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Eric Dedert

Associate Professor in Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, Behavioral Medicine & Neurosciences
Dept of Psychiatry, Box 102505, Durham, NC 27710
Dept of Psychiatry, Box 102505, Durham, NC 27705

Selected Publications


Examining veterans' preferences for how to deliver couples-based treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder: Home-based telehealth or in-person?

Journal Article Psychol Serv · February 26, 2024 Understanding the modality by which veterans prefer to receive couples-based posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) treatment (i.e., home-based telehealth, in-person) may increase engagement in PTSD psychotherapy. This study aimed to understand veterans' pre ... Full text Link to item Cite

Feasibility of a family-involved intervention to increase engagement in evidenced-based psychotherapies for posttraumatic stress disorder: A pilot study.

Journal Article Psychol Trauma · January 18, 2024 OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of a family-involved intervention, family support in mental health recovery (FAMILIAR), for veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) seeking psychotherapy at a single Veterans Administration Health System. MET ... Full text Link to item Cite

Posttraumatic stress disorder, trauma, and accelerated biological aging among post-9/11 veterans.

Journal Article Transl Psychiatry · January 6, 2024 People who experience trauma and develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are at increased risk for poor health. One mechanism that could explain this risk is accelerated biological aging, which is associated with the accumulation of chronic diseases, ... Full text Link to item Cite

Experiential Avoidance, Pain, and Suicide Risk in a National Sample of Gulf War Veterans.

Journal Article Arch Suicide Res · 2024 OBJECTIVE: Pain confers risk for suicidal thoughts and behaviors. Experiential avoidance (EA), which is relevant to both pain and suicide risk, has not been studied as a potential mechanism for this relationship. The present study tested the hypothesis tha ... Full text Link to item Cite

Cannabis use and suicide risk among Gulf War veterans.

Journal Article Death Stud · 2023 Cannabis use has been indicated as a risk factor for suicide in veterans. This study of Gulf War veterans tested the relationship between self-report past year cannabis use and (a) past year suicidal ideation and (b) risk for suicidal behavior. Data were f ... Full text Link to item Cite

Probable trauma associated sleep disorder in post-9/11 US Veterans.

Journal Article Sleep Adv · 2023 STUDY OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to (1) estimate trauma associated sleep disorder (TASD) prevalence among post-9/11 era veterans and to describe differences in service and comorbid mental health clinical characteristics among individuals wit ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Adherence to FDA-Approved Medications for Alcohol Use Disorder

Conference INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PHARMACY · 2023 Cite

Adapting a family-involved intervention to increase initiation and completion of evidenced-based psychotherapy for posttraumatic stress disorder.

Journal Article SSM Ment Health · December 2022 Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is disabling condition among United States Veterans. Training programs for evidenced-based therapies have been rolled out nationally in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA), but provider adoption of these treatments ... Full text Link to item Cite

Contingency management and cognitive behavior therapy for smoking cessation among veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder: Design and methodology of a randomized clinical trial.

Journal Article Contemp Clin Trials · August 2022 BACKGROUND: Smoking is a prevalent concern among Veterans, especially those with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Despite the availability of interventions for smoking cessation, these treatments have not been as effective among Veteran populations, p ... Full text Link to item Cite

Do older veterans experience change in posttraumatic cognitions following treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder?

Journal Article Psychol Trauma · May 2022 OBJECTIVE: It is unclear whether PTSD treatments improve negative posttraumatic cognitions (NPCs) and if changes in NPCs mediate treatment outcomes in older veterans. The current study examined if prolonged exposure therapy (PE) and relaxation therapy (RT) ... Full text Link to item Cite

Effects of Alcohol Reduction Interventions on Blood Pressure.

Journal Article Curr Hypertens Rep · April 2022 PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Much of alcohol's purported negative impact on a population's health can be attributed to its association with increased blood pressure, rates of hypertension, and incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Less attention, however, has b ... Full text Link to item Cite

Cognitive behavioral therapy for chronic pain in veterans: Evidence for clinical effectiveness in a model program.

Journal Article Psychol Serv · February 2022 The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) has been training clinicians in its cognitive behavioral therapy for chronic pain (CBT-CP) structured protocol since 2012. The aim of this project was to review patient outcomes to determine the effectiveness of ... Full text Link to item Cite

Warzone experiences and subsequent clinician suicide risk assessment in veterans

Journal Article Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior · December 1, 2021 Objective: To determine in veterans whether severity of combat exposure was predictive of subsequently receiving a suicide risk assessment (SRA), and whether this relationship was meditated by depression symptomatology. Method: We conducted an electronic m ... Full text Cite

Clinical effectiveness study of a treatment to prepare for trauma-focused evidence-based psychotherapies at a veterans affairs specialty posttraumatic stress disorder clinic.

Journal Article Psychol Serv · November 2021 Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) clinics in the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) often provide psychoeducational or skill-building groups to prepare veterans for trauma-focused PTSD treatments. However, there has been limited evaluation of the effec ... Full text Link to item Cite

A Comparison of Group Anger Management Treatments for Combat Veterans With PTSD: Results From a Quasi-Experimental Trial.

Journal Article J Interpers Violence · October 2021 Difficulty controlling anger is a significant concern among combat veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), yet few controlled studies have examined the efficacy of anger treatments for this population. This study examined the effects of a group ... Full text Link to item Cite

The association of alcohol use with all-cause and cardiovascular disease-related hospitalizations or death in older, high-risk Veterans.

Journal Article Alcohol Clin Exp Res · June 2021 BACKGROUND: The prevalence of alcohol misuse among older adults has grown dramatically in the past decade, yet little is known about the association of alcohol misuse with hospitalization and death in this patient population. METHODS: We examined the assoc ... Full text Link to item Cite

A network analysis of risk factors for suicide in Iraq/Afghanistan-era veterans.

Journal Article J Psychiatr Res · June 2021 Suicidal ideation (SI) is a prevalent issue in the veteran population. A number of factors have been identified as risk factors for suicidal ideation (SI) in veterans, including suicide attempts, depression, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and drug u ... Full text Link to item Cite

Cannabis use disorder, anger, and violence in Iraq/Afghanistan-era veterans.

Journal Article J Psychiatr Res · June 2021 An association has been found between cannabis use disorder (CUD) and violence in several clinical populations, including veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and there is evidence that CUD has been increasing among veterans since September ... Full text Link to item Cite

Screening for moral injury and comparatively evaluating moral injury measures in relation to mental illness symptomatology and diagnosis.

Journal Article Clin Psychol Psychother · January 2021 Moral injury merits further study to clarify its identification, prevalence, assessment and intersection with psychosocial and psychiatric problems. The present study investigated the screening potential of the Brief Moral Injury Screen (BMIS) in a sample ... Full text Link to item Cite

Examining veterans' preferences for how to deliver couples-based treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder: Home-based telehealth or in-person?

Journal Article Psychol Serv · February 26, 2024 Understanding the modality by which veterans prefer to receive couples-based posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) treatment (i.e., home-based telehealth, in-person) may increase engagement in PTSD psychotherapy. This study aimed to understand veterans' pre ... Full text Link to item Cite

Feasibility of a family-involved intervention to increase engagement in evidenced-based psychotherapies for posttraumatic stress disorder: A pilot study.

Journal Article Psychol Trauma · January 18, 2024 OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of a family-involved intervention, family support in mental health recovery (FAMILIAR), for veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) seeking psychotherapy at a single Veterans Administration Health System. MET ... Full text Link to item Cite

Posttraumatic stress disorder, trauma, and accelerated biological aging among post-9/11 veterans.

Journal Article Transl Psychiatry · January 6, 2024 People who experience trauma and develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are at increased risk for poor health. One mechanism that could explain this risk is accelerated biological aging, which is associated with the accumulation of chronic diseases, ... Full text Link to item Cite

Experiential Avoidance, Pain, and Suicide Risk in a National Sample of Gulf War Veterans.

Journal Article Arch Suicide Res · 2024 OBJECTIVE: Pain confers risk for suicidal thoughts and behaviors. Experiential avoidance (EA), which is relevant to both pain and suicide risk, has not been studied as a potential mechanism for this relationship. The present study tested the hypothesis tha ... Full text Link to item Cite

Cannabis use and suicide risk among Gulf War veterans.

Journal Article Death Stud · 2023 Cannabis use has been indicated as a risk factor for suicide in veterans. This study of Gulf War veterans tested the relationship between self-report past year cannabis use and (a) past year suicidal ideation and (b) risk for suicidal behavior. Data were f ... Full text Link to item Cite

Probable trauma associated sleep disorder in post-9/11 US Veterans.

Journal Article Sleep Adv · 2023 STUDY OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to (1) estimate trauma associated sleep disorder (TASD) prevalence among post-9/11 era veterans and to describe differences in service and comorbid mental health clinical characteristics among individuals wit ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Adherence to FDA-Approved Medications for Alcohol Use Disorder

Conference INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PHARMACY · 2023 Cite

Adapting a family-involved intervention to increase initiation and completion of evidenced-based psychotherapy for posttraumatic stress disorder.

Journal Article SSM Ment Health · December 2022 Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is disabling condition among United States Veterans. Training programs for evidenced-based therapies have been rolled out nationally in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA), but provider adoption of these treatments ... Full text Link to item Cite

Contingency management and cognitive behavior therapy for smoking cessation among veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder: Design and methodology of a randomized clinical trial.

Journal Article Contemp Clin Trials · August 2022 BACKGROUND: Smoking is a prevalent concern among Veterans, especially those with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Despite the availability of interventions for smoking cessation, these treatments have not been as effective among Veteran populations, p ... Full text Link to item Cite

Do older veterans experience change in posttraumatic cognitions following treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder?

Journal Article Psychol Trauma · May 2022 OBJECTIVE: It is unclear whether PTSD treatments improve negative posttraumatic cognitions (NPCs) and if changes in NPCs mediate treatment outcomes in older veterans. The current study examined if prolonged exposure therapy (PE) and relaxation therapy (RT) ... Full text Link to item Cite

Effects of Alcohol Reduction Interventions on Blood Pressure.

Journal Article Curr Hypertens Rep · April 2022 PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Much of alcohol's purported negative impact on a population's health can be attributed to its association with increased blood pressure, rates of hypertension, and incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Less attention, however, has b ... Full text Link to item Cite

Cognitive behavioral therapy for chronic pain in veterans: Evidence for clinical effectiveness in a model program.

Journal Article Psychol Serv · February 2022 The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) has been training clinicians in its cognitive behavioral therapy for chronic pain (CBT-CP) structured protocol since 2012. The aim of this project was to review patient outcomes to determine the effectiveness of ... Full text Link to item Cite

Warzone experiences and subsequent clinician suicide risk assessment in veterans

Journal Article Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior · December 1, 2021 Objective: To determine in veterans whether severity of combat exposure was predictive of subsequently receiving a suicide risk assessment (SRA), and whether this relationship was meditated by depression symptomatology. Method: We conducted an electronic m ... Full text Cite

Clinical effectiveness study of a treatment to prepare for trauma-focused evidence-based psychotherapies at a veterans affairs specialty posttraumatic stress disorder clinic.

Journal Article Psychol Serv · November 2021 Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) clinics in the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) often provide psychoeducational or skill-building groups to prepare veterans for trauma-focused PTSD treatments. However, there has been limited evaluation of the effec ... Full text Link to item Cite

A Comparison of Group Anger Management Treatments for Combat Veterans With PTSD: Results From a Quasi-Experimental Trial.

Journal Article J Interpers Violence · October 2021 Difficulty controlling anger is a significant concern among combat veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), yet few controlled studies have examined the efficacy of anger treatments for this population. This study examined the effects of a group ... Full text Link to item Cite

The association of alcohol use with all-cause and cardiovascular disease-related hospitalizations or death in older, high-risk Veterans.

Journal Article Alcohol Clin Exp Res · June 2021 BACKGROUND: The prevalence of alcohol misuse among older adults has grown dramatically in the past decade, yet little is known about the association of alcohol misuse with hospitalization and death in this patient population. METHODS: We examined the assoc ... Full text Link to item Cite

A network analysis of risk factors for suicide in Iraq/Afghanistan-era veterans.

Journal Article J Psychiatr Res · June 2021 Suicidal ideation (SI) is a prevalent issue in the veteran population. A number of factors have been identified as risk factors for suicidal ideation (SI) in veterans, including suicide attempts, depression, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and drug u ... Full text Link to item Cite

Cannabis use disorder, anger, and violence in Iraq/Afghanistan-era veterans.

Journal Article J Psychiatr Res · June 2021 An association has been found between cannabis use disorder (CUD) and violence in several clinical populations, including veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and there is evidence that CUD has been increasing among veterans since September ... Full text Link to item Cite

Screening for moral injury and comparatively evaluating moral injury measures in relation to mental illness symptomatology and diagnosis.

Journal Article Clin Psychol Psychother · January 2021 Moral injury merits further study to clarify its identification, prevalence, assessment and intersection with psychosocial and psychiatric problems. The present study investigated the screening potential of the Brief Moral Injury Screen (BMIS) in a sample ... Full text Link to item Cite

Gene Expression Analysis in Three Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Cohorts Implicates Inflammation and Innate Immunity Pathways and Uncovers Shared Genetic Risk With Major Depressive Disorder.

Journal Article Front Neurosci · 2021 Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a complex psychiatric disorder that can develop following exposure to traumatic events. The Psychiatric Genomics Consortium PTSD group (PGC-PTSD) has collected over 20,000 multi-ethnic PTSD cases and controls and has ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Pilot Cohorts for Development of Concurrent Mobile Treatment for Alcohol and Tobacco Use Disorders.

Journal Article Subst Abuse · 2021 Alcohol and tobacco are the 2 most frequently used drugs in the United States and represent the highest co-occurrence of polysubstance use. The objective of this study was to refine an intervention combining mobile contingency management with cognitive-beh ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Epigenome-wide meta-analysis of PTSD across 10 military and civilian cohorts identifies methylation changes in AHRR.

Journal Article Nat Commun · November 24, 2020 Epigenetic differences may help to distinguish between PTSD cases and trauma-exposed controls. Here, we describe the results of the largest DNA methylation meta-analysis of PTSD to date. Ten cohorts, military and civilian, contribute blood-derived DNA meth ... Full text Link to item Cite

Treatment Outcomes of a Multi-Component Mobile Health Smoking Cessation Pilot Intervention for People with Schizophrenia.

Journal Article J Dual Diagn · October 2020 The objective of this study was to investigate the feasibility and acceptability of a multi-component mobile contingency management (CM) pilot intervention for smoking cessation for people with schizophrenia. Methods: This intervention included mobile CM ( ... Full text Link to item Cite

Neural correlates of conceptual-level fear generalization in posttraumatic stress disorder.

Journal Article Neuropsychopharmacology · July 2020 Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may develop when mechanisms for making accurate distinctions about threat relevance have gone awry. Generalization across conceptually related objects has been hypothesized based on clinical observation in PTSD, but the ... Full text Link to item Cite

The Personality Assessment Inventory Alcohol Scale in Veterans With PTSD: Convergent and Discriminant Relations With the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test.

Journal Article Assessment · June 2020 In this study, we examined the validity of the Personality Assessment Inventory Alcohol (ALC) scale in 736 male veterans presenting for formal evaluation of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The ALC scale exhibited convergence with other measures of al ... Full text Link to item Cite

Self- and Other-Directed Violence as Outcomes of Deployment-Based Military Sexual Assault in Iraq/Afghanistan-era Veteran Men and Women.

Journal Article J Aggress Maltreat Trauma · April 10, 2020 Although military sexual assault (MSA) has been well-established as a risk factor for psychopathology (e.g., PTSD, depression), little research has examined the association between MSA and self- and other-directed violence. Furthermore, there has been a gr ... Full text Link to item Cite

Amygdala Nuclei Volume and Shape in Military Veterans With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

Journal Article Biol Psychiatry Cogn Neurosci Neuroimaging · March 2020 BACKGROUND: The amygdala is a subcortical structure involved in socioemotional and associative fear learning processes relevant for understanding the mechanisms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Research in animals indicates that the amygdala is a h ... Full text Link to item Cite

Threat-induced anxiety during goal pursuit disrupts amygdala-prefrontal cortex connectivity in posttraumatic stress disorder.

