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Matthew E. Dupre

Associate Professor in Population Health Sciences
Population Health Sciences

Selected Publications


Care sequences leading to the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease and related dementias: An analysis of electronic health records.

Journal Article Alzheimers Dement · March 2024 BACKGROUND: We examined the sequences of clinical care leading to diagnoses of Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (ADRD) using electronic health records from a large academic medical center. METHODS: We included patients aged 65+ with their first AD ... Full text Link to item Cite

Association between perceived risk of Alzheimer's disease and related dementias and cognitive function among U.S. older adults.

Journal Article Arch Gerontol Geriatr · December 2023 INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to assess factors associated with the perceived risk of developing Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (ADRD) and how the perceived risk of ADRD was related to cognitive function. METHODS: We conducted a retrosp ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Birth in the U.S. Plantation South and Racial Differences in all-cause mortality in later life.

Journal Article Soc Sci Med · October 2023 The American South has been characterized as a Stroke Belt due to high cardiovascular mortality. We examine whether mortality rates and race differences in rates reflect birthplace exposure to Jim Crow-era inequalities associated with the Plantation South. ... Full text Link to item Cite

Existing Datasets to Study the Impact of Internal Migration on Caregiving Arrangements among Older Adults in China.

Journal Article J Aging Soc Policy · September 3, 2023 Massive rural-to-urban migration in China has a significant impact on informal caregiving arrangements among Chinese older adults. To stimulate research on the intersection of migration and caregiving, we conducted an inventory of longitudinal aging survey ... Full text Link to item Cite

The impact of hearing loss on trajectories of depressive symptoms in married couples.

Journal Article Soc Sci Med · March 2023 Hearing loss is a prevalent chronic stressor among older adults and is associated with numerous adverse health outcomes. The life course principle of linked lives highlights that an individual's stressors can impact the health and well-being of others; how ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Caregiving Network for Persons with Dementia: Profiles of the US and China

Conference JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN GERIATRICS SOCIETY · 2023 Cite

Factors associated with racial differences in all-cause 30-day readmission in adults with cardiovascular disease: an observational study of a large healthcare system.

Journal Article BMJ Open · November 24, 2022 OBJECTIVE: To examine factors contributing to racial differences in 30-day readmission in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD). DESIGN: Patients were enrolled from 1 January 2015 to 31 August 2017 and data were collected from electronic health record ... Full text Link to item Cite

Facility-Level Factors and Racial Disparities in Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation within US Dialysis Clinics.

Journal Article Kidney360 · June 30, 2022 BACKGROUND: Cardiac arrest occurs frequently in outpatient dialysis clinics, and immediate cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) provision improves patient outcomes. However, Black patients in dialysis clinics receive CPR from clinic staff less often compare ... Full text Link to item Cite

Association between the self-reported duration and quality of sleep and cognitive function among middle-aged and older adults in China.

Journal Article J Affect Disord · May 1, 2022 BACKGROUND: The World Alzheimer Report showed that 46.8 million people suffered from dementia in 2015. This study examined how the duration and quality of sleep are associated with cognition among older adults in China. METHOD: Data were drawn from waves 2 ... Full text Link to item Cite

Effectiveness of Telemedicine Visits in Reducing 30-Day Readmissions Among Patients With Heart Failure During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Journal Article J Am Heart Assoc · April 5, 2022 Background The COVID-19 pandemic resulted in a rapid implementation of telemedicine into clinical practice. This study examined whether early outpatient follow-up via telemedicine is as effective as in-person visits for reducing 30-day readmissions in pati ... Full text Link to item Cite

Self-reported hearing loss, hearing aid use, and cognitive function among U.S. older adults.

Journal Article Int J Popul Stud · 2022 There has been increasing attention to the role of hearing loss as a potentially modifiable risk factor for Alzheimer's disease and related dementias. However, more nationally-representative studies are needed to understand the co-occurring changes in hear ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

The Cumulative Impact of Chronic Stressors on Risks of Myocardial Infarction in US Older Adults.

Journal Article Psychosom Med · November 2021 OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the association between cumulative exposure to chronic stressors and the incidence of myocardial infarction (MI) in US older adults. METHODS: Nationally representative prospective cohort data of adults 45 years an ... Full text Link to item Cite

Race Differences in Interventions and Survival After Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest in North Carolina, 2010 to 2014.

Journal Article J Am Heart Assoc · September 7, 2021 Background Following the implementation of the HeartRescue project, with interventions in the community, emergency medical services, and hospitals to improve care and outcomes for out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA) in North Carolina, improved bystander ... Full text Link to item Cite

Major Trends in Population Growth Around the World.

Journal Article China CDC Wkly · July 9, 2021 The world's population continues to grow, albeit at a slower pace. The decelerating growth is mainly attributable to fertility declines in a growing number of countries. However, there are substantial variations in the future trends of populations across r ... Full text Link to item Cite

Care sequences leading to the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease and related dementias: An analysis of electronic health records.

Journal Article Alzheimers Dement · March 2024 BACKGROUND: We examined the sequences of clinical care leading to diagnoses of Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (ADRD) using electronic health records from a large academic medical center. METHODS: We included patients aged 65+ with their first AD ... Full text Link to item Cite

Association between perceived risk of Alzheimer's disease and related dementias and cognitive function among U.S. older adults.

Journal Article Arch Gerontol Geriatr · December 2023 INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to assess factors associated with the perceived risk of developing Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (ADRD) and how the perceived risk of ADRD was related to cognitive function. METHODS: We conducted a retrosp ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Birth in the U.S. Plantation South and Racial Differences in all-cause mortality in later life.

Journal Article Soc Sci Med · October 2023 The American South has been characterized as a Stroke Belt due to high cardiovascular mortality. We examine whether mortality rates and race differences in rates reflect birthplace exposure to Jim Crow-era inequalities associated with the Plantation South. ... Full text Link to item Cite

Existing Datasets to Study the Impact of Internal Migration on Caregiving Arrangements among Older Adults in China.

Journal Article J Aging Soc Policy · September 3, 2023 Massive rural-to-urban migration in China has a significant impact on informal caregiving arrangements among Chinese older adults. To stimulate research on the intersection of migration and caregiving, we conducted an inventory of longitudinal aging survey ... Full text Link to item Cite

The impact of hearing loss on trajectories of depressive symptoms in married couples.

Journal Article Soc Sci Med · March 2023 Hearing loss is a prevalent chronic stressor among older adults and is associated with numerous adverse health outcomes. The life course principle of linked lives highlights that an individual's stressors can impact the health and well-being of others; how ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Caregiving Network for Persons with Dementia: Profiles of the US and China

Conference JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN GERIATRICS SOCIETY · 2023 Cite

Factors associated with racial differences in all-cause 30-day readmission in adults with cardiovascular disease: an observational study of a large healthcare system.

Journal Article BMJ Open · November 24, 2022 OBJECTIVE: To examine factors contributing to racial differences in 30-day readmission in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD). DESIGN: Patients were enrolled from 1 January 2015 to 31 August 2017 and data were collected from electronic health record ... Full text Link to item Cite

Facility-Level Factors and Racial Disparities in Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation within US Dialysis Clinics.

Journal Article Kidney360 · June 30, 2022 BACKGROUND: Cardiac arrest occurs frequently in outpatient dialysis clinics, and immediate cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) provision improves patient outcomes. However, Black patients in dialysis clinics receive CPR from clinic staff less often compare ... Full text Link to item Cite

Association between the self-reported duration and quality of sleep and cognitive function among middle-aged and older adults in China.

Journal Article J Affect Disord · May 1, 2022 BACKGROUND: The World Alzheimer Report showed that 46.8 million people suffered from dementia in 2015. This study examined how the duration and quality of sleep are associated with cognition among older adults in China. METHOD: Data were drawn from waves 2 ... Full text Link to item Cite

Effectiveness of Telemedicine Visits in Reducing 30-Day Readmissions Among Patients With Heart Failure During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Journal Article J Am Heart Assoc · April 5, 2022 Background The COVID-19 pandemic resulted in a rapid implementation of telemedicine into clinical practice. This study examined whether early outpatient follow-up via telemedicine is as effective as in-person visits for reducing 30-day readmissions in pati ... Full text Link to item Cite

Self-reported hearing loss, hearing aid use, and cognitive function among U.S. older adults.

Journal Article Int J Popul Stud · 2022 There has been increasing attention to the role of hearing loss as a potentially modifiable risk factor for Alzheimer's disease and related dementias. However, more nationally-representative studies are needed to understand the co-occurring changes in hear ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

The Cumulative Impact of Chronic Stressors on Risks of Myocardial Infarction in US Older Adults.

Journal Article Psychosom Med · November 2021 OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the association between cumulative exposure to chronic stressors and the incidence of myocardial infarction (MI) in US older adults. METHODS: Nationally representative prospective cohort data of adults 45 years an ... Full text Link to item Cite

Race Differences in Interventions and Survival After Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest in North Carolina, 2010 to 2014.

Journal Article J Am Heart Assoc · September 7, 2021 Background Following the implementation of the HeartRescue project, with interventions in the community, emergency medical services, and hospitals to improve care and outcomes for out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA) in North Carolina, improved bystander ... Full text Link to item Cite

Major Trends in Population Growth Around the World.

Journal Article China CDC Wkly · July 9, 2021 The world's population continues to grow, albeit at a slower pace. The decelerating growth is mainly attributable to fertility declines in a growing number of countries. However, there are substantial variations in the future trends of populations across r ... Full text Link to item Cite

Encyclopedia of Gerontology and Population Aging

Book · June 28, 2021 This encyclopedia brings together established and emerging research findings in all relevant disciplines of gerontology and population aging. ... Cite

Perceived Versus Actual Risks of 30-Day Readmission in Patients With Cardiovascular Disease.

Journal Article Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes · January 2021 BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of hospitalization in the United States, and patients with CVD are at a high risk of readmission after discharge. We examined whether patients' perceived risk of readmission at discharge was ass ... Full text Link to item Cite

Hearing Loss

Chapter · 2021 Full text Cite

Healthy Diet

Chapter · 2021 Full text Cite

Association between patient race and staff resuscitation efforts after cardiac arrest in outpatient dialysis clinics: A study from the CARES surveillance group.

Journal Article Resuscitation · November 2020 BACKGROUND: Cardiac arrest is the leading cause of death among patients receiving hemodialysis. Despite guidelines recommending CPR training and AED presence in dialysis clinics, rates of CPR and AED use by dialysis staff are suboptimal. Given that racial ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Individual-level factors attributable to urban-rural disparity in mortality among older adults in China.

Journal Article BMC Public Health · September 29, 2020 BACKGROUND: Urban-rural disparity in mortality at older ages is well documented in China. However, surprisingly few studies have systemically investigated factors that contribute to such disparity. This study examined the extent to which individual-level s ... Full text Link to item Cite

Care and outcomes of urban and non-urban out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients during the HeartRescue Project in Washington state and North Carolina.

Journal Article Resuscitation · July 2020 AIM: We examined overall and temporal differences in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) care and outcomes by urban versus non-urban setting separately for North Carolina (NC) and Washington State (WA) during HeartRescue initiatives and associations of u ... Full text Link to item Cite

Adequate access to healthcare and added life expectancy among older adults in China.

Journal Article BMC Geriatr · April 9, 2020 BACKGROUND: Adequate access to healthcare is associated with lower risks of mortality at older ages. However, it is largely unknown how many more years of life can be attributed to having adequate access to healthcare compared with having inadequate access ... Full text Link to item Cite

Racial Differences in Elevated C-Reactive Protein Among US Older Adults.

Journal Article J Am Geriatr Soc · February 2020 OBJECTIVES: To investigate racial differences in elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) and the potential factors contributing to these differences in US older men and women. DESIGN: Nationally representative cohort study. SETTING: Health and Retirement Study, ... Full text Link to item Cite

Self Efficacy

Chapter · 2020 Full text Cite

Authors' Reply.

Journal Article J Am Soc Nephrol · June 2019 Full text Link to item Cite

Outcomes for Hemodialysis Patients Given Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation for Cardiac Arrest at Outpatient Dialysis Clinics.

Journal Article J Am Soc Nephrol · March 2019 BACKGROUND: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, the leading cause of death among patients on hemodialysis, occurs frequently within outpatient dialysis centers. Practice guidelines recommend resuscitation training for all dialysis clinic staff and on-site defi ... Full text Link to item Cite

Are China's oldest-old living longer with less disability? A longitudinal modeling analysis of birth cohorts born 10 years apart.

Journal Article BMC Med · February 1, 2019 BACKGROUND: China has transitioned from being one of the fastest-growing populations to among the most rapidly aging countries worldwide. In particular, the population of oldest-old individuals, those aged 80+, is projected to quadruple by 2050. The oldest ... Full text Link to item Cite

Residential Mobility and Cognitive Function Among Middle-Aged and Older Adults in China.

