Energy metabolic reprogramming in the hypertrophied and early stage failing heart: a multisystems approach.

Published

Journal Article

BACKGROUND: An unbiased systems approach was used to define energy metabolic events that occur during the pathological cardiac remodeling en route to heart failure (HF). METHODS AND RESULTS: Combined myocardial transcriptomic and metabolomic profiling were conducted in a well-defined mouse model of HF that allows comparative assessment of compensated and decompensated (HF) forms of cardiac hypertrophy because of pressure overload. The pressure overload data sets were also compared with the myocardial transcriptome and metabolome for an adaptive (physiological) form of cardiac hypertrophy because of endurance exercise training. Comparative analysis of the data sets led to the following conclusions: (1) expression of most genes involved in mitochondrial energy transduction were not significantly changed in the hypertrophied or failing heart, with the notable exception of a progressive downregulation of transcripts encoding proteins and enzymes involved in myocyte fatty acid transport and oxidation during the development of HF; (2) tissue metabolite profiles were more broadly regulated than corresponding metabolic gene regulatory changes, suggesting significant regulation at the post-transcriptional level; (3) metabolomic signatures distinguished pathological and physiological forms of cardiac hypertrophy and served as robust markers for the onset of HF; and (4) the pattern of metabolite derangements in the failing heart suggests bottlenecks of carbon substrate flux into the Krebs cycle. CONCLUSIONS: Mitochondrial energy metabolic derangements that occur during the early development of pressure overload-induced HF involve both transcriptional and post-transcriptional events. A subset of the myocardial metabolomic profile robustly distinguished pathological and physiological cardiac remodeling.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Lai, L; Leone, TC; Keller, MP; Martin, OJ; Broman, AT; Nigro, J; Kapoor, K; Koves, TR; Stevens, R; Ilkayeva, OR; Vega, RB; Attie, AD; Muoio, DM; Kelly, DP

Published Date

  • November 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 7 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 1022 - 1031

PubMed ID

  • 25236884

Pubmed Central ID

  • 25236884

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1941-3297

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1161/CIRCHEARTFAILURE.114.001469

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States