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Prevalence of depression among older Americans: the Aging, Demographics and Memory Study.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Steffens, DC; Fisher, GG; Langa, KM; Potter, GG; Plassman, BL
Published in: Int Psychogeriatr
October 2009

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have attempted to provide estimates of depression prevalence in older adults. The Aging, Demographics and Memory Study (ADAMS) is a population-representative study that included a depression assessment, providing an opportunity to estimate the prevalence of depression in late life in the U.S.A. METHODS: The ADAMS sample was drawn from the larger Health and Retirement Study. A total of 851 of 856 ADAMS participants aged 71 and older had available depression data. Depression was measured using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview - Short Form (CIDI-SF) and the informant depression section of the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI). We estimated the national prevalence of depression, stratified by age, race, sex, and cognitive status. Logistic regression analyses were performed to examine the association of depression and previously reported risk factors for the condition. RESULTS: When combining symptoms of major or minor depression with reported treatment for depression, we found an overall depression prevalence of 11.19%. Prevalence was similar for men (10.19%) and women (11.44%). Whites and Hispanics had nearly three times the prevalence of depression found in African-Americans. Dementia diagnosis and pain severity were associated with increased depression prevalence, while black race was associated with lower rates of depression. CONCLUSIONS: The finding of similar prevalence estimates for depression in men and women was not consistent with prior research that has shown a female predominance. Given the population-representativeness of our sample, similar depression rates between the sexes in ADAMS may result from racial, ethnic and socioeconomic diversity.

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Published In

Int Psychogeriatr

DOI

ISSN

1041-6102

Publication Date

October 2009

Volume

21

Issue

5

Start / End Page

879 / 888

Location

England

Related Subject Headings

  • White People
  • United States
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Sex Factors
  • Personality Assessment
  • Neuropsychological Tests
  • Male
  • Humans
  • Hispanic or Latino
  • Health Status
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
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Steffens, D. C., Fisher, G. G., Langa, K. M., Potter, G. G., & Plassman, B. L. (2009). Prevalence of depression among older Americans: the Aging, Demographics and Memory Study. Int Psychogeriatr, 21(5), 879–888. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1041610209990044
Steffens, David C., Gwenith G. Fisher, Kenneth M. Langa, Guy G. Potter, and Brenda L. Plassman. “Prevalence of depression among older Americans: the Aging, Demographics and Memory Study.Int Psychogeriatr 21, no. 5 (October 2009): 879–88. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1041610209990044.
Steffens DC, Fisher GG, Langa KM, Potter GG, Plassman BL. Prevalence of depression among older Americans: the Aging, Demographics and Memory Study. Int Psychogeriatr. 2009 Oct;21(5):879–88.
Steffens, David C., et al. “Prevalence of depression among older Americans: the Aging, Demographics and Memory Study.Int Psychogeriatr, vol. 21, no. 5, Oct. 2009, pp. 879–88. Pubmed, doi:10.1017/S1041610209990044.
Steffens DC, Fisher GG, Langa KM, Potter GG, Plassman BL. Prevalence of depression among older Americans: the Aging, Demographics and Memory Study. Int Psychogeriatr. 2009 Oct;21(5):879–888.
Journal cover image

Published In

Int Psychogeriatr

DOI

ISSN

1041-6102

Publication Date

October 2009

Volume

21

Issue

5

Start / End Page

879 / 888

Location

England

Related Subject Headings

  • White People
  • United States
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Sex Factors
  • Personality Assessment
  • Neuropsychological Tests
  • Male
  • Humans
  • Hispanic or Latino
  • Health Status