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Junfeng Zhang

Professor of Global and Environmental Health
Environmental Sciences and Policy
Box 90328, LSRC A309, 308 Research Drive, Durham, NC 27708
308 Research Drive, LSRC Room A309, Durham, NC 27708

Selected Publications


Bi-directional association between outdoor or social activities and cognitive function: do the PM2.5 exposure catalyze the detrimental inactivity-poor cognition cycle?

Journal Article Environmental research · April 2024 BackgroundPrevious research has shown that lack of leisure activities, either outdoor or social activities, impedes cognitive function. However, the interrelationship between poor cognition and deficient activities is understudied. In addition, wh ... Full text Cite

Arachidonic Acid Metabolites in Self-Collected Biospecimens following Campfire Exposure: Exploring Non-invasive Biomarkers of Wildfire Health Effects

Journal Article Environmental Science and Technology Letters · March 12, 2024 Climate change has contributed to the increased frequency and intensity of wildfires. Studying its acute effects is limited due to the unpredictable nature of the occurrence of wildfires, which necessitates readily deployable techniques for collecting bios ... Full text Cite

Critical windows of greenness exposure during preconception and gestational periods in association with birthweight outcomes.

Journal Article Environmental research, health : ERH · March 2024 Few studies have examined the association between greenness exposure and birth outcomes. This study aims to identify critical exposure time windows during preconception and pregnancy for the association between greenness exposure and birth weight. A cohort ... Full text Cite

Indoor Air Sources of Outdoor Air Pollution: Health Consequences, Policy, and Recommendations: An Official American Thoracic Society Workshop Report.

Journal Article Annals of the American Thoracic Society · March 2024 Indoor sources of air pollution worsen indoor and outdoor air quality. Thus, identifying and reducing indoor pollutant sources would decrease both indoor and outdoor air pollution, benefit public health, and help address the climate crisis. As outdoor sour ... Full text Cite

Susceptibility of hypertensive individuals to acute blood pressure increases in response to personal-level environmental temperature decrease.

Journal Article Environment international · March 2024 BackgroundEnvironmental temperature is negatively associated with blood pressure (BP), and hypertension may exacerbate this association. The aim of this study is to investigate whether hypertensive individuals are more susceptible to acute BP incr ... Full text Cite

Radon decay product particle radioactivity and oxidative stress biomarkers in patients with COPD.

Journal Article Environmental research · January 2024 Radon decay products include α-radiation emitting radionuclides that attach to airborne particles that have potential to promote oxidative tissue damage after inhalation. To assess associations between α-particle radioactivity (α-PR) with urinary biomarker ... Full text Cite

Impact of heat on emergency hospital admissions related to kidney diseases in Texas: Uncovering racial disparities.

Journal Article The Science of the total environment · January 2024 Background and objectiveWhile impact of heat exposure on human health is well-documented, limited research exists on its effect on kidney disease hospital admissions especially in Texas, a state with diverse demographics and a high heat-related de ... Full text Cite

Fine particulate matter contributes to COPD-like pathophysiology: experimental evidence from rats exposed to diesel exhaust particles.

Journal Article Respiratory research · January 2024 BackgroundAmbient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) is considered a plausible contributor to the onset of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Mechanistic studies are needed to augment the causality of epidemiologic findings. In ... Full text Cite

Generating High Spatial Resolution Exposure Estimates from Sparse Regulatory Monitoring Data.

Journal Article Atmospheric environment (Oxford, England : 1994) · November 2023 Random Forest algorithms have extensively been used to estimate ambient air pollutant concentrations. However, the accuracy of model-predicted estimates can suffer from extrapolation problems associated with limited measurement data to train the machine le ... Full text Cite

Indoor (residential) and ambient particulate matter associations with urinary oxidative stress biomarkers in a COPD cohort.

Journal Article The Science of the total environment · November 2023 ObjectivesOxidative stress contributes to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) pathophysiology. Associations between indoor (residential) exposure to particulate matter ≤2.5 μm in diameter (PM2.5) and one of its components, blac ... Full text Cite

Identifying critical windows of air pollution exposure during preconception and gestational period on birthweight: a prospective cohort study.

Journal Article Environmental health : a global access science source · October 2023 BackgroundFew studies have assessed air pollution exposure association with birthweight during both preconception and gestational periods.MethodsLeveraging a preconception cohort consisting of 14220 pregnant women and newborn children in ... Full text Cite

Citrus peel extract protects against diesel exhaust particle-induced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease-like lung lesions and oxidative stress.

Journal Article Food & function · October 2023 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the third leading cause of death worldwide and characterized by emphysema, small airway remodeling and mucus hypersecretion. Citrus peels have been widely used as food spices and in traditional Chinese medici ... Full text Cite

Pulmonary, inflammatory, and oxidative effects of indoor nitrogen dioxide in patients with COPD.

Journal Article Environmental epidemiology (Philadelphia, Pa.) · October 2023 IntroductionIndoor nitrogen dioxide (NO2) sources include gas heating, cooking, and infiltration from outdoors. Associations with pulmonary function, systemic inflammation, and oxidative stress in patients with chronic obstructive pulmo ... Full text Cite

Gestational age modifies the association between exposure to fine particles and fetal death: findings from a nationwide epidemiological study in the contiguous United States.

Journal Article Environmental health : a global access science source · September 2023 BackgroundsThe vulnerability of fetuses differs at different developmental stages, in response to environmental stressors such as fine particulate matter (PM2.5), a ubiquitous air pollutant. Whether gestational age (GA) modifies the ass ... Full text Open Access Cite

Urinary Amino-PAHs in relation to diesel engine emissions and urinary mutagenicity.

