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Allen Edward Buchanan

James B. Duke Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Philosophy
Philosophy
Duke Box 90743, Durham, NC 27708-0245
203A West Duke Building, Durham, NC 27708

Selected Publications


PREPARING FOR THE NEXT PANDEMIC

Journal Article Social Philosophy and Policy · May 14, 2023 My aim in this essay is to argue for a better moral-conceptual framework and for institutional innovation in preparation for the next pandemic. My main conclusions are as follows. (1) The primary moral principle that should guide responses to the next pand ... Full text Cite

Social Experimentation in an Unjust World

Chapter · January 1, 2023 There is a resurgence of interest in social experimentation as a means of promoting social progress, including progress in justice. In this chapter, we first advance an argument in favor of social experimentation drawing on its capacity to resolve uncertai ... Full text Cite

When Knowing What Is Just and Being Committed to Achieving it Is Not Enough

Conference Journal of Applied Philosophy · November 1, 2021 In this article, I argue that overly-optimistic beliefs about how much progress toward justice has been made and overly-pessimistic beliefs about what progress toward justice can be made can both help perpetuate injustices. Further, such beliefs can help p ... Full text Cite

On the Ethics of Vaccine Nationalism: The Case for the Fair Priority for Residents Framework

Journal Article Ethics and International Affairs · January 1, 2021 COVID-19 vaccines are likely to be scarce for years to come. Many countries, from India to the U.K., have demonstrated vaccine nationalism. What are the ethical limits to this vaccine nationalism? Neither extreme nationalism nor extreme cosmopolitanism is ... Full text Cite

THE PERPETUAL STRUGGLE: HOW THE COEVOLUTION OF HIERARCHY AND RESISTANCE DRIVES THE EVOLUTION OF MORALITY AND INSTITUTIONS

Journal Article Social Philosophy and Policy · January 1, 2021 Since the earliest human societies, there has been an ongoing struggle between hierarchy and resistance to hierarchy, and this struggle is a major driver of the evolution of moralities and of institutions. Attempts to initiate or sustain hierarchies are of ... Full text Cite

How the Moral Community Evolves

Chapter · January 1, 2021 Moral reasoning is modulated by emotions and other cognitive biases. How do these covert biasing mechanisms shape perceptions of more fundamental moral categories, such as moral standing and moral status (together, “MSS”), out of which specific moral attit ... Full text Cite

Responsibility for Global Health

Chapter · January 1, 2021 Global health is becoming a fashionable term among scholars, human rights activists, state officials, leaders of international and transnational organizations, and others. Until recently, health as a matter of collective concern largely implied national he ... Full text Cite

Précis: Our moral fate: Evolution and the escape from tribalism

Journal Article Analyse und Kritik · November 1, 2020 The book uses evolutionary principles to explain tribalism, a way of thinking and acting that divides the world into Us versus Them and achieves cooperation within a group at the expense of erecting insuperable obstacles to cooperation among groups. Tribal ... Full text Cite

An ethical framework for global vaccine allocation.

Journal Article Science (New York, N.Y.) · September 2020 Full text Cite

Précis of the Evolution of Moral Progress: A Biocultural Theory

Journal Article Analyse und Kritik · November 1, 2019 The idea of moral progress played a central role in liberal political thought from the Enlightenment through the nineteenth century but is rarely encountered in moral and political philosophical discourse today. One reason for this is that traditional libe ... Full text Cite

Reply to Comments

Journal Article Analyse und Kritik · November 1, 2019 Commentators on The Evolution of Moral Progress: A Biocultural Theory raise a number of metaethical and moral concerns with our analysis, as well as some complaints regarding how we have interpreted and made use of the contemporary evolutionary and social ... Full text Cite

Institutional legitimacy

Chapter · January 18, 2018 Full text Cite

The evolution of moral progress: A biocultural theory

Book · January 1, 2018 The idea of moral progress played a central role in liberal political thought from the Enlightenment through the nineteenth century but is rarely encountered in moral and political philosophical discourse today. One reason for this is that traditional libe ... Full text Cite

Institutionalizing the just war

Book · January 1, 2018 This book challenges traditional and contemporary just war theorizing, by taking seriously the role of social practices and institutions in decisions to go to war. It argues that which substantive moral principles regarding the initiation of war are valid ... Full text Cite

Medical paternalism

Chapter · November 22, 2017 Cite

The controversy over retrospective moral judgment

Chapter · July 12, 2017 The mandate of the U.S. Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments required that the Committee take a position on the validity of retrospective moral judgments. However, throughout its period of operation, the Committee remained divided on the quest ... Cite

PREPARING FOR THE NEXT PANDEMIC

Journal Article Social Philosophy and Policy · May 14, 2023 My aim in this essay is to argue for a better moral-conceptual framework and for institutional innovation in preparation for the next pandemic. My main conclusions are as follows. (1) The primary moral principle that should guide responses to the next pand ... Full text Cite

Social Experimentation in an Unjust World

Chapter · January 1, 2023 There is a resurgence of interest in social experimentation as a means of promoting social progress, including progress in justice. In this chapter, we first advance an argument in favor of social experimentation drawing on its capacity to resolve uncertai ... Full text Cite

When Knowing What Is Just and Being Committed to Achieving it Is Not Enough

Conference Journal of Applied Philosophy · November 1, 2021 In this article, I argue that overly-optimistic beliefs about how much progress toward justice has been made and overly-pessimistic beliefs about what progress toward justice can be made can both help perpetuate injustices. Further, such beliefs can help p ... Full text Cite

On the Ethics of Vaccine Nationalism: The Case for the Fair Priority for Residents Framework

Journal Article Ethics and International Affairs · January 1, 2021 COVID-19 vaccines are likely to be scarce for years to come. Many countries, from India to the U.K., have demonstrated vaccine nationalism. What are the ethical limits to this vaccine nationalism? Neither extreme nationalism nor extreme cosmopolitanism is ... Full text Cite

THE PERPETUAL STRUGGLE: HOW THE COEVOLUTION OF HIERARCHY AND RESISTANCE DRIVES THE EVOLUTION OF MORALITY AND INSTITUTIONS

Journal Article Social Philosophy and Policy · January 1, 2021 Since the earliest human societies, there has been an ongoing struggle between hierarchy and resistance to hierarchy, and this struggle is a major driver of the evolution of moralities and of institutions. Attempts to initiate or sustain hierarchies are of ... Full text Cite

How the Moral Community Evolves

Chapter · January 1, 2021 Moral reasoning is modulated by emotions and other cognitive biases. How do these covert biasing mechanisms shape perceptions of more fundamental moral categories, such as moral standing and moral status (together, “MSS”), out of which specific moral attit ... Full text Cite

Responsibility for Global Health

Chapter · January 1, 2021 Global health is becoming a fashionable term among scholars, human rights activists, state officials, leaders of international and transnational organizations, and others. Until recently, health as a matter of collective concern largely implied national he ... Full text Cite

Précis: Our moral fate: Evolution and the escape from tribalism

Journal Article Analyse und Kritik · November 1, 2020 The book uses evolutionary principles to explain tribalism, a way of thinking and acting that divides the world into Us versus Them and achieves cooperation within a group at the expense of erecting insuperable obstacles to cooperation among groups. Tribal ... Full text Cite

An ethical framework for global vaccine allocation.

Journal Article Science (New York, N.Y.) · September 2020 Full text Cite

Précis of the Evolution of Moral Progress: A Biocultural Theory

Journal Article Analyse und Kritik · November 1, 2019 The idea of moral progress played a central role in liberal political thought from the Enlightenment through the nineteenth century but is rarely encountered in moral and political philosophical discourse today. One reason for this is that traditional libe ... Full text Cite

Reply to Comments

Journal Article Analyse und Kritik · November 1, 2019 Commentators on The Evolution of Moral Progress: A Biocultural Theory raise a number of metaethical and moral concerns with our analysis, as well as some complaints regarding how we have interpreted and made use of the contemporary evolutionary and social ... Full text Cite

Institutional legitimacy

Chapter · January 18, 2018 Full text Cite

The evolution of moral progress: A biocultural theory

Book · January 1, 2018 The idea of moral progress played a central role in liberal political thought from the Enlightenment through the nineteenth century but is rarely encountered in moral and political philosophical discourse today. One reason for this is that traditional libe ... Full text Cite

Institutionalizing the just war

Book · January 1, 2018 This book challenges traditional and contemporary just war theorizing, by taking seriously the role of social practices and institutions in decisions to go to war. It argues that which substantive moral principles regarding the initiation of war are valid ... Full text Cite

Medical paternalism

Chapter · November 22, 2017 Cite

The controversy over retrospective moral judgment

Chapter · July 12, 2017 The mandate of the U.S. Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments required that the Committee take a position on the validity of retrospective moral judgments. However, throughout its period of operation, the Committee remained divided on the quest ... Cite

De-moralization as emancipation: Liberty, progress, and the evolution of invalid moral norms

Journal Article Social Philosophy and Policy · January 1, 2017 Liberal thinkers of the Enlightenment understood that surplus moral constraints, imposed by invalid moral norms, are a serious limitation on liberty. They also recognized that overcoming surplus moral constraints - what we call proper demoralization - is a ... Full text Cite

Pharmacogenetics: Ethical issues and policy options

Chapter · January 1, 2017 Pharmacogenetics offers the prospect of an era of safer and more effective drugs, as well as more individualized use of drug therapies. Before the benefits of pharmacogenetics can be realized, the ethical issues that arise in research and clinical applicat ... Full text Cite

What’s so special about rights?

Chapter · January 1, 2017 This chapter examines the assumption that frames the most important debates in contemporary moral and political philosophy-the assumption that the concept of a right has certain unique features which make rights so especially valuable as to be virtually in ... Full text Cite

Toward a naturalistic theory of moral progress

Journal Article Ethics · July 1, 2016 Early liberal theories about the feasibility of moral progress were premised on empirically ungrounded assumptions about human psychology and society. In this article, we develop a richer naturalistic account of the conditions under which one important for ... Full text Cite

Self-determination, revolution, and intervention

Journal Article Ethics · January 1, 2016 What limitations on intervention in support of democratic revolutions does proper regard for the collective right of self-determination impose? Some have held that if intervention in support of democratic revolutions is justified, it must cease once the au ... Full text Cite

Human Rights: A Plea for Taking the Law and Institutions Seriously

Conference Ethics and International Affairs · January 1, 2016 Full text Cite

Justice in the Diffusion of Innovation

Chapter · October 27, 2015 This chapter explains why a theory of justice must take the fact of innovation seriously and focuses on one important problem of justice in innovation: the fact that when powerful innovations do not diffuse widely, but are available only to some, this crea ... Full text Cite

The limits of evolutionary explanations of morality and their implications for moral progress

Journal Article Ethics · October 1, 2015 Traditional conservative arguments against the possibility of moral progress relied on underevidenced assumptions about the limitations of human nature. Contemporary thinkers have attempted to fill this empirical gap in the conservative argument by appeali ... Full text Cite

Justice in the Diffusion of Innovation

Chapter · May 27, 2015 This chapter proposes an international regulating body for the purposes of eliminating the problem of diffusion of innovation. Patent laws, intellectual property rights, monopolies, among other things, exacerbate political and economic inequalities by with ... Full text Cite

Toward a Drone Accountability regime

Conference Ethics and International Affairs · February 23, 2015 Full text Cite

Toward a drone accountability regime: A rejoinder

Conference Ethics and International Affairs · February 23, 2015 Full text Cite

Reply to Fenton, Fleck, Powers and Voigt

Journal Article Jurisprudence · January 1, 2015 Full text Cite

The Heart of Human Rights

Book · December 2013 This book provides a moral assessment of the heart of the modern human rights enterprise: the system of international legal human rights. ... Cite

Biodefence and the production of knowledge: rethinking the problem.

Journal Article Journal of medical ethics · April 2013 Biodefence, broadly understood as efforts to prevent or mitigate the damage of a bioterrorist attack, raises a number of ethical issues, from the allocation of scarce biomedical research and public health funds, to the use of coercion in quarantine and oth ... Full text Cite

Equality, Democracy, and the Human Right to Health Care

Chapter · September 13, 2012 This chapter considers whether or not there is a right to health care by focusing on equality and democracy. It considers two distinct trends that characterize the human right to health care. First, public health scholars increasingly emphasize that health ... Full text Cite

The open-ended normativity of the ethical

Journal Article Analyse und Kritik · January 1, 2012 In The Ethical, Project, Kitcher has three main aim: (1) to provide a naturalistic explanation of the rise of morality and of its subsequent development, (2) to supply an account of moral progress that explains progressive developments that have occurred s ... Full text Cite

Better than Human: The Promise and Perils of Enhancing Ourselves

Book · September 2, 2011 In Better Than Human, philosopher-bioethicist Allen Buchanan grapples with the ethical dilemmas of the biomedical enhancement revolution. ... Cite

Justice in the Diffusion of Innovation

Journal Article Journal of Political Philosophy · September 1, 2011 Full text Cite

Precommitment Regimes for Intervention: Supplementing the Security Council

Journal Article Ethics and International Affairs · April 6, 2011 Full text Cite

Breaking evolution's chains: the prospect of deliberate genetic modification in humans.

