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Felipe De Brigard

Fuchsberg-Levine Family Associate Professor
Philosophy

Selected Publications


Counterfactual thinking induces different neural patterns of memory modification in anxious individuals.

Journal Article Scientific reports · May 2024 Episodic counterfactual thinking (eCFT) is the process of mentally simulating alternate versions of experiences, which confers new phenomenological properties to the original memory and may be a useful therapeutic target for trait anxiety. However, it rema ... Full text Cite

Connectivity analyses for task-based fMRI.

Journal Article Phys Life Rev · April 30, 2024 Functional connectivity is conventionally defined by measuring the similarity between brain signals from two regions. The technique has become widely adopted in the analysis of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data, where it has provided cognit ... Full text Link to item Cite

The emotional impact of baseless discrediting of knowledge: An empirical investigation of epistemic injustice.

Journal Article Acta psychologica · April 2024 According to theoretical work on epistemic injustice, baseless discrediting of the knowledge of people with marginalized social identities is a central driver of prejudice and discrimination. Discrediting of knowledge may sometimes be subtle, but it is per ... Full text Cite

Looking at Mental Images: Eye-Tracking Mental Simulation During Retrospective Causal Judgment.

Journal Article Cognitive science · March 2024 How do people evaluate causal relationships? Do they just consider what actually happened, or do they also consider what could have counterfactually happened? Using eye tracking and Gaussian process modeling, we investigated how people mentally simulated p ... Full text Cite

Perceived plausibility modulates hippocampal activity in episodic counterfactual thinking.

Journal Article Hippocampus · January 2024 Episodic counterfactual thinking (ECT) consists of imagining alternative outcomes to past personal events. Previous research has shown that ECT shares common neural substrates with episodic future thinking (EFT): our ability to imagine possible future even ... Full text Cite

A computational modeling approach to investigating mind wandering-related adjustments to gaze behavior during scene viewing.

Journal Article Cognition · January 2024 Research on gaze control has long shown that increased visual-cognitive processing demands in scene viewing are associated with longer fixation durations. More recently, though, longer durations have also been linked to mind wandering, a perceptually decou ... Full text Cite

On the frequency and nature of the cues that elicit déjà vu and involuntary autobiographical memories.

Journal Article The Behavioral and brain sciences · November 2023 Barzykowski and Moulin suggest that déjà vu and involuntary autobiographical memories recruit similar retrieval processes. Here, we invite the authors to clarify three issues: (1) What mechanism prevents déjà vu to happen more frequently? (2) What is the r ... Full text Cite

Moralization and self-control strategy selection.

Journal Article Psychonomic bulletin & review · August 2023 To manage conflicts between temptation and commitment, people use self-control. The process model of self-control outlines different strategies for managing the onset and experience of temptation. However, little is known about the decision-making factors ... Full text Cite

"Repressed Memory" Makes No Sense.

Journal Article Topics in cognitive science · June 2023 The expression "repressed memory" was introduced over 100 years ago as a theoretical term purportedly referring to an unobservable psychological entity postulated by Freud's seduction theory. That theory, however, and its hypothesized cognitive architectur ... Full text Cite

Not Every Thing Must Go.

Journal Article Journal of cognitive neuroscience · March 2023 In The Entangled Brain, Pessoa criticizes standard approaches in cognitive neuroscience in which the brain is seen as a functionally decomposable, modular system with causal operations built up hierarchically. Instead, he advocates for an emergentist persp ... Full text Cite

Mental control and attributions of blame for negligent wrongdoing.

Journal Article Journal of experimental psychology. General · January 2023 Third-personal judgments of blame are typically sensitive to what an agent knows and desires. However, when people act negligently, they do not know what they are doing and do not desire the outcomes of their negligence. How, then, do people attribute blam ... Full text Cite

Controversies and progress on standardization of large-scale brain network nomenclature.

Journal Article Network neuroscience (Cambridge, Mass.) · January 2023 Progress in scientific disciplines is accompanied by standardization of terminology. Network neuroscience, at the level of macroscale organization of the brain, is beginning to confront the challenges associated with developing a taxonomy of its fundamenta ... Full text Cite

Prestimulus oscillatory brain activity interacts with evoked recurrent processing to facilitate conscious visual perception.

Journal Article Sci Rep · December 22, 2022 We investigated whether prestimulus alpha-band oscillatory activity and stimulus-elicited recurrent processing interact to facilitate conscious visual perception. Participants tried to perceive a visual stimulus that was perceptually masked through object ... Full text Link to item Cite

Age differences in the functional architecture of the human brain.

Journal Article Cerebral cortex (New York, N.Y. : 1991) · December 2022 The intrinsic functional organization of the brain changes into older adulthood. Age differences are observed at multiple spatial scales, from global reductions in modularity and segregation of distributed brain systems, to network-specific patterns of ded ... Full text Cite

Neural differences between internal and external episodic counterfactual thoughts.

Journal Article Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences · December 2022 Episodic counterfactual thoughts (eCFT) consist of imagining alternative outcomes to past experiences. A common sub-class of eCFT-upward eCFT-involves imagining how past negative experiences could have been better, either because one could ha ... Full text Cite

A functional neuroimaging investigation of Moral Foundations Theory.

Journal Article Social neuroscience · December 2022 Moral Foundations Theory (MFT) posits that the human mind contains modules (or "foundations") that are functionally specialized to moralize unique dimensions of the social world: Authority, Loyalty, Purity, Harm, Fairness, and Liberty. Despite this strong ... Full text Cite

The moderating effects of nostalgia on mood and optimism during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Journal Article Memory (Hove, England) · October 2022 The initial waves of the coronavirus pandemic amplified feelings of depression, psychological fatigue and pessimism for the future. Past research suggests that nostalgia helps to repair negative moods by boosting current and future-oriented positive affect ... Full text Cite

Counterfactual thinking induces different neural patterns of memory modification in anxious individuals.

Journal Article Scientific reports · May 2024 Episodic counterfactual thinking (eCFT) is the process of mentally simulating alternate versions of experiences, which confers new phenomenological properties to the original memory and may be a useful therapeutic target for trait anxiety. However, it rema ... Full text Cite

Connectivity analyses for task-based fMRI.

Journal Article Phys Life Rev · April 30, 2024 Functional connectivity is conventionally defined by measuring the similarity between brain signals from two regions. The technique has become widely adopted in the analysis of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data, where it has provided cognit ... Full text Link to item Cite

The emotional impact of baseless discrediting of knowledge: An empirical investigation of epistemic injustice.

Journal Article Acta psychologica · April 2024 According to theoretical work on epistemic injustice, baseless discrediting of the knowledge of people with marginalized social identities is a central driver of prejudice and discrimination. Discrediting of knowledge may sometimes be subtle, but it is per ... Full text Cite

Looking at Mental Images: Eye-Tracking Mental Simulation During Retrospective Causal Judgment.

Journal Article Cognitive science · March 2024 How do people evaluate causal relationships? Do they just consider what actually happened, or do they also consider what could have counterfactually happened? Using eye tracking and Gaussian process modeling, we investigated how people mentally simulated p ... Full text Cite

Perceived plausibility modulates hippocampal activity in episodic counterfactual thinking.

Journal Article Hippocampus · January 2024 Episodic counterfactual thinking (ECT) consists of imagining alternative outcomes to past personal events. Previous research has shown that ECT shares common neural substrates with episodic future thinking (EFT): our ability to imagine possible future even ... Full text Cite

A computational modeling approach to investigating mind wandering-related adjustments to gaze behavior during scene viewing.

Journal Article Cognition · January 2024 Research on gaze control has long shown that increased visual-cognitive processing demands in scene viewing are associated with longer fixation durations. More recently, though, longer durations have also been linked to mind wandering, a perceptually decou ... Full text Cite

On the frequency and nature of the cues that elicit déjà vu and involuntary autobiographical memories.

Journal Article The Behavioral and brain sciences · November 2023 Barzykowski and Moulin suggest that déjà vu and involuntary autobiographical memories recruit similar retrieval processes. Here, we invite the authors to clarify three issues: (1) What mechanism prevents déjà vu to happen more frequently? (2) What is the r ... Full text Cite

Moralization and self-control strategy selection.

Journal Article Psychonomic bulletin & review · August 2023 To manage conflicts between temptation and commitment, people use self-control. The process model of self-control outlines different strategies for managing the onset and experience of temptation. However, little is known about the decision-making factors ... Full text Cite

"Repressed Memory" Makes No Sense.

Journal Article Topics in cognitive science · June 2023 The expression "repressed memory" was introduced over 100 years ago as a theoretical term purportedly referring to an unobservable psychological entity postulated by Freud's seduction theory. That theory, however, and its hypothesized cognitive architectur ... Full text Cite

Not Every Thing Must Go.

Journal Article Journal of cognitive neuroscience · March 2023 In The Entangled Brain, Pessoa criticizes standard approaches in cognitive neuroscience in which the brain is seen as a functionally decomposable, modular system with causal operations built up hierarchically. Instead, he advocates for an emergentist persp ... Full text Cite

Mental control and attributions of blame for negligent wrongdoing.

Journal Article Journal of experimental psychology. General · January 2023 Third-personal judgments of blame are typically sensitive to what an agent knows and desires. However, when people act negligently, they do not know what they are doing and do not desire the outcomes of their negligence. How, then, do people attribute blam ... Full text Cite

Controversies and progress on standardization of large-scale brain network nomenclature.

Journal Article Network neuroscience (Cambridge, Mass.) · January 2023 Progress in scientific disciplines is accompanied by standardization of terminology. Network neuroscience, at the level of macroscale organization of the brain, is beginning to confront the challenges associated with developing a taxonomy of its fundamenta ... Full text Cite

Prestimulus oscillatory brain activity interacts with evoked recurrent processing to facilitate conscious visual perception.

