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Barbara R. Hooper

Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery
Orthopaedic Surgery, Occupational Therapy
104002, Durham, NC 27710
311 Trent Drive, Durham, NC 27710

Selected Publications


Occupational Science Concepts Essential to Occupation-Based Practice: Development of Expert Consensus.

Journal Article The American journal of occupational therapy : official publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association · November 2021 ImportanceWhat occupational science (OS) knowledge may be essential to occupational therapy practice has not been systematically explored.ObjectiveTo identify and gain expert consensus on OS concepts viewed as essential to occupational th ... Full text Cite

Toward Robust Assessments of Student Knowledge of Occupation.

Journal Article Am J Occup Ther · 2021 IMPORTANCE: Occupational therapy students must master knowledge of occupation, yet how educators assess such knowledge has not been explored. In this study, we elucidate robust assessment practices that can help students master knowledge of occupation. OBJ ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Occupational therapy entry-level education scholarship in Australia from 2000 to 2019: A systematic mapping review.

Journal Article Aust Occup Ther J · August 2020 INTRODUCTION: The number of occupational therapy degree programs in Australia has increased substantially over the last decade. During this time, Australian academics have produced a significant amount of scholarship focussed on entry-level education; howe ... Full text Link to item Cite

Assignment Artifacts and What They Reveal About How Occupation Is Addressed in U.S. Occupational Therapy Curricula.

Journal Article Am J Occup Ther · 2020 IMPORTANCE: Artifacts convey essential skills, tools, and concepts to students. Studies of artifacts can therefore illumine priorities for learning. OBJECTIVE: To describe the skills, tools, and concepts that assignment artifacts required students to learn ... Full text Link to item Cite

A National Survey of Learning Activities and Instructional Strategies Used to Teach Occupation: Implications for Signature Pedagogies.

Journal Article Am J Occup Ther · 2019 IMPORTANCE: Occupational therapy practitioners' professional identities and distinctive contributions to health care connect essentially to their knowledge of occupation. Thus, the strategies educators use to convey occupation to students and the perspecti ... Full text Link to item Cite

Occupational Therapy Education Research Agenda–Revised

Journal Article American Journal of Occupational Therapy · November 1, 2018 To move occupational therapy education forward, it is important that occupational therapy educators not only draw on education research outside the profession but also develop occupational therapy’s own body of research on education. Although that body of ... Full text Cite

Traversing hills and valleys: Exploring doing, being, becoming and belonging experiences in teaching and studying occupation

Journal Article Journal of Occupational Science · July 3, 2018 Research findings in occupational science and occupational therapy education can be mutually informing, yet this mutual benefit is seldom explored. A secondary analysis of data from a study of how occupation is addressed in US occupational therapy curricul ... Full text Cite

Curriculum-Level Strategies That U.S. Occupational Therapy Programs Use to Address Occupation: A Qualitative Study.

Journal Article Am J Occup Ther · 2018 OBJECTIVE: This study's objective was to describe curriculum-level strategies used to convey occupation to occupational therapy students. METHOD: The study used a descriptive qualitative research design. Fifteen occupational therapy and 10 occupational the ... Full text Link to item Cite

Foreword

Book · January 1, 2018 Cite

A Way of Seeing: How Occupation Is Portrayed to Students When Taught as a Concept Beyond Its Use in Therapy.

Journal Article Am J Occup Ther · 2017 OBJECTIVE: The concept of occupation is core to learning occupational therapy, yet how occupation is taught has not been widely studied. We explored how occupation is addressed in 25 U.S. occupational therapist and occupational therapy assistant programs. ... Full text Link to item Cite

Explicit or Hidden? Exploring How Occupation Is Taught in Occupational Therapy Curricula in the United States.