Journal Article The Journal of medicine and philosophy · February 2011 Many philosophers invoke the "wisdom of nature" in arguing for varying degrees of caution in the development and use of genetic enhancement technologies. Because they view natural selection as akin to a master engineer that creates functionally and morally ... Full text Cite

Reciprocal legitimation: Reframing the problem of international legitimacy

Journal Article Politics, Philosophy and Economics · February 1, 2011 Theorizing about the legitimacy of international institutions usually begins with a framing assumption according to which the legitimacy of the state is understood solely in terms of the relationship between the state and its citizens, without reference to ... Full text Cite

Moral progress and human rights

Book · January 1, 2011 This chapter makes the case that the concept of human rights on which the modern international human rights enterprise is grounded is morally progressive. I first clarify the idea of moral progress. Next, I focus on what I take to be some of the most impor ... Full text Cite

Cognitive enhancement and education

Journal Article Theory and Research in Education · January 1, 2011 Cognitive enhancement — augmenting normal cognitive capacities — is not new. Literacy, numeracy, computers, and the practices of science are all cognitive enhancements. Science is now making new cognitive enhancements possible. Biomedical cognitive enhance ... Full text Cite

Human Rights, Legitimacy, and the Use of Force

Book · December 14, 2009 The thirteen essays by Allen Buchanan collected here are arranged in such a way as to make evident their thematic interconnections: the important and hitherto unappreciated relationships among the nature and grounding of human rights, the ... ... Cite

Philosophy and public policy: A role for social moral epistemology

Journal Article Journal of Applied Philosophy · August 1, 2009 Part 1 of this essay argues that one of the most important contributions of philosophers to sound public policy may be to combat the influence of bad Philosophy (which includes, but is not limited to, bad Philosophy produced by accredited academic philosop ... Full text Cite

Human nature and enhancement.

Journal Article Bioethics · March 2009 Appeals to the idea of human nature are frequent in the voluminous literature on the ethics of enhancing human beings through biotechnology. Two chief concerns about the impact of enhancements on human nature have been voiced. The first is that enhancement ... Full text Cite

Moral Status and Human Enhancement

Journal Article Philosophy & Public Affairs · 2009 Full text Link to item Cite

The legitimacy of global governance institutions

Chapter · January 1, 2009 In this introduction, we attempt to elucidate three theoretical perspectives that are helpful in framing the contributions to this volume. In the course of this elucidation we also attempt to indicate some important problems that the debate currently faces ... Full text Cite

Enhancement and the ethics of development.

Journal Article Kennedy Institute of Ethics journal · March 2008 Much of the debate about the ethics of enhancement has proceeded according to two framing assumptions. The first is that although enhancement carries large social risks, the chief benefits of enhancement are to those who are enhanced (or their parents, in ... Full text Cite

Secession and nationalism

Chapter · January 1, 2008 The past decade and a half has witnessed a rash of secessionist movements. Some have succeeded, some have failed; some have involved large-scale conflict and ethnic cleansing, some have been remarkably peaceful. These momentous events call into question no ... Full text Cite

Human rights and the legitimacy of the international order

Journal Article Legal Theory · January 1, 2008 The international legal order is beginning to take human rights seriously, yet sound justifications for claims about human rights are conspicuously absent. Philosophers have begun to respond to this “justification deficit” by developing theories of human r ... Full text Cite

Social moral epistemology and the role of bioethicists

Chapter · December 1, 2007 As a species of practical ethics, bioethics aims not just at achieving a better understanding of ethical problems, but at understanding ethical problems in ways that contribute to morally better actions and policies. Given that the ultimate aim of bioethic ... Cite

Responsibility for global health.

