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Jennifer Godwin

Research Scientist
Center for Child and Family Policy
Box 90545, Durham, NC 27708
Rubenstein Hall, 302 Towerview Road, Durham, NC 27708

Selected Publications


Kindergarten conduct problems are associated with monetized outcomes in adolescence and adulthood.

Journal Article Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines · March 2024 BackgroundAcross several sites in the United States, we examined whether kindergarten conduct problems among mostly population-representative samples of children were associated with increased criminal and related (criminal + lost offender product ... Full text Cite

Intergenerational Effects of a Family Cash Transfer on the Home Environment.

Journal Article J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry · March 2024 OBJECTIVE: A natural experiment that provided income supplements to families has been associated with beneficial outcomes for children that persisted into adulthood. The children in this study are now adults, and many are parents. METHOD: The study builds ... Full text Link to item Cite

Intergenerational Effects of the Fast Track Intervention on Next-Generation Child Outcomes: A Preregistered Randomized Clinical Trial.

Journal Article Am J Psychiatry · March 1, 2024 OBJECTIVE: The authors sought to determine whether the Fast Track mental health intervention delivered to individuals in childhood decreased mental health problems and the need for health services among the children of these individuals. METHODS: The autho ... Full text Link to item Cite

Alcohol Use and Abstinence throughout Adolescence: The Changing Contributions of Perceived Risk of Drinking, Opportunities to Drink, and Self-Control.

Journal Article Substance use & misuse · January 2024 Objective: Adolescence is characterized by psychosocial and cognitive changes that can alter the perceived risk of negative effects of alcohol, opportunities to drink, and self-control. Few studies have investigated whether these factors change in t ... Full text Cite

PATTERNS OF SINGLEHOOD, COHABITATION, AND MARRIAGE IN EARLY ADULTHOOD IN RELATION TO WELL-BEING IN ESTABLISHED ADULTHOOD

Journal Article Research in Human Development · January 1, 2024 In a cohort followed from late adolescence until established adulthood, this study examined how singlehood, cohabitation, and marriage at different ages are related to well-being at age 34. Participants (N = 585) from three U.S. sites reported their marita ... Full text Cite

Impulsivity profiles across five harmonized longitudinal childhood preventive interventions and associations with adult outcomes

Journal Article Development and Psychopathology · January 1, 2024 This study aimed to parse between-person heterogeneity in growth of impulsivity across childhood and adolescence among participants enrolled in five childhood preventive intervention trials targeting conduct problems. In addition, we aimed to test profile ... Full text Cite

Child and Adolescent Psychopathology and Subsequent Harmful Behaviors Associated with Premature Mortality: A Selective Review and Future Directions.

Journal Article Clinical child and family psychology review · December 2023 In the United States (U.S.), premature mortality in adulthood from suicide, alcohol-related disease, and substance overdoses has increased steadily over the past two decades. To better understand these trends, it is necessary to first examine the harmful b ... Full text Cite

Psychosis Symptom Trajectories Across Childhood and Adolescence in Three Longitudinal Studies: An Integrative Data Analysis with Mixture Modeling.

Journal Article Prevention science : the official journal of the Society for Prevention Research · November 2023 Psychotic-like experiences (PLEs) are common throughout childhood, and the presence of these experiences is a significant risk factor for poor mental health later in development. Given the association of PLEs with a broad number of mental health diagnoses, ... Full text Cite

Predictors of problematic adult alcohol, cannabis, and other substance use: A longitudinal study of two samples.

Journal Article Development and psychopathology · October 2023 This study examined whether a key set of adolescent and early adulthood risk factors predicts problematic alcohol, cannabis, and other substance use in established adulthood. Two independent samples from the Child Development Project (CDP; n = 585; ... Full text Cite

Pre-pandemic psychological and behavioral predictors of responses to the COVID-19 pandemic in nine countries.

Journal Article Development and psychopathology · August 2023 Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, adolescents (N = 1,330; Mages = 15 and 16; 50% female), mothers, and fathers from nine countries (China, Colombia, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, Philippines, Sweden, Thailand, United States) reported on adol ... Full text Cite

Intergenerational effects of the Fast Track intervention on the home environment: A randomized control trial.