Journal Article International journal of hygiene and environmental health · August 2023 Diesel exhaust has long been of health concern due to established toxicity including carcinogenicity in humans. However, the precise components of diesel engine emissions that drive carcinogenesis are still unclear. Limited work has suggested that nitrated ... Full text Cite

Association between Childhood Asthma Control Test scores and lung pathophysiologic indicators in longitudinal measurements.

Journal Article Journal of thoracic disease · August 2023 BackgroundChildhood Asthma Control Test (C-ACT) is a well-validated questionnaire for asthma controls among 4-11 years old children. This study aims to examine if longitudinal C-ACT score changes could also reflect lung pathophysiologic changes. Full text Cite

Ambient PM2.5, ozone and mortality in Chinese older adults: A nationwide cohort analysis (2005-2018).

Journal Article Journal of hazardous materials · July 2023 BackgroundCohort evidence linking long-term survival with exposure to multiple air pollutants (e.g., fine particulate matter [PM2.5] and ozone) was extensively sparse in low- and middle-income countries, especially among older adults. T ... Full text Cite

Urinary 1-hydroxypyrene in pregnant women in a Northeastern U.S. city: socioeconomic disparity and contributions from air pollution sources.

Journal Article J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol · May 9, 2023 BACKGROUND: Maternal exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), ubiquitous constituents of air pollution, has been associated with adverse birth outcomes. Yet it remains unclear whether and how socioeconomic status (SES) affects gestational PAH e ... Full text Link to item Cite

Prenatal and Childhood Smoke Exposure Associations with Cognition, Language, and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder.

Journal Article J Pediatr · May 2023 OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationships of prenatal and childhood smoke exposure with specific neurodevelopmental and behavioral problems during early childhood. STUDY DESIGN: A subsample (n = 386) of mother-child dyads from the Newborn Epigenetic Study (NE ... Full text Link to item Cite

Ozone Reaction Products Associated with Biomarkers of Cardiorespiratory Pathophysiology.

Journal Article American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine · May 2023 Full text Cite

Bi-directional association between outdoor or social activities and cognitive function: do the PM2.5 exposure catalyze the detrimental inactivity-poor cognition cycle?

Journal Article Environmental research · April 2024 BackgroundPrevious research has shown that lack of leisure activities, either outdoor or social activities, impedes cognitive function. However, the interrelationship between poor cognition and deficient activities is understudied. In addition, wh ... Full text Cite

Arachidonic Acid Metabolites in Self-Collected Biospecimens following Campfire Exposure: Exploring Non-invasive Biomarkers of Wildfire Health Effects

Journal Article Environmental Science and Technology Letters · March 12, 2024 Climate change has contributed to the increased frequency and intensity of wildfires. Studying its acute effects is limited due to the unpredictable nature of the occurrence of wildfires, which necessitates readily deployable techniques for collecting bios ... Full text Cite

Critical windows of greenness exposure during preconception and gestational periods in association with birthweight outcomes.

Journal Article Environmental research, health : ERH · March 2024 Few studies have examined the association between greenness exposure and birth outcomes. This study aims to identify critical exposure time windows during preconception and pregnancy for the association between greenness exposure and birth weight. A cohort ... Full text Cite

Indoor Air Sources of Outdoor Air Pollution: Health Consequences, Policy, and Recommendations: An Official American Thoracic Society Workshop Report.

Journal Article Annals of the American Thoracic Society · March 2024 Indoor sources of air pollution worsen indoor and outdoor air quality. Thus, identifying and reducing indoor pollutant sources would decrease both indoor and outdoor air pollution, benefit public health, and help address the climate crisis. As outdoor sour ... Full text Cite

Susceptibility of hypertensive individuals to acute blood pressure increases in response to personal-level environmental temperature decrease.

Journal Article Environment international · March 2024 BackgroundEnvironmental temperature is negatively associated with blood pressure (BP), and hypertension may exacerbate this association. The aim of this study is to investigate whether hypertensive individuals are more susceptible to acute BP incr ... Full text Cite

Radon decay product particle radioactivity and oxidative stress biomarkers in patients with COPD.

Journal Article Environmental research · January 2024 Radon decay products include α-radiation emitting radionuclides that attach to airborne particles that have potential to promote oxidative tissue damage after inhalation. To assess associations between α-particle radioactivity (α-PR) with urinary biomarker ... Full text Cite

Impact of heat on emergency hospital admissions related to kidney diseases in Texas: Uncovering racial disparities.

Journal Article The Science of the total environment · January 2024 Background and objectiveWhile impact of heat exposure on human health is well-documented, limited research exists on its effect on kidney disease hospital admissions especially in Texas, a state with diverse demographics and a high heat-related de ... Full text Cite

Fine particulate matter contributes to COPD-like pathophysiology: experimental evidence from rats exposed to diesel exhaust particles.

Journal Article Respiratory research · January 2024 BackgroundAmbient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) is considered a plausible contributor to the onset of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Mechanistic studies are needed to augment the causality of epidemiologic findings. In ... Full text Cite

Generating High Spatial Resolution Exposure Estimates from Sparse Regulatory Monitoring Data.

Journal Article Atmospheric environment (Oxford, England : 1994) · November 2023 Random Forest algorithms have extensively been used to estimate ambient air pollutant concentrations. However, the accuracy of model-predicted estimates can suffer from extrapolation problems associated with limited measurement data to train the machine le ... Full text Cite

Indoor (residential) and ambient particulate matter associations with urinary oxidative stress biomarkers in a COPD cohort.