Journal Article Theoretical medicine and bioethics · January 2006 There are several reasons for the current prominence of global health issues. Among the most important is the growing awareness that some risks to health are global in scope and can only be countered by global cooperation. In addition, human rights discour ... Full text Cite

The Legitimacy of Global Governance Institutions

Journal Article Ethics and International Affairs · January 1, 2006 Full text Cite

Institutions, Beliefs and Ethics: Eugenics as a Case Study

Journal Article The Journal of Political Philosophy · 2006 Cite

Institutionalizing the Just War

Journal Article Philosophy & Public Affairs · 2006 Full text Link to item Cite

Responsibility for Global Health

Journal Article Transnational Medicine · 2006 Cite

Democracy and the Commitment to International Law

Journal Article University of Georgia Journal of Comparative and International Law · 2006 Cite

In the national interest

Chapter · January 1, 2005 The dominance of a dogma Few deny that the national interest should play a major role in foreign policy. But often much stronger assertions about the national interest are made or, more frequently, uncritically assumed to be true. The strongest of these, a ... Full text Cite

The international institutional dimension of secession

Chapter · January 1, 2005 After a long period of neglect, political theorists have turned their attention to secession. A growing number of positions on the justification for, and scope of, the right to secede are being staked out. Yet, so far there has been no systematic account o ... Full text Cite

Justifying Preventive Force: A Reply to Lee

Journal Article Ethics & International Affairs · 2005 Cite

Equality and Human Rights

Journal Article Philosophy, Politics, and Economics · 2005 Cite

Justice, Legitimacy, and Self-Determination: Moral Foundations for International Law

Book · April 7, 2004 This book articulates a systematic vision of an international legal system grounded in the commitment to justice for all persons. It provides a probing exploration of the moral issues involved in disputes about secession, ethno-national conflict, 'the righ ... Full text Cite

Political Liberalism and Social Epistemology

Journal Article Philosophy & Public Affairs · 2004 Full text Link to item Cite

The Preventive use of Force: A Cosmopolitan Institutional Perspective

Journal Article Ethics & International Affairs · March 2003 Cite

Secession

Chapter · 2003 Cite

States, nations, and borders: The ethics of making boundaries

Book · January 1, 2003 This volume examines comparatively the views and principles of seven prominent ethical traditions on the issue of the making of state and national boundaries. The traditions represented are Judaism, Christianity, Islam, natural law, Confucianism, liberalis ... Full text Cite

Reforming the international law of humanitarian intervention

Chapter · January 1, 2003 The need for reform: The deficiency of existing law The NATO intervention in Kosovo (1999) is only the most recent of a series of illegal interventions for which plausible moral justifications can be given. Others include India's intervention in East Pakis ... Full text Cite

Introduction: The making and unmaking of boundaries

Chapter · January 1, 2003 This volume is concerned with one of the most pressing issues facing us today: the making and unmaking of boundaries. Even in this age of globalization – by which is usually meant capital mobility, extremely rapid methods of transportation and communicatio ... Full text Cite

Pharmacogenetic challenges for the health care system.

Journal Article Health affairs (Project Hope) · July 2002 Pharmacogenetics--the effect of genotype on drug response--holds the promise of safer and more effective drug therapy. Genetic tests would be routinely given to patients prior to prescription of a drug, with therapeutic decisions based on the patient's dru ... Full text Cite

Pharmacogenetics: Ethical Issues and Policy Options

Journal Article Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal · 2002 Cite

Act Consequentialism versus the Rule of Law: Reply to Naticchia

Journal Article Philosophy & Public Affairs · 2000 Cite

An Ethical Framework for Stored Biological Samples Policy

Journal Article National Bioethics Advisory Commission Report on Stored Biologival Samples · 2000 Cite

The Internal Legitimacy of Humanitarian Intervention

Journal Article The Journal of Political Philosophy · 1999 Cite

Trust in Managed Care Organizations

Journal Article Kennedy Institute Journal of Bioethics · 1999 Cite

Recognitional Legitimacy and the State System

Journal Article Philosophy & Public Affairs · 1999 Full text Link to item Cite

Managed care: rationing without justice, but not unjustly.

Journal Article Journal of health politics, policy and law · August 1998 Three ethical criticisms of managed care are often voiced: (1) by "skimming the cream" of the patient population, managed care organizations fail to discharge their obligations to improve access, or at least, to not worsen it; (2) managed care organization ... Full text Cite

Hereditary hemochromatosis: gene discovery and its implications for population-based screening.

