Skip to main content

Anna Gassman-Pines CV

Professor in the Sanford School of Public Policy
Sanford School of Public Policy
Box 90312, Durham, NC 27708-0245
124 Rubenstein Hall, Durham, NC 27708
CV

Selected Publications


When Is Masculinity "Fragile"? An Expectancy-Discrepancy-Threat Model of Masculine Identity.

Journal Article Personality and social psychology review : an official journal of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc · November 2023 Academic abstractManhood is a precarious social status. Under perceived gender identity threat, men are disproportionately likely to enact certain stereotype-consistent responses such as aggression to maintain their gender status. Yet less is know ... Full text Cite

The role of public and private food assistance in supporting families’ food security and meal routines

Journal Article Children and Youth Services Review · July 1, 2023 “Backpack” food programs administered through public schools are a potentially powerful additional source of nutrition for low-income students and their families. Typically, backpack programs send non-perishable foods home with children to supplement schoo ... Full text Cite

Day-to-day variation in adolescent food insecurity.

Journal Article Child Youth Serv Rev · June 2023 This study examined differences in both average and variability in daily adolescent food insecurity, by adolescents' levels of economic disadvantage and race/ethnicity. We used data from a 14-day ecological momentary assessment of 395 adolescents enrolled ... Full text Link to item Cite

Racial And Ethnic Disparities In Pandemic-Era Unemployment Insurance Access: Implications For Health And Well-Being.

Journal Article Health affairs (Project Hope) · November 2022 Research demonstrates that receiving unemployment insurance decreases mental health problems. But researchers have also found racial and ethnic disparities in unemployment insurance receipt resulting from differences in work history and location. We examin ... Full text Cite

The Effects of the Emeryville Fair Workweek Ordinance on the Daily Lives of Low-Wage Workers and Their Families

Journal Article RSF · August 1, 2022 Emeryville, California's Fair Workweek Ordinance (FWO) aimed to reduce service workers' schedule unpredictability by requiring large retail and food service employers to provide advanced notice of schedules and to compensate workers for last-minute schedul ... Full text Cite

Effect of daily school and care disruptions during the COVID-19 pandemic on child behavior problems.

Journal Article Developmental psychology · August 2022 The COVID-19 pandemic profoundly affected American families and children, including through the closure or change in the nature of their care and school settings. As the pandemic has persisted, many children remain in remote schooling and those attending i ... Full text Cite

Young Adolescents’ Endorsement of Restrictive Gender Norms: Evidence From a Community-Based Intervention in Côte d’Ivoire and Sierra Leone

Journal Article Journal of Early Adolescence · April 1, 2022 This study investigated attitudes toward restrictive gender norms among adolescents in Côte d’Ivoire and Sierra Leone (pooled N = 1,793, Mage(baseline) = 10.3, Mage(follow-up) = 11.6, 50% boys/girls). We examined individual and contextual predictors of gen ... Full text Open Access Cite

Understanding patterns of food insecurity and family well-being amid the COVID-19 pandemic using daily surveys.

Journal Article Child development · September 2021 This paper investigates economic and psychological hardship during the COVID-19 pandemic among a diverse sample (61% Latinx; 16% White; 9% Black; 14% mixed/other race) of socioeconomically disadvantaged parents (90% mothers; mean age = 35 years) and their ... Full text Cite

Insurance Barriers, Gendering, and Access: Interviews with Central North Carolinian Women About Their Health Care Experiences.

Journal Article The Permanente journal · May 2021 BackgroundWomen face unique logistical and financial barriers to health care access. They also have higher health care expenditures and higher rates of morbidity. Women's experiences while utilizing health care are historically less well researche ... Full text Cite

Work Schedule Unpredictability: Daily Occurrence and Effects on Working Parents' Well-Being.

Journal Article Journal of marriage and the family · February 2021 ObjectiveTo investigate the pervasiveness and frequency of work schedule unpredictability among workers in low-wage hourly jobs and the effects of work schedule unpredictability on worker and family well-being.BackgroundFamily science has ... Full text Cite

COVID-19 and Parent-Child Psychological Well-being.

Journal Article Pediatrics · October 2020 Background and objectivesThe outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 has changed American society in ways that are difficult to capture in a timely manner. With this study, we take advantage of daily survey data collected before and after the crisis ... Full text Cite

Income inequality and child maltreatment risk during economic recession

Journal Article Children and Youth Services Review · May 1, 2020 While several studies have examined the link between economic downturns and child maltreatment, the evidence linking economic downturns to child maltreatment is not consistent and cannot be generalized to the U.S. as a whole. This study builds on prior lit ... Full text Cite

Young Adolescents' Digital Technology Use, Perceived Impairments, and Well-Being in a Representative Sample.