Journal Article Transl Psychiatry · February 10, 2020 To investigate how unpredictable threat during goal pursuit impacts fronto-limbic activity and functional connectivity in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), we compared military veterans with PTSD (n = 25) vs. trauma-exposed control (n = 25). Participan ... Full text Link to item Cite

Pain Intensity and Pain Interference in Male and Female Iraq/Afghanistan-era Veterans.

Journal Article Womens Health Issues · June 25, 2019 BACKGROUND: Chronic pain conditions are common among both male and female Iraq/Afghanistan-era veterans and can have substantial negative impacts on quality of life and function. Although in general women tend to report higher levels of pain intensity than ... Full text Link to item Cite

An Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Evidence-Based Psychotherapies for Depression to Reduce Suicidal Ideation among Male and Female Veterans.

Journal Article Womens Health Issues · June 25, 2019 BACKGROUND: Although most suicide-related deaths occur among male veterans, women veterans are dying by suicide in increasing numbers. Identifying and increasing access to effective treatments is imperative for Department of Veterans Affairs suicide preven ... Full text Link to item Cite

Telehealth Treatment for Alcohol Misuse: Reviewing Telehealth Approaches to Increase Engagement and Reduce Risk of Alcohol-Related Hypertension.

Journal Article Curr Hypertens Rep · June 17, 2019 PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Telehealth interventions for alcohol misuse may be especially impactful in hypertensive populations because of the increased blood pressure associated with alcohol overconsumption. This review examines emerging telehealth interventions f ... Full text Link to item Cite

Relationship between traumatic brain injury history and recent suicidal ideation in Iraq/Afghanistan-era veterans.

Journal Article Psychol Serv · May 2019 This study evaluated whether a history of traumatic brain injury (TBI) was associated with increased risk for recent suicidal ideation (SI) after accounting for demographics, depression, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and sleep quality. In terms of ... Full text Link to item Cite

Patient-Informed Treatment Development of Behavioral Smoking Cessation for People With Schizophrenia.

Journal Article Behav Ther · March 2019 The objective of this study was to use qualitative methodology to tailor and refine an existing smoking cessation intervention for the population of people who use cigarettes and are diagnosed with schizophrenia, schizoaffective, or psychotic disorder. Suc ... Full text Link to item Cite

Cigarette smoking rates among veterans: Association with rurality and psychiatric disorders.

Journal Article Addict Behav · March 2019 AIMS: Compared to the general U.S. population, military veterans and those living in rural areas disproportionately smoke cigarettes at higher rates, leading to increased health consequences. In the current study, prevalence and severity of cigarette smoki ... Full text Link to item Cite

Nonsuicidal Self-Injury and Borderline Personality Features as Risk Factors for Suicidal Ideation Among Male Veterans With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

Journal Article J Trauma Stress · February 2019 U.S. veterans are at increased risk for suicide compared to their civilian counterparts and account for approximately 20% of all deaths by suicide. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and borderline personality features (BPF) have each been associated wit ... Full text Link to item Cite

Roles of Guilt Cognitions in Trauma-Related Sleep Disturbance in Military Veterans With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

Journal Article Behav Sleep Med · 2019 Objective/Background: Despite a well-established role of guilt cognitions in the maintenance and treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), relationships of guilt cognitions to nightmares are not well understood. This study investigated the ways in ... Full text Link to item Cite

Cannabis Use Disorder and Post-Deployment Suicide Attempts in Iraq/Afghanistan-Era Veterans.

Journal Article Arch Suicide Res · 2019 The objective of the present study was to use retrospective data to test the hypothesis that cannabis dependence would be associated with an increased rate of post-deployment suicide attempts. Participants included 319 veterans who had deployed to either I ... Full text Link to item Cite

Pilot Trial of a Combined Cognitive Processing Therapy and Smoking Cessation Treatment.

Journal Article J Addict Med · 2019 OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and smoking are often comorbid. Combining PTSD and smoking cessation treatments could increase access to each treatment and could provide improved rates of smoking cessation through reductions in P ... Full text Link to item Cite

The association of resilience on psychiatric, substance use, and physical health outcomes in combat trauma-exposed military service members and veterans.

Journal Article Eur J Psychotraumatol · 2019 Objective: Although Combat exposure is associated with a range of psychiatric outcomes, many veterans do not develop psychopathology. Resilience is a multifaceted construct associated with reduced risk of distress and psychopathology; however, few studies ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Behavioral and Health Outcomes Associated With Deployment and Nondeployment Acquisition of Traumatic Brain Injury in Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans.

Journal Article Arch Phys Med Rehabil · December 2018 OBJECTIVE: To characterize behavioral and health outcomes in veterans with traumatic brain injury (TBI) acquired in nondeployment and deployment settings. DESIGN: Cross-sectional assessment evaluating TBI acquired during and outside of deployment, mental a ... Full text Link to item Cite

Telehealth Interventions Designed for Women: an Evidence Map.

Journal Article J Gen Intern Med · December 2018 BACKGROUND: Telehealth employs technology to connect patients to the right healthcare resources at the right time. Women are high utilizers of healthcare with gender-specific health issues that may benefit from the convenience and personalization of telehe ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

A learning collaborative model for implementation of smoking cessation among homeless veterans

Journal Article Journal of Smoking Cessation · September 1, 2018 We evaluated the feasibility of incorporating integrated care (IC) for smoking cessation into routine care for homeless veterans at seven Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Medical Centers and the utility of the learning collaborative (LC) model in facili ... Full text Cite

Psychosocial Risk Factors and Other Than Honorable Military Discharge: Providing Healthcare to Previously Ineligible Veterans.