Journal Article J Child Psychol Psychiatry · May 2023 BACKGROUND: Maladaptive family environments harm child development and are passed across generations. Childhood interventions may break this intergenerational cycle by improving the family environments children form as adults. The present study investigate ... Full text Link to item Cite

Defining despair: Assessing the multidimensionality of despair and its association with suicidality and substance use in early to middle adulthood.

Journal Article Soc Sci Med · March 2023 Despite considerable scientific interest in documenting growing despair among U.S. adults, far less attention has been paid to defining despair and identifying appropriate measures. Emerging perspectives from social science and psychiatry outline a compreh ... Full text Link to item Cite

Fast Track intervention effects on family formation.

Journal Article J Fam Psychol · February 2023 The present study examines whether the Fast Track (FT) intervention, a 10-year randomized controlled trial with children at risk for conduct problems, affects family formation in adulthood, as indexed by partnerships, parenthood, and family structure, and ... Full text Link to item Cite

The HOME-21: A revised measure of the home environment for the 21st century tested in two independent samples.

Journal Article Psychol Assess · January 2023 For decades, the Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment (HOME) has been the most widely used measure of children's home environments. This report provides a revised version of the HOME-Short Form, the HOME-21, reflecting historical changes in ... Full text Link to item Cite

Change in Caregivers' Attitudes and Use of Corporal Punishment Following a Legal Ban: A Multi-Country Longitudinal Comparison.

Journal Article Child maltreatment · November 2022 We examined whether a policy banning corporal punishment enacted in Kenya in 2010 is associated with changes in Kenyan caregivers' use of corporal punishment and beliefs in its effectiveness and normativeness, and compared to caregivers in six countries wi ... Full text Cite

Long-term Outcomes of Childhood Family Income Supplements on Adult Functioning.

Journal Article JAMA Pediatr · October 1, 2022 IMPORTANCE: During an ongoing longitudinal cohort study, a casino opening created a natural cash transfer experiment. Some participating families received income supplements, and others did not. The children in this study are now adults. OBJECTIVE: To asse ... Full text Link to item Cite

A defensive mindset: A pattern of social information processing that develops early and predicts life course outcomes.

Journal Article Child development · July 2022 The hypothesis was tested that some children develop a defensive mindset that subsumes individual social information processing (SIP) steps, grows from early experiences, and guides long-term outcomes. In Study 1 (Fast Track [FT]), 463 age-5 children (45% ... Full text Open Access Cite

Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on substance use among adults without children, parents, and adolescents.

Journal Article Addict Behav Rep · December 2021 Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on alcohol and illicit substance use among adults without children, parents, and adolescents was investigated through two studies with five samples from independent ongoing U.S. longitudinal studies. In Study 1, 931 adults w ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Parent-adolescent relationship quality as a moderator of links between COVID-19 disruption and reported changes in mothers' and young adults' adjustment in five countries.

Journal Article Developmental psychology · October 2021 The COVID-19 pandemic has presented families around the world with extraordinary challenges related to physical and mental health, economic security, social support, and education. The current study capitalizes on a longitudinal, cross-national study of pa ... Full text Cite

Development of individuals' own and perceptions of peers' substance use from early adolescence to adulthood.

Journal Article Addictive behaviors · September 2021 This study evaluated how individuals' own substance use and their perception of peers' substance use predict each other across development from early adolescence to middle adulthood. Participants were from two longitudinal studies: Fast Track (FT; N = 463) ... Full text Cite

Kindergarten conduct problems are associated with monetized outcomes in adolescence and adulthood.

Journal Article Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines · March 2024 BackgroundAcross several sites in the United States, we examined whether kindergarten conduct problems among mostly population-representative samples of children were associated with increased criminal and related (criminal + lost offender product ... Full text Cite

Intergenerational Effects of a Family Cash Transfer on the Home Environment.

Journal Article J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry · March 2024 OBJECTIVE: A natural experiment that provided income supplements to families has been associated with beneficial outcomes for children that persisted into adulthood. The children in this study are now adults, and many are parents. METHOD: The study builds ... Full text Link to item Cite

Intergenerational Effects of the Fast Track Intervention on Next-Generation Child Outcomes: A Preregistered Randomized Clinical Trial.

Journal Article Am J Psychiatry · March 1, 2024 OBJECTIVE: The authors sought to determine whether the Fast Track mental health intervention delivered to individuals in childhood decreased mental health problems and the need for health services among the children of these individuals. METHODS: The autho ... Full text Link to item Cite

Alcohol Use and Abstinence throughout Adolescence: The Changing Contributions of Perceived Risk of Drinking, Opportunities to Drink, and Self-Control.

