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Daniel Friedman

Associate Professor of Medicine
Medicine, Cardiology
2301 Erwin Road, Suite 7451, Durham, NC 27701

Selected Publications


Relationship between sex, body size, and cardiac resynchronization therapy benefit: A patient-level meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Journal Article Heart Rhythm · June 2024 BACKGROUND: Women might benefit more than men from cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) and do so at shorter QRS durations. OBJECTIVE: This meta-analysis was performed to determine whether sex-based differences in CRT effects are better accounted for by ... Full text Link to item Cite

Meta-Analysis of Genome-Wide Association Studies Reveals Genetic Mechanisms of Supraventricular Arrhythmias.

Journal Article Circ Genom Precis Med · June 2024 BACKGROUND: Substantial data support a heritable basis for supraventricular tachycardias, but the genetic determinants and molecular mechanisms of these arrhythmias are poorly understood. We sought to identify genetic loci associated with atrioventricular ... Full text Link to item Cite

Peak frequency mapping of atypical atrial flutter.

Journal Article J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol · May 2024 INTRODUCTION: Peak frequency (PF) mapping is a novel method that may identify critical portions of myocardial substrate supporting reentry. The aim of this study was to describe and evaluate PF mapping combined with omnipolar voltage mapping in the identif ... Full text Link to item Cite

Predicting Major Adverse Events in Patients Undergoing Transcatheter Left Atrial Appendage Occlusion.

Journal Article Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol · April 2024 BACKGROUND: The National Cardiovascular Data Registry Left Atrial Appendage Occlusion Registry (LAAO) includes the vast majority of transcatheter LAAO procedures performed in the United States. The objective of this study was to develop a model predicting ... Full text Link to item Cite

Severe mental illness: cardiovascular risk assessment and management.

Journal Article Eur Heart J · March 27, 2024 Patients with severe mental illness (SMI) including schizophrenia and bipolar disorder die on average 15-20 years earlier than the general population often due to sudden death that, in most cases, is caused by cardiovascular disease. This state-of-the-art ... Full text Link to item Cite

Impact of flecainide on left bundle branch capture criteria

Journal Article HeartRhythm Case Reports · February 1, 2024 Full text Cite

Benefit of cardiac resynchronization therapy among older patients: A patient-level meta-analysis.

Journal Article Am Heart J · January 2024 BACKGROUND: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) reduces heart failure hospitalizations (HFH) and mortality for guideline-indicated patients with heart failure (HF). Most patients with HF are aged ≥70 years but such patients are often under-represented ... Full text Link to item Cite

Left ventricular lead implantation failure in an unselected nationwide cohort.

Journal Article Heart Rhythm · October 2023 BACKGROUND: Left ventricular (LV) lead implantation is often the most challenging aspect of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) procedures; early studies reported implant failure rates in ∼10% of cases. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to defin ... Full text Link to item Cite

Cardiac resynchronization therapy in patients with a prior history of atrial fibrillation: Insights from four major clinical trials.

Journal Article J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol · September 2023 AIMS: To investigate the association of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) on outcomes among participants with and without a history of atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS: Individual-patient-data from four randomized trials investigating CRT-Defibrilla ... Full text Link to item Cite

Utilization and Outcomes of Primary Prevention Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators in Patients With Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy.

Journal Article J Am Heart Assoc · August 15, 2023 Background There is uncertainty about the appropriate use of primary prevention implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) among older patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Methods and Results Patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy who received ... Full text Link to item Cite

Outcomes of Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy by New York Heart Association Class: A Patient-Level Meta-Analysis.

Journal Article medRxiv · July 6, 2023 Data on the benefits of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in patients with severe heart failure (HF) symptoms are limited. We investigated the relative effects of CRT in patients with ambulatory NYHA IV vs. III functional class at the time of device ... Full text Link to item Cite

Voltage gradients in transvenous and subcutaneous defibrillation and their risk of myocardial damage.

Journal Article J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol · July 2023 INTRODUCTION: Transvenous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) shocks have been associated with cardiac biomarker elevations and are thought in some cases to contribute to adverse clinical outcomes and mortality, possibly from myocardium exposed to ... Full text Link to item Cite

Impact of Preprocedure Imaging for Left Atrial Appendage Occlusion: Insights From the NCDR LAAO Registry.

Journal Article JACC Cardiovasc Interv · June 12, 2023 BACKGROUND: The impact of preprocedure imaging on the safety and effectiveness of left atrial appendage occlusion (LAAO) remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the rates of use of preprocedure computed tomography (CT)/cardiac magnetic ... Full text Link to item Cite

Analysis of Oral Anticoagulant Dosing and Adherence to Therapy Among Patients With Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation.

Journal Article JAMA Netw Open · June 1, 2023 IMPORTANCE: Although reduced doses of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) are approved for patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) at high risk of bleeding, little is known about dosing accuracy, particularly in patients with renal dysfunction. ... Full text Link to item Cite

Racial/ethnic and sex differences in safety outcomes and atrial fibrillation/atrial flutter-related acute healthcare utilization after catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation.

Journal Article Heart Rhythm O2 · May 2023 BACKGROUND: Catheter ablation is recommended for the treatment of symptomatic atrial fibrillation (AF) refractory to medical therapy. OBJECTIVE: The study sought to examine racial/ethnic and sex differences in complications and AF/atrial flutter (AFL)-rela ... Full text Link to item Cite

Watchman device migration and embolization: A report from the NCDR LAAO Registry.

Journal Article J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol · May 2023 INTRODUCTION: Incomplete anchoring of the Watchman left atrial appendage closure (LAAO) device can result in substantial device migration or device embolization (DME) requiring percutaneous or surgical retrieval. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analy ... Full text Link to item Cite

Rates and predictors of hospital and emergency department care after catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation.