Journal Article Mil Med · September 1, 2018 INTRODUCTION: In response to a strong focus on suicide prevention for all veterans, the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) recently revised policy to provide emergency mental healthcare for veterans who received Other Than Honorable (OTH) discharges from ... Full text Link to item Cite

Examination of the indirect effects of combat exposure on suicidal behavior in veterans.

Journal Article J Affect Disord · August 1, 2018 BACKGROUND: Researchers have theorized that increased rates of suicide in the military are associated with combat exposure; however, this hypothesis has received inconsistent support in the literature, potentially because combat exposure may be indirectly ... Full text Link to item Cite

Informing Federal Policy on Firearm Restrictions for Veterans with Fiduciaries: Risk Indicators in the Post-Deployment Mental Health Study.

Journal Article Adm Policy Ment Health · July 2018 This article examines the public safety rationale for a federal policy of prohibiting gun sales to veterans with psychiatric disabilities who are assigned a fiduciary to manage their benefits from the Department of Veterans Affairs. The policy was evaluate ... Full text Link to item Cite

The Association Between Alcohol Consumption, Lifetime Alcohol Use Disorder, and Psychiatric Distress Among Male and Female Veterans.

Journal Article J Stud Alcohol Drugs · July 2018 OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine among veterans (a) whether alcohol consumption patterns are associated with probability of psychiatric symptoms and (b) whether an alcohol use disorder (AUD) history explains psychiatric symptoms among nondrinkers. ME ... Full text Link to item Cite

Risk factors for concurrent suicidal ideation and violent impulses in military veterans.

Journal Article Psychol Assess · April 2018 Suicide and violence are significant problems in a subset of Iraq/Afghanistan-era veterans. This study investigates how posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and resilience in veterans are associated with suicidal ideation and violent impulses while control ... Full text Link to item Cite

TELEHEALTH FOR WOMEN: AN EVIDENCE MAP

Conference JOURNAL OF GENERAL INTERNAL MEDICINE · April 1, 2018 Link to item Cite

Association of posttraumatic stress disorder and traumatic brain injury with aggressive driving in Iraq and Afghanistan combat veterans.

Journal Article Rehabil Psychol · February 2018 PURPOSE: Aggressive driving contributes to the high rates of postdeployment motor vehicle-related injury and death observed among veterans, and veterans cite problems with anger, aggressive driving, and road rage as being among their most pressing driving- ... Full text Link to item Cite

The association of alcohol consumption patterns with self-rated physical health and psychiatric distress among Afghanistan- and Iraq-era U.S. veterans.

Journal Article Psychiatry Res · January 2018 Alcohol misuse is associated with negative mental and physical health outcomes, which presents a public health concern in veterans. However, less is known regarding outcomes among veterans with low to moderate alcohol consumption. This study included veter ... Full text Link to item Cite

Brain Structural Covariance Network Topology in Remitted Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

Journal Article Front Psychiatry · 2018 Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a prevalent, chronic disorder with high psychiatric morbidity; however, a substantial portion of affected individuals experience remission after onset. Alterations in brain network topology derived from cortical thic ... Full text Link to item Cite

A Randomized Clinical Trial of Nicotine Preloading for Smoking Cessation in People with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

Journal Article J Dual Diagn · 2018 OBJECTIVE: The aim of this research was to determine whether augmenting standard smoking cessation treatment by wearing an active nicotine patch before the smoking quit date improves rates of smoking cessation in individuals with posttraumatic stress disor ... Full text Link to item Cite

Contingency Management Versus Psychotherapy for Prenatal Smoking Cessation: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

Journal Article Womens Health Issues · 2018 OBJECTIVES: Prenatal smoking is the leading preventable cause of poor obstetric outcomes, yet treatment options are limited. Past reviews of prenatal smoking cessation have often grouped all counseling into a single category, which ignores the fact that ps ... Full text Link to item Cite

Exploring resilience models in a sample of combat-exposed military service members and veterans: a comparison and commentary.

Journal Article Eur J Psychotraumatol · 2018 Background: The term resilience is applied in numerous ways in the mental health field, leading to different perspectives of what constitutes a resilient response and disparate findings regarding its prevalence following trauma. Objective: illustrate the i ... Full text Link to item Cite

Sleep quality in returning veterans: The influence of mild traumatic brain injury.

Journal Article Rehabil Psychol · November 2017 OBJECTIVE: Sleep disturbance is a key behavioral health concern among Iraq and Afghanistan era veterans and is a frequent complaint among veterans with a history of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). Currently, it is unclear whether sleep disturbance is a ... Full text Link to item Cite

Validation of Veterans Affairs Electronic Medical Record Smoking Data Among Iraq- and Afghanistan-Era Veterans.

Journal Article J Gen Intern Med · November 2017 BACKGROUND: Research using the Veterans Health Administration (VA) electronic medical records (EMR) has been limited by a lack of reliable smoking data. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the validity of using VA EMR "Health Factors" data to determine smoking status a ... Full text Link to item Cite

Self-Reported Pain in Male and Female Iraq/Afghanistan-Era Veterans: Associations with Psychiatric Symptoms and Functioning.