Journal Article Substance use & misuse · January 2024 Objective: Adolescence is characterized by psychosocial and cognitive changes that can alter the perceived risk of negative effects of alcohol, opportunities to drink, and self-control. Few studies have investigated whether these factors change in t ... Full text Cite

PATTERNS OF SINGLEHOOD, COHABITATION, AND MARRIAGE IN EARLY ADULTHOOD IN RELATION TO WELL-BEING IN ESTABLISHED ADULTHOOD

Journal Article Research in Human Development · January 1, 2024 In a cohort followed from late adolescence until established adulthood, this study examined how singlehood, cohabitation, and marriage at different ages are related to well-being at age 34. Participants (N = 585) from three U.S. sites reported their marita ... Full text Cite

Impulsivity profiles across five harmonized longitudinal childhood preventive interventions and associations with adult outcomes

Journal Article Development and Psychopathology · January 1, 2024 This study aimed to parse between-person heterogeneity in growth of impulsivity across childhood and adolescence among participants enrolled in five childhood preventive intervention trials targeting conduct problems. In addition, we aimed to test profile ... Full text Cite

Child and Adolescent Psychopathology and Subsequent Harmful Behaviors Associated with Premature Mortality: A Selective Review and Future Directions.

Journal Article Clinical child and family psychology review · December 2023 In the United States (U.S.), premature mortality in adulthood from suicide, alcohol-related disease, and substance overdoses has increased steadily over the past two decades. To better understand these trends, it is necessary to first examine the harmful b ... Full text Cite

Psychosis Symptom Trajectories Across Childhood and Adolescence in Three Longitudinal Studies: An Integrative Data Analysis with Mixture Modeling.

Journal Article Prevention science : the official journal of the Society for Prevention Research · November 2023 Psychotic-like experiences (PLEs) are common throughout childhood, and the presence of these experiences is a significant risk factor for poor mental health later in development. Given the association of PLEs with a broad number of mental health diagnoses, ... Full text Cite

Predictors of problematic adult alcohol, cannabis, and other substance use: A longitudinal study of two samples.

Journal Article Development and psychopathology · October 2023 This study examined whether a key set of adolescent and early adulthood risk factors predicts problematic alcohol, cannabis, and other substance use in established adulthood. Two independent samples from the Child Development Project (CDP; n = 585; ... Full text Cite

Pre-pandemic psychological and behavioral predictors of responses to the COVID-19 pandemic in nine countries.

Journal Article Development and psychopathology · August 2023 Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, adolescents (N = 1,330; Mages = 15 and 16; 50% female), mothers, and fathers from nine countries (China, Colombia, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, Philippines, Sweden, Thailand, United States) reported on adol ... Full text Cite

Intergenerational effects of the Fast Track intervention on the home environment: A randomized control trial.

Journal Article J Child Psychol Psychiatry · May 2023 BACKGROUND: Maladaptive family environments harm child development and are passed across generations. Childhood interventions may break this intergenerational cycle by improving the family environments children form as adults. The present study investigate ... Full text Link to item Cite

Defining despair: Assessing the multidimensionality of despair and its association with suicidality and substance use in early to middle adulthood.

Journal Article Soc Sci Med · March 2023 Despite considerable scientific interest in documenting growing despair among U.S. adults, far less attention has been paid to defining despair and identifying appropriate measures. Emerging perspectives from social science and psychiatry outline a compreh ... Full text Link to item Cite

Fast Track intervention effects on family formation.

Journal Article J Fam Psychol · February 2023 The present study examines whether the Fast Track (FT) intervention, a 10-year randomized controlled trial with children at risk for conduct problems, affects family formation in adulthood, as indexed by partnerships, parenthood, and family structure, and ... Full text Link to item Cite

The HOME-21: A revised measure of the home environment for the 21st century tested in two independent samples.

Journal Article Psychol Assess · January 2023 For decades, the Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment (HOME) has been the most widely used measure of children's home environments. This report provides a revised version of the HOME-Short Form, the HOME-21, reflecting historical changes in ... Full text Link to item Cite

Change in Caregivers' Attitudes and Use of Corporal Punishment Following a Legal Ban: A Multi-Country Longitudinal Comparison.

Journal Article Child maltreatment · November 2022 We examined whether a policy banning corporal punishment enacted in Kenya in 2010 is associated with changes in Kenyan caregivers' use of corporal punishment and beliefs in its effectiveness and normativeness, and compared to caregivers in six countries wi ... Full text Cite

Long-term Outcomes of Childhood Family Income Supplements on Adult Functioning.

Journal Article JAMA Pediatr · October 1, 2022 IMPORTANCE: During an ongoing longitudinal cohort study, a casino opening created a natural cash transfer experiment. Some participating families received income supplements, and others did not. The children in this study are now adults. OBJECTIVE: To asse ... Full text Link to item Cite

A defensive mindset: A pattern of social information processing that develops early and predicts life course outcomes.

Journal Article Child development · July 2022 The hypothesis was tested that some children develop a defensive mindset that subsumes individual social information processing (SIP) steps, grows from early experiences, and guides long-term outcomes. In Study 1 (Fast Track [FT]), 463 age-5 children (45% ... Full text Open Access Cite

Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on substance use among adults without children, parents, and adolescents.

Journal Article Addict Behav Rep · December 2021 Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on alcohol and illicit substance use among adults without children, parents, and adolescents was investigated through two studies with five samples from independent ongoing U.S. longitudinal studies. In Study 1, 931 adults w ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Parent-adolescent relationship quality as a moderator of links between COVID-19 disruption and reported changes in mothers' and young adults' adjustment in five countries.

Journal Article Developmental psychology · October 2021 The COVID-19 pandemic has presented families around the world with extraordinary challenges related to physical and mental health, economic security, social support, and education. The current study capitalizes on a longitudinal, cross-national study of pa ... Full text Cite

Development of individuals' own and perceptions of peers' substance use from early adolescence to adulthood.

Journal Article Addictive behaviors · September 2021 This study evaluated how individuals' own substance use and their perception of peers' substance use predict each other across development from early adolescence to middle adulthood. Participants were from two longitudinal studies: Fast Track (FT; N = 463) ... Full text Cite

Prevalence and Childhood Precursors of Opioid Use in the Early Decades of Life.

Journal Article JAMA Pediatr · March 1, 2021 IMPORTANCE: Opioid use disorder and opioid deaths have increased dramatically in young adults in the US, but the age-related course or precursors to opioid use among young people are not fully understood. OBJECTIVE: To document age-related changes in opioi ... Full text Link to item Cite

Early Physical Abuse and Adult Outcomes.

Journal Article Pediatrics · January 2021 BackgroundBecause most physical abuse goes unreported and researchers largely rely on retrospective reports of childhood abuse or prospective samples with substantiated maltreatment, long-term outcomes of physical abuse in US community samples are ... Full text Cite

The Fast Track intervention's impact on behaviors of despair in adolescence and young adulthood.

Journal Article Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America · December 2020 How to mitigate the dramatic increase in the number of self-inflicted deaths from suicide, alcohol-related liver disease, and drug overdose among young adults has become a critical public health question. A promising area of study looks at interventions de ... Full text Cite

Associations of Despair With Suicidality and Substance Misuse Among Young Adults.

Journal Article JAMA Netw Open · June 1, 2020 IMPORTANCE: Deaths of despair is a term that has recently been used to describe the increases in premature mortality from suicides, drug overdoses (particularly from opiates), and alcohol-related liver disease among US adults. Despite the use of the term d ... Full text Link to item Cite

Chaos, danger, and maternal parenting in families: Links with adolescent adjustment in low- and middle-income countries.

Journal Article Developmental science · September 2019 The current longitudinal study is the first comparative investigation across low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) to test the hypothesis that harsher and less affectionate maternal parenting (child age 14 years, on average) statistically mediates the p ... Full text Cite

Using Early Childhood Behavior Problems to Predict Adult Convictions.

Journal Article Journal of abnormal child psychology · May 2019 The current study examined whether teacher and parent ratings of externalizing behavior during kindergarten and 1st grade accurately predicted the presence of adult convictions by age 25. Data were collected as part of the Fast Track Project. Schools were ... Full text Open Access Cite

Parenting, culture, and the development of externalizing behaviors from age 7 to 14 in nine countries.

Journal Article Development and psychopathology · December 2018 Using multilevel models, we examined mother-, father-, and child-reported (N = 1,336 families) externalizing behavior problem trajectories from age 7 to 14 in nine countries (China, Colombia, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, the Philippines, Sweden, Thailand, and the ... Full text Cite

Longitudinal associations between parenting and youth adjustment in twelve cultural groups: Cultural normativeness of parenting as a moderator.

Journal Article Developmental psychology · February 2018 To examine whether the cultural normativeness of parents' beliefs and behaviors moderates the links between those beliefs and behaviors and youths' adjustment, mothers, fathers, and children (N = 1,298 families) from 12 cultural groups in 9 countries (Chin ... Full text Cite

Within- and between-person and group variance in behavior and beliefs in cross-cultural longitudinal data.

Journal Article Journal of adolescence · January 2018 This study grapples with what it means to be part of a cultural group, from a statistical modeling perspective. The method we present compares within- and between-cultural group variability, in behaviors in families. We demonstrate the method using a cross ... Full text Open Access Cite

Reward sensitivity, impulse control, and social cognition as mediators of the link between childhood family adversity and externalizing behavior in eight countries.

Journal Article Development and psychopathology · December 2017 Using data from 1,177 families in eight countries (Colombia, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, the Philippines, Sweden, Thailand, and the United States), we tested a conceptual model of direct effects of childhood family adversity on subsequent externalizing behaviors ... Full text Open Access Cite

Severity and Justness Do Not Moderate the Relation Between Corporal Punishment and Negative Child Outcomes: A Multicultural and Longitudinal Study.

Journal Article International journal of behavioral development · July 2017 There is strong evidence of a positive association between corporal punishment and negative child outcomes, but previous studies have suggested that the manner in which parents implement corporal punishment moderates the effects of its use. This study inve ... Full text Open Access Cite

Mothers', fathers' and children's perceptions of parents' expectations about children's family obligations in nine countries.

Journal Article International journal of psychology : Journal international de psychologie · October 2016 Children's family obligations involve assistance and respect that children are expected to provide to immediate and extended family members and reflect beliefs related to family life that may differ across cultural groups. Mothers, fathers and children (N ... Full text Cite

Predicting academic achievement and attainment: The contribution of early academic skills, attention difficulties, and social competence

Journal Article School Psychology Review · June 1, 2016 Research predicting academic achievement from early academic, attention, and socioemotional skills has largely focused on elementary school outcomes and rarely included peer assessments of social competence. We examined associations between these early chi ... Full text Cite

Individual, family, and culture level contributions to child physical abuse and neglect: A longitudinal study in nine countries.

Journal Article Development and psychopathology · November 2015 This study advances understanding of predictors of child abuse and neglect at multiple levels of influence. Mothers, fathers, and children (N = 1,418 families, M age of children = 8.29 years) were interviewed annually in three waves in 13 cultural groups i ... Full text Cite

Neighborhood Danger, Parental Monitoring, Harsh Parenting, and Child Aggression in Nine Countries.

Journal Article Societies (Basel, Switzerland) · January 2014 Exposure to neighborhood danger during childhood has negative effects that permeate multiple dimensions of childhood. The current study examined whether mothers', fathers', and children's perceptions of neighborhood danger are related to child aggression, ... Full text Cite

Social-information-processing patterns mediate the impact of preventive intervention on adolescent antisocial behavior.

Journal Article Psychological science · April 2013 In the study reported here, we tested the hypothesis that the Fast Track preventive intervention's positive impact on antisocial behavior in adolescence is mediated by its impact on social-cognitive processes during elementary school. Fast Track is the lar ... Full text Cite

Impact of the fast track prevention program on health services use by conduct-problem youth.

Journal Article Pediatrics · January 2010 ObjectiveWe tested the impact of the Fast Track conduct disorder prevention program on the use of pediatric, general health, and mental health services in adolescence.Patients and methodsParticipants were 891 public kindergarten boys and ... Full text Cite

The changing distribution of education finance, 1972 to 1997

Chapter · December 1, 2004 Jonathan Kozol's Savage Inequalities (1991) is a searing indictment of the American system of public education. It paints a bleak picture of inner-city students struggling in overcrowded classrooms and dilapidated buildings. Kozol compares these children t ... Cite

Civic socialization in public and fundamentalist schools

Journal Article Social Science Quarterly · December 1, 2004 Critics of schools governed by fundamentalist religions are concerned that these schools will not socialize students to the attitudes and values appropriate for citizens of a pluralistic liberal democracy. Among these values are support for democratic norm ... Full text Cite