Journal Article J Pediatr · April 2020 OBJECTIVE: To examine the cross-sectional associations between young adolescents' access, use, and perceived impairments related to digital technologies and their academic, psychological, and physical well-being. STUDY DESIGN: There were 2104 adolescents ( ... Full text Link to item Cite

Daily Food Insufficiency and Worry among Economically Disadvantaged Families with Young Children

Journal Article Journal of Marriage and Family · October 1, 2019 Objective: To examine how reports of food insecurity vary daily among low-income parents of young children. Background: The material and emotional components of food insecurity have negative consequences for children and can have negative implications for ... Full text Cite

Perceived social status and mental health among young adolescents: Evidence from census data to cellphones.

Journal Article Dev Psychol · March 2019 Adolescents in the United States live amid high levels of concentrated poverty and increasing income inequality. Poverty is robustly linked to adolescents' mental health problems; however, less is known about how perceptions of their social status and expo ... Full text Link to item Cite

When Is Masculinity "Fragile"? An Expectancy-Discrepancy-Threat Model of Masculine Identity.

Journal Article Personality and social psychology review : an official journal of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc · November 2023 Academic abstractManhood is a precarious social status. Under perceived gender identity threat, men are disproportionately likely to enact certain stereotype-consistent responses such as aggression to maintain their gender status. Yet less is know ... Full text Cite

The role of public and private food assistance in supporting families’ food security and meal routines

Journal Article Children and Youth Services Review · July 1, 2023 “Backpack” food programs administered through public schools are a potentially powerful additional source of nutrition for low-income students and their families. Typically, backpack programs send non-perishable foods home with children to supplement schoo ... Full text Cite

Day-to-day variation in adolescent food insecurity.

Journal Article Child Youth Serv Rev · June 2023 This study examined differences in both average and variability in daily adolescent food insecurity, by adolescents' levels of economic disadvantage and race/ethnicity. We used data from a 14-day ecological momentary assessment of 395 adolescents enrolled ... Full text Link to item Cite

Racial And Ethnic Disparities In Pandemic-Era Unemployment Insurance Access: Implications For Health And Well-Being.

Journal Article Health affairs (Project Hope) · November 2022 Research demonstrates that receiving unemployment insurance decreases mental health problems. But researchers have also found racial and ethnic disparities in unemployment insurance receipt resulting from differences in work history and location. We examin ... Full text Cite

The Effects of the Emeryville Fair Workweek Ordinance on the Daily Lives of Low-Wage Workers and Their Families

Journal Article RSF · August 1, 2022 Emeryville, California's Fair Workweek Ordinance (FWO) aimed to reduce service workers' schedule unpredictability by requiring large retail and food service employers to provide advanced notice of schedules and to compensate workers for last-minute schedul ... Full text Cite

Effect of daily school and care disruptions during the COVID-19 pandemic on child behavior problems.

Journal Article Developmental psychology · August 2022 The COVID-19 pandemic profoundly affected American families and children, including through the closure or change in the nature of their care and school settings. As the pandemic has persisted, many children remain in remote schooling and those attending i ... Full text Cite

Young Adolescents’ Endorsement of Restrictive Gender Norms: Evidence From a Community-Based Intervention in Côte d’Ivoire and Sierra Leone

Journal Article Journal of Early Adolescence · April 1, 2022 This study investigated attitudes toward restrictive gender norms among adolescents in Côte d’Ivoire and Sierra Leone (pooled N = 1,793, Mage(baseline) = 10.3, Mage(follow-up) = 11.6, 50% boys/girls). We examined individual and contextual predictors of gen ... Full text Open Access Cite

Understanding patterns of food insecurity and family well-being amid the COVID-19 pandemic using daily surveys.

Journal Article Child development · September 2021 This paper investigates economic and psychological hardship during the COVID-19 pandemic among a diverse sample (61% Latinx; 16% White; 9% Black; 14% mixed/other race) of socioeconomically disadvantaged parents (90% mothers; mean age = 35 years) and their ... Full text Cite

Insurance Barriers, Gendering, and Access: Interviews with Central North Carolinian Women About Their Health Care Experiences.