Journal Article Pain Med · September 1, 2017 OBJECTIVE: To examine pain symptoms and co-occurring psychiatric and functional indices in male and female Iraq/Afghanistan-era veterans. DESIGN: Self-reported data collection and interviews of Iraq/Afghanistan-era veterans who participated in a multisite ... Full text Link to item Cite

Cigarette Smoking and Musculoskeletal Pain Severity Among Male and Female Afghanistan/Iraq Era Veterans.

Journal Article Pain Med · September 1, 2017 OBJECTIVE: Cigarette smoking and musculoskeletal pain are prevalent among Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) health care system users. These conditions frequently co-occur; however, there is limited empirical information specific to Afghanistan/Iraq era v ... Full text Link to item Cite

Cannabis use disorder and suicide attempts in Iraq/Afghanistan-era veterans.

Journal Article J Psychiatr Res · June 2017 The objective of the present research was to examine the association between lifetime cannabis use disorder (CUD), current suicidal ideation, and lifetime history of suicide attempts in a large and diverse sample of Iraq/Afghanistan-era veterans (N = 3233) ... Full text Link to item Cite

Nonsuicidal self-injury and interpersonal violence in U.S. veterans seeking help for posttraumatic stress disorder.

Journal Article Psychiatry Res · January 2017 Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) has been defined as deliberately damaging one's body tissue without conscious suicidal intent. NSSI is a robust predictor of suicidal ideation and attempts in adults. While NSSI has been associated with other-directed violenc ... Full text Link to item Cite

Comparative Effectiveness of an Internet-Based Smoking Cessation Intervention Versus Clinic-Based Specialty Care for Veterans.

Journal Article J Subst Abuse Treat · October 2016 INTRODUCTION: The primary objective of this project was to examine the effectiveness of an Internet-based smoking cessation intervention combined with a tele-health medication clinic for nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) compared to referral to clinic-bas ... Full text Link to item Cite

Racial and Sociodemographic Disparities in Internet Access and eHealth Intervention Utilization Among Veteran Smokers.

Journal Article J Racial Ethn Health Disparities · September 15, 2016 INTRODUCTION: Access to the internet at home may be an important barrier to electronic health (eHealth) smoking cessation interventions. The current study explored possible sociodemographic disparities in access to the internet at home among veteran smoker ... Full text Link to item Cite

Examining the Crux of Autonomic Dysfunction in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Whether Chronic or Situational Distress Underlies Elevated Heart Rate and Attenuated Heart Rate Variability.

Journal Article Psychosom Med · September 2016 OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been linked to elevated heart rate (HR) and reduced heart rate variability (HRV) in cross-sectional research. Using ecological momentary assessment and minute-to-minute HRV/HR monitoring, we examined whet ... Full text Link to item Cite

Roles of inter-individual differences and intra-individual acute elevations in early smoking lapse in people with posttraumatic stress disorder.

Journal Article Addict Behav · September 2016 Existing models of the role of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and smoking have almost exclusively examined mean symptom levels, rather than the acute elevations that might trigger smoking lapse immediately or increase risk of a smoking lapse ... Full text Link to item Cite

Supplemental nicotine preloading for smoking cessation in posttraumatic stress disorder: Results from a randomized controlled trial.

Journal Article Addict Behav · August 2016 BACKGROUND: Individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are more likely to smoke and more likely to relapse following a quit attempt than individuals without PTSD. Thus, there is a significant need to study promising interventions that might impr ... Full text Link to item Cite

Sexual revictimization among Iraq and Afghanistan war era veterans.

Journal Article Psychiatry Res · June 30, 2016 Research in both civilian and military populations has demonstrated that females who experience childhood sexual abuse (CSA) are more likely to experience sexual assault in adulthood than females who did not experience CSA. Among veteran samples, however, ... Full text Link to item Cite

The prevalence of binge drinking and receipt of provider drinking advice among US veterans with military service in Iraq or Afghanistan.

Journal Article Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse · May 2016 BACKGROUND: Binge drinking is a significant public health concern linked to a number of health and psychosocial problems. Military service in Afghanistan (OEF) and Iraq (OIF) has been associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and increased hazar ... Full text Link to item Cite

Pilot Cases of Combined Cognitive Processing Therapy and Smoking Cessation for Smokers With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

Journal Article Behav Ther · January 2016 Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and smoking are often comorbid, and both problems are in need of improved access to evidence-based treatment. The combined approach could address two high-priority problems and increase patient access to both treatments ... Full text Link to item Cite

Effect of genetic variation in the nicotinic receptor genes on risk for posttraumatic stress disorder.

Journal Article Psychiatry Res · September 30, 2015 The present study examined the association between genetic variation in the nicotinic receptor gene family (CHRNA2, CHRNA3, CHRNA4, CHRNA5, CHRNA6, CHRNA7, CHRNA9, CHRNA10, CHRNB2, CHRNB3, CHRNB4) and the occurrence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). ... Full text Link to item Cite

Electronic Interventions for Alcohol Misuse and Alcohol Use Disorders: A Systematic Review.

Journal Article Ann Intern Med · August 4, 2015 BACKGROUND: The use of electronic interventions (e-interventions) may improve treatment of alcohol misuse. PURPOSE: To characterize treatment intensity and systematically review the evidence for efficacy of e-interventions, relative to controls, for reduci ... Full text Link to item Cite

Multicomponent smoking cessation treatment including mobile contingency management in homeless veterans.

Journal Article J Clin Psychiatry · July 2015 INTRODUCTION: Smoking rates are 80% among persons who are homeless, and these smokers have decreased odds of quitting smoking. Little is known about relapse rates among homeless smokers. More information is needed regarding both quit rates and innovative m ... Full text Link to item Cite

Drug use and childhood-, military- and post-military trauma exposure among women and men veterans.