Journal Article The Science of the total environment · November 2023 ObjectivesOxidative stress contributes to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) pathophysiology. Associations between indoor (residential) exposure to particulate matter ≤2.5 μm in diameter (PM2.5) and one of its components, blac ... Full text Cite

Identifying critical windows of air pollution exposure during preconception and gestational period on birthweight: a prospective cohort study.

Journal Article Environmental health : a global access science source · October 2023 BackgroundFew studies have assessed air pollution exposure association with birthweight during both preconception and gestational periods.MethodsLeveraging a preconception cohort consisting of 14220 pregnant women and newborn children in ... Full text Cite

Citrus peel extract protects against diesel exhaust particle-induced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease-like lung lesions and oxidative stress.

Journal Article Food & function · October 2023 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the third leading cause of death worldwide and characterized by emphysema, small airway remodeling and mucus hypersecretion. Citrus peels have been widely used as food spices and in traditional Chinese medici ... Full text Cite

Pulmonary, inflammatory, and oxidative effects of indoor nitrogen dioxide in patients with COPD.

Journal Article Environmental epidemiology (Philadelphia, Pa.) · October 2023 IntroductionIndoor nitrogen dioxide (NO2) sources include gas heating, cooking, and infiltration from outdoors. Associations with pulmonary function, systemic inflammation, and oxidative stress in patients with chronic obstructive pulmo ... Full text Cite

Gestational age modifies the association between exposure to fine particles and fetal death: findings from a nationwide epidemiological study in the contiguous United States.

Journal Article Environmental health : a global access science source · September 2023 BackgroundsThe vulnerability of fetuses differs at different developmental stages, in response to environmental stressors such as fine particulate matter (PM2.5), a ubiquitous air pollutant. Whether gestational age (GA) modifies the ass ... Full text Open Access Cite

Urinary Amino-PAHs in relation to diesel engine emissions and urinary mutagenicity.

Journal Article International journal of hygiene and environmental health · August 2023 Diesel exhaust has long been of health concern due to established toxicity including carcinogenicity in humans. However, the precise components of diesel engine emissions that drive carcinogenesis are still unclear. Limited work has suggested that nitrated ... Full text Cite

Association between Childhood Asthma Control Test scores and lung pathophysiologic indicators in longitudinal measurements.

Journal Article Journal of thoracic disease · August 2023 BackgroundChildhood Asthma Control Test (C-ACT) is a well-validated questionnaire for asthma controls among 4-11 years old children. This study aims to examine if longitudinal C-ACT score changes could also reflect lung pathophysiologic changes. Full text Cite

Ambient PM2.5, ozone and mortality in Chinese older adults: A nationwide cohort analysis (2005-2018).

Journal Article Journal of hazardous materials · July 2023 BackgroundCohort evidence linking long-term survival with exposure to multiple air pollutants (e.g., fine particulate matter [PM2.5] and ozone) was extensively sparse in low- and middle-income countries, especially among older adults. T ... Full text Cite

Urinary 1-hydroxypyrene in pregnant women in a Northeastern U.S. city: socioeconomic disparity and contributions from air pollution sources.

Journal Article J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol · May 9, 2023 BACKGROUND: Maternal exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), ubiquitous constituents of air pollution, has been associated with adverse birth outcomes. Yet it remains unclear whether and how socioeconomic status (SES) affects gestational PAH e ... Full text Link to item Cite

Prenatal and Childhood Smoke Exposure Associations with Cognition, Language, and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder.

Journal Article J Pediatr · May 2023 OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationships of prenatal and childhood smoke exposure with specific neurodevelopmental and behavioral problems during early childhood. STUDY DESIGN: A subsample (n = 386) of mother-child dyads from the Newborn Epigenetic Study (NE ... Full text Link to item Cite

Ozone Reaction Products Associated with Biomarkers of Cardiorespiratory Pathophysiology.

Journal Article American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine · May 2023 Full text Cite

Associations between cooking fuels and hypertension prevalence in Chinese adults: A prospective cohort analysis focusing on fuel transitioning.

Journal Article Environment international · May 2023 BackgroundUsing polluting cooking fuels is a suggested risk factor for hypertension. Transitioning to clean cooking fuels has occurred widely in China in the past 30 years. This provides an opportunity to examine whether the transition could reduc ... Full text Cite

A systematic review of evidence for maternal preconception exposure to outdoor air pollution on Children's health.

Journal Article Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987) · February 2023 The preconception period is a critical window for gametogenesis, therefore preconception exposure to air pollutants may have long-term effects on children. We systematically reviewed epidemiological evidence concerning the effects of preconception ambient ... Full text Cite

Particulate matter (PM) oxidative potential: Measurement methods and links to PM physicochemical characteristics and health effects

Journal Article Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology · January 1, 2023 It has been widely accepted that the induction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is an important pathophysiologic pathway linking particulate matter (PM) exposure and adverse health effects. ROS can be either present on and/or within PM or generated in vivo ... Full text Cite

Acute change of lung function to short-term exposure to ambient air pollutants with and without physical activity: A real-world crossover study.

Journal Article Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987) · January 2023 Physical activity (PA) would increase the inhalation rate and thereby inhaled dose of air pollutants. However, it's still uncertain whether the effects of air pollutants on lung function are attenuated by PA, especially in the high-polluted areas. We aimed ... Full text Cite

Associations between personal apparent temperature exposures and asthma symptoms in children with asthma.

Journal Article PloS one · January 2023 Ambient temperature and relative humidity can affect asthma symptoms. Apparent temperature is a measure of temperature perceived by humans that takes into account the effect of humidity. However, the potential link between personal exposures to apparent te ... Full text Cite

Housing Environmental Factors Driving Falls Among Middle-Aged and Older Adults: A National Cohort Study.

