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Maureen Alyson Craig CV

Associate Research Professor of Psychology & Neuroscience
Psychology & Neuroscience
CV

Selected Publications


Biased, but expert: Trade-offs in how stigmatized versus non-stigmatized advocates are perceived and consequences for persuasion

Journal Article Journal of Experimental Social Psychology · January 1, 2024 Stigmatized versus non-stigmatized people advocating on behalf of the stigmatized group are perceived as more biased, suggesting that they might be less effective advocates. Yet, research testing whether stigmatized or non-stigmatized advocates are more pe ... Full text Cite

Highlighting health consequences of racial disparities sparks support for action.

Journal Article Science (New York, N.Y.) · December 2023 Racial disparities arise across many vital areas of American life, including employment, health, and interpersonal treatment. For example, one in three Black children lives in poverty (versus one in nine white children), and, on average, Black Americans li ... Full text Cite

Understanding tactical responses to social problems through the lens of regulatory scope

Journal Article Nature Reviews Psychology · July 1, 2023 People may address societal problems either by engaging in collective action, aiming to change underlying structural systems, or by engaging in prosocial behaviours, aiming to help those affected. In this Perspective, we draw on construal level theory and ... Full text Cite

Stereotypes About Political Attitudes and Coalitions Among U.S. Racial Groups: Implications for Strategic Political Decision-Making.

Journal Article Personality & social psychology bulletin · September 2022 What are people's expectations of interracial political coalitions? This research reveals expectations of flexible interracial coalitions stemming from how policies and racial groups are viewed in terms of perceived status and foreignness. For policies see ... Full text Cite

Privilege lost: How dominant groups react to shifts in cultural primacy and power

Journal Article Group Processes and Intergroup Relations · April 1, 2022 As a function of their race, gender, class, and other social categories, long-standing privileges in social hierarchies have been afforded to some groups of people to the detriment of others. Recently, scholars have made considerable headway studying the s ... Full text Cite

Status-based coalitions: Hispanic growth affects Whites’ perceptions of political support from Asian Americans

Journal Article Group Processes and Intergroup Relations · April 1, 2022 Three experiments test whether considering a stereotypically lower status group’s social gains leads White Americans to expect political solidarity among stereotypically higher status groups. Information about Hispanic population growth (vs. current demogr ... Full text Cite

At whose expense? System justification and the appreciation of stereotypical humor targeting high- versus low-status groups

Journal Article Humor · August 1, 2021 Many popular comedians tell complicated jokes that involve multiple levels of interpretation. The same joke may be perceived as criticizing or reinforcing the societal status quo, depending on perceivers' assumptions about the target of the punchline (e.g. ... Full text Cite

European Americans' intentions to confront racial bias: Considering who, what (kind), and why

Journal Article Journal of Experimental Social Psychology · July 1, 2021 Confrontation research has primarily focused on what drives individuals' intentions to confront strangers who express prejudicial attitudes (i.e., interpersonal bias; for reviews see Ashburn-Nardo & Karim, 2019; Kawakami, Karmali, & Vaccarino, 2019). Howev ... Full text Cite

Framing economic inequality and policy as group disadvantages (versus group advantages) spurs support for action.

Journal Article Nature human behaviour · March 2021 Given the near-historic levels of economic inequality in the United States, it is vital to understand when and why people are motivated to reduce it. We examine whether the manner in which economic inequality and policy are framed-in terms of either upper- ... Full text Cite

The #MeTooLate Effect: Victim blame and trust denial for sexual harassment not immediately reported

Journal Article Personality and Individual Differences · December 1, 2020 Since 2017, the year in which the #MeToo movement burst into the spotlight, many women voiced their experiences with sexual predation. Although many people support the movement, others have questioned the credibility of women who report sexual harassment, ... Full text Cite

Acting for whom, against what? Group membership and multiple paths to engagement in social change.

Journal Article Current opinion in psychology · October 2020 In a connected and politically engaged world, it is essential to understand how, why, and when people from diverse backgrounds may support social action. Integrating findings from the collective action, solidarity, and allyship literatures, we present work ... Full text Cite

Intergroup Inequality Heightens Reports of Discrimination Along Alternative Identity Dimensions.