Journal Article Res Aging · January 2019 OBJECTIVES: To assess the association between rural and urban residential mobility and cognitive function among middle-aged and older adults in China. METHOD: We used data from the World Health Organization Study on global AGEing and adult health that incl ... Full text Link to item Cite

Gender differences in the association between migration and cognitive function among older adults in China and India.

Journal Article Arch Gerontol Geriatr · 2019 OBJECTIVE: This study aims to examine gender differences in the association between migration and cognitive function among adults in China and India. METHODS: Data from the World Health Organization Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE) study were ... Full text Link to item Cite

Objective and subjective financial status and mortality among older adults in China.

Journal Article Arch Gerontol Geriatr · 2019 The association between financial status and mortality in older adults is well documented. However, it is unclear whether the association may vary by objective and subjective indicators of financial status. To examine this issue, we used the latest four wa ... Full text Link to item Cite

Age and sex differences in the association between access to medical care and health outcomes among older Chinese.

Journal Article BMC Health Serv Res · December 29, 2018 BACKGROUND: Whether the association between access to medical care and health outcomes differs by age and gender among older adults in China is unclear. We aimed to investigate the associations between self-reported inadequate access to care and multiple h ... Full text Link to item Cite

Association Between Driving Distance From Nearest Fire Station and  Survival of Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.

Journal Article J Am Heart Assoc · November 6, 2018 Background Firefighter first responders dispatched in parallel with emergency medical services ( EMS ) personnel for out-of-hospital cardiac arrests ( OHCA ) can provide early defibrillation to improve survival. We examined whether survival following first ... Full text Link to item Cite

Association of Bystander and First-Responder Efforts and Outcomes According to Sex: Results From the North Carolina HeartRescue Statewide Quality Improvement Initiative.

Journal Article J Am Heart Assoc · September 18, 2018 Background The Institute of Medicine has called for actions to understand and target sex-related differences in care and outcomes for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients. We assessed changes in bystander and first-responder interventions and outcomes f ... Full text Link to item Cite

Access to routine care and risks for 30-day readmission in patients with cardiovascular disease.

Journal Article Am Heart J · February 2018 BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that access to routine medical care is associated with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of chronic diseases. However, studies have not examined whether patient-reported difficulties in access to care are associated wi ... Full text Link to item Cite

Place of Residence and Cognitive Function among the Adult Population in India.

Journal Article Neuroepidemiology · 2018 BACKGROUND: The place of residence has been linked to cognitive function among adults in developed countries. This study examined how urban and rural residence was associated with cognitive function among adults in India. METHODS: The World Health Organiza ... Full text Link to item Cite

Migration and cognitive function: a conceptual framework for Global Health Research.

Journal Article Glob Health Res Policy · 2018 BACKGROUND: Migration is a fundamental demographic process that has been observed globally. It is suggested that migration is an issue of global health importance that can have an immediate and lasting impact on an individual's health and well-being. There ... Full text Link to item Cite

Socioeconomic, Psychosocial and Behavioral Characteristics of Patients Hospitalized With Cardiovascular Disease.

Journal Article Am J Med Sci · December 2017 BACKGROUND: Recent studies have drawn attention to nonclinical factors to better understand disparities in the development, treatment and prognosis of patients with cardiovascular disease. However, there has been limited research describing the nonclinical ... Full text Link to item Cite

Racial and Ethnic Differences in Trajectories of Hospitalization in US Men and Women With Heart Failure.

Journal Article J Am Heart Assoc · November 16, 2017 BACKGROUND: Prior studies have documented racial and ethnic disparities in hospitalization among patients with heart failure (HF). However, racial/ethnic differences in trajectories of hospitalization following the diagnosis of HF have not been well charac ... Full text Link to item Cite

Association of Public Health Initiatives With Outcomes for Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest at Home and in Public Locations.

Journal Article JAMA Cardiol · November 1, 2017 IMPORTANCE: Little is known about the influence of comprehensive public health initiatives according to out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) location, particularly at home, where resuscitation efforts and outcomes have historically been poor. OBJECTIVE: T ... Full text Link to item Cite

Urban-rural differences in the association between access to healthcare and health outcomes among older adults in China.

Journal Article BMC Geriatr · July 19, 2017 BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that inadequate access to healthcare is associated with lower levels of health and well-being in older adults. Studies have also shown significant urban-rural differences in access to healthcare in developing countries such a ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Identifying Nonclinical Factors Associated With 30-Day Readmission in Patients with Cardiovascular Disease: Protocol for an Observational Study.

Journal Article JMIR Res Protoc · June 15, 2017 BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of hospitalization in older adults and high readmission rates have attracted considerable attention as actionable targets to promote efficiency in care and to reduce costs. Despite a plethora of ... Full text Link to item Cite

Changes in perceived uselessness and risks for mortality: evidence from a National sample of older adults in China.

Journal Article BMC Public Health · June 9, 2017 BACKGROUND: Self-perception of uselessness is associated with increased mortality risk in older adults. However, it is unknown whether and to what extent changes in perceived uselessness are associated with mortality risk. METHODS: Using four waves of nati ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Direct Transport to a Percutaneous Cardiac Intervention Center and Outcomes in Patients With Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.

Journal Article Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes · June 2017 BACKGROUND: Practice guidelines recommend regional systems of care for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. However, whether emergency medical services should bypass nonpercutaneous cardiac intervention (non-PCI) facilities and transport out-of-hospital cardiac ... Full text Link to item Cite

The impact of residential status on cognitive decline among older adults in China: Results from a longitudinal study.

Journal Article BMC Geriatr · May 15, 2017 BACKGROUND: Residential status has been linked to numerous determinants of health and well-being. However, the influence of residential status on cognitive decline remains unclear. The purpose of this research was to assess the changes of cognitive functio ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Self-perception of uselessness and mortality among older adults in China.

Journal Article Arch Gerontol Geriatr · 2017 BACKGROUND: Negative self-perceptions of aging among older adults have been associated with higher mortality in developed countries. However, it is unclear whether an association exists in developing countries where living to older age is more selective. D ... Full text Link to item Cite

Marital History and Survival After Stroke.

Journal Article J Am Heart Assoc · December 14, 2016 BACKGROUND: Stroke is among the leading causes of disability and death in the United States, and nearly 7 million adults are currently alive after experiencing a stroke. Although the risks associated with having a stroke are well established, we know surpr ... Full text Link to item Cite

A time-series analysis of the relation between unemployment rate and hospital admission for acute myocardial infarction and stroke in Brazil over more than a decade.

Journal Article Int J Cardiol · December 1, 2016 BACKGROUND: The effect of socioeconomic stressors on the incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is currently open to debate. Using time-series analysis, our study aimed to evaluate the relationship between unemployment rate and hospital admission for ac ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Marital history and survival after a heart attack.

Journal Article Soc Sci Med · December 2016 Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States and nearly one million Americans will have a heart attack this year. Although the risks associated with a heart attack are well established, we know surprisingly little about how marital fact ... Full text Link to item Cite

Race, Marital History, and Risks for Stroke in US Older Adults.

Journal Article Soc Forces · September 1, 2016 Stroke is among the leading causes of disability and death in the United States, and racial differences are greater for stroke than for all other major chronic diseases. Considering the equally sizeable racial disparities in marital life and associated ris ... Full text Link to item Cite

Place-Based Initiatives to Improve Health in Disadvantaged Communities: Cross-Sector Characteristics and Networks of Local Actors in North Carolina.

Journal Article Am J Public Health · September 2016 OBJECTIVES: To examine the leadership attributes and collaborative connections of local actors from the health sector and those outside the health sector in a major place-based health initiative. METHODS: We used survey data from 340 individuals in 4 Healt ... Full text Link to item Cite

Health Trajectories of Women in China: The Role of Parental Caregiving.

Journal Article J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci · March 2016 OBJECTIVES: Studies show that caregiving can have negative consequences on the psychological and physical health of its providers. However, few studies have examined the immediate and long-term impact of caregiving on health and none have considered these ... Full text Link to item Cite

Therapeutic Hypothermia for Patients with Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest in North Carolina.

Journal Article Prehosp Emerg Care · 2016 INTRODUCTION: While therapeutic hypothermia has been the standard of care for patients who suffer out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), recent trials have led to an advisory statement recommending a focus on targeted in-hospital temperature management and ... Full text Link to item Cite

The role of bystanders, first responders, and emergency medical service providers in timely defibrillation and related outcomes after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: Results from a statewide registry.

Journal Article Resuscitation · November 2015 AIM: Defibrillation by bystanders and first responders has been associated with increased survival, but limited data are available from non-metropolitan areas. We examined time from 911-call to defibrillation (according to who defibrillated patients) and s ... Full text Link to item Cite

The Relationship of Socioeconomic and Behavioral Risk Factors With Trends of Overweight in Korea.