Journal Article Drug Alcohol Depend · July 1, 2015 BACKGROUND: The current study was undertaken to examine whether posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and depressive symptoms mediated the association between trauma exposure (combat-related trauma and non-combat traumas occurring before, during, and after ... Full text Link to item Cite

Mindfulness meditation alleviates fibromyalgia symptoms in women: results of a randomized clinical trial.

Journal Article Ann Behav Med · June 2015 BACKGROUND: Several recent reviews have evaluated evidence on the efficacy of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) among fibromyalgia sufferers, and concluded that more research should test effects on both psychological and physiological functioning. ... Full text Link to item Cite

Orthostatic hypotension in young adults with and without posttraumatic stress disorder.

Journal Article Psychol Trauma · May 2015 The purpose of this research is (a) to evaluate differences in orthostatic hypotension (OH) among young adults with and without posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and (b) to examine whether group differences may be attributable to behavioral risk factors ... Full text Link to item Cite

Do ethnicity and gender moderate the influence of posttraumatic stress disorder on time to smoking lapse?

Journal Article Addict Behav · July 2014 BACKGROUND: Following a smoking cessation attempt, smokers with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) experience smoking relapse at a higher and faster rate. Black ethnicity and female gender are also associated with lower success rates following smoking ce ... Full text Link to item Cite

Ecological momentary assessment of posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms during a smoking quit attempt.

Journal Article Nicotine Tob Res · April 2014 INTRODUCTION: Smokers with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) tend to lapse more quickly following a quit attempt, which might be explained by changes in PTSD symptoms during a quit attempt. The present study examines changes in PTSD symptoms, negative a ... Full text Link to item Cite

Associations between smoking and psychiatric comorbidity in U.S. Iraq- and Afghanistan-era veterans.

Journal Article Psychol Addict Behav · December 2013 The risk of smoking increases with specific psychiatric diagnoses (e.g., posttraumatic stress disorder); but the risk has also been shown to increase as a function of the number of psychiatric illnesses with which a person is diagnosed. The current study e ... Full text Link to item Cite

Mobile contingency management as an adjunctive smoking cessation treatment for smokers with posttraumatic stress disorder.

Journal Article Nicotine Tob Res · November 2013 INTRODUCTION: Smokers with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) smoke at higher prevalence rates and are more likely to relapse early in a quit attempt. Innovative methods are needed to enhance quit rates, particularly in the early quit period. Web-based c ... Full text Link to item Cite

Predictors of lapse in first week of smoking abstinence in PTSD and non-PTSD smokers.

Journal Article Nicotine Tob Res · June 2013 INTRODUCTION: Retrospective research suggests smokers with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) lapse more quickly after their quit date. Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) research is needed to confirm the presence of early smoking lapse in PTSD and fo ... Full text Link to item Cite

The impact of race on metabolic disease risk factors in women with and without posttraumatic stress disorder.

Journal Article J Clin Psychol Med Settings · March 2013 The literature on PTSD and metabolic disease risk factors has been limited by lacking investigation of the potential influence of commonly comorbid disorders and the role of race. In this study data were provided by a sample of 134 women (63 PTSD and 71 wi ... Full text Link to item Cite

Diurnal cortisol rhythm as a predictor of lung cancer survival.

Journal Article Brain Behav Immun · March 2013 BACKGROUND: Poorly coordinated diurnal cortisol and circadian rest-activity rhythms predict earlier mortality in metastatic breast and colorectal cancer, respectively. We examined the prognostic value of the diurnal cortisol rhythm in lung cancer. METHODS: ... Full text Link to item Cite

Exploration of the influence of childhood trauma, combat exposure, and the resilience construct on depression and suicidal ideation among U.S. Iraq/Afghanistan era military personnel and veterans.

Journal Article Arch Suicide Res · 2013 This study evaluated the effect of childhood trauma exposure and the role of resilience on both depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation. The study evaluated 1,488 military personnel and veterans, who served after September 2001, for depressive, suicidal, ... Full text Link to item Cite

The effect of draft DSM-V criteria on posttraumatic stress disorder prevalence.

Journal Article Depress Anxiety · December 2012 BACKGROUND: This study was designed to examine the concordance of proposed DSM-V posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) criteria with DSM-IV classification rules and examine the impact of the proposed DSM-V PTSD criteria on prevalence. METHOD: The sample (N ... Full text Link to item Cite

Consumer perspectives on genetic testing for psychiatric disorders: the attitudes of veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder and their families.

Journal Article Genet Test Mol Biomarkers · September 2012 The perspectives of patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) on genetic research have not yet been investigated in the genetics research literature. To provide a basis for research on attitudes toward genetic research in PTSD, we surveyed the U.S ... Full text Link to item Cite

Stress, coping, and circadian disruption among women awaiting breast cancer surgery.

Journal Article Ann Behav Med · August 2012 BACKGROUND: Psychological distress and coping related to a breast cancer diagnosis can profoundly affect psychological adjustment, possibly resulting in the disruption of circadian rest/activity and cortisol rhythms, which are prognostic for early mortalit ... Full text Link to item Cite

Childhood trauma exposure in Iraq and Afghanistan war era veterans: implications for posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms and adult functional social support.

Journal Article Child Abuse Negl · May 2012 OBJECTIVE: This study examined the relationship among childhood trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, and adult social support in a large sample of veterans who served in the military after 09/11/2001, with a specific focus on the potentia ... Full text Link to item Cite

Smoking withdrawal in smokers with and without posttraumatic stress disorder.

