOI

ISSN

0029-5639

Publication Date

January 1, 2009

Volume

161

Issue

1

Start / End Page

119 / 124

Related Subject Headings

  • Energy
  • 4019 Resources engineering and extractive metallurgy
  • 0915 Interdisciplinary Engineering