Date of eclosion modulates longevity: insights across dietary-restriction gradients and female reproduction in the mexfly Anastrepha ludens.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

We use unique experimental data on daily reproduction and survival of individual fruit flies from eight cohorts eclosed at different dates in 2004 and 2005 who were treated with varying proportions of sugar and yeast and subject to different caloric restrictions (CR). We investigate the relationship between eclosion date and longevity across diets and reproduction in Anastrepha ludens. We show that eclosion date can be associated with uncontrolled external or internal factor(s) which can modulate longevity of males and females independently of diet and reproduction to the extent similar to the effect of diet on longevity. The effect of diet manipulation on longevity is sensitive to date of eclosion with the role of CR in life extension ranging from beneficial to harmful. Interaction of date of eclosion with compositional changes of sugar and yeast but not with CR is responsible for life extension. Highly protein-enriched diets reliably maximize reproduction but not life span. Decreased longevity of flies treated with high-protein diets may be associated with harmful consequences of protein ingestion but is unlikely a result of high reproduction rates. We present evidence for the presence of two frailty-sensitive weakly interacting mechanisms of longevity in female flies associated with differences in predisposed fitness.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Kulminski, AM; Molleman, F; Culminskaya, IV; Arbeev, KG; Ukraintseva, SV; Carey, JR; Yashin, AI

Published Date

  • November 2009

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 44 / 11

Start / End Page

  • 718 - 726

PubMed ID

  • 19716408

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC2783806

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1873-6815

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0531-5565

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.exger.2009.08.007


  • eng