Skip to main content

Gary G. Bennett

Dean of Trinity College of Arts & Sciences
Trinity College of Arts & Sciences
Box 90086, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708-0086
222 Soc Psy, Durham, NC 27708
Office hours Please contact Mary Jacobs at mary.jacobs@duke.edu  

Selected Publications


"We bleed for our community:" A qualitative exploration of the implementation of a pragmatic weight gain prevention trial from the perspectives of community health center professionals.

Journal Article BMC Public Health · April 14, 2023 BACKGROUND: Clinical trial implementation continues to shift toward pragmatic design, with the goal of increasing future adoption in clinical practice. Yet, few pragmatic trials within clinical settings have qualitatively assessed stakeholder input, especi ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Behavioral Medicine Research Council (BMRC) Statement Papers: A New Approach to Consensus Building in Behavioral Medicine Science.

Journal Article Annals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine · April 2023 Full text Cite

Feasibility, Acceptability, and Initial Efficacy of a Digital Intervention to Improve Consumption of Foods Received within a National Nutrition Assistance Program.

Journal Article Nutrients · January 14, 2023 Many mothers are vulnerable to poor diet quality, particularly those living in low-income households. The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) provides nutrient-rich foods through its benefits packages, but many WIC ... Full text Link to item Cite

Self-Perceived Barriers and Facilitators to Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension Diet Adherence Among Black Americans With Chronic Kidney Disease: A Qualitative Study.

Journal Article J Ren Nutr · January 2023 OBJECTIVE: The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) eating plan improves hypertension in Black individuals and is associated with favorable chronic kidney disease (CKD) outcomes. Yet, adherence to DASH is low among US adults in general, particula ... Full text Link to item Cite

Recruitment of diverse community health center patients in a pragmatic weight gain prevention trial.

Journal Article J Clin Transl Sci · 2023 INTRODUCTION: Pragmatic trials are needed to establish evidence-based obesity treatment in primary care settings, particularly in community health centers (CHCs) that serve populations at heightened risk of obesity. Recruiting a representative trial sample ... Full text Link to item Cite

Implementation of an At-home Blood Pressure Measurement Protocol in a Hypertension Management Clinical Trial During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Journal Article J Cardiovasc Nurs · September 2022 BACKGROUND: The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension eating plan is an evidence-based treatment of hypertension; however, adherence to the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension is low. To improve adherence to the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertensio ... Full text Link to item Cite

Advocacy to support climate and health policies: recommended actions for the Society of Behavioral Medicine.

Journal Article Translational behavioral medicine · May 2022 Climate change poses serious threats to public health and is exacerbating health inequities. Policy changes are essential to mitigate climate change impacts on human and planetary health. The purpose was to describe recommendations by the Policy and Advoca ... Full text Cite

The Role of Behavioral Medicine in Addressing Climate Change-Related Health Inequities.

Journal Article Translational behavioral medicine · May 2022 Climate change is the greatest threat to global health in human history. It has been declared a public health emergency by the World Health Organization and leading researchers from academic institutions around the globe. Structural racism disproportionate ... Full text Cite

Steps towards digital tools for personalised physical activity promotion.

Journal Article British journal of sports medicine · April 2022 Full text Cite

Using Interactive Text Messaging to Improve Diet Quality and Increase Redemption of Foods Approved by the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children: Protocol for a Cohort Feasibility Study.

Journal Article JMIR Res Protoc · December 15, 2021 BACKGROUND: Children in the United States eat too few fruits, vegetables, and whole grains and too many energy-dense foods; these dietary behaviors are associated with increased risk of obesity. Maternal diet plays a key role in shaping children's diets; h ... Full text Link to item Cite

Increasing physical activity in Cancer Survivors through a Text-messaging Exercise motivation Program (ICanSTEP).

Journal Article Support Care Cancer · December 2021 PURPOSE: Cancer survivors are often sedentary. Self-monitoring may promote physical activity through self-activation. We conducted a pilot trial to evaluate whether wearable activity tracker with personalized text message feedback would increase physical a ... Full text Link to item Cite

Designing Ruby: Protocol for a 2-Arm, Brief, Digital Randomized Controlled Trial for Internalized Weight Bias.

Journal Article JMIR research protocols · November 2021 BackgroundWeight bias internalization, also known as weight self-stigma, is a serious health concern for individuals with higher body weight. Weight bias internalization is associated with the greater avoidance of health care and health-promoting ... Full text Cite

The Nourish Protocol: A digital health randomized controlled trial to promote the DASH eating pattern among adults with hypertension.

Journal Article Contemp Clin Trials · October 2021 INTRODUCTION: Over 100 million adults in the United States have hypertension. The DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) eating pattern is an evidence-based first-line treatment option for hypertension; however, adherence to the DASH eating pattern ... Full text Link to item Cite

Accomplishing breakthroughs in behavioural medicine research.

Journal Article Nature human behaviour · July 2021 Full text Cite

Self-Monitoring via Digital Health in Weight Loss Interventions: A Systematic Review Among Adults with Overweight or Obesity.

Journal Article Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.) · March 2021 ObjectiveSelf-monitoring is a core component of behavioral obesity treatment, but it is unknown how digital health has been used for self-monitoring, what engagement rates are achieved in these interventions, and how self-monitoring and weight los ... Full text Cite

A web-based intervention to increase weight loss treatment initiation: results of a cluster randomized feasibility and acceptability trial.

Journal Article Transl Behav Med · February 11, 2021 Evidence-based behavioral weight loss treatment is under-utilized. To increase initiation of treatment, we developed a single-session, online, primary care-based intervention ("mobilization tool"). We evaluated the mobilization tool's acceptability for pri ... Full text Link to item Cite

Optimizing an Obesity Treatment Using the Multiphase Optimization Strategy Framework: Protocol for a Randomized Factorial Trial.

Journal Article JMIR Res Protoc · January 18, 2021 BACKGROUND: Effective weight loss interventions exist, yet few can be scaled up for wide dissemination. Further, none has been fully delivered via text message. We used the multiphase optimization strategy (MOST) to develop multicomponent interventions tha ... Full text Link to item Cite

The Patient's Point of View: Characterizing Patient-Level Factors Associated with Perceptions of Health Care.

Journal Article Health equity · January 2021 Purpose: We explored the association between perception of care, as measured by the Interpersonal Processes of Care (IPC) survey, and patient-level factors, including (1) Trust in physicians; (2) Perceived empathy; (3) Stereotype threat; (4) Perceiv ... Full text Cite

Feasibility of a Digital Health Intervention to Improve Diet Quality Among Women With High Blood Pressure: Randomized Controlled Feasibility Trial.

Journal Article JMIR Mhealth Uhealth · December 7, 2020 BACKGROUND: Over 100 million individuals have high blood pressure, and more than half of them are women. The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) dietary pattern is a proven lifestyle approach to lower blood pressure, yet population-level adheren ... Full text Link to item Cite

"We bleed for our community:" A qualitative exploration of the implementation of a pragmatic weight gain prevention trial from the perspectives of community health center professionals.

Journal Article BMC Public Health · April 14, 2023 BACKGROUND: Clinical trial implementation continues to shift toward pragmatic design, with the goal of increasing future adoption in clinical practice. Yet, few pragmatic trials within clinical settings have qualitatively assessed stakeholder input, especi ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Behavioral Medicine Research Council (BMRC) Statement Papers: A New Approach to Consensus Building in Behavioral Medicine Science.

Journal Article Annals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine · April 2023 Full text Cite

Feasibility, Acceptability, and Initial Efficacy of a Digital Intervention to Improve Consumption of Foods Received within a National Nutrition Assistance Program.

Journal Article Nutrients · January 14, 2023 Many mothers are vulnerable to poor diet quality, particularly those living in low-income households. The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) provides nutrient-rich foods through its benefits packages, but many WIC ... Full text Link to item Cite

Self-Perceived Barriers and Facilitators to Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension Diet Adherence Among Black Americans With Chronic Kidney Disease: A Qualitative Study.

Journal Article J Ren Nutr · January 2023 OBJECTIVE: The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) eating plan improves hypertension in Black individuals and is associated with favorable chronic kidney disease (CKD) outcomes. Yet, adherence to DASH is low among US adults in general, particula ... Full text Link to item Cite

Recruitment of diverse community health center patients in a pragmatic weight gain prevention trial.

Journal Article J Clin Transl Sci · 2023 INTRODUCTION: Pragmatic trials are needed to establish evidence-based obesity treatment in primary care settings, particularly in community health centers (CHCs) that serve populations at heightened risk of obesity. Recruiting a representative trial sample ... Full text Link to item Cite

Implementation of an At-home Blood Pressure Measurement Protocol in a Hypertension Management Clinical Trial During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Journal Article J Cardiovasc Nurs · September 2022 BACKGROUND: The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension eating plan is an evidence-based treatment of hypertension; however, adherence to the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension is low. To improve adherence to the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertensio ... Full text Link to item Cite

Advocacy to support climate and health policies: recommended actions for the Society of Behavioral Medicine.

Journal Article Translational behavioral medicine · May 2022 Climate change poses serious threats to public health and is exacerbating health inequities. Policy changes are essential to mitigate climate change impacts on human and planetary health. The purpose was to describe recommendations by the Policy and Advoca ... Full text Cite

The Role of Behavioral Medicine in Addressing Climate Change-Related Health Inequities.

Journal Article Translational behavioral medicine · May 2022 Climate change is the greatest threat to global health in human history. It has been declared a public health emergency by the World Health Organization and leading researchers from academic institutions around the globe. Structural racism disproportionate ... Full text Cite

Steps towards digital tools for personalised physical activity promotion.

Journal Article British journal of sports medicine · April 2022 Full text Cite

Using Interactive Text Messaging to Improve Diet Quality and Increase Redemption of Foods Approved by the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children: Protocol for a Cohort Feasibility Study.

Journal Article JMIR Res Protoc · December 15, 2021 BACKGROUND: Children in the United States eat too few fruits, vegetables, and whole grains and too many energy-dense foods; these dietary behaviors are associated with increased risk of obesity. Maternal diet plays a key role in shaping children's diets; h ... Full text Link to item Cite

Increasing physical activity in Cancer Survivors through a Text-messaging Exercise motivation Program (ICanSTEP).

Journal Article Support Care Cancer · December 2021 PURPOSE: Cancer survivors are often sedentary. Self-monitoring may promote physical activity through self-activation. We conducted a pilot trial to evaluate whether wearable activity tracker with personalized text message feedback would increase physical a ... Full text Link to item Cite

Designing Ruby: Protocol for a 2-Arm, Brief, Digital Randomized Controlled Trial for Internalized Weight Bias.

Journal Article JMIR research protocols · November 2021 BackgroundWeight bias internalization, also known as weight self-stigma, is a serious health concern for individuals with higher body weight. Weight bias internalization is associated with the greater avoidance of health care and health-promoting ... Full text Cite

The Nourish Protocol: A digital health randomized controlled trial to promote the DASH eating pattern among adults with hypertension.

Journal Article Contemp Clin Trials · October 2021 INTRODUCTION: Over 100 million adults in the United States have hypertension. The DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) eating pattern is an evidence-based first-line treatment option for hypertension; however, adherence to the DASH eating pattern ... Full text Link to item Cite

Accomplishing breakthroughs in behavioural medicine research.

Journal Article Nature human behaviour · July 2021 Full text Cite

Self-Monitoring via Digital Health in Weight Loss Interventions: A Systematic Review Among Adults with Overweight or Obesity.

Journal Article Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.) · March 2021 ObjectiveSelf-monitoring is a core component of behavioral obesity treatment, but it is unknown how digital health has been used for self-monitoring, what engagement rates are achieved in these interventions, and how self-monitoring and weight los ... Full text Cite

A web-based intervention to increase weight loss treatment initiation: results of a cluster randomized feasibility and acceptability trial.

Journal Article Transl Behav Med · February 11, 2021 Evidence-based behavioral weight loss treatment is under-utilized. To increase initiation of treatment, we developed a single-session, online, primary care-based intervention ("mobilization tool"). We evaluated the mobilization tool's acceptability for pri ... Full text Link to item Cite

Optimizing an Obesity Treatment Using the Multiphase Optimization Strategy Framework: Protocol for a Randomized Factorial Trial.

Journal Article JMIR Res Protoc · January 18, 2021 BACKGROUND: Effective weight loss interventions exist, yet few can be scaled up for wide dissemination. Further, none has been fully delivered via text message. We used the multiphase optimization strategy (MOST) to develop multicomponent interventions tha ... Full text Link to item Cite

The Patient's Point of View: Characterizing Patient-Level Factors Associated with Perceptions of Health Care.

Journal Article Health equity · January 2021 Purpose: We explored the association between perception of care, as measured by the Interpersonal Processes of Care (IPC) survey, and patient-level factors, including (1) Trust in physicians; (2) Perceived empathy; (3) Stereotype threat; (4) Perceiv ... Full text Cite

Feasibility of a Digital Health Intervention to Improve Diet Quality Among Women With High Blood Pressure: Randomized Controlled Feasibility Trial.

Journal Article JMIR Mhealth Uhealth · December 7, 2020 BACKGROUND: Over 100 million individuals have high blood pressure, and more than half of them are women. The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) dietary pattern is a proven lifestyle approach to lower blood pressure, yet population-level adheren ... Full text Link to item Cite

Can Electronic Health Records Validly Estimate the Effects of Health System Interventions Aimed at Controlling Body Weight?

Journal Article Obesity (Silver Spring) · November 2020 OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare weight collected at clinics and recorded in the electronic health record (EHR) with primary study-collected trial weights to assess the validity of using EHR data in future pragmatic weight loss or weight gain prevent ... Full text Link to item Cite

Influence of Caretakers' Health Literacy on Delays to Traumatic Brain Injury Care in Uganda.

Journal Article Ann Glob Health · October 6, 2020 BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a life-altering condition, and delays to care can significantly impact outcomes. In Uganda, where nurse shortages are prevalent, patients' family members are the primary caretakers of these patients and play an i ... Full text Link to item Cite

Consistent self-monitoring in a commercial app-based intervention for weight loss: results from a randomized trial.

Conference Journal of behavioral medicine · June 2020 Self-monitoring is the strongest predictor of success in lifestyle interventions for obesity. In this secondary analysis of the GoalTracker trial, we describe outcomes of consistently self-monitoring in a standalone weight loss intervention. The 12-week in ... Full text Cite

Early Child Care and Weight Status in a Cohort of Predominantly Black Infants in the Southeastern United States.

Journal Article Child Obes · March 2020 Background: Previous studies show inconsistent relations between child care and obesity, but few assessed longitudinal associations during infancy and even fewer included racially diverse children. We examined associations of time infants spent in child ca ... Full text Link to item Cite

A Structural Model of Social Determinants of the Metabolic Syndrome.

Journal Article Ethnicity & disease · January 2020 ObjectivesThe metabolic syndrome (MetS) refers to a cluster of interrelated physiological characteristics that are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes. While the clinical usefulness of the MetS has been the sub ... Full text Cite

Targeting pregnancy-related weight gain to reduce disparities in obesity: Baseline results from the Healthy Babies trial.

Journal Article Contemporary clinical trials · December 2019 BackgroundObesity affects African American women more than any other group in the US. Pregnancy represents a critical life stage of heightened vulnerability for new or persistent obesity, yet few interventions have been effective in reducing exces ... Full text Cite

Dose-response research in digital health interventions: Concepts, considerations, and challenges.

Journal Article Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association · December 2019 To optimize digital health interventions, intervention creators must determine what intervention dose will produce the most substantial health behavior change-the dose-response relationship-while minimizing harms or burden. In this article we present impor ... Full text Cite

Randomization procedures for multicomponent behavioral intervention factorial trials in the multiphase optimization strategy framework: challenges and recommendations.

Journal Article Transl Behav Med · November 25, 2019 The multiphase optimization strategy (MOST) is an increasingly popular framework to prepare, optimize, and evaluate multicomponent behavioral health interventions. Within this framework, it is common to use a factorial trial to assemble an optimized multic ... Full text Link to item Cite

Provider Counseling and Weight Loss Outcomes in a Primary Care-Based Digital Obesity Treatment.

Journal Article Journal of general internal medicine · June 2019 BackgroundPrimary care-based digital health weight loss interventions offer promise for addressing obesity in underserved populations.ObjectivesTo determine if primary care providers' weight counseling is associated with weight change dur ... Full text Cite

Early weight loss in a standalone mHealth intervention predicting treatment success.

Journal Article Obesity science & practice · June 2019 ObjectiveEarly weight loss is a strong predictor of longer-term and clinically meaningful weight loss but has not been studied in the context of mobile health ('mHealth') interventions.MethodsGoalTracker was a randomized trial among adult ... Full text Cite

The Balance protocol: a pragmatic weight gain prevention randomized controlled trial for medically vulnerable patients within primary care.

Journal Article BMC Public Health · May 17, 2019 BACKGROUND: For patients with obesity who are not ready for or experience barriers to weight loss, clinical practice guidelines recommend provider counseling on preventing further weight gain as a first-line treatment approach. Unfortunately, evidence-base ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

A Digital Behavioral Weight Gain Prevention Intervention in Primary Care Practice: Cost and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis.

Journal Article J Med Internet Res · May 17, 2019 BACKGROUND: Obesity is one of the largest drivers of health care spending but nearly half of the population with obesity demonstrate suboptimal readiness for weight loss treatment. Black women are disproportionately likely to have both obesity and limited ... Full text Link to item Cite

An Automated Text-Messaging Platform for Enhanced Retention and Data Collection in a Longitudinal Birth Cohort: Cohort Management Platform Analysis.

Journal Article JMIR Public Health Surveill · April 2, 2019 BACKGROUND: Traditional methods for recruiting and maintaining contact with participants in cohort studies include print-based correspondence, which can be unidirectional, labor intensive, and slow. Leveraging technology can substantially enhance communica ... Full text Link to item Cite

The Effect of a Digital Behavioral Weight Loss Intervention on Adherence to the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) Dietary Pattern in Medically Vulnerable Primary Care Patients: Results from a Randomized Controlled Trial.

Journal Article J Acad Nutr Diet · April 2019 BACKGROUND: Obesity treatment focuses primarily on reducing overall caloric intake with limited focus on improving diet quality. The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) dietary pattern is effective in managing hypertension and other chronic cond ... Full text Link to item Cite

Log2Lose: Development and Lessons Learned From a Mobile Technology Weight Loss Intervention.

Journal Article JMIR Mhealth Uhealth · February 13, 2019 BACKGROUND: Providing financial incentives has gained popularity as a strategy to promote weight loss, but questions remain about how best to utilize them. A promising mobile health strategy provides users with near-real-time financial incentives based on ... Full text Link to item Cite

Comparing Self-Monitoring Strategies for Weight Loss in a Smartphone App: Randomized Controlled Trial.

Journal Article JMIR mHealth and uHealth · February 2019 BackgroundSelf-monitoring of dietary intake is a valuable component of behavioral weight loss treatment; however, it declines quickly, thereby resulting in suboptimal treatment outcomes.ObjectiveThis study aimed to examine a novel behavio ... Full text Cite

Academia-industry digital health collaborations: A cross-cultural analysis of barriers and facilitators.

Journal Article Digit Health · 2019 BACKGROUND: Development and uptake of digital health technologies benefit from cross-sectoral efforts from academia and industry. Our study aims to identify the barriers and facilitators associated with academia-industry collaborations in digital health in ... Full text Link to item Cite

Digital Weight Loss Intervention for Parents of Children Being Treated for Obesity: A Prospective Cohort Feasibility Trial.

Journal Article J Med Internet Res · December 20, 2018 BACKGROUND: The prevalence of childhood obesity continues to increase, and clinic-based treatment options have failed to demonstrate effectiveness. One of the strongest predictors of child weight is parent weight. Parental treatment for weight loss may ind ... Full text Link to item Cite

Effectiveness of an App and Provider Counseling for Obesity Treatment in Primary Care.

Journal Article Am J Prev Med · December 2018 INTRODUCTION: Obesity treatment is less successful for socioeconomically disadvantaged populations, particularly when delivered in primary care. Digital health strategies can extend the reach of clinical obesity treatments to care settings serving patients ... Full text Link to item Cite

The Association Between Engagement and Weight Loss Through Personal Coaching and Cell Phone Interventions in Young Adults: Randomized Controlled Trial.

Journal Article JMIR Mhealth Uhealth · October 18, 2018 BACKGROUND: Understanding how engagement in mobile health (mHealth) weight loss interventions relates to weight change may help develop effective intervention strategies. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to examine the (1) patterns of participant engagement over ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Weight-Related Terms Differentially Affect Self-Efficacy and Perception of Obesity.

Journal Article Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.) · September 2018 ObjectiveLittle work has explored the effect of weight-related terms on treatment initiation; only one study has investigated weight-related terms and the psychological constructs associated with treatment uptake. The present study examines the ef ... Full text Cite

Perceived barriers and facilitators of initiation of behavioral weight loss interventions among adults with obesity: a qualitative study.

Journal Article BMC Public Health · July 11, 2018 BACKGROUND: Evidence-based behavioral weight loss interventions are under-utilized. To inform efforts to increase uptake of these interventions, it is important to understand the perspectives of adults with obesity regarding barriers and facilitators of we ... Full text Link to item Cite

Religiosity, Education, John Henryism Active Coping, and Cardiovascular Responses to Anger Recall for African American Men

Journal Article Journal of Black Psychology · May 1, 2018 The present study examined if high levels of religious attendance (ORG), private religious activity (NOR), or intrinsic religiosity (SUB) buffer cardiovascular responses to active speech and anger recall lab stressors alone and by John Henryism Active Copi ... Full text Cite

A framework for examining the function of digital health technologies for weight management.

Journal Article Translational behavioral medicine · March 2018 Research is rapidly extending its focus to develop and evaluate weight management interventions that incorporate eHealth technologies. Comparative effectiveness of eHealth interventions is partly limited by the extensive heterogeneity in intervention desig ... Full text Cite

Study protocol for Log2Lose: A feasibility randomized controlled trial to evaluate financial incentives for dietary self-monitoring and interim weight loss in adults with obesity.

Journal Article Contemp Clin Trials · February 2018 The obesity epidemic has negative physical, psychological, and financial consequences. Despite the existence of effective behavioral weight loss interventions, many individuals do not achieve adequate weight loss, and most regain lost weight in the year fo ... Full text Link to item Cite

Healthy Lifestyle for All Through Patient Care and Policy.

Journal Article JAMA internal medicine · January 2018 Full text Cite

Texting Motivational Interviewing: A Randomized Controlled Trial of Motivational Interviewing Text Messages Designed to Augment Childhood Obesity Treatment.

Journal Article Child Obes · January 2018 BACKGROUND: Text messages improve health outcomes for adults engaged in weight management. Little is known about whether text messaging parents of children enrolled in obesity treatment will improve child health. METHODS: We conducted a 2-group randomized ... Full text Link to item Cite

A 6-year update of the health policy and advocacy priorities of the Society of Behavioral Medicine.

Journal Article Translational behavioral medicine · December 2017 Government policy affects virtually every topic of interest to health behavior researchers, from research funding to reimbursement for clinical services to application of evidence to impact health outcomes. This paper provides a 6-year update on the expans ... Full text Cite

Extending Our Reach for Greater Impact.

Journal Article Health education & behavior : the official publication of the Society for Public Health Education · December 2017 Full text Cite

Methods for Evaluating the Content, Usability, and Efficacy of Commercial Mobile Health Apps.

Journal Article JMIR mHealth and uHealth · December 2017 Commercial mobile apps for health behavior change are flourishing in the marketplace, but little evidence exists to support their use. This paper summarizes methods for evaluating the content, usability, and efficacy of commercially available health apps. ... Full text Cite

Parent-adolescent influences on everyday dietary practices: Perceptions of adolescent females with obesity and their mothers.

Journal Article Matern Child Nutr · October 2017 Parents demonstrate an important influence on adolescent obesity and dietary behavior; yet, family-based obesity interventions continue to exhibit limited success among adolescents. To further inform family-based approaches for adolescent obesity treatment ... Full text Link to item Cite

The effect of a weight gain prevention intervention on moderate-vigorous physical activity among black women: the Shape Program.

Journal Article The international journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity · October 2017 BackgroundRates of physical inactivity are high among Black women living in the United States with overweight or obesity, especially those living in the rural South. This study was conducted to determine if an efficacious weight gain prevention in ... Full text Cite

A 2-Year Holistic Health and Stress Intervention: Results of an RCT in Clergy.

Journal Article Am J Prev Med · September 2017 INTRODUCTION: This study sought to determine the effect of a 2-year, multicomponent health intervention (Spirited Life) targeting metabolic syndrome and stress simultaneously. DESIGN: An RCT using a three-cohort multiple baseline design was conducted in 20 ... Full text Link to item Cite

Intervening during and after pregnancy to prevent weight retention among African American women.

Journal Article Preventive medicine reports · September 2017 Efforts to prevent postpartum weight retention in extant clinical trials of African American women have proven exceedingly challenging. The primary purpose of this pilot study was to determine whether a behavioral intervention implemented in early pregnanc ... Full text Cite

Preventing Weight Gain Improves Sleep Quality Among Black Women: Results from a RCT.

Journal Article Ann Behav Med · August 2017 BACKGROUND: Obesity and poor sleep are highly prevalent among Black women. PURPOSE: We examined whether a weight gain prevention intervention improved sleep among Black women. METHODS: We conducted a randomized trial comparing a 12-month weight gain preven ... Full text Link to item Cite

Linking patients with community resources: use of a free YMCA membership among low-income black women.

Journal Article Translational behavioral medicine · June 2017 Given the increasing interest in expanding obesity prevention efforts to cover community-based programs, we examined whether individuals would access a YMCA for physical activity promotion. We provided a no-cost 12-month YMCA membership to socioeconomicall ... Full text Cite

The DASH Diet, 20 Years Later.

Journal Article JAMA · April 18, 2017 Full text Link to item Cite

Cohort profile for the Nurture Observational Study examining associations of multiple caregivers on infant growth in the Southeastern USA.

Journal Article BMJ Open · February 8, 2017 PURPOSE: Childcare has been associated with obesity in children in cross-sectional and longitudinal studies, although some observed no association. Few studies have focused on care during infancy, a period when children may be especially vulnerable. PARTIC ... Full text Link to item Cite

Factors related to obesity and overweight among Black adolescent girls in the United States.

Journal Article Women & health · February 2017 In the United States, Black adolescents have the highest prevalence of pediatric obesity and overweight among girls. While Black girls are disproportionately affected, the reasons for this health disparity remain unclear. The authors conducted a systematic ... Full text Cite

Genetic causal attributions for weight status and weight loss during a behavioral weight gain prevention intervention.

Journal Article Genetics in medicine : official journal of the American College of Medical Genetics · May 2016 PurposeEmerging evidence suggests that attributing one's weight to genetics may contribute to the adoption of obesogenic behaviors. We investigated whether weight-related genetic attributions were associated with weight change during a weight gain ... Full text Cite

Feasibility and Smokers' Evaluation of Self-Generated Text Messages to Promote Quitting.

Journal Article Nicotine Tob Res · May 2016 INTRODUCTION: Cigarette smoking is a leading cause of preventable mortality. Mobile technologies, including text messaging, provide opportunities to promote quitting. Many text messaging-based cessation interventions contain content created by experts. How ... Full text Link to item Cite

Mobile health devices: will patients actually use them?

Journal Article J Am Med Inform Assoc · May 2016 Although mobile health (mHealth) devices offer a unique opportunity to capture patient health data remotely, it is unclear whether patients will consistently use multiple devices simultaneously and/or if chronic disease affects adherence. Three healthy and ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Track: A randomized controlled trial of a digital health obesity treatment intervention for medically vulnerable primary care patients.

Journal Article Contemp Clin Trials · May 2016 INTRODUCTION: Obesity continues to disproportionately affect medically vulnerable populations. Digital health interventions may be effective for delivering obesity treatment in low-resource primary care settings. METHODS: Track is a 12-month randomized con ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Preventing excessive gestational weight gain among African American women: A randomized clinical trial.

Journal Article Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.) · January 2016 ObjectiveEvidence is lacking regarding effective weight control treatments in pregnancy for ethnic minority women with obesity. This study evaluated whether a technology-based behavioral intervention could decrease the proportion of African Americ ... Full text Cite

Health Literacy and Weight Change in a Digital Health Intervention for Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial in Primary Care Practice.

Journal Article Journal of health communication · January 2016 In the United States, 90 million adults have low health literacy. An important public health challenge is developing obesity treatment interventions suitable for those with low health literacy. The objective of this study was to examine differences in soci ... Full text Cite

Adaptive intervention design in mobile health: Intervention design and development in the Cell Phone Intervention for You trial.

Journal Article Clin Trials · December 2015 BACKGROUND/AIMS: The obesity epidemic has spread to young adults, and obesity is a significant risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The prominence and increasing functionality of mobile phones may provide an opportunity to deliver longitudinal and scala ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Cell phone intervention for you (CITY): A randomized, controlled trial of behavioral weight loss intervention for young adults using mobile technology.

Journal Article Obesity (Silver Spring) · November 2015 OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect on weight of two mobile technology-based (mHealth) behavioral weight loss interventions in young adults. METHODS: Randomized, controlled comparative effectiveness trial in 18- to 35-year-olds with BMI ≥ 25 kg/m(2) (overwe ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Will Obesity Treatment Reimbursement Benefit Those at Highest Risk?

Journal Article The American journal of medicine · July 2015 Full text Cite

Revisiting the Hispanic health paradox: the relative contributions of nativity, country of origin, and race/ethnicity to childhood asthma.

Journal Article Journal of immigrant and minority health · June 2015 This study examined the relationship between race and Hispanic ethnicity, maternal and child nativity, country of origin and asthma among 2,558 non-Hispanic white and Hispanic children across 65 Los Angeles neighborhoods. A series of two-level multilevel m ... Full text Cite

A community-based intervention increases physical activity and reduces obesity in school-age children in North Carolina.

Journal Article Child Obes · June 2015 BACKGROUND: Community-based interventions are promising approaches to obesity prevention, but few studies have prospectively evaluated them. The aim of this study was to evaluate a natural experiment—a community intervention designed to promote active livi ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Effects of Vitamin D Supplementation on C-peptide and 25-hydroxyvitamin D Concentrations at 3 and 6 Months.

Journal Article Scientific reports · June 2015 The link between African-Americans' disproportionate rates of diabetes, obesity and vitamin D deficiency may be marked by C-peptide as an indicator of insulin secretion. We hypothesize that vitamin D supplementation will increase C-peptide, a marker of ins ... Full text Cite

Weighing every day matters: daily weighing improves weight loss and adoption of weight control behaviors.

Journal Article Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics · April 2015 BackgroundDaily weighing is emerging as the recommended self-weighing frequency for weight loss. This is likely because it improves adoption of weight control behaviors.ObjectiveTo examine whether weighing every day is associated with gre ... Full text Cite

Impact of vitamin D supplementation on adiposity in African-Americans.

Journal Article Nutrition & diabetes · January 2015 BackgroundAfrican-Americans have higher rates of obesity-associated chronic diseases. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) shows an inverse association with obesity status. We investigated whether vitamin D supplementation changes body mass index ( ... Full text Cite

Engagement with eHealth Self-Monitoring in a Primary Care-Based Weight Management Intervention.

Journal Article PloS one · January 2015 BackgroundWhile eHealth approaches hold promise for improving the reach and cost-effectiveness of behavior change interventions, they have been challenged by declining participant engagement over time, particularly for self-monitoring behaviors. T ... Full text Cite

Development and Implementation of an Interactive Text Messaging Campaign to Support Behavior Change in a Childhood Obesity Randomized Controlled Trial.

Journal Article Journal of health communication · January 2015 Text messaging is a promising means of intervening on an array of health issues among varied populations, but little has been published about the development of such interventions. The authors describe the development and implementation of an interactive t ... Full text Cite

Reduction of Parathyroid Hormone with Vitamin D Supplementation in Blacks: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Journal Article BMC nutrition · January 2015 BackgroundResponse of parathyroid hormone (PTH) to vitamin D supplementation is determined by the baseline PTH level and change in vitamin D status. Conflicting reports in Blacks exist on the PTH response to vitamin D to supplementation.Method ... Full text Cite

Using technology to promote postpartum weight loss in urban, low-income mothers: a pilot randomized controlled trial.

Journal Article Journal of nutrition education and behavior · November 2014 ObjectiveTo examine the feasibility, acceptability, and initial efficacy of a technology-based weight loss intervention for urban, low-income mothers.MethodsEighteen obese, ethnic minority, socioeconomically disadvantaged mothers in the f ... Full text Cite

Weight-related SMS texts promoting appropriate pregnancy weight gain: a pilot study.

Journal Article Patient Educ Couns · November 2014 OBJECTIVES: Excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) puts women and children at risk of obesity. We piloted an SMS-texting intervention to promote healthy GWG among overweight and obese women. METHODS: We recruited 35 women and randomized them in a 2:1 fash ... Full text Link to item Cite

Preferred health resources and use of social media to obtain health and depression information by adolescent mothers.

Journal Article Journal of child and adolescent psychiatric nursing : official publication of the Association of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nurses, Inc · November 2014 ProblemLittle is known about how adolescent mothers use social media and the Internet, especially to access health information.MethodsIn this cross-sectional, descriptive study, adolescent mothers were recruited from an academic medical c ... Full text Cite

Electronic health (eHealth) interventions for weight management among racial/ethnic minority adults: a systematic review.

Journal Article Obesity reviews : an official journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity · October 2014 Electronic health (eHealth) interventions have demonstrated efficacy for weight management. However, little is known about their efficacy among racial/ethnic minority populations, in whom there is a disproportionate prevalence of obesity. This systematic r ... Full text Cite

A systematic review of weight loss, physical activity and dietary interventions involving African American men.

Journal Article Obesity reviews : an official journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity · October 2014 When compared with men of other racial or ethnic groups, African American men are more likely to experience adverse health conditions. The systematic review objectives were to (i) determine the current evidence base concerning African American men's respon ... Full text Cite

Null association between vitamin D and PSA levels among black men in a vitamin D supplementation trial.

Journal Article Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology · September 2014 BackgroundBlack men exhibit a high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency as well as a higher incidence of prostate cancer and higher mortality rates from prostate cancer than Whites. There are few data about the effect of vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) ... Full text Cite

The effect of a "maintain, don't gain" approach to weight management on depression among black women: results from a randomized controlled trial.

Journal Article American journal of public health · September 2014 ObjectivesWe evaluated the effect of a weight gain prevention intervention (Shape Program) on depression among socioeconomically disadvantaged overweight and obese Black women.MethodsBetween 2009 and 2012, we conducted a randomized trial ... Full text Cite

Risk of hypercalcemia in blacks taking hydrochlorothiazide and vitamin D.

Journal Article The American journal of medicine · August 2014 IntroductionHydrochlorothiazide, an effective antihypertensive medication commonly prescribed to blacks, decreases urinary calcium excretion. Blacks have significantly higher rates of hypertension and lower levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D. Thus, the ... Full text Cite

Associations of neighborhood concentrated poverty, neighborhood racial/ethnic composition, and indoor allergen exposures: a cross-sectional analysis of los angeles households, 2006-2008.

Journal Article Journal of urban health : bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine · August 2014 Although racial/ethnic, socioeconomic, and neighborhood factors have been linked to asthma, and the association between indoor allergens and asthma is well documented, few studies have examined the relationship between these factors and indoor allergens. W ... Full text Cite

A randomized comparative effectiveness study of Healthy Directions 2--a multiple risk behavior intervention for primary care.

Journal Article Preventive medicine · July 2014 ObjectiveTo evaluate the effectiveness of the Healthy Directions 2 (HD2) intervention in the primary care setting.MethodsHD2 was a cluster randomized trial (conducted 3/09-11/11). The primary sampling unit was provider (n=33), with second ... Full text Cite

A text messaging-assisted randomized lifestyle weight loss clinical trial among overweight adults in Beijing.

Journal Article Obesity (Silver Spring) · May 2014 OBJECTIVE: The impact of a text messaging-assisted lifestyle weight loss intervention on weight change among overweight adults in Beijing was examined. METHODS: It was a 6-month randomized two arm clinical trial. The control group received a brief advice s ... Full text Link to item Cite

Adherence to self-monitoring via interactive voice response technology in an eHealth intervention targeting weight gain prevention among Black women: randomized controlled trial.

Journal Article Journal of medical Internet research · April 2014 BackgroundeHealth interventions are effective for weight control and have the potential for broad reach. Little is known about the use of interactive voice response (IVR) technology for self-monitoring in weight control interventions, particularly ... Full text Cite

Dose response to vitamin D supplementation in African Americans: results of a 4-arm, randomized, placebo-controlled trial.

Journal Article The American journal of clinical nutrition · March 2014 BackgroundAssociation studies have suggested that lower circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] in African Americans may partially underlie higher rates of cardiovascular disease and cancer in this population. Nonetheless, the relation between v ... Full text Cite

Weight loss intervention for young adults using mobile technology: design and rationale of a randomized controlled trial - Cell Phone Intervention for You (CITY).

Journal Article Contemp Clin Trials · March 2014 BACKGROUND: The obesity epidemic has spread to young adults, leading to significant public health implications later in adulthood. Intervention in early adulthood may be an effective public health strategy for reducing the long-term health impact of the ep ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Socioeconomic status and obesity in Cairo, Egypt: a heavy burden for all.

Journal Article Journal of epidemiology and global health · March 2014 Studies have generally shown a positive association between socioeconomic status (SES) and obesity in low-income countries, but few have tested this relationship in the Middle East where obesity prevalence is extraordinarily high and the nutrition profile ... Full text Cite

Factors associated with choice of web or print intervention materials in the healthy directions 2 study.

Journal Article Health education & behavior : the official publication of the Society for Public Health Education · February 2014 BackgroundMany U.S. adults have multiple behavioral risk factors, and effective, scalable interventions are needed to promote population-level health. In the health care setting, interventions are often provided in print, although accessible to ne ... Full text Cite

Impact of vitamin D supplementation on inflammatory markers in African Americans: results of a four-arm, randomized, placebo-controlled trial.

Journal Article Cancer prevention research (Philadelphia, Pa.) · February 2014 African Americans have a disproportionate burden of inflammation-associated chronic diseases such as cancer and lower circulating levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D]. The effect of vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) supplementation on inflammatory markers is ... Full text Cite

Daily self-weighing and adverse psychological outcomes: a randomized controlled trial.

Journal Article American journal of preventive medicine · January 2014 BackgroundDespite evidence that daily self-weighing is an effective strategy for weight control, concerns remain regarding the potential for negative psychological consequences.PurposeThe goal of the study was to examine the impact of a d ... Full text Cite

Perceptions of neighborhood safety and asthma among children and adolescents in Los Angeles: a multilevel analysis.

Journal Article PloS one · January 2014 BackgroundResearch examining the impact of neighborhoods on asthma has shown an increased interest in the role of the psychosocial environment. We examined the associations between various measures of neighborhood safety, individual and family cha ... Full text Cite

Physically active, low-income African American women: an exploration of activity maintenance in the context of sociodemographic factors associated with inactivity.

Journal Article Women & health · January 2014 Increasing physical activity among low-income African American women is an important target for addressing racial and economic disparities in chronic conditions and related risk factors. While barriers to physical activity for women have been examined empi ... Full text Cite

Economic analyses of the Be Fit Be Well program: a weight loss program for community health centers.

Journal Article Journal of general internal medicine · December 2013 BackgroundThe U.S. Preventive Services Task Force has released new guidelines on obesity, urging primary care physicians to provide obese patients with intensive, multi-component behavioral interventions. However, there are few studies of weight l ... Full text Cite

Daily text messaging for weight control among racial and ethnic minority women: randomized controlled pilot study.

Journal Article Journal of medical Internet research · November 2013 BackgroundDaily self-monitoring of diet and physical activity behaviors is a strong predictor of weight loss success. Text messaging holds promise as a viable self-monitoring modality, particularly among racial/ethnic minority populations.Obje ... Full text Cite

Behavioral treatment for weight gain prevention among black women in primary care practice: a randomized clinical trial.

Journal Article JAMA Intern Med · October 28, 2013 IMPORTANCE: Few weight loss treatments produce clinically meaningful weight loss outcomes among black women, particularly in the primary care setting. New weight management strategies are necessary for this population. Weight gain prevention might be an ef ... Full text Link to item Cite

How behavioral science can advance digital health

Journal Article Translational Behavioral Medicine · September 1, 2013 The field of behavioral science has produced myriad data on health behavior change strategies and leveraged such data into effective human-delivered interventions to improve health. Unfortunately, the impact of traditional health behavior change interventi ... Full text Cite

The efficacy of a daily self-weighing weight loss intervention using smart scales and e-mail.

Journal Article Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.) · September 2013 ObjectiveTo examine the impact of a weight loss intervention that focused on daily self-weighing for self-monitoring as compared to a delayed control group among 91 overweight adults.Design and methodsThe 6-month intervention included a c ... Full text Cite

Recruiting young adults into a weight loss trial: report of protocol development and recruitment results.

Journal Article Contemp Clin Trials · July 2013 Obesity has spread to all segments of the U.S. population. Young adults, aged 18-35 years, are rarely represented in clinical weight loss trials. We conducted a qualitative study to identify factors that may facilitate recruitment of young adults into a we ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Use of a randomized multiple baseline design: rationale and design of the spirited life holistic health intervention study.

Journal Article Contemp Clin Trials · July 2013 Clergy suffer from high rates of obesity, chronic disease, and depression, and simultaneously underestimate the toll these take on their daily functioning. Health interventions are needed for clergy and may be tailored to their occupational context and the ... Full text Link to item Cite

Use of RE-AIM to Address Health Inequities: Application in a low-income community health center based weight loss and hypertension self-management program.

Journal Article Translational behavioral medicine · June 2013 BackgroundWhile health inequities are well documented, and there are helpful frameworks to understand health disparities, implementation frameworks are also needed to focus the design, evaluation and reporting on interventions targeting population ... Full text Cite

Effect of vitamin D supplementation on blood pressure in blacks.

Journal Article Hypertension (Dallas, Tex. : 1979) · April 2013 Blacks have significantly higher rates of hypertension than whites, and lower circulating levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D. There are few data about the effect of vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) supplementation on blood pressure in blacks. During 2 winters from ... Full text Cite

Recruitment and retention of participants in a pragmatic randomized intervention trial at three community health clinics: results and lessons learned.

Journal Article BMC public health · March 2013 BackgroundObesity and hypertension and their associated health complications disproportionately affect communities of color and people of lower socioeconomic status. Recruitment and retention of these populations in research trials, and retention ... Full text Cite

Introduction to the Active Living Research Supplement: Disparities in environments and policies that support active living.

Journal Article Annals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine · February 2013 Full text Cite

Using Facebook and text messaging to deliver a weight loss program to college students.

Journal Article Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.) · January 2013 ObjectiveBetween 31 and 35% of the college-aged population is overweight or obese, yet few weight loss trials for this population have been conducted. This study examined the feasibility, acceptability, and initial efficacy of a technology-based 8 ... Full text Cite

Using facebook and text messaging to deliver a weight loss program to college students

Journal Article Obesity · 2013 Objective: Between 31 and 35% of the college-aged population is overweight or obese, yet few weight loss trials for this population have been conducted. This study examined the feasibility, acceptability, and initial efficacy of a technology-based 8-week w ... Full text Cite

Availability of and ease of access to calorie information on restaurant websites.

Journal Article PloS one · January 2013 ObjectiveOffering calories on restaurant websites might be particularly important for consumer meal planning, but the availability of and ease of accessing this information are unknown.MethodsWe assessed websites for the top 100 U.S. chai ... Full text Cite

The efficacy of a daily self-weighing weight loss intervention using smart scales and e-mail

Journal Article Obesity · 2013 Objective To examine the impact of a weight loss intervention that focused on daily self-weighing for self-monitoring as compared to a delayed control group among 91 overweight adults. Design and Methods The 6-month intervention included a cellular-connect ... Full text Cite

Racial discrimination & cardiovascular disease risk: my body my story study of 1005 US-born black and white community health center participants (US).

Journal Article PloS one · January 2013 ObjectivesTo date, limited and inconsistent evidence exists regarding racial discrimination and risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD).MethodsCross-sectional observational study of 1005 US-born non-Hispanic black (n = 504) and white (n = 50 ... Full text Cite

Connecting eHealth with 2-1-1 to reduce health disparities.

Journal Article American journal of preventive medicine · December 2012 Full text Cite

Relationships between social resources and healthful behaviors across the age spectrum

Journal Article Journal of Aging Research · October 29, 2012 Background. We examined cross-sectional relationships of social resources with health behaviors in adults ages 1893 years. Methods. Baseline data from a 2009 risk behavior intervention trial were used to measure social resources, physical activity, and fru ... Full text Cite

Psychosocial stressors and cigarette smoking among African American adults in midlife.

Journal Article Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco · October 2012 IntroductionPsychosocial stress is a significant risk factor for smoking, and Blacks experience higher levels of psychosocial stress relative to other racial/ethnic groups. Limited research has comprehensively examined psychosocial stressors in re ... Full text Cite

Influence of individual and social contextual factors on changes in leisure-time physical activity in working-class populations: results of the Healthy Directions-Small Businesses Study.

Journal Article Cancer causes & control : CCC · September 2012 BackgroundAs part of the Harvard Cancer Prevention Program Project, we sought to address disparities reflected in social class and race/ethnicity by developing and testing a behavioral intervention model that targeted fruit and vegetable consumpti ... Full text Cite

Electronic reminders for cancer prevention: factors associated with preference for automated voice reminders or text messages.

Journal Article Preventive medicine · August 2012 ObjectivePrompting may promote engagement with behavior change interventions. Prompts can be delivered inexpensively via automated voice response (AVR) reminders or short message service (SMS) text messages. We examined the association between par ... Full text Cite

Use of email and telephone prompts to increase self-monitoring in a Web-based intervention: randomized controlled trial.

Journal Article Journal of medical Internet research · July 2012 BackgroundSelf-monitoring is a key behavior change mechanism associated with sustained health behavior change. Although Web-based interventions can offer user-friendly approaches for self-monitoring, engagement with these tools is suboptimal. Incr ... Full text Cite

Weight gain prevention among black women in the rural community health center setting: the Shape Program.

Journal Article BMC Public Health · June 15, 2012 BACKGROUND: Nearly 60% of black women are obese. Despite their increased risk of obesity and associated chronic diseases, black women have been underrepresented in clinical trials of weight loss interventions, particularly those conducted in the primary ca ... Full text Link to item Cite

Polygenic risk, rapid childhood growth, and the development of obesity: evidence from a 4-decade longitudinal study.

Journal Article Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med · June 1, 2012 OBJECTIVE: To test how genomic loci identified in genome-wide association studies influence the development of obesity. DESIGN: A 38-year prospective longitudinal study of a representative birth cohort. SETTING: The Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Dev ... Full text Link to item Cite

Applying the PRECIS criteria to describe three effectiveness trials of weight loss in obese patients with comorbid conditions.

Journal Article Health services research · June 2012 ObjectivesTo characterize Practice-Based Opportunities for Weight Reduction (POWER) trials along the pragmatic-explanatory continuum.SettingsThe POWER trials consist of three individual studies that target obesity treatment in primary car ... Full text Cite

Racial differences in the built environment--body mass index relationship? A geospatial analysis of adolescents in urban neighborhoods.

Journal Article International journal of health geographics · April 2012 BackgroundBuilt environment features of neighborhoods may be related to obesity among adolescents and potentially related to obesity-related health disparities. The purpose of this study was to investigate spatial relationships between various bui ... Full text Cite

Obesity treatment for socioeconomically disadvantaged patients in primary care practice.

Journal Article Archives of internal medicine · April 2012 BackgroundFew evidence-based weight loss treatment options exist for medically vulnerable patients in the primary care setting.MethodsWe conducted a 2-arm, 24-month randomized effectiveness trial in 3 Boston community health centers (from ... Full text Cite

WEIGHT LOSS AMONG SOCIOECONOMICALLY DISADVANTAGED PRIMARY CARE PATIENTS

Journal Article ANNALS OF BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE · April 1, 2012 Link to item Cite

Differential accuracy of physical activity self-report by body mass index.

Journal Article American journal of health behavior · March 2012 ObjectivesTo examine whether agreement between self-reported and accelerometer-measured physical activity varies by BMI category in a low-income black sample.MethodsParticipants completed a questionnaire and wore an accelerometer for 4-6 ... Full text Cite

Is access to neighborhood green space associated with BMI among Egyptians? A multilevel study of Cairo neighborhoods.

Journal Article Health & place · March 2012 Evidence of a link between green space and obesity has increased in the developed world, but few studies have been conducted in the developing world. Our study tests whether availability of neighborhood green space is associated with BMI among adults in Ca ... Full text Cite

Exposing Racial Discrimination: Implicit & Explicit Measures-The My Body, My Story Study of 1005 US-Born Black & White Community Health Center Members.

Journal Article PloS one · December 2011 BACKGROUND: To date, research on racial discrimination and health typically has employed explicit self-report measures, despite their potentially being affected by what people are able and willing to say. We accordingly employed an Implicit Association Tes ... Full text Open Access Cite

The association between social factors and physical activity among low-income adults living in public housing.

Journal Article American journal of public health · November 2011 ObjectivesWe sought to examine the association between structural, functional, and normative social factors and physical activity among urban, low-income, racially/ethnically diverse adults.MethodsWe conducted a baseline cross-sectional s ... Full text Cite

Psychological responses to acute exercise in sedentary black and white individuals.

Journal Article Journal of physical activity & health · September 2011 BackgroundRacial differences in psychological determinants of exercise exist between non-Hispanic blacks (blacks) and non-Hispanic whites (whites). To date, no study has examined racial differences in the psychological responses during and after e ... Full text Cite

Evaluation of the positional difference between two common geocoding methods.

Journal Article Geospatial health · May 2011 Geocoding, the process of matching addresses to geographic coordinates, is a necessary first step when using geographical information systems (GIS) technology. However, different geocoding methodologies can result in different geographic coordinates. The o ... Full text Cite

Reconceptualizing the measurement of multiracial status for health research in the united states

Journal Article Du Bois Review · April 15, 2011 The assessment of multiracial status in U.S. health research is fraught with challenges that limit our ability to enumerate and study this population. This paper reconceptualizes the assessment of multiracial status through the development of a model with ... Full text Cite

Are neighborhood education levels associated with BMI among adults in Cairo, Egypt?

Journal Article Social science & medicine (1982) · April 2011 This study examined the association between area-level education and BMI among adults in Cairo, Egypt. A sample of 3993 households including 1990 men and 2003 women were analyzed from the 2007 Cairo Urban Inequity Study, a study which aimed to identify pot ... Full text Cite

Does perception equal reality? Weight misperception in relation to weight-related attitudes and behaviors among overweight and obese US adults.

Journal Article The international journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity · March 2011 BackgroundWeight misperception might preclude the adoption of healthful weight-related attitudes and behaviors among overweight and obese individuals, yet limited research exists in this area. We examined associations between weight misperception ... Full text Open Access Cite

Physical activity in US Blacks: a systematic review and critical examination of self-report instruments.

Journal Article The international journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity · October 2010 BackgroundPhysical activity self-report instruments in the US have largely been developed for and validated in White samples. Despite calls to validate existing instruments in more diverse samples, relatively few instruments have been validated in ... Full text Open Access Cite

{I}ndependent but coordinated trials: insights from the practice-based {O}pportunities for {W}eight {R}eduction {T}rials {C}ollaborative {R}esearch {G}roup

Journal Article Clin Trials · August 2010 The challenges of the organizational design include the complex decision-making process, the extent of potential data pooling, time intensive efforts to standardize reports, and the additional responsibilities of the DSMB to monitor three distinct protocol ... Cite

Racial differences in the perception of lung cancer: the 2005 Health Information National Trends Survey.

Journal Article Cancer · April 2010 BackgroundRacial disparities in lung cancer have been described well in the literature; however, little is known about perceptions of lung cancer in the general population and whether these perceptions differ by race.MethodsData were obta ... Full text Cite

Web-based weight loss in primary care: a randomized controlled trial.

Journal Article Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.) · February 2010 Evidence is lacking regarding effective and sustainable weight loss approaches for use in the primary care setting. We conducted a 12-week randomized controlled trial to evaluate the short-term efficacy of a web-based weight loss intervention among 101 pri ... Full text Cite

Does coping mediate the relationship between personality and cardiovascular health in African Americans?

Journal Article Journal of the National Medical Association · February 2010 Few studies have examined traits or behaviors that may predispose some African Americans to poor cardiovascular health outcomes. While several models of personality exist, the 5-factor model (FFM) is arguably the best representation of personality and prov ... Full text Cite

Implications of discrimination based on sexuality, gender, and race/ethnicity for psychological distress among working-class sexual minorities: the United for Health Study, 2003-2004.

Journal Article International journal of health services : planning, administration, evaluation · January 2010 This study investigated the distribution of demographic characteristics, the prevalence of discrimination based on sexuality, gender, and race, and relationships with psychological distress among 178 working-class sexual minorities (i.e., who identified as ... Full text Cite

Racial discrimination and physical activity among low-income-housing residents.

Journal Article American journal of preventive medicine · December 2009 BackgroundAlthough discrimination has been identified as a potential determinant of existing racial/ethnic health disparities, no studies have investigated whether racial discrimination contributes to disparities in physical activity.Purpose Full text Cite

Psychosocial stress and 13-year BMI change among blacks: the Pitt County Study.

Journal Article Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.) · November 2009 Adverse psychosocial exposures may partially drive the high rates of obesity among blacks. The objective of this study was to prospectively examine the relationship between perceived psychosocial stress and percent change in BMI among adult black men and w ... Full text Cite

Awareness of national physical activity recommendations for health promotion among US adults.

Journal Article Medicine and science in sports and exercise · October 2009 PurposeTo examine whether knowledge of the 1995 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) national physical activity recommendations varies by sociodemographic, behavioral, and communicatio ... Full text Cite

Influence of activity monitor location and bout duration on free-living physical activity.

Journal Article Research quarterly for exercise and sport · September 2009 The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of the location (ankle, hip, wrist) where an activity monitor (AM) is worn and of the minimum bout duration (BD) on physical activity (PA) variables during free-living monitoring. Study 1 participants ... Full text Cite

Colorectal cancer prevention for low-income, sociodemographically-diverse adults in public housing: baseline findings of a randomized controlled trial.

Journal Article BMC public health · September 2009 BackgroundThis paper presents the study design, intervention components, and baseline data from Open Doors to Health, a study designed to address social contextual factors in colorectal cancer (CRC) prevention for low-income, racial/ethnic minorit ... Full text Cite

Improving coordination of legal-based efforts across jurisdictions and sectors for obesity prevention and control.

Journal Article The Journal of law, medicine & ethics : a journal of the American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics · January 2009 Full text Cite

Assessing coordination of legal-based efforts across jurisdictions and sectors for obesity prevention and control.

Journal Article The Journal of law, medicine & ethics : a journal of the American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics · January 2009 Full text Cite

Colorectal cancer screening: prevalence among low-income groups with health insurance.

Journal Article Health affairs (Project Hope) · January 2009 We examined the prevalence of colorectal cancer (CRC) screening in a low-income, racial/ethnic minority sample, among whom 97 percent had health insurance that covered CRC screening. This is a model for examining the impact of health insurance on racial/et ... Full text Cite

The delivery of public health interventions via the Internet: actualizing their potential.

Journal Article Annual review of public health · January 2009 The Internet increasingly serves as a platform for the delivery of public health interventions. The efficacy of Internet interventions has been demonstrated across a wide range of conditions. Much more work remains, however, to enhance the potential for br ... Full text Cite

The association between racial and gender discrimination and body mass index among residents living in lower-income housing.

Journal Article Ethnicity & disease · January 2009 BackgroundResearch on the association between self-reported racial or gender discrimination and body mass index (BMI) has been limited and inconclusive to date, particularly among lower-income populations.ObjectivesThe aim of the current ... Cite

Biobehavioral aspects on late-life morbidities

Journal Article Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics · January 1, 2009 Full text Cite

Colorectal cancer screening awareness and intentions among low income, sociodemographically diverse adults under age 50.

Journal Article Cancer causes & control : CCC · December 2008 Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening rates in the US are suboptimal, particularly among lower income and racial/ethnically diverse groups. If specific populations have limited awareness of screening when they reach age 50, there may be delays in screening ado ... Full text Cite

Low discretionary time as a barrier to physical activity and intervention uptake.

Journal Article American journal of health behavior · November 2008 ObjectiveTo determine whether self-reported discretionary time was associated with physical activity and uptake of a physical activity promotion intervention in a multi-ethnic urban sample.MethodsWe examined the association of self-report ... Full text Cite

Alcohol disorders among Asian Americans: associations with unfair treatment, racial/ethnic discrimination, and ethnic identification (the national Latino and Asian Americans study, 2002-2003).

Journal Article Journal of epidemiology and community health · November 2008 Study objectiveTo examine history of alcohol abuse/dependence disorder in relation to unfair treatment, racial/ethnic discrimination, and ethnic identification among Asian Americans.DesignWeighted multivariate analyses of cross-sectional ... Full text Cite

Validation of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire-Short among Blacks.

Journal Article Journal of physical activity & health · September 2008 BackgroundThe International Physical Activity Questionnaire-Short Form (IPAQ-S) has been evaluated against accelerometer-determined physical activity measures in small homogenous samples of adults in the United States. There is limited information ... Full text Cite

Nativity and cigarette smoking among lower income blacks: results from the Healthy Directions Study.

Journal Article Journal of immigrant and minority health · August 2008 Blacks in the United States bear the greatest disease burden associated with cigarette smoking. Previous studies have shown that the rapidly increasing population of foreign-born Blacks has lower smoking rates compared to their native-born counterparts. Ho ... Full text Cite

Racial differences in prostate cancer screening by family history.

Journal Article Annals of epidemiology · July 2008 PurposeProstate cancer (CaP) is disproportionately prevalent among black, compared to white, men. Additionally, men with a family history of CaP have 75% to 80% higher risk of CaP. Therefore we examined racial variation in the association of famil ... Full text Cite

Misestimation of peer tobacco use: understanding disparities in tobacco use.

Journal Article J Natl Med Assoc · March 2008 Blacks experience disproportionately elevated rates of tobacco-related morbidity and mortality. Blacks experience delayed smoking initiation relative to other racial/ethnic groups, highlighting the importance of examining smoking correlates occurring in la ... Full text Link to item Cite

Unfair treatment, racial/ethnic discrimination, ethnic identification, and smoking among Asian Americans in the National Latino and Asian American Study.

Journal Article American journal of public health · March 2008 ObjectivesWe examined the relations of self-report of general unfair treatment and self-report of race/ethnicity-specific discrimination with current smoking among Asian Americans. We investigated whether ethnic identification moderated either ass ... Full text Cite

Interrelations of socioeconomic position and occupational and leisure-time physical activity in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

Journal Article Journal of physical activity & health · March 2008 BackgroundThe interrelations between various physical activity domains have received little empirical attention in the United States. Of particular interest, given the potential applicability to traditionally underserved communities, is the nature ... Full text Cite

Neuropsychological assessment, neuroimaging, and neuropsychiatric evaluation in pediatric and adult patients with sickle cell disease (SCD).

Journal Article Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat · December 2007 Traditionally, neuropsychological deficits due to Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) have been understudied in adults. We have begun to suspect, however, that symptomatic and asymptomatic Cerebrovascular Events (CVE) may account for an alarming number of deficits i ... Full text Link to item Cite

Exploring social contextual correlates of computer ownership and frequency of use among urban, low-income, public housing adult residents.

Journal Article Journal of medical Internet research · December 2007 BackgroundAs advances in computer access continue to be made, there is a need to better understand the challenges of increasing access for racial/ethnic minorities, particularly among those with lower incomes. Larger social contextual factors, suc ... Full text Cite

RACIAL SEGREGATION AND OBESITY AMONG BLACKS

Journal Article ANNALS OF BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE · December 1, 2007 Link to item Cite

Discrimination, dispositions, and cardiovascular responses to stress.

Journal Article Health Psychol · November 2007 OBJECTIVE: Recent research suggests that past exposure to discrimination may influence perceptions of, and physiological responses to, new challenges. The authors examined how race and trait levels of hostility and optimism interact with past exposure to d ... Full text Link to item Cite

Safe to walk? Neighborhood safety and physical activity among public housing residents.

Journal Article PLoS medicine · October 2007 BackgroundDespite its health benefits, physical inactivity is pervasive, particularly among those living in lower-income urban communities. In such settings, neighborhood safety may impact willingness to be regularly physically active. We examined ... Full text Cite

Barriers and facilitators to home computer and internet use among urban novice computer users of low socioeconomic position.

Journal Article Journal of medical Internet research · October 2007 BackgroundDespite the increasing penetration of the Internet and amount of online health information, there are significant barriers that limit its widespread adoption as a source of health information. One is the "digital divide," with people of ... Full text Cite

Feasibility of using a web-based nutrition intervention among residents of multiethnic working-class neighborhoods.

Journal Article Preventing chronic disease · July 2007 IntroductionUsing the Internet to promote behavior change is becoming more desirable as Internet use continues to increase among diverse audiences. Yet we know very little about whether this medium is useful or about different strategies to encour ... Cite

Body mass index, physical activity, and dietary behaviors among members of an urban community fitness center: a questionnaire survey.

Journal Article BMC public health · July 2007 BackgroundDevelopment of effective behavioral interventions to promote weight control and physical activity among diverse, underserved populations is a public health priority. Community focused wellness organizations, such as YMCAs, could provide ... Full text Cite

Immigration and obesity among lower income blacks.

Journal Article Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.) · June 2007 ObjectiveOur objective was to examine the associations of nativity, immigrant generation, and language acculturation with obesity among lower income black adult men and women.Research methods and proceduresData from 551 black adult men an ... Full text Cite

Lifecourse socioeconomic position and weight change among blacks: The Pitt County study.

Journal Article Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.) · January 2007 ObjectiveThe elevated prevalence of obesity among U.S. blacks has been attributed to low socioeconomic position (SEP), despite inconsistent empirical findings. It is unclear whether low SEP at various lifecourse stages differentially influences ad ... Full text Cite

Satisfied or unaware? Racial differences in perceived weight status

Journal Article International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity · November 12, 2006 Background: Obesity is disproportionately prevalent among many racial/ ethnic minority communities. The efficacy of weight control efforts in these groups may depend on individual's ability to accurately perceive their weight status. We examined whether ra ... Full text Cite

Reconsideration of the training of psychiatrists and mental health professionals: helping to make soup.

Journal Article J Natl Med Assoc · September 2006 For many years, we have known of deficits in our system of training mental health professionals, particularly in recognizing and integrating diversity. Recently, we have begun to understand that our literature must more authentically reflect the experience ... Link to item Cite

Television viewing and pedometer-determined physical activity among multiethnic residents of low-income housing.

Journal Article American journal of public health · September 2006 ObjectivesWe evaluated the association between television viewing and pedometer-determined physical activity among predominantly racial/ethnic minority residents of low-income housing in metropolitan Boston in 2005.MethodsWe used mixed mo ... Full text Cite

Does race/ethnicity moderate the association between job strain and leisure time physical activity?

Journal Article Annals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine · August 2006 BackgroundRacial/ethnic minorities report myriad barriers to regular leisure time physical activity (LTPA), including the stress and fatigue resulting from their occupational activities.PurposeWe sought to investigate whether an associati ... Full text Cite

Perceived racism and cardiovascular reactivity and recovery to personally relevant stress.

Journal Article Health Psychol · May 2006 This study evaluated cardiovascular responses (CVR) to an active speech task with blatantly discriminatory (BRC) versus neutral (NRC) stimuli and an anger recall task in a sample of Black men (N = 73; age 18 to 47). Diastolic blood pressure scores were hig ... Full text Link to item Cite

Sources of variability in John Henryism.

Journal Article Journal of the National Medical Association · April 2006 ObjectivesTo decompose sources of individual differences in coping as measured by John Henryism among African Americans.MethodsAnalyses described in this study are based on the pairwise responses from 180 pairs of same-sex, African-Americ ... Cite

Pedometer-determined physical activity among multiethnic low-income housing residents.

Journal Article Medicine and science in sports and exercise · April 2006 PurposeWe sought to characterize pedometer-determined physical activity among a predominantly racial and ethnic minority sample of adults residing in low-income housing.MethodsData were collected from 433 participants at baseline in a ran ... Full text Cite

Parental substance abuse, reports of chronic pain and coping in adult patients with sickle cell disease.

Journal Article J Natl Med Assoc · March 2006 There is increasing interest from a social learning perspective in understanding the role of parental factors on adult health behaviors and health outcomes. Our review revealed no studies, to date, that have evaluated the effects of parental substance abus ... Link to item Cite

Attitudes Regarding Overweight, Exercise, and Health among Blacks (United States).

Journal Article Cancer causes & control : CCC · February 2006 ObjectiveTo investigate Blacks'views regarding the connections among overweight, exercise, and health.MethodsA national randomized telephone survey of 986 US Blacks, conducted between 6 July 2004 and 15 July 2004.ResultsThe major ... Full text Cite

Depressive symptoms and prospective incidence of colorectal cancer in women.

Journal Article American journal of epidemiology · November 2005 The authors examined depressive symptoms and prospective incidence of colorectal cancer and distal colorectal adenomas in 81,612 women without prior cancer from the Nurses' Health Study; 400 cases of colorectal cancer and 680 distal colorectal adenomas acc ... Full text Cite

Methods and baseline characteristics of two group-randomized trials with multiracial and multiethnic working-class samples.

Journal Article Preventing chronic disease · October 2005 IntroductionFew papers address the methodological challenges in recruiting participants for studies of cancer prevention interventions designed for multiracial and multiethnic working-class populations. This paper reports the results of the sample ... Cite

Perceived racial/ethnic harassment and tobacco use among African American young adults.

Journal Article American journal of public health · February 2005 We examined the association between perceived racial/ethnic harassment and tobacco use in 2129 African American college students in North Carolina. Age-adjusted and multivariate analyses evaluated the effect of harassment on daily and less-than-daily tobac ... Full text Cite

Methods and baseline characteristics of two group-randomized trials with multiracial and multiethnic working-class samples

Journal Article Preventing Chronic Disease · January 1, 2005 Introduction Few papers address the methodological challenges in recruiting participants for studies of cancer prevention interventions designed for multiracial and multiethnic working-class populations. This paper reports the results of the sample selecti ... Cite

A brief review of the pathophysiology, associated pain, and psychosocial issues in sickle cell disease.

Journal Article Int J Behav Med · 2005 Sickle cell disease (SCD) is the most common genetic disorder of the blood. The disease produces significantly abnormal hemoglobin (Hgb) molecules in red blood cells (RBCs). The sickling of RBCs occurs when partially or totally deoxygenated Hgb molecules d ... Full text Link to item Cite

Ethnicity, education, and the cortisol response to awakening: a preliminary investigation.

Journal Article Ethnicity & health · November 2004 ObjectiveTo explore the associations among ethnicity, educational attainment, and cortisol secretion.DesignParticipants include 63 white (n = 31) and African-American (n = 32) adult men and women. Subjects provided salivary cortisol sampl ... Full text Cite

Stress, coping, and health outcomes among African-Americans: A review of the John Henryism hypothesis

Journal Article Psychology and Health · June 1, 2004 The John Henryism (JH) hypothesis argues that prolonged high-effort coping with chronic psychosocial stressors may be associated with elevated risk for negative health outcomes among those without sufficient socioeconomic resources. Early JH studies found ... Full text Cite

Perceived Racism and Affective Responses to Ambiguous Interpersonal Interactions among African American Men

Journal Article American Behavioral Scientist · March 1, 2004 The current study examined affective responses to ambiguous interpersonal interactions containing both ambiguous and overtly racist content. Participants included 74 African American males (ages 18-47), half of whom heard a depiction of a negative social i ... Full text Cite

Low educational attainment, John Henryism, and cardiovascular reactivity to and recovery from personally relevant stress.

Journal Article Psychosom Med · 2004 OBJECTIVE: The John Henryism hypothesis proposes that a high level of John Henryism (JH: high-effort coping with psychosocial demands) is predictive of hypertension at low but not high socioeconomic status (SES). The objectives of the present study were to ... Full text Link to item Cite

Hypermasculinity and academic goal-setting: an exploratory study.

Journal Article Psychological reports · October 1999 The relation between gender-role percepts and academic goal-setting was explored. An inventory examining the aspects of masculinity that would facilitate or inhibit academic goal-setting was developed based on a literature review of how masculinity relates ... Full text Cite

Roll 'em!: The effects of picture motion on emotional responses

Journal Article Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media · January 1, 1998 An experiment investigated the effects of picture motion on individuals' emotional reactions to images. Participants in the study viewed moving and still versions of 27 different images extracted from a variety of film and television programs. Subjective m ... Full text Cite