Journal Article Personality & social psychology bulletin · June 2020 How do members of societally valued (dominant) groups respond when considering inequality? Prior research suggests that salient inequality may be viewed as a threat to dominant-group members' self and collective moral character. However, people possess mul ... Full text Cite

Majority no more? The influence of neighborhood racial diversity and salient national population changes on whites' perceptions of racial discrimination

Journal Article RSF · August 1, 2018 This article examines whether the size of racial minority populations is associated with whites' perceptions that different racial groups face discrimination. Correlational studies reveal that both the perceived size (studies 1 and 2) and actual size (stud ... Full text Cite

The Pitfalls and Promise of Increasing Racial Diversity: Threat, Contact, and Race Relations in the 21st Century

Journal Article Current Directions in Psychological Science · June 1, 2018 A decades-long trend toward greater racial and ethnic diversity in the United States is expected to continue, with White Americans projected to constitute less than 50% of the national population by mid century. The present review integrates recent empiric ... Full text Cite

Racial and Political Dynamics of an Approaching “Majority-Minority” United States

Journal Article Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science · May 1, 2018 Do demographic shifts in the racial composition of the United States promote positive changes in the nation’s racial dynamics? Change in response to the nation’s growing diversity is likely, but its direction and scope are less clear. This review integrate ... Full text Cite

Hispanic Population Growth Engenders Conservative Shift Among Non-Hispanic Racial Minorities

Journal Article Social Psychological and Personality Science · May 1, 2018 The racial/ethnic diversity of the United States is increasing, yet recent social psychological research has focused primarily on White Americans’ reactions to this demographic trend. The present research experimentally examines how members of different ra ... Full text Cite

Many analysts, one data set: Making transparent how variations in analytic choices affect results

Journal Article Advances in Methods and Practices in Psychological Science · January 1, 2018 Twenty-nine teams involving 61 analysts used the same data set to address the same research question: whether soccer referees are more likely to give red cards to dark-skin-toned players than to light-skin-toned players. Analytic approaches varied widely a ... Full text Cite

Category (non)fit modulates extrapolative stereotyping of multiply categorizable social targets

Journal Article Social Cognition · January 1, 2018 Social stereotypes provide a basis for making guesses about others' unknown characteristics. We conducted four studies examining the role of perceived category fit in this process. Disconfirming a particular group stereotype should reduce a target's percei ... Full text Cite

Solidarity through shared disadvantage: Highlighting shared experiences of discrimination improves relations between stigmatized groups.

Journal Article Journal of personality and social psychology · October 2017 Intergroup relations research has largely focused on relations between members of dominant groups and members of disadvantaged groups. The small body of work examining intraminority intergroup relations, or relations between members of different disadvanta ... Full text Cite

Information about the US racial demographic shift triggers concerns about anti-White discrimination among the prospective White "minority".

Journal Article PloS one · January 2017 The United States is undergoing a demographic shift in which White Americans are predicted to comprise less than 50% of the US population by mid-century. The present research examines how exposure to information about this racial shift affects perceptions ... Full text Cite

Biased, but expert: Trade-offs in how stigmatized versus non-stigmatized advocates are perceived and consequences for persuasion

Journal Article Journal of Experimental Social Psychology · January 1, 2024 Stigmatized versus non-stigmatized people advocating on behalf of the stigmatized group are perceived as more biased, suggesting that they might be less effective advocates. Yet, research testing whether stigmatized or non-stigmatized advocates are more pe ... Full text Cite

Highlighting health consequences of racial disparities sparks support for action.

Journal Article Science (New York, N.Y.) · December 2023 Racial disparities arise across many vital areas of American life, including employment, health, and interpersonal treatment. For example, one in three Black children lives in poverty (versus one in nine white children), and, on average, Black Americans li ... Full text Cite

Understanding tactical responses to social problems through the lens of regulatory scope

Journal Article Nature Reviews Psychology · July 1, 2023 People may address societal problems either by engaging in collective action, aiming to change underlying structural systems, or by engaging in prosocial behaviours, aiming to help those affected. In this Perspective, we draw on construal level theory and ... Full text Cite

Stereotypes About Political Attitudes and Coalitions Among U.S. Racial Groups: Implications for Strategic Political Decision-Making.

Journal Article Personality & social psychology bulletin · September 2022 What are people's expectations of interracial political coalitions? This research reveals expectations of flexible interracial coalitions stemming from how policies and racial groups are viewed in terms of perceived status and foreignness. For policies see ... Full text Cite

Privilege lost: How dominant groups react to shifts in cultural primacy and power

Journal Article Group Processes and Intergroup Relations · April 1, 2022 As a function of their race, gender, class, and other social categories, long-standing privileges in social hierarchies have been afforded to some groups of people to the detriment of others. Recently, scholars have made considerable headway studying the s ... Full text Cite

Status-based coalitions: Hispanic growth affects Whites’ perceptions of political support from Asian Americans

Journal Article Group Processes and Intergroup Relations · April 1, 2022 Three experiments test whether considering a stereotypically lower status group’s social gains leads White Americans to expect political solidarity among stereotypically higher status groups. Information about Hispanic population growth (vs. current demogr ... Full text Cite

At whose expense? System justification and the appreciation of stereotypical humor targeting high- versus low-status groups

Journal Article Humor · August 1, 2021 Many popular comedians tell complicated jokes that involve multiple levels of interpretation. The same joke may be perceived as criticizing or reinforcing the societal status quo, depending on perceivers' assumptions about the target of the punchline (e.g. ... Full text Cite

European Americans' intentions to confront racial bias: Considering who, what (kind), and why

Journal Article Journal of Experimental Social Psychology · July 1, 2021 Confrontation research has primarily focused on what drives individuals' intentions to confront strangers who express prejudicial attitudes (i.e., interpersonal bias; for reviews see Ashburn-Nardo & Karim, 2019; Kawakami, Karmali, & Vaccarino, 2019). Howev ... Full text Cite

Framing economic inequality and policy as group disadvantages (versus group advantages) spurs support for action.

Journal Article Nature human behaviour · March 2021 Given the near-historic levels of economic inequality in the United States, it is vital to understand when and why people are motivated to reduce it. We examine whether the manner in which economic inequality and policy are framed-in terms of either upper- ... Full text Cite

The #MeTooLate Effect: Victim blame and trust denial for sexual harassment not immediately reported

Journal Article Personality and Individual Differences · December 1, 2020 Since 2017, the year in which the #MeToo movement burst into the spotlight, many women voiced their experiences with sexual predation. Although many people support the movement, others have questioned the credibility of women who report sexual harassment, ... Full text Cite

Acting for whom, against what? Group membership and multiple paths to engagement in social change.

Journal Article Current opinion in psychology · October 2020 In a connected and politically engaged world, it is essential to understand how, why, and when people from diverse backgrounds may support social action. Integrating findings from the collective action, solidarity, and allyship literatures, we present work ... Full text Cite

Intergroup Inequality Heightens Reports of Discrimination Along Alternative Identity Dimensions.

Journal Article Personality & social psychology bulletin · June 2020 How do members of societally valued (dominant) groups respond when considering inequality? Prior research suggests that salient inequality may be viewed as a threat to dominant-group members' self and collective moral character. However, people possess mul ... Full text Cite

Majority no more? The influence of neighborhood racial diversity and salient national population changes on whites' perceptions of racial discrimination

Journal Article RSF · August 1, 2018 This article examines whether the size of racial minority populations is associated with whites' perceptions that different racial groups face discrimination. Correlational studies reveal that both the perceived size (studies 1 and 2) and actual size (stud ... Full text Cite

The Pitfalls and Promise of Increasing Racial Diversity: Threat, Contact, and Race Relations in the 21st Century

Journal Article Current Directions in Psychological Science · June 1, 2018 A decades-long trend toward greater racial and ethnic diversity in the United States is expected to continue, with White Americans projected to constitute less than 50% of the national population by mid century. The present review integrates recent empiric ... Full text Cite

Racial and Political Dynamics of an Approaching “Majority-Minority” United States

Journal Article Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science · May 1, 2018 Do demographic shifts in the racial composition of the United States promote positive changes in the nation’s racial dynamics? Change in response to the nation’s growing diversity is likely, but its direction and scope are less clear. This review integrate ... Full text Cite

Hispanic Population Growth Engenders Conservative Shift Among Non-Hispanic Racial Minorities

Journal Article Social Psychological and Personality Science · May 1, 2018 The racial/ethnic diversity of the United States is increasing, yet recent social psychological research has focused primarily on White Americans’ reactions to this demographic trend. The present research experimentally examines how members of different ra ... Full text Cite

Many analysts, one data set: Making transparent how variations in analytic choices affect results

Journal Article Advances in Methods and Practices in Psychological Science · January 1, 2018 Twenty-nine teams involving 61 analysts used the same data set to address the same research question: whether soccer referees are more likely to give red cards to dark-skin-toned players than to light-skin-toned players. Analytic approaches varied widely a ... Full text Cite

Category (non)fit modulates extrapolative stereotyping of multiply categorizable social targets

Journal Article Social Cognition · January 1, 2018 Social stereotypes provide a basis for making guesses about others' unknown characteristics. We conducted four studies examining the role of perceived category fit in this process. Disconfirming a particular group stereotype should reduce a target's percei ... Full text Cite

Solidarity through shared disadvantage: Highlighting shared experiences of discrimination improves relations between stigmatized groups.

Journal Article Journal of personality and social psychology · October 2017 Intergroup relations research has largely focused on relations between members of dominant groups and members of disadvantaged groups. The small body of work examining intraminority intergroup relations, or relations between members of different disadvanta ... Full text Cite

Information about the US racial demographic shift triggers concerns about anti-White discrimination among the prospective White "minority".

Journal Article PloS one · January 2017 The United States is undergoing a demographic shift in which White Americans are predicted to comprise less than 50% of the US population by mid-century. The present research examines how exposure to information about this racial shift affects perceptions ... Full text Cite

Stigma-Based Solidarity: Understanding the Psychological Foundations of Conflict and Coalition Among Members of Different Stigmatized Groups

Journal Article Current Directions in Psychological Science · February 1, 2016 With growing diversity and increased media attention to inequality, it is likely that stigmatized-group members will have increased political influence on social issues affecting other stigmatized groups. When might members of different stigmatized groups ... Full text Cite

On the precipice of a "majority-minority" America: perceived status threat from the racial demographic shift affects White Americans' political ideology.

Journal Article Psychological science · June 2014 The U.S. Census Bureau projects that racial minority groups will make up a majority of the U.S. national population in 2042, effectively creating a so-called majority-minority nation. In four experiments, we explored how salience of such racial demographic ... Full text Cite

More Diverse Yet Less Tolerant? How the Increasingly Diverse Racial Landscape Affects White Americans' Racial Attitudes.

Journal Article Personality & social psychology bulletin · June 2014 Recent Census Bureau projections indicate that racial/ethnic minorities will comprise over 50% of the U.S. population by 2042, effectively creating a so-called "majority-minority" nation. Across four experiments, we explore how presenting information about ... Full text Cite

Discrimination divides across identity dimensions: Perceived racism reduces support for gay rights and increases anti-gay bias

Journal Article Journal of Experimental Social Psychology · January 1, 2014 Recent research has found that perceiving racial discrimination toward one's own group results in the expression of more positive attitudes toward members of other racial minority groups; however, perceiving sexism results in the expression of more negativ ... Full text Cite

Not in my backyard! authoritarianism, social dominance orientation, and support for strict immigration policies at home and abroad

Journal Article Political Psychology · January 1, 2014 Many controversial immigration policies have recently emerged across the United States and abroad. We explore the role of national context in shaping support for such policies. Specifically, we examine whether the extent to which ideological attitudes-Righ ... Full text Cite

Do unto others as others have done unto you?: Perceiving sexism influences women's evaluations of stigmatized racial groups.

Journal Article Personality & social psychology bulletin · September 2012 The present research examines how making discrimination salient influences stigmatized group members' evaluations of other stigmatized groups. Specifically, three studies examine how salient sexism affects women's attitudes toward racial minorities. White ... Full text Cite

Coalition or derogation? How perceived discrimination influences intraminority intergroup relations.

Journal Article Journal of personality and social psychology · April 2012 Five studies explored how perceived societal discrimination against one's own racial group influences racial minority group members' attitudes toward other racial minorities. Examining Black-Latino relations, Studies 1a and 1b showed that perceived discrim ... Full text Cite