Journal Article Nicotine Tob Res · March 2012 INTRODUCTION: Previous research on smoking withdrawal in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been limited by the use of retrospective and observational methods and has lacked repeated assessments on the first day of abstinence and evaluation of the co ... Full text Link to item Cite

P1-01-15: Do Serum Cytokines Predict Breast Cancer Behavior?

Journal Article Cancer Research · December 15, 2011 AbstractIntroduction: The role of inflammation in breast cancer development and progression is poorly understood. The potential for serum cytokines to predict breast cancer behavior is an intriguing hypothes ... Full text Cite

The relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder and smoking outcome expectancies among U.S. military veterans who served since September 11, 2001.

Journal Article J Trauma Stress · June 2011 Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with increased rates of smoking although little is known regarding the mechanisms underlying this relationship. The current study examined expectations about smoking outcomes among smokers with and without ... Full text Link to item Cite

Depression may mediate the relationship between sense of coherence and quality of life in lung cancer patients.

Journal Article J Health Psychol · March 2011 Lung cancer patients generally experience high levels of physical and psychological distress and decreased quality of life (QOL). Sense of coherence (SOC) has been conceptualized as a personality orientation reflecting the degree to which an individual per ... Full text Link to item Cite

Public health clinical demonstration project for smoking cessation in american veterans who served since september 11, 2001.

Journal Article J Addict Med · March 2011 OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this clinical demonstration project was to increase the reach of effective treatments, such as pharmacotherapy and telephone or web-based support, by offering these treatments in a low cost and convenient manner to a population of ... Full text Link to item Cite

Abstract P2-12-01: Is Cancer-Specific Distress Correlated with Time to Definitive Surgery in Breast Cancer Patients?

Journal Article Cancer Research · December 15, 2010 AbstractINTRODUCTION: A number of studies have investigated factors influencing delay in seeking medical care for self-detected breast symptoms. Few, however, have sought to understand factors that are corre ... Full text Cite

Childhood traumatic stress and obesity in women: the intervening effects of PTSD and MDD.

Journal Article J Trauma Stress · December 2010 In this study, symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) were modeled as intervening variables in the relationship between childhood traumatic stress and weight outcomes in civilian women in the United States. Of ... Full text Link to item Cite

Posttraumatic stress disorder, cardiovascular, and metabolic disease: a review of the evidence.

Journal Article Ann Behav Med · February 2010 BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a significant risk factor for cardiovascular and metabolic disease. PURPOSE: The purpose of the current review is to evaluate the evidence suggesting that PTSD increases cardiovascular and metabolic risk ... Full text Link to item Cite

Depressive symptoms and mortality in lung transplant.

Journal Article Clin Transplant · 2010 OBJECTIVE: To determine whether depressive symptoms predicted survival before and after lung transplantation. We hypothesized that depressive symptoms might predict survival of wait-listed patients, but would not predict survival post-transplant. METHODS: ... Full text Link to item Cite

Public health clinical demonstration project for smoking cessation in veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder.

Journal Article Addict Behav · January 2010 Veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder are at high risk for smoking and experience difficulty with smoking cessation. We designed this clinical demonstration project to provide a low-cost, feasibly implemented smoking cessation intervention that would ... Full text Link to item Cite

Adverse childhood events are associated with obesity and disordered eating: results from a U.S. population-based survey of young adults.

Journal Article J Trauma Stress · August 2009 The authors investigated the relationship between childhood abuse and obesity in young adulthood (M age = 22) in a large, U.S. representative sample (N = 15,197). Controlling for demographics and depression, men with a history of childhood sexual abuse wer ... Full text Link to item Cite

Association of trauma exposure with psychiatric morbidity in military veterans who have served since September 11, 2001.

Journal Article J Psychiatr Res · June 2009 OBJECTIVE: This study examined the association of lifetime traumatic stress with psychiatric diagnostic status and symptom severity in veterans serving in the US military after 9/11/01. METHOD: Data from 356 US military veterans were analyzed. Measures inc ... Full text Link to item Cite

Smoking and immunity among lung cancer patients

Journal Article ANNALS OF BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE · March 1, 2008 Link to item Cite

Biological correlates of social support in gynecologic cancer patients

Journal Article ANNALS OF BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE · March 1, 2008 Link to item Cite

Childhood trauma and diurnal cortisol disruption in fibromyalgia syndrome.

Journal Article Psychoneuroendocrinology · April 2006 Adults with fibromyalgia syndrome report high rates of childhood trauma. Neuroendocrine abnormalities have also been noted in this population. Exploratory analyses tested relationships between retrospective reports of childhood trauma and diurnal salivary ... Full text Link to item Cite

Religiosity may help preserve the cortisol rhythm in women with stress-related illness.

Journal Article Int J Psychiatry Med · 2004 OBJECTIVE: Fibromyalgia has been characterized as a basic disorder of endocrine stress responses in which psychological stress has been linked both with etiology and symptom severity. This study investigated associations of religiosity and spirituality wit ... Full text Link to item Cite

Traumatic events and health in women with fibromyalgia

Journal Article Journal of Psychosomatic Research · August 2003 Full text Cite

Mindfulness-based stress reduction and sense of coherence among women with fibromyalgia

Journal Article Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings · December 1, 2002 Sense of Coherence (SOC) is conceptualized as a disposition to experience life as meaningful and manageable. Research suggests a protective effect of SOC on psychological health in stressful circumstances. This study assessed the capacity of SOC to buffer ... Full text Cite