Journal Article J Prev Med Public Health · November 2015 OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have shown that overweight (including obesity) has increased significantly in Korea in recent decades. However, it remains unclear whether this change has been uniform among all Koreans and to what extent socioeconomic and beha ... Full text Link to item Cite

Association of Bystander and First-Responder Intervention With Survival After Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest in North Carolina, 2010-2013.

Journal Article JAMA · July 21, 2015 IMPORTANCE: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest is associated with low survival, but early cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and defibrillation can improve outcomes if more widely adopted. OBJECTIVE: To examine temporal changes in bystander and first-responde ... Full text Link to item Cite

Association between divorce and risks for acute myocardial infarction.

Journal Article Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes · May 2015 BACKGROUND: Divorce is a major life stressor that can have economic, emotional, and physical health consequences. However, the cumulative association between divorce and risks for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is unknown. This study investigated the as ... Full text Link to item Cite

Education, glucose control, and mortality risks among U.S. older adults with diabetes.

Journal Article Diabetes Res Clin Pract · March 2015 AIMS: Studies have shown that diabetes mellitus disproportionately afflicts persons of low socioeconomic status and that the burden of disease is greatest among the disadvantaged. However, our understanding of educational differences in the control of diab ... Full text Link to item Cite

Studying disability trends in aging populations.

Journal Article J Cross Cult Gerontol · March 2015 This article reviews the current literature on disability trends in aging populations and proposes a framework for studying disability trends built upon existing models of disablement. In addition to considering disablement and its associated factors, our ... Full text Link to item Cite

Association of neighborhood characteristics with incidence of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest and rates of bystander-initiated CPR: implications for community-based education intervention.

Journal Article Resuscitation · November 2014 OBJECTIVE: A 10-fold regional variation in survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) has been reported in the United States, which partly relates to variability in bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) rates. In order for resources to be ... Full text Link to item Cite

Rate- and rhythm-control therapies in patients with atrial fibrillation: a systematic review.

Journal Article Ann Intern Med · June 3, 2014 BACKGROUND: The comparative effectiveness of treatments for atrial fibrillation (AF) is uncertain. PURPOSE: To evaluate the comparative effectiveness of rate- and rhythm-control therapies. DATA SOURCES: English-language studies in PubMed, EMBASE, and the C ... Full text Link to item Cite

The cumulative effect of unemployment on risks for acute myocardial infarction.

Journal Article Arch Intern Med · December 10, 2012 BACKGROUND: Employment instability is a major source of strain affecting an increasing number of adults in the United States. Little is known about the cumulative effect of multiple job losses and unemployment on the risks for acute myocardial infarction ( ... Full text Link to item Cite

Psychological well-being of the institutionalized and community-residing oldest old in China: the role of children.

Journal Article Soc Sci Med · November 2012 Studies have shown that institutionalized older adults have worse psychological health than their community-residing counterparts. However, much less is known about this association in developing countries such as China with a rapidly aging population and ... Full text Link to item Cite

Socioeconomic status and the Black-White mortality crossover.

Journal Article Am J Public Health · August 2012 OBJECTIVES: We investigated associations among age, race, socioeconomic status (SES), and mortality in older persons and whether low SES contributes to the Black-White mortality crossover (when elevated age-specific mortality rates invert). METHODS: We use ... Full text Link to item Cite

Survival differences among native-born and foreign-born older adults in the United States.

Journal Article PLoS One · 2012 BACKGROUND: Studies show that the U.S. foreign-born population has lower mortality than the native-born population before age 65. Until recently, the lack of data prohibited reliable comparisons of U.S. mortality by nativity at older ages. This study provi ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Racial differences in depression trajectories among older women: socioeconomic, family, and health influences.

Journal Article J Health Soc Behav · December 2011 Despite recent increases in life course research on mental illness, important questions remain about the social patterning of, and explanations for, depression trajectories among women in later life. The authors investigate competing theoretical frameworks ... Full text Link to item Cite

Exceptions to the rule: Exceptional health among the disadvantaged

Journal Article Research on Aging · January 1, 2011 Countless studies show that socioeconomic status (SES) is strongly related to morbidity and mortality. However, few studies consider the substantial variability in health within socioeconomic strata. In this article, the authors examine the incompatibility ... Full text Cite

Racial Differences in Depression Trajectories among Older Women

Journal Article Journal of Health and Social Behavior · 2011 Cite

Marital trajectories and mortality among US adults.

Journal Article Am J Epidemiol · September 1, 2009 More than a century of empirical evidence links marital status to mortality. However, the hazards of dying associated with long-term marital trajectories and contributing risk factors are largely unknown. The authors used 1992-2006 prospective data from a ... Full text Link to item Cite

Changing health status and health expectancies among older adults in China: gender differences from 1992 to 2002.

Journal Article Soc Sci Med · June 2009 Numerous studies document improvements in health status and health expectancies among older adults over time. However, most evidence is from developed nations and gender differences in health trends are often inconsistent. It remains unknown whether change ... Full text Link to item Cite

Frailty and type of death among older adults in China: prospective cohort study.

Journal Article BMJ · April 9, 2009 OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between frailty and type of death among the world's largest oldest-old population in China. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: 2002 and 2005 waves of the Chinese longitudinal healthy longevity survey carried ou ... Full text Link to item Cite

Frailty and mortality among Chinese at advanced ages.

Journal Article J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci · March 2009 OBJECTIVES: This study investigates the factors associated with frailty and the association of frailty with mortality in a national sample of adults aged 65-109 in China. METHODS: Using the 2002 wave of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey, we ... Full text Link to item Cite

Structure and Stress: Trajectories of Depressive Symptoms across Adolescence and Young Adulthood.

Journal Article Soc Forces · 2009 Previous research into the social distribution of early life depression has yielded inconsistent results regarding subgroup differences in depression levels and in the etiology of these differences. Using latent curve models and data from the National Long ... Full text Link to item Cite

Educational differences in health risks and illness over the life course: a test of cumulative disadvantage theory.

Journal Article Soc Sci Res · December 2008 This study tests the cumulative disadvantage hypothesis by examining the age-varying relationships between education, health risks, and disease onset and survival duration. Results based on 20 years of longitudinal data suggest that education is related to ... Full text Link to item Cite

Predictors of longevity: evidence from the oldest old in China.

Journal Article Am J Public Health · July 2008 OBJECTIVES: We investigated the characteristics of the oldest old in China and examined whether the factors associated with longevity varied with advanced age. METHODS: Drawing from the largest nationally representative longitudinal sample of oldest-old ad ... Full text Link to item Cite

Factors associated with enrollment, satisfaction, and sustainability of the New Cooperative Medical Scheme program in six study areas in rural Beijing.

Journal Article Health Policy · January 2008 OBJECTIVE: This study examines the factors associated with the enrollment, satisfaction, and sustainability of the New Cooperative Medical Scheme (NCMS) program in six study areas in rural Beijing. METHODS: Data come from a sample of 890 persons aged 15-88 ... Full text Link to item Cite

Disaggregating the effects of marital trajectories on health

Journal Article Journal of Family Issues · May 1, 2007 Recent studies linking marital status and health increasingly focus on marital trajectories to examine the relationship from a life course perspective. However, research has been slow to bridge the theoretical concept of a marital trajectory with its measu ... Full text Cite

Educational differences in age-related patterns of disease: reconsidering the cumulative disadvantage and age-as-leveler hypotheses.

Journal Article J Health Soc Behav · March 2007 Some studies suggest that the relationship between education and health strengthens with age (cumulative disadvantage hypothesis), while other studies find that it weakens (age-as-leveler hypothesis). This research addresses this inconsistency by different ... Full text Link to item Cite

Characteristics of the institutionalized and community-residing oldest-old in China.

Journal Article Soc Sci Med · February 2007 Existing research on the institutionalized population of older adults is primarily limited to Western countries. This study is the first to use nationally representative data to examine differences in the institutionalized and community-residing population ... Full text Link to item Cite

Religious attendance and mortality: implications for the black-white mortality crossover.

Journal Article Demography · February 2006 This study investigates the relationships among religious attendance, mortality, and the black-white mortality crossover. We build on prior research by examining the link between attendance and mortality while testing whether religious involvement captures ... Full text Link to item Cite

Socioeconomic differences in age-related patterns of disease

Journal Article GERONTOLOGIST · October 1, 2004 Link to item Cite

An overview of national alcohol screening day: Trends from 2001 to 2003

Journal Article Alcohol Research and Health · 2004 Cite

Mentoring as a Drug Prevention Strategy: An Evaluation of "Across Ages."

Journal Article Adolescent & Family Health · 2000 Cite