Surface-enhanced Raman scattering molecular sentinel nanoprobes for viral infection diagnostics.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

In this paper, we describe a surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS)-based detection approach, referred to as "molecular sentinel" (MS) plasmonic nanoprobes, to detect an RNA target related to viral infection. The MS method is essentially a label-free technique incorporating the SERS effect modulation scheme associated with silver nanoparticles and Raman dye-labeled DNA hairpin probes. Hybridization with target sequences opens the hairpin and spatially separates the Raman label from the silver surface thus reducing the SERS signal of the label. Herein, we have developed a MS nanoprobe to detect the human radical S-adenosyl methionine domain containing 2 (RSAD2) RNA target as a model system for method demonstration. The human RSAD2 gene has recently emerged as a novel host-response biomarker for diagnosis of respiratory infections. Our results showed that the RSAD2 MS nanoprobes exhibits high specificity and can detect as low as 1 nM target sequences. With the use of a portable Raman spectrometer and total RNA samples, we have also demonstrated for the first time the potential of the MS nanoprobe technology for detection of host-response RNA biomarkers for infectious disease diagnostics.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Wang, H-N; Fales, AM; Zaas, AK; Woods, CW; Burke, T; Ginsburg, GS; Vo-Dinh, T

Published Date

  • July 5, 2013

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 786 /

Start / End Page

  • 153 - 158

PubMed ID

  • 23790305

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC4022285

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1873-4324

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.aca.2013.05.017


  • eng

Conference Location

  • Netherlands