Journal Article Am J Occup Ther · 2017 OBJECTIVE: Occupation is considered core and threshold knowledge for occupational therapy, yet how it is conveyed through education is not well understood. This study examined how the concept of occupation was taught in occupational therapy and occupationa ... Full text Link to item Cite

Teaching knowledge generated through occupational science and teaching the science itself

Journal Article Journal of Occupational Science · October 1, 2016 This paper reviewed data that were collected for a study on teaching occupation in the context of occupational therapy programs, in order to explore if and how teaching occupational science was represented. Data that referenced occupational science were sp ... Full text Cite

Energizing occupation as the center of teaching and learning

Journal Article American Journal of Occupational Therapy · September 1, 2015 The concept of occupation has experienced a renewal in the past 3 decades and is widely accepted as the core subject in occupational therapy. Professional education has a critical stewardship role in continually enhancing how occupation is taught and under ... Full text Cite

An international systematic mapping review of fieldwork education in occupational therapy.

Journal Article Can J Occup Ther · April 2015 BACKGROUND: Owing to its importance in preparing occupational therapists, fieldwork education has generated numerous studies. These have not been collected and reviewed, leaving researchers without a map for growing a science of fieldwork education. PURPOS ... Full text Link to item Cite

Implementing high-fidelity simulations with large groups of nursing students.

Journal Article Nurse Educ · 2015 Nurse educators are increasing the use of simulation as a teaching strategy. Simulations are conducted typically with a small group of students. This article describes the process for implementing 6 high-fidelity simulations with a large group of undergrad ... Full text Link to item Cite

Exploring features of integrative teaching through a microanalysis of connection-making processes in a health sciences curriculum.

Journal Article Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract · October 2014 The interconnected nature of knowledge in the health sciences is not always reflected in how curricula, courses, and learning activities are designed. Thus have scholars advocated for more explicit attention to connection-making, or integration, in teachin ... Full text Link to item Cite

Value and challenges of research on health professions' core subjects in education.

Journal Article J Allied Health · 2014 Professions are organized around central concerns, or core subjects. Knowledge of a field's core subject is indispensable to effective practice, reasoning, and professional identity. In health professions education, however, core subjects are often obscure ... Link to item Cite

An international systematic mapping review of educational approaches and teaching methods in occupational therapy

Journal Article British Journal of Occupational Therapy · January 1, 2013 Introduction: Scholars have long examined educational approaches and teaching methods in occupational therapy, producing a wide range of educational scholarship. Yet the scope of the scholarship has not been systematically categorised and described, leavin ... Full text Cite

Occupational Science Concepts Essential to Occupation-Based Practice: Development of Expert Consensus.

Journal Article The American journal of occupational therapy : official publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association · November 2021 ImportanceWhat occupational science (OS) knowledge may be essential to occupational therapy practice has not been systematically explored.ObjectiveTo identify and gain expert consensus on OS concepts viewed as essential to occupational th ... Full text Cite

Toward Robust Assessments of Student Knowledge of Occupation.

Journal Article Am J Occup Ther · 2021 IMPORTANCE: Occupational therapy students must master knowledge of occupation, yet how educators assess such knowledge has not been explored. In this study, we elucidate robust assessment practices that can help students master knowledge of occupation. OBJ ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Occupational therapy entry-level education scholarship in Australia from 2000 to 2019: A systematic mapping review.

Journal Article Aust Occup Ther J · August 2020 INTRODUCTION: The number of occupational therapy degree programs in Australia has increased substantially over the last decade. During this time, Australian academics have produced a significant amount of scholarship focussed on entry-level education; howe ... Full text Link to item Cite

Assignment Artifacts and What They Reveal About How Occupation Is Addressed in U.S. Occupational Therapy Curricula.

Journal Article Am J Occup Ther · 2020 IMPORTANCE: Artifacts convey essential skills, tools, and concepts to students. Studies of artifacts can therefore illumine priorities for learning. OBJECTIVE: To describe the skills, tools, and concepts that assignment artifacts required students to learn ... Full text Link to item Cite

A National Survey of Learning Activities and Instructional Strategies Used to Teach Occupation: Implications for Signature Pedagogies.

