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Christopher Bull Granger

Donald F. Fortin, M.D. Distinguished Professor of Medicine
Medicine, Cardiology
Duke Box 3409, Durham, NC 27710
300 West Morgan Street, Durham, NC 27701

Selected Publications


Effect of albiglutide on cardiovascular outcomes in older adults: A post hoc analysis of a randomized controlled trial.

Journal Article Diabetes, obesity & metabolism · May 2024 AimTo analyse the effects of albiglutide, a glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonist, on cardiovascular outcomes in older adults aged ≥65 years with type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease who participated in the Harmony Outcomes trial (NCT0246 ... Full text Cite

Hypertension, microvascular obstruction and infarct size in patients with STEMI undergoing PCI: Pooled analysis from 7 cardiac magnetic resonance imaging studies.

Journal Article Am Heart J · May 2024 BACKGROUND: Mortality after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is increased in patients with hypertension. The mechanisms underlying this association are uncertain. We sought to investigate whether patients with STEMI and prior hypertension ... Full text Link to item Cite

Microvascular Obstruction in Patients With Anterior STEMI Treated With Supersaturated Oxygen

Journal Article Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions · May 1, 2024 Background: Supersaturated oxygen (SSO2) delivered into the left anterior descending coronary artery after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for anterior ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) has been shown to reduce infarct size, but i ... Full text Cite

Reporting quality of heart failure randomized controlled trials 2000-2020: Temporal trends in adherence to CONSORT criteria.

Journal Article Eur J Heart Fail · April 16, 2024 AIM: Heart failure (HF) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in older adults. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) inform HF policy and practice, but the accurate interpretation of results is contingent on clear and transparent reporting. The CONsoli ... Full text Link to item Cite

Remote Follow-up in a Heart Failure Pragmatic Trial: Insights From the CONNECT-HF.

Journal Article J Card Fail · April 8, 2024 BACKGROUND: Randomized controlled trials typically require study-specific visits, which can burden participants and sites. Remote follow-up, such as centralized call centers for participant-reported or site-reported, holds promise for reducing costs and en ... Full text Link to item Cite

Cardiac implantable electronic devices and bloodstream infections: management and outcomes.

Journal Article Eur Heart J · April 7, 2024 BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Bloodstream infection (BSI) of any cause may lead to device infection in cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED) patients. Aiming for a better understanding of the diagnostic approach, treatment, and outcome, patients with an impl ... Full text Link to item Cite

Repeated Measurement of the Novel Atrial Biomarker BMP10 (Bone Morphogenetic Protein 10) Refines Risk Stratification in Anticoagulated Patients With Atrial Fibrillation: Insights From the ARISTOTLE Trial.

Journal Article J Am Heart Assoc · April 2, 2024 BACKGROUND: BMP10 (bone morphogenic protein 10) has emerged as a novel biomarker associated with the risk of ischemic stroke and other outcomes in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). The study aimed to determine if repeated BMP10 measurements improve p ... Full text Link to item Cite

GRACE scores or high-sensitivity troponin for timing of coronary angiography in non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes.

Journal Article Clin Res Cardiol · April 2024 BACKGROUND: The GRACE risk score is generically recommended by guidelines for timing of invasive coronary angiography without stating which score should be used. The aim was to determine the diagnostic performance of different GRACE risk scores in comparis ... Full text Link to item Cite

Evaluating registry-based trial economics: Results from the STRESS clinical trial.

Journal Article Contemp Clin Trials Commun · April 2024 BACKGROUND: Registry-based trials have the potential to reduce randomized clinical trial (RCT) costs. However, observed cost differences also may be achieved through pragmatic trial designs. A systematic comparison of trial costs across different designs h ... Full text Link to item Cite

Direct Oral Anticoagulants for Stroke Prevention in Patients With Device-Detected Atrial Fibrillation: A Study-Level Meta-Analysis of the NOAH-AFNET 6 and ARTESiA Trials.

Journal Article Circulation · March 26, 2024 BACKGROUND: Device-detected atrial fibrillation (also known as subclinical atrial fibrillation or atrial high-rate episodes) is a common finding in patients with an implanted cardiac rhythm device and is associated with an increased risk of ischemic stroke ... Full text Link to item Cite

Efficacy and Safety of Non-Vitamin-K Antagonist Oral Anticoagulants Versus Warfarin Across the Spectrum of Body Mass Index and Body Weight: An Individual Patient Data Meta-Analysis of 4 Randomized Clinical Trials of Patients With Atrial Fibrillation.

Journal Article Circulation · March 19, 2024 BACKGROUND: The efficacy and safety of non-vitamin-K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) across the spectrum of body mass index (BMI) and body weight (BW) remain uncertain. METHODS: We analyzed data from COMBINE AF (A Collaboration Between Multiple Inst ... Full text Link to item Cite

Angiotensin Receptor-Neprilysin Inhibition in Patients With STEMI vs NSTEMI.

Journal Article J Am Coll Cardiol · March 5, 2024 BACKGROUND: Patients who sustain an acute myocardial infarction (AMI), including ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI), remain at high risk for heart failure (HF), coronary events, an ... Full text Link to item Cite

Regionalization of stroke systems of care in the stroke belt states: The IMPROVE stroke care quality improvement program.

Journal Article Am Heart J · March 2024 BACKGROUND: Despite guidelines and strong evidence supporting intravenous thrombolysis and endovascular thrombectomy for acute stroke, access to these interventions remains a challenge. The objective of the IMPROVE stroke care program was to accelerate acu ... Full text Link to item Cite

Factors influencing support for the implementation of community-based out-of-hospital cardiac arrest interventions in high- and low-performing counties.

Journal Article Resusc Plus · March 2024 AIM OF THE STUDY: Survival to hospital discharge from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) after receiving treatment from emergency medical services (EMS) is less than 10% in the United States. Community-focused interventions improve survival rates, but t ... Full text Link to item Cite

In adults aged ≥80 y with NSTE-ACS, an invasive vs. conservative strategy improved outcomes at a median 5.3 y.

Journal Article Ann Intern Med · March 2024 Berg ES, Tegn NK, Abdelnoor M, et al; After Eighty Study Investigators. Long-term outcomes of invasive vs conservative strategies for older patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2023;82:2021-2030. 37968019. ... Full text Link to item Cite

Optimizing warfarin dosing for patients with atrial fibrillation using machine learning.

Journal Article Sci Rep · February 24, 2024 While novel oral anticoagulants are increasingly used to reduce risk of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation, vitamin K antagonists such as warfarin continue to be used extensively for stroke prevention across the world. While effective in reducing ... Full text Link to item Cite

Effects of albiglutide on myocardial infarction and ischemic heart disease outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease in the Harmony Outcomes trial.

Journal Article Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Pharmacother · January 25, 2024 AIMS: Large outcome trials have demonstrated cardiovascular benefits of selected glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists. We examined coronary disease outcomes in the Harmony Outcomes trial of the GLP-1 receptor agonist albiglutide. METHODS AND R ... Full text Link to item Cite

Apixaban for Stroke Prevention in Subclinical Atrial Fibrillation.

Journal Article N Engl J Med · January 11, 2024 BACKGROUND: Subclinical atrial fibrillation is short-lasting and asymptomatic and can usually be detected only by long-term continuous monitoring with pacemakers or defibrillators. Subclinical atrial fibrillation is associated with an increased risk of str ... Full text Link to item Cite

Effect of albiglutide on cardiovascular outcomes in older adults: A post hoc analysis of a randomized controlled trial.

Journal Article Diabetes, obesity & metabolism · May 2024 AimTo analyse the effects of albiglutide, a glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonist, on cardiovascular outcomes in older adults aged ≥65 years with type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease who participated in the Harmony Outcomes trial (NCT0246 ... Full text Cite

Hypertension, microvascular obstruction and infarct size in patients with STEMI undergoing PCI: Pooled analysis from 7 cardiac magnetic resonance imaging studies.

Journal Article Am Heart J · May 2024 BACKGROUND: Mortality after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is increased in patients with hypertension. The mechanisms underlying this association are uncertain. We sought to investigate whether patients with STEMI and prior hypertension ... Full text Link to item Cite

Microvascular Obstruction in Patients With Anterior STEMI Treated With Supersaturated Oxygen

Journal Article Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions · May 1, 2024 Background: Supersaturated oxygen (SSO2) delivered into the left anterior descending coronary artery after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for anterior ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) has been shown to reduce infarct size, but i ... Full text Cite

Reporting quality of heart failure randomized controlled trials 2000-2020: Temporal trends in adherence to CONSORT criteria.

Journal Article Eur J Heart Fail · April 16, 2024 AIM: Heart failure (HF) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in older adults. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) inform HF policy and practice, but the accurate interpretation of results is contingent on clear and transparent reporting. The CONsoli ... Full text Link to item Cite

Remote Follow-up in a Heart Failure Pragmatic Trial: Insights From the CONNECT-HF.

Journal Article J Card Fail · April 8, 2024 BACKGROUND: Randomized controlled trials typically require study-specific visits, which can burden participants and sites. Remote follow-up, such as centralized call centers for participant-reported or site-reported, holds promise for reducing costs and en ... Full text Link to item Cite

Cardiac implantable electronic devices and bloodstream infections: management and outcomes.

Journal Article Eur Heart J · April 7, 2024 BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Bloodstream infection (BSI) of any cause may lead to device infection in cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED) patients. Aiming for a better understanding of the diagnostic approach, treatment, and outcome, patients with an impl ... Full text Link to item Cite

Repeated Measurement of the Novel Atrial Biomarker BMP10 (Bone Morphogenetic Protein 10) Refines Risk Stratification in Anticoagulated Patients With Atrial Fibrillation: Insights From the ARISTOTLE Trial.

Journal Article J Am Heart Assoc · April 2, 2024 BACKGROUND: BMP10 (bone morphogenic protein 10) has emerged as a novel biomarker associated with the risk of ischemic stroke and other outcomes in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). The study aimed to determine if repeated BMP10 measurements improve p ... Full text Link to item Cite

GRACE scores or high-sensitivity troponin for timing of coronary angiography in non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes.

Journal Article Clin Res Cardiol · April 2024 BACKGROUND: The GRACE risk score is generically recommended by guidelines for timing of invasive coronary angiography without stating which score should be used. The aim was to determine the diagnostic performance of different GRACE risk scores in comparis ... Full text Link to item Cite

Evaluating registry-based trial economics: Results from the STRESS clinical trial.

Journal Article Contemp Clin Trials Commun · April 2024 BACKGROUND: Registry-based trials have the potential to reduce randomized clinical trial (RCT) costs. However, observed cost differences also may be achieved through pragmatic trial designs. A systematic comparison of trial costs across different designs h ... Full text Link to item Cite

Direct Oral Anticoagulants for Stroke Prevention in Patients With Device-Detected Atrial Fibrillation: A Study-Level Meta-Analysis of the NOAH-AFNET 6 and ARTESiA Trials.

Journal Article Circulation · March 26, 2024 BACKGROUND: Device-detected atrial fibrillation (also known as subclinical atrial fibrillation or atrial high-rate episodes) is a common finding in patients with an implanted cardiac rhythm device and is associated with an increased risk of ischemic stroke ... Full text Link to item Cite

Efficacy and Safety of Non-Vitamin-K Antagonist Oral Anticoagulants Versus Warfarin Across the Spectrum of Body Mass Index and Body Weight: An Individual Patient Data Meta-Analysis of 4 Randomized Clinical Trials of Patients With Atrial Fibrillation.

Journal Article Circulation · March 19, 2024 BACKGROUND: The efficacy and safety of non-vitamin-K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) across the spectrum of body mass index (BMI) and body weight (BW) remain uncertain. METHODS: We analyzed data from COMBINE AF (A Collaboration Between Multiple Inst ... Full text Link to item Cite

Angiotensin Receptor-Neprilysin Inhibition in Patients With STEMI vs NSTEMI.

Journal Article J Am Coll Cardiol · March 5, 2024 BACKGROUND: Patients who sustain an acute myocardial infarction (AMI), including ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI), remain at high risk for heart failure (HF), coronary events, an ... Full text Link to item Cite

Regionalization of stroke systems of care in the stroke belt states: The IMPROVE stroke care quality improvement program.

Journal Article Am Heart J · March 2024 BACKGROUND: Despite guidelines and strong evidence supporting intravenous thrombolysis and endovascular thrombectomy for acute stroke, access to these interventions remains a challenge. The objective of the IMPROVE stroke care program was to accelerate acu ... Full text Link to item Cite

Factors influencing support for the implementation of community-based out-of-hospital cardiac arrest interventions in high- and low-performing counties.

Journal Article Resusc Plus · March 2024 AIM OF THE STUDY: Survival to hospital discharge from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) after receiving treatment from emergency medical services (EMS) is less than 10% in the United States. Community-focused interventions improve survival rates, but t ... Full text Link to item Cite

In adults aged ≥80 y with NSTE-ACS, an invasive vs. conservative strategy improved outcomes at a median 5.3 y.

Journal Article Ann Intern Med · March 2024 Berg ES, Tegn NK, Abdelnoor M, et al; After Eighty Study Investigators. Long-term outcomes of invasive vs conservative strategies for older patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2023;82:2021-2030. 37968019. ... Full text Link to item Cite

Optimizing warfarin dosing for patients with atrial fibrillation using machine learning.

Journal Article Sci Rep · February 24, 2024 While novel oral anticoagulants are increasingly used to reduce risk of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation, vitamin K antagonists such as warfarin continue to be used extensively for stroke prevention across the world. While effective in reducing ... Full text Link to item Cite

Effects of albiglutide on myocardial infarction and ischemic heart disease outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease in the Harmony Outcomes trial.

Journal Article Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Pharmacother · January 25, 2024 AIMS: Large outcome trials have demonstrated cardiovascular benefits of selected glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists. We examined coronary disease outcomes in the Harmony Outcomes trial of the GLP-1 receptor agonist albiglutide. METHODS AND R ... Full text Link to item Cite

Apixaban for Stroke Prevention in Subclinical Atrial Fibrillation.

Journal Article N Engl J Med · January 11, 2024 BACKGROUND: Subclinical atrial fibrillation is short-lasting and asymptomatic and can usually be detected only by long-term continuous monitoring with pacemakers or defibrillators. Subclinical atrial fibrillation is associated with an increased risk of str ... Full text Link to item Cite

Sacubitril/valsartan compared to ramipril in high-risk post-myocardial infarction patients stratified according to use of mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists: Insight from the PARADISE MI trial.

Journal Article Eur J Heart Fail · January 2024 AIM: It is unknown whether safety and clinical endpoints by use of sacubitril/valsartan (an angiotensin receptor-neprilysin inhibitor [ARNI]) are affected by mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (MRA) in high-risk myocardial infarction (MI) patients. The ... Full text Link to item Cite

Comparing the long-term outcomes in chronic coronary syndrome patients with prior ST-segment and non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction: findings from the TIGRIS registry.

Journal Article BMJ Open · December 18, 2023 OBJECTIVES: Compared with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients, non-STEMI (NSTEMI) patients have more comorbidities and extensive coronary artery disease. Contemporary comparative data on the long-term prognosis of stable post-myocar ... Full text Link to item Cite

Atrial Fibrillation In Patients With Stroke Attributed to Large- or Small-Vessel Disease: 3-Year Results From the STROKE AF Randomized Clinical Trial.

Journal Article JAMA Neurol · December 1, 2023 IMPORTANCE: The STROKE AF study found that in patients with prior ischemic stroke attributed to large-artery atherosclerotic disease (LAD) or small-vessel occlusive disease (SVD), 12% developed AF over 1 year when monitored with an insertable cardiac monit ... Full text Link to item Cite

Lead Extraction and Mortality Among Patients With Cardiac Implanted Electronic Device Infection.

Journal Article JAMA Cardiol · December 1, 2023 IMPORTANCE: Complete hardware removal is a class I recommendation for cardiovascular implantable electronic device (CIED) infection, but practice patterns and outcomes remain unknown. OBJECTIVE: To quantify the number of Medicare patients with CIED infecti ... Full text Link to item Cite

Heart rate and death and hospitalization for heart failure in patients with persistent or permanent atrial fibrillation: Insights from the ARISTOTLE trial.

Journal Article Am Heart J · November 2023 Rate control is fundamental in the treatment of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). The independent association of heart rate with outcomes and range of heart rate associated with best outcomes remains uncertain. We assessed the relationship between he ... Full text Link to item Cite

Comparison of the effects of the GPIIb-IIIa antagonist Zalunfiban and the P2Y12 antagonist Selatogrel on Platelet Aggregation.

Journal Article J Thromb Thrombolysis · November 2023 Understanding the pharmacodynamic effects of platelet inhibitors is standard for developing more effective antithrombotic therapies. An example is the antithrombotic treatment of acute coronary syndrome (ACS), in particular ST-elevated myocardial infarctio ... Full text Link to item Cite

Long-Term Quality of Life After Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.

Journal Article JAMA Cardiol · November 1, 2023 IMPORTANCE: Allocating resources to increase survival after cardiac arrest requires survivors to have a good quality of life, but long-term data are lacking. OBJECTIVE: To determine the quality of life of survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest from 20 ... Full text Link to item Cite

Rationale and design of a randomized study comparing the Watchman FLX device to DOACs in patients with atrial fibrillation.

Journal Article Am Heart J · October 2023 BACKGROUND: Percutaneous left atrial appendage (LAA) closure (LAAC) was developed as a nonpharmacologic alternative to oral anticoagulants (OACs) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) who are at an increased risk for stroke or systemic embolism. The Wa ... Full text Link to item Cite

Sex Differences in Clinical Characteristics and Outcomes After Myocardial Infarction With Low Ejection Fraction: Insights From PARADISE-MI.

Journal Article J Am Heart Assoc · September 5, 2023 Background Studies demonstrated sex differences in outcomes following acute myocardial infarction, with women more likely to develop heart failure (HF). Sacubitril/valsartan has been shown to reduce cardiovascular death and HF hospitalizations in patients ... Full text Link to item Cite

Bridging Treatment Implementation Gaps in Patients With Heart Failure: JACC Focus Seminar 2/3.

Journal Article J Am Coll Cardiol · August 8, 2023 Heart failure (HF) is a leading cause of death and disability in older adults. Despite decades of high-quality evidence to support their use, guideline-directed medical therapies (GDMTs) that reduce death and disease burden in HF have been suboptimally imp ... Full text Link to item Cite

Geographic differences in patients with acute myocardial infarction in the PARADISE-MI trial.

Journal Article Eur J Heart Fail · August 2023 AIM: The globalization of clinical trials has highlighted geographic differences in patient characteristics, treatments, and outcomes. We examined these differences in PARADISE-MI. METHODS AND RESULTS: Overall, 23.0% were randomized in Eastern Europe/Russi ... Full text Link to item Cite

Prepercutaneous coronary intervention Zalunfiban dose-response relationship to target vessel blood flow at initial angiogram in st-elevation myocardial infarction - A post hoc analysis of the cel-02 phase IIa study.

Journal Article Am Heart J · August 2023 BACKGROUND: Zalunfiban (RUC-4) is a novel, subcutaneously administered glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor (GPI) designed for prehospital treatment to initiate reperfusion in the infarct-related artery (IRA) before primary percutaneous coronary intervention in ... Full text Link to item Cite

Pragmatic guidance for embedding pragmatic clinical trials in health plans: Large simple trials aren't so simple.

Journal Article Clin Trials · August 2023 BACKGROUND: There are unique opportunities related to the design and conduct of pragmatic trials embedded in health insurance plans, which have longitudinal data on member/patient demographics, dates of coverage, and reimbursed medical care, including pres ... Full text Link to item Cite

GLP-1 Receptor Agonist Therapy With and Without SGLT2 Inhibitors in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes.

Journal Article Journal of the American College of Cardiology · August 2023 BackgroundSodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors and GLP-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RAs) reduce adverse cardiovascular outcomes in type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, the efficacy of combination therapy is unclear.ObjectivesThe aim ... Full text Cite

Long-term outcomes among stable post-acute myocardial infarction patients living in rural versus urban areas: insights from the prospective, observational TIGRIS registry.

Journal Article Open Heart · August 2023 BACKGROUND: Insights on the differences in clinical outcomes, quality of life (QoL) and health resource utilisation (HRU) with different levels of care available to post-acute myocardial infarction (AMI) populations in rural and urban settings are limited. ... Full text Link to item Cite

Race-Based Differences in ST-Segment-Elevation Myocardial Infarction Process Metrics and Mortality From 2015 Through 2021: An Analysis of 178 062 Patients From the American Heart Association Get With The Guidelines-Coronary Artery Disease Registry.

Journal Article Circulation · July 18, 2023 BACKGROUND: Systems of care have been developed across the United States to standardize care processes and improve outcomes in patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). The effect of contemporary STEMI systems of care on racial and ... Full text Link to item Cite

Cardiovascular Safety of Testosterone-Replacement Therapy.

Journal Article N Engl J Med · July 13, 2023 BACKGROUND: The cardiovascular safety of testosterone-replacement therapy in middle-aged and older men with hypogonadism has not been determined. METHODS: In a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, noninferiority trial, we enrolled 524 ... Full text Link to item Cite

Plasma angiopoietin-2 and its association with heart failure in patients with atrial fibrillation.

Journal Article Europace · July 4, 2023 AIMS: Several biomarkers are associated with clinical outcomes in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), but a causal relationship has not been established. This study aimed to evaluate angiopoietin-2, a novel candidate biomarker of endothelial inflammati ... Full text Link to item Cite

Individual net clinical outcome with oral anticoagulation in atrial fibrillation using the ABC-AF risk scores.

Journal Article Am Heart J · July 2023 BACKGROUND: Decisions on stroke prevention strategies in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) depend on the perceived risks of stroke and bleeding with different antithrombotic treatment strategies. The study objectives were to evaluate net clinical outc ... Full text Link to item Cite

Direct Oral Anticoagulants Versus Warfarin Across the Spectrum of Kidney Function: Patient-Level Network Meta-Analyses From COMBINE AF.

Journal Article Circulation · June 2023 BackgroundThere is uncertainty surrounding the use of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) in patients with kidney dysfunction.MethodsUsing the COMBINE AF (A Collaboration Between Multiple Institutions to Better Investigate Non-Vitamin K An ... Full text Cite

Outcomes of patients with atrial fibrillation and ischemic stroke while on oral anticoagulation.

Journal Article Eur Heart J · May 21, 2023 AIMS: The prognosis of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and ischemic stroke while taking oral anticoagulation is poorly understood. This study aimed to characterize the outcomes of patients following a stroke event while on oral anticoagulation. METH ... Full text Link to item Cite

Clinical consequences of off-label reduced dosing of non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants in patients with atrial fibrillation: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Journal Article Open Heart · May 2023 OBJECTIVE: Postmarketing observational studies report that a substantial percentage of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) receive a reduced non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulant (NOAC) dose without a clear indication. Recently, increasing evidenc ... Full text Link to item Cite

Prognostic Importance of NT-proBNP (N-Terminal Pro-B-Type Natriuretic Peptide) Following High-Risk Myocardial Infarction in the PARADISE-MI Trial.

Journal Article Circ Heart Fail · May 2023 BACKGROUND: NT-proBNP (N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide) is a potent predictor of death and heart failure (HF) across multiple populations. We evaluated the prognostic importance of NT-proBNP in patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) compl ... Full text Link to item Cite

Coordinated Care to Optimize Cardiovascular Preventive Therapies in Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Journal Article JAMA · April 18, 2023 IMPORTANCE: Evidence-based therapies to reduce atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease risk in adults with type 2 diabetes are underused in clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of a coordinated, multifaceted intervention of assessment, educati ... Full text Link to item Cite

Early Lead Extraction for Infected Implanted Cardiac Electronic Devices: JACC Review Topic of the Week.

Journal Article J Am Coll Cardiol · April 4, 2023 Infection remains a serious complication associated with the cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs), leading to substantial clinical and economic burden globally. This review assesses the burden of cardiac implantable electronic device infection (C ... Full text Link to item Cite

Lipid-lowering treatment among older patients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease.

Journal Article J Am Geriatr Soc · April 2023 BACKGROUND: The contemporary uptake of lipid-lowering therapies (LLT), including more intensive treatment with high-intensity statins and non-statin LLT, among U.S. older adults (≥75 years old) with ASCVD is unknown. METHODS: In this multicenter retrospect ... Full text Link to item Cite

Targeted Temperature Management After Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest: Integrating Evidence Into Real World Practice.

Journal Article Can J Cardiol · April 2023 Targeted temperature management (TTM) after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) has been a focus of debate in an attempt to improve post-arrest outcomes. Contemporary trials examining the role of TTM after cardiac arrest suggest that targeting normotherm ... Full text Link to item Cite

Prehospital treatment with zalunfiban (RUC-4) in patients with ST- elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention: Rationale and design of the CELEBRATE trial.

Journal Article Am Heart J · April 2023 BACKGROUND: Early and complete restoration of target vessel patency in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is associated with improved outcomes. Oral P2Y12 inhibitors have failed to demonstrate either improved patency or reduced mortality when admin ... Full text Link to item Cite

Neuroprognostication in the Post Cardiac Arrest Patient: A Canadian Cardiovascular Society Position Statement.

Journal Article The Canadian journal of cardiology · April 2023 Cardiac arrest (CA) is associated with a low rate of survival with favourable neurologic recovery. The most common mechanism of death after successful resuscitation from CA is withdrawal of life-sustaining measures on the basis of perceived poor neurologic ... Full text Cite

Clinical Evaluation of Factor XIa Inhibitor Drugs: JACC Review Topic of the Week.

Journal Article J Am Coll Cardiol · February 28, 2023 Factor XI/XIa (FXI/FXIa) represents a potential target for improved precision in anticoagulation because it is involved primarily in thrombus formation and plays a much smaller role in clotting and hemostasis. This suggests that the inhibition of FXI/XIa c ... Full text Link to item Cite

Coordinating Cardiology clinics randomized trial of interventions to improve outcomes (COORDINATE) - Diabetes: rationale and design.

Journal Article Am Heart J · February 2023 Several medications that are proven to reduce cardiovascular events exist for individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, however they are substantially underused in clinical practice. Clinician, patient, an ... Full text Link to item Cite

Characteristics, therapies, and outcomes of In-Hospital vs Out-of-Hospital cardiac arrest in patients presenting to cardiac intensive care units: From the critical care Cardiology trials network (CCCTN).

Journal Article Resuscitation · February 2023 BACKGROUND: Cardiac arrest (CA) is a common reason for admission to the cardiac intensive care unit (CICU), though the relative burden of morbidity, mortality, and resource use between admissions with in-hospital (IH) and out-of-hospital (OH) CA is unknown ... Full text Link to item Cite

Bone morphogenetic protein 10: a novel risk marker of ischaemic stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation.

Journal Article Eur Heart J · January 14, 2023 AIMS: Biomarkers specifically related to atrial tissue may increase the understanding of the pathophysiology of atrial fibrillation (AF) and further improve risk prediction in this setting. Bone morphogenetic protein 10 (BMP10) is a protein expressed in th ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Predictors of Atrial Fibrillation in Patients With Stroke Attributed to Large- or Small-Vessel Disease: A Prespecified Secondary Analysis of the STROKE AF Randomized Clinical Trial.

Journal Article JAMA Neurol · January 1, 2023 IMPORTANCE: The Stroke of Known Cause and Underlying Atrial Fibrillation (STROKE AF) trial found that approximately 1 in 8 patients with recent ischemic stroke attributed to large- or small-vessel disease had poststroke atrial fibrillation (AF) detected by ... Full text Link to item Cite

Apixaban for Patients With Atrial Fibrillation on Hemodialysis: A Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial.

Journal Article Circulation · December 6, 2022 BACKGROUND: There are no randomized data evaluating the safety or efficacy of apixaban for stroke prevention in patients with end-stage kidney disease on hemodialysis and with atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS: The RENAL-AF trial (Renal Hemodialysis Patien ... Full text Link to item Cite

The Effects of Angiotensin Receptor-Neprilysin Inhibition on Major Coronary Events in Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction: Insights From the PARADISE-MI Trial.

Journal Article Circulation · December 6, 2022 BACKGROUND: In patients who survive an acute myocardial infarction (AMI), angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors decrease the risk of subsequent major cardiovascular events. Whether angiotensin-receptor blockade and neprilysin inhibition with sacubitril/ ... Full text Link to item Cite

RNA-targeted therapeutics in cardiovascular disease: the time is now.

Journal Article European heart journal. Cardiovascular pharmacotherapy · December 2022 Ribonucleic acid (RNA)-targeted therapeutics, including antisense oligonucleotide technologies as well as small interfering RNAs (siRNAs), represent a new class of medications that may overcome several of the disadvantages of small molecule drugs or monocl ... Full text Cite

Multimorbidity, functional impairment, and mortality in older patients stable after prior acute myocardial infarction: Insights from the TIGRIS registry.

Journal Article Clin Cardiol · December 2022 BACKGROUND: Data on the association of multimorbidity and functional impairment with cardiovascular (CV) and non-CV outcomes among older myocardial infarction (MI) patients are limited. HYPOTHESIS: Multimorbidity and functional impairment among older MI pa ... Full text Link to item Cite

In older men, an invitation for comprehensive CV screening did not reduce death at 5.6 y.

Journal Article Ann Intern Med · December 2022 Lindholt JS, Søgaard R, Rasmussen LM, et al. Five-year outcomes of the Danish Cardiovascular Screening (DANCAVAS) trial. N Engl J Med. 2022;387:1385-94. 36027560. ... Full text Link to item Cite

The development of a mobile app-focused deduplication strategy for the Apple Heart Study that informs recommendations for future digital trials.

Journal Article Stat (Int Stat Inst) · December 2022 An app-based clinical trial enrolment process can contribute to duplicated records, carrying data management implications. Our objective was to identify duplicated records in real time in the Apple Heart Study (AHS). We leveraged personal identifiable info ... Full text Link to item Cite

Treatment Time and In-Hospital Mortality Among Patients With ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction, 2018-2021.

Journal Article JAMA · November 2022 ImportanceRecognizing the association between timely treatment and less myocardial injury for patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), US national guidelines recommend specific treatment-time goals.ObjectiveTo des ... Full text Cite

Oral Presentation No. 53 Dose-related preprocedural patency of the infarct-related artery after zalunfiban (RUC-4) administration upon arrival at the catheterization laboratory in ST-elevation myocardial infarction: insights from the phase IIa study

Conference Cardiovascular Research · October 21, 2022 AbstractBackgroundThe importance of time to reperfusion after ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is well established. Pre-hosp ... Full text Cite

Pharmacogenomic study of heart failure and candesartan response from the CHARM programme.

Journal Article ESC Heart Fail · October 2022 AIMS: The Candesartan in Heart failure Assessment of Reduction in Mortality and morbidity (CHARM) programme consisted of three parallel, randomized, double-blind clinical trials comparing candesartan with placebo in patients with heart failure (HF) categor ... Full text Link to item Cite

The Association of Digital Health Application Use With Heart Failure Care and Outcomes: Insights From CONNECT-HF.

Journal Article J Card Fail · October 2022 BACKGROUND: It is unknown whether digital applications can improve guideline-directed medical therapy (GDMT) and outcomes in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). METHODS AND RESULTS: Care Optimization Through Patient and Hospital Engagemen ... Full text Link to item Cite

Sacubitril/valsartan versus ramipril for patients with acute myocardial infarction: win-ratio analysis of the PARADISE-MI trial.