Journal Article JAMA · July 1998 ObjectiveTo evaluate the role of genetic testing in screening for hereditary hemochromatosis to help guide clinicians, policymakers, and researchers.ParticipantsAn expert panel was convened on March 3, 1997, by the Centers for Disease Con ... Full text Cite

Economics and Ethics

Chapter · 1998 Cite

Rationing Without Justice, But Not Unjustly

Journal Article Journal of Health Politics, Law & Policy · 1998 Cite

Ethical Responsibilities of Patients and Clinicians Concerning Genetic Testing

Journal Article Journal of Health Care Law and Policy · 1998 Cite

Philosophic perspectives on access to health care: distributive justice in health care.

Journal Article The Mount Sinai journal of medicine, New York · March 1997 Cite

Distributive Justice in Health Care

Journal Article Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine · March 1997 Cite

Theories of Secession

Journal Article Philosophy & Public Affairs · 1997 Full text Link to item Cite

Separatism, Citizenship, and the State System

Journal Article Separatism · 1997 Cite

Toward a Theory of the Ethics of Bureaucratic Organizations

Journal Article Business Ethics Quarterly · 1996 This essay articulates a crucial and neglected element of a general theory of the ethics of bureaucratic organizations, both private and public. The key to the approach developed here is the thesis that the distinctive ethical principles applicable to bure ... Full text Link to item Cite

The Controversy Over Retrospective Moral Judgment

Journal Article Kennedy Institute Journal of Ethics · 1996 Cite

Perfecting Imperfect Duties: Collective Action to Create Moral Obligations

Journal Article Business Ethics Quarterly · 1996 Ethical problems in business include not only genuine moral dilemmas and compliance problems but also problems arising from the distinctive characteristics of imperfect duties. Collective action by business to perfect imperfect duties can yield significant ... Full text Link to item Cite

Privatization and just healthcare.

Journal Article Bioethics · July 1995 When advocates of insurance-privatization consider whether private insurance-dominated systems achieve justice at all, they tend to rely on an incomplete set of criteria for a just healthcare system. They also mistakenly assume that it is enough to show th ... Full text Cite

Privitization and Just Healthcare

Journal Article Bioethics · 1995 Cite

Federalism and the Sense of Political Unity

Journal Article IF (Journal of the IBM Foundation of Italty) · 1995 Cite

Secession, Federalism, and the Morality of Inclusion

Journal Article Arizona Law Review · 1995 Cite

Equal Opportunity and Genetic Intervention

Journal Article Social Philosophy & Policy · 1995 Cite

In Harm’s Way

Book · 1994 Cite

Computerised care plans in Tayside.

Journal Article Nursing standard (Royal College of Nursing (Great Britain) : 1987) · March 1993 The development of ward nursing information systems and, in particular, the advent of computerised nursing care plans, have caused some controversy and discomfort in professional circles. This article describes how staff in a large general hospital in Tays ... Full text Cite

The Terms of Secession

Conference Proceedings of the Canadian Association for the Advancement of Social Science · 1993 Cite

The Role of Collective Land Rights in the Theory and Practrice of Indigenous Peoples Rights

Journal Article Transitional Law and Contemporary Problems · 1993 Cite

The Morality of Inclusion

Journal Article Social Philosophy & Policy · 1993 Cite

The 'longlong' population of Ialibu District, Southern Highlands Province, Papua New Guinea: contact with health services and care in the village.

Journal Article Papua and New Guinea medical journal · September 1992 The aim of the study was to describe the general behaviour, living arrangements and level of health services contact of the mentally ill population of a health district in Papua New Guinea. The immediate relatives of 31 'longlong' people living in Ialibu D ... Cite

Quebec Secession and Native Territorial Rights

Journal Article Network on the Constitution · 1992 Cite

Individual rights and social change

Journal Article Philosophical Papers · January 1, 1991 Full text Cite

Individual Rights and Social Change

Journal Article Philosophical Papers · 1991 Cite

The Right of Self-Determination: Analytical and Moral Foundations

Journal Article Arizona Journal of International and Comparative Law · 1991 Cite

Secession and Self-Determination

Journal Article Journal of International Affairs · 1991 Cite

Bioethicists' statement on the U.S. Supreme Court's Cruzan decision.

Journal Article The New England journal of medicine · September 1990 Full text Cite

Justice as Reciprocity versus Subject-Centered Justice

Journal Article Philosophy & Public Affairs · 1990 Full text Link to item Cite

Absconders from a rural health centre in Papua New Guinea.

Journal Article Papua and New Guinea medical journal · September 1988 Cite

Marx as Kierkegaard

Journal Article Philosophical Studies · January 1, 1988 Full text Cite

Advance Directives and the Personal Identity Problem

Journal Article Philosophy & Public Affairs · 1988 Full text Link to item Cite

Doctors' health centre visits in the Southern Highlands of Papua New Guinea.

Journal Article Papua and New Guinea medical journal · March 1987 Cite

The profit motive in medicine.

Journal Article The Journal of medicine and philosophy · February 1987 The ethical implications of the growth of for-profit health care institutions are complex. Two major moral criticisms of for-profit medicine are analyzed. The first claim is that for-profit health care institutions fail to fulfill their obligations to do t ... Full text Cite

Marx on Progress and History

Conference proceedings of the Eleventh Wittgenstein Symposium, Kirchberg, Austria · 1987 Cite

What's so Special About Rights?

Journal Article Ethics · 1987 Cite

Justice and Charity

Journal Article Ethics · 1987 Full text Link to item Cite

The Profit Motive in Medicine

Journal Article Medicine and Philosophy · 1987 Cite

Food incentives to improve clinic attendance.

Journal Article Lancet (London, England) · July 1986 Full text Cite

Concepts of Competence: Reinventing the Scale?

Journal Article The Hastings Center Report · 1986 Full text Link to item Cite

Deciding for Others

Journal Article The Milbank Quarterly · 1986 Decision making for incompetent elderly people is an increasingly serious issue for American society. The decision-making processes we choose will reflect choices among a number of ethical principles-those specifying the purpose of substituted judgment, th ... Full text Link to item Cite

The Right to a Decent Minimum of Health Care

Journal Article Philosophy & Public Affairs · 1984 Full text Link to item Cite

Review article on Allen Wood's Marx

Journal Article The Journal of Philosophy · 1983 Cite

Review article on Kant's theory of Morals by Bruce Aune

Journal Article The Philosophical Review · 1982 Cite

The Marxian Critique of Justice and Rights

Journal Article Canadian Journal of Philosophy, Supplementary Volume: Marx and Morality · 1982 Cite

The limits of proxy decisionmaking for incompetents.

Journal Article UCLA law review. University of California, Los Angeles. School of Law · January 1981 Cite

The Fetishism of Democracy: A Reply to Professor Gould

Journal Article The Journal of Philosophy · 1980 Full text Link to item Cite

Autonomy, Fairness, and Freedom of Expression: A Reply to Professor Scanlon

Journal Article University of Pittsburgh Law Review · 1980 Cite

Exploitation, Alienation, and Injustice

Journal Article Canadian Journal of Philosophy · 1979 Full text Link to item Cite

Medical paternalism or legal imperialism: not the only alternatives for handling Saikewicz-type cases.

Journal Article American journal of law & medicine · January 1979 In 1977, the Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts held in the Saikewicz case that the probate court is the proper tribunal for making decisions whether to give or withhold "life-prolonging treatment" for terminally ill incompetent patients. This ruling ... Cite

Revolutionary Motivation and Rationality

Journal Article Philosophy & Public Affairs · 1979 Full text Link to item Cite

Medical Paternalism and Legal Imperialism: Not the Only Alternatives

Journal Article American Journal of Law and Medicine · 1978 Cite

Medical Paternalism

Journal Article Philosophy & Public Affairs · 1978 Full text Link to item Cite

Review article on Onora Nell's Acting on Principal

Journal Article The Journal of Philosophy · 1978 Cite

Categorical Imperatives and Moral Principles

Journal Article Philosophical Studies: An International Journal for Philosophy in the Analytic Tradition · 1977 Full text Link to item Cite

Basic Knowledge

Journal Article Philosophy and Phenomenological Research · 1976 Full text Link to item Cite

Revisability and Rational Choice

Journal Article Canadian Journal of Philosophy · 1975 Full text Link to item Cite

Distributive Justice and Legitimate Expectations

Journal Article Philosophical Studies: An International Journal for Philosophy in the Analytic Tradition · 1975 Full text Link to item Cite

Kant’s Second Analogy

Conference Proceedings of the International Congress on Kant · 1974 Cite