Journal Article Am J Occup Ther · 2019 IMPORTANCE: Occupational therapy practitioners' professional identities and distinctive contributions to health care connect essentially to their knowledge of occupation. Thus, the strategies educators use to convey occupation to students and the perspecti ... Full text Link to item Cite

Occupational Therapy Education Research Agenda–Revised

Journal Article American Journal of Occupational Therapy · November 1, 2018 To move occupational therapy education forward, it is important that occupational therapy educators not only draw on education research outside the profession but also develop occupational therapy’s own body of research on education. Although that body of ... Full text Cite

Traversing hills and valleys: Exploring doing, being, becoming and belonging experiences in teaching and studying occupation

Journal Article Journal of Occupational Science · July 3, 2018 Research findings in occupational science and occupational therapy education can be mutually informing, yet this mutual benefit is seldom explored. A secondary analysis of data from a study of how occupation is addressed in US occupational therapy curricul ... Full text Cite

Curriculum-Level Strategies That U.S. Occupational Therapy Programs Use to Address Occupation: A Qualitative Study.

Journal Article Am J Occup Ther · 2018 OBJECTIVE: This study's objective was to describe curriculum-level strategies used to convey occupation to occupational therapy students. METHOD: The study used a descriptive qualitative research design. Fifteen occupational therapy and 10 occupational the ... Full text Link to item Cite

Foreword

Book · January 1, 2018 Cite

A Way of Seeing: How Occupation Is Portrayed to Students When Taught as a Concept Beyond Its Use in Therapy.

Journal Article Am J Occup Ther · 2017 OBJECTIVE: The concept of occupation is core to learning occupational therapy, yet how occupation is taught has not been widely studied. We explored how occupation is addressed in 25 U.S. occupational therapist and occupational therapy assistant programs. ... Full text Link to item Cite

Explicit or Hidden? Exploring How Occupation Is Taught in Occupational Therapy Curricula in the United States.

Journal Article Am J Occup Ther · 2017 OBJECTIVE: Occupation is considered core and threshold knowledge for occupational therapy, yet how it is conveyed through education is not well understood. This study examined how the concept of occupation was taught in occupational therapy and occupationa ... Full text Link to item Cite

Teaching knowledge generated through occupational science and teaching the science itself

Journal Article Journal of Occupational Science · October 1, 2016 This paper reviewed data that were collected for a study on teaching occupation in the context of occupational therapy programs, in order to explore if and how teaching occupational science was represented. Data that referenced occupational science were sp ... Full text Cite

Energizing occupation as the center of teaching and learning

Journal Article American Journal of Occupational Therapy · September 1, 2015 The concept of occupation has experienced a renewal in the past 3 decades and is widely accepted as the core subject in occupational therapy. Professional education has a critical stewardship role in continually enhancing how occupation is taught and under ... Full text Cite

An international systematic mapping review of fieldwork education in occupational therapy.

Journal Article Can J Occup Ther · April 2015 BACKGROUND: Owing to its importance in preparing occupational therapists, fieldwork education has generated numerous studies. These have not been collected and reviewed, leaving researchers without a map for growing a science of fieldwork education. PURPOS ... Full text Link to item Cite

Implementing high-fidelity simulations with large groups of nursing students.

Journal Article Nurse Educ · 2015 Nurse educators are increasing the use of simulation as a teaching strategy. Simulations are conducted typically with a small group of students. This article describes the process for implementing 6 high-fidelity simulations with a large group of undergrad ... Full text Link to item Cite

Exploring features of integrative teaching through a microanalysis of connection-making processes in a health sciences curriculum.

Journal Article Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract · October 2014 The interconnected nature of knowledge in the health sciences is not always reflected in how curricula, courses, and learning activities are designed. Thus have scholars advocated for more explicit attention to connection-making, or integration, in teachin ... Full text Link to item Cite

Value and challenges of research on health professions' core subjects in education.