Journal Article Eur J Heart Fail · October 2022 AIM: The win ratio can incorporate different types of outcomes and enhance statistical power, making it a useful method for analysing composite outcomes in cardiovascular trials. The application of this approach to the PARADISE-MI trial provides an additio ... Full text Link to item Cite

Health System Redesign of Cardiac Monitoring Oversight to Optimize Alarm Management, Safety, and Staff Engagement.

Journal Article J Nurs Adm · October 1, 2022 OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this quality improvement project was to improve health system patient safety by creating a cardiac monitoring structure aligned with national standards. BACKGROUND: Excessive alarms pose patient safety threats and are often false ... Full text Link to item Cite

Incidence and Predictors of Adverse Events Among Initially Stable ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction Patients Following Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

Journal Article J Am Heart Assoc · September 6, 2022 Background Cardiac intensive care units were originally created in the prerevascularization era for the early recognition of ventricular arrhythmias following a myocardial infarction. Many patients with stable ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (ST ... Full text Link to item Cite

Morphine and clinical outcomes in patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction treated with fibrinolytic and antiplatelet therapy: Insights from the TREAT trial.

Journal Article Am Heart J · September 2022 BACKGROUND: Morphine is commonly used to relieve pain, anxiety and dyspnea in STEMI but it lowers blood pressure and delays the activity of oral antiplatelet agents. The impact of morphine on clinical outcomes remains unknown. This analysis was performed t ... Full text Link to item Cite

Biomarkers and heart failure events in patients with atrial fibrillation in the ARISTOTLE trial evaluated by a multi-state model.

Journal Article Am Heart J · September 2022 BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) and heart failure (HF) often coexist. We investigated the prognostic impact of biomarkers on the development of HF and death in patients with AF and different left ventricular systolic function considering the influence ... Full text Link to item Cite

Health System-Level Performance in Prescribing Guideline-Directed Medical Therapy for Patients With Heart Failure With Reduced Ejection Fraction: Results From the CONNECT-HF Trial.

Journal Article J Card Fail · August 2022 BACKGROUND: Health system-level interventions to improve use of guideline-directed medical therapy (GDMT) often fail in the acute care setting. We sought to identify factors associated with high performance in adoption of GDMT among health systems in CONNE ... Full text Link to item Cite

Using multimarker screening to identify biomarkers associated with cardiovascular death in patients with atrial fibrillation.

Journal Article Cardiovasc Res · July 20, 2022 AIMS: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with higher mortality. Biomarkers may improve the understanding of key pathophysiologic processes in AF that lead to death. Using a new multiplex analytic technique, we explored the association between 268 bioma ... Full text Link to item Cite

Discontinuing vs continuing ACEIs and ARBs in hospitalized patients with COVID-19 according to disease severity: Insights from the BRACE CORONA trial.

Journal Article Am Heart J · July 2022 BACKGROUND: We explored the effect of discontinuing versus continuing angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) and angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) on clinical outcomes in patients with COVID-19 according to baseline disease severity. METHOD ... Full text Link to item Cite

Apixaban or Warfarin and Aspirin or Placebo After Acute Coronary Syndrome or Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation and Prior Stroke: A Post Hoc Analysis From the AUGUSTUS Trial.

Journal Article JAMA Cardiol · July 1, 2022 IMPORTANCE: Data are limited regarding the risk of cerebrovascular ischemic events and major bleeding in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and recent acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and/or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). OBJECTIVE: Determine t ... Full text Link to item Cite

Targeted temperature management after out of hospital cardiac arrest: quo vadis?

Journal Article Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care · June 22, 2022 Targeted temperature management (TTM) has become a cornerstone in the treatment of comatose post-cardiac arrest patients over the last two decades. Belief in the efficacy of this intervention for improving neurologically intact survival was based on two tr ... Full text Link to item Cite

Clinical Outcomes in Patients With ST-Segment Elevation MI and No Standard Modifiable Cardiovascular Risk Factors.

Journal Article JACC Cardiovasc Interv · June 13, 2022 BACKGROUND: The author recently reported ∼50% excess early mortality in patients with first-presentation ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) without standard modifiable cardiovascular risk factors (SMuRFs); the cause of this is not clear. OB ... Full text Link to item Cite

Predictors of Recurrent Stroke After Embolic Stroke of Undetermined Source in the RE-SPECT ESUS Trial.

Journal Article J Am Heart Assoc · June 7, 2022 Background We sought to determine recurrent stroke predictors among patients with embolic strokes of undetermined source (ESUS). Methods and Results We applied Cox proportional hazards models to identify clinical features associated with recurrent stroke a ... Full text Link to item Cite

High-Intensity Statin Use Among Patients With Atherosclerosis in the U.S.

Journal Article J Am Coll Cardiol · May 10, 2022 BACKGROUND: Preventive therapy among patients with established atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) is generally underused. Whether new guideline recommendations and a focus on implementation have improved the use of high-intensity statins is unk ... Full text Link to item Cite

Heterogeneity of diabetes as a risk factor for major adverse cardiovascular events in anticoagulated patients with atrial fibrillation: an analysis of the ARISTOTLE trial.

Journal Article Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Pharmacother · May 5, 2022 AIMS: Whether diabetes without insulin therapy is an independent cardiovascular (CV) risk factor in atrial fibrillation (AF) has recently been questioned. We investigated the prognostic relevance of diabetes with or without insulin treatment in patients in ... Full text Link to item Cite

Lessons learned in the Apple Heart Study and implications for the data management of future digital clinical trials.

Journal Article J Biopharm Stat · May 4, 2022 The digital clinical trial is fast emerging as a pragmatic trial that can improve a trial's design including recruitment and retention, data collection and analytics. To that end, digital platforms such as electronic health records or wearable technologies ... Full text Link to item Cite

Effect of Mailing Educational Material to Patients With Atrial Fibrillation and Their Clinicians on Use of Oral Anticoagulants: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Journal Article JAMA Netw Open · May 2, 2022 IMPORTANCE: Only about half of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) who are at increased risk for stroke are treated with an oral anticoagulant (OAC), despite guideline recommendations for their use. Educating patients with AF about prevention of stroke ... Full text Link to item Cite

Novel multi-marker proteomics in phenotypically matched patients with ST-segment myocardial infarction: association with clinical outcomes.

Journal Article J Thromb Thrombolysis · May 2022 Early prediction of significant morbidity or mortality in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) represents an unmet clinical need. In phenotypically matched population of 139 STEMI patients (72 cases, 67 controls) treated w ... Full text Link to item Cite

Guidelines for Cardiovascular Risk Reduction in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes: JACC Guideline Comparison.

Journal Article Journal of the American College of Cardiology · May 2022 Cardiovascular disease is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus. These high-risk patients benefit from aggressive risk factor management, with blood pressure and low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol treatmen ... Full text Cite

In older persons at risk for dementia, a multidomain approach reduced stroke and transient ischemic attack.

Journal Article Ann Intern Med · May 2022 Lehtisalo J, Rusanen M, Solomon A, et al. Effect of a multi-domain lifestyle intervention on cardiovascular risk in older people: the FINGER trial. Eur Heart J. 2022. [Epub ahead of print.] 35051281. ... Full text Link to item Cite

Determinants of long-term dual antiplatelet therapy use in post myocardial infarction patients: Insights from the TIGRIS registry.

Journal Article J Cardiol · April 2022 BACKGROUND: Patterns of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) use beyond 1 year post-myocardial infarction (MI) have not been well studied. METHODS: TIGRIS (NCT01866904) was a prospective, multi-center (369 centers in 24 countries), observational study of patie ... Full text Link to item Cite

Effects of long-term testosterone treatment on cardiovascular outcomes in men with hypogonadism: Rationale and design of the TRAVERSE study.

Journal Article Am Heart J · March 2022 BACKGROUND: Testosterone exerts some effects on the cardiovascular system that could be considered beneficial; some other effects may potentially increase the risk of cardiovascular (CV) events. Neither the long-term efficacy nor safety of testosterone tre ... Full text Link to item Cite

Antithrombotic Therapy in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation After Acute Coronary Syndromes or Percutaneous Intervention.

Journal Article J Am Coll Cardiol · February 8, 2022 BACKGROUND: The use of apixaban instead of vitamin K antagonists (VKA) as well as dropping aspirin results in less bleeding and comparable ischemic events in patients with atrial fibrillation and acute coronary syndrome and/or percutaneous coronary interve ... Full text Link to item Cite

Impact of prior oral anticoagulant use and outcomes on patients from secondary analysis in the AUGUSTUS trial.

Journal Article Open Heart · February 2022 OBJECTIVE: Managing antithrombotic therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and/or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is challenging and can be affected by prior oral anticoagulant (OAC) treatment. We exa ... Full text Link to item Cite

Use of Lipid-, Blood Pressure-, and Glucose-Lowering Pharmacotherapy in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes and Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease.

Journal Article JAMA Netw Open · February 1, 2022 IMPORTANCE: Based on contemporary estimates in the US, evidence-based therapies for cardiovascular risk reduction are generally underused among patients with type 2 diabetes and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). OBJECTIVE: To determine the us ... Full text Link to item Cite

Direct Oral Anticoagulants Versus Warfarin in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation: Patient-Level Network Meta-Analyses of Randomized Clinical Trials With Interaction Testing by Age and Sex.

Journal Article Circulation · January 25, 2022 BACKGROUND: Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) are preferred over warfarin for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation. Meta-analyses using individual patient data offer substantial advantages over study-level data. METHODS: We used individual patient dat ... Full text Link to item Cite

Genetic determinants of apixaban plasma levels and their relationship to bleeding and thromboembolic events.

Journal Article Front Genet · 2022 Apixaban is a direct oral anticoagulant, a factor Xa inhibitor, used for the prevention of ischemic stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation. Despite using recommended dosing a few patients might still experience bleeding or lack of efficacy that might ... Full text Link to item Cite

Pre-Hospital Antiplatelet Therapy for STEMI Patients Undergoing Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: What We Know and What Lies Ahead.

Journal Article Thromb Haemost · December 2021 Early recanalization of the infarct-related artery to achieve myocardial reperfusion is the primary therapeutic goal in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). To decrease the duration of ischaemia, continuous efforts have been made to im ... Full text Link to item Cite

Atrial fibrillation and clinical outcomes 1 to 3 years after myocardial infarction.

Journal Article Open Heart · December 2021 OBJECTIVE: Atrial fibrillation (AF) and myocardial infarction (MI) are commonly comorbid and associated with adverse outcomes. Little is known about the impact of AF on quality of life and outcomes post-MI. We compared characteristics, quality of life and ... Full text Link to item Cite

Predictors of Atrial Fibrillation Development in Patients With Embolic Stroke of Undetermined Source: An Analysis of the RE-SPECT ESUS Trial.

Conference Circulation · November 30, 2021 BACKGROUND: A proportion of patients with embolic stroke of undetermined source have silent atrial fibrillation (AF) or develop AF after the initial evaluation. Better understanding of the risk for development of AF is critical to implement optimal monitor ... Full text Link to item Cite

Angiotensin Receptor-Neprilysin Inhibition in Acute Myocardial Infarction.

Journal Article N Engl J Med · November 11, 2021 BACKGROUND: In patients with symptomatic heart failure, sacubitril-valsartan has been found to reduce the risk of hospitalization and death from cardiovascular causes more effectively than an angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitor. Trials comparing the ef ... Full text Link to item Cite

Antiplatelet therapy in patients with myocardial infarction without obstructive coronary artery disease.

Journal Article Heart · November 2021 OBJECTIVE: Approximately 10% of patients with myocardial infarction (MI) have no obstructive coronary artery disease. The prognosis and role of intensified antiplatelet therapy in those patients were evaluated. METHODS: We analysed data from the Clopidogre ... Full text Link to item Cite

Multiplex protein screening of biomarkers associated with major bleeding in patients with atrial fibrillation treated with oral anticoagulation.

Journal Article J Thromb Haemost · November 2021 BACKGROUND: Oral anticoagulants (OAC) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) prevent thromboembolic events, but are associated with significant risk of bleeding. OBJECTIVES: To explore associations between a wide range of biomarkers and bleeding risk in ... Full text Link to item Cite

Race Differences in Interventions and Survival After Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest in North Carolina, 2010 to 2014.

Journal Article J Am Heart Assoc · September 7, 2021 Background Following the implementation of the HeartRescue project, with interventions in the community, emergency medical services, and hospitals to improve care and outcomes for out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA) in North Carolina, improved bystander ... Full text Link to item Cite

Pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and tolerability of subcutaneous administration of a novel glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor, RUC-4, in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.

Journal Article EuroIntervention · August 6, 2021 BACKGROUND: Pre-hospital platelet inhibition in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) may improve outcomes. RUC-4 is a novel, second-generation glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor designed for first-point-of-medical-contact treatment ... Full text Link to item Cite

Developing and validating models to predict sudden death and pump failure death in patients with heart failure and preserved ejection fraction.

Journal Article Clin Res Cardiol · August 2021 BACKGROUND: Sudden death (SD) and pump failure death (PFD) are leading modes of death in heart failure and preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Risk stratification for mode-specific death may aid in patient enrichment for new device trials in HFpEF. METHOD ... Full text Link to item Cite

Reexamination of the Embolic Stroke of Undetermined Source Concept.

Journal Article Stroke · August 2021 Occult atrial fibrillation (AF) is a leading cause of stroke of unclear cause. The optimal approach to secondary stroke prevention for these patients remains elusive. The term embolic stroke of undetermined source (ESUS) was coined to describe ischemic str ... Full text Link to item Cite

Effect of a Hospital and Postdischarge Quality Improvement Intervention on Clinical Outcomes and Quality of Care for Patients With Heart Failure With Reduced Ejection Fraction: The CONNECT-HF Randomized Clinical Trial.

Journal Article JAMA · July 27, 2021 IMPORTANCE: Adoption of guideline-directed medical therapy for patients with heart failure is variable. Interventions to improve guideline-directed medical therapy have failed to consistently achieve target metrics, and limited data exist to inform efforts ... Full text Link to item Cite

Incorporating SGLT2i and GLP-1RA for Cardiovascular and Kidney Disease Risk Reduction: Call for Action to the Cardiology Community.

Journal Article Circulation · July 2021 Multiple sodium glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors (SGLT-2i) and glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RA) have been shown to impart significant cardiovascular and kidney benefits, but are underused in clinical practice. Both SGLT-2i and GLP-1RA ... Full text Cite

Assessment of North American Clinical Research Site Performance During the Start-up of Large Cardiovascular Clinical Trials.

Journal Article JAMA Netw Open · July 1, 2021 IMPORTANCE: Randomized clinical trials (RCTs) are critical in advancing patient care, yet conducting such large-scale trials requires tremendous resources and coordination. Clinical site start-up performance metrics can provide insight into opportunities f ... Full text Link to item Cite

Prospective ARNI vs. ACE inhibitor trial to DetermIne Superiority in reducing heart failure Events after Myocardial Infarction (PARADISE-MI): design and baseline characteristics.

Journal Article Eur J Heart Fail · June 2021 AIMS: Patients surviving an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are at risk of developing symptomatic heart failure (HF) or premature death. We hypothesized that sacubitril/valsartan, effective in the treatment of chronic HF, prevents development of HF and r ... Full text Link to item Cite

Effect of Long-term Continuous Cardiac Monitoring vs Usual Care on Detection of Atrial Fibrillation in Patients With Stroke Attributed to Large- or Small-Vessel Disease: The STROKE-AF Randomized Clinical Trial.

Journal Article JAMA · June 2021 ImportancePatients with ischemic stroke attributed to large- or small-vessel disease are not considered at high risk for atrial fibrillation (AF), and the AF incidence rate in this population is unknown.ObjectivesTo determine whether long ... Full text Cite

The SAMSON trial: using a placebo to improve medication tolerability.

Journal Article Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Pharmacother · May 23, 2021 Full text Link to item Cite

Premature permanent discontinuation of apixaban or warfarin in patients with atrial fibrillation.

Journal Article Heart · May 2021 AIMS: The ARISTOTLE (Apixaban for Reduction in Stroke and Other Thromboembolic Events in Atrial Fibrillation) trial randomised patients with atrial fibrillation at risk of stroke to apixaban or warfarin. We sought to describe patients from ARISTOTLE who pr ... Full text Link to item Cite

LOW-HARM score predicted mortality in patients hospitalized with COVID-19 in Mexico.

Journal Article Ann Intern Med · May 2021 Soto-Mota A, Marfil-Garza BA, Martinez Rodriguez E, et al. The low-harm score for predicting mortality in patients diagnosed with COVID-19: a multicentric validation study. J Am Coll Emerg Physicians Open. 2020;1:1436-43. 33230506. ... Full text Link to item Cite

Assessing the Role of Rare Genetic Variation in Patients With Heart Failure.

Journal Article JAMA Cardiol · April 1, 2021 IMPORTANCE: Sequencing studies have identified causal genetic variants for distinct subtypes of heart failure (HF) such as hypertrophic or dilated cardiomyopathy. However, the role of rare, high-impact variants in HF, for which ischemic heart disease is th ... Full text Link to item Cite

Apixaban or Vitamin K Antagonists and Aspirin or Placebo According to Kidney Function in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation After Acute Coronary Syndrome or Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: Insights From the AUGUSTUS Trial.

Journal Article Circulation · March 23, 2021 BACKGROUND: In the AUGUSTUS trial (An Open-Label, 2×2 Factorial, Randomized Controlled, Clinical Trial to Evaluate the Safety of Apixaban Versus Vitamin K Antagonist and Aspirin Versus Aspirin Placebo in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation and Acute Coronary ... Full text Link to item Cite

Individual Patient Data from the Pivotal Randomized Controlled Trials of Non-Vitamin K Antagonist Oral Anticoagulants in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation (COMBINE AF): Design and Rationale: From the COMBINE AF (A Collaboration between Multiple institutions to Better Investigate Non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulant use in Atrial Fibrillation) Investigators.

Journal Article Am Heart J · March 2021 BACKGROUND: Non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are the preferred class of medications for prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with atrial fibrillation unless contraindications exist. Five large, international, randomize ... Full text Link to item Cite

Risk markers of incident atrial fibrillation in patients with coronary heart disease.

Journal Article Am Heart J · March 2021 BACKGROUND: In patients with coronary heart disease (CHD), atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. We investigated the associations between clinical risk factors and biomarkers with incident AF in patients with CHD. M ... Full text Link to item Cite

Dabigatran or Aspirin After Embolic Stroke of Undetermined Source in Patients With Patent Foramen Ovale: Results From RE-SPECT ESUS.

Journal Article Stroke · March 2021 BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Patent foramen ovale (PFO) may increase the risk of embolic stroke of undetermined source (ESUS). Guidelines suggest anticoagulation may be more effective than antiplatelets in preventing stroke in patients with ESUS and PFO when in ... Full text Link to item Cite

Evaluation of the prognostic value of GDF-15, ABC-AF-bleeding score and ABC-AF-death score in patients with atrial fibrillation across different geographical areas.

Journal Article Open Heart · March 2021 OBJECTIVES: Growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF-15) is a biomarker independently associated with bleeding and death in anticoagulated patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). GDF-15 is also used as one component in the more precise biomarker-based ABC (ag ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Antithrombotic Therapy in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Treated With Oral Anticoagulation Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: A North American Perspective: 2021 Update.

Journal Article Circulation · February 9, 2021 A growing number of patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with stent implantation also have atrial fibrillation. This poses challenges for their optimal antithrombotic management because patients with atrial fibrillation undergoing P ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Time Delay, Infarct Size, and Microvascular Obstruction After Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for ST-Segment-Elevation Myocardial Infarction.

Journal Article Circ Cardiovasc Interv · February 2021 BACKGROUND: Symptom-to-balloon time (SBT) and door-to-balloon time (DBT) are both considered important metrics in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) for ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We sought to ass ... Full text Link to item Cite

Health-related quality of life 1-3 years post-myocardial infarction: its impact on prognosis.

Journal Article Open Heart · February 2021 OBJECTIVE: To assess associations of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) with patient profile, resource use, cardiovascular (CV) events and mortality in stable patients post-myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS: The global, prospective, observational TIG ... Full text Link to item Cite

Gaps in Evidence-Based Therapy Use in Insured Patients in the United States With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease.

Journal Article J Am Heart Assoc · January 19, 2021 Background Evidence-based therapies are generally underused for cardiovascular risk reduction; however, less is known about contemporary patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Methods and Results Pharmacy and med ... Full text Link to item Cite

Effect of Discontinuing vs Continuing Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors and Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers on Days Alive and Out of the Hospital in Patients Admitted With COVID-19: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Journal Article JAMA · January 19, 2021 IMPORTANCE: It is unknown whether angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) or angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) have a positive, neutral, or negative effect on clinical outcomes in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). OBJECTIVE: ... Full text Link to item Cite

Screening of Multiple Biomarkers Associated With Ischemic Stroke in Atrial Fibrillation.

Journal Article J Am Heart Assoc · December 15, 2020 Background To explore the pathophysiological features of ischemic stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), we evaluated the association between 268 plasma proteins and subsequent ischemic stroke in 2 large AF cohorts receiving oral anticoagulation ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Diabetes association with self-reported health, resource utilization, and prognosis post-myocardial infarction.

Journal Article Clin Cardiol · December 2020 BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with increased cardiovascular (CV) risk. We compared health-related quality of life (HRQoL), healthcare resource utilization (HRU), and clinical outcomes of stable post-myocardial infarction (MI) patients wi ... Full text Link to item Cite

Management of Atrial Fibrillation in Older Patients by Morbidity Burden: Insights From Get With The Guidelines-Atrial Fibrillation.

Journal Article J Am Heart Assoc · December 2020 Background Knowledge is scarce regarding how multimorbidity is associated with therapeutic decisions regarding oral anticoagulants (OACs) in patients with atrial fibrillation. Methods and Results We conducted a cross-sectional study of hospitalized patient ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Use of hospital resources in the care of patients with intermediate risk pulmonary embolism.

Journal Article Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care · November 27, 2020 BACKGROUND: Risk stratification and management of hemodynamically stable pulmonary embolism remains challenging. Professional societies have published stratification schemes, but little is known about the management of patients with intermediate risk pulmo ... Full text Link to item Cite

Use of hospital resources in the care of patients with intermediate risk pulmonary embolism.

Journal Article Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care · November 27, 2020 BACKGROUND: Risk stratification and management of hemodynamically stable pulmonary embolism remains challenging. Professional societies have published stratification schemes, but little is known about the management of patients with intermediate risk pulmo ... Full text Link to item Cite

Abstract 236: Gender Disparities in Bystander CPR and Defibrillation Persist in Black and Hispanic Neighborhoods in the US

Conference Circulation · November 17, 2020 Introduction: Bystander CPR (B-CPR) and defibrillation for sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) vary by gender with females being less likely to receive these interventions. Despite known differences by race a ... Full text Cite

Influence of Clinical Trials of Acute Coronary Syndrome Beyond the Primary Hypothesis: A Systematic Review.

Journal Article JAMA Cardiol · November 1, 2020 IMPORTANCE: Conducting a clinical trial involves significant risks, time, and resources. The return on investment for these trials, measured by advancing health care and contributions to the scientific literature, is often uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To assess t ... Full text Link to item Cite

Underuse of oral anticoagulants in privately insured patients with atrial fibrillation: A population being targeted by the IMplementation of a randomized controlled trial to imProve treatment with oral AntiCoagulanTs in patients with Atrial Fibrillation (IMPACT-AFib).

Journal Article Am Heart J · November 2020 BACKGROUND: Many studies showing underuse of oral anticoagulants (OACs) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) predated the advent of the non-vitamin K antagonist OACs. We retrospectively examined use of OACs in a large commercially insured population. ... Full text Link to item Cite

Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) levels in relation to risk factors for COVID-19 in two large cohorts of patients with atrial fibrillation.

Journal Article Eur Heart J · November 1, 2020 AIMS: The global COVID-19 pandemic is caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus entering human cells using angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) as a cell surface receptor. ACE2 is shed to the circulation, and a higher plasma level of soluble ACE2 (sACE2) might refl ... Full text Link to item Cite

In ACS, ticagrelor and prasugrel each reduce some ischemic events but increase major bleeding vs. clopidogrel.

Journal Article Ann Intern Med · October 20, 2020 Navarese EP, Khan SU, Kolodziejczak M, et al. Comparative efficacy and safety of oral P2Y 12 inhibitors in acute coronary syndrome: network meta-analysis of 52 816 patients from 12 randomized trials. Circulation. 2020;142:150-60. 32468837. ... Full text Link to item Cite

Association of Different Estimates of Renal Function With Cardiovascular Mortality and Bleeding in Atrial Fibrillation.

Journal Article J Am Heart Assoc · September 15, 2020 Background We compared different methods of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and their association with cardiovascular death and major bleeding in 14 980 patients with atrial fibrillation in the ARISTOTLE (Apixaban for Reduction in Stroke and Ot ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Serial measurement of interleukin-6 and risk of mortality in anticoagulated patients with atrial fibrillation: Insights from ARISTOTLE and RE-LY trials.

Journal Article J Thromb Haemost · September 2020 BACKGROUND: The inflammatory biomarker interleukin-6 (IL-6) is associated with mortality in atrial fibrillation (AF). OBJECTIVE: To investigate if repeated IL-6 measurements improve the prognostication for stroke or systemic embolism, major bleeding, and m ... Full text Link to item Cite

Extracellular vesicles in atrial fibrillation and stroke.

Journal Article Thromb Res · September 2020 BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with a 5-fold increased risk of thromboembolic stroke. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) convey pathophysiological information and are possible biomarkers for risk of stroke. METHODS: EVs were measured in 836 p ... Full text Link to item Cite

Evaluation of the Age, Biomarkers, and Clinical History-Bleeding Risk Score in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation With Combined Aspirin and Anticoagulation Therapy Enrolled in the ARISTOTLE and RE-LY Trials.

Journal Article JAMA Netw Open · September 1, 2020 IMPORTANCE: Most patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and coronary artery disease have indications for preventing stroke with oral anticoagulation therapy and preventing myocardial infarction and stent thrombosis with platelet inhibition. OBJECTIVE: To e ... Full text Link to item Cite

Randomized Trials Versus Common Sense and Clinical Observation: JACC Review Topic of the Week.

Journal Article J Am Coll Cardiol · August 4, 2020 Concerns about the external validity of traditional randomized clinical trials (RCTs), together with the widespread availability of real-world data and advanced data analytic tools, have led to claims that common sense and clinical observation, rather than ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

A systematic review of randomized trials comparing double versus triple antithrombotic therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.

Journal Article Catheter Cardiovasc Interv · August 2020 BACKGROUND: Prior randomized controlled trials (RCT) evaluating the optimal antithrombotic therapies for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) have not been powered to evaluate ischemic outcomes. We comp ... Full text Link to item Cite

Effects of apixaban compared with warfarin as gain in event-free time - a novel assessment of the results of the ARISTOTLE trial.

Journal Article Eur J Prev Cardiol · August 2020 BACKGROUND: A novel approach to determine the effect of a treatment is to calculate the delay of event, which estimates the gain of event-free time. The aim of this study was to estimate gains in event-free time for stroke or systemic embolism, death, blee ... Full text Link to item Cite

Cardiac troponin is associated with cardiac outcomes in men and women with atrial fibrillation, insights from the ARISTOTLE trial.

Journal Article J Intern Med · August 2020 BACKGROUND: Cardiac troponin T (cTnT) and I (cTnI) concentrations provide strong prognostic information in anticoagulated patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Whether the associations between cardiac troponin concentrations and mortality and morbidity d ... Full text Link to item Cite

Continuing versus suspending angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers: Impact on adverse outcomes in hospitalized patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)--The BRACE CORONA Trial.

Journal Article Am Heart J · August 2020 Angiotensin-converting enzyme-2 (ACE2) expression may increase due to upregulation in patients using angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs). Because renin-angiotensin system blockers increase levels of ACE2 ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

A Critical Comparison of Canadian and International Guidelines Recommendations for Antiplatelet Therapy in Coronary Artery Disease.

Journal Article Can J Cardiol · August 2020 Antiplatelet therapy for patients with coronary artery disease has evolved dramatically over the last decade. P2Y12 inhibitors offering more potent and consistent platelet inhibition than clopidogrel are now widely available, dual antiplatelet therapy (DAP ... Full text Link to item Cite

Practical challenges in the conduct of pragmatic trials embedded in health plans: Lessons of IMPACT-AFib, an FDA-Catalyst trial.

Journal Article Clin Trials · August 2020 IMPACT-AFib was an 80,000-patient randomized clinical trial implemented by five US insurance companies (health plans) aimed at increasing the use of oral anticoagulants by individuals with atrial fibrillation who were at high risk of stroke and not on trea ... Full text Link to item Cite

Two-year outcomes among stable high-risk patients following acute MI. Insights from a global registry in 25 countries.

Journal Article Int J Cardiol · July 15, 2020 BACKGROUND: Evidence is lacking on long-term outcomes in unselected patients surviving the first year following myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS AND RESULTS: The TIGRIS (long-Term rIsk, clinical manaGement and healthcare Resource utilization of stable c ... Full text Link to item Cite

Novel Biomarkers, ST-Elevation Resolution, and Clinical Outcomes Following Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

Journal Article J Am Heart Assoc · July 7, 2020 Background Despite restoration of epicardial flow following primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI), microvascular reperfusion as reflected by ST-elevation resolution (ST-ER) resolution remains variable and its pathophysiology remains unclear. Me ... Full text Link to item Cite

Care and outcomes of urban and non-urban out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients during the HeartRescue Project in Washington state and North Carolina.

Journal Article Resuscitation · July 2020 AIM: We examined overall and temporal differences in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) care and outcomes by urban versus non-urban setting separately for North Carolina (NC) and Washington State (WA) during HeartRescue initiatives and associations of u ... Full text Link to item Cite

In patients with stable coronary heart disease, low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol levels < 70 mg/dL and glycosylated hemoglobin A1c < 7% are associated with lower major cardiovascular events.

Journal Article Am Heart J · July 2020 BACKGROUND: In patients with stable coronary heart disease, it is not known whether achievement of standard of care (SOC) targets in addition to evidence-based medicine (EBM) is associated with lower major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE): cardiovascul ... Full text Link to item Cite

Catheterization Laboratory Activation Time in Patients Transferred With ST-Segment-Elevation Myocardial Infarction: Insights From the Mission: Lifeline STEMI Accelerator-2 Project.

Journal Article Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes · July 2020 BACKGROUND: Catheterization laboratory (cath lab) activation time is a newly available process measure for patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction requiring inter-hospital transfers for primary percutaneous coronary intervention that refle ... Full text Link to item Cite

Transplant Center Variability in Organ Offer Acceptance and Mortality Among US Patients on the Heart Transplant Waitlist.

Journal Article JAMA Cardiol · June 1, 2020 IMPORTANCE: Under the current Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services guidelines, there is incentivization to optimize posttransplant outcomes regardless of mortality among patients on the waitlist and transplant rates; few data exist with regard to trans ... Full text Link to item Cite

Antithrombotic Treatment of Embolic Stroke of Undetermined Source: RE-SPECT ESUS Elderly and Renally Impaired Subgroups.

Journal Article Stroke · June 2020 Background and Purpose- The RE-SPECT ESUS trial (Randomized, Double-Blind, Evaluation in Secondary Stroke Prevention Comparing the Efficacy and Safety of the Oral Thrombin Inhibitor Dabigatran Etexilate Versus Acetylsalicylic Acid in Patients With Embolic ... Full text Link to item Cite

Risk/Benefit Tradeoff of Antithrombotic Therapy in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Early and Late After an Acute Coronary Syndrome or Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: Insights From AUGUSTUS.