Journal Article Innovation in aging · January 2023 Background and objectivesHousing is one of the main places where falls occur; however, few studies have examined housing environmental factors driving fall risk. This study aimed to explore the associations between housing environmental factors an ... Full text Cite

Physical activity attenuated the associations between ambient air pollutants and metabolic syndrome (MetS): A nationwide study across 28 provinces.

Journal Article Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987) · December 2022 The independent associations of air pollution and Physical activity (PA) with metabolic syndrome (MetS) were inconsistent, while the joint associations between PA and air pollution with MetS were still unknown. We aimed to (1) further confirm the independe ... Full text Cite

Tobacco Retail Outlets, Neighborhood Deprivation and the Risk of Prenatal Smoke Exposure.

Journal Article Nicotine Tob Res · November 12, 2022 INTRODUCTION: Smoking and smoke exposure among pregnant women remain persistent public health issues. Recent estimates suggest that approximately one out of four nonsmokers have measurable levels of cotinine, a marker indicating regular exposure to secondh ... Full text Link to item Cite

Chemical constituents of ambient fine particulate matter and obesity among school-aged children: A representative national study in China.

Journal Article The Science of the total environment · November 2022 BackgroundStudies show that fine particulate matter (PM2.5) contributes to childhood obesity. However, evidence on the effects of its constituents on obesity has not been explored.MethodsUsing multistage stratified cluster samp ... Full text Cite

Association of PM2.5 and Its Chemical Compositions with Metabolic Syndrome: A Nationwide Study in Middle-Aged and Older Chinese Adults.

Journal Article International journal of environmental research and public health · November 2022 Studies on the association of PM2.5 and its compositions with metabolic syndrome (MetS) were limited, and it was unclear which was the most hazardous composition. In this study, we aimed to investigate the association between PM2.5 an ... Full text Cite

NO2 and PM2.5 air pollution co-exposure and temperature effect modification on pre-mature mortality in advanced age: a longitudinal cohort study in China.

Journal Article Environmental health : a global access science source · October 2022 BackgroundThere is a discourse on whether air pollution mixture or air pollutant components are causally linked to increased mortality. In particular, there is uncertainty on whether the association of NO2 with mortality is independent ... Full text Cite

Association between outdoor artificial light at night and sleep duration among older adults in China: A cross-sectional study.

Journal Article Environmental research · September 2022 BackgroundLight after dusk disrupts the circadian rhythms and shifts the timing of sleep later; but it is unknown whether outdoor artificial light at night (ALAN) affects sleep quality. This study aimed to explore the association between residenti ... Full text Cite

Identifying the threshold of outdoor PM2.5 reversing the beneficial association between physical activity and lung function: A national longitudinal study in China.

Journal Article The Science of the total environment · September 2022 BackgroundDespite cumulative evidence reports the interaction effects of physical activity (PA) and air pollution on lung function, the findings have been inconsistent. We aimed to identify the threshold values that reverse the beneficial effects ... Full text Cite

Arachidonic acid metabolism and inflammatory biomarkers associated with exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.

Journal Article Environmental research · September 2022 Exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) has been associated with systemic inflammation, yet what mechanisms regulate PAHs' inflammatory effects are less understood. This study evaluated the change of arachidonic acid (ARA) metabolites and infla ... Full text Cite

Effects of physical activity intensity on adulthood obesity as a function of long-term exposure to ambient PM2.5: Observations from a Chinese nationwide representative sample.

Journal Article The Science of the total environment · June 2022 Long-term exposure to PM2.5 has been associated with increased obesity risk, while physical activity (PA) is a suggested protective factor. This raises a dilemma whether the increased dose of PM2.5 due to PA-intensified ventilation wo ... Full text Cite

Air pollution, residential greenness, and metabolic dysfunction biomarkers: analyses in the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey.

Journal Article BMC public health · May 2022 BackgroundWe hypothesize higher air pollution and fewer greenness exposures jointly contribute to metabolic syndrome (MetS), as mechanisms on cardiometabolic mortality.MethodsWe studied the samples in the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Long ... Full text Cite

Household mold exposure in association with childhood asthma and allergic rhinitis in a northwestern city and a southern city of China.

Journal Article Journal of thoracic disease · May 2022 BackgroundThe prevalence of asthma and allergic diseases has increased rapidly in Chinese cities over the past decades. Few studies have examined the potential role of household mold in asthma and allergies in Chinese cities.MethodsA cros ... Full text Cite

Benefits from disease-burden reduction for type 2 diabetes and obesity through comprehensive regulatory restrictions on phthalate use in China

Journal Article One Earth · April 15, 2022 Evidence is accumulating that the increasing incidence of type 2 diabetes and obesity is correlated with exposure to certain phthalates, which brings growing concern to the public health of China. However, the extent to which phthalate restrictions will al ... Full text Cite

Oral cavity response to air pollutant exposure and association with pulmonary inflammation and symptoms in asthmatic children.

Journal Article Environmental research · April 2022 Exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and ozone (O3) may lead to inflammation and oxidative damage in the oral cavity, which is hypothesized to contribute to the worsening of airway inflammation and asthma symptoms. In this pane ... Full text Cite

Field Evaluation of a Potential Exposure Biomarker of Methylated Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons: Association between Urinary Phenanthrene-2-carboxylic Acid and Personal Exposure to 2-Methylphenanthrene

Journal Article Environmental Science and Technology Letters · February 8, 2022 Previous in vitro studies identified carboxylic acids as the major metabolites of methylated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). We have previously detected phenanthrene-2-carboxylic acid (2-PHECA) in human urine, but a direct linkage between this bio ... Full text Cite

The effect of China's Clean Air Act on cognitive function in older adults: a population-based, quasi-experimental study.