Journal Article Sci Rep · December 22, 2022 We investigated whether prestimulus alpha-band oscillatory activity and stimulus-elicited recurrent processing interact to facilitate conscious visual perception. Participants tried to perceive a visual stimulus that was perceptually masked through object ... Full text Link to item Cite

Age differences in the functional architecture of the human brain.

Journal Article Cerebral cortex (New York, N.Y. : 1991) · December 2022 The intrinsic functional organization of the brain changes into older adulthood. Age differences are observed at multiple spatial scales, from global reductions in modularity and segregation of distributed brain systems, to network-specific patterns of ded ... Full text Cite

Neural differences between internal and external episodic counterfactual thoughts.

Journal Article Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences · December 2022 Episodic counterfactual thoughts (eCFT) consist of imagining alternative outcomes to past experiences. A common sub-class of eCFT-upward eCFT-involves imagining how past negative experiences could have been better, either because one could ha ... Full text Cite

A functional neuroimaging investigation of Moral Foundations Theory.

Journal Article Social neuroscience · December 2022 Moral Foundations Theory (MFT) posits that the human mind contains modules (or "foundations") that are functionally specialized to moralize unique dimensions of the social world: Authority, Loyalty, Purity, Harm, Fairness, and Liberty. Despite this strong ... Full text Cite

The moderating effects of nostalgia on mood and optimism during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Journal Article Memory (Hove, England) · October 2022 The initial waves of the coronavirus pandemic amplified feelings of depression, psychological fatigue and pessimism for the future. Past research suggests that nostalgia helps to repair negative moods by boosting current and future-oriented positive affect ... Full text Cite

Confidence and gradation in causal judgment.

Journal Article Cognition · June 2022 When comparing the roles of the lightning strike and the dry climate in causing the forest fire, one might think that the lightning strike is more of a cause than the dry climate, or one might think that the lightning strike completely caused the fire whil ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Effects of category learning strategies on recognition memory.

Journal Article Memory & cognition · April 2022 Extant research has shown that previously acquired categorical knowledge affects recognition memory, and that differences in category learning strategies impact classification accuracy. However, it is unknown whether different learning strategies also have ... Full text Cite

Rethinking the distinction between episodic and semantic memory: Insights from the past, present, and future.

Journal Article Memory & cognition · April 2022 On the 50th anniversary of Tulving's introduction of the celebrated distinction between episodic and semantic memory, it seems more than fitting to revisit his proposal in light of recent conceptual and methodological advances in the field. This Special Is ... Full text Cite

Effects of mental simulation of future waterpipe tobacco smoking on attitudes, perceived harms and intended use among young adults.

Journal Article Journal of behavioral medicine · February 2022 The desire to engage in waterpipe tobacco smoking (WTS) may occur when smokers and nonsmokers conjure positive mental simulations of WTS. However, effects of these simulations on desire to smoke waterpipe tobacco and potential mediators are unexplored. Thi ... Full text Cite

Episodic Past, Future, and counterfactual thinking in Relapsing-Remitting Multiple sclerosis.

Journal Article Neuroimage Clin · 2022 Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a progressive disease characterized by widespread white matter lesions in the brain and spinal cord. In addition to well-characterized motor deficits, MS results in cognitive impairments in several domains, notably in episodic au ... Full text Link to item Cite

Memory

Chapter · January 1, 2022 The idea that there are different kinds of memory is old. Aristotle, for instance, famously distinguished between memory and reminiscence, the former roughly corresponding to the retention of temporally based information from past events, and the latter to ... Full text Cite

Measuring and Modeling Confidence in Human Causal Judgment

Conference Proceedings of the 44th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society: Cognitive Diversity, CogSci 2022 · January 1, 2022 The human capacity for causal judgment has long been thought to depend on an ability to consider counterfactual alternatives: the lightning strike caused the forest fire because had it not struck, the forest fire would not have ensued. To accommodate psych ... Cite

Eye-tracking mental simulation during retrospective causal reasoning

Conference Proceedings of the 44th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society: Cognitive Diversity, CogSci 2022 · January 1, 2022 There are conflicting theories about how people reason through cause and effect. A key distinction between two prominent accounts pertains to whether, in judging an event's causal relevance, people preferentially consider what actually happened (as predict ... Cite

Multivariate pattern analysis and the search for neural representations

Journal Article Synthese · December 1, 2021 Multivariate pattern analysis, or MVPA, has become one of the most popular analytic methods in cognitive neuroscience. Since its inception, MVPA has been heralded as offering much more than regular univariate analyses, for—we are told—it not only can tell ... Full text Cite

Age differences in intuitive moral decision-making: Associations with inter-network neural connectivity.

Journal Article Psychology and aging · December 2021 Positions of power involving moral decision-making are often held by older adults (OAs). However, little is known about age differences in moral decision-making and the intrinsic organization of the aging brain. In this study, younger adults (YAs; n ... Full text Cite

Making moral principles suit yourself.

