Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 Infections Among Children in the Biospecimens from Respiratory Virus-Exposed Kids (BRAVE Kids) Study.
BACKGROUND: Child with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection typically have mild symptoms that do not require medical attention, leaving a gap in our understanding of the spectrum of SARS-CoV-2-related illnesses that the viruses causes in children. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study of children and adolescents (aged <21 years) with a SARS-CoV-2-infected close contact. We collected nasopharyngeal or nasal swabs at enrollment and tested for SARS-CoV-2 using a real-time polymerase chain reaction assay. RESULTS: Of 382 children, 293 (77%) were SARS-CoV-2-infected. SARS-CoV-2-infected children were more likely to be Hispanic (P < .0001), less likely to have asthma (P = .005), and more likely to have an infected sibling contact (P = .001) than uninfected children. Children aged 6-13 years were frequently asymptomatic (39%) and had respiratory symptoms less often than younger children (29% vs 48%; P = .01) or adolescents (29% vs 60%; P < .001). Compared with children aged 6-13 years, adolescents more frequently reported influenza-like (61% vs 39%; P < .001) , and gastrointestinal (27% vs 9%; P = .002), and sensory symptoms (42% vs 9%; P < .0001) and had more prolonged illnesses (median [interquartile range] duration: 7 [4-12] vs 4 [3-8] days; P = 0.01). Despite the age-related variability in symptoms, wWe found no difference in nasopharyngeal viral load by age or between symptomatic and asymptomatic children. CONCLUSIONS: Hispanic ethnicity and an infected sibling close contact are associated with increased SARS-CoV-2 infection risk among children, while asthma is associated with decreased risk. Age-related differences in clinical manifestations of SARS-CoV-2 infection must be considered when evaluating children for coronavirus disease 2019 and in developing screening strategies for schools and childcare settings.
Cunningham, Coleen Kathryn
Denny, Thomas Norton
Moody, Michael Anthony
Permar, Sallie Robey
Rotta, Alexandre Tellechea
Walter Jr., Emmanuel Benjamin
Woods, Christopher Wildrick
Hurst, JH; Heston, SM; Chambers, HN; Cunningham, HM; Price, MJ; Suarez, L; Crew, CG; Bose, S; Aquino, JN; Carr, ST; Griffin, SM; Smith, SH; Jenkins, K; Pfeiffer, TS; Rodriguez, J; DeMarco, CT; De Naeyer, NA; Gurley, TC; Louzao, R; Zhao, C; Cunningham, CK; Steinbach, WJ; Denny, TN; Lugo, DJ; Moody, MA; Permar, SR; Rotta, AT; Turner, NA; Walter, EB; Woods, CW; Kelly, MS
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