Journal Article The Permanente journal · May 2021 BackgroundWomen face unique logistical and financial barriers to health care access. They also have higher health care expenditures and higher rates of morbidity. Women's experiences while utilizing health care are historically less well researche ... Full text Cite

Work Schedule Unpredictability: Daily Occurrence and Effects on Working Parents' Well-Being.

Journal Article Journal of marriage and the family · February 2021 ObjectiveTo investigate the pervasiveness and frequency of work schedule unpredictability among workers in low-wage hourly jobs and the effects of work schedule unpredictability on worker and family well-being.BackgroundFamily science has ... Full text Cite

COVID-19 and Parent-Child Psychological Well-being.

Journal Article Pediatrics · October 2020 Background and objectivesThe outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 has changed American society in ways that are difficult to capture in a timely manner. With this study, we take advantage of daily survey data collected before and after the crisis ... Full text Cite

Income inequality and child maltreatment risk during economic recession

Journal Article Children and Youth Services Review · May 1, 2020 While several studies have examined the link between economic downturns and child maltreatment, the evidence linking economic downturns to child maltreatment is not consistent and cannot be generalized to the U.S. as a whole. This study builds on prior lit ... Full text Cite

Young Adolescents' Digital Technology Use, Perceived Impairments, and Well-Being in a Representative Sample.

Journal Article J Pediatr · April 2020 OBJECTIVE: To examine the cross-sectional associations between young adolescents' access, use, and perceived impairments related to digital technologies and their academic, psychological, and physical well-being. STUDY DESIGN: There were 2104 adolescents ( ... Full text Link to item Cite

Daily Food Insufficiency and Worry among Economically Disadvantaged Families with Young Children

Journal Article Journal of Marriage and Family · October 1, 2019 Objective: To examine how reports of food insecurity vary daily among low-income parents of young children. Background: The material and emotional components of food insecurity have negative consequences for children and can have negative implications for ... Full text Cite

Perceived social status and mental health among young adolescents: Evidence from census data to cellphones.

Journal Article Dev Psychol · March 2019 Adolescents in the United States live amid high levels of concentrated poverty and increasing income inequality. Poverty is robustly linked to adolescents' mental health problems; however, less is known about how perceptions of their social status and expo ... Full text Link to item Cite

"His" and "Hers": Meeting the Economic Bar to Marriage.

Journal Article Demography · December 2018 Scholars have suggested that low-income parents avoid marriage because they have not met the so-called economic bar to marriage. The economic bar is multidimensional, referring to a bundle of financial achievements that determine whether couples feel ready ... Full text Cite

Food Instability and Academic Achievement: A Quasi-Experiment Using SNAP Benefit Timing

Journal Article American Educational Research Journal · March 20, 2018 Full text Cite

Psychological Acculturation and Parenting Behaviors in Mexican Immigrant Families.

Journal Article Journal of family issues · January 2018 This study examined the relation between mothers' and fathers' psychological acculturation and parenting behaviors in two samples of Mexican immigrant families. The middle childhood sample included 47 mothers, 38 fathers and 46 children in families with ch ... Full text Cite

Use of informal safety nets during the supplemental nutrition assistance program benefit cycle: How poor families cope with within-month economic instability

Journal Article Social Service Review · September 1, 2017 Poor families often combine public benefits with social network and community resources to cope with economic instability. This study shows that decisions to combine formal and informal resources are as dynamic as the economic instability they are intended ... Full text Cite

Local Job Losses and Child Maltreatment: The Importance of Community Context.

Journal Article The Social service review · June 2017 A growing body of literature suggests that economic downturns predict an increase in child maltreatment. However, to inform policies and practices to prevent and intervene in child maltreatment, it is necessary to identify how, when, and under what conditi ... Full text Cite

They Should Say "I Don't": Norms About Midpregnancy Marriage and Job Loss.

Journal Article Journal of marriage and the family · April 2017 This study examined effects of local economic conditions on individuals' attitudes toward midpregnancy marriages using an experimental vignette method. Adults (N = 460) were each shown two vignettes about a hypothetical couple expecting a baby; within each ... Full text Cite

SNAP Recency and Educational Outcomes

Journal Article · November 13, 2015 Cite

Effects of Mexican Immigrant Parents' Daily Workplace Discrimination on Child Behavior and Family Functioning.

Journal Article Child development · July 2015 This study investigated Mexican immigrant parents' reports of perceived workplace discrimination and their children's behavior, parents' moods, and parent-child interactions. Parents of one hundred and thirty-eight 3- to 5-year-old children were asked to c ... Full text Cite

Effects of statewide job losses on adolescent suicide-related behaviors.

Journal Article American journal of public health · October 2014 ObjectivesWe investigated the impact of statewide job loss on adolescent suicide-related behaviors.MethodsWe used 1997 to 2009 data from the Youth Risk Behavior Survey and the Bureau of Labor Statistics to estimate the effects of statewid ... Full text Open Access Cite

Community-wide job loss and teenage fertility: evidence from North Carolina.

Journal Article Demography · December 2013 Using North Carolina data for the period 1990-2010, we estimate the effects of economic downturns on the birthrates of 15- to 19-year-olds, using county-level business closings and layoffs as a plausibly exogenous source of variation in the strength of the ... Full text Open Access Cite

Daily spillover of low-income mothers' perceived workload to mood and mother-child interactions

Journal Article Journal of Marriage and Family · October 1, 2013 This study investigated associations of low-income working mothers' daily perceived workload and their reports of their own mood and their interactions with their young children. Sixty-one mothers were asked to report on their workload, mood, and interacti ... Full text Cite

How social safety net programs affect family economic well-being, family functioning, and children's development

Journal Article Child Development Perspectives · September 1, 2013 Following changes to federal cash assistance programs in 1996, low-income families now rely on a set of social programs: the Earned Income Tax Credit, food assistance, publicly funded health insurance, and child-care subsidies. In this review, we present e ... Full text Cite

Community-Wide Job Loss and Teenage Fertility

Scholarly Edition · April 2013 Cite

Maternal education preferences moderate the effects of mandatory employment and education programs on child positive and problem behaviors.

Journal Article Child development · January 2013 Grounded in person-environment fit theory, this study examined whether low-income mothers' preferences for education moderated the effects of employment- and education-focused welfare programs on children's positive and problem behaviors. The sample includ ... Full text Cite

Low-income mothers' nighttime and weekend work: Daily associations with child behavior, mother-child interactions, and mood

Journal Article Family Relations · February 1, 2011 This study investigated low-income mothers' daily nighttime and weekend work and family outcomes. Sixty-one mothers of preschool-aged children reported daily on work hours, mood, mother-child interaction, and child behavior for two weeks (N = 724 person-da ... Full text Cite

Associations of low-income working mothers' daily interactions with supervisors and mother-child interactions

Journal Article Journal of Marriage and Family · February 1, 2011 This study investigated associations of low-income working mothers' daily interactions with supervisors and their interactions with children. Sixty-one mothers of preschool-aged children were asked to report on their interactions with their supervisors at ... Full text Cite

Early Childhood Family Structure and Mother-Child Interactions: Variation by Race and Ethnicity

Journal Article Developmental Psychology · 2010 With data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study – Birth Cohort (n = 6,449), a nationally- representative sample of births in 2001, we used hierarchical linear modeling to analyze differences in observed interactions between married, cohabiting, never ... Cite

Racial/Ethnic Differences in Effects of Welfare Policies on Early School Readiness and Later Achievement.

Journal Article Applied developmental science · January 2010 This study examined whether the effects of employment-based policies on children's math and reading achievement differed for African American, Latino and Caucasian children of welfare receiving parents, and if so, why. Two kinds of employment policies were ... Full text Cite

Pathways through low-wage work

Chapter · January 1, 2009 Cite

Five-year effects of an anti-poverty program on marriage among never-married mothers

Journal Article Journal of Policy Analysis and Management · December 1, 2006 Using data from an experimental evaluation of the New Hope project, an antipoverty program that increased employment and income, this study examined the effects of New Hope on entry into marriage among never-married mothers. Among never-married mothers, Ne ... Full text Cite

The effects of antipoverty programs on children's cumulative level of poverty-related risk.

Journal Article Developmental psychology · November 2006 The authors examined the effects of antipoverty programs on children's cumulative poverty-related risk and the relationship between cumulative poverty-related risk and child outcomes among low-income families. Samples included 419 children ages 3-10 years ... Full text Cite

Effects of welfare and employment policies on middle-childhood school performance: Do they vary by race/ethnicity and, if so, why?

Chapter · January 1, 2006 In recent years, research examining the effects of welfare and antipoverty policies on children and adolescents has surged (Chase-Lansdale et al., 2003; Gennetian et al., 2002; Morris, Huston, Duncan, Crosby, & Bos, 2001; Huston et al., 2001; Yoshikawa, Ro ... Full text Cite