Journal Article Psychonomic bulletin & review · October 2021 Normative ethical theories and religious traditions offer general moral principles for people to follow. These moral principles are typically meant to be fixed and rigid, offering reliable guides for moral judgment and decision-making. In two preregistered ... Full text Cite

Memory and Counterfactual Simulations for Past Wrongdoings Foster Moral Learning and Improvement.

Journal Article Cognitive science · June 2021 In four studies, we investigated the role of remembering, reflecting on, and mutating personal past moral transgressions to learn from those moral mistakes and to form intentions for moral improvement. Participants reported having ruminated on their past w ... Full text Cite

Perceived similarity of imagined possible worlds affects judgments of counterfactual plausibility.

Journal Article Cognition · April 2021 People frequently entertain counterfactual thoughts, or mental simulations about alternative ways the world could have been. But the perceived plausibility of those counterfactual thoughts varies widely. The current article interfaces research in the philo ... Full text Cite

Confidence and Gradation in Causal Judgment

Journal Article · February 18, 2021 When comparing the roles of the lightning strike and the dry climate in causing the forest fire, one might think that the lightning strike is more of a cause than the dry climate, or one might think that the lightning strike completely caused the fire w ... Full text Cite

Norms Affect Prospective Causal Judgments.

Journal Article Cognitive science · January 2021 People more frequently select norm-violating factors, relative to norm-conforming ones, as the cause of some outcome. Until recently, this abnormal-selection effect has been studied using retrospective vignette-based paradigms. We use a novel set of video ... Full text Cite

Prediction and Topological Models in Neuroscience

Chapter · January 1, 2021 In the last two decades, philosophy of neuroscience has predominantly focused on explanation. Indeed, it has been argued that mechanistic models are the standards of explanatory success in neuroscience over, among other things, topological models. However, ... Full text Cite

Modeling Confidence in Causal Judgments

Journal Article · 2021 The human capacity for causal judgment has long been thought to depend on an ability to consider counterfactual alternatives: the lightning strike caused the forest fire because had it not struck, the forest fire would not have ensued. To accommodate ps ... Full text Open Access Cite

The Efficacy of Downward Counterfactual Thinking for Regulating Emotional Memories in Anxious Individuals.

Journal Article Frontiers in psychology · January 2021 Aversive autobiographical memories sometimes prompt maladaptive emotional responses and contribute to affective dysfunction in anxiety and depression. One way to regulate the impact of such memories is to create a downward counterfactual thought-a mental s ... Full text Cite

Moral Memories and Identity Protection

Journal Article Psychological Inquiry · January 1, 2021 Full text Cite

Phenomenology of counterfactual thinking is dampened in anxious individuals.

Journal Article Cognition & emotion · December 2020 Counterfactual thinking (CFT), or simulating alternative versions of occurred events, is a common psychological strategy people use to process events in their lives. However, CFT is also a core component of ruminative thinking that contributes to psychopat ... Full text Cite

Resistance to Position Change, Motivated Reasoning, and Polarization

Journal Article Political Behavior · September 1, 2020 People seem more divided than ever before over social and political issues, entrenched in their existing beliefs and unwilling to change them. Empirical research on mechanisms driving this resistance to belief change has focused on a limited set of well-kn ... Full text Cite

Differential contribution of anterior and posterior midline regions during mental simulation of counterfactual and perspective shifts in autobiographical memories.

Journal Article NeuroImage · July 2020 Retrieving autobiographical memories induces a natural tendency to mentally simulate alternate versions of past events, either by reconstructing the perceptual details of the originally experienced perspective or the conceptual information of what actually ... Full text Cite

Age-related differences in recognition in associative memory.

Journal Article Neuropsychology, development, and cognition. Section B, Aging, neuropsychology and cognition · March 2020 Aging is often accompanied by associative memory changes, although their precise nature remains unclear. This study examines how recognition of item position in the context of associative memory differs between younger and older adults. Participants studie ... Full text Cite

The centrality of remembered moral and immoral actions in constructing personal identity.

Journal Article Memory (Hove, England) · February 2020 There is a widespread belief that morally good traits and qualities are particularly central to psychological constructions of personal identity. People have a strong tendency to believe that they truly are morally good. We suggest that autobiographical me ... Full text Cite

The phenomenology of remembering our moral transgressions.

Journal Article Memory & cognition · February 2020 People tend to believe that they truly are morally good, and yet they commit moral transgressions with surprising frequency in their everyday lives. To explain this phenomenon, some theorists have suggested that people remember their moral transgressions w ... Full text Cite

Remembering possible times: Memory for details of past, future, and counterfactual simulations.

Journal Article Psychology of Consciousness: Theory Research, and Practice · January 1, 2020 People’s capacity to mentally simulate future events (episodic future thinking) as well as what could have occurred in the past but did not (episodic counterfactual thinking) critically depends on their capacity to retrieve episodic memories. All 3 mental ... Full text Cite

Do we need another kind of memory?

Journal Article Journal of Consciousness Studies · January 1, 2020 Cite

Norms Affect Prospective Causal Judgments

Journal Article · December 30, 2019 People more frequently select norm-violating factors, relative to norm-conforming ones, as the cause of some outcome. Until recently, this abnormal-selection effect has been studied using retrospective vignette-based paradigms. We use a novel set of vid ... Full text Cite

Two challenges for a dual system approach to temporal cognition.

Journal Article The Behavioral and brain sciences · December 12, 2019 Hoerl & McCormack (H&M) propose a two-system account of temporal cognition. We suggest that, following other classic proposals where cognitive systems are putatively independent, H&M's two-system hypothesis should, at a minimum, involve (1) a difference in ... Full text Cite

A counterfactual explanation for the action effect in causal judgment.

Journal Article Cognition · September 2019 People's causal judgments are susceptible to the action effect, whereby they judge actions to be more causal than inactions. We offer a new explanation for this effect, the counterfactual explanation: people judge actions to be more causal than inactions b ... Full text Cite

Moral Memories and the Belief in the Good Self

Journal Article Current Directions in Psychological Science · August 1, 2019 Most people believe they are morally good, and this belief plays an integral role in constructions of personal identity. Yet people commit moral transgressions with surprising frequency in everyday life. In this article, we characterize two mechanisms invo ... Full text Cite

How thinking about what could have been affects how we feel about what was.

Journal Article Cognition & emotion · June 2019 Episodic counterfactual thoughts (CFT) and autobiographical memories (AM) involve the reactivation and recombination of episodic memory components into mental simulations. Upon reactivation, memories become labile and prone to modification. Thus, reactivat ... Full text Cite

Responsibility for forgetting

Journal Article Philosophical Studies · May 1, 2019 In this paper, we focus on whether and to what extent we judge that people are responsible for the consequences of their forgetfulness. We ran a series of behavioral studies to measure judgments of responsibility for the consequences of forgetfulness. Our ... Full text Cite

Remembering moral and immoral actions in constructing the self.

Journal Article Memory & cognition · April 2019 Having positive moral traits is central to one's sense of self, and people generally are motivated to maintain a positive view of the self in the present. But it remains unclear how people foster a positive, morally good view of the self in the present. We ... Full text Cite

Against Some Recent Arguments for ‘Ought’ Implies ‘Can’: Reasons, Deliberation, Trying, and Furniture

Journal Article Philosophia (United States) · March 15, 2019 Many philosophers claim that ‘ought’ implies ‘can’. In light of recent empirical evidence, however, some skeptics conclude that philosophers should stop assuming the principle unconditionally. Streumer, however, does not simply assume the principle’s truth ... Full text Cite

Episodic Counterfactual Thinking

Journal Article Current Directions in Psychological Science · February 1, 2019 Our tendency to engage in episodic counterfactual thinking—namely, imagining alternative ways in which past personal events could have occurred but did not—is ubiquitous. Although widely studied by cognitive and social psychologists, this autobiographicall ... Full text Cite

Network modularity as a foundation for neural reuse

Journal Article Philosophy of Science · January 1, 2019 The neural reuse framework developed primarily by Michael Anderson proposes that brain regions are involved in multiple and diverse cognitive tasks and that brain regions flexibly and dynamically interact in different combinations to carry out cognitive fu ... Full text Cite

Know-how, intellectualism, and memory systems

Journal Article Philosophical Psychology · January 1, 2019 A longstanding tradition in philosophy distinguishes between knowthatand know-how. This traditional “anti-intellectualist” view is soentrenched in folk psychology that it is often invoked in supportof an allegedly equivalent distinction between explicit an ... Full text Cite

Editor’s introduction

Journal Article Philosophical Psychology · January 1, 2019 Full text Cite

Norms and the meaning of omissive enabling conditions

Conference Proceedings of the 41st Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society: Creativity + Cognition + Computation, CogSci 2019 · January 1, 2019 People often reason about omissions. One line of research shows that people can distinguish between the semantics of omissive causes and omissive enabling conditions: for instance, not flunking out of college enabled you (but didn't cause you) to graduate. ... Cite

The Effect for Category Learning on Recognition Memory: A Signal Detection Theory Analysis

Conference Proceedings of the 41st Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society: Creativity + Cognition + Computation, CogSci 2019 · January 1, 2019 Previous studies have shown that category learning affects subsequent recognition memory. However, questions remain as to how category learning affects discriminability during recognition. In this three-stage study, we employed sets of simulated flowers wi ... Cite

What if? Neural activity underlying semantic and episodic counterfactual thinking.

Journal Article NeuroImage · September 2018 Counterfactual thinking (CFT) is the process of mentally simulating alternative versions of known facts. In the past decade, cognitive neuroscientists have begun to uncover the neural underpinnings of CFT, particularly episodic CFT (eCFT), which activates ... Full text Cite

Reasons probably won't change your mind: The role of reasons in revising moral decisions.

Journal Article Journal of experimental psychology. General · July 2018 Although many philosophers argue that making and revising moral decisions ought to be a matter of deliberating over reasons, the extent to which the consideration of reasons informs people's moral decisions and prompts them to change their decisions remain ... Full text Cite

No evidence for unethical amnesia for imagined actions: A failed replication and extension.

Journal Article Memory & cognition · July 2018 In a recent study, Kouchaki and Gino (2016) suggest that memory for unethical actions is impaired, regardless of whether such actions are real or imagined. However, as we argue in the current study, their claim that people develop "unethical amnesia" confu ... Full text Cite

Correction to: The Effect of What We Think may Happen on our Judgments of Responsibility (Review of Philosophy and Psychology, (2013), 4, 2, (259-269), 10.1007/s13164-013-0133-8)

Journal Article Review of Philosophy and Psychology · June 1, 2018 On pages 263, 265, and 266, incorrect degrees of freedom and t values were reported. The statistical conclusions are not affected by these reporting errors, but the corrected values are shown below. ... Full text Cite

Consistent Belief in a Good True Self in Misanthropes and Three Interdependent Cultures.

Journal Article Cognitive science · May 2018 People sometimes explain behavior by appealing to an essentialist concept of the self, often referred to as the true self. Existing studies suggest that people tend to believe that the true self is morally virtuous; that is deep inside, every person is mot ... Full text Cite

No Evidence for Unethical Amnesia for Imagined Actions: A Failed Replication and Extension

Journal Article · March 1, 2018 In a recent paper, Kouchaki and Gino (2016) suggest that memory for unethical actions is impaired, regardless of whether such actions are real or imagined. However, as we argue in the current paper, their claim that people develop “unethical amnesia” co ... Full text Cite

Memory and the intentional stance

Chapter · February 15, 2018 Despite Dennett's vast scholarship, he seemed to only have directly addressed the topic of memory in a relatively unknown coauthored article published in a somewhat obscure volume. The current chapter attempts to reconstruct the ideas from this old article ... Full text Cite

Why episodic memory may not be for communication.

Journal Article The Behavioral and brain sciences · January 2018 Three serious challenges to Mahr & Csibra's (M&C's) proposal are presented. First, we argue that the epistemic attitude that they claim is unique to remembering also applies to some forms of imaginative simulations that aren't memories. Second, we argue th ... Full text Cite

Memory, attention, and joint reminiscing

Chapter · January 1, 2018 When people jointly reminisce, they often talk about past objects, which may or may no longer exist. How can two or more people jointly refer to an object that is long gone-or at least, that is not present in their surrounding? In this chapter, I offer a t ... Full text Cite

The discontinuity of levels in cognitive science

Journal Article Teorema · January 1, 2018 We begin by characterizing Dennett’s “homuncular functionalist” view of the mind, as described in his early work. We then contrast that view with the one outlined in From Bacteria to Bach and Back. We argue that recent changes in Dennett’s view have produc ... Cite

Neural activity associated with repetitive simulation of episodic counterfactual thoughts.

Journal Article Neuropsychologia · November 2017 When people revisit past autobiographical events they often imagine alternative ways in which such events could have occurred. Often these episodic counterfactual thoughts (eCFT) are momentary and fleeting, but sometimes they are simulated frequently and r ... Full text Cite

Memory and imagination

Chapter · June 27, 2017 Full text Cite

I'm not the person I used to be: The self and autobiographical memories of immoral actions.

Journal Article Journal of experimental psychology. General · June 2017 People maintain a positive identity in at least two ways: They evaluate themselves more favorably than other people, and they judge themselves to be better now than they were in the past. Both strategies rely on autobiographical memories. The authors inves ... Full text Cite

Cognitive systems and the changing brain

Journal Article Philosophical Explorations · May 4, 2017 The notion of cognitive system is widely used in explanations in cognitive psychology and neuroscience. Traditional approaches define cognitive systems in an agent-relative way, that is, via top-down functional decomposition that assumes a cognitive agent ... Full text Cite

Exploring the experience of episodic past, future, and counterfactual thinking in younger and older adults: A study of a Colombian sample.

Journal Article Consciousness and cognition · May 2017 Although extant evidence suggests that many neural and cognitive mechanisms underlying episodic past, future, and counterfactual thinking overlap, recent results have uncovered differences among these three processes. However, the extent to which there may ... Full text Cite

Counterfactual Plausibility and Comparative Similarity.

Journal Article Cognitive science · May 2017 Counterfactual thinking involves imagining hypothetical alternatives to reality. Philosopher David Lewis (1973, 1979) argued that people estimate the subjective plausibility that a counterfactual event might have occurred by comparing an imagined possible ... Full text Open Access Cite

Cause by Omission and Norm: Not Watering Plants

Journal Article Australasian Journal of Philosophy · April 3, 2017 People generally accept that there is causation by omission—that the omission of some events cause some related events. But this acceptance elicits the selection problem, or the difficulty of explaining the selection of a particular omissive cause or class ... Full text Cite

Emotional intensity in episodic autobiographical memory and counterfactual thinking.

Journal Article Consciousness and cognition · February 2017 Episodic counterfactual thoughts-imagined alternative ways in which personal past events might have occurred-are frequently accompanied by intense emotions. Here, participants recollected positive and negative autobiographical memories and then generated b ... Full text Cite

Tracking the emergence of memories: A category-learning paradigm to explore schema-driven recognition.

Journal Article Memory & cognition · January 2017 Previous research has shown that prior knowledge structures or schemas affect recognition memory. However, since the acquisition of schemas occurs over prolonged periods of time, few paradigms allow the direct manipulation of schema acquisition to study th ... Full text Cite

Responsibility and the relevance of alternative future possibilities

Journal Article Teoria · January 1, 2017 In the past decade, philosophical and psychological research on people's beliefs about free will and responsibility has skyrocketed. For the most part, these vignette-based studies have exclusively focused on participants' judgments of the causal history o ... Cite

The problem of consciousness for philosophy of mind and of psychiatry

Journal Article Ideas y Valores · January 1, 2017 Psychiatrists often encounter patients whose symptoms include disorders or impairments of consciousness. Unfortunately, the meaning of the term consciousness is not altogether clear. This article presents a systematic review of various meanings attributed ... Full text Cite

Characterizing the subjective experience of episodic past, future, and counterfactual thinking in healthy younger and older adults.

Journal Article Quarterly journal of experimental psychology (2006) · December 2016 Recent evidence demonstrates remarkable overlap in the neural and cognitive mechanisms underlying episodic memory, episodic future thinking, and episodic counterfactual thinking. However, the extent to which the phenomenological characteristics associated ... Full text Cite

An Empirical Refutation of 'Ought' Implies 'Can'

Journal Article Analysis (United Kingdom) · July 1, 2016 Full text Cite

Blame, not ability, impacts moral "ought" judgments for impossible actions: Toward an empirical refutation of "ought" implies "can".

Journal Article Cognition · May 2016 Recently, psychologists have explored moral concepts including obligation, blame, and ability. While little empirical work has studied the relationships among these concepts, philosophers have widely assumed such a relationship in the principle that "ought ... Full text Cite

Modularity in network neuroscience and neural reuse.

Journal Article The Behavioral and brain sciences · January 2016 Neural reuse allegedly stands in stark contrast against a modular view of the brain. However, the development of unique modularity algorithms in network science has provided the means to identify functionally cooperating, specialized subsystems in a way th ... Full text Cite

Consciousness and moral responsibility

Journal Article Analysis (United Kingdom) · October 1, 2015 Full text Cite

Neural activity associated with self, other, and object-based counterfactual thinking.

Journal Article NeuroImage · April 2015 Previous research has shown that autobiographical episodic counterfactual thinking-i.e., mental simulations about alternative ways in which one's life experiences could have occurred-engages the brain's default network (DN). However, it remains unknown whe ... Full text Cite

Episodic future thinking and episodic counterfactual thinking: intersections between memory and decisions.

Journal Article Neurobiology of learning and memory · January 2015 This article considers two recent lines of research concerned with the construction of imagined or simulated events that can provide insight into the relationship between memory and decision making. One line of research concerns episodic future thinking, w ... Full text Cite

Clinical applications of counterfactual thinking during memory reactivation.

Journal Article The Behavioral and brain sciences · January 2015 The Integrative Memory Model offers a strong foundation upon which to build successful strategies for clinical intervention. The next challenge is to figure out which cognitive strategies are more likely to bring about successful and beneficial modificatio ... Full text Cite

Content and consciousness revisited

Book · January 1, 2015 What are the grounds for the distinction between the mental and the physical? What is it the relation between ascribing mental states to an organism and understanding its behavior? Are animals and complex systems vehicles of inner evolutionary environments ... Full text Cite

In defence of the self-stultification objection

Journal Article Journal of Consciousness Studies · May 1, 2014 Epiphenomenalism holds that mental events are caused by physical events while not causing any physical effects whatsoever. The self-stultification objection is a venerable argument against epiphenomenalism according to which, if epiphenomenalism were true, ... Cite

Is memory for remembering? Recollection as a form of episodic hypothetical thinking

Journal Article Synthese · January 1, 2014 Misremembering is a systematic and ordinary occurrence in our daily lives. Since it is commonly assumed that the function of memory is to remember the past, misremembering is typically thought to happen because our memory system malfunctions. In this paper ... Full text Cite

The nature of memory traces

Journal Article Philosophy Compass · January 1, 2014 Memory trace was originally a philosophical term used to explain the phenomenon of remembering. Once debated by Plato, Aristotle, and Zeno of Citium, the notion seems more recently to have become the exclusive province of cognitive psychologists and neuros ... Full text Cite

The Anatomy of Amnesia

Other Scientific American Mind · 2014 Cite

The New Paideia

Other 3:AM Magazine · 2014 Cite

Remembering what could have happened: neural correlates of episodic counterfactual thinking.

Journal Article Neuropsychologia · October 2013 Recent evidence suggests that our capacities to remember the past and to imagine what might happen in the future largely depend on the same core brain network that includes the middle temporal lobe, the posterior cingulate/retrosplenial cortex, the inferio ... Full text Cite

Coming to grips with the past: effect of repeated simulation on the perceived plausibility of episodic counterfactual thoughts.

Journal Article Psychological science · July 2013 When people revisit previous experiences, they often engage in episodic counterfactual thinking: mental simulations of alternative ways in which personal past events could have occurred. The present study employed a novel experimental paradigm to examine t ... Full text Cite

The Effect of What We Think may Happen on our Judgments of Responsibility

Journal Article Review of Philosophy and Psychology · January 1, 2013 Recent evidence suggests that if a deterministic description of the events leading up to a morally questionable action is couched in mechanistic, reductionistic, concrete and/or emotionally salient terms, people are more inclined toward compatibilism than ... Full text Cite

Neuroanatomy of Memory

Chapter · 2013 Cite

Finding memory: Interview with Daniel L. Schacter

Journal Article Universitas Psychologica · January 1, 2013 The present interview offers an annotated dialogue with Dr. Daniel L. Schacter, in which we had the chance to learn about his findings, his current studies, in their implications for memory and cognition. Dr. Schacter is currently William R. Kenan, Jr. Pro ... Full text Cite

Attention is Cognitive Unison: An Essay in Philosophical Psychology

Journal Article JOURNAL OF CONSCIOUSNESS STUDIES · January 1, 2013 Link to item Cite

Influence of outcome valence in the subjective experience of episodic past, future, and counterfactual thinking.

Journal Article Consciousness and cognition · September 2012 Recent findings suggest that our capacity to imagine the future depends on our capacity to remember the past. However, the extent to which episodic memory is involved in our capacity to think about what could have happened in our past, yet did not occur (i ... Full text Cite

Event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging changes during relational retrieval in normal aging and amnestic mild cognitive impairment.

Journal Article J Int Neuropsychol Soc · September 2012 The earliest cognitive deficits observed in amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) appear to center on memory tasks that require relational memory (RM), the ability to link or integrate unrelated pieces of information. RM impairments in aMCI likely refl ... Full text Link to item Cite

Predictive memory and the surprising gap.

Journal Article Frontiers in psychology · January 2012 Full text Cite

The role of attention in conscious recollection.

Journal Article Frontiers in psychology · January 2012 Most research on the relationship between attention and consciousness has been limited to perception. However, perceptions are not the only kinds of mental contents of which we can be conscious. An important set of conscious states that has not received pr ... Full text Cite

Consciousness, attention and commonsense

Journal Article Journal of Consciousness Studies · October 22, 2010 In a recent paper, Christopher Mole (2008) argued in favour of the view that, according to our commonsense psychology, while consciousness is necessary for attention, attention isn't necessary for consciousness. In this paper I offer an argument against th ... Cite

Is belief in free will a cultural universal?

Journal Article Mind and Language · June 1, 2010 Recent experimental research has revealed surprising patterns in people's intuitions about free will and moral responsibility. One limitation of this research, however, is that it has been conducted exclusively on people from Western cultures. The present ... Full text Cite

Attention and consciousness.

Journal Article Wiley interdisciplinary reviews. Cognitive science · January 2010 For the past three decades there has been a substantial amount of scientific evidence supporting the view that attention is necessary and sufficient for perceptual representations to become conscious (i.e., for there to be something that it is like to expe ... Full text Cite

Responsibility and the brain sciences

Journal Article Ethical Theory and Moral Practice · November 1, 2009 Some theorists think that the more we get to know about the neural underpinnings of our behaviors, the less likely we will be to hold people responsible for their actions. This intuition has driven some to suspect that as neuroscience gains insight into th ... Full text Cite

Review of The Origins of Meaning: Language in the Light of Evolution

Journal Article Philosophical Psychology · August 2009 Full text Cite

Comentario crítico a “Las dificultades del compatibilismo de Dennett”de José Antonio Guerrero del Amo

Journal Article Ideas y Valores: Revista Colombiana de Filosofía · 2009 Cite

Estados Unidos: Entre ilusiones y prejuicios

Other Revista Javeriana · 2005 Cite

En busca de la mente cerebral. Del alma al software 2

Journal Article Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría · 2003 Cite

In defense of the self-stultification objection

Journal Article Journal of Consciousness Studies: controversies in science and the humanities Cite

Review of “Attention is Cognitive Unison”. Christopher Mole. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011).

Journal Article Journal of Consciousness Studies: controversies in science and the humanities Cite

Attention, Consciousness, and Commonsense

Journal Article Journal of Consciousness Studies: controversies in science and the humanities Cite

If you like it, does it matter if it’s real?

Journal Article Philosophical Psychology Link to item Cite

El advenimiento de la metáfora mente-computador. Del alma al software 3

Journal Article Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría Cite

Eliminando el fantasma de la máquina. Del alma al software 1

Journal Article Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría Cite