Journal Article J Allied Health · 2014 Professions are organized around central concerns, or core subjects. Knowledge of a field's core subject is indispensable to effective practice, reasoning, and professional identity. In health professions education, however, core subjects are often obscure ... Link to item Cite

An international systematic mapping review of educational approaches and teaching methods in occupational therapy

Journal Article British Journal of Occupational Therapy · January 1, 2013 Introduction: Scholars have long examined educational approaches and teaching methods in occupational therapy, producing a wide range of educational scholarship. Yet the scope of the scholarship has not been systematically categorised and described, leavin ... Full text Cite

Strengths and limitations of the occupational therapy model curriculum guide as illustrated in a comprehensive curriculum revision process

Journal Article Occupational Therapy in Health Care · April 1, 2011 The Model Curriculum was developed to guide curriculum design initiatives in occupational therapy. No data exist describing the Model Curriculum guide in an actual curriculum design process. This paper offers initial descriptive data on the strengths and l ... Full text Cite

Using bibliographic software to appraise and code data in educational systematic review research.

Journal Article Med Teach · 2011 BACKGROUND: Bibliographic database software is often recommended as a tool that can assist researchers in managing the large numbers of references produced in early stages of a systematic review. The uses of such software in systematic review research are ... Full text Link to item Cite

On arriving at the destination of the centennial vision: Navigational landmarks to guide occupational therapy education

Journal Article Occupational Therapy in Health Care · January 14, 2010 The Centennial Vision for occupational therapy in 2017 is like a topographical map for the profession. It holds up a destination toward which practitioners, educators, administrators, and researchers collectively travel. Arriving at the destination will re ... Full text Cite

Occupational therapy education and the centennial vision: Preface

Journal Article Occupational Therapy in Health Care · January 14, 2010 Full text Cite

Falling forward: Lessons learned from critical reflection on an evaluation process with a prisoner reentry program

Journal Article New Directions for Evaluation · January 1, 2010 A formative evaluation of life-skills learning modules with men and women in a residential prisoner reentry program where careful attention was given to voice, power, and engagement, is described and analyzed. The author reflects on the evaluation process ... Full text Cite

Dying of boredom: An exploratory case study of time use, apparent affect, and routine activity situations on two Alzheimer's special care units

Journal Article American Journal of Occupational Therapy · January 1, 2009 The objective of this instrumental case study was to explore interrelationships among routine activity situations on 2 Alzheimer's special care units (SCUs) and 2 resident quality-of-life (QoL) indicators: daily time use and emotional well-being. Fourteen ... Full text Cite

Stories we teach by: intersections among faculty biography, student formation, and instructional processes.

Journal Article Am J Occup Ther · 2008 Becoming a professional who embodies certain dispositions is known as identity formation. Little research has explored what intentions educators hold for student identity formation or how such intentions influence their teaching. Nine faculty members (all ... Full text Link to item Cite

Shortening the distance between the "i" and the "it": A transformative approach to improving teaching

Journal Article Occupational Therapy in Health Care · June 18, 2007 "It" science focuses on the external and technical dimensions of action. "I" science focuses on the internal experiences and meaning particular actions hold for people. Elevating "It" science over "I" science can deform occupational therapy's body of knowl ... Full text Cite

Beyond active learning: a case study of teaching practices in an occupation-centered curriculum.

Journal Article Am J Occup Ther · 2006 Although occupation-centered curricula are highly promoted, the teaching processes that convey such designs remain unclear. This case study elucidated occupation-centered teaching practices. Interview and observational data were collected over 8 weeks, and ... Full text Link to item Cite

Epistemological transformation in occupational therapy: Educational implications and challenges

Journal Article OTJR Occupation, Participation and Health · January 1, 2006 An epistemological analysis of occupational therapy's history opens a novel perspective on the field's evolution and on important changes facing education and practice. Kegan's theory of epistemological transformation (e.g., how ways of knowing evolve) was ... Full text Cite

Pragmatism and structuralism in occupational therapy: the long conversation.

Journal Article Am J Occup Ther · 2002 The history of occupational therapy may be understood as a continual transaction between two cultural discourses: pragmatism and structuralism. Pragmatism is a way of thinking that presupposes humans are agentic by nature and knowledge is tentative and cre ... Full text Link to item Cite

The relationship between pretheoretical assumptions and clinical reasoning.

Journal Article Am J Occup Ther · May 1997 This single-case study explored what internal beliefs or commitments one therapist holds about the nature of reality and how those beliefs influence her delivery of occupational therapy services. Data were collected through three in-depth interviews and th ... Full text Link to item Cite