Journal Article The lancet. Healthy longevity · February 2022 BackgroundAir pollution might accelerate cognitive ageing; it is unclear whether large-scale interventions, such as China's Clean Air Act (CCAA), can mitigate cognitive deterioration. We aimed to evaluate the effect of CCAA on changes in cognitive ... Full text Cite

Ozone versus Ozone Reaction Products: Which Is Responsible for Cardiorespiratory Effects?

Conference 17th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality and Climate, INDOOR AIR 2022 · January 1, 2022 When outdoor ozone is transported indoors, a substantial fraction is removed by reactions with indoor surfaces. These reactions generate products that can be inhaled together with ozone. In a panel of 89 healthy workers, we measured ozone concentrations ou ... Cite

Living Closer to Major Roads May Increase the Risk of Cognitive Decline

Chapter · January 1, 2022 Emerging evidence in North America and Europe suggests that traffic-related air pollution (TRAP) adversely affect cognition. However, little is known about this relationship in people living in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). It is also unknown w ... Full text Cite

Application of Biomarkers in Assessing Health Risk of Indoor Air Pollutants

Chapter · January 1, 2022 Increasing attention has been paid on health risks of indoor air pollution since most people spend up to 90% of their time indoors. The indoor air pollution mixture is mainly comprised of particulate matter (PM) and gaseous pollutants such as volatile orga ... Full text Cite

Animal Tests to Determine the Health Risks of Indoor Air Pollutants

Chapter · January 1, 2022 Public awareness of the importance of air quality in general, and of indoor air in particular, has grown over the past few decades. Sick building syndrome was an early indicator of this awareness, but harmful chemicals are still used in the manufacture of ... Full text Cite

The exposome in practice: an exploratory panel study of biomarkers of air pollutant exposure in Chinese people aged 60-69 years (China BAPE Study).

Journal Article Environment international · December 2021 The exposome overhauls conventional environmental health impact research paradigms and provides a novel methodological framework that comprehensively addresses the complex, highly dynamic interplays of exogenous exposures, endogenous exposures, and modifia ... Full text Cite

Dried Blood Spot Biomarkers of Oxidative Stress and Inflammation Associated with Blood Pressure in Rural Senegalese Women with Incident Hypertension.

Journal Article Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland) · December 2021 Blood biomarkers of oxidative stress and inflammation have been associated with increased risk of hypertension development; yet their application in sub-Saharan Africa has been limited due to the lack of blood collection facilities. In this study, we evalu ... Full text Cite

Associations between time-weighted personal air pollution exposure and amino acid metabolism in healthy adults.

Journal Article Environment international · November 2021 The molecular mechanisms underlying the associations between air pollution exposure and adverse cardiopulmonary effects remain to be better understood. Altered amino acid metabolism may plays an important role in the development of cardiopulmonary diseases ... Full text Cite

The associations of nitrated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon exposures with plasma glucose and amino acids.

Journal Article Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987) · November 2021 Nitrated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (nitro-PAHs) have been widely studied for their mutagenic and carcinogenic effects. This study aims to investigate whether exposure to nitro-PAHs is associated with biomarkers of carbohydrate metabolism, an underly ... Full text Cite

Urinary Amino-Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Urban Residents: Finding a Biomarker for Residential Exposure to Diesel Traffic.

Journal Article Environmental science & technology · August 2021 Despite substantial evidence of marked exposure to and ill-health effects from diesel exhaust (DE) emissions among occupational population (e.g., miners, truck drivers, and taxi drivers), it is less understood to what extent non-occupational population was ... Full text Cite

Effects of particulate matter gamma radiation on oxidative stress biomarkers in COPD patients.

Journal Article Journal of exposure science & environmental epidemiology · July 2021 Inhalation of particulate matter (PM) radioactivity is an important pathway of ionizing radiation exposure. We investigated the associations between short-term exposures to PM gamma radioactivity with oxidative stress in COPD patients. Urinary concentratio ... Full text Cite

Long-term exposure to ambient PM2.5 increase obesity risk in Chinese adults: A cross-sectional study based on a nationwide survey in China.

Journal Article The Science of the total environment · July 2021 Certain studies suggest that air pollution could be a risk factor for obesity, but the evidence on the association between air pollution exposure and obesity in adults is limited. This study aims to examine the association between long-term exposure to fin ... Full text Cite

Children's lung function in relation to changes in socioeconomic, nutritional, and household factors over 20 years in Lanzhou.

Journal Article Journal of thoracic disease · July 2021 BackgroundLanzhou has experienced rapid urbanization, leading to changes in socioeconomic, nutritional, and household factors. These changes may affect children's lung function.MethodsTwo cross-sectional studies of school-age children (6- ... Full text Cite

The effects of indoor and outdoor air pollution on the prevalence of adults' respiratory diseases in four Chinese cities: a comparison between 2017-2018 and 1993-1996.

Journal Article Journal of thoracic disease · July 2021 BackgroundOver the past decades, both ambient and household air pollution have changed in several aspects, including the emission sources and the concentrations of pollutants, in many Chinese cities. It is unknown whether these changes are associa ... Full text Cite

Household environmental factors and children's respiratory health: comparison of two cross-sectional studies over 25 years in Wuhan, China.

Journal Article Journal of thoracic disease · July 2021 BackgroundOver the recent decades, residential lifestyle and household environment have changed substantially with rapid development of industrialization and urbanization in China. Whether the prevalence of respiratory diseases changed is still la ... Full text Cite

Changes in children's lung function over two decades in relation to socioeconomic, parental and household factors in Wuhan, China.