Journal Article J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol · April 2023 INTRODUCTION: Although atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation has become increasingly safer, rehospitalization and emergency department (ED) evaluations can occur in the postablation period. Better understanding of the frequency, causes, and predictors for hosp ... Full text Link to item Cite

Relationship between sex, body size, and cardiac resynchronization therapy benefit: A patient-level meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Journal Article Heart Rhythm · June 2024 BACKGROUND: Women might benefit more than men from cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) and do so at shorter QRS durations. OBJECTIVE: This meta-analysis was performed to determine whether sex-based differences in CRT effects are better accounted for by ... Full text Link to item Cite

Meta-Analysis of Genome-Wide Association Studies Reveals Genetic Mechanisms of Supraventricular Arrhythmias.

Journal Article Circ Genom Precis Med · June 2024 BACKGROUND: Substantial data support a heritable basis for supraventricular tachycardias, but the genetic determinants and molecular mechanisms of these arrhythmias are poorly understood. We sought to identify genetic loci associated with atrioventricular ... Full text Link to item Cite

Peak frequency mapping of atypical atrial flutter.

Journal Article J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol · May 2024 INTRODUCTION: Peak frequency (PF) mapping is a novel method that may identify critical portions of myocardial substrate supporting reentry. The aim of this study was to describe and evaluate PF mapping combined with omnipolar voltage mapping in the identif ... Full text Link to item Cite

Predicting Major Adverse Events in Patients Undergoing Transcatheter Left Atrial Appendage Occlusion.

Journal Article Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol · April 2024 BACKGROUND: The National Cardiovascular Data Registry Left Atrial Appendage Occlusion Registry (LAAO) includes the vast majority of transcatheter LAAO procedures performed in the United States. The objective of this study was to develop a model predicting ... Full text Link to item Cite

Severe mental illness: cardiovascular risk assessment and management.

Journal Article Eur Heart J · March 27, 2024 Patients with severe mental illness (SMI) including schizophrenia and bipolar disorder die on average 15-20 years earlier than the general population often due to sudden death that, in most cases, is caused by cardiovascular disease. This state-of-the-art ... Full text Link to item Cite

Impact of flecainide on left bundle branch capture criteria

Journal Article HeartRhythm Case Reports · February 1, 2024 Full text Cite

Benefit of cardiac resynchronization therapy among older patients: A patient-level meta-analysis.

Journal Article Am Heart J · January 2024 BACKGROUND: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) reduces heart failure hospitalizations (HFH) and mortality for guideline-indicated patients with heart failure (HF). Most patients with HF are aged ≥70 years but such patients are often under-represented ... Full text Link to item Cite

Left ventricular lead implantation failure in an unselected nationwide cohort.

Journal Article Heart Rhythm · October 2023 BACKGROUND: Left ventricular (LV) lead implantation is often the most challenging aspect of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) procedures; early studies reported implant failure rates in ∼10% of cases. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to defin ... Full text Link to item Cite

Cardiac resynchronization therapy in patients with a prior history of atrial fibrillation: Insights from four major clinical trials.

Journal Article J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol · September 2023 AIMS: To investigate the association of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) on outcomes among participants with and without a history of atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS: Individual-patient-data from four randomized trials investigating CRT-Defibrilla ... Full text Link to item Cite

Utilization and Outcomes of Primary Prevention Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators in Patients With Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy.

Journal Article J Am Heart Assoc · August 15, 2023 Background There is uncertainty about the appropriate use of primary prevention implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) among older patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Methods and Results Patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy who received ... Full text Link to item Cite

Outcomes of Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy by New York Heart Association Class: A Patient-Level Meta-Analysis.

Journal Article medRxiv · July 6, 2023 Data on the benefits of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in patients with severe heart failure (HF) symptoms are limited. We investigated the relative effects of CRT in patients with ambulatory NYHA IV vs. III functional class at the time of device ... Full text Link to item Cite

Voltage gradients in transvenous and subcutaneous defibrillation and their risk of myocardial damage.

Journal Article J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol · July 2023 INTRODUCTION: Transvenous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) shocks have been associated with cardiac biomarker elevations and are thought in some cases to contribute to adverse clinical outcomes and mortality, possibly from myocardium exposed to ... Full text Link to item Cite

Impact of Preprocedure Imaging for Left Atrial Appendage Occlusion: Insights From the NCDR LAAO Registry.

Journal Article JACC Cardiovasc Interv · June 12, 2023 BACKGROUND: The impact of preprocedure imaging on the safety and effectiveness of left atrial appendage occlusion (LAAO) remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the rates of use of preprocedure computed tomography (CT)/cardiac magnetic ... Full text Link to item Cite

Analysis of Oral Anticoagulant Dosing and Adherence to Therapy Among Patients With Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation.

Journal Article JAMA Netw Open · June 1, 2023 IMPORTANCE: Although reduced doses of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) are approved for patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) at high risk of bleeding, little is known about dosing accuracy, particularly in patients with renal dysfunction. ... Full text Link to item Cite

Racial/ethnic and sex differences in safety outcomes and atrial fibrillation/atrial flutter-related acute healthcare utilization after catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation.

Journal Article Heart Rhythm O2 · May 2023 BACKGROUND: Catheter ablation is recommended for the treatment of symptomatic atrial fibrillation (AF) refractory to medical therapy. OBJECTIVE: The study sought to examine racial/ethnic and sex differences in complications and AF/atrial flutter (AFL)-rela ... Full text Link to item Cite

Watchman device migration and embolization: A report from the NCDR LAAO Registry.

Journal Article J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol · May 2023 INTRODUCTION: Incomplete anchoring of the Watchman left atrial appendage closure (LAAO) device can result in substantial device migration or device embolization (DME) requiring percutaneous or surgical retrieval. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analy ... Full text Link to item Cite

Rates and predictors of hospital and emergency department care after catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation.

Journal Article J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol · April 2023 INTRODUCTION: Although atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation has become increasingly safer, rehospitalization and emergency department (ED) evaluations can occur in the postablation period. Better understanding of the frequency, causes, and predictors for hosp ... Full text Link to item Cite

Sex-based differences in atrial fibrillation ablation adverse events.

Journal Article Heart · March 27, 2023 OBJECTIVE: Older, relatively small studies identified female sex as a risk factor for adverse events after catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF). We aimed to assess contemporary sex-based differences in baseline and procedural characteristics, adv ... Full text Link to item Cite

Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy Improves Outcomes in Patients With Intraventricular Conduction Delay But Not Right Bundle Branch Block: A Patient-Level Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

Journal Article Circulation · March 7, 2023 BACKGROUND: Benefit from cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) varies by QRS characteristics; individual randomized trials are underpowered to assess benefit for relatively small subgroups. METHODS: The authors analyzed patient-level data from pivotal CR ... Full text Link to item Cite

Electrocardiographic P terminal force in lead V1, its components, and the association with stroke and atrial fibrillation or flutter.

Journal Article Heart Rhythm · March 2023 BACKGROUND: The electrocardiographic (ECG) marker P terminal force V1 (PTFV1) is generally perceived as a marker of left atrial pathology and has been associated with atrial fibrillation or flutter (AF). OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determin ... Full text Link to item Cite

Race and Ethnic and Sex Differences in Rhythm Control Treatment of Incident Atrial Fibrillation.

Journal Article Clinicoecon Outcomes Res · 2023 BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. Timely management and treatment is critical in alleviating AF disease burden. Variation in treatment by race and ethnic and sex could lead to inequities in health ... Full text Link to item Cite

Development and validation of an automated algorithm for end point adjudication for a large U.S. national registry.

Journal Article Am Heart J · December 2022 BACKGROUND: Clinical events committee (CEC) evaluation is the standard approach for end point adjudication in clinical trials. Due to resource constraints, large registries typically rely on site-reported end points without further confirmation, which may ... Full text Link to item Cite

Device-Sizing and Associated Complications With Left Atrial Appendage Occlusion: Findings From the NCDR LAAO Registry.

Journal Article Circ Cardiovasc Interv · December 2022 BACKGROUND: Left atrial appendage occlusion is an important alternative to anticoagulation in select patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation. Trends in real-world device sizing and associated short-term complications have not been characterized. METH ... Full text Link to item Cite

Omnipolar Versus Bipolar Electrode Mapping in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Undergoing Catheter Ablation.

Journal Article JACC Clin Electrophysiol · December 2022 BACKGROUND: Peak-to-peak bipolar voltage varies with electrode orientation, fractionation, and collision events. Novel, omnipolar mapping is less dependent on electrode orientation but has limited data in humans. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to compare bi ... Full text Link to item Cite

Comparative Safety of Transcatheter LAAO With the First-Generation Watchman and Next-Generation Watchman FLX Devices.

Journal Article JACC Cardiovasc Interv · November 14, 2022 BACKGROUND: Procedural complications limit the clinical benefit of transcatheter left atrial appendage occlusion (LAAO). Next-generation devices incorporate design modifications intended to improve procedural safety, but their clinical impact has not been ... Full text Link to item Cite

Subcutaneous and Transvenous ICDs: an Update on Contemporary Questions and Controversies.

Journal Article Curr Cardiol Rep · August 2022 PURPOSE OF REVIEW: While the subcutaneous (S-) implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICDs) is an alternative to the transvenous (TV-) ICD in many patients, optimal use remains unclear. In this review, we summarize recent clinically relevant data on sensi ... Full text Link to item Cite

Indications for Left Atrial Appendage Occlusion in the United States and Associated In-Hospital Outcomes: Results From the NCDR LAAO Registry.

Journal Article Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes · August 2022 BACKGROUND: The Food and Drug Administration approved left atrial appendage occlusion with the Watchman device for patients who are at increased stroke risk and are suitable for oral anticoagulation but who have an appropriate reason to seek a nondrug alte ... Full text Link to item Cite

Antithrombotic Therapy After Left Atrial Appendage Occlusion in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation.

Journal Article J Am Coll Cardiol · May 10, 2022 BACKGROUND: Pivotal trials of percutaneous left atrial appendage occlusion (LAAO) used specific postprocedure treatment protocols. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate patterns of postprocedure care after LAAO with the Watchman device in clinical prac ... Full text Link to item Cite

Patient-Level Analysis of Watchman Left Atrial Appendage Occlusion in Practice Versus Clinical Trials.

Journal Article JACC Cardiovasc Interv · May 9, 2022 OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare outcomes among patients from the PROTECT-AF (WATCHMAN Left Atrial Appendage System for Embolic PROTECTion in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation) and PREVAIL (Evaluation of the WATCHMAN Left Atrial Appendage [ ... Full text Link to item Cite

Periprocedural Pericardial Effusion Complicating Transcatheter Left Atrial Appendage Occlusion: A Report From the NCDR LAAO Registry.

Journal Article Circ Cardiovasc Interv · May 2022 BACKGROUND: Pericardial effusion (PE) is a potential complication of transcatheter left atrial appendage occlusion. The objective of this study was to investigate the incidence, associated characteristics, and outcomes of PE following left atrial appendage ... Full text Link to item Cite

Longitudinal Outcomes of Subcutaneous or Transvenous Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators in Older Patients.

Journal Article J Am Coll Cardiol · March 22, 2022 BACKGROUND: The subcutaneous (S-) implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) is an alternative to the transvenous (TV-) ICD that is increasingly implanted in younger patients; data on the safety and effectiveness of the S-ICD in older patients are lackin ... Full text Link to item Cite

Complications and Mortality Following CRT-D Versus ICD Implants in Older Medicare Beneficiaries With Heart Failure.

Journal Article JACC Heart Fail · March 2022 OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess the comparative effectiveness of cardiac resynchronization therapy with defibrillator (CRT-D) over implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) alone in older Medicare patients with heart failure with reduced ejectio ... Full text Link to item Cite

Factors and outcomes associated with improved left ventricular systolic function in patients with cardiomyopathy.

Journal Article Cardiol J · 2022 BACKGROUND: Many patients in the Sudden Cardiac Death in Heart Failure Trial (SCD-HeFT) had a significant improvement (> 10%) in the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) during the course of the study, but the factors and outcomes associated with such ... Full text Link to item Cite

Continuous and discontinuous radiofrequency energy delivery on the atrial free wall: Lesion transmurality, width, and biophysical characteristics.

Journal Article Heart Rhythm O2 · December 2021 BACKGROUND: Although lesion transmurality is required for durable pulmonary vein isolation, excess ablation is associated with increased risk of complications. OBJECTIVE: We sought to understand the impact of interrupted radiofrequency (RF) delivery condit ... Full text Link to item Cite

Feasibility of using real-world data in the evaluation of cardiac ablation catheters: A test-case of the National Evaluation System for Health Technology Coordinating Center

Journal Article BMJ Surgery, Interventions, and Health Technologies · December 1, 2021 Objectives To determine the feasibility of using real-world data to assess the safety and effectiveness of two cardiac ablation catheters for the treatment of persistent atrial fibrillation and ischaemic ventricular tachycardia. Design Retrospective cohort ... Full text Cite

Cannabis use disorder among atrial fibrillation admissions, 2008-2018.

Journal Article Pacing Clin Electrophysiol · November 2021 BACKGROUND: Despite changes inthe legality of cannabis use and the increasing prevalence of cannabis use disorder (CUD), there is little data investigating the association between CUD and inpatient atrial fibrillation (AF) hospitalizations. METHODS: Using ... Full text Link to item Cite

Association between vectorcardiographic QRS area and incident heart failure diagnosis and mortality among patients with left bundle branch block: A register-based cohort study.

Journal Article Journal of electrocardiology · November 2021 BackgroundQRS duration and morphology including left bundle branch block (LBBB) are the most widely used electrocardiogram (ECG) markers for assessing ventricular dyssynchrony and predicting heart failure (HF). However, the vectorcardiographic QRS ... Full text Cite

Clinical Heart Failure Among Patients With and Without Severe Mental Illness and the Association With Long-Term Outcomes.

Journal Article Circ Heart Fail · October 2021 BACKGROUND: Patients with severe mental illness (SMI) including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and severe depression have earlier onset of cardiovascular risk factors, predisposing to worse future heart failure (HF) compared with the general population. ... Full text Link to item Cite

The role of posterior wall isolation in catheter ablation of persistent atrial fibrillation.

Journal Article J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol · September 2021 The left atrial posterior wall has many embryologic, anatomic, and electrophysiologic characteristics, that are important for the initiation and maintenance of persistent atrial fibrillation. The left atrial posterior wall is a potential target for ablatio ... Full text Link to item Cite

Electrical storm in patients with left ventricular assist devices: Risk factors, incidence, and impact on survival.

Journal Article Heart Rhythm · August 2021 BACKGROUND: Ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) and electrical storm (ES) are recognized complications following left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation; however, their association with long term-outcomes remains poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: The purp ... Full text Link to item Cite

Segment Length in Cine Strain Analysis Predicts Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy Outcome Beyond Current Guidelines.

Journal Article Circ Cardiovasc Imaging · July 2021 BACKGROUND: Patients with a class I recommendation for cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) are likely to benefit, but the effect of CRT in class II patients is more heterogeneous and additional selection parameters are needed in this group. The recentl ... Full text Link to item Cite

National Trends in the Burden of Atrial Fibrillation During Hospital Admissions for Heart Failure.

Journal Article J Am Heart Assoc · June 2021 Background Heart failure (HF) and atrial fibrillation (AF) frequently coexist and may be associated with worse HF outcomes, but there is limited contemporary evidence describing their combined prevalence. We examined current trends in AF among hospitalizat ... Full text Link to item Cite

Ablation of atrial fibrillation during coronary artery bypass grafting: Late outcomes in a Medicare population.

Conference J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg · April 2021 BACKGROUND: This study compares outcomes of patients with preoperative atrial fibrillation undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with or without concomitant atrial fibrillation ablation in a nationally representative Medicare cohort. OBJECTIVES ... Full text Link to item Cite

Procedure characteristics and outcomes of atrial fibrillation ablation procedures using cryoballoon versus radiofrequency ablation: A report from the GWTG-AFIB registry.

Journal Article J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol · February 2021 INTRODUCTION: Cryoballoon ablation (CBA) is an alternative to radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) and real-world comparisons of this strategy are lacking. As such, we sought to compare patient and periprocedural character ... Full text Link to item Cite

Catheter ablation and healthcare utilization and cost among patients with paroxysmal versus persistent atrial fibrillation.

Journal Article Heart Rhythm O2 · February 2021 BACKGROUND: Ablation reduces atrial fibrillation (AF) burden and improves health-related quality of life. The relationship between ablation, healthcare utilization, and AF type (paroxysmal AF [PAF] vs persistent AF [PsAF]) remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To co ... Full text Link to item Cite

Association Between ECG Abnormalities and Fatal Cardiovascular Disease Among Patients With and Without Severe Mental Illness.

Journal Article J Am Heart Assoc · January 19, 2021 Background ECG abnormalities are associated with adverse outcomes in the general population, but their prognostic significance in severe mental illness (SMI) remains unexplored. We investigated associations between no, minor, and major ECG abnormalities an ... Full text Link to item Cite

Left bundle-branch block is associated with asimilar dyssynchronous phenotype in heart failure patients with normal and reduced ejection fractions.

Journal Article Am Heart J · January 2021 BACKGROUND: Few therapies improve outcomes in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). If left bundle-branch block (LBBB) is associated with left ventricular dyssynchrony and impaired cardiac performance in HFpEF, cardiac resyn ... Full text Link to item Cite

Predicting the Development of Reduced Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction in Patients With Left Bundle Branch Block.

Journal Article Am J Cardiol · December 15, 2020 Left bundle branch block (LBBB) increases the likelihood of developing reduced left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) but predicting which patients with LBBB and normal LVEF will develop decreased LVEF remains challenging. Fifty patients with LBBB an ... Full text Link to item Cite

Healthcare utilization and cost in patients with atrial fibrillation and heart failure undergoing catheter ablation.

Journal Article J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol · December 2020 BACKGROUND: Catheter ablation is an effective treatment for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and heart failure (HF). However, little is known about how healthcare utilization and cost change after ablation in this population. We sought to determine h ... Full text Link to item Cite

Trends in Use and In-Hospital Outcomes of Subcutaneous Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators in Patients Undergoing Long-Term Dialysis.

Journal Article Clin J Am Soc Nephrol · November 6, 2020 BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Patients on dialysis are at high risk of complications related to implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) implantation; use of subcutaneous ICDs may be preferred over transvenous devices due to lower risk of bloodstream infe ... Full text Link to item Cite

Concomitant changes in ventricular depolarization and repolarization and long-term outcomes of biventricular pacing.

Journal Article Pacing Clin Electrophysiol · November 2020 BACKGROUND: Biventricular (BiV) pacing increases transmural repolarization heterogeneity due to epicardial to endocardial conduction from the left ventricular (LV) lead. However, limited evidence is available on concomitant changes in ventricular depolariz ... Full text Link to item Cite

Comparison of Mortality and Readmission in Non-Ischemic Versus Ischemic Cardiomyopathy After Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Implantation.

Journal Article Am J Cardiol · October 15, 2020 Data is lacking on the contemporary risk of death and readmission following implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) implantation in patients with non-ischemic cardiomyopathies (NICM) compared with ischemic cardiomyopathies (ICM) in a large nationally ... Full text Link to item Cite

Sex differences in left ventricular electrical dyssynchrony and outcomes with cardiac resynchronization therapy.

Journal Article Heart Rhythm O2 · October 2020 BACKGROUND: Women seem to derive more benefit from cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) than men, even after accounting for the higher burden of risk factors for nonresponse often observed in men. OBJECTIVE: To assess for sex-specific differences in lef ... Full text Link to item Cite

Is Image Guidance for Left Ventricular Lead Targeting Overkill?

Journal Article JACC Clin Electrophysiol · October 2020 Full text Link to item Cite

Contractile Fronts In The Interventricular Septum: A Case For High Frame Rate Echocardiographic Imaging.

Journal Article Ultrasound Med Biol · September 2020 The real time high frame rate (HFR) 2-dimensional ultrasound system, T5, at Duke University is capable of imaging at up to 1000 images per second for adult cardiac imaging. A method for detecting and visualizing the mechanical contraction fronts using HFR ... Full text Link to item Cite

Catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation in cardiac amyloidosis.

Journal Article Pacing Clin Electrophysiol · September 2020 BACKGROUND: Cardiac amyloidosis is a progressive infiltrative disease involving deposition of amyloid fibrils in the myocardium and cardiac conduction system that frequently manifests with heart failure (HF) and arrhythmias, most frequently atrial fibrilla ... Full text Link to item Cite

Cardiovascular Implantable Electronic Device Surgery Following Left Ventricular Assist Device Implantation.

Journal Article JACC Clin Electrophysiol · September 2020 OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the indications, characteristics, and outcomes of cardiovascular implantable electronic device (CIED) surgery in patients with LVAD. BACKGROUND: Many patients with a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) will requ ... Full text Link to item Cite

Impact of interruptions in radiofrequency energy delivery on lesion characteristics.

Journal Article Heart Rhythm · August 2020 BACKGROUND: During catheter ablation, delivery of radiofrequency (RF) energy to a target site is sometimes interrupted by catheter instability and clinical factors. The impact of interruption of RF delivery on lesion characteristics has not been characteri ... Full text Link to item Cite

Periprocedural Risk and Survival Associated With Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Placement in Older Patients With Advanced Heart Failure.

Journal Article JAMA Cardiol · June 1, 2020 IMPORTANCE: Little is known about the utilization rates and outcomes of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) and cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillator (CRT-D) placement among patients with advanced heart failure (HF). OBJECTIVE: To examin ... Full text Link to item Cite

Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator lead revision following left ventricular assist device implantation.

Journal Article J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol · June 2020 INTRODUCTION: Lead dysfunction can lead to serious consequences including failure to treat ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation (VT/VF). The incidence and mechanisms of lead dysfunction following left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation are no ... Full text Link to item Cite

Predictors of Cardiac Perforation With Catheter Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation.

Journal Article JACC Clin Electrophysiol · June 2020 OBJECTIVES: This study identified factors associated with risk for cardiac perforation in the setting of atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation in contemporary clinical practice. BACKGROUND: Cardiac perforation is an uncommon but potentially fatal complication ... Full text Link to item Cite

Long-Term Prognostic Value of Less-Stringent Electrocardiographic Q Waves and Fourth Universal Definition of Myocardial Infarction Q Waves.

Journal Article Am J Med · May 2020 BACKGROUND: The Fourth Universal Definition of Myocardial Infarction defines electrocardiographic Q waves as duration ≥30 ms and amplitude ≥1 mm or QS complex in 2 contiguous leads. However, current taskforce criteria may be overly restrictive. Therefore, ... Full text Link to item Cite

Lead one ratio in left bundle branch block predicts poor cardiac resynchronization therapy response.

Journal Article Pacing Clin Electrophysiol · May 2020 BACKGROUND: A low electrocardiogram (ECG) lead one ratio (LOR) of the maximum positive/negative QRS amplitudes is associated with lower left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and worse outcomes in left bundle branch block (LBBB); however, the impact of ... Full text Link to item Cite

Use of left atrial appendage occlusion among older cardiac surgery patients with preoperative atrial fibrillation: a national cohort study.

Journal Article J Interv Card Electrophysiol · April 2020 PURPOSE: Patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) undergoing cardiac surgery are at substantially increased risk for stroke. Increasing evidence has suggested that surgical left atrial appendage occlusion (S-LAAO) may have the potential to substantially miti ... Full text Link to item Cite

Focal impulse and rotor modulation of atrial rotors during atrial fibrillation leads to organization of left atrial activation as reflected by waveform morphology recurrence quantification analysis and organizational index.

Journal Article J Arrhythm · April 2020 BACKGROUND: Focal impulse and rotor modulation (FIRM) can cause slowing, organization, and occasionally termination of atrial fibrillation (AF), although results have been mixed. To further characterize changes in AF during rotor ablation, we quantified mo ... Full text Link to item Cite

Oral Anticoagulation and Cardiovascular Outcomes in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation and End-Stage Renal Disease.

Journal Article J Am Coll Cardiol · March 24, 2020 BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is common in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). The impact of oral anticoagulation (OAC) in ESRD patients is uncertain. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to describe patterns of OAC use in ESRD patien ... Full text Link to item Cite

Complications involving the subcutaneous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator: Lessons learned from MAUDE.

Journal Article Heart Rhythm · March 2020 BACKGROUND: Reports on the subcutaneous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (S-ICD) cumulatively demonstrate a low rate of complications, but clinical experience with this technology is limited compared with transvenous devices. OBJECTIVE: The purpose o ... Full text Link to item Cite

Electrocardiogram Characteristics and Their Association With Psychotropic Drugs Among Patients With Schizophrenia.

Journal Article Schizophr Bull · February 26, 2020 BACKGROUND: There are limited data on electrocardiogram (ECG) characteristics and their association with psychotropic drugs in schizophrenia. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional design, we included Danish primary care patients with first-time digital ECGs fro ... Full text Link to item Cite

Changes in the optimal cardiac resynchronization therapy pacing configuration during physiologic stress.

Journal Article J Electrocardiol · 2020 BACKGROUND: Some patients with ongoing heart failure symptoms after treatment with cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) demonstrate QRS prolongation during exercise. We investigated whether the optimal CRT pacing configuration changes during dobutamine ... Full text Link to item Cite

PR Prolongation predicts inadequate resynchronization with biventricular pacing in left bundle branch block.

Journal Article Pacing Clin Electrophysiol · November 2019 BACKGROUND: PR interval prolongation is associated with poor outcome after cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) among patients with left bundle branch block (LBBB) but the mechanisms are unknown. We investigated clinical outcomes, electrocardiogram (ECG ... Full text Link to item Cite

Non-invasively quantified changes in left ventricular activation predict outcomes in patients undergoing cardiac resynchronization therapy.

Journal Article J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol · November 2019 BACKGROUND: Changes in left ventricular (LV) activation after cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) influence survival but are difficult to quantify noninvasively. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 527 CRT patients to assess whether noninvasive quantificat ... Full text Link to item Cite

Watchman implantation in a patient with left atrial appendage thrombus.

Journal Article J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol · September 2019 Full text Link to item Cite

The Association of a classical left bundle Branch Block Contraction Pattern by vendor-independent strain echocardiography and outcome after cardiac resynchronization therapy.

Journal Article Cardiovasc Ultrasound · May 21, 2019 BACKGROUND: The association of a Classical left bundle branch block (LBBB) contraction pattern and better outcome after cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) has only been studied using vendor-specific software for echocardiographic speckle-tracked longi ... Full text Link to item Cite

Quantitative Parameters of High-Frame-Rate Strain in Patients with Echocardiographically Normal Function.

Journal Article Ultrasound Med Biol · May 2019 Recently, we developed a high-frame-rate echocardiographic imaging system capable of acquiring images at rates up to 2500 per second. High imaging rates were used to quantify longitudinal strain parameters in patients with echocardiographically normal func ... Full text Link to item Cite

How to Implant Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy in a Busy Clinical Practice.

Journal Article Card Electrophysiol Clin · March 2019 Implantation of cardiac resynchronization therapy devices represents one of the more challenging and time-consuming procedures for the clinical electrophysiologist. This article reviews several strategies used to improve efficiency, safety, and effectivene ... Full text Link to item Cite

Vectorcardiographic QRS area is associated with long-term outcome after cardiac resynchronization therapy.

Journal Article Heart Rhythm · February 2019 BACKGROUND: Recent studies have suggested that vectorcardiographic measures predict left ventricular (LV) reverse remodeling and clinical outcome in patients receiving cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were t ... Full text Link to item Cite

Is Time From Last Hospitalization for Heart Failure to Placement of a Primary Prevention Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Associated With Patient Outcomes?

Journal Article Circulation · December 11, 2018 BACKGROUND: Landmark studies have demonstrated the safety and efficacy of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) in selected stable ambulatory patients with heart failure (HF) with a reduced ejection fraction receiving optimal medical therapy. It i ... Full text Link to item Cite

Size Matters: Normalization of QRS Duration to Left Ventricular Dimension Improves Prediction of Long-Term Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy Outcome.

Journal Article Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol · December 2018 BACKGROUND: In patients with left bundle branch block (LBBB), QRS duration (QRSd) depends on left ventricular (LV) dimension. Previously, we demonstrated that normalizing QRSd to LV dimension, to adjust for variations in LV size, improved prediction of hem ... Full text Link to item Cite

Obstructive sleep apnea is associated with increased rotor burden in patients undergoing focal impulse and rotor modification guided atrial fibrillation ablation.

Journal Article Europace · November 1, 2018 AIMS: To assess whether obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) was associated with increased rotor burden among atrial fibrillation (AF) patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 33 consecutive patients who were scheduled for focal impulse and rotor modulation (FIR ... Full text Link to item Cite

The relationship between baseline and follow-up left ventricular ejection fraction with adverse events among primary prevention ICD patients.

Journal Article Am Heart J · July 2018 BACKGROUND: Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) is used to select patients for primary prevention implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs). The relationship between baseline and long-term follow-up LVEF and clinical outcomes among primary preve ... Full text Link to item Cite

Ventricular Fibrillation Conversion Testing After Implantation of a Subcutaneous Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator: Report From the National Cardiovascular Data Registry.

Journal Article Circulation · June 5, 2018 BACKGROUND: Compared with transvenous implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs), subcutaneous (S)-ICDs require a higher energy for effective defibrillation. Although ventricular fibrillation conversion testing (CT) is recommended after S-ICD implantat ... Full text Link to item Cite

Burden of preoperative atrial fibrillation in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting.

Journal Article J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg · June 2018 BACKGROUND: This study compares early and late outcomes in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting with and without preoperative atrial fibrillation in a contemporary, nationally representative Medicare cohort. METHODS: In the Medicare-Linked S ... Full text Link to item Cite

Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators in heart failure patients with reduced ejection fraction and diabetes.

Journal Article Eur J Heart Fail · June 2018 AIM: There is limited information on the outcomes after primary prevention implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) implantation in patients with heart failure (HF) and diabetes. This analysis evaluates the effectiveness of a strategy of ICD plus medic ... Full text Link to item Cite

When Is It Safe Not to Reimplant an Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator at the Time of Battery Depletion?

Journal Article Card Electrophysiol Clin · March 2018 The implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) is a life-saving therapy in various patient populations. Although data on the outcomes of initial ICD implants are abundant, data on ICD replacements, especially in patients with improved left ventricular (L ... Full text Link to item Cite

Are We Approaching Chronotropy (In)competently?

Journal Article JACC Heart Fail · February 2018 Full text Link to item Cite

Association Between Left Atrial Appendage Occlusion and Readmission for Thromboembolism Among Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Undergoing Concomitant Cardiac Surgery.

Journal Article JAMA · January 23, 2018 IMPORTANCE: The left atrial appendage is a key site of thrombus formation in atrial fibrillation (AF) and can be occluded or removed at the time of cardiac surgery. There is limited evidence regarding the effectiveness of surgical left atrial appendage occ ... Full text Link to item Cite

Left Atrial Appendage Electrical Isolation for Treatment of Recurrent Atrial Fibrillation: A Meta-Analysis.

Journal Article JACC Clin Electrophysiol · January 2018 OBJECTIVES: In this study, the authors sought to perform a meta-analysis of controlled studies assessing the relationship between left atrial appendage (LAA) electrical isolation (EI) and recurrent atrial fibrillation (AF). BACKGROUND: LAA triggers could p ... Full text Link to item Cite

The mechanical and hemodynamic effects of left ventricular pacing in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction and left bundle branch block.

Journal Article J Electrocardiol · 2018 Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) has revolutionized the care of patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) and left bundle branch block (LBBB); some hypothesize that electrical resynchronization may also benefit patients with ... Full text Link to item Cite

Predicting appropriate shocks in patients with heart failure: Patient level meta-analysis from SCD-HeFT and MADIT II.

Conference J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol · November 2017 BACKGROUND: No precise tools exist to predict appropriate shocks in patients with a primary prevention ICD. We sought to identify characteristics predictive of appropriate shocks in patients with a primary prevention implantable cardioverter defibrillator ... Full text Link to item Cite

New York Heart Association class and the survival benefit from primary prevention implantable cardioverter defibrillators: A pooled analysis of 4 randomized controlled trials.

Conference Am Heart J · September 2017 BACKGROUND: Primary prevention implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) reduce all-cause mortality by reducing sudden cardiac death. There are conflicting data regarding whether patients with more advanced heart failure derive ICD benefit owing to the ... Full text Link to item Cite

Do Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators Lower the Risk of Sudden Death and Total Mortality in Patients with End-Stage Renal Disease?

Journal Article Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports · September 1, 2017 Purpose of Review: Although the risk of sudden cardiac death is high in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), it is not clear if such patients benefit from the implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). This paper reviews data on the risk of sud ... Full text Cite

The Metabolic Syndrome and Risk of Sudden Cardiac Death: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study.

Journal Article J Am Heart Assoc · August 23, 2017 BACKGROUND: Prior studies have demonstrated a link between the metabolic syndrome and increased risk of cardiovascular mortality. Whether the metabolic syndrome is associated with sudden cardiac death is uncertain. METHODS AND RESULTS: We characterized the ... Full text Link to item Cite

Multiple Comorbidities and Response to Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy: MADIT-CRT Long-Term Follow-Up.

Journal Article J Am Coll Cardiol · May 16, 2017 BACKGROUND: Data regarding cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in patients with multiple comorbidities are limited. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the association of multiple comorbidities with the benefits of CRT over implantable cardioverter-defibr ... Full text Link to item Cite

Prescription of Guideline-Recommended Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator and Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy Among Patients Hospitalized With Heart Failure and Varying Degrees of Renal Function.

Journal Article Am J Cardiol · March 15, 2017 Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD) and cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) reduce mortality in many patients with heart failure (HF), but the current use and effectiveness of ICD/CRT in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are uncertai ... Full text Link to item Cite

Association Between a Prolonged PR Interval and Outcomes of Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy: A Report From the National Cardiovascular Data Registry.

Journal Article Circulation · November 22, 2016 BACKGROUND: A prolonged PR interval is common among cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) candidates; however, the association between PR interval and outcomes is unclear, and the data are conflicting. METHODS: We conducted inverse probability weighted a ... Full text Link to item Cite

Intermittent Capture of the Left Bundle With Permanent His Bundle Pacing: Mechanistic Insights and Implications for an Emerging Field.

Journal Article J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol · November 2016 We present a case of a patient with elevated His lead capture thresholds and intermittent recruitment of the left bundle. The patient underwent a noninvasive electrophysiology study and was determined to have a left bundle branch block due to postrepolariz ... Full text Link to item Cite

Trends and In-Hospital Outcomes Associated With Adoption of the Subcutaneous Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator in the United States.

Journal Article JAMA Cardiol · November 1, 2016 IMPORTANCE: Trends and in-hospital outcomes associated with early adoption of the subcutaneous implantable cardioverter defibrillator (S-ICD) in the United States have not been described. OBJECTIVES: To describe early use of the S-ICD in the United States ... Full text Link to item Cite

Measuring quality in electrophysiology.

Journal Article J Interv Card Electrophysiol · October 2016 The evolving healthcare environment demands optimally measured quality of care. Performance measures are increasingly being used for quality improvement, public reporting, and reimbursement determinations. The National Quality Forum has created rigorous cr ... Full text Link to item Cite

Catheter ablation of ventricular tachycardia: Lessons learned from past clinical trials and implications for future clinical trials.

Journal Article Heart Rhythm · August 2016 Catheter ablation of ventricular tachycardia (VT) has evolved in recent years, especially in patients with ischemic heart disease. Data from prospective studies show that VT catheter ablation reduces the risk of recurrent VT; however, there is a paucity of ... Full text Link to item Cite

Comparative Effectiveness of CRT-D Versus Defibrillator Alone in HF Patients With Moderate-to-Severe Chronic Kidney Disease.

Journal Article J Am Coll Cardiol · December 15, 2015 BACKGROUND: Patients with moderate-to-severe chronic kidney disease (CKD) are poorly represented in clinical trials of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess the real-world comparative effectiveness of CRT with def ... Full text Link to item Cite

Renal Response in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease Predicts Outcome Following Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy.

Journal Article Pacing Clin Electrophysiol · October 2015 BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) severity is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in congestive heart failure. There is a paucity of data regarding renal improvement after cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) and its potential impac ... Full text Link to item Cite

Assessing mitral regurgitation in the prediction of clinical outcome after cardiac resynchronization therapy.

Journal Article Heart Rhythm · June 2015 BACKGROUND: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) has been shown to reduce mitral regurgitation (MR), although the clinical impact of this improvement remains uncertain. OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate the impact of MR improvement on clinical outcome a ... Full text Link to item Cite

Progressive ventricular dysfunction among nonresponders to cardiac resynchronization therapy: baseline predictors and associated clinical outcomes.

Journal Article Heart Rhythm · November 2014 BACKGROUND: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) nonresponders have poor outcomes. The significance of progressive ventricular dysfunction among nonresponders remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: We sought to define predictors of and clinical outcomes associated ... Full text Link to item Cite

Pericardial fat is associated with atrial conduction: the Framingham Heart Study.

Journal Article J Am Heart Assoc · March 4, 2014 BACKGROUND: Obesity is associated with altered atrial electrophysiology and a prominent risk factor for atrial fibrillation. Body mass index, the most widely used adiposity measure, has been related to atrial electrical remodeling. We tested the hypothesis ... Full text Link to item Cite

Usefulness and consequences of cardiac resynchronization therapy in dialysis-dependent patients with heart failure.

Journal Article Am J Cardiol · November 15, 2013 Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is often deferred in dialysis-dependent patients with heart failure (HF) because of a perceived lack of benefit and potentially higher risks, although the outcomes associated with CRT in dialysis have not been report ... Full text Link to item Cite

T-wave alternans and ST depression assessment identifies low risk individuals with ischemic cardiomyopathy in the absence of left ventricular hypertrophy.

Journal Article Ann Noninvasive Electrocardiol · July 2013 BACKGROUND: Although ECG left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) by Cornell product (CP) predicts increased mortality in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM), those without CP LVH remain at relatively high risk. We examined whether T-wave alternans (TWA) ... Full text Link to item Cite

The anatomic and electrical location of the left ventricular lead predicts ventricular arrhythmia in cardiac resynchronization therapy.

Journal Article Heart Rhythm · May 2013 BACKGROUND: Both anatomic and electrical locations of the left ventricular (LV) lead have been identified as important predictors of clinical outcomes in cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). The impact of LV lead location on incident device-treated ven ... Full text Link to item Cite

Electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy predicts arrhythmia and mortality in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy.

Journal Article J Interv Card Electrophysiol · September 2012 PURPOSE: The relatively low incidence of device-treated ventricular arrhythmias in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) who receive implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) for primary prevention makes improved risk stratification of ICM patie ... Full text Link to item Cite

Predictors of sustained ventricular arrhythmias in cardiac resynchronization therapy.

Journal Article Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol · August 1, 2012 BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) are at high risk for ventricular arrhythmias (VAs), and risk stratification in this population remains poor. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study followed 269 patients (left ventricular eje ... Full text Link to item Cite