Journal Article Circulation · May 19, 2020 BACKGROUND: In AUGUSTUS (Open-Label, 2×2 Factorial, Randomized, Controlled Clinical Trial to Evaluate the Safety of Apixaban vs Vitamin K Antagonist and Aspirin vs Aspirin Placebo in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation and Acute Coronary Syndrome and/or Perc ... Full text Link to item Cite

Prediction of Residual Risk by Ceramide-Phospholipid Score in Patients With Stable Coronary Heart Disease on Optimal Medical Therapy.

Journal Article J Am Heart Assoc · May 18, 2020 Background Identification of patients with stable coronary heart disease who are at significant residual risk could be helpful for targeted prevention. Our aim was to determine the prognostic value of the recently introduced ceramide- and phospholipid-base ... Full text Link to item Cite

Continuing versus suspending angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers: Impact on adverse outcomes in hospitalized patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).

Journal Article Am Heart J · May 13, 2020 Background: Angiotensin-converting enzyme-2 (ACE2) may increase due to upregulation in patients using angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB). Because renin-angiotensin system blockers increase levels of ACE2 ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Optimal Antithrombotic Regimens for Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: An Updated Network Meta-analysis.

Journal Article JAMA Cardiol · May 1, 2020 IMPORTANCE: Antithrombotic treatment in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) presents a balancing act with regard to bleeding and ischemic risks. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of 4 antithromb ... Full text Link to item Cite

Apixaban Versus Warfarin in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation and Advanced Chronic Kidney Disease.

Journal Article Circulation · April 28, 2020 BACKGROUND: Compared with the general population, patients with advanced chronic kidney disease have a >10-fold higher burden of atrial fibrillation. Limited data are available guiding the use of nonvitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants in this populati ... Full text Link to item Cite

Effect of Smoking on Outcomes of Primary PCI in Patients With STEMI.

Journal Article J Am Coll Cardiol · April 21, 2020 BACKGROUND: Smoking is a well-established risk factor for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI); however, once STEMI occurs, smoking has been associated with favorable short-term outcomes, an observation termed the "smoker's paradox." It has b ... Full text Link to item Cite

Implementation of Best Practices-Developing and Optimizing Regional Systems of Stroke Care: Design and Methodology.

Journal Article Am Heart J · April 2020 The AHA Guidelines recommend developing multi-tiered systems for the care of patients with acute stroke.1 An ideal stroke system of care should ensure that all patients receive the most efficient and timely care, regardless of how they first enter or acces ... Full text Link to item Cite

Oral Anticoagulation and Cardiovascular Outcomes in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation and End-Stage Renal Disease.

Journal Article J Am Coll Cardiol · March 24, 2020 BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is common in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). The impact of oral anticoagulation (OAC) in ESRD patients is uncertain. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to describe patterns of OAC use in ESRD patien ... Full text Link to item Cite

SACUBITRIL-VALSARTAN FOLLOWING HOSPITAL DISCHARGE FOR HEART FAILURE

Conference JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CARDIOLOGY · March 24, 2020 Link to item Cite

Outcomes Associated with Respiratory Failure for Patients with Cardiogenic Shock and Acute Myocardial Infarction: A Substudy of the CULPRIT-SHOCK Trial.

Journal Article J Clin Med · March 20, 2020 BACKGROUND: Little is known about clinical outcomes of patients with acute myocardial infraction (AMI) complicated by cardiogenic shock (CS) requiring mechanical ventilation (MV). The aim of this study was to identify the characteristics, risk factors, and ... Full text Link to item Cite

Clinical and Pharmacological Effects of Apixaban Dose Adjustment in the ARISTOTLE Trial.

Journal Article J Am Coll Cardiol · March 17, 2020 BACKGROUND: In the ARISTOTLE (Apixaban for Reduction in Stroke and Other Thromboembolic Events in Atrial Fibrillation) trial, patients with atrial fibrillation and ≥2 dose-adjustment criteria (age ≥80 years, weight ≤60 kg, or creatinine ≥1.5 mg/dl [133 μmo ... Full text Link to item Cite

Impact of Regulatory Guidance on Evaluating Cardiovascular Risk of New Glucose-Lowering Therapies to Treat Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Lessons Learned and Future Directions.

Journal Article Circulation · March 10, 2020 Responding to concerns about the potential for increased risk of adverse cardiovascular outcomes, specifically myocardial infarction, associated with certain glucose-lowering therapies, the US Food and Drug Administration and the Committee for Medicinal Pr ... Full text Link to item Cite

Development of an international standard set of outcome measures for patients with atrial fibrillation: a report of the International Consortium for Health Outcomes Measurement (ICHOM) atrial fibrillation working group.

Journal Article Eur Heart J · March 7, 2020 AIMS: As health systems around the world increasingly look to measure and improve the value of care that they provide to patients, being able to measure the outcomes that matter most to patients is vital. To support the shift towards value-based health car ... Full text Link to item Cite

Gastrointestinal bleeding in patients with atrial fibrillation treated with Apixaban or warfarin: Insights from the Apixaban for Reduction in Stroke and Other Thromboembolic Events in Atrial Fibrillation (ARISTOTLE) trial.

Journal Article Am Heart J · March 2020 OBJECTIVES: A history of gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) may impact decisions about anticoagulation treatment. We sought to determine whether prior GIB in patients with AF taking anticoagulants was associated with ... Full text Link to item Cite

Regional variation in clinical characteristics and outcomes in patients with atrial fibrillation: Findings from the ARISTOTLE trial.

Journal Article Int J Cardiol · March 1, 2020 BACKGROUND: Variation in patient characteristics and practice patterns may influence outcomes at a regional level. METHODS: We assessed differences in demographics, practice patterns, outcomes, and the effect of apixaban compared with warfarin in ARISTOTLE ... Full text Link to item Cite

Acute Cardiovascular Care Association position statement for the diagnosis and treatment of patients with acute myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock: A document of the Acute Cardiovascular Care Association of the European Society of Cardiology.

Journal Article Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care · March 2020 Most of the guideline-recommended treatment strategies for patients with acute coronary syndromes have been tested in large randomised clinical trials. Still, a major challenge is represented by patients with acute myocardial infarction admitted with impen ... Full text Link to item Cite

Care Optimization Through Patient and Hospital Engagement Clinical Trial for Heart Failure: Rationale and design of CONNECT-HF.

Journal Article Am Heart J · February 2020 Many therapies have been shown to improve outcomes for patients with heart failure (HF) in controlled settings, but there are limited data available to inform best practices for hospital and post-discharge quality improvement initiatives. The CONNECT-HF st ... Full text Link to item Cite

Safety and efficacy outcomes of left atrial posterior wall isolation compared to pulmonary vein isolation and pulmonary vein isolation with linear ablation for the treatment of persistent atrial fibrillation.

Journal Article Am Heart J · February 2020 BACKGROUND: Pulmonary wall isolation (PWI) is increasingly used as an adjunctive lesion set to compliment pulmonary vein isolation (PVI), especially in patients with persistent atrial fibrillation (AF). The objective was to compare outcomes of catheter abl ... Full text Link to item Cite

High-throughput targeted proteomics discovery approach and spontaneous reperfusion in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.

Journal Article Am Heart J · February 2020 BACKGROUND: Although spontaneous reperfusion (SR) prior to primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) is associated with improved outcomes, its pathophysiology remains unclear. The objective of the study was to explore associations between SR in ST- ... Full text Link to item Cite

Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Taking Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs and Oral Anticoagulants in the ARISTOTLE Trial.

Journal Article Circulation · January 7, 2020 BACKGROUND: The use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) with oral anticoagulants has been associated with an increased risk of bleeding. We investigated the risk of bleeding and major cardiovascular outcomes in patients with atrial fibrillatio ... Full text Link to item Cite

Predicting risk of cardiovascular events 1 to 3 years post-myocardial infarction using a global registry.

Journal Article Clin Cardiol · January 2020 BACKGROUND: Risk prediction tools are lacking for patients with stable disease some years after myocardial infarction (MI). HYPOTHESIS: A practical long-term cardiovascular risk index can be developed. METHODS: The long-Term rIsk, Clinical manaGement and h ... Full text Link to item Cite

Patient and caregiver reported facilitators of self-care among patients with chronic heart failure: report from a formative qualitative study.

Journal Article Wellcome open research · January 2020 Background: Adherence to a complex, yet effective medication regimen improves clinical outcomes in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). However, patient adherence to an agreed upon plan for medication-taking is sub-optimal and continues to hov ... Full text Cite

Antithrombotic Therapy in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation and Acute Coronary Syndrome Treated Medically or With Percutaneous Coronary Intervention or Undergoing Elective Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: Insights From the AUGUSTUS Trial.

Journal Article Circulation · December 3, 2019 BACKGROUND: The safety and efficacy of antithrombotic regimens may differ between patients with atrial fibrillation who have acute coronary syndromes (ACS), treated medically or with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and those undergoing elective P ... Full text Link to item Cite

Left atrial appendage closure: A therapy uniquely suited for specific populations of patients with atrial fibrillation.

Journal Article J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol · December 2019 Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common clinically relevant arrhythmia and confers a fivefold increased risk for stroke. Cardioembolic stroke secondary to AF is a devastating event, but is largely preventable with appropriate oral anticoagulation (OAC) ... Full text Link to item Cite

Claims-based cardiovascular outcome identification for clinical research: Results from 7 large randomized cardiovascular clinical trials.

Journal Article Am Heart J · December 2019 BACKGROUND: Medicare insurance claims may provide an efficient means to ascertain follow-up of older participants in clinical research. We sought to determine the accuracy and completeness of claims- versus site-based follow-up with clinical event committe ... Full text Link to item Cite

Sex-Related Differences in Heart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction.

Journal Article Circ Heart Fail · December 2019 BACKGROUND: To describe characteristics and outcomes in women and men with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction. METHODS: Baseline characteristics (including biomarkers and quality of life) and outcomes (primary outcome: composite of first heart ... Full text Link to item Cite

Large-Scale Assessment of a Smartwatch to Identify Atrial Fibrillation.

Journal Article N Engl J Med · November 14, 2019 BACKGROUND: Optical sensors on wearable devices can detect irregular pulses. The ability of a smartwatch application (app) to identify atrial fibrillation during typical use is unknown. METHODS: Participants without atrial fibrillation (as reported by the ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Characteristics and Outcomes of Atrial Fibrillation in Patients With Thyroid Disease (from the ARISTOTLE Trial).

Journal Article Am J Cardiol · November 1, 2019 Whether patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and thyroid disease are clinically distinct from those with AF and no thyroid disease is unknown. Furthermore, the effectiveness of anticoagulation for prevention of AF-related thromboembolic events in patient ... Full text Link to item Cite

Clinical Practice Patterns in Temporary Mechanical Circulatory Support for Shock in the Critical Care Cardiology Trials Network (CCCTN) Registry.

Journal Article Circ Heart Fail · November 2019 BACKGROUND: Temporary mechanical circulatory support (MCS) devices provide hemodynamic assistance for shock refractory to pharmacological treatment. Most registries have focused on single devices or specific etiologies of shock, limiting data regarding ove ... Full text Link to item Cite

Demographics, Care Patterns, and Outcomes of Patients Admitted to Cardiac Intensive Care Units: The Critical Care Cardiology Trials Network Prospective North American Multicenter Registry of Cardiac Critical Illness.

Journal Article JAMA Cardiol · September 1, 2019 IMPORTANCE: Single-center and claims-based studies have described substantial changes in the landscape of care in the cardiac intensive care unit (CICU). Professional societies have recommended research to guide evidence-based CICU redesigns. OBJECTIVE: To ... Full text Link to item Cite

Antithrombotics: From Aspirin to DOACs in Coronary Artery Disease and Atrial Fibrillation (Part 3/5).

Journal Article J Am Coll Cardiol · August 6, 2019 For secondary prevention of coronary artery disease (CAD), oral antiplatelet therapy is essential. In case of coronary intervention, temporary dual antiplatelet therapy is mandatory as well. Recently, low-dose oral anticoagulation has entered the CAD arena ... Full text Link to item Cite

Age-Related Characteristics and Outcomes of Patients With Heart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction.

Journal Article J Am Coll Cardiol · August 6, 2019 BACKGROUND: Although heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is considered a disease of the elderly, younger patients are not spared from this syndrome. OBJECTIVES: This study therefore investigated the associations among age, clinical chara ... Full text Link to item Cite

Safety and Efficacy of Antithrombotic Strategies in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: A Network Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

Journal Article JAMA Cardiol · August 1, 2019 IMPORTANCE: The antithrombotic treatment of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and coronary artery disease, in particular with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and/or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), poses a significant treatment dilemma in clini ... Full text Link to item Cite

Insulin treatment and clinical outcomes in patients with diabetes and heart failure with preserved ejection fraction.

Journal Article Eur J Heart Fail · August 2019 AIMS: Insulin causes sodium retention and hypoglycaemia and its use is associated with worse outcomes in heart failure (HF) with reduced ejection fraction. We have investigated whether this is also the case in HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). M ... Full text Link to item Cite

Management of Antithrombotic Therapy in Atrial Fibrillation Patients Undergoing PCI: JACC State-of-the-Art Review.

Journal Article J Am Coll Cardiol · July 9, 2019 Most patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and risk factors for stroke require oral anticoagulation (OAC) to decrease the risk of stroke or systemic embolism. This is now best achieved with direct oral anticoagulants that decrease the risk of intracranial ... Full text Link to item Cite

International normalized ratio control and subsequent clinical outcomes in patients with atrial fibrillation using warfarin.

Journal Article J Thromb Thrombolysis · July 2019 We explored associations between INR measures and clinical outcomes in patients with AF using warfarin, and whether INR history predicted future INR measurements. We included patients in ARISTOTLE who were randomized to and received warfarin. Among patient ... Full text Link to item Cite

Comparative Effectiveness of β-Blocker Use Beyond 3 Years After Myocardial Infarction and Long-Term Outcomes Among Elderly Patients.

Journal Article Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes · July 2019 BACKGROUND: The benefit of β-blocker use beyond 3 years after a myocardial infarction (MI) has not been clearly determined. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using data from the CRUSADE Registry (Can Rapid Risk Stratification of Unstable Angina Patients Suppress Advers ... Full text Link to item Cite

Bystander Ethics and Good Samaritanism: A Paradox for Learning Health Organizations.

Journal Article Hastings Cent Rep · July 2019 In 2012, a U.S. Institute of Medicine report called for a different approach to health care: "Left unchanged, health care will continue to underperform; cause unnecessary harm; and strain national, state, and family budgets." The answer, they suggested, wo ... Full text Link to item Cite

Ticagrelor Versus Clopidogrel in Patients With STEMI Treated With Fibrinolysis: TREAT Trial.

Journal Article J Am Coll Cardiol · June 11, 2019 BACKGROUND: The efficacy of ticagrelor in the long-term post-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated with fibrinolytic therapy remains uncertain. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of ticagrelor when compa ... Full text Link to item Cite

Determination of fasiglifam-induced liver toxicity: Insights from the data monitoring committee of the fasiglifam clinical trials program.

Journal Article Clin Trials · June 2019 BACKGROUND: Different approaches to safety event collection influence the determination of liver toxicity within drug development programs. Herein, a description of how fasiglifam-induced liver injury was detected is provided. METHODS: This eight-trial dru ... Full text Link to item Cite

Risk of Total Events With Icosapent Ethyl: Can We Reduce It?

Journal Article Journal of the American College of Cardiology · June 2019 Full text Cite

Authors' Reply.

Journal Article J Am Soc Nephrol · June 2019 Full text Link to item Cite

Dabigatran for Prevention of Stroke after Embolic Stroke of Undetermined Source.

Journal Article N Engl J Med · May 16, 2019 BACKGROUND: Cryptogenic strokes constitute 20 to 30% of ischemic strokes, and most cryptogenic strokes are considered to be embolic and of undetermined source. An earlier randomized trial showed that rivaroxaban is no more effective than aspirin in prevent ... Full text Link to item Cite

Efficacy and Safety of Apixaban Versus Warfarin in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation and Extremes in Body Weight.

Journal Article Circulation · May 14, 2019 BACKGROUND: Guidelines caution against the use of non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants in patients with extremely high (>120 kg) or low (≤60 kg) body weight because of a lack of data in these populations. METHODS: In a post hoc analysis of ARISTOTL ... Full text Link to item Cite

Efficacy and safety of apixaban vs warfarin in patients with atrial fibrillation and prior bioprosthetic valve replacement or valve repair: Insights from the ARISTOTLE trial.

Journal Article Clin Cardiol · May 2019 BACKGROUND: The optimal anticoagulation strategy for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and bioprosthetic valve (BPV) replacement or native valve repair remains uncertain. HYPOTHESIS: We evaluated the safety and efficacy of apixaban vs warfarin in pati ... Full text Link to item Cite

Peripheral blood metabolite profiles associated with new onset atrial fibrillation.

Journal Article Am Heart J · May 2019 BACKGROUND: Peripheral blood metabolite profiles have yielded mechanistic insights into various cardiovascular disease states. We hypothesized that peripheral blood metabolite profiles would be associated with new onset atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS AN ... Full text Link to item Cite

Prior Pacemaker Implantation and Clinical Outcomes in Patients With Heart Failure and Preserved Ejection Fraction.

Journal Article JACC Heart Fail · May 2019 OBJECTIVES: This study examined the relationship between prior pacemaker implantation and clinical outcomes in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). BACKGROUND: Conventional right ventricular pacing causes electrical and mec ... Full text Link to item Cite

Risk stratification for stroke in atrial fibrillation: a critique.

Journal Article Eur Heart J · April 21, 2019 Despite the demonstrable success of oral anticoagulants in reducing the rate of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation, they continue to be seriously underutilized. Indications for their use as stated in the guidelines incorporate a number of risk sco ... Full text Link to item Cite

Antithrombotic Therapy after Acute Coronary Syndrome or PCI in Atrial Fibrillation.

Journal Article N Engl J Med · April 18, 2019 BACKGROUND: Appropriate antithrombotic regimens for patients with atrial fibrillation who have an acute coronary syndrome or have undergone percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are unclear. METHODS: In an international trial with a two-by-two factorial ... Full text Link to item Cite

Exploring patient-provider decision-making for use of anticoagulation for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation: Results of the INFORM-AF study.

Journal Article Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs · April 2019 BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation is associated with stroke, yet approximately 50% of patients are not treated with guideline-directed oral anticoagulants (OACs). AIMS: Given that the etiology of this gap in care is not well understood, we explored decision- ... Full text Link to item Cite

Interacting medication use and the treatment effects of apixaban versus warfarin: results from the ARISTOTLE Trial.

Journal Article J Thromb Thrombolysis · April 2019 Warfarin is dependent on multiple hepatic enzymes for metabolism while apixaban is a substrate for P-glycoprotein (P-gp) transport and hepatic CYP3A4 metabolism. The aim of this analysis was to assess the impact of interacting medication use on the treatme ... Full text Link to item Cite

Outcomes for Hemodialysis Patients Given Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation for Cardiac Arrest at Outpatient Dialysis Clinics.

Journal Article J Am Soc Nephrol · March 2019 BACKGROUND: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, the leading cause of death among patients on hemodialysis, occurs frequently within outpatient dialysis centers. Practice guidelines recommend resuscitation training for all dialysis clinic staff and on-site defi ... Full text Link to item Cite

Effect of apixaban compared with warfarin on coagulation markers in atrial fibrillation.

Journal Article Heart · February 2019 OBJECTIVES: Compare the effect of apixaban and warfarin on coagulation and primary haemostasis biomarkers in atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS: The biomarker substudy from the Apixaban for Reduction in Stroke and Other Thromboembolic Events in Atrial Fibri ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

FDA-Catalyst-Using FDA's Sentinel Initiative for large-scale pragmatic randomized trials: Approach and lessons learned during the planning phase of the first trial.

Journal Article Clin Trials · February 2019 BACKGROUND: The US Food and Drug Administration's Sentinel Initiative is well positioned to support pragmatic clinical trials. FDA-Catalyst combines direct contact with health plan members and/or providers with data in the Sentinel infrastructure. Here, we ... Full text Link to item Cite

Outcomes of apixaban versus warfarin in patients with atrial fibrillation and multi-morbidity: Insights from the ARISTOTLE trial.

Journal Article Am Heart J · February 2019 BACKGROUND: Patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) often have multi-morbidity, defined as ≥3 comorbid conditions. Multi-morbidity is associated with polypharmacy, adverse events, and frailty potentially altering response to anticoagulation. We sought to de ... Full text Link to item Cite

Improving Care of STEMI in the United States 2008 to 2012.

Journal Article J Am Heart Assoc · January 8, 2019 Background We aimed to determine the change in treatment strategies and times to treatment over the first 5 years of the Mission: Lifeline program. Methods and Results We assessed pre- and in-hospital care and outcomes from 2008 to 2012 for patients with S ... Full text Link to item Cite

Association of the PHACTR1/EDN1 Genetic Locus With Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection.

Journal Article J Am Coll Cardiol · January 8, 2019 BACKGROUND: Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is an increasingly recognized cause of acute coronary syndromes (ACS) afflicting predominantly younger to middle-aged women. Observational studies have reported a high prevalence of extracoronary va ... Full text Link to item Cite

Rationale and design of a large-scale, app-based study to identify cardiac arrhythmias using a smartwatch: The Apple Heart Study.

Journal Article Am Heart J · January 2019 BACKGROUND: Smartwatch and fitness band wearable consumer electronics can passively measure pulse rate from the wrist using photoplethysmography (PPG). Identification of pulse irregularity or variability from these data has the potential to identify atrial ... Full text Link to item Cite

Patterns of use of targeted temperature management for acute myocardial infarction patients following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: Insights from the National Cardiovascular Data Registry.

Journal Article Am Heart J · December 2018 Contemporary utilization patterns for targeted temperature management (TTM) among patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) and out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) have not been well characterized in the United States. In this nationwide evaluation ... Full text Link to item Cite

Association Between Driving Distance From Nearest Fire Station and  Survival of Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.

Journal Article J Am Heart Assoc · November 6, 2018 Background Firefighter first responders dispatched in parallel with emergency medical services ( EMS ) personnel for out-of-hospital cardiac arrests ( OHCA ) can provide early defibrillation to improve survival. We examined whether survival following first ... Full text Link to item Cite

Timing of Loading Dose of Atorvastatin in Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for Acute Coronary Syndromes: Insights From the SECURE-PCI Randomized Clinical Trial.

Journal Article JAMA Cardiol · November 1, 2018 IMPORTANCE: Loading doses of atorvastatin did not show reduction on clinical outcomes in the overall population of patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) enrolled in the Statins Evaluation in Coronary Procedures and Revascularization (SECURE-PCI) tria ... Full text Link to item Cite

Albiglutide and cardiovascular outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease (Harmony Outcomes): a double-blind, randomised placebo-controlled trial.

Journal Article Lancet · October 27, 2018 BACKGROUND: Glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonists differ in chemical structure, duration of action, and in their effects on clinical outcomes. The cardiovascular effects of once-weekly albiglutide in type 2 diabetes are unknown. We aimed to determine t ... Full text Link to item Cite

Use of Biomarkers to Predict Specific Causes of Death in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation.

Journal Article Circulation · October 16, 2018 BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation is associated with an increased risk of death. High-sensitivity troponin T, growth differentiation factor-15, NT-proBNP (N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide), and interleukin-6 levels are predictive of cardiovascular e ... Full text Link to item Cite

Use of Oral Anticoagulation in Eligible Patients Discharged With Heart Failure and Atrial Fibrillation.

Journal Article Circ Heart Fail · October 2018 BACKGROUND: Stroke prophylaxis in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and heart failure (HF) in the era of direct oral anticoagulants is not well characterized. Using data from American Heart Association Get With The Guidelines-AFIB, we sought to evalua ... Full text Link to item Cite

Delays in Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction Patients Presenting With Cardiogenic Shock.

Journal Article JACC Cardiovasc Interv · September 24, 2018 OBJECTIVES: This study sought to examine whether quality improvement initiatives across multiple ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) systems translated to faster first medical contact (FMC)-to-device times for patients presenting with cardio ... Full text Link to item Cite

Association Between Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory Pre-Activation and Reperfusion Timing Metrics and Outcomes in Patients With ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction Undergoing Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: A Report From the ACTION Registry.

Journal Article JACC Cardiovasc Interv · September 24, 2018 OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of pre-hospital cardiac catheterization laboratory activation and its association with reperfusion timeliness and in-hospital mortality. BACKGROUND: For patients with ST-segment elevation myo ... Full text Link to item Cite

Association of Bystander and First-Responder Efforts and Outcomes According to Sex: Results From the North Carolina HeartRescue Statewide Quality Improvement Initiative.

Journal Article J Am Heart Assoc · September 18, 2018 Background The Institute of Medicine has called for actions to understand and target sex-related differences in care and outcomes for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients. We assessed changes in bystander and first-responder interventions and outcomes f ... Full text Link to item Cite

Harmony Outcomes: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of the effect of albiglutide on major cardiovascular events in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus-Rationale, design, and baseline characteristics.

Journal Article Am Heart J · September 2018 BACKGROUND: Albiglutide is a long-acting glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist that improves glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Harmony Outcomes is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of the effect of alb ... Full text Link to item Cite

Asymmetric and Symmetric Dimethylarginine Predict Outcomes in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation: An ARISTOTLE Substudy.

Journal Article J Am Coll Cardiol · August 14, 2018 BACKGROUND: There is little mechanistic information on factors predisposing atrial fibrillation (AF) patients to thromboembolism or bleeding, but generation of nitric oxide (NO) might theoretically contribute to both. OBJECTIVES: The authors tested the hyp ... Full text Link to item Cite

Outcomes in anticoagulated patients with atrial fibrillation and with mitral or aortic valve disease.

Journal Article Heart · August 2018 OBJECTIVE: To assess stroke/systemic embolism, major bleeding and other outcomes, and treatment effect of apixaban versus warfarin, in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and different types of valvular heart disease (VHD), using data from the Apixaban ... Full text Link to item Cite

Heart failure with mid-range ejection fraction in CHARM: characteristics, outcomes and effect of candesartan across the entire ejection fraction spectrum.

Journal Article Eur J Heart Fail · August 2018 AIMS: We tested the hypothesis that candesartan improves outcomes in heart failure (HF) with mid-range ejection fraction [HFmrEF; ejection fraction (EF) 40-49%]. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 7598 patients enrolled in the CHARM Programme (HF across the spectrum ... Full text Link to item Cite

Ticagrelor versus clopidogrel after fibrinolytic therapy in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction: Rationale and design of the ticagrelor in patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction treated with thrombolysis (TREAT) trial.

Journal Article Am Heart J · August 2018 BACKGROUND: The safety and efficacy of ticagrelor in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated with fibrinolytic therapy remain uncertain. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of the TicagRElor in pAtients with ST elevation myocardial i ... Full text Link to item Cite

Antithrombotic Therapy in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Treated With Oral Anticoagulation Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: A North American Perspective-2018 Update.

Journal Article Circulation · July 31, 2018 The optimal antithrombotic treatment regimen for patients with atrial fibrillation undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention with stent implantation represents a challenge in clinical practice. In 2016, an updated opinion of selected experts from the U ... Full text Link to item Cite

Implementation of a Regional Network for ST-Segment-Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI) Care and 30-Day Mortality in a Low- to Middle-Income City in Brazil: Findings From Salvador's STEMI Registry (RESISST).

Journal Article J Am Heart Assoc · July 6, 2018 BACKGROUND: Few data exist on regional systems of care for the treatment of ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in developing countries. Our objective was to describe temporal trends in 30-day mortality and identify predictors of mortality a ... Full text Link to item Cite

Discharge timing and outcomes after uncomplicated non-ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction.

Journal Article Am Heart J · July 2018 BACKGROUND: Length of stay after non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) continues to decrease, but information to guide duration of hospitalization is limited. METHODS: We used landmark analyses, in which the landmark defined potential day ... Full text Link to item Cite

An open-Label, 2 × 2 factorial, randomized controlled trial to evaluate the safety of apixaban vs. vitamin K antagonist and aspirin vs. placebo in patients with atrial fibrillation and acute coronary syndrome and/or percutaneous coronary intervention: Rationale and design of the AUGUSTUS trial.

Journal Article Am Heart J · June 2018 BACKGROUND: The optimal antithrombotic strategy for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) who develop acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and/or the need for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is uncertain. The risk of bleeding is a major concern when ora ... Full text Link to item Cite

Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Resuscitation Systems of Care: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association.

Journal Article Circulation · May 22, 2018 The American Heart Association previously recommended implementation of cardiac resuscitation systems of care that consist of interconnected community, emergency medical services, and hospital efforts to measure and improve the process of care and outcome ... Full text Link to item Cite

Coronary Artery Disease in Patients ≥80 Years of Age.

Journal Article J Am Coll Cardiol · May 8, 2018 Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients ≥80 years of age. Nonetheless, older patients have typically been under-represented in cardiovascular clinical trials. Understanding the pathophysiology, epidemiology, an ... Full text Link to item Cite

Ticagrelor vs Clopidogrel After Fibrinolytic Therapy in Patients With ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Journal Article JAMA Cardiol · May 1, 2018 IMPORTANCE: The bleeding safety of ticagrelor in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction treated with fibrinolytic therapy remains uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the short-term safety of ticagrelor when compared with clopidogrel in patients wit ... Full text Link to item Cite

Effect of Loading Dose of Atorvastatin Prior to Planned Percutaneous Coronary Intervention on Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events in Acute Coronary Syndrome: The SECURE-PCI Randomized Clinical Trial.

Journal Article JAMA · April 3, 2018 IMPORTANCE: The effects of loading doses of statins on clinical outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and planned invasive management remain uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To determine if periprocedural loading doses of atorvastatin decrease 30-da ... Full text Link to item Cite

Antithrombotic therapy use and clinical outcomes following thrombo-embolic events in patients with atrial fibrillation: insights from ARISTOTLE.

Journal Article Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Pharmacother · April 1, 2018 AIMS: We investigated baseline characteristics, antithrombotic use, and clinical outcomes of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and a thrombo-embolic event in the Apixaban for Reduction in Stroke and Other Thromboembolic Events in Atrial Fibrillation ( ... Full text Link to item Cite

Rationale and design of the Statins Evaluation in Coronary procedUres and REvascularization: The SECURE-PCI Trial.

Journal Article Am Heart J · April 2018 BACKGROUND: Previous evidence suggests that acute treatment with statins reduce atherosclerotic complications, including periprocedural myocardial infarction, but currently, there are no large, adequately powered studies to define the effects of early, hig ... Full text Link to item Cite

Digoxin and Mortality in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation.

Journal Article J Am Coll Cardiol · March 13, 2018 BACKGROUND: Digoxin is widely used in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). OBJECTIVES: The goal of this paper was to explore whether digoxin use was independently associated with increased mortality in patients with AF and if the association was modifie ... Full text Link to item Cite

Clinical Outcomes and History of Fall in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation Treated with Oral Anticoagulation: Insights From the ARISTOTLE Trial.

Journal Article Am J Med · March 2018 PURPOSE: We assessed outcomes among anticoagulated patients with atrial fibrillation and a history of falling, and whether the benefits of apixaban vs warfarin are consistent in this population. METHODS: Of the 18,201 patients in the Apixaban for Reduction ... Full text Link to item Cite

Contribution of cardiac and extra-cardiac disease burden to risk of cardiovascular outcomes varies by ejection fraction in heart failure.

Journal Article Eur J Heart Fail · March 2018 AIMS: Patients with heart failure (HF) often have multiple co-morbidities that contribute to the risk of adverse cardiovascular (CV) and non-CV outcomes. We assessed the relative contribution of cardiac and extra-cardiac disease burden and demographic fact ... Full text Link to item Cite

Percutaneous coronary intervention and antiplatelet therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation receiving apixaban or warfarin: Insights from the ARISTOTLE trial.

Journal Article Am Heart J · March 2018 BACKGROUND: We assessed antiplatelet therapy use and outcomes in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) during the ARISTOTLE trial. METHODS: Patients were categorized based on the occurrence of PCI during follow-up (median 1.8 years); ... Full text Link to item Cite

Post-Myocardial Infarction Heart Failure.

Journal Article JACC Heart Fail · March 2018 Heart failure (HF) complicating myocardial infarction (MI) is common and may be present at admission or develop during the hospitalization. Among patients with MI, there is a strong relationship between degree of HF and mortality. The optimal management of ... Full text Link to item Cite

A biomarker-based risk score to predict death in patients with atrial fibrillation: the ABC (age, biomarkers, clinical history) death risk score.

Journal Article Eur Heart J · February 7, 2018 AIMS: In atrial fibrillation (AF), mortality remains high despite effective anticoagulation. A model predicting the risk of death in these patients is currently not available. We developed and validated a risk score for death in anticoagulated patients wit ... Full text Link to item Cite

Prevalence and prognostic importance of precipitating factors leading to heart failure hospitalization: recurrent hospitalizations and mortality.

Journal Article European journal of heart failure · February 2018 AimsHospitalizations for heart failure (HF) are common and are associated with significant morbidity, mortality and cost. However, precipitating factors leading to HF hospitalization and their importance with respect to subsequent outcomes are not ... Full text Cite

Dyslipidemia and Risk of Cardiovascular Events in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Treated With Oral Anticoagulation Therapy: Insights From the ARISTOTLE (Apixaban for Reduction in Stroke and Other Thromboembolic Events in Atrial Fibrillation) Trial.

Journal Article J Am Heart Assoc · February 1, 2018 BACKGROUND: Dyslipidemia is a major risk factor for cardiovascular events. The prognostic importance of lipoproteins in patients with atrial fibrillation is not well understood. We aimed to explore the association between apolipoprotein A1 (ApoA1) and B (A ... Full text Link to item Cite

Impact of Regionalization of ST-Segment-Elevation Myocardial Infarction Care on Treatment Times and Outcomes for Emergency Medical Services-Transported Patients Presenting to Hospitals With Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: Mission: Lifeline Accelerator-2.

Journal Article Circulation · January 23, 2018 BACKGROUND: Regional variations in reperfusion times and mortality in patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction are influenced by differences in coordinating care between emergency medical services (EMS) and hospitals. Building on the Accele ... Full text Link to item Cite

Confronting system barriers for ST- elevation MI in low and middle income countries with a focus on India.

Journal Article Indian Heart J · 2018 Our previous research found seven specific factors that cause system delays in ST-elevation Myocardial infarction management in developing countries. These delays, in conjunction with a lack of organized STEMI systems of care, result in inefficient process ... Full text Link to item Cite

Psychosocial stress and major cardiovascular events in patients with stable coronary heart disease.

Journal Article J Intern Med · January 2018 OBJECTIVES: Assess the risk of ischaemic events associated with psychosocial stress in patients with stable coronary heart disease (CHD). METHODS: Psychosocial stress was assessed by a questionnaire in 14 577 patients (median age 65.0, IQR 59, 71; 81.6% ma ... Full text Link to item Cite

Obesity paradox on outcome in atrial fibrillation maintained even considering the prognostic influence of biomarkers: insights from the ARISTOTLE trial.

Journal Article Open Heart · 2018 OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association between obesity and biomarkers indicating cardiac or renal dysfunction or inflammation and their interaction with obesity and outcomes. METHODS: A total of 14 753 patients in the Apixaban for Reduction In STroke a ... Full text Link to item Cite

Anticoagulation Drug Trials for Stroke Prevention in Atrial Fibrillation

Chapter · January 1, 2018 Trials in the 1980s and 1990s showed that warfarin reduces stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation by approximately two-thirds, and that aspirin has either much less of an effect or no effect at all. The combination of aspirin and clopidogrel, compared ... Full text Cite

Relationship between microvascular obstruction and adverse events following primary percutaneous coronary intervention for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction: an individual patient data pooled analysis from seven randomized trials.

Journal Article Eur Heart J · December 14, 2017 AIMS: Microvascular obstruction (MVO) is the underlying cause for the no-reflow phenomenon in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). The association between MVO assessed by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) and prognosis has not been co ... Full text Link to item Cite

Efficacy and Safety of Apixaban Versus Warfarin in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation and a History of Cancer: Insights from the ARISTOTLE Trial.

Conference Am J Med · December 2017 BACKGROUND: Cancer is associated with a prothrombotic state and increases the risk of thrombotic events in patients with atrial fibrillation. We described the clinical characteristics and outcomes and assessed the safety and efficacy of apixaban versus war ... Full text Link to item Cite

Prevalence of Prediabetes and Undiagnosed Diabetes in Patients with HFpEF and HFrEF and Associated Clinical Outcomes.

Journal Article Cardiovasc Drugs Ther · December 2017 PURPOSE: The prevalence and consequences of prediabetic dysglycemia and undiagnosed diabetes is unknown in patients with heart failure (HF) and preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) and has not been compared to heart failure and reduced ejection fraction (HF ... Full text Link to item Cite

Predicting risk of cardiac events among ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients with conservatively managed non-infarct-related artery coronary artery disease: An analysis of the Duke Databank for Cardiovascular Disease.

Journal Article Am Heart J · December 2017 BACKGROUND: Recent randomized evidence has demonstrated benefit with complete revascularization during the index hospitalization for multivessel coronary artery disease ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients; however, this benefit like ... Full text Link to item Cite

Echocardiographic Risk Factors for Stroke and Outcomes in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Anticoagulated With Apixaban or Warfarin.

Journal Article Stroke · December 2017 BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Few data exist on the long-term outcomes of patients with spontaneous echo contrast (SEC), left atrial/left atrial appendage (LA/LAA) thrombus, and complex aortic plaque (CAP), in patients with atrial fibrillation receiving oral ant ... Full text Link to item Cite

Rationale and design of the long-Term rIsk, clinical manaGement, and healthcare Resource utilization of stable coronary artery dISease in post-myocardial infarction patients (TIGRIS) study.

Journal Article Clin Cardiol · December 2017 The long-term progression of coronary artery disease as defined by the natural disease course years after a myocardial infarction (MI) is an important but poorly studied area of clinical research. The long-Term rIsk, clinical manaGement, and healthcare Res ... Full text Link to item Cite

Double-Dose Versus Standard-Dose Clopidogrel According to Smoking Status Among Patients With Acute Coronary Syndromes Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

Journal Article J Am Heart Assoc · November 3, 2017 BACKGROUND: Prior Studies have suggested better outcomes in smokers compared with nonsmokers receiving clopidogrel ("smoker's paradox"). The impact of a more intensive clopidogrel regimen on ischemic and bleeding risks in smokers with acute coronary syndro ... Full text Link to item Cite

Association of Public Health Initiatives With Outcomes for Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest at Home and in Public Locations.

Journal Article JAMA Cardiol · November 1, 2017 IMPORTANCE: Little is known about the influence of comprehensive public health initiatives according to out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) location, particularly at home, where resuscitation efforts and outcomes have historically been poor. OBJECTIVE: T ... Full text Link to item Cite

Impact of Regional Systems of Care on Disparities in Care Among Female and Black Patients Presenting With ST-Segment-Elevation Myocardial Infarction.

Journal Article J Am Heart Assoc · October 24, 2017 BACKGROUND: The American Heart Association Mission: Lifeline STEMI (ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction) Systems Accelerator program, conducted in 16 regions across the United States to improve key care processes, resulted in more patients being tre ... Full text Link to item Cite

A multifaceted intervention to improve treatment with oral anticoagulants in atrial fibrillation (IMPACT-AF): an international, cluster-randomised trial.

Journal Article Lancet · October 14, 2017 BACKGROUND: Oral anticoagulation is underused in patients with atrial fibrillation. We assessed the impact of a multifaceted educational intervention, versus usual care, on oral anticoagulant use in patients with atrial fibrillation. METHODS: This study wa ... Full text Link to item Cite

Improvement in Care and Outcomes for Emergency Medical Service-Transported Patients With ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI) With and Without Prehospital Cardiac Arrest: A Mission: Lifeline STEMI Accelerator Study.

Journal Article J Am Heart Assoc · October 11, 2017 BACKGROUND: Patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) may benefit from direct transport to a percutaneous cardiac intervention (PCI) hospital but have previously been less likely to bypass local non ... Full text Link to item Cite

Physical Activity and Mortality in Patients With Stable Coronary Heart Disease.

Journal Article J Am Coll Cardiol · October 3, 2017 BACKGROUND: Recommendations for physical activity in patients with stable coronary heart disease (CHD) are based on modest evidence. OBJECTIVES: The authors analyzed the association between self-reported exercise and mortality in patients with stable CHD. ... Full text Link to item Cite

Regional differences in presentation and antithrombotic treatment of patients with atrial fibrillation: Baseline characteristics from a clustered randomized trial to IMProve treatment with AntiCoagulanTs in patients with atrial fibrillation (IMPACT-AF).

Journal Article Am Heart J · October 2017 UNLABELLED: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained arrhythmia worldwide. However, there are few contemporary comparative data on AF from middle-income countries. METHODS: Baseline characteristics of the IMPACT-AF trial were analyzed to asses ... Full text Link to item Cite

Effects of Anacetrapib in Patients with Atherosclerotic Vascular Disease.

Journal Article N Engl J Med · September 28, 2017 BACKGROUND: Patients with atherosclerotic vascular disease remain at high risk for cardiovascular events despite effective statin-based treatment of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels. The inhibition of cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CET ... Full text Link to item Cite

Multistate 5-Year Initiative to Improve Care for Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest: Primary Results From the HeartRescue Project.

Journal Article J Am Heart Assoc · September 22, 2017 BACKGROUND: The HeartRescue Project is a multistate public health initiative focused on establishing statewide out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) systems of care to improve case capture and OHCA care in the community, by emergency medical services (EMS) ... Full text Link to item Cite

Sex Differences in Clinical Characteristics, Psychosocial Factors, and Outcomes Among Patients With Stable Coronary Heart Disease: Insights from the STABILITY (Stabilization of Atherosclerotic Plaque by Initiation of Darapladib Therapy) Trial.

Journal Article J Am Heart Assoc · September 14, 2017 BACKGROUND: Greater understanding of differences between men and women with coronary heart disease is needed. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this post hoc analysis of the STABILITY (Stabilization of Atherosclerotic Plaque by Initiation of Darapladib Therapy) tria ... Full text Link to item Cite

Biomarker-Based Risk Model to Predict Cardiovascular Mortality in Patients With Stable Coronary Disease.

Journal Article J Am Coll Cardiol · August 15, 2017 BACKGROUND: Currently, there is no generally accepted model to predict outcomes in stable coronary heart disease (CHD). OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated and compared the prognostic value of biomarkers and clinical variables to develop a biomarker-based pre ... Full text Link to item Cite

Stroke of Known Cause and Underlying Atrial Fibrillation (STROKE-AF) randomized trial: Design and rationale.

Journal Article Am Heart J · August 2017 BACKGROUND: Approximately 20% of ischemic strokes are associated with clinically apparent atrial fibrillation (AF). Regardless of stroke etiology, detection of AF in patients with ischemic strokes often changes antithrombotic treatment from anti-platelet t ... Full text Link to item Cite

Declining Risk of Sudden Death in Heart Failure.

Journal Article N Engl J Med · July 6, 2017 BACKGROUND: The risk of sudden death has changed over time among patients with symptomatic heart failure and reduced ejection fraction with the sequential introduction of medications including angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin-receptor ... Full text Link to item Cite

Rationale and design of the Apixaban for the Reduction of Thrombo-Embolism in Patients With Device-Detected Sub-Clinical Atrial Fibrillation (ARTESiA) trial.

Journal Article Am Heart J · July 2017 BACKGROUND: Device-detected subclinical atrial fibrillation (AF) refers to infrequent, short-lasting, asymptomatic AF that is detected only with long-term continuous monitoring. Subclinical AF is common and associated with an increased risk of stroke; howe ... Full text Link to item Cite

Repeated Measurements of Cardiac Biomarkers in Atrial Fibrillation and Validation of the ABC Stroke Score Over Time.

Journal Article J Am Heart Assoc · June 23, 2017 BACKGROUND: Cardiac biomarkers are independent risk markers in atrial fibrillation, and the novel biomarker-based ABC stroke score (age, biomarkers, and clinical history of prior stroke) was recently shown to improve the prediction of stroke risk in patien ... Full text Link to item Cite

Longer-term oral antiplatelet use in stable post-myocardial infarction patients: Insights from the long Term rIsk, clinical manaGement and healthcare Resource utilization of stable coronary artery dISease (TIGRIS) observational study.

Journal Article Int J Cardiol · June 1, 2017 OBJECTIVE: To describe contemporary patient characteristics and treatment patterns, including antithrombotic management, of post-myocardial infarction (MI) stable coronary artery disease (CAD) patients at high atherothrombotic risk from different geographi ... Full text Link to item Cite

Intracranial hemorrhage in patients with atrial fibrillation receiving anticoagulation therapy.

Journal Article Blood · June 1, 2017 We investigated the frequency and characteristics of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH), the factors associated with the risk of ICH, and outcomes post-ICH overall and by randomized treatment. We identified patients with ICH from the overall trial population en ... Full text Link to item Cite

Relationship between therapeutic effects on infarct size in acute myocardial infarction and therapeutic effects on 1-year outcomes: A patient-level analysis of randomized clinical trials.

Journal Article Am Heart J · June 2017 BACKGROUND: While infarct size in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) has been generally associated with long-term prognosis, whether a therapeutic effect on infarct size has a corresponding therapeutic effect on long-term outc ... Full text Link to item Cite

Infarct size, left ventricular function, and prognosis in women compared to men after primary percutaneous coronary intervention in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction: results from an individual patient-level pooled analysis of 10 randomized trials.

Journal Article Eur Heart J · June 1, 2017 AIM: Studies have reported less favourable outcomes in women compared with men after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Whether sex-specific differences in the magnitude or prognostic imp ... Full text Link to item Cite

Effect of Apixaban on All-Cause Death in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation: a Meta-Analysis Based on Imputed Placebo Effect.

Journal Article Cardiovasc Drugs Ther · June 2017 PURPOSE: Vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) are the standard of care for stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF); therefore, there is not equipoise when comparing newer oral anticoagulants with placebo in this setting. METHODS: To explore the ... Full text Link to item Cite

Direct Transport to a Percutaneous Cardiac Intervention Center and Outcomes in Patients With Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.

Journal Article Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes · June 2017 BACKGROUND: Practice guidelines recommend regional systems of care for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. However, whether emergency medical services should bypass nonpercutaneous cardiac intervention (non-PCI) facilities and transport out-of-hospital cardiac ... Full text Link to item Cite

Evacetrapib and Cardiovascular Outcomes in High-Risk Vascular Disease.

Journal Article N Engl J Med · May 18, 2017 BACKGROUND: The cholesteryl ester transfer protein inhibitor evacetrapib substantially raises the high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol level, reduces the low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol level, and enhances cellular cholesterol efflux capaci ... Full text Link to item Cite

Economic Analysis of Apixaban Therapy for Patients With Atrial Fibrillation From a US Perspective: Results From the ARISTOTLE Randomized Clinical Trial.

Journal Article JAMA Cardiol · May 1, 2017 IMPORTANCE: The Apixaban for Reduction in Stroke and Other Thromboembolic Events in Atrial Fibrillation (ARISTOTLE) trial reported that apixaban therapy was superior to warfarin therapy in preventing stroke and all-cause death while causing significantly f ... Full text Link to item Cite

Randomized Evaluation of the Effects of Anacetrapib through Lipid-modification (REVEAL)-A large-scale, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of the clinical effects of anacetrapib among people with established vascular disease: Trial design, recruitment, and baseline characteristics.

Journal Article Am Heart J · May 2017 UNLABELLED: Patients with prior vascular disease remain at high risk for cardiovascular events despite intensive statin-based treatment. Inhibition of cholesteryl ester transfer protein by anacetrapib reduces low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol by ar ... Full text Link to item Cite

Non-major bleeding with apixaban versus warfarin in patients with atrial fibrillation.

Journal Article Heart · April 2017 OBJECTIVE: We describe the incidence, location and management of non-major bleeding, and assess the association between non-major bleeding and clinical outcomes in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) receiving anticoagulation therapy enrolled in Apixaba ... Full text Link to item Cite

Identification of Patients With Stable Chest Pain Deriving Minimal Value From Noninvasive Testing: The PROMISE Minimal-Risk Tool, A Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Clinical Trial.

Journal Article JAMA Cardiol · April 1, 2017 IMPORTANCE: Guidelines recommend noninvasive testing for patients with stable chest pain, although many subsequently have normal test results and no adverse clinical events. OBJECTIVE: To describe a risk tool developed to use only pretest clinical data to ... Full text Link to item Cite

Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest: To CT or Not to CT?

Journal Article JACC Cardiovasc Interv · March 13, 2017 Full text Link to item Cite

Apixaban to prevent stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation: a review.

Journal Article Ther Adv Cardiovasc Dis · March 2017 Atrial fibrillation is a common, costly and morbid cardiovascular arrhythmia. Stroke prevention remains the mainstay of treatment for atrial fibrillation, and the recent advent of novel oral anticoagulants with direct factor IIa or factor Xa inhibition has ... Full text Link to item Cite

The Role of Cardiovascular Implantable Electronic Devices in the Detection and Treatment of Subclinical Atrial Fibrillation: A Review.

Journal Article JAMA Cardiol · March 1, 2017 IMPORTANCE: Subclinical atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with an increased risk for stroke. OBSERVATIONS: Subclinical AF is asymptomatic, short in duration, and usually detected with long-term, continuous monitoring. Most prior studies have explored ... Full text Link to item Cite

Anemia is associated with bleeding and mortality, but not stroke, in patients with atrial fibrillation: Insights from the Apixaban for Reduction in Stroke and Other Thromboembolic Events in Atrial Fibrillation (ARISTOTLE) trial.

Journal Article Am Heart J · March 2017 BACKGROUND: Patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) are prone to cardiovascular events and anticoagulation-related bleeding complications. We hypothesized that patients with anemia are at increased risk for these outcomes. METHODS: We performed a post hoc a ... Full text Link to item Cite

Efficacy and Safety of Apixaban Compared With Warfarin in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation and Peripheral Artery Disease: Insights From the ARISTOTLE Trial.

Journal Article J Am Heart Assoc · January 17, 2017 BACKGROUND: We studied (1) the rates of stroke or systemic embolism and bleeding in patients with atrial fibrillation and peripheral artery disease (PAD) and (2) the efficacy and safety of apixaban versus warfarin in patients with atrial fibrillation with ... Full text Link to item Cite

Anticoagulation therapy and clinical outcomes in patients with recently diagnosed atrial fibrillation: Insights from the ARISTOTLE trial.

Journal Article Int J Cardiol · January 15, 2017 BACKGROUND: Evidence supporting use of antithrombotic therapy in atrial fibrillation (AF) is based mainly on data from patients with permanent, persistent, or paroxysmal AF. Less is known about the risk following a new diagnosis of AF and the efficacy and ... Full text Link to item Cite

Association of Rapid Care Process Implementation on Reperfusion Times Across Multiple ST-Segment-Elevation Myocardial Infarction Networks.

Journal Article Circ Cardiovasc Interv · January 2017 BACKGROUND: The Mission: Lifeline STEMI Systems Accelerator program, implemented in 16 US metropolitan regions, resulted in more patients receiving timely reperfusion. We assessed whether implementing key care processes was associated with system performan ... Full text Link to item Cite

Worsening renal function and outcome in heart failure patients with reduced and preserved ejection fraction and the impact of angiotensin receptor blocker treatment: data from the CHARM-study programme.

Journal Article Eur J Heart Fail · December 2016 AIMS: We investigated the association between worsening renal function (WRF) that occurs during renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibition initation and outcome in heart failure (HF) patients with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF) and compared this ... Full text Link to item Cite

Performance and Validation of a Novel Biomarker-Based Stroke Risk Score for Atrial Fibrillation.

Journal Article Circulation · November 29, 2016 BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation is associated with increased but variable risk of stroke. Our aim was to validate the recently developed biomarker-based ABC (age, biomarkers [high-sensitivity troponin and N-terminal fragment B-type natriuretic peptide], an ... Full text Link to item Cite

Antithrombotic Therapy in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: A North American Perspective-2016 Update.

Journal Article Circ Cardiovasc Interv · November 2016 The optimal antithrombotic treatment regimen for patients with atrial fibrillation undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention with stent implantation is an emerging clinical problem. Currently, there is limited evidenced-based data on the optimal antith ... Full text Link to item Cite

Pushing the Envelope on STEMI Response.

Journal Article ED Manag · November 2016 New findings from the Mission: Lifeline STEMI Systems Accelerator program suggest that a regionalized approach to ST-segment elevation myocardial infarctions (STEMI) can cut time-to-treatment for patients modestly, thereby improving the prospects for bette ... Link to item Cite

No Association of Coronary Artery Disease with X-Chromosomal Variants in Comprehensive International Meta-Analysis.

Journal Article Sci Rep · October 12, 2016 In recent years, genome-wide association studies have identified 58 independent risk loci for coronary artery disease (CAD) on the autosome. However, due to the sex-specific data structure of the X chromosome, it has been excluded from most of these analys ... Full text Link to item Cite

The 'obesity paradox' in atrial fibrillation: observations from the ARISTOTLE (Apixaban for Reduction in Stroke and Other Thromboembolic Events in Atrial Fibrillation) trial.

Journal Article Eur Heart J · October 7, 2016 AIMS: The prognostic implication of adiposity on clinical outcomes in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients treated with oral anticoagulation is unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 17 913 patients in the Apixaban for Reduction in Stroke and Other Thromboe ... Full text Link to item Cite

From Coronary Care Units to Cardiac Intensive Care Units: Recommendations for Organizational, Staffing, and Educational Transformation.

Journal Article Can J Cardiol · October 2016 Medical care in Canadian cardiac units has changed considerably over the past 3 decades in response to an increasingly complex and diverse patient population admitted with acute cardiac pathology. To maintain the highest level of care for these patients, t ... Full text Link to item Cite

Temporal changes in biomarkers and their relationships to reperfusion and to clinical outcomes among patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction.

Journal Article J Thromb Thrombolysis · October 2016 Coronary plaque rupture mediating acute ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is associated with a systemic inflammatory response. Whether early temporal changes in inflammatory biomarkers are associated with angiographic and electrocardiograp ... Full text Link to item Cite

Implementation of Regional ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction Systems of Care: Successes and Challenges.

Journal Article Interv Cardiol Clin · October 2016 Current guidelines recommend that communities create and maintain a regional system of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) care that includes assessment and continuous quality improvement of emergency medical services and hospital-based acti ... Full text Link to item Cite

2016 ACC/AHA Guideline Focused Update on Duration of Dual Antiplatelet Therapy in Patients With Coronary Artery Disease: A Report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Clinical Practice Guidelines: An Update of the 2011 ACCF/AHA/SCAI Guideline for Percutaneous Coronary Intervention, 2011 ACCF/AHA Guideline for Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery, 2012 ACC/AHA/ACP/AATS/PCNA/SCAI/STS Guideline for the Diagnosis and Management of Patients With Stable Ischemic Heart Disease, 2013 ACCF/AHA Guideline for the Management of ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction, 2014 AHA/ACC Guideline for the Management of Patients With Non-ST-Elevation Acute Coronary Syndromes, and 2014 ACC/AHA Guideline on Perioperative Cardiovascular Evaluation and Management of Patients Undergoing Noncardiac Surgery.

Journal Article Circulation · September 6, 2016 Full text Link to item Cite

Stroke risk assessment in atrial fibrillation: risk factors and markers of atrial myopathy.

Journal Article Nat Rev Cardiol · September 2016 Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a complex phenomenon associated with electrical, mechanical, and structural abnormalities of the atria. Ischaemic stroke in AF is only partially understood, but the mechanisms are known to be related to the atrial substrate as w ... Full text Link to item Cite

Apixaban 5 mg Twice Daily and Clinical Outcomes in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation and Advanced Age, Low Body Weight, or High Creatinine: A Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Clinical Trial.

Journal Article JAMA Cardiol · September 1, 2016 IMPORTANCE: In the Apixaban for Reduction of Stroke and Other Thromboembolic Complications in Atrial Fibrillation (ARISTOTLE) trial, the standard dose of apixaban was 5 mg twice daily; patients with at least 2 dose-reduction criteria-80 years or older, wei ... Full text Link to item Cite

Severity of renal impairment in patients with heart failure and atrial fibrillation: implications for non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulant dose adjustment.

Journal Article Eur J Heart Fail · September 2016 AIMS: The non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) have varying degrees of renal elimination which may be challenging in patients with heart failure (HF) and atrial fibrillation (AF). We examined the severity and variation in renal impairment, ... Full text Link to item Cite

Regional Systems of Care Demonstration Project: American Heart Association Mission: Lifeline STEMI Systems Accelerator.

Journal Article Circulation · August 2, 2016 BACKGROUND: Up to 50% of patients fail to meet ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) guideline goals recommending a first medical contact-to-device time of <90 minutes for patients directly presenting to percutaneous coronary intervention-capa ... Full text Link to item Cite

Comparison of team-focused CPR vs standard CPR in resuscitation from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: Results from a statewide quality improvement initiative.

Journal Article Resuscitation · August 2016 BACKGROUND: Team-focused CPR (TFCPR) is a choreographed approach to cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) with emphasis on minimally interrupted high-quality chest compressions, early defibrillation, discourages endotracheal intubation and encourages use of ... Full text Link to item Cite

Prolonged cardiopulmonary resuscitation and outcomes after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.

Journal Article Resuscitation · August 2016 AIM: It is unclear whether prolonged resuscitation can result in successful outcome following out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA). We assessed associations between duration of pre-hospital resuscitation on survival and functional outcome following OHCA ... Full text Link to item Cite

Efficacy and Safety of Apixaban Compared With Warfarin in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation in Relation to Renal Function Over Time: Insights From the ARISTOTLE Randomized Clinical Trial.

Journal Article JAMA Cardiol · July 1, 2016 IMPORTANCE: Renal impairment confers an increased risk of stroke, bleeding, and death in patients with atrial fibrillation. Little is known about the efficacy and safety of apixaban in relation to renal function changes over time. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate c ... Full text Link to item Cite

Lipoprotein-Associated Phospholipase A2 Activity Is a Marker of Risk But Not a Useful Target for Treatment in Patients With Stable Coronary Heart Disease.

Journal Article J Am Heart Assoc · June 21, 2016 BACKGROUND: We evaluated lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) activity in patients with stable coronary heart disease before and during treatment with darapladib, a selective Lp-PLA2 inhibitor, in relation to outcomes and the effects of darapl ... Full text Link to item Cite

Polypharmacy and effects of apixaban versus warfarin in patients with atrial fibrillation: post hoc analysis of the ARISTOTLE trial.

Journal Article BMJ · June 15, 2016 OBJECTIVE:  To determine whether the treatment effect of apixaban versus warfarin differs with increasing numbers of concomitant drugs used by patients with atrial fibrillation. DESIGN:  Post hoc analysis performed in 2015 of results from ARISTOTLE (apixab ... Full text Link to item Cite

The novel biomarker-based ABC (age, biomarkers, clinical history)-bleeding risk score for patients with atrial fibrillation: a derivation and validation study.

Journal Article Lancet · June 4, 2016 BACKGROUND: The benefit of oral anticoagulation in atrial fibrillation is based on a balance between reduction in ischaemic stroke and increase in major bleeding. We aimed to develop and validate a new biomarker-based risk score to improve the prognosticat ... Full text Link to item Cite

A clustered randomized trial to IMProve treatment with AntiCoagulanTs in patients with Atrial Fibrillation (IMPACT-AF): design and rationale.

Journal Article Am Heart J · June 2016 Atrial fibrillation (AF) is common, increasing as the population ages, and a major cause of embolic stroke. While oral anticoagulation (OAC) is highly effective at preventing stroke in patients with AF, it continues to be underused in eligible patients wor ... Full text Link to item Cite

Prognostic significance of anaemia in patients with heart failure with preserved and reduced ejection fraction: results from the MAGGIC individual patient data meta-analysis.

Journal Article QJM · June 2016 BACKGROUND: Anaemia is common among patients with heart failure (HF) and is an important prognostic marker. AIM: We sought to determine the prognostic importance of anaemia in a large multinational pooled dataset of prospectively enrolled HF patients, with ... Full text Link to item Cite

The ABC (age, biomarkers, clinical history) stroke risk score: a biomarker-based risk score for predicting stroke in atrial fibrillation.

Journal Article Eur Heart J · May 21, 2016 AIMS: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with an increased risk of stroke, which is currently estimated by clinical characteristics. The cardiac biomarkers N-terminal fragment B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and cardiac troponin high-sensitivity ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Long-Term Post-Discharge Risks in Older Survivors of Myocardial Infarction With and Without Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.

Journal Article J Am Coll Cardiol · May 3, 2016 BACKGROUND: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) associated with acute myocardial infarction (MI) confers high in-hospital mortality; however, among those patients who survive, little is known regarding their post-discharge mortality and health care use r ... Full text Link to item Cite

Do stable non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes require admission to coronary care units?

Journal Article Am Heart J · May 2016 BACKGROUND: Clinical practice guidelines recommend admitting patients with stable non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE ACS) to telemetry units, yet up to two-thirds of patients are admitted to higher-acuity critical care units (CCUs). The ... Full text Link to item Cite

History of bleeding and outcomes with apixaban versus warfarin in patients with atrial fibrillation in the Apixaban for Reduction in Stroke and Other Thromboembolic Events in Atrial Fibrillation trial.

Journal Article Am Heart J · May 2016 AIMS: History of bleeding strongly influences decisions for anticoagulation in atrial fibrillation (AF). We analyzed outcomes in relation to history of bleeding and randomization in ARISTOTLE trial patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: The on-treatment safety pop ... Full text Link to item Cite

North American Thrombosis Forum, AF Action Initiative Consensus Document.

Journal Article Am J Med · May 2016 The North American Thrombosis Forum Atrial Fibrillation Action Initiative consensus document is a comprehensive yet practical briefing document focusing on stroke and bleeding risk assessment in patients with atrial fibrillation, as well as recommendations ... Full text Link to item Cite

Relationship Between Infarct Size and Outcomes Following Primary PCI: Patient-Level Analysis From 10 Randomized Trials.

Journal Article J Am Coll Cardiol · April 12, 2016 BACKGROUND: Prompt reperfusion in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) reduces infarct size and improves survival. However, the intuitive link between infarct size and prognosis has not been convincingly demonstrated in the cont ... Full text Link to item Cite

Biomarkers of inflammation and risk of cardiovascular events in anticoagulated patients with atrial fibrillation.

Journal Article Heart · April 2016 OBJECTIVE: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a risk factor for stroke and mortality and the prothrombotic state has been linked to inflammation. In this study we evaluated the relationship between inflammatory biomarkers at baseline and future risk of cardiovasc ... Full text Link to item Cite

Association of standard clinical and laboratory variables with red blood cell distribution width.

Journal Article Am Heart J · April 2016 Featured Publication BACKGROUND: Red blood cell distribution width (RDW) strongly predicts clinical outcomes among patients with coronary disease and heart failure. The factors underpinning this association are unknown. METHODS: In 6,447 individuals enrolled in the Measurement ... Full text Link to item Cite

Health Information Technology: Meaningful Use and Next Steps to Improving Electronic Facilitation of Medication Adherence.

Journal Article JMIR Med Inform · March 15, 2016 BACKGROUND: The use of health information technology (HIT) may improve medication adherence, but challenges for implementation remain. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to review the current state of HIT as it relates to medication adherence programs, ac ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Renal failure in patients with ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention: Predictors, clinical and angiographic features, and outcomes.

Journal Article Am Heart J · March 2016 BACKGROUND: Among patients presenting with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) for primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), the associations between clinical outcomes and both baseline renal function and the development of acute kid ... Full text Link to item Cite

Post-Hospital Outcomes of Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction With Cardiogenic Shock: Findings From the NCDR.

Journal Article J Am Coll Cardiol · February 23, 2016 BACKGROUND: Many patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and cardiogenic shock survive hospitalization; little is known about their subsequent prognosis. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate the associations between cardiogenic shock and post- ... Full text Link to item Cite

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in patients with atrial fibrillation: Insights from the ARISTOTLE trial.

Journal Article Int J Cardiol · January 1, 2016 BACKGROUND: Comorbid chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with poor outcomes among patients with cardiovascular disease. The risks of stroke and mortality associated with COPD among patients with atrial fibrillation are not well under ... Full text Link to item Cite

Therapeutic Hypothermia for Patients with Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest in North Carolina.

Journal Article Prehosp Emerg Care · 2016 INTRODUCTION: While therapeutic hypothermia has been the standard of care for patients who suffer out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), recent trials have led to an advisory statement recommending a focus on targeted in-hospital temperature management and ... Full text Link to item Cite

RE-SPECT ESUS* Trial: Rationale and Design

Journal Article CEREBROVASCULAR DISEASES · January 1, 2016 Link to item Cite

Anticoagulant Agents

Chapter · January 1, 2016 Cite

Clinical outcomes in patients with atrial fibrillation according to sex during anticoagulation with apixaban or warfarin: a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial.

Journal Article Eur Heart J · December 7, 2015 AIM: To assess clinical outcomes, efficacy, and safety according to sex during anticoagulation with apixaban compared with warfarin in patients with atrial fibrillation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Apixaban for Reduction in Stroke and Other Thromboembolic Events ... Full text Link to item Cite

Design of Randomized, double-blind, Evaluation in secondary Stroke Prevention comparing the EfficaCy and safety of the oral Thrombin inhibitor dabigatran etexilate vs. acetylsalicylic acid in patients with Embolic Stroke of Undetermined Source (RE-SPECT ESUS).

Journal Article Int J Stroke · December 2015 RATIONALE: Cryptogenic ischemic strokes constitute 20-30% of ischemic strokes, the majority of which are embolic strokes of undetermined source. The standard preventive treatment in these patients is usually acetylsalicylic acid. AIM: The Randomized, doubl ... Full text Link to item Cite

Blood Pressure Control and Risk of Stroke or Systemic Embolism in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation: Results From the Apixaban for Reduction in Stroke and Other Thromboembolic Events in Atrial Fibrillation (ARISTOTLE) Trial.

Journal Article J Am Heart Assoc · December 1, 2015 BACKGROUND: Patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and hypertension are at high risk for stroke. Previous studies have shown elevated risk of stroke in patients with AF who have a history of hypertension (regardless of blood pressure [BP] control) and in p ... Full text Link to item Cite

A Guide for a Cardiovascular Genomics Biorepository: the CATHGEN Experience.

Journal Article J Cardiovasc Transl Res · November 2015 The CATHeterization GENetics (CATHGEN) biorepository was assembled in four phases. First, project start-up began in 2000. Second, between 2001 and 2010, we collected clinical data and biological samples from 9334 individuals undergoing cardiac catheterizat ... Full text Link to item Cite

The role of bystanders, first responders, and emergency medical service providers in timely defibrillation and related outcomes after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: Results from a statewide registry.

Journal Article Resuscitation · November 2015 AIM: Defibrillation by bystanders and first responders has been associated with increased survival, but limited data are available from non-metropolitan areas. We examined time from 911-call to defibrillation (according to who defibrillated patients) and s ... Full text Link to item Cite

A comprehensive 1,000 Genomes-based genome-wide association meta-analysis of coronary artery disease.

Journal Article Nat Genet · October 2015 Existing knowledge of genetic variants affecting risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) is largely based on genome-wide association study (GWAS) analysis of common SNPs. Leveraging phased haplotypes from the 1000 Genomes Project, we report a GWAS meta-analy ... Full text Link to item Cite

Novel therapeutics in myocardial infarction: targeting microvascular dysfunction and reperfusion injury.

Journal Article Trends Pharmacol Sci · September 2015 Despite the large number of novel therapies under basic scientific investigation, the translation of cardioprotective strategies targeting reperfusion injury to improve patient outcomes following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for myocardial infa ... Full text Link to item Cite

Direct Transfer From the Referring Hospitals to the Catheterization Laboratory to Minimize Reperfusion Delays for Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: Insights From the National Cardiovascular Data Registry.

Journal Article Circ Cardiovasc Interv · September 2015 BACKGROUND: For patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) requiring interhospital transfer for primary percutaneous coronary intervention, direct transfer from the STEMI referral hospital to the catheterization laboratory (cath lab) ... Full text Link to item Cite

Fundamentals of clinical trials

Book · August 27, 2015 This is the fifth edition of a very successful textbook on clinical trials methodology, written by recognized leaders who have long and extensive experience in all areas of clinical trials. The three authors of the first four editions have been joined by t ... Full text Cite

Apixaban in Comparison With Warfarin in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation and Valvular Heart Disease: Findings From the Apixaban for Reduction in Stroke and Other Thromboembolic Events in Atrial Fibrillation (ARISTOTLE) Trial.

Conference Circulation · August 25, 2015 BACKGROUND: Apixaban is approved for the prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation. However, the Apixaban for Reduction in Stroke and Other Thromboembolic Events in Atrial Fibrillation (ARISTOTLE) trial inc ... Full text Link to item Cite

Association of Bystander and First-Responder Intervention With Survival After Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest in North Carolina, 2010-2013.

Journal Article JAMA · July 21, 2015 IMPORTANCE: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest is associated with low survival, but early cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and defibrillation can improve outcomes if more widely adopted. OBJECTIVE: To examine temporal changes in bystander and first-responde ... Full text Link to item Cite

Oral anticoagulants for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation: current status, special situations, and unmet needs.

Journal Article Lancet · July 18, 2015 In patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation, oral anticoagulation with vitamin K antagonists reduces the risk of stroke by more than 60%. But vitamin K antagonists have limitations, including causing serious bleeding such as intracranial haemorrhage ... Full text Link to item Cite

Late Consequences of Acute Coronary Syndromes: Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) Follow-up.

Journal Article Am J Med · July 2015 PURPOSE: Short-term outcomes have been well characterized in acute coronary syndromes; however, longer-term follow-up for the entire spectrum of these patients, including ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction, non-ST-segment-elevation myocardial infar ... Full text Link to item Cite

Systems Genetics Analysis of Genome-Wide Association Study Reveals Novel Associations Between Key Biological Processes and Coronary Artery Disease.

Journal Article Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol · July 2015 OBJECTIVE: Genome-wide association studies have identified multiple genetic variants affecting the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD). However, individually these explain only a small fraction of the heritability of CAD and for most, the causal biologic ... Full text Link to item Cite

Anticoagulation for atrial fibrillation in argentina: Progress and opportunity

Journal Article Revista Argentina de Cardiologia · June 1, 2015 Full text Cite

Clinical outcomes and management associated with major bleeding in patients with atrial fibrillation treated with apixaban or warfarin: insights from the ARISTOTLE trial.

Journal Article Eur Heart J · May 21, 2015 AIM: In the Apixaban for Reduction in Stroke and Other Thromboembolic Events in Atrial Fibrillation (ARISTOTLE) trial, apixaban compared with warfarin reduced the risk of stroke, major bleed, and death in patients with atrial fibrillation. In this ancillar ... Full text Link to item Cite

Outcomes after nonemergent electrical cardioversion for atrial arrhythmias.

Journal Article Am J Cardiol · May 15, 2015 Electrical cardioversion (ECV) is recommended for rhythm control in patients with atrial arrhythmia; yet, ECV use and outcomes in contemporary practice are unknown. We reviewed all nonemergent ECVs for atrial arrhythmias at a tertiary care center (2010 to ... Full text Link to item Cite

Patient load effects on response time to critical arrhythmias in cardiac telemetry: a randomized trial.

Journal Article Crit Care Med · May 2015 OBJECTIVES: Remotely monitored patients may be at risk for a delayed response to critical arrhythmias if the telemetry watchers who monitor them are subject to an excessive patient load. There are no guidelines or studies regarding the appropriate number o ... Full text Link to item Cite

Registry-based randomized clinical trials--a new clinical trial paradigm.

Journal Article Nat Rev Cardiol · May 2015 Randomized clinical trials provide the foundation of clinical evidence to guide physicians in their selection of treatment options. Importantly, randomization is the only reliable method to control for confounding factors when comparing treatment groups. H ... Full text Link to item Cite

Rationale, design, and baseline characteristics in Evaluation of LIXisenatide in Acute Coronary Syndrome, a long-term cardiovascular end point trial of lixisenatide versus placebo.

Journal Article Am Heart J · May 2015 BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular (CV) disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Furthermore, patients with T2DM and acute coronary syndrome (ACS) have a particularly high risk of CV events. The gluc ... Full text Link to item Cite

Practical management of anticoagulation in patients with atrial fibrillation.

Journal Article J Am Coll Cardiol · April 7, 2015 Anticoagulation for atrial fibrillation has become more complex due to the introduction of new anticoagulant agents, the number and kinds of patients requiring therapy, and the interactions of those patients in the matrix of care. The management of anticoa ... Full text Link to item Cite

Long-term mortality of patients with atrial fibrillation undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention with stent implantation for acute and stable coronary artery disease.

Journal Article Int J Cardiol · April 1, 2015 BACKGROUND: Patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) are of increased risk for ischemic and bleeding complications, particularly when requiring aggressive antithrombotic therapy after coronary stenting. However, data from unselected patients on long-term mor ... Full text Link to item Cite

Clinical outcomes of patients with diabetes and atrial fibrillation treated with apixaban: results from the ARISTOTLE trial.

Journal Article Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Pharmacother · April 2015 AIMS: We compared clinical outcomes in patients with AF with and without diabetes in the Apixaban for Reduction in Stroke and Other Thromboembolic Events in Atrial Fibrillation trial. METHODS AND RESULTS: The main efficacy endpoints were SSE and mortality; ... Full text Link to item Cite

Strategic transformation of population studies: recommendations of the working group on epidemiology and population sciences from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Advisory Council and Board of External Experts.

Journal Article Am J Epidemiol · March 15, 2015 In 2013, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute assembled a working group on epidemiology and population sciences from its Advisory Council and Board of External Experts. The working group was charged with making recommendations to the National Hear ... Full text Link to item Cite

Prognostic importance of temporal changes in resting heart rate in heart failure patients: an analysis of the CHARM program.

Journal Article Eur Heart J · March 14, 2015 BACKGROUND: Resting heart rate (HR) is a predictor of adverse outcome in patients with heart failure (HF). Whether changes in HR over time in patients with chronic HF are also associated with adverse outcome is unknown. We explored the relationship between ... Full text Link to item Cite

Potential relief for refractory angina.

Journal Article N Engl J Med · February 5, 2015 Full text Link to item Cite

Catheter ablation for ventricular tachycardia in patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (CALYPSO) pilot trial.

Journal Article J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol · February 2015 INTRODUCTION: We conducted this pilot randomized clinical trial to determine the feasibility of a large clinical trial aimed at testing whether early use of catheter ablation of ventricular tachycardia (VT) is superior to antiarrhythmic medications at redu ... Full text Link to item Cite

Simultaneous consideration of multiple candidate protein biomarkers for long-term risk for cardiovascular events.

Journal Article Circ Cardiovasc Genet · February 2015 BACKGROUND: Although individual protein biomarkers are associated with cardiovascular risk, rarely have multiple proteins been considered simultaneously to identify which set of proteins best predicts risk. METHODS AND RESULTS: In a nested case-control stu ... Full text Link to item Cite

Fibrinolysis use among patients requiring interhospital transfer for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction care: a report from the US National Cardiovascular Data Registry.

Journal Article JAMA Intern Med · February 2015 IMPORTANCE: Guidelines for patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) recommend timely reperfusion with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) or fibrinolysis. Among patients with STEMI who require interhospital transfer, i ... Full text Link to item Cite

Comparison of cardiac troponins I and T measured with high-sensitivity methods for evaluation of prognosis in atrial fibrillation: an ARISTOTLE substudy.

Journal Article Clin Chem · February 2015 BACKGROUND: Although cardiac troponin is associated with outcomes in atrial fibrillation (AF), the complementary prognostic information provided by cardiac troponin I (cTnI) and cTnT is unknown. This study investigated the distribution, determinants, and p ... Full text Link to item Cite

Clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with angina and heart failure in the CHARM (Candesartan in Heart Failure Assessment of Reduction in Mortality and Morbidity) Programme.

Journal Article Eur J Heart Fail · February 2015 AIMS: To investigate the relationship between angina pectoris and fatal and non-fatal clinical outcomes in heart failure with reduced and preserved ejection fraction (HF-REF and HF-PEF, respectively). METHODS AND RESULTS: Of 7599 patients in the CHARM prog ... Full text Link to item Cite

International geographic variation in event rates in trials of heart failure with preserved and reduced ejection fraction.

Journal Article Circulation · January 6, 2015 BACKGROUND: International geographic differences in outcomes may exist for clinical trials of heart failure and reduced ejection fraction (HF-REF), but there are few data for those with preserved ejection fraction (HF-PEF). METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed ... Full text Link to item Cite

The unmet need for addressing cardiac issues in intensive care research.

Journal Article Crit Care Med · January 2015 OBJECTIVE: Patients with primary cardiovascular disorders and comorbidities are commonly admitted to ICUs; however, little is known about the current state of cardiac research being conducted in these adult ICU patients. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. PAT ... Full text Link to item Cite

Clinical events after transitioning from apixaban versus warfarin to warfarin at the end of the Apixaban for Reduction in Stroke and Other Thromboembolic Events in Atrial Fibrillation (ARISTOTLE) trial.

Journal Article Am Heart J · January 2015 BACKGROUND: We sought to assess the occurrence of events after blinded study drug discontinuation and transition to open-label vitamin K antagonist (VKA) in ARISTOTLE. METHODS: At the end of ARISTOTLE, blinded study drug was stopped, and open-label VKA was ... Full text Link to item Cite

Improving diabetes medication adherence: successful, scalable interventions.

Journal Article Patient Prefer Adherence · 2015 Effective medications are a cornerstone of prevention and disease treatment, yet only about half of patients take their medications as prescribed, resulting in a common and costly public health challenge for the US health care system. Since poor medication ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Potential relief for refractory Angina

Journal Article New England Journal of Medicine · January 1, 2015 Full text Cite

Sex, prescribing practices and guideline recommended, blood pressure, and LDL cholesterol targets at baseline in the BARI 2D trial

Journal Article International Journal of Endocrinology · January 1, 2015 Background. Research has shown less aggressive treatment and poorer control of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in women than men. Methods. We analyzed sex differences in pharmacotherapy strategies and attainment of goals for hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c ... Full text Cite

Management and clinical outcomes in patients treated with apixaban vs warfarin undergoing procedures.

Journal Article Blood · December 11, 2014 Using data from ARISTOTLE, we describe the periprocedural management of anticoagulation and rates of subsequent clinical outcomes among patients chronically anticoagulated with warfarin or apixaban. We recorded whether (and for how long) anticoagulant ther ... Full text Link to item Cite

Extent, location, and clinical significance of non-infarct-related coronary artery disease among patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction.

Journal Article JAMA · November 19, 2014 IMPORTANCE: Little information exists about the anatomical characteristics and clinical relevance of non-infarct-related artery (IRA) disease among patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). OBJECTIVES: To investigate the incidence, ... Full text Link to item Cite

Growth differentiation factor 15, a marker of oxidative stress and inflammation, for risk assessment in patients with atrial fibrillation: insights from the Apixaban for Reduction in Stroke and Other Thromboembolic Events in Atrial Fibrillation (ARISTOTLE) trial.

Journal Article Circulation · November 18, 2014 BACKGROUND: Growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF-15), high-sensitivity troponin, and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide levels are predictive of death and cardiovascular events in healthy elderly subjects, patients with acute coronary syndrome, and ... Full text Link to item Cite

Antiplatelet and anticoagulation agents in acute coronary syndromes: what is the current status and what does the future hold?

Journal Article Am Heart J · November 2014 Mortality and morbidity in acute coronary syndromes (ACSs), caused principally by plaque erosion or rupture leading to thrombus formation and myocardial ischemia, have been reduced by a combination of antithrombotic agents (antiplatelet drugs and anticoagu ... Full text Link to item Cite

Association of neighborhood characteristics with incidence of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest and rates of bystander-initiated CPR: implications for community-based education intervention.

Journal Article Resuscitation · November 2014 OBJECTIVE: A 10-fold regional variation in survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) has been reported in the United States, which partly relates to variability in bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) rates. In order for resources to be ... Full text Link to item Cite

How can we optimize the processes of care for acute coronary syndromes to improve outcomes?

Journal Article Am Heart J · November 2014 Acute coronary syndromes (ACS), either ST-elevation myocardial infarction or non-ST-elevation ACS, are still one of the most common cardiac emergencies with substantial morbidity and mortality. The availability of evidence-based treatments, such as early a ... Full text Link to item Cite

Influence of hospitalization for cardiovascular versus noncardiovascular reasons on subsequent mortality in patients with chronic heart failure across the spectrum of ejection fraction.

Journal Article Circ Heart Fail · November 2014 BACKGROUND: Noncardiovascular (non-CV) comorbidities may contribute to hospitalizations in patients with heart failure (HF). We examined the incidence of mortality following hospitalization for cardiovascular (CV) versus non-CV reasons in the Candesartan i ... Full text Link to item Cite

Amiodarone, anticoagulation, and clinical events in patients with atrial fibrillation: insights from the ARISTOTLE trial.

Journal Article J Am Coll Cardiol · October 14, 2014 BACKGROUND: Amiodarone is an effective medication in preventing atrial fibrillation (AF), but it interferes with the metabolism of warfarin. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to examine the association of major thrombotic clinical events and bleeding with the ... Full text Link to item Cite

Prognostic implications of creatine kinase-MB measurements in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention.

Journal Article Am Heart J · October 2014 BACKGROUND: Peak creatine kinase (CK)-MB concentration is related to reperfusion success and clinical outcomes after fibrinolytic therapy for acute myocardial infarction. However, prognostic implications of CK-MB measurements after primary percutaneous cor ... Full text Link to item Cite

The effect of indapamide versus hydrochlorothiazide on ventricular and arterial function in patients with hypertension and diabetes: results of a randomized trial.

Journal Article Am Heart J · October 2014 OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to compare the effects of 2 types of diuretics, indapamide and hydrochlorothiazide, added to an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, on ventricular and arterial functions in patients with hypertension and diabe ... Full text Link to item Cite

Losmapimod, a novel p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase inhibitor, in non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction: a randomised phase 2 trial.

Journal Article Lancet · September 27, 2014 BACKGROUND: p38 MAPK inhibition has potential myocardial protective effects. We assessed losmapimod, a potent oral p38 MAPK inhibitor, in patients with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) in a double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlle ... Full text Link to item Cite

Use of antiarrhythmic drug therapy and clinical outcomes in older patients with concomitant atrial fibrillation and coronary artery disease.

Journal Article Europace · September 2014 AIMS: Atrial fibrillation (AF) and coronary artery disease (CAD) are common in older patients. We aimed to describe the use of antiarrhythmic drug (AAD) therapy and clinical outcomes in these patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analysed AAD therapy and outco ... Full text Link to item Cite

D-dimer and risk of thromboembolic and bleeding events in patients with atrial fibrillation--observations from the ARISTOTLE trial.

Journal Article J Thromb Haemost · September 2014 BACKGROUND: D-dimer is related to adverse outcomes in arterial and venous thromboembolic diseases. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the predictive value of D-dimer level for stroke, other cardiovascular events, and bleeds, in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) ... Full text Link to item Cite

Diurnal variations in incidence and outcome of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest including prior comorbidity and pharmacotherapy: a nationwide study in Denmark.

Journal Article Resuscitation · September 2014 AIM: To investigate diurnal variations in incidence and outcomes following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). METHODS: OHCA of presumed cardiac etiology were identified through the nationwide Danish Cardiac Arrest Registry (2001-2010). Time of day was ... Full text Link to item Cite

Addressing barriers to optimal oral anticoagulation use and persistence among patients with atrial fibrillation: Proceedings, Washington, DC, December 3-4, 2012.

Journal Article Am Heart J · September 2014 Approximately half of patients with atrial fibrillation and with risk factors for stroke are not treated with oral anticoagulation (OAC), whether it be with vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) or novel OACs (NOACs); and of those treated, many discontinue treatmen ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

In-hospital switching between clopidogrel and prasugrel among patients with acute myocardial infarction treated with percutaneous coronary intervention: insights into contemporary practice from the national cardiovascular data registry.

Journal Article Circ Cardiovasc Interv · August 2014 BACKGROUND: Although randomized clinical trials have compared clopidogrel with higher potency ADP receptor inhibitors (ADPris) among patients with myocardial infarction, little is known about the frequency and factors associated with switching between ADPr ... Full text Link to item Cite

Efficacy and safety of apixaban compared with warfarin according to age for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation: observations from the ARISTOTLE trial.

Journal Article Eur Heart J · July 21, 2014 AIMS: The risk of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) increases with age. In the ARISTOTLE trial, apixaban when compared with warfarin reduced the rate of stroke, death, and bleeding. We evaluated these outcomes in relation to patient age. MET ... Full text Link to item Cite

Influence of previous heart failure hospitalization on cardiovascular events in patients with reduced and preserved ejection fraction.

Journal Article Circ Heart Fail · July 2014 BACKGROUND: Hospitalization for acute heart failure (HF) is associated with high rates of subsequent mortality and readmission. We assessed the influence of the time interval between previous HF hospitalization and randomization in the Candesartan in Heart ... Full text Link to item Cite

The organization, function, and outcomes of ST-elevation myocardial infarction networks worldwide: current state, unmet needs and future directions.

Journal Article Eur Heart J · June 14, 2014 The organization of networks in order to better coordinate and to faster offer reperfusion strategies for acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is an important recommendation of recent versions of international guidelines. This article focusses ... Full text Link to item Cite

Reperfusion strategies in acute coronary syndromes.

Journal Article Circ Res · June 6, 2014 The appropriate timing of angiography to facilitate revascularization is essential to optimize outcomes in patents with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction and non-ST-segment-elevation acute coronary syndromes. Timely reperfusion of the infarct-rela ... Full text Link to item Cite

The cost implications of an early versus delayed invasive strategy in Acute Coronary Syndromes: the TIMACS study.

Journal Article J Med Econ · June 2014 BACKGROUND: The Timing of Intervention in Acute Coronary Syndromes (TIMACS) trial demonstrated that early invasive intervention (within 24 hours) was similar to a delayed approach (after 36 hours) overall but improved outcomes were seen in patients at high ... Full text Link to item Cite

Major bleeding in patients with atrial fibrillation receiving apixaban or warfarin: The ARISTOTLE Trial (Apixaban for Reduction in Stroke and Other Thromboembolic Events in Atrial Fibrillation): Predictors, Characteristics, and Clinical Outcomes.

Journal Article J Am Coll Cardiol · May 27, 2014 OBJECTIVES: This study sought to characterize major bleeding on the basis of the components of the major bleeding definition, to explore major bleeding by location, to define 30-day mortality after a major bleeding event, and to identify factors associated ... Full text Link to item Cite

Darapladib for preventing ischemic events in stable coronary heart disease.

Journal Article N Engl J Med · May 1, 2014 BACKGROUND: Elevated lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 activity promotes the development of vulnerable atherosclerotic plaques, and elevated plasma levels of this enzyme are associated with an increased risk of coronary events. Darapladib is a select ... Full text Link to item Cite

Embolic strokes of undetermined source: the case for a new clinical construct.

Journal Article Lancet Neurol · April 2014 Cryptogenic (of unknown cause) ischaemic strokes are now thought to comprise about 25% of all ischaemic strokes. Advances in imaging techniques and improved understanding of stroke pathophysiology have prompted a reassessment of cryptogenic stroke. There i ... Full text Link to item Cite

Warfarin use and long-term outcomes in patients with acute myocardial infarction and atrial fibrillation.

Journal Article J Thromb Thrombolysis · April 2014 Warfarin use in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and atrial fibrillation (AF) remains challenging. We describe use of warfarin up to 1 year after hospitalization among patients with AMI and AF according to stroke and bleeding risk, and ident ... Full text Link to item Cite

Efficacy and safety of apixaban in patients after cardioversion for atrial fibrillation: insights from the ARISTOTLE Trial (Apixaban for Reduction in Stroke and Other Thromboembolic Events in Atrial Fibrillation).

Journal Article J Am Coll Cardiol · March 25, 2014 OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the risk of major clinical and thromboembolic events after cardioversion for atrial fibrillation in subjects treated with apixaban, an oral factor Xa inhibitor, compared with warfarin. BACKGROUND: In patie ... Full text Link to item Cite

High-sensitivity troponin I for risk assessment in patients with atrial fibrillation: insights from the Apixaban for Reduction in Stroke and other Thromboembolic Events in Atrial Fibrillation (ARISTOTLE) trial.

Journal Article Circulation · February 11, 2014 BACKGROUND: High-sensitivity troponin-I (hs-TnI) measurement improves risk assessment for cardiovascular events in many clinical settings, but the added value in atrial fibrillation patients has not been described. METHODS AND RESULTS: At randomization, hs ... Full text Link to item Cite

High-sensitivity troponin T and risk stratification in patients with atrial fibrillation during treatment with apixaban or warfarin.

Conference J Am Coll Cardiol · January 7, 2014 OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of high-sensitivity troponin T (hs-TnT) in addition to clinical risk factors and the CHA2DS2VASc (congestive heart failure, hypertension, 75 years of age and older, diabetes mellitus, p ... Full text Link to item Cite

Regional systems of care demonstration project: Mission: Lifeline STEMI Systems Accelerator: design and methodology.

Journal Article Am Heart J · January 2014 ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) systems of care have been associated with significant improvement in use and timeliness of reperfusion. Consequently, national guidelines recommend that each community should develop a regional STEMI care ... Full text Link to item Cite

Validation of the association between a branched chain amino acid metabolite profile and extremes of coronary artery disease in patients referred for cardiac catheterization.

Journal Article Atherosclerosis · January 2014 OBJECTIVE: To validate independent associations between branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) and other metabolites with coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: We conducted mass-spectrometry-based profiling of 63 metabolites in fasting plasma from 1983 sequen ... Full text Link to item Cite

Analysing recurrent hospitalizations in heart failure: a review of statistical methodology, with application to CHARM-Preserved.

Journal Article Eur J Heart Fail · January 2014 AIMS: Heart failure is characterized by recurrent hospitalizations, but often only the first event is considered in clinical trial reports. In chronic diseases, such as heart failure, analysing all events gives a more complete picture of treatment benefit. ... Full text Link to item Cite

Prognostic implications of quantitative evaluation of baseline Q-wave width in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.

Journal Article J Electrocardiol · 2014 OBJECTIVES: To evaluate quantitative relationships between baseline Q-wave width and 90-day outcomes in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). BACKGROUND: Baseline Q-waves are useful in predicting clinical outcomes after MI. METHODS: 3589 STEM ... Full text Link to item Cite

Atrial fibrillation: a review of recent studies with a focus on those from the duke clinical research institute.

Journal Article Scientifica (Cairo) · 2014 Atrial fibrillation is the most common arrhythmia and accounts for one-third of hospitalizations for rhythm disorders in the United States. The prevalence of atrial fibrillation averages 1% and increases with age. With the aging of the population, the numb ... Full text Link to item Cite

Apixaban vs. warfarin with concomitant aspirin in patients with atrial fibrillation: insights from the ARISTOTLE trial.

Journal Article Eur Heart J · January 2014 AIMS: We assessed the effect of concomitant aspirin use on the efficacy and safety of apixaban compared with warfarin in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS AND RESULTS: In ARISTOTLE, 18 201 patients were randomized to apixaban 5 mg twice daily ... Full text Link to item Cite

Temporal differences in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest incidence and survival.

Journal Article Circulation · December 17, 2013 BACKGROUND: Understanding temporal differences in the incidence and outcomes of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) has important implications for developing preventative strategies and optimizing systems for OHCA care. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 18 ... Full text Link to item Cite

Apixaban in patients with atrial fibrillation and prior coronary artery disease: insights from the ARISTOTLE trial.

Journal Article Int J Cardiol · December 10, 2013 BACKGROUND: A substantial portion of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) also have coronary artery disease (CAD) and are at risk for coronary events. Warfarin is known to reduce these events, but increase the risk of bleeding. We assessed the effects of ... Full text Link to item Cite

Clinical characteristics and outcomes of young and very young adults with heart failure: The CHARM programme (Candesartan in Heart Failure Assessment of Reduction in Mortality and Morbidity).

Journal Article J Am Coll Cardiol · November 12, 2013 OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the characteristics and outcomes of young adults with heart failure (HF). BACKGROUND: Few studies have focused on young and very young adults with HF. METHODS: Patients were categorized into 5 age groups: 20 to 39 ... Full text Link to item Cite

Physical activity in patients with stable coronary heart disease: an international perspective.

Journal Article Eur Heart J · November 2013 AIMS: Despite the known benefits of regular exercise, the reasons why many coronary heart disease (CHD) patients engage in little physical activity are not well understood. This study identifies factors associated with low activity levels in individuals wi ... Full text Link to item Cite

Known and missing left ventricular ejection fraction and survival in patients with heart failure: a MAGGIC meta-analysis report.

Journal Article Eur J Heart Fail · November 2013 AIMS: Treatment of patients with heart failure (HF) relies on measurement of LVEF. However, the extent to which EF is recorded varies markedly. We sought to characterize the patient group that is missing a measure of EF, and to explore the association betw ... Full text Link to item Cite

Prognostic implications of left ventricular end-diastolic pressure during primary percutaneous coronary intervention for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction: Findings from the Assessment of Pexelizumab in Acute Myocardial Infarction study.

Journal Article Am Heart J · November 2013 BACKGROUND: Left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) is frequently measured during primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, little is known of this measurement's utility in predicting outcomes or informing treatment decisions. We s ... Full text Link to item Cite

Prognostic relevance of baseline pro- and anti-inflammatory markers in STEMI: an APEX AMI substudy.

Journal Article Int J Cardiol · October 3, 2013 BACKGROUND: Plaque rupture, acute ischemia, and necrosis in acute coronary syndromes are accompanied by concurrent pro- and anti-inflammatory cascades. Whether STEMI clinical prediction models can be improved with the addition of baseline inflammatory biom ... Full text Link to item Cite

Multistate implementation of guideline-based cardiac resuscitation systems of care: description of the HeartRescue project.

Journal Article Am Heart J · October 2013 BACKGROUND: There is large and significant regional variation in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), and despite advances in treatment, survival remains low. The American Heart Association has called for the creation of integrated cardiac resuscitation ... Full text Link to item Cite

Dabigatran versus warfarin in patients with mechanical heart valves.

Journal Article N Engl J Med · September 26, 2013 BACKGROUND: Dabigatran is an oral direct thrombin inhibitor that has been shown to be an effective alternative to warfarin in patients with atrial fibrillation. We evaluated the use of dabigatran in patients with mechanical heart valves. METHODS: In this p ... Full text Link to item Cite

Management and outcomes of patients presenting with STEMI by use of chronic oral anticoagulation: results from the GRACE registry.

Journal Article Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care · September 2013 AIMS: To describe the characteristics, treatment, and mortality in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) by use of chronic oral anticoagulant (OAC) therapy. METHODS: Using data from the Global Registry of Acute Coronary Syndromes (GRACE) ... Full text Link to item Cite

The systemic inflammatory response syndrome in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.

Journal Article Crit Care Med · September 2013 OBJECTIVES: To assess whether systemic inflammatory response syndrome is associated with morbidity and mortality in ST-elevation myocardial infarction. DESIGN AND SETTING: Secondary analysis of multicenter randomized controlled trials. PATIENTS: Complement ... Full text Link to item Cite

A review of apixaban for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation: insights from ARISTOTLE.

Journal Article Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther · September 2013 Atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with significant mortality and morbidity, and stroke represents the most-feared complication. Consequently, AF treatment has focused on thromboprophylaxis, with warfarin as the mainstay of therapy. However, concerns o ... Full text Link to item Cite

Documentation of study medication dispensing in a prospective large randomized clinical trial: experiences from the ARISTOTLE Trial.

Journal Article Am Heart J · September 2013 BACKGROUND: In ARISTOTLE, apixaban resulted in a 21% reduction in stroke, a 31% reduction in major bleeding, and an 11% reduction in death. However, approval of apixaban was delayed to investigate a statement in the clinical study report that "7.3% of subj ... Full text Link to item Cite

Apixaban versus warfarin in patients with atrial fibrillation according to prior warfarin use: results from the Apixaban for Reduction in Stroke and Other Thromboembolic Events in Atrial Fibrillation trial.

Journal Article Am Heart J · September 2013 BACKGROUND: Patients with atrial fibrillation who are vitamin K antagonist (VKA)-naive may have a higher risk of thrombosis and/or bleeding than VKA-experienced patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using data from ARISTOTLE, we assessed baseline characteristics ... Full text Link to item Cite

Alcohol withdrawal prevention: a randomized evaluation of lorazepam and ethanol--a pilot study.

Journal Article Am J Crit Care · September 2013 BACKGROUND: Alcohol withdrawal syndrome, characterized by confusion, agitation, and hallucinations, decreases the safety of patients with acute myocardial infarction. Unexpected hospitalization and sudden cessation of alcohol consumption may increase in-ho ... Full text Link to item Cite

Applying antithrombotic therapies to improve outcomes in patients with atrial fibrillation.

Journal Article Am J Cardiol · August 15, 2013 Approximately 15% to 25% or 75,000 ischemic strokes are attributed to atrial fibrillation annually within the United States. Atrial fibrillation is the most frequently diagnosed cardiac arrhythmia and affects more than 2.66 million Americans. Moreover, atr ... Full text Link to item Cite

Outcomes of apixaban vs. warfarin by type and duration of atrial fibrillation: results from the ARISTOTLE trial.

Journal Article Eur Heart J · August 2013 AIMS: It is uncertain whether the benefit from apixaban varies by type and duration of atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 18 201 patients with AF [2786 (15.3%) with paroxysmal and 15 412 (84.7%) with persistent or permanent] were ran ... Full text Link to item Cite

Novel oral anticoagulants in gastroenterology practice.

Journal Article Gastrointest Endosc · August 2013 Full text Link to item Cite

The forgotten lead: does aVR ST-deviation add insight into the outcomes of ST-elevation myocardial infarction patients?

Journal Article Am Heart J · August 2013 BACKGROUND: Lead aVR ST-segment deviation has been associated with increased mortality in ST-elevation myocardial infarction patients treated with fibrinolysis. However, its prognostic value in a contemporaneous population undergoing primary percutaneous c ... Full text Link to item Cite

Bypassing the emergency department and time to reperfusion in patients with prehospital ST-segment-elevation: findings from the reperfusion in acute myocardial infarction in Carolina Emergency Departments project.

Journal Article Circ Cardiovasc Interv · August 2013 BACKGROUND: Among patients identified prehospital with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction, emergency medical service transport from the field directly to the catheterization laboratory, thereby bypassing the emergency department (ED), may shorten t ... Full text Link to item Cite

Emergency department bypass for ST-Segment-elevation myocardial infarction patients identified with a prehospital electrocardiogram: a report from the American Heart Association Mission: Lifeline program.

Journal Article Circulation · July 23, 2013 BACKGROUND: For patients identified before hospital arrival with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction, bypassing the emergency department (ED) with direct transport to the catheterization laboratory may shorten reperfusion times. METHODS AND RESULTS: ... Full text Link to item Cite

Highlights from the fifth international symposium of thrombosis and anticoagulation (ISTA V), October 18-19, 2012, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Journal Article J Thromb Thrombolysis · July 2013 To discuss and share knowledge about advances in the care of patients with thrombotic disorders, the Fifth International Symposium of Thrombosis and Anticoagulation was held in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, on October 18-19, 2012. This scientific p ... Full text Link to item Cite

N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide for risk assessment in patients with atrial fibrillation: insights from the ARISTOTLE Trial (Apixaban for the Prevention of Stroke in Subjects With Atrial Fibrillation).

Journal Article J Am Coll Cardiol · June 4, 2013 OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess the prognostic value of N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) enrolled in the ARISTOTLE (Apixaban for the Prevention of Stroke in Subjects With Atrial Fibrill ... Full text Link to item Cite

Efficacy and safety of apixaban compared with warfarin at different levels of predicted international normalized ratio control for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation.

Journal Article Circulation · June 4, 2013 BACKGROUND: In the Apixaban for Reduction in Stroke and Other Thromboembolic Events in Atrial Fibrillation (ARISTOTLE) trial, apixaban compared with warfarin reduced stroke and systemic embolism, major bleeding, and mortality. We evaluated treatment effect ... Full text Link to item Cite

Rescuing clinical trials in the United States and beyond: a call for action.

Journal Article Am Heart J · June 2013 Numerous challenges-financial, regulatory, and cultural-are hindering US participation and performance in multinational clinical trials. Consequently, it is increasingly unclear how the results of these trials should be applied to American patients, practi ... Full text Link to item Cite

Cardiovascular clinical research in South America.

Journal Article Am Heart J · June 2013 In recent years, international clinical trials have increasingly included large numbers of patients and research sites from developing countries. In South America particularly, enrollment in randomized clinical trials has increased substantially. Despite t ... Full text Link to item Cite

Heart failure complicating non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome: timing, predictors, and clinical outcomes.

Journal Article JACC Heart Fail · June 2013 OBJECTIVES: This study sought to describe the occurrence and timing of heart failure (HF), associated clinical factors, and 30-day outcomes in patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE-ACS). BACKGROUND: Little is known about HF- ... Full text Link to item Cite

Methods of creatine kinase-MB analysis to predict mortality in patients with myocardial infarction treated with reperfusion therapy.

Journal Article Trials · May 2, 2013 BACKGROUND: Larger infarct size measured by creatine kinase (CK)-MB release is associated with higher mortality and has been used as an important surrogate endpoint in the evaluation of new treatments for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Left ventricular systolic dysfunction, heart failure, and the risk of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with atrial fibrillation: insights from the ARISTOTLE trial.

Journal Article Circ Heart Fail · May 2013 BACKGROUND: We examined the risk of stroke or systemic embolism (SSE) conferred by heart failure (HF) and left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) in the Apixaban for Reduction in Stroke and Other Thromboembolic Events in Atrial Fibrillation Trial (ARI ... Full text Link to item Cite

The reply.

Journal Article Am J Med · May 2013 Full text Link to item Cite

Biomarkers in atrial fibrillation: a clinical review.

Journal Article Eur Heart J · May 2013 Assessment of atrial fibrillation (AF)-associated stroke risk is at present mainly based on clinical risk scores such as CHADS2 and CHA2DS2-VASc, although these scores provide only modest discrimination of risk for individual patients. Biomarkers derived f ... Full text Link to item Cite

Stroke after primary percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction: timing, characteristics, and clinical outcomes.

Journal Article Circ Cardiovasc Interv · April 2013 BACKGROUND: Stroke is a rare but potentially devastating complication of acute myocardial infarction. Little is known about stroke timing, characteristics, and clinical outcomes in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction treated with prima ... Full text Link to item Cite

Dynamic modeling of 90-day mortality in ST-elevation myocardial infarction patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention.

Journal Article Am Heart J · March 2013 AIMS: Dynamic risk models update the risk profile of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients over the acute period following the event and have implications to clinical practice and research. METHODS AND RESULTS: Multivariable survival models w ... Full text Link to item Cite

Prehospital system delay in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction care: a novel linkage of emergency medicine services and in hospital registry data.

Journal Article Am Heart J · March 2013 BACKGROUND: Emergency medical services (EMS) are critical in the treatment of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Prehospital system delays are an important target for improving timely STEMI care, yet few limited data are available. METHODS ... Full text Link to item Cite

Critical care cardiology research: a call to action.

Journal Article Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes · March 1, 2013 Full text Link to item Cite

The impact of a statewide pre-hospital STEMI strategy to bypass hospitals without percutaneous coronary intervention capability on treatment times.

Journal Article Circulation · February 5, 2013 BACKGROUND: The ultimate treatment goal for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is rapid reperfusion via primary percutaneous intervention (PCI). North Carolina has adopted a statewide STEMI referral strategy that advises paramedics to bypas ... Full text Link to item Cite

Enhancing the efficacy of delivering reperfusion therapy: a European and North American experience with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction networks.

Journal Article Am Heart J · February 2013 Advances in technique and adjunctive medication have improved outcome of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients. However, the timely delivery and administration of reperfusion strategies to all eligible patients remain challenging. Cur ... Full text Link to item Cite

Aborted myocardial infarction after primary percutaneous coronary intervention: magnetic resonance imaging insights from the Assessment of Pexelizumab in Acute Myocardial Infarction (APEX-AMI) trial.

Journal Article Am Heart J · February 2013 BACKGROUND: Aborted myocardial infarction (AbMI) in patients with ST-elevation MI defined by ST resolution with less than 2-fold elevation in biomarkers has been previously reported. We examined the association among AbMI, other metrics of infarct size, an ... Full text Link to item Cite

Organization and staffing practices in US cardiac intensive care units: A survey on behalf of the American Heart Association Writing Group on the Evolution of Critical Care Cardiology

Journal Article European Heart Journal: Acute Cardiovascular Care · January 1, 2013 The cardiac intensive care unit (CICU) has evolved into a complex patient-care environment with escalating acuity and increasing utilization of advanced technologies. These changing demographics of care may require greater clinical expertise among physicia ... Full text Cite

Commentary

Journal Article Annals of Internal Medicine · 2013 Cite

Incidence of thrombocytopenia among patients receiving heparin venous thromboembolism prophylaxis.

Journal Article Am J Med · December 2012 BACKGROUND: Heparin is commonly used for venous thromboembolism prophylaxis; however, the incidence of acquired thrombocytopenia in this setting has not been well described. METHODS: The Complications After Thrombocytopenia Caused by Heparin (CATCH) Regist ... Full text Link to item Cite

Relative prognostic value of baseline Q wave and time from symptom onset among men and women with ST-elevation myocardial infarction undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.

Journal Article Am J Cardiol · December 1, 2012 Q waves have been shown to be a stronger prognostic marker than time from symptom onset to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. We examined whether the relative importance of these 2 measurements is modula ... Full text Link to item Cite

Efficacy and safety of apixaban compared with warfarin according to patient risk of stroke and of bleeding in atrial fibrillation: a secondary analysis of a randomised controlled trial.

Journal Article Lancet · November 17, 2012 BACKGROUND: The Apixaban for Reduction in Stroke and Other Thromboembolic Events in Atrial Fibrillation (ARISTOTLE) trial showed that apixaban is better than warfarin at prevention of stroke or systemic embolism, causes less bleeding, and results in lower ... Full text Link to item Cite

Current approaches to prevention and management of reperfusion injury

Chapter · November 1, 2012 As our understanding of the pathophysiological underpinnings of reperfusion injury has increased, many therapies directed at preventing the detrimental effects of this phenomenon have been tested. For primary PCI, this has ranged from mechanical protection ... Full text Cite

Hospital length of stay in patients with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.

Journal Article Am J Med · November 2012 PURPOSE: Substantial heterogeneity in hospital length of stay exists among patients admitted with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. Furthermore, little is known about the factors that impact length of stay. METHODS: We examined 39,107 non-ST- ... Full text Link to item Cite

Efficacy of apixaban when compared with warfarin in relation to renal function in patients with atrial fibrillation: insights from the ARISTOTLE trial.

Journal Article Eur Heart J · November 2012 AIMS: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is common among patients with impaired renal function. Apixaban, a novel oral anticoagulant with partial renal excretion, was compared with warfarin and reduced the rate stroke, death and bleeding in the ARISTOTLE trial. We e ... Full text Link to item Cite

The study of LoSmapimod treatment on inflammation and InfarCtSizE (SOLSTICE): design and rationale.

Journal Article Am Heart J · November 2012 The p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) is a nexus point in inflammation, sensing, and stimulating cytokine production and driving cell migration and death. In acute coronary syndromes, p38MAPK inhibition could stabilize ruptured atherosclerotic pl ... Full text Link to item Cite

Antithrombotic therapy for atrial fibrillation and coronary artery disease in older patients.

Journal Article Am Heart J · October 2012 BACKGROUND: Older patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and coronary artery disease (CAD) face high risk of stroke and bleeding with antithrombotic therapy. Balancing safe and effective use of aspirin, clopidogrel, and warfarin in this population is impor ... Full text Link to item Cite

A new era of anticoagulation treatment: optimizing outcomes for atrial fibrillation.

Journal Article J Am Osteopath Assoc · September 2012 Atrial fibrillation is a common condition that is associated with a high risk of stroke. In the present article, which is based on a roundtable discussion held on February 8, 2012, the faculty discuss various aspects of caring for patients with atrial fibr ... Link to item Cite

Stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation: disease burden and unmet medical needs.

Journal Article J Am Osteopath Assoc · September 2012 The incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF), as well as the related morbidity and mortality, is increasing in step with the aging of the US population. Frequently, AF leads to untoward outcomes, including a 5-fold increased risk of stroke, hospitalization, i ... Link to item Cite

263 The Forgotten Lead: Does aVR ST-Deviation Add Insight Into STEMI Patients?

Conference Canadian Journal of Cardiology · September 2012 Full text Cite

Atrial fibrillation and acute myocardial infarction: antithrombotic therapy and outcomes.

Journal Article Am J Med · September 2012 BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation guidelines recommend long-term use of warfarin according to a patient's predicted risk of stroke. After acute myocardial infarction, however, combining warfarin and antiplatelet medications poses challenges. METHODS: By usin ... Full text Link to item Cite

Reasons for noncompletion of advance directives in a cardiac intensive care unit.

Journal Article Am J Crit Care · September 2012 BACKGROUND: The Patient Self-Determination Act of 1990 mandates that hospitals reimbursed by Medicare and Medicaid inform each patient about the patient's right to a natural death. OBJECTIVE: To describe and explore implementation of the Patient Self-Deter ... Full text Link to item Cite

Transport time and care processes for patients transferred with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction: the reperfusion in acute myocardial infarction in Carolina emergency rooms experience.

Journal Article Circ Cardiovasc Interv · August 1, 2012 BACKGROUND: For patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction transferred for primary percutaneous coronary intervention, guidelines have called for device activation within 90 minutes of initial presentation. Fewer than 20% of transferred patie ... Full text Link to item Cite

Expansion of a regional ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction system to an entire state.

Journal Article Circulation · July 10, 2012 BACKGROUND: Despite national guidelines calling for timely coronary artery reperfusion, treatment is often delayed, particularly for patients requiring interhospital transfer. METHODS AND RESULTS: One hundred nineteen North Carolina hospitals developed coo ... Full text Link to item Cite

The survival of patients with heart failure with preserved or reduced left ventricular ejection fraction: an individual patient data meta-analysis.

Journal Article Eur Heart J · July 2012 AIMS: A substantial proportion of patients with heart failure have preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (HF-PEF). Previous studies have reported mixed results whether survival is similar to those patients with heart failure and reduced EF (HF-REF). ... Full text Link to item Cite

Highlights from the IV International Symposium of Thrombosis and Anticoagulation (ISTA), October 20-21, 2011, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil.

Journal Article J Thromb Thrombolysis · July 2012 To discuss and share knowledge about advances in the care of patients with thrombotic disorders, the Fourth International Symposium of Thrombosis and Anticoagulation was held in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil, from October 20-21, 2011. This scientific program was ... Full text Link to item Cite

Serious infection after acute myocardial infarction: incidence, clinical features, and outcomes.

Journal Article JACC Cardiovasc Interv · July 2012 OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to address the knowledge gap using the APEX-AMI (Assessment of Pexelizumab in Acute Myocardial Infarction) trial database. We also assessed the association between serious infections and 90-day death or death/myocardia ... Full text Link to item Cite

Systems of care for ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction: a report From the American Heart Association's Mission: Lifeline.

Journal Article Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes · July 1, 2012 BACKGROUND: National guidelines call for participation in systems to rapidly diagnose and treat ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). In order to characterize currently implemented STEMI reperfusion systems and identify practices common to sy ... Full text Link to item Cite

Transfer times and outcomes in patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction undergoing interhospital transfer for primary percutaneous coronary intervention: APEX-AMI insights.

Journal Article Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes · July 1, 2012 BACKGROUND: Transfer delays for primary percutaneous coronary intervention may increase mortality in patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction. We examined the association between door 1-to-door 2 (D1D2) time, a measure capturing the entire ... Full text Link to item Cite

Pexelizumab fails to inhibit assembly of the terminal complement complex in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Insight from a substudy of the Assessment of Pexelizumab in Acute Myocardial Infarction (APEX-AMI) trial.

Journal Article Am Heart J · July 2012 BACKGROUND: Reasons for pexelizumab lack of benefit in ST-elevation myocardial infarction patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention remain unclear. In a substudy of the APEX-AMI trial, we explored the hypothesis that early complement a ... Full text Link to item Cite

Baseline NT-proBNP and biomarkers of inflammation and necrosis in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction: insights from the APEX-AMI trial.

Journal Article J Thromb Thrombolysis · July 2012 Coronary plaque rupture is associated with a systemic inflammatory response. The relationship between baseline N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), a prognostic marker in patients with acute coronary syndromes, and systemic inflammatory m ... Full text Link to item Cite

Novel oral anticoagulants after acute coronary syndromes.

Journal Article Cardiovasc Drugs Ther · June 2012 PURPOSE: A number of novel oral anticoagulants, including direct thrombin inhibitors and direct factor Xa inhibitors, have been developed. This review discusses these agents and their respective clinical trials in patients with acute coronary syndromes. ME ... Full text Link to item Cite

Apixaban compared with warfarin in patients with atrial fibrillation and previous stroke or transient ischaemic attack: a subgroup analysis of the ARISTOTLE trial.

Journal Article Lancet Neurol · June 2012 BACKGROUND: In the ARISTOTLE trial, the rate of stroke or systemic embolism was reduced by apixaban compared with warfarin in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Patients with AF and previous stroke or transient ischaemic attack (TIA) have a high risk ... Full text Link to item Cite

A comparison of dabigatran etexilate with warfarin in patients with mechanical heart valves: THE Randomized, phase II study to evaluate the safety and pharmacokinetics of oral dabigatran etexilate in patients after heart valve replacement (RE-ALIGN).

Journal Article Am Heart J · June 2012 BACKGROUND: Vitamin K antagonists are the only oral anticoagulants approved for long-term treatment of patients with a cardiac valve replacement. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to test a new dosing regimen for dabigatran etexilate in patients with a mechanical ... Full text Link to item Cite

Treatment pathways and quality improvement for patients with acute myocardial infarction at a tertiary care center.

Journal Article Crit Pathw Cardiol · June 2012 The timely diagnosis and treatment of acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) have become paramount to improving outcomes in this population. Many states, including North Carolina, have established systems to guide regional emergency provi ... Full text Link to item Cite

Association of heart rate and outcomes in a broad spectrum of patients with chronic heart failure: results from the CHARM (Candesartan in Heart Failure: Assessment of Reduction in Mortality and morbidity) program.

Journal Article J Am Coll Cardiol · May 15, 2012 OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between baseline resting heart rate and outcomes in patients with chronic heart failure (HF) according to baseline left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and cardiac rhythm. BACKGROUND: E ... Full text Link to item Cite

Baseline metabolomic profiles predict cardiovascular events in patients at risk for coronary artery disease.

Journal Article Am Heart J · May 2012 BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular risk models remain incomplete. Small-molecule metabolites may reflect underlying disease and, as such, serve as novel biomarkers of cardiovascular risk. METHODS: We studied 2,023 consecutive patients undergoing cardiac catheteriz ... Full text Link to item Cite

Variations in practice and outcomes in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention in the United States and Canada: insights from the Assessment of Pexelizumab in Acute Myocardial Infarction (APEX AMI) trial.

Journal Article Am Heart J · May 2012 BACKGROUND: Information on practice patterns and outcomes in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) in Canada vs United States is limited. METHODS: We evaluated differences in clinical ... Full text Link to item Cite

Assessment of temporal trends in mortality with implementation of a statewide ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) regionalization program.

Journal Article Ann Emerg Med · April 2012 STUDY OBJECTIVE: Although regionalized care for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) has improved the use of timely reperfusion therapy, its effect on patient outcomes has been difficult to assess. Our objective is to explore temporal trends ... Full text Link to item Cite

Metabolic profiles predict adverse events after coronary artery bypass grafting.

Journal Article J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg · April 2012 OBJECTIVE: Clinical models incompletely predict the outcomes after coronary artery bypass grafting. Novel molecular technologies can identify biomarkers to improve risk stratification. We examined whether metabolic profiles can predict adverse events in pa ... Full text Link to item Cite

A genome-wide association study for coronary artery disease identifies a novel susceptibility locus in the major histocompatibility complex.

Journal Article Circ Cardiovasc Genet · April 1, 2012 BACKGROUND: Recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified several novel loci that reproducibly associate with coronary artery disease (CAD) and/or myocardial infarction risk. However, known common CAD risk variants explain only 10% of the p ... Full text Link to item Cite

Development and validation of a prioritization rule for obtaining an immediate 12-lead electrocardiogram in the emergency department to identify ST-elevation myocardial infarction.

Journal Article Am Heart J · March 2012 BACKGROUND: Current guidelines recommend an immediate (eg, <10 minutes) 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) to identify ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) among patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with chest pain. Yet, one third of all ... Full text Link to item Cite

Prediction of enzymatic infarct size in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.

Journal Article Coron Artery Dis · March 2012 OBJECTIVES: Predictors of adverse outcomes following myocardial infarction (MI) are well established; however, little is known about what predicts enzymatically estimated infarct size in patients with acute ST-elevation MI. The Complement And Reduction of ... Full text Link to item Cite

Acute coronary syndromes. Challenging accepted post-MI serum potassium targets.

Journal Article Nat Rev Cardiol · February 28, 2012 On the basis of high-quality observational data, Goyal et al. have found that serum potassium levels <3.5 mmol/l or ≥4.5 mmol/l are associated with increased in-hospital mortality in patients with acute myocardial infarction. We discuss whether target pota ... Full text Link to item Cite

Fine mapping of a linkage peak with integration of lipid traits identifies novel coronary artery disease genes on chromosome 5.

Journal Article BMC Genet · February 27, 2012 BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease (CAD), and one of its intermediate risk factors, dyslipidemia, possess a demonstrable genetic component, although the genetic architecture is incompletely defined. We previously reported a linkage peak on chromosome 5q31 ... Full text Link to item Cite

Promise of factor Xa inhibition in atrial fibrillation.

Journal Article Curr Cardiol Rep · February 2012 Randomized clinical trials have conclusively demonstrated that warfarin prevents stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation. This evidence led the American College of Cardiology, the American Heart Association, and the European Society of Cardiology to de ... Full text Link to item Cite

Comparison of incidence of bleeding and mortality of men versus women with ST-elevation myocardial infarction treated with fibrinolysis.

Journal Article Am J Cardiol · February 1, 2012 Gender-related differences in the incidence of bleeding and its relation to subsequent mortality in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated with fibrinolysis are not well understood. We studied patients with STEMI receiving ... Full text Link to item Cite

The king is dead (warfarin): direct thrombin and factor Xa inhibitors: the next Diadochian War?

Journal Article Int J Stroke · February 2012 Atrial fibrillation is an important risk factor for stroke. New drugs for oral anticoagulation that do not exhibit the limitations of vitamin K antagonists like warfarin are under investigation. These include direct factor Xa inhibitors and direct thrombin ... Full text Link to item Cite

Rates of cardiac catheterization cancelation for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction after activation by emergency medical services or emergency physicians: results from the North Carolina Catheterization Laboratory Activation Registry.

Journal Article Circulation · January 17, 2012 BACKGROUND: For patients with an acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, cardiac catheterization laboratory (CCL) activation by emergency medical technicians or emergency physicians has been shown to substantially reduce treatment times. One draw ... Full text Link to item Cite

Apixaban reduced stroke and systemic embolism compared with warfarin in atrial fibrillation

Journal Article Annals of Internal Medicine · January 17, 2012 Cite

The authors reply

Journal Article New England Journal of Medicine · January 5, 2012 Cite

Apixaban versus Warfarin in Atrial Fibrillation REPLY

Journal Article NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE · January 5, 2012 Link to item Cite

International variation in and factors associated with hospital readmission after myocardial infarction.

Journal Article JAMA · January 4, 2012 CONTEXT: ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treatment has improved outcomes and shortened hospital stay. Recently, 30-day readmission rates have been proposed as a metric for care of patients with STEMI. However, international rates and pre ... Full text Link to item Cite

Systems of health care

Journal Article · January 1, 2012 Full text Cite

Impact of TIMI 3 patency before primary percutaneous coronary intervention for ST-elevation myocardial infarction on clinical outcome: Results from the ASSENT-4 PCI study

Journal Article European Heart Journal: Acute Cardiovascular Care · January 1, 2012 Early restoration of blood flow of the infarct-related artery is associated with an improved outcome in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Previous studies have shown a low mortality in patients with TIMI 3 flow before primary percut ... Full text Cite

Pattern of liver enzyme elevations in acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction.

Journal Article Coron Artery Dis · January 2012 OBJECTIVES: Liver enzyme elevations occur with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI); however, their significance in the modern era is not well-defined. The incidence of liver enzyme elevations in STEMI, temporal trends, correlations with crea ... Full text Link to item Cite

Dronedarone in high-risk permanent atrial fibrillation.

Journal Article N Engl J Med · December 15, 2011 BACKGROUND: Dronedarone restores sinus rhythm and reduces hospitalization or death in intermittent atrial fibrillation. It also lowers heart rate and blood pressure and has antiadrenergic and potential ventricular antiarrhythmic effects. We hypothesized th ... Full text Link to item Cite

Effect of heparin administration on metabolomic profiles in samples obtained during cardiac catheterization.

Journal Article Circ Cardiovasc Genet · December 2011 BACKGROUND: Metabolic profiling holds promise for early detection of coronary artery disease and assessing risk for ischemic events. Heparin is frequently administered (1) to treat acute coronary syndromes; and (2) during routine cardiac catheterization pr ... Full text Link to item Cite

Days alive and out of hospital and the patient journey in patients with heart failure: Insights from the candesartan in heart failure: assessment of reduction in mortality and morbidity (CHARM) program.

Journal Article Am Heart J · November 2011 BACKGROUND: Conventional composite outcomes in heart failure (HF) trials, for example, time to cardiovascular death or first HF hospitalization, have recognized limitations. We propose an alternative outcome, days alive and out of hospital (DAOH), which in ... Full text Link to item Cite

Dabigatran vs. placebo in patients with acute coronary syndromes on dual antiplatelet therapy: a randomized, double-blind, phase II trial.

Journal Article Eur Heart J · November 2011 AIM: After an acute coronary syndrome, patients remain at risk of recurrent ischaemic events, despite contemporary treatment, including aspirin and clopidogrel. We evaluated the safety and indicators of efficacy of the novel oral direct thrombin inhibitor ... Full text Link to item Cite

Hypertensive heart failure: patient characteristics, treatment, and outcomes.

Journal Article Am J Emerg Med · October 2011 BACKGROUND: Acute heart failure (AHF) is a common, poorly characterized manifestation of hypertensive emergency. We sought to describe characteristics, treatment, and outcomes of patients with severe hypertension complicated by AHF. METHODS AND RESULTS: Th ... Full text Link to item Cite

RUBY-1: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of the safety and tolerability of the novel oral factor Xa inhibitor darexaban (YM150) following acute coronary syndrome.

Journal Article Eur Heart J · October 2011 AIMS: To establish the safety, tolerability and most promising regimen of darexaban (YM150), a novel, oral, direct factor Xa inhibitor, for prevention of ischaemic events in acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: In a 26-week, multi-centre, double-blind, ... Full text Link to item Cite

Clinical practices, complications, and mortality in neurological patients with acute severe hypertension: the Studying the Treatment of Acute hyperTension registry.

Journal Article Crit Care Med · October 2011 OBJECTIVE: To determine the demographic and clinical features, hospital complications, and predictors of 90-day mortality in neurologic patients with acute severe hypertension. DESIGN: Studying the Treatment of Acute hyperTension (STAT) was a multicenter ( ... Full text Link to item Cite

Apixaban versus warfarin in patients with atrial fibrillation.

Journal Article N Engl J Med · September 15, 2011 BACKGROUND: Vitamin K antagonists are highly effective in preventing stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation but have several limitations. Apixaban is a novel oral direct factor Xa inhibitor that has been shown to reduce the risk of stroke in a similar ... Full text Link to item Cite

Diagnosing acute myocardial infarction in patients with left bundle branch block.

Journal Article Am J Cardiol · September 15, 2011 We compared the clinical features, laboratory and coronary angiographic findings, treatments, and outcomes among patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (MI) with and without left bundle branch block (LBBB). We examined 5,742 patients with ... Full text Link to item Cite

Medication adherence: a call for action.

Journal Article Am Heart J · September 2011 Poor adherence to efficacious cardiovascular-related medications has led to considerable morbidity, mortality, and avoidable health care costs. This article provides results of a recent think-tank meeting in which various stakeholder groups representing ke ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Risk stratification in the setting of non-ST elevation acute coronary syndromes 1999-2007.

Journal Article Am J Cardiol · September 1, 2011 It is unclear if clinician risk stratification has changed with time. The aim of this study was to assess the temporal change in the concordance between patient presenting risk and the intensity of evidence-based therapies received for non-ST-segment eleva ... Full text Link to item Cite

Highlights from the III International Symposium of Thrombosis and Anticoagulation (ISTA), October 14-16, 2010, São Paulo, Brazil.

Journal Article J Thromb Thrombolysis · August 2011 To discuss and share knowledge around advances in the care of patients with thrombotic disorders, the Third International Symposium of Thrombosis and Anticoagulation was held in São Paulo, Brazil, from October 14-16, 2010. This scientific program was devel ... Full text Link to item Cite

Recalibration of the Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events risk score in a multiethnic Asian population.

Journal Article Am Heart J · August 2011 BACKGROUND: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a leading cause of mortality in Asia. However, quantitative risk scores to predict mortality after AMI were developed without the participation of Asian countries. METHODS: We evaluated the performance of th ... Full text Link to item Cite

Care processes associated with quicker door-in-door-out times for patients with ST-elevation-myocardial infarction requiring transfer: results from a statewide regionalization program.

Journal Article Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes · July 2011 BACKGROUND: The ability to rapidly identify patients with ST-segment elevation-myocardial infarction (STEMI) at hospitals without percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and transfer them to hospitals with PCI capability is critical to STEMI regionalizati ... Full text Link to item Cite

Cardiogenic shock and heart failure post-percutaneous coronary intervention in ST-elevation myocardial infarction: observations from "Assessment of Pexelizumab in Acute Myocardial Infarction".

Journal Article Am Heart J · July 2011 BACKGROUND: Mortality after ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) has reduced with reperfusion by primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), which may have impacted on the adverse outcomes of cardiogenic shock (CS) and congestive heart failure ... Full text Link to item Cite

Relationship of sustained ventricular tachyarrhythmias to outcomes in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention with varying underlying baseline risk.

Journal Article Am Heart J · April 2011 BACKGROUND: The association of sustained ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation (VT/VF) with mortality in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) may vary with baseline patient risk and may be associated with higher mortality in ... Full text Link to item Cite

Effects of telmisartan, irbesartan, valsartan, candesartan, and losartan on cancers in 15 trials enrolling 138,769 individuals.

Journal Article J Hypertens · April 2011 BACKGROUND: Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEi) and angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) reduce cardiovascular disease (CVD) events, but a recent meta-analysis of selected studies suggested that ARBs may increase cancer risks. OBJECTIVE: Can ... Full text Link to item Cite

Age and outcomes in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention: findings from the APEX-AMI trial.

Journal Article Arch Intern Med · March 28, 2011 BACKGROUND: To understand the influence of age on treatment and outcomes, we analyzed the largest group of patients 75 years or older with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) in a clinic ... Full text Link to item Cite

Strategic lessons from the clinical event classification process for the Assessment of Pexelizumab in Acute Myocardial Infarction (APEX-AMI) trial.

Journal Article Contemp Clin Trials · March 2011 BACKGROUND: Independent adjudication of clinical trial events is traditionally performed by physicians on a clinical event classification (CEC) committee. OBJECTIVES: The experience of the centralized CEC group of the APEX-AMI trial is described. This grou ... Full text Link to item Cite

High-risk patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction derive greatest absolute benefit from primary percutaneous coronary intervention: results from the Primary Coronary Angioplasty Trialist versus thrombolysis (PCAT)-2 collaboration.

Journal Article Am Heart J · March 2011 BACKGROUND: Meta-analyses of randomized trials show that primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) results in lower mortality than fibrinolytic therapy in patients with myocardial infarction. We investigated which categories of patients with myocar ... Full text Link to item Cite

Mortality implications of primary percutaneous coronary intervention treatment delays: insights from the Assessment of Pexelizumab in Acute Myocardial Infarction trial.

Journal Article Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes · March 2011 BACKGROUND: Prior studies demonstrate a direct relationship between treatment delays to primary percutaneous intervention and mortality in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). This analysis compared the relationship of symptom ... Full text Link to item Cite

Association of mortality with years of education in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction treated with fibrinolysis.

Journal Article J Am Coll Cardiol · January 11, 2011 OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the association between lower socioeconomic status (SES), as ascertained by years of education, and outcomes in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). BACKGROUND: Previou ... Full text Link to item Cite

Spinal anesthesia for orthopedic surgery: a detailed video assessment of quality.

Journal Article Reg Anesth Pain Med · 2011 BACKGROUND: Subarachnoid blocks are considered routine anesthetic procedures important in the daily practices of most anesthesiologists. However, few data exist regarding modern failure rates or quality-compromising behaviors. METHODS: Sixty adult patients ... Full text Link to item Cite

Characteristics, practice patterns, and outcomes in patients with acute hypertension: European registry for Studying the Treatment of Acute hyperTension (Euro-STAT).

Journal Article Crit Care · 2011 INTRODUCTION: Although effective strategies are available for the management of chronic hypertension, less is known about treating patients with acute, severe elevations in blood pressure. Using data from the European registry for Studying the Treatment of ... Full text Link to item Cite

Race, Bleeding, and Outcomes in STEMI Patients Treated with Fibrinolytic Therapy.

Journal Article Am J Med · January 2011 BACKGROUND: studies have shown higher bleeding and mortality rates among African Americans who receive fibrinolytic therapy for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) compared with whites; however, the relationship of bleeding risk to mortality ... Full text Link to item Cite

Antiarrhythmic drug therapy for sustained ventricular arrhythmias complicating acute myocardial infarction.

Journal Article Crit Care Med · January 2011 OBJECTIVE: Few data exist to guide antiarrhythmic drug therapy for sustained ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation after acute myocardial infarction. The objective of this analysis was to describe the survival of patients with sustained ventricu ... Full text Link to item Cite

Fondaparinux with UnfracTionated heparin dUring Revascularization in Acute coronary syndromes (FUTURA/OASIS 8): a randomized trial of intravenous unfractionated heparin during percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes initially treated with fondaparinux.

Journal Article Am Heart J · December 2010 BACKGROUND: There is uncertainty regarding the optimal adjunctive unfractionated heparin (UFH) regimen for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) treated with fondaparinux. OBJE ... Full text Link to item Cite

Lack of association between the Trp719Arg polymorphism in kinesin-like protein-6 and coronary artery disease in 19 case-control studies.

Journal Article J Am Coll Cardiol · November 2, 2010 OBJECTIVES: We sought to replicate the association between the kinesin-like protein 6 (KIF6) Trp719Arg polymorphism (rs20455), and clinical coronary artery disease (CAD). BACKGROUND: Recent prospective studies suggest that carriers of the 719Arg allele in ... Full text Link to item Cite

Patterns of antihypertensive treatment in patients with acute severe hypertension from a nonneurologic cause: Studying the Treatment of Acute Hypertension (STAT) registry.

Journal Article Pharmacotherapy · November 2010 STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess antihypertensive treatment practices and outcomes for patients with acute severe hypertension requiring hospitalization. DESIGN: Subanalysis of a multicenter, observational, cross-sectional study. DATA SOURCE: The STAT registry ( ... Full text Link to item Cite

Double-dose versus standard-dose clopidogrel and high-dose versus low-dose aspirin in individuals undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention for acute coronary syndromes (CURRENT-OASIS 7): a randomised factorial trial.

Journal Article Lancet · October 9, 2010 BACKGROUND: Clopidogrel and aspirin are the most commonly used antiplatelet therapies for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We assessed the effect of various clopidogrel and aspirin regimens in prevention of major cardiovascular events and stent th ... Full text Link to item Cite

A model for predicting mortality in acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention: results from the Assessment of Pexelizumab in Acute Myocardial Infarction Trial.

Journal Article Circ Cardiovasc Interv · October 2010 BACKGROUND: Accurate models to predict mortality are needed for risk stratification in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined 5745 patie ... Full text Link to item Cite

Does silent myocardial infarction add prognostic value in ST-elevation myocardial infarction patients without a history of prior myocardial infarction? Insights from the Assessment of Pexelizumab in Acute Myocardial Infarction (APEX-AMI) Trial.

Journal Article Am Heart J · October 2010 BACKGROUND: ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients with a prior MI history have worse outcomes. The prognostic significance of silent MI (pathologic Q waves outside the ST-elevation territory) in STEMI is unclear. METHODS: A total of 5,733 STE ... Full text Link to item Cite

Biomarkers in stroke: when will they impact care?

Journal Article J Am Coll Cardiol · September 21, 2010 Full text Link to item Cite

Dose comparisons of clopidogrel and aspirin in acute coronary syndromes.

Journal Article N Engl J Med · September 2, 2010 BACKGROUND: Clopidogrel and aspirin are widely used for patients with acute coronary syndromes and those undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, evidence-based guidelines for dosing have not been established for either agent. METHODS: ... Full text Link to item Cite

Impact of a statewide ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction regionalization program on treatment times for women, minorities, and the elderly.

Journal Article Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes · September 2010 BACKGROUND: Prior studies have demonstrated differences in time to reperfusion for ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in women, minorities, and the elderly, relative to their counterparts. Regionalization has been shown to improve overall S ... Full text Link to item Cite

Reclassification of cardiovascular risk using integrated clinical and molecular biosignatures: Design of and rationale for the Measurement to Understand the Reclassification of Disease of Cabarrus and Kannapolis (MURDOCK) Horizon 1 Cardiovascular Disease Study.

Journal Article Am Heart J · September 2010 BACKGROUND: Clinical predictive models leave gaps in our ability to stratify cardiovascular risk. High-throughput molecular profiling promises to improve risk classification. METHODS: Horizon 1 of the Measurement to Understand the Reclassification of Disea ... Full text Link to item Cite

Predictors of 90-day readmission among patients with acute severe hypertension. The cross-sectional observational Studying the Treatment of Acute hyperTension (STAT) study.

Journal Article Am Heart J · September 2010 BACKGROUND: Acute severe hypertension can be a life-threatening emergency. The objective of this study was to describe the frequency of rehospitalization for patients with acute severe hypertension and to identify clinical predictors of 90-day rehospitaliz ... Full text Link to item Cite

Usefulness of the QRS score as a strong prognostic marker in patients discharged after undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.

Journal Article Am J Cardiol · September 1, 2010 The prognostic value of myocardial infarct size estimation by QRS scoring in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who undergo primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is unclear. The standard 32-point Selvester QRS score ... Full text Link to item Cite

Predicting chronic left ventricular dysfunction 90 days after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction: An Assessment of Pexelizumab in Acute Myocardial Infarction (APEX-AMI) Substudy.

Journal Article Am Heart J · August 2010 OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine predictors of 90-day left ventricular function following acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) using variables from clinical presentation, biomarker testing, and cardiovascular magne ... Full text Link to item Cite

Genome-wide association study identifies a sequence variant within the DAB2IP gene conferring susceptibility to abdominal aortic aneurysm.

Journal Article Nat Genet · August 2010 We performed a genome-wide association study on 1,292 individuals with abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) and 30,503 controls from Iceland and The Netherlands, with a follow-up of top markers in up to 3,267 individuals with AAAs and 7,451 controls. The A al ... Full text Link to item Cite

Differences in level of care at the end of life according to race.

Journal Article Am J Crit Care · July 2010 BACKGROUND: Tailoring care for patients and their families at the end of life is important. PURPOSE: To examine factors associated with patients' choices for level of care at the end of life. METHODS: Data on demographics and level of care (full code, do n ... Full text Link to item Cite

Efficacy and safety of angiotensin receptor blockade are not modified by aspirin in patients with chronic heart failure: a cohort study from the Candesartan in Heart failure--Assessment of Reduction in Mortality and morbidity (CHARM) programme.

Journal Article Eur J Heart Fail · July 2010 AIMS: It is unknown whether there is an interaction between aspirin and angiotensin receptor blockers on outcomes in patients with heart failure (HF). METHODS AND RESULTS: The efficacy and safety of candesartan vs. placebo was assessed in 7599 patients wit ... Full text Link to item Cite

Non-culprit coronary artery percutaneous coronary intervention during acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction: insights from the APEX-AMI trial.

Journal Article Eur Heart J · July 2010 AIMS: To examine the incidence of and propensity for non-culprit interventions performed at the time of the primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and its association with 90-day outcomes. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined the incidence, propensit ... Full text Link to item Cite

Use of glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors in primary percutaneous coronary intervention: insights from the APEX-AMI trial.

Journal Article Eur Heart J · July 2010 AIMS: Controversy exists regarding the early use of glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors (GPIs) in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The Assessment of Pexelizumab in Acute Myoc ... Full text Link to item Cite

Economic assessment of thrombocytopenia: CATCH Registry.

Journal Article J Med Syst · June 2010 Thrombocytopenia is associated with increased patient risk. However, the costs of this complication are not well defined. This study assessed the impact of thrombocytopenia on in-hospital costs using results from CATCH, an observational study that examined ... Full text Link to item Cite

Atrial fibrillation management strategies and early mortality after myocardial infarction: results from the Valsartan in Acute Myocardial Infarction (VALIANT) Trial.

Journal Article Heart · June 2010 OBJECTIVE: The management of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) following a myocardial infarction (MI) remains uncertain. This study compared a rate control strategy to an anti-arrhythmic-based rhythm control strategy for the treatment of AF following ... Full text Link to item Cite

Unexplained international differences in clinical outcomes after acute myocardial infarction and fibrinolytic therapy: lessons from the Hirulog and Early Reperfusion or Occlusion (HERO)-2 trial.

Journal Article Am Heart J · June 2010 BACKGROUND: Despite advances in therapy, global mortality due to acute myocardial infarction remains high. The international Hirulog and Early Reperfusion or Occlusion (HERO-2) trial of 17,073 patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction provid ... Full text Link to item Cite

Factors related to heart rupture in acute coronary syndromes in the Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events.

Journal Article Eur Heart J · June 2010 AIMS: To determine the incidence and factors associated with heart rupture (HR) in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Among 60 198 patients, 273 (0.45%) had HR (free wall rupture, n = 118; ventricular septal rupture, n = 155). Inc ... Full text Link to item Cite

Delay to reperfusion in patients with acute myocardial infarction presenting to acute care hospitals: an international perspective.

Journal Article Eur Heart J · June 2010 AIMS: To examine the extent of delay from initial hospital presentation to fibrinolytic therapy or primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), characteristics associated with prolonged delay, and changes in delay patterns over time in patients with S ... Full text Link to item Cite

Baseline characteristics and outcomes of patients with heart failure receiving bronchodilators in the CHARM programme.

Journal Article Eur J Heart Fail · June 2010 AIMS: Heart failure (HF) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are common partners. Bronchodilators are associated with adverse cardiovascular outcomes in patients with pulmonary disease. The outcome of patients with HF prescribed bronchodilators is po ... Full text Link to item Cite

Acute kidney injury and cardiovascular outcomes in acute severe hypertension.

Journal Article Circulation · May 25, 2010 BACKGROUND: Little is known about the association of kidney dysfunction and outcome in acute severe hypertension. This study aimed to measure the association between baseline chronic kidney disease (estimated glomerular filtration rate), acute kidney injur ... Full text Link to item Cite

Cognitive function and anticoagulation control in patients with atrial fibrillation.

Journal Article Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes · May 2010 BACKGROUND: Patients with atrial fibrillation usually are elderly and may have cognitive dysfunction. These patients may receive less effective oral anticoagulation, resulting in more vascular events and bleeding. METHODS AND RESULTS: In an analysis of cog ... Full text Link to item Cite

Influence of functional deficiency of complement mannose-binding lectin on outcome of patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention.

Journal Article Eur Heart J · May 2010 AIMS: Experimental data point towards a favourable effect of low serum concentrations of complement mannose-binding lectin (MBL) on myocardial ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. As comparable data on the role of MBL in human I/R injury is lacking, we inve ... Full text Link to item Cite

Is visual interpretation of coronary epicardial flow reliable in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary angioplasty? Insights from the angiographic substudy of the Assessment of Pexelizumab in Acute Myocardial Infarction (APEX-AMI) trial.

Journal Article Am Heart J · May 2010 BACKGROUND: Accurate estimation of coronary epicardial flow in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is crucial to evaluating the effect of therapy and predicting outcome. Whether operator bias exists in visual estimation of TIMI flow gr ... Full text Link to item Cite

Apixaban for reduction in stroke and other ThromboemboLic events in atrial fibrillation (ARISTOTLE) trial: design and rationale.

Journal Article Am Heart J · March 2010 Atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with increased risk of stroke that can be attenuated with vitamin K antagonists (VKAs). Vitamin K antagonist use is limited, in part, by the high incidence of complications when patients' international normalized rati ... Full text Link to item Cite

Has the frequency of bleeding changed over time for patients presenting with an acute coronary syndrome? The global registry of acute coronary events.

Journal Article Eur Heart J · March 2010 AIMS: To determine whether changes in practice, over time, are associated with altered rates of major bleeding in acute coronary syndromes (ACS). METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients from the Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events were enrolled between 2000 and ... Full text Link to item Cite

Prior coronary artery bypass graft patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention.

Journal Article JACC Cardiovasc Interv · March 2010 OBJECTIVES: We sought to compare outcomes in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with or without previous coronary artery bypass grafts (CABG). BACKGROUND: Limited informat ... Full text Link to item Cite

Resolution of ST-segment depression: A new prognostic marker in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.

Journal Article Eur Heart J · March 2010 AIMS: To evaluate the prognostic impact of ST depression resolution among patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary PCI in the Assessment of Pexelizumab in Acute Myocardial Infarction (APEX-AMI) trial. METHODS AND ... Full text Link to item Cite

Mortality and morbidity reduction by primary percutaneous coronary intervention is independent of the patient's age.

Journal Article JACC Cardiovasc Interv · March 2010 OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to obtain a valid estimate of the clinical effects of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) in relation to age. BACKGROUND: Treatment with PPCI is most beneficial in high-risk myocardial infarction patients ... Full text Link to item Cite

Evolution of the coronary care unit: clinical characteristics and temporal trends in healthcare delivery and outcomes.

Journal Article Crit Care Med · February 2010 OBJECTIVE: To describe long-term temporal trends in patient characteristics, processes of care, and in-hospital outcomes among unselected admissions within the contemporary coronary care unit. DESIGN: Hospital administrative database that records both paym ... Full text Link to item Cite

Warfarin use and outcomes in patients with atrial fibrillation complicating acute coronary syndromes.

Journal Article Am J Med · February 2010 BACKGROUND: We examined warfarin use at discharge (according to Congestive heart failure, Hypertension, Age>75 years, Diabetes, Prior Stroke/transient ischemic attack score and bleeding risk) and its association with 6-month death or myocardial infarction ... Full text Link to item Cite

Do baseline atrial electrocardiographic and infarction patterns predict new-onset atrial fibrillation after ST-elevation myocardial infarction? Insights from the Assessment of Pexelizumab in Acute Myocardial Infarction Trial.

Journal Article J Electrocardiol · 2010 BACKGROUND: Atrial infarction reportedly occurs in 0.7% to 52% of ST-elevation myocardial infarctions (STEMIs), up to two thirds of whom develop atrial fibrillation and flutter (AF). Prospective validation of electrocardiographic atrial infarction patterns ... Full text Link to item Cite

Mechanical complications after percutaneous coronary intervention in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (from APEX-AMI).

Journal Article Am J Cardiol · January 1, 2010 A decrease in mechanical complications after ST-elevation myocardial infarction may have contributed to improved survival rates associated with reperfusion by primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Mechanical complications occurred in 52 of 5,74 ... Full text Link to item Cite

Relationship between baseline haemoglobin and major bleeding complications in acute coronary syndromes.

Journal Article Eur Heart J · January 2010 AIMS: In patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS), the negative impact of baseline haemoglobin levels on ischaemic events, particularly death, is well established, but the association with bleeding risk is less well studied. The aim of this study was t ... Full text Link to item Cite

Plasma N-terminal fragment of the prohormone B-type natriuretic peptide concentrations in relation to time to treatment and Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow: a substudy of the Assessment of the Safety and Efficacy of a New Treatment Strategy with Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (ASSENT IV-PCI) trial.

Journal Article Am Heart J · January 2010 BACKGROUND: We investigated the prognostic significance of plasma N-terminal fragment of the prohormone B-type natriuretic peptide (Nt-proBNP) concentrations in addition to time to reperfusion and Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow before an ... Full text Link to item Cite

Pexelizumab and infarct size in patients with acute myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary Intervention: a delayed enhancement cardiac magnetic resonance substudy from the APEX-AMI trial.

Journal Article JACC Cardiovasc Imaging · January 2010 OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to understand determinants of infarct size in a primary percutaneous intervention (PCI) population treated with pexelizumab compared with placebo. BACKGROUND: In the multicenter APEX-AMI (Pexelizumab in Conjunction ... Full text Link to item Cite

Safety and feasibility of adjunctive antiplatelet therapy with intravenous elinogrel, a direct-acting and reversible P2Y12 ADP-receptor antagonist, before primary percutaneous intervention in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction: the Early Rapid ReversAl of platelet thromboSis with intravenous Elinogrel before PCI to optimize reperfusion in acute Myocardial Infarction (ERASE MI) pilot trial.

Journal Article Am Heart J · December 2009 BACKGROUND: Inhibition of the P2Y12 ADP-receptor with oral antiplatelet agents given to patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is associated with improved outcomes, but this strat ... Full text Link to item Cite

β-blockers in myocardial infarction: An overview

Journal Article Acute Coronary Syndromes · December 1, 2009 It has been >20 years since the double-blind BHAT (β-Blocker Heart Attack Trial) showed that the β-blocker propranolol reduced the rate of mortality when initiated in the first week following myocardial infarction (MI). Despite an overall 23% reduction in ... Cite

Highlights from the American Heart Association (AHA) Scientific Sessions 2008

Journal Article Acute Coronary Syndromes · December 1, 2009 Cite

Transfusion and mortality in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention.

Journal Article Eur Heart J · November 2009 AIMS: Red blood cell transfusion is associated with increased mortality among patients with acute coronary syndromes, but little is known about the consequences of transfusion in a contemporary setting of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. We desc ... Full text Link to item Cite

Adherence to medication according to sex and age in the CHARM programme.

Journal Article Eur J Heart Fail · November 2009 AIMS: Although many patients with heart failure have incomplete adherence to prescribed medications, predisposing factors remain unclear. This analysis investigates factors associated with adherence, with particular emphasis on age and sex. METHODS AND RES ... Full text Link to item Cite

Six-month follow-up of patients with in-hospital thrombocytopenia during heparin-based anticoagulation (from the Complications After Thrombocytopenia Caused by Heparin [CATCH] registry).

Journal Article Am J Cardiol · November 1, 2009 Thrombocytopenia is a predictor of adverse outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndromes and in critically ill patients. The Complications After Thrombocytopenia Caused by Heparin (CATCH) registry was designed to explore the incidence, management, and ... Full text Link to item Cite

Contribution of angiographic and electrocardiographic parameters of reperfusion to prediction of mortality and morbidity after acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction: Insights from the Assessment of Pexelizumab in Acute Myocardial Infarction trial.

Journal Article Am Heart J · November 2009 BACKGROUND: Reperfusion with primary percutaneous intervention (PCI) in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction leads to improved clinical outcomes. The contribution angiographic vs electrocardiographic reperfusion parameters confer on prognosis is uncl ... Full text Link to item Cite

The impact of place of enrollment and delay to reperfusion on 90-day post-infarction mortality in the ASSENT-4 PCI trial: assessment of the safety and efficacy of a new treatment strategy with percutaneous coronary intervention.

Journal Article JACC Cardiovasc Interv · October 2009 OBJECTIVES: We have performed a retrospective analysis of the data stratified by time to treatment and by enrollment site: percutaneous coronary intervention hospitals (PCIH), nonpercutaneous coronary intervention hospitals (NoPCIH), or in a pre-hospital s ... Full text Link to item Cite

Practice patterns, outcomes, and end-organ dysfunction for patients with acute severe hypertension: the Studying the Treatment of Acute hyperTension (STAT) registry.

Journal Article Am Heart J · October 2009 BACKGROUND: Limited data are available on the care of patients with acute severe hypertension requiring hospitalization. We characterized contemporary practice patterns and outcomes for this population. METHODS: STAT is a 25-institution, US registry of con ... Full text Link to item Cite

Gene expression patterns in peripheral blood correlate with the extent of coronary artery disease.

Journal Article PLoS One · September 14, 2009 Systemic and local inflammation plays a prominent role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerotic coronary artery disease, but the relationship of whole blood gene expression changes with coronary disease remains unclear. We have investigated whether gene expr ... Full text Link to item Cite

In reply

Journal Article JAMA · September 2, 2009 Full text Cite

Prognostic Importance of Ventricular Arrhythmia in Patients Treated With Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Reply

Journal Article JAMA-JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION · September 2, 2009 Link to item Cite

Reperfusion before percutaneous coronary intervention in ST-elevation myocardial infarction patients is associated with lower N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide levels during follow-up, irrespective of pre-treatment with full-dose fibrinolysis.

Journal Article Eur Heart J · September 2009 AIMS: N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels predict outcomes in ST-elevation myocardial infarction patients treated with fibrinolysis or primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, its role in facilitated PCI has not ye ... Full text Link to item Cite

The authors reply

Journal Article New England Journal of Medicine · August 27, 2009 Cite

Sex differences in mortality following acute coronary syndromes.

Journal Article JAMA · August 26, 2009 CONTEXT: Conflicting information exists about whether sex differences modulate short-term mortality following acute coronary syndromes (ACS). OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between sex and 30-day mortality in ACS, and to determine whether this ... Full text Link to item Cite

Albuminuria in chronic heart failure: prevalence and prognostic importance.

Journal Article Lancet · August 15, 2009 BACKGROUND: Increased excretion of albumin in urine might be a marker of the various pathophysiological changes that arise in patients with heart failure. Therefore our aim was to assess the prevalence and prognostic value of a spot urinary albumin to crea ... Full text Link to item Cite

Antithrombotic therapy and outcomes of patients with atrial fibrillation following primary percutaneous coronary intervention: results from the APEX-AMI trial.

Journal Article Eur Heart J · August 2009 AIMS: To assess the incidence and timing of atrial fibrillation (AF), describe antithrombotic therapy use, and evaluate the association of AF with 90 day mortality and other secondary clinical outcomes. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 5745 ST-segment eleva ... Full text Link to item Cite

Benefit of angiographic spontaneous reperfusion in STEMI: does it extend to diabetic patients?

Journal Article Heart · August 2009 BACKGROUND: Spontaneous reperfusion (SR) in ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) improves clinical outcome, yet its incidence and impact among diabetic patients is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To carry out a systematic analysis of SR in the diabetic cohort of ... Full text Link to item Cite

The authors' reply

Journal Article Heart · August 1, 2009 Full text Cite

Pulmonary artery catheterization in patients with acute coronary syndromes.

Journal Article Am Heart J · August 2009 BACKGROUND: There are limited recent data evaluating the use of the pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) in patients hospitalized with an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Using data from the multinational Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events, we examined tren ... Full text Link to item Cite

Efficacy and safety of fondaparinux versus enoxaparin in patients with acute coronary syndromes treated with glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors or thienopyridines: results from the OASIS 5 (Fifth Organization to Assess Strategies in Ischemic Syndromes) trial.

Journal Article J Am Coll Cardiol · July 28, 2009 OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate the relative safety and efficacy of fondaparinux and enoxaparin in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) treated with glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa inhibitors or thienopyridines. BACKGROUND: The OASIS 5 (Fifth ... Full text Link to item Cite

Contribution of bleeding and thromboembolic events to in-hospital mortality among patients with thrombocytopenia treated with heparin.

Journal Article Am J Cardiol · July 15, 2009 In a population of patients experiencing thrombocytopenia while treated with heparin, bleeding and thromboses are well-appreciated complications, but their relative contributions to mortality have been less well described. In this population, the aims of t ... Full text Link to item Cite

Dual renin-angiotensin system blockade in heart failure.

Journal Article J Am Coll Cardiol · July 14, 2009 Full text Link to item Cite

Highlights from the I international symposium of thrombosis and anticoagulation in internal medicine, October 23-25, 2008, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Journal Article J Thromb Thrombolysis · July 2009 The importance of thrombosis and anticoagulation in clinical practice is rooted firmly in several fundamental constructs that can be applied both broadly and globally. Awareness and the appropriate use of anticoagulant therapy remain the keys to prevention ... Full text Link to item Cite

Validity of a risk-prediction tool for hospital mortality: the Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events.

Journal Article Am Heart J · June 2009 BACKGROUND: The Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) risk model provides a simple method for determining the probability of hospital death in acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The aim of this study was to explore the impact of modeling techniques ... Full text Link to item Cite

Predicting freedom from clinical events in non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes: the Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events.

Journal Article Heart · June 2009 OBJECTIVE: To identify patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) with a low likelihood of any adverse in-hospital event. DESIGN, SETTING AND PATIENTS: Data were analysed from 24 097 patients with NSTEMI or unstable angina included i ... Full text Link to item Cite

Early versus delayed invasive intervention in acute coronary syndromes.

Journal Article N Engl J Med · May 21, 2009 Featured Publication BACKGROUND: Earlier trials have shown that a routine invasive strategy improves outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndromes without ST-segment elevation. However, the optimal timing of such intervention remains uncertain. METHODS: We randomly assign ... Full text Link to item Cite

Effect of clopidogrel added to aspirin in patients with atrial fibrillation.

Journal Article N Engl J Med · May 14, 2009 BACKGROUND: Vitamin K antagonists reduce the risk of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation but are considered unsuitable in many patients, who usually receive aspirin instead. We investigated the hypothesis that the addition of clopidogrel to aspirin ... Full text Link to item Cite

Incidence of and outcomes associated with ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention.

Journal Article JAMA · May 6, 2009 Featured Publication CONTEXT: The incidence and timing of sustained ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation (VT/VF) and its impact on outcomes in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are poorly und ... Full text Link to item Cite

Predictors of development of diabetes in patients with chronic heart failure in the Candesartan in Heart Failure Assessment of Reduction in Mortality and Morbidity (CHARM) program.

Journal Article Diabetes Care · May 2009 OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify predictors of incident diabetes during follow-up of nondiabetic patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) in the Candesartan in Heart Failure Assessment of Reduction in Mortality and Morbidity (CHARM) pr ... Full text Link to item Cite

Baseline Q-wave surpasses time from symptom onset as a prognostic marker in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention.

Journal Article J Am Coll Cardiol · April 28, 2009 OBJECTIVES: We assessed the incremental value of baseline Q waves over time from symptom onset as a marker of clinical outcome in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). BACKGROUND: Time from symptom onset is a central focus in STEMI patients. ... Full text Link to item Cite

Advancing care for acute heart failure--no time to relax.

Journal Article Lancet · April 25, 2009 Featured Publication Full text Link to item Cite

Evaluation and management of thrombocytopenia and suspected heparin-induced thrombocytopenia in hospitalized patients: The Complications After Thrombocytopenia Caused by Heparin (CATCH) registry.

Journal Article Am Heart J · April 2009 BACKGROUND: Thrombocytopenia and heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) are potentially devastating paradoxical side effects of heparin therapy. We explored the evaluation, management, and clinical consequences of thrombocytopenia occurring during heparin ... Full text Link to item Cite

Genetic effects in the leukotriene biosynthesis pathway and association with atherosclerosis.

Journal Article Hum Genet · March 2009 Leukotrienes are arachidonic acid derivatives long known for their inflammatory properties and their involvement with a number of human diseases, most particularly asthma. Recently, leukotriene-based inflammation has also been shown to play an important ro ... Full text Link to item Cite

Improving clinical outcomes by reducing bleeding in patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes.

Journal Article Eur Heart J · March 2009 AIMS: Bleeding in patients with coronary artery disease has been linked with adverse outcomes. We examined the incidence and outcomes after bleeding in 20 078 patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) enrolled in the OASIS-5 trial who were treated with ... Full text Link to item Cite

Sequence variants affecting eosinophil numbers associate with asthma and myocardial infarction.

Journal Article Nat Genet · March 2009 Eosinophils are pleiotropic multifunctional leukocytes involved in initiation and propagation of inflammatory responses and thus have important roles in the pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases. Here we describe a genome-wide association scan for sequence ... Full text Link to item Cite

Fondaparinux compared to enoxaparin in patients with acute coronary syndromes without ST-segment elevation: outcomes and treatment effect across different levels of risk.

Journal Article Am Heart J · March 2009 BACKGROUND: The OASIS-5 (Organization to Assess Strategies in Ischemic Syndromes-5) trial demonstrated that fondaparinux was noninferior to enoxaparin while reducing the risk of bleeding by 50%. The objectives of our study were to assess the effects of fon ... Full text Link to item Cite

Association of elevated fasting glucose with increased short-term and 6-month mortality in ST-segment elevation and non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes: the Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events.

Journal Article Arch Intern Med · February 23, 2009 BACKGROUND: Elevated blood glucose level at admission is associated with worse outcome after a myocardial infarction. The impact of elevated glucose level, particularly fasting glucose, is less certain in non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes. ... Full text Link to item Cite

Liver function abnormalities and outcome in patients with chronic heart failure: data from the Candesartan in Heart Failure: Assessment of Reduction in Mortality and Morbidity (CHARM) program.

Journal Article Eur J Heart Fail · February 2009 AIMS: The prevalence and importance of liver function test (LFT) abnormalities in a large contemporary cohort of heart failure patients have not been systematically evaluated. METHODS AND RESULTS: We characterized the LFTs of 2679 patients with symptomatic ... Full text Link to item Cite

Impact of hospitalization for acute coronary events on subsequent mortality in patients with chronic heart failure.

Journal Article Eur Heart J · February 2009 AIMS: We explored the impact of having a hospital admission for an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) on the subsequent prognosis among patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 7599 patients with CHF, New York Heart Association ... Full text Link to item Cite

Thrombocytopenia in patients with an acute coronary syndrome (from the Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events [GRACE]).

Journal Article Am J Cardiol · January 15, 2009 The incidence of thrombocytopenia after hospital admission, patient and treatment characteristics, and outcomes in patients enrolled in the prospective multinational GRACE were examined. Heparin (unfractionated or low molecular weight) and glycoprotein IIb ... Full text Link to item Cite

ST resolution 1 hour after fibrinolysis for prediction of myocardial infarct size: insights from ASSENT 3.

Journal Article Am J Cardiol · January 15, 2009 Acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction requires prompt restoration of myocardial perfusion to salvage myocardium at risk of ischemic necrosis and improve clinical outcome. Early resolution of ST-segment elevation during the time after reperfusion ... Full text Link to item Cite

Comparison of six-month outcomes for primary percutaneous revascularization for acute myocardial infarction with drug-eluting versus bare metal stents (from the APEX-AMI study).

Journal Article Am J Cardiol · January 15, 2009 We evaluated the use and outcomes of drug-eluting stents (DESs) and bare metal stents (BMSs) in a large primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (MI) trial. Recently concerns have been raised with "off-label ... Full text Link to item Cite

High heritability of metabolomic profiles in families burdened with premature cardiovascular disease.

Journal Article Mol Syst Biol · 2009 Integration of genetic and metabolic profiling holds promise for providing insight into human disease. Coronary artery disease (CAD) is strongly heritable, but the heritability of metabolomic profiles has not been evaluated in humans. We performed quantita ... Full text Link to item Cite

Neuropeptide Y gene polymorphisms confer risk of early-onset atherosclerosis.

Journal Article PLoS Genet · January 2009 Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is a strong candidate gene for coronary artery disease (CAD). We have previously identified genetic linkage to familial CAD in the genomic region of NPY. We performed follow-up genetic, biostatistical, and functional analysis of NPY in ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Clinical outcomes according to baseline blood pressure in patients with a low ejection fraction in the CHARM (Candesartan in Heart Failure: Assessment of Reduction in Mortality and Morbidity) Program.

Journal Article J Am Coll Cardiol · December 9, 2008 OBJECTIVES: This study sought to investigate the efficacy and tolerability of candesartan, according to baseline blood pressure (BP), in the 4,576 patients with a low ejection fraction (EF) ( Full text Link to item Cite

Antithrombotic therapy in atrial fibrillation: guidelines translated for the clinician.

Journal Article J Thromb Thrombolysis · December 2008 Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia in clinical practice, accounting for approximately one-third of hospitalizations for cardiac rhythm disturbances. The highest incidence of AF is in patients 70-80 years old and other high-risk ... Full text Link to item Cite

Benefits and safety of candesartan treatment in heart failure are independent of age: insights from the Candesartan in Heart failure--Assessment of Reduction in Mortality and morbidity programme.

Journal Article Eur Heart J · December 2008 AIMS: Ageing may affect drug efficacy and safety in patients with heart failure (HF). The Candesartan in Heart failure-Assessment of Reduction in Mortality and morbidity (CHARM) programme offered an opportunity to study the relationship between increasing ... Full text Link to item Cite

Design and rationale of CURRENT-OASIS 7: a randomized, 2 x 2 factorial trial evaluating optimal dosing strategies for clopidogrel and aspirin in patients with ST and non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes managed with an early invasive strategy.

Journal Article Am Heart J · December 2008 BACKGROUND: Antiplatelet therapy with clopidogrel and acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) reduces major cardiovascular events in patients with ST and non-ST-segment-elevation acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Recent mechanistic and clinical data suggest that higher l ... Full text Link to item Cite

Response to letter of Meinert et al

Journal Article Clinical Trials · December 1, 2008 Full text Cite

Antithrombotic therapy with fondaparinux in relation to interventional management strategy in patients with ST- and non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes: an individual patient-level combined analysis of the Fifth and Sixth Organization to Assess Strategies in Ischemic Syndromes (OASIS 5 and 6) randomized trials.

Journal Article Circulation · November 11, 2008 BACKGROUND: The Fifth and Sixth Organization to Assess Strategies in Ischemic Syndromes (OASIS 5 and 6) trials evaluated fondaparinux, a synthetic factor Xa inhibitor, in patients with non-ST- and ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes, respectively ... Full text Link to item Cite

ALOX5AP variants are associated with in-stent restenosis after percutaneous coronary intervention.

Journal Article Atherosclerosis · November 2008 BACKGROUND: Use of drug-eluting stents (DES) has reduced in-stent restenosis after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI); however, DES are associated with late stent thrombosis. There is no accurate way to predict in-stent restenosis, although risk fact ... Full text Link to item Cite

Clopidogrel use and bleeding after coronary artery bypass graft surgery.

Journal Article Am Heart J · November 2008 BACKGROUND: Short-term use of clopidogrel plus aspirin among patients with acute coronary syndrome reduces ischemic events, but concerns about coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery-related bleeding limit its early use. METHODS: Using data from 4,794 ... Full text Link to item Cite

Weight loss and mortality risk in patients with chronic heart failure in the candesartan in heart failure: assessment of reduction in mortality and morbidity (CHARM) programme.

Journal Article Eur Heart J · November 2008 AIMS: The curiosity that leanness is associated with poor survival in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) needs further insight by investigating the impact of weight loss on prognosis in a large sample of patients across a broad spectrum of both redu ... Full text Link to item Cite

Relation between previous lipid-lowering therapy and infarct size (creatine kinase-MB level) in patients presenting with acute myocardial infarction.

Journal Article Am J Cardiol · November 1, 2008 Animal experimental data have shown that lipid-lowering agents reduce myocardial infarct size. This association has not been well studied in humans. We compared infarct size in 10,548 patients in the GUSTO IIb and PURSUIT trials who were (n = 1,028) or wer ... Full text Link to item Cite

Integrating ancillary studies in a large clinical trial: the design and rationale of the APEX library.

Journal Article Contemp Clin Trials · November 2008 The APEX library was a coordinated and integrated set of ancillary analyses and substudies that were a part of the large APEX-AMI trial. The library included electrocardiogram, angiographic, blood biomarker, genetics, and MRI components. Operationally, the ... Full text Link to item Cite

Risk factors for thrombocytopenia in patients treated with prolonged heparin therapy - Reply

Journal Article Archives of Internal Medicine · October 27, 2008 Cite

ST-segment recovery and outcome after primary percutaneous coronary intervention for ST-elevation myocardial infarction: insights from the Assessment of Pexelizumab in Acute Myocardial Infarction (APEX-AMI) trial.

Journal Article Circulation · September 23, 2008 BACKGROUND: Primary percutaneous coronary angioplasty is an effective and widely adopted treatment for acute myocardial infarction. A simple method of determining prognosis after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) would facilitate appropriate ... Full text Link to item Cite

Treatment strategies in non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention: an evidence-based review of clinical trial results and treatment guidelines: report on a roundtable discussion.

Journal Article J Interv Cardiol · August 2008 With the availability of new data and the recent release of new European and US guidelines, contemporary care paradigms for the treatment of patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE ACS), including those undergoing percutaneous coronar ... Full text Link to item Cite

Spontaneous reperfusion in ST-elevation myocardial infarction: comparison of angiographic and electrocardiographic assessments.

Journal Article Am Heart J · August 2008 INTRODUCTION: Spontaneous reperfusion (SR) in ST-elevation myocardial infarction has traditionally been assessed by coronary angiography. The frequency of SR varies widely in prior studies, and the clinical implications in the modern reperfusion era are un ... Full text Link to item Cite

Short- and long-term outcomes following atrial fibrillation in patients with acute coronary syndromes with or without ST-segment elevation.

Journal Article Heart · July 2008 OBJECTIVE: To assess variables associated with the occurrence of atrial fibrillation (AF) and the relation of AF with short- and long-term outcomes and with other in-hospital complications in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) with and without ST ... Full text Link to item Cite

Polymorphisms of the tumor suppressor gene LSAMP are associated with left main coronary artery disease.

Journal Article Ann Hum Genet · July 2008 Previous association mapping on chromosome 3q13-21 detected evidence for association at the limbic system-associated membrane protein (LSAMP) gene in individuals with late-onset coronary artery disease (CAD). LSAMP has never been implicated in the pathogen ... Full text Link to item Cite

Impact of diabetes on outcomes in patients with low and preserved ejection fraction heart failure: an analysis of the Candesartan in Heart failure: Assessment of Reduction in Mortality and morbidity (CHARM) programme.

Journal Article Eur Heart J · June 2008 AIMS: To determine whether the risk of adverse cardiovascular (CV) outcomes associated with diabetes differs in patients with low and preserved ejection fraction (EF) heart failure (HF). METHODS AND RESULTS: We analysed outcomes in the Candesartan in Heart ... Full text Link to item Cite

Antithrombotic drug development for atrial fibrillation: proceedings, Washington, DC, July 25-27, 2005.

Journal Article Am Heart J · May 2008 In July 2005, leaders from academia, government, and industry convened in Washington, DC, to discuss key issues in the development of antithrombotic treatments for atrial fibrillation (AF). In addition to summarizing available data on the relative benefits ... Full text Link to item Cite

Reperfusion after primary angioplasty for ST-elevation myocardial infarction: predictors of success and relationship to clinical outcomes in the APEX-AMI angiographic study.

Journal Article Eur Heart J · May 2008 AIMS: We studied the clinical, demographic, and angiographic factors associated with successful reperfusion and the relationship between angiographic indices and clinical outcomes in a subset of the APEX-AMI trial, which tested the efficacy of pexelizumab ... Full text Link to item Cite

Genetic and functional association of FAM5C with myocardial infarction.

Journal Article BMC Med Genet · April 22, 2008 BACKGROUND: We previously identified a 40 Mb region of linkage on chromosome 1q in our early onset coronary artery disease (CAD) genome-wide linkage scan (GENECARD) with modest evidence for linkage (n = 420, LOD 0.95). When the data are stratified by acute ... Full text Link to item Cite

Variation in the use of stress testing and outcomes in patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes: insights from GUSTO IIb.

Journal Article Eur Heart J · April 2008 AIMS: Non-invasive risk stratification of low- and intermediate-risk non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE ACS) patients has been recommended, but limited data exist about the variation in clinical practice of stress testing in these patients and ... Full text Link to item Cite

Adverse outcomes in fibrinolytic-based facilitated percutaneous coronary intervention: insights from the ASSENT-4 PCI electrocardiographic substudy.

Journal Article Eur Heart J · April 2008 AIMS: Patients in ASSENT-4 PCI undergoing tenecteplase-facilitated percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) had more adverse events than those undergoing primary PCI. We analysed this to gain further insights. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 549 patients w ... Full text Link to item Cite

Usefulness of quantitative versus qualitative ST-segment depression for risk stratification of non-ST elevation acute coronary syndromes in contemporary clinical practice.

Journal Article Am J Cardiol · April 1, 2008 This aim of this study was to assess the clinical utility of quantitative ST-segment depression (STD) for refining the risk stratification of non-ST elevation acute coronary syndromes in the prospective, multinational Global Registry of Acute Coronary Even ... Full text Link to item Cite

Sex-based differences in mortality following acute coronary syndromes

Conference JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CARDIOLOGY · March 11, 2008 Link to item Cite

Sex differences in clinical presentation and angiographic data in acute coronary syndromes

Conference JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CARDIOLOGY · March 11, 2008 Link to item Cite

Clopidogrel and CABG-related bleeding: Not as important as currently believed?

Conference JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CARDIOLOGY · March 11, 2008 Link to item Cite

Clinical and research issues regarding chronic advanced coronary artery disease part II: Trial design, outcomes, and regulatory issues.

Journal Article Am Heart J · March 2008 The population of patients with advanced coronary artery disease (CAD) is growing as a result of the aging of the general population, the extensive use of revascularization, and the efficacy of therapies that have prolonged the survival of patients with se ... Full text Link to item Cite

Trends in acute reperfusion therapy for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction from 1999 to 2006: we are getting better but we have got a long way to go.

Journal Article Eur Heart J · March 2008 AIM: Many patients who are eligible for acute reperfusion therapy receive it after substantial delays or not at all. We wanted to determine whether over the years more patients are receiving reperfusion therapy. METHODS AND RESULTS: This analysis is based ... Full text Link to item Cite

Risk stratification in ST-elevation myocardial infarction is enhanced by combining baseline ST deviation and subsequent ST-segment resolution.

Journal Article Heart · March 2008 BACKGROUND: The baseline sum of ST deviation (SigmaSTD) and ST segment resolution after fibrinolysis for ST-elevation myocardial infarction are prognostically useful. OBJECTIVES: To examine the prognostic impact of ST resolution after fibrinolysis and infl ... Full text Link to item Cite

Clinical and research issues regarding chronic advanced coronary artery disease: part I: Contemporary and emerging therapies.

Journal Article Am Heart J · March 2008 The following report is based on a working group meeting about advanced coronary artery disease for patients with refractory ischemia who cannot receive revascularization. The aims were to review currently available treatment strategies, define unmet clini ... Full text Link to item Cite

Intracoronary KAI-9803 as an adjunct to primary percutaneous coronary intervention for acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.

Journal Article Circulation · February 19, 2008 BACKGROUND: KAI-9803, a delta-protein kinase C inhibitor, has been shown to ameliorate injury associated with ischemia and reperfusion in animal models of acute myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS AND RESULTS: Direct Inhibition of delta-Protein Kinase C En ... Full text Link to item Cite

Association between bleeding, blood transfusion, and costs among patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes.

Journal Article Am Heart J · February 2008 BACKGROUND: Bleeding and blood transfusion are associated with increased morbidity and mortality among patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE ACS); however, the economic consequences of these complications are not well define ... Full text Link to item Cite

Effects of fondaparinux in patients with ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction not receiving reperfusion treatment.

Journal Article Eur Heart J · February 2008 AIMS: At least one quarter of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients do not receive reperfusion therapy, and these patients are at high risk for new ischaemic events. We evaluated fondaparinux treatment vs. usual care, i.e. placebo or ... Full text Link to item Cite

Efficacy and tolerability of adding an angiotensin receptor blocker in patients with heart failure already receiving an angiotensin-converting inhibitor plus aldosterone antagonist, with or without a beta blocker. Findings from the Candesartan in Heart failure: Assessment of Reduction in Mortality and morbidity (CHARM)-Added trial.

Journal Article Eur J Heart Fail · February 2008 BACKGROUND: The efficacy and safety of adding an angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) in heart failure (HF) patients already taking an angiotensin-converting enzyme-inhibitor (ACE-I) plus an aldosterone antagonist is uncertain (especially if taking a beta bl ... Full text Link to item Cite

The same sequence variant on 9p21 associates with myocardial infarction, abdominal aortic aneurysm and intracranial aneurysm.

Journal Article Nat Genet · February 2008 Recently, two common sequence variants on 9p21, tagged by rs10757278-G and rs10811661-T, were reported to be associated with coronary artery disease (CAD) and type 2 diabetes (T2D), respectively. We proceeded to further investigate the contributions of the ... Full text Link to item Cite

Initial aspirin dose and outcome among ST-elevation myocardial infarction patients treated with fibrinolytic therapy.

Journal Article Circulation · January 15, 2008 BACKGROUND: Although treatment with immediate aspirin reduces morbidity and mortality in ST-elevation myocardial infarction, the optimal dose is unclear. We therefore compared the acute mortality and bleeding risks associated with the initial use of 162 ve ... Full text Link to item Cite

Incidence and prognostic significance of thrombocytopenia in patients treated with prolonged heparin therapy.

Journal Article Arch Intern Med · January 14, 2008 BACKGROUND: Despite widespread heparin use in clinical practice, the associated development of thrombocytopenia is an underrecognized and undertreated complication. METHODS: We analyzed data from consecutive hospitalized patients treated with heparin (unfr ... Full text Link to item Cite

Impact of spontaneous reperfusion in diabetics with acute myocardial infarction

Conference JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CARDIOLOGY · 2008 Cite

Sensible approaches for reducing clinical trial costs.

Journal Article Clin Trials · 2008 BACKGROUND: Over the past decade, annual funding for biomedical research has more than doubled while new molecular entity approvals have declined by one third. OBJECTIVE: To assess the value of practices commonly employed in the conduct of large-scale clin ... Full text Link to item Cite

International variation in the use of blood transfusion in patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes.

Journal Article Am J Cardiol · January 1, 2008 The purpose of this study was to determine international patterns of blood transfusion in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Previous studies showed geographic heterogeneity in some aspects of ACS care. Data for variability in the use of blood tr ... Full text Link to item Cite

Do we need to adjudicate major clinical events?

Journal Article Clin Trials · 2008 PURPOSE: The use of centralized systems to adjudicate clinical events is common in large clinical trials, in spite of relatively little published literature concerning the rationale and justification. The purpose of this manuscript is to review the reasons ... Full text Link to item Cite

Does comorbidity account for the excess mortality in patients with major bleeding in acute myocardial infarction?

Journal Article Circulation · December 11, 2007 BACKGROUND: Analyses from randomized controlled trials suggest that bleeding in patients with acute myocardial infarction is associated with poor outcomes. Because these data are not generalizable to all patients with acute myocardial infarction, we sought ... Full text Link to item Cite

Failure of investigator adherence to electrocardiographic entry criteria is frequent and influences clinical outcomes: lessons from APEX-AMI.

Journal Article Eur Heart J · December 2007 AIMS: To examine the extent and impact on clinical outcomes of adherence to electrocardiogram (ECG) entry criteria in ST-elevation myocardial infarction patients in the assessment of pexelizumab in acute myocardial infarction (APEX-AMI) trial. METHODS AND ... Full text Link to item Cite

Relationship of treatment delays and mortality in patients undergoing fibrinolysis and primary percutaneous coronary intervention. The Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events.

Journal Article Heart · December 2007 OBJECTIVE: Treatment delays may result in different clinical outcomes in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who receive fibrinolytic therapy vs primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The aim of this analysis was to ... Full text Link to item Cite

Implementation of a statewide system for coronary reperfusion for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.

Journal Article JAMA · November 28, 2007 CONTEXT: Despite 2 decades of evidence demonstrating benefits from prompt coronary reperfusion, registries continue to show that many patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) are treated too slowly or not at all. OBJECTIVE: To estab ... Full text Link to item Cite

Incidence and predictors of hyperkalemia in patients with heart failure: an analysis of the CHARM Program.

Journal Article J Am Coll Cardiol · November 13, 2007 OBJECTIVES: We explored the incidence and predictors of hyperkalemia in a broad population of heart failure patients. BACKGROUND: When used in optimal doses to treat patients with heart failure, renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) inhibitors improv ... Full text Link to item Cite

Efficacy and safety of fondaparinux versus enoxaparin in patients with acute coronary syndromes undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention: results from the OASIS-5 trial.

Journal Article J Am Coll Cardiol · October 30, 2007 OBJECTIVES: This study reports a prospectively planned analysis of patients with acute coronary syndrome who underwent early percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the OASIS-5 (Fifth Organization to Assess Strategies in Ischemic Syndromes) trial. BACK ... Full text Link to item Cite

Timing of death and myocardial infarction in patients with non-ST elevation acute coronary syndromes: insights from randomized clinical trials.

Journal Article J Interv Cardiol · October 2007 BACKGROUND: Adverse events occur following non-ST elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE ACS). However, the timing of these events in relation to index event is less clear. METHODS: Accordingly, we evaluated 26,466 NSTE ACS patients from the Global Use o ... Full text Link to item Cite

Influence of nonfatal hospitalization for heart failure on subsequent mortality in patients with chronic heart failure.

Journal Article Circulation · September 25, 2007 BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic heart failure (HF) are at increased risk of both fatal and nonfatal major adverse cardiovascular events. We used data from the Candesartan in Heart failure: Assessment of Reduction in Mortality and morbidity (CHARM) trials ... Full text Link to item Cite

Reperfusion strategies in acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction: a comprehensive review of contemporary management options.

Journal Article J Am Coll Cardiol · September 4, 2007 There are an estimated 500,000 ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) events in the U.S. annually. Despite improvements in care, up to one-third of patients presenting with STEMI within 12 h of symptom onset still receive no reperfusion therapy ... Full text Link to item Cite

Summary of evidence regarding hospital strategies to reduce door-to-balloon times for patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention.

Journal Article Crit Pathw Cardiol · September 2007 Despite the clinical importance of prompt percutaneous coronary intervention for patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, many hospitals do not routinely achieve the guideline-recommended 90-minute door-to-balloon times. In this review, we ... Full text Link to item Cite

A common variant on chromosome 9p21 affects the risk of myocardial infarction

Journal Article Obstetrical and Gynecological Survey · September 1, 2007 Full text Cite

Body mass index and prognosis in patients with chronic heart failure: insights from the Candesartan in Heart failure: Assessment of Reduction in Mortality and morbidity (CHARM) program.

Journal Article Circulation · August 7, 2007 BACKGROUND: In individuals without known cardiovascular disease, elevated body mass index (BMI) (weight/height2) is associated with an increased risk of death. However, in patients with certain specific chronic diseases, including heart failure, low BMI ha ... Full text Link to item Cite

Differences between local hospital and core laboratory interpretation of the admission electrocardiogram in patients with acute coronary syndromes and their relation to outcome.

Journal Article Am J Cardiol · July 15, 2007 In the prospective, multinational Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE), patients diagnosed with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes had their admission electrocardiogram independently evaluated by a central core laboratory, and its interp ... Full text Link to item Cite

Primary percutaneous coronary intervention compared with fibrinolysis for myocardial infarction in diabetes mellitus: results from the Primary Coronary Angioplasty vs Thrombolysis-2 trial.

Journal Article Arch Intern Med · July 9, 2007 BACKGROUND: There is growing evidence for a clinical benefit of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) compared with fibrinolysis; however, whether the treatment effect is consistent among patients with diabetes mellitus is unclear. We compared P ... Full text Link to item Cite

Red cell distribution width as a novel prognostic marker in heart failure: data from the CHARM Program and the Duke Databank.

Journal Article J Am Coll Cardiol · July 3, 2007 OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to identify potentially novel laboratory markers of risk in chronic heart failure patients. BACKGROUND: Although a variety of prognostic markers have been described in heart failure, a systematic assessment of routine ... Full text Link to item Cite

Time to reperfusion in acute myocardial infarction. It is time to reduce it!

Journal Article J Electrocardiol · July 2007 BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Mortality from ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction remains high, with most deaths occurring before hospital admission. Despite effective pre- and in-hospital reperfusion strategies becoming standard over the past 2 decades ... Full text Link to item Cite

Paramedic transtelephonic communication to cardiologist of clinical and electrocardiographic assessment for rapid reperfusion of ST-elevation myocardial infarction.

Journal Article J Electrocardiol · July 2007 BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: We tested the hypothesis that paramedic recognition of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and cardiologist activation of the cardiac catheterization laboratory without transmission of the electrocardiogram reduces door-to-balloo ... Full text Link to item Cite

Sex differences in clinical characteristics and prognosis in a broad spectrum of patients with heart failure: results of the Candesartan in Heart failure: Assessment of Reduction in Mortality and morbidity (CHARM) program.

Journal Article Circulation · June 19, 2007 BACKGROUND: We wished to test previous hypotheses that sex-related differences in mortality and morbidity may be due to differences in the cause of heart failure or in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) by comparing fatal and nonfatal outcomes in wo ... Full text Link to item Cite

A common variant on chromosome 9p21 affects the risk of myocardial infarction.

Journal Article Science · June 8, 2007 The global endemic of cardiovascular diseases calls for improved risk assessment and treatment. Here, we describe an association between myocardial infarction (MI) and a common sequence variant on chromosome 9p21. This study included a total of 4587 cases ... Full text Link to item Cite

Interactions between heparins, glycoprotein IIb/IIIa antagonists, and coronary intervention. The Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE).

Journal Article Am Heart J · June 2007 OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to evaluate hospital mortality and major bleeding rates among patients receiving low molecular weight heparin (LMWH), unfractionated heparin (UFH), or both, and to investigate whether concomitant glycoprotein (GP) I ... Full text Link to item Cite

Decline in rates of death and heart failure in acute coronary syndromes, 1999-2006.

Journal Article JAMA · May 2, 2007 CONTEXT: Randomized trials provide robust evidence for the impact of pharmacological and interventional treatments in patients with ST-segment elevation and non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE ACS), but whether this translates to change ... Full text Link to item Cite

Bleeding and blood transfusion issues in patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes.

Journal Article Eur Heart J · May 2007 Antithrombotic therapy and invasive risk stratification in selected high-risk patients have improved outcomes from non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE-ACS), but carry a risk of bleeding and blood transfusion. Although the true incidence ... Full text Link to item Cite

Bringing cardiovascular cell-based therapy to clinical application: perspectives based on a National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Cell Therapy Working Group meeting.

Journal Article Am Heart J · May 2007 This article reviews the progress in cell therapy for cardiovascular disease and examines the opportunities to accelerate the process to clinical application. It draws from a meeting of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Working Group on Transla ... Full text Link to item Cite

Prevalence and prognostic impact of bundle branch block in patients with heart failure: evidence from the CHARM programme.

Journal Article Eur J Heart Fail · May 2007 BACKGROUND: Bundle branch block (BBB) is a powerful independent predictor of cardiovascular mortality in patients with heart failure (HF) and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). The prognostic implications in HF with preserved systolic funct ... Full text Link to item Cite

Peakwide mapping on chromosome 3q13 identifies the kalirin gene as a novel candidate gene for coronary artery disease.

Journal Article Am J Hum Genet · April 2007 A susceptibility locus for coronary artery disease (CAD) has been mapped to chromosome 3q13-21 in a linkage study of early-onset CAD. We completed an association-mapping study across the 1-LOD-unit-down supporting interval, using two independent white case ... Full text Link to item Cite

Use of proven therapies in non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes according to evidence-based risk stratification.

Journal Article Am Heart J · April 2007 BACKGROUND: Current guidelines advise the use of risk stratification to determine which patients should receive more aggressive antithrombotic and invasive therapies. Our objective was to evaluate the relationship between risk stratification and therapeuti ... Full text Link to item Cite

Impact of initial heart rate and systolic blood pressure on relation of age and mortality among fibrinolytic-treated patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction presenting with cardiogenic shock.

Journal Article Am J Cardiol · March 15, 2007 Older age is associated with worse outcomes in patients with cardiogenic shock complicating ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). However, significant heterogeneity exists in different age groups with respect to outcomes. Identification of factors th ... Full text Link to item Cite

Initial aspirin dose for the treatment of ST elevation myocardial infarction

Conference JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CARDIOLOGY · March 6, 2007 Link to item Cite

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Journal Article Journal of the American College of Cardiology · February 13, 2007 Full text Cite

The impact of anthropomorphic indices on clinical outcomes in patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction.

Journal Article Eur Heart J · February 2007 AIMS: Multiple studies have focused on the relationship of body anthropometric measures with clinical events in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients, highlighting the 'obesity paradox'. However, the relative prognostic importance of these me ... Full text Link to item Cite

Pexelizumab for acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention: a randomized controlled trial.

Journal Article JAMA · January 3, 2007 CONTEXT: Reperfusion with percutaneous transluminal coronary intervention (PCI) is effective at improving outcomes in patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). However, in patients without prompt reestablishment of brisk coronary flow ... Full text Link to item Cite

Does NT-proBNP predict and explain poor outcomes in STEMI patients? Insights from ASSENT-4 PCI

Conference JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CARDIOLOGY · 2007 Cite

Prevalence and prognostic implications of electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy in heart failure: evidence from the CHARM programme.

Journal Article Heart · January 2007 BACKGROUND: Electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy (ECG LVH) is a powerful independent predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in hypertension. OBJECTIVE: To determine the contemporary prevalence and prognostic implications of ECG LV ... Full text Link to item Cite

Characterization of health-related quality of life in heart failure patients with preserved versus low ejection fraction in CHARM.

Journal Article Eur J Heart Fail · January 2007 BACKGROUND: Limited comparative studies assessing the health-related quality of life (HRQL) in heart failure (HF) patients with preserved vs. low ejection fraction (LVEF) have been disparate. AIMS: The aims of this study were a) to characterize HRQL in a l ... Full text Link to item Cite

Prediction of risk of death and myocardial infarction in the six months after presentation with acute coronary syndrome: prospective multinational observational study (GRACE).

Journal Article BMJ · November 25, 2006 OBJECTIVE: To develop a clinical risk prediction tool for estimating the cumulative six month risk of death and death or myocardial infarction to facilitate triage and management of patients with acute coronary syndrome. DESIGN: Prospective multinational o ... Full text Link to item Cite

Time course of degradation of cardiac troponin I in patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction: the ASSENT-2 troponin substudy.

Journal Article Circ Res · November 10, 2006 Although measurement of troponin is widely used for diagnosing acute myocardial infarction (AMI), its diagnostic potential may be increased by a more complete characterization of its molecular appearance and degradation in the blood. The aim of this study ...