Journal Article Journal of thoracic disease · July 2021 BackgroundIt is important to identify risk and beneficial factors for children's lung function. This study aims to ascertain potential changes in children's lung function in relation to changes in socioeconomic, parental and household factors, bas ... Full text Cite

Identifying the Best Questions for Rapid Screening of Secondhand Smoke Exposure Among Children.

Journal Article Nicotine Tob Res · June 8, 2021 INTRODUCTION: Many children suffer from secondhand smoke exposure (SHSe), which leads to a variety of negative health consequences. However, there is no consensus on how clinicians can best query parents for possible SHSe among children. We employed a data ... Full text Link to item Cite

Role of endogenous melatonin in pathophysiologic and oxidative stress responses to personal air pollutant exposures in asthmatic children.

Journal Article The Science of the total environment · June 2021 BackgroundHeightening oxidative stress and inflammation is an important pathophysiological mechanism underlying air pollution health effects in people with asthma. Melatonin can suppress oxidative stress and inflammation in pulmonary and circulato ... Full text Cite

Population ageing and deaths attributable to ambient PM2·5 pollution: a global analysis of economic cost.

Journal Article The Lancet. Planetary health · June 2021 BackgroundThe health impacts of ambient air pollution impose large costs on society. Although all people are exposed to air pollution, the older population (ie, those aged ≥60 years) tends to be disproportionally affected. As a result, there is gr ... Full text Cite

Malondialdehyde in dried blood spots: a biomarker of systemic lipid peroxidation linked to cardiopulmonary symptoms and risk factors.

Journal Article Journal of thoracic disease · June 2021 BackgroundThere are few oxidative biomarkers that can be used in resource-limited settings (e.g., rural Africa) where blood collection facilities are lacking. This study aims to evaluate the potential of malondialdehyde (MDA) in dried blood spots ... Full text Cite

Smoke-Free Home Rules and Association with Child Secondhand Smoke Exposure among Mother-Child Dyad Relationships.

Journal Article Int J Environ Res Public Health · May 14, 2021 Smoke-free home rules restrict smoking in the home, but biomarkers of secondhand smoke exposure are needed to help understand the association between smoke-free homes and child secondhand smoke exposure. Participants (n = 346) were majority Black/African A ... Full text Link to item Cite

Inhibition of TRPA1 reduces airway inflammation and hyperresponsiveness in mice with allergic rhinitis.

Journal Article FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology · May 2021 This study was conducted to investigate whether a transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) antagonist (HC-030031) can reduce airway inflammation and hyperresponsiveness in a murine allergic rhinitis (AR) model. BALB/c mice were sensitized and challen ... Full text Cite

DNA Methylation in Babies Born to Nonsmoking Mothers Exposed to Secondhand Smoke during Pregnancy: An Epigenome-Wide Association Study.

Journal Article Environ Health Perspect · May 2021 BACKGROUND: Maternal smoking during pregnancy is related to altered DNA methylation in infant umbilical cord blood. The extent to which low levels of smoke exposure among nonsmoking pregnant women relates to offspring DNA methylation is unknown. OBJECTIVE: ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Residential proximity to major roadways and cognitive function among Chinese adults 65 years and older.

Journal Article Sci Total Environ · April 20, 2021 Emerging evidence in North America and Europe suggests that traffic-related air pollution (TRAP) adversely affects cognition. However, little is known about this relationship in people living in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). It is also unknown ... Full text Link to item Cite

Metabolomic Changes after Subacute Exposure to Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons: A Natural Experiment among Healthy Travelers from Los Angeles to Beijing.

Journal Article Environmental science & technology · April 2021 Emerging epidemiological evidence has associated exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) with chronic diseases including cardiometabolic diseases and neurodegeneration. However, little information is available about their subacute effects, whic ... Full text Cite

Personal Exposure to PM2.5 Oxidative Potential in Association with Pulmonary Pathophysiologic Outcomes in Children with Asthma.

Journal Article Environmental science & technology · March 2021 Fine particulate matter (PM2.5) with a higher oxidative potential has been thought to be more detrimental to pulmonary health. We aim to investigate the associations between personal exposure to PM2.5 oxidative potential and pulmonary ... Full text Cite

Nitrated Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Arachidonic Acid Metabolisms Relevant to Cardiovascular Pathophysiology: Findings from a Panel Study in Healthy Adults.

Journal Article Environmental science & technology · March 2021 Concerns on nitrated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (nitro-PAHs) in the environment have mainly arisen from their mutagenic and carcinogenic effects. The objective of this study is to investigate whether nitro-PAH exposures are associated with biomarkers ... Full text Cite

Traffic-related environmental factors and childhood obesity: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Journal Article Obesity reviews : an official journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity · February 2021 A growing body of research links traffic-related environmental factors to childhood obesity; however, the evidence is still inconclusive. This review aims to fill this important research gap by systematically reviewing existing research on the relationship ... Full text Cite

Urinary carboxylic acid metabolites as possible novel biomarkers of exposures to alkylated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.

Journal Article Environment international · February 2021 Previous studies have found that alkylated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (alkyl-PAHs) were more abundant in petrogenic sources (e.g., crude oil and its refined products) than pyrogenic sources of incomplete combustion. While urinary hydroxylated metabol ... Full text Cite

Impacts of implementing Healthy Building guidelines for daily PM2.5 limit on premature deaths and economic losses in urban China: A population-based modeling study.

Journal Article Environment international · February 2021 Given a large fraction of people's exposure to urban PM2.5 occur indoors, reducing indoor PM2.5 levels may offer a more feasible and immediate way to save substantial lives and economic losses attributable to PM2.5 exposure ... Full text Cite

Real-time measurements of PM2.5 and ozone to assess the effectiveness of residential indoor air filtration in Shanghai homes.

Journal Article Indoor air · January 2021 Portable air cleaners are increasingly used in polluted areas in an attempt to reduce human exposure; however, there has been limited work characterizing their effectiveness at reducing exposure. With this in mind, we recruited forty-three children with as ... Full text Cite

Negative ions offset cardiorespiratory benefits of PM2.5 reduction from residential use of negative ion air purifiers.

Journal Article Indoor air · January 2021 Negative ion air purifiers (NIAPs), as a less costly alternative to the HEPA filtration, have been increasingly deployed in China and potentially elsewhere. While reducing indoor concentrations of fine particulate matter (PM2.5 ), NIAPs generate ... Full text Cite

Effects of AIR pollution on cardiopuLmonary disEaSe in urban and peri-urban reSidents in Beijing: Protocol for the AIRLESS study

Journal Article Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics · December 18, 2020 Beijing, as a representative megacity in China, is experiencing some of the most severe air pollution episodes in the world, and its fast urbanization has led to substantial urban and peri-urban disparities in both health status and air quality. Uncerta ... Full text Cite

Cardiopulmonary Impact of Particulate Air Pollution in High-Risk Populations: JACC State-of-the-Art Review.

Journal Article J Am Coll Cardiol · December 15, 2020 Fine particulate air pollution <2.5 μm in diameter (PM2.5) is a major environmental threat to global public health. Multiple national and international medical and governmental organizations have recognized PM2.5 as a risk factor for cardiopulmonary diseas ... Full text Link to item Cite

Endogenous melatonin mediation of systemic inflammatory responses to ozone exposure in healthy adults.

Journal Article The Science of the total environment · December 2020 Background/aimMelatonin is a free radical scavenger and an anti-inflammatory biomolecule. Air pollution exposure has been associated with increased inflammatory responses. We hypothesize that endogenous melatonin plays a role in inflammatory respo ... Full text Cite

The role of Hipk2-p53 pathways in arsenic-induced autistic behaviors: A translational study from rats to humans.

Journal Article Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987) · December 2020 Previous studies have associated the risk of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) with increased exposures to metals and metalloids such as arsenic. In this study, we used an animal-to-human translational strategy to identify key molecular changes that potential ... Full text Cite

Associations of ozone exposure with urinary metabolites of arachidonic acid.

Journal Article Environment international · December 2020 BackgroundOzone (O3) exposure has been associated with biomarkers of platelet activation and oxidative stress. The metabolism of arachidonic acid (AA) plays an important role in platelet activation and oxidative stress. However, AA meta ... Full text Cite

Twenty-Four-Hour Cardiovascular Effects of Electronic Cigarettes Compared With Cigarette Smoking in Dual Users.

Journal Article Journal of the American Heart Association · December 2020 Background Cardiovascular safety is an important consideration regarding the benefits versus risks of electronic cigarette use (EC) for public health. The single-use cardiovascular effects of EC have been well studied but may not reflect effects of ad libi ... Full text Cite

Using low-cost sensor technologies and advanced computational methods to improve dose estimations in health panel studies: results of the AIRLESS project.

Journal Article Journal of exposure science & environmental epidemiology · November 2020 BackgroundAir pollution epidemiology has primarily relied on fixed outdoor air quality monitoring networks and static populations.MethodsTaking advantage of recent advancements in sensor technologies and computational techniques, this pap ... Full text Cite

Children's microenvironmental exposure to PM2.5 and ozone and the impact of indoor air filtration.

Journal Article Journal of exposure science & environmental epidemiology · November 2020 BackgroundIn highly polluted urban areas, personal exposure to PM2.5 and O3 occur daily in various microenvironments. Identifying which microenvironments contribute most to exposure can pinpoint effective exposure reduction s ... Full text Cite

Association between exposure to fine particulate matter and obesity in children: A national representative cross-sectional study in China.

Journal Article Environment international · October 2020 BackgroundChildhood obesity is a global health issue, and limited evidence suggests that air pollution may be a contributing factor. This study aims to examine whether exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) is associated with obesi ... Full text Cite

Prevalence of respiratory diseases in relation to smoking rate in adults living in four Chinese cities: a comparison between 2017-2018 and 1993-1996.

Journal Article Journal of thoracic disease · October 2020 BackgroundThe sustained high prevalence of smoking in China has contributed substantially to the burden of chronic diseases, including respiratory diseases. This study compared the prevalence of smoking and respiratory diseases in Chinese adults b ... Full text Cite

Respiratory health effects of residential individual and cumulative risk factors in children living in two cities of the Pearl River Delta Region, China.

Journal Article Journal of thoracic disease · October 2020 BackgroundIndoor environment is complex, with many factors potentially interacting with each other to affect health. However, previous studies have usually focused on effect of a single factor. Assessment of the combined effects of multiple factor ... Full text Cite

Trends in ambient air pollution levels and PM2.5 chemical compositions in four Chinese cities from 1995 to 2017.

Journal Article Journal of thoracic disease · October 2020 An in-depth analysis of the specific evolution of air pollution in a given city can provide a better understanding of the chronic effects of air pollution on human health. In this study, we reported trends in ambient concentrations of particulate matter (P ... Full text Cite

Effects of indoor environment and lifestyle on respiratory health of children in Chongqing, China.

Journal Article Journal of thoracic disease · October 2020 BackgroundThe prevalence of certain respiratory diseases of children in China appears to be on the rise in recent decades. This study aims to explore residential environmental factors that may affect respiratory diseases and lung function of child ... Full text Cite

Changes in children's respiratory morbidity and residential exposure factors over 25 years in Chongqing, China.

Journal Article Journal of thoracic disease · October 2020 BackgroundRespiratory morbidity and mortality during childhood remains a major challenge for global health. Due to the rapid economic development in Chongqing, we expect substantial temporal changes in respiratory health status and environmental r ... Full text Cite

Changes in children's asthma prevalence over two decades in Lanzhou: effects of socioeconomic, parental and household factors.

Journal Article Journal of thoracic disease · October 2020 BackgroundThe prevalence of childhood asthma may have changed with rapid economic development. This study aims to ascertain potential changes in asthma prevalence in relation to changes in socioeconomic, parental and household factors, based on a ... Full text Cite

Long-term exposure to PM2.5 and Children's lung function: a dose-based association analysis.

Journal Article Journal of thoracic disease · October 2020 BackgroundThe current literature is still not consist regarding the effect of long-term exposure to PM2.5 and children's lung function, partly due to inadequate or inaccurate exposure assessment. In this study, we aim to investigate the associatio ... Full text Cite

Malondialdehyde in Nasal Fluid: A Biomarker for Monitoring Asthma Control in Relation to Air Pollution Exposure.

Journal Article Environmental science & technology · September 2020 Fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and ozone (O3) may exert oxidative damage in the nose, which is hypothesized to be associated with worsened asthma symptoms. This study, hence, is to explore whether an oxidative stress biomarker, malon ... Full text Cite

Inflammatory and oxidative stress responses of healthy adults to changes in personal air pollutant exposure.

Journal Article Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987) · August 2020 Exposure to air pollutants has been associated with respiratory and cardiovascular mortality, but the underlying molecular mechanisms remain inadequately understood. We aimed to examine molecular-level inflammatory and oxidative stress responses to persona ... Full text Cite

Association Between Bedroom Particulate Matter Filtration and Changes in Airway Pathophysiology in Children With Asthma.

Journal Article JAMA pediatrics · June 2020 ImportanceFine particles (particulate matter 2.5 μm [PM2.5]), a ubiquitous air pollutant, can deposit in the small airways that play a vital role in asthma. It appears to be unknown whether the use of a PM2.5 filtration device can improve small ai ... Full text Cite

Diurnal variations of greenhouse gases emissions from reclamation mariculture ponds

Journal Article Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science · May 31, 2020 Dissolved concentrations, saturation status, and emission fluxes of greenhouse gases (GHGs) in two reclamation mariculture ponds in the Bohai Gulf, China, were measured using the static headspace gas chromatography method and computed using a two-layer mod ... Full text Cite

Associations of personal exposure to air pollutants with airway mechanics in children with asthma.

Journal Article Environment international · May 2020 BackgroundThe importance of airway mechanics has been increasingly recognized in pediatric asthma. However, no studies have examined responses of airway mechanics to air pollution exposure in asthmatic children.MethodsIn this panel study ... Full text Cite

Transcriptomic changes in the nasal epithelium associated with diesel engine exhaust exposure.

Journal Article Environment international · April 2020 BackgroundDiesel engine exhaust (DEE) exposure causes lung cancer, but the molecular mechanisms by which this occurs are not well understood.ObjectivesTo assess transcriptomic alterations in nasal epithelium of DEE-exposed factory workers ... Full text Cite

The impact of household air cleaners on the oxidative potential of PM2.5 and the role of metals and sources associated with indoor and outdoor exposure.

Journal Article Environmental research · February 2020 The health effects associated with human exposure to airborne fine particulate matter (PM2.5) have been linked to the ability of PM2.5 to facilitate the production of excess cellular reactive oxygen species (oxidative potential). Conc ... Full text Cite

Associations of county-level cumulative environmental quality with mortality of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and mortality of tracheal, bronchus and lung cancers.

Journal Article The Science of the total environment · February 2020 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and tracheal, bronchus, and lung (TBL) cancers are among the leading causes of mortality worldwide. Many environmental factors have been linked to COPD and TBL cancers. This study examined the associations of cu ... Full text Cite

Using low-cost sensors to quantify the effects of air filtration on indoor and personal exposure relevant PM2.5 concentrations in Beijing, China

Journal Article Aerosol and Air Quality Research · February 1, 2020 Residents of polluted cities frequently use indoor air purifiers in an attempt to improve their health by reducing their exposure to air pollutants, despite the fact that few studies have assessed these devices under relevant field conditions. Low-cost air ... Full text Cite

Effect of Prenatal Smoke Exposure on Birth Weight: The Moderating Role of Maternal Depressive Symptoms.

Journal Article Nicotine Tob Res · January 27, 2020 INTRODUCTION: Both prenatal smoke exposure and depression have been linked to lower birth weight, a risk factor for morbidity and mortality. Few studies have looked at the interaction between these risk factors and none have used a biomarker to objectively ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Effects of personal air pollutant exposure on oxidative stress: Potential confounding by natural variation in melatonin levels.

Journal Article International journal of hygiene and environmental health · January 2020 Urinary 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) and malondialdehyde (MDA) are commonly used biomarkers of oxidative stress. However, their associations with air pollutant exposure have not been consistent across studies. We hypothesize that the inconsistency ... Full text Cite

Using low-cost sensors to monitor indoor, outdoor, and personal ozone concentrations in Beijing, China.

Journal Article Environmental science. Processes & impacts · January 2020 High concentrations of ground-level ozone (O3) have been measured outdoors across China but there are limited measurements of O3 in microenvironments, including in homes, and for personal exposure. This highlights the need for cