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Anger precedes and predicts nonsuicidal self-injury in veterans: Findings from an ecological momentary assessment study.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Dillon, KH; Glenn, JJ; Dennis, PA; LoSavio, ST; Cassiello-Robbins, C; Gromatsky, MA; Beckham, JC; Calhoun, PS; Kimbrel, NA
Published in: J Psychiatr Res
March 2021

Veterans have high rates of suicide, and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is one of the strongest predictors of suicide risk; however, there is presently little known about antecedents of NSSI that might inform intervention efforts. Accumulating research suggests that anger and hostility play an important role in NSSI, but whether these emotions precede and predict NSSI is currently unknown. The aim of the current study was to examine the temporal relationships between anger/hostility and NSSI urges and behavior among veterans diagnosed with NSSI disorder. Our hypothesis was that angry/hostile affect would predict subsequent NSSI urge and engagement, but not vice versa. Forty veterans with NSSI disorder completed a 28-day ecological momentary assessment study with three daily prompts to report on their affect and NSSI urges and engagement. Multilevel cross-lagged path modeling was used to determine the direction of effects between angry/hostile affect and NSSI urges and engagement over time. Consistent with our hypothesis, results indicated that the lagged effects of angry/hostile affect on subsequent NSSI urge and engagement were significant, whereas the lagged effects of NSSI urge and engagement on angry/hostile affect were not significant. Findings highlight the importance of assessing and treating anger among veterans who engage in NSSI.

Duke Scholars

Published In

J Psychiatr Res

DOI

EISSN

1879-1379

Publication Date

March 2021

Volume

135

Start / End Page

47 / 51

Location

England

Related Subject Headings

  • Veterans
  • Self-Injurious Behavior
  • Psychiatry
  • Humans
  • Emotions
  • Ecological Momentary Assessment
  • Anger
  • 5203 Clinical and health psychology
  • 3202 Clinical sciences
  • 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
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Dillon, K. H., Glenn, J. J., Dennis, P. A., LoSavio, S. T., Cassiello-Robbins, C., Gromatsky, M. A., … Kimbrel, N. A. (2021). Anger precedes and predicts nonsuicidal self-injury in veterans: Findings from an ecological momentary assessment study. J Psychiatr Res, 135, 47–51. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychires.2021.01.011
Dillon, Kirsten H., Jeffrey J. Glenn, Paul A. Dennis, Stefanie T. LoSavio, Clair Cassiello-Robbins, Molly A. Gromatsky, Jean C. Beckham, Patrick S. Calhoun, and Nathan A. Kimbrel. “Anger precedes and predicts nonsuicidal self-injury in veterans: Findings from an ecological momentary assessment study.J Psychiatr Res 135 (March 2021): 47–51. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychires.2021.01.011.
Dillon KH, Glenn JJ, Dennis PA, LoSavio ST, Cassiello-Robbins C, Gromatsky MA, et al. Anger precedes and predicts nonsuicidal self-injury in veterans: Findings from an ecological momentary assessment study. J Psychiatr Res. 2021 Mar;135:47–51.
Dillon, Kirsten H., et al. “Anger precedes and predicts nonsuicidal self-injury in veterans: Findings from an ecological momentary assessment study.J Psychiatr Res, vol. 135, Mar. 2021, pp. 47–51. Pubmed, doi:10.1016/j.jpsychires.2021.01.011.
Dillon KH, Glenn JJ, Dennis PA, LoSavio ST, Cassiello-Robbins C, Gromatsky MA, Beckham JC, Calhoun PS, Kimbrel NA. Anger precedes and predicts nonsuicidal self-injury in veterans: Findings from an ecological momentary assessment study. J Psychiatr Res. 2021 Mar;135:47–51.

Published In

J Psychiatr Res

DOI

EISSN

1879-1379

Publication Date

March 2021

Volume

135

Start / End Page

47 / 51

Location

England

Related Subject Headings

  • Veterans
  • Self-Injurious Behavior
  • Psychiatry
  • Humans
  • Emotions
  • Ecological Momentary Assessment
  • Anger
  • 5203 Clinical and health psychology
  • 3202 Clinical sciences
  • 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences