Comparisons of Infant and Adult Mice Reveal Age Effects for Liver Depot Gene Therapy in Pompe Disease.
Pompe disease is caused by the deficiency of lysosomal acid α-glucosidase (GAA). It is expected that gene therapy to replace GAA with adeno-associated virus (AAV) vectors will be less effective early in life because of the rapid loss of vector genomes. AAV2/8-LSPhGAA (3 × 1010 vector genomes [vg]/mouse) was administered to infant (2-week-old) or adult (2-month-old) GAA knockout mice. AAV vector transduction in adult mice significantly corrected GAA deficiency in the heart (p < 0.0001), diaphragm (p < 0.01), and quadriceps (p < 0.001) for >50 weeks. However, in infant mice, the same treatment only partially corrected GAA deficiency in the heart (p < 0.05), diaphragm (p < 0.05), and quadriceps (p < 0.05). The clearance of glycogen was much more efficient in adult mice compared with infant mice. Improved wire hang test latency was observed for treated adults (p < 0.05), but not for infant mice. Abnormal ventilation was corrected in both infant and adult mice. Vector-treated female mice demonstrated functional improvement, despite a lower degree of biochemical correction compared with male mice. The relative vector dose for infants was approximately 3-fold higher than adults, when normalized to body weight at the time of vector administration. Given these data, the dose requirement to achieve similar efficacy will be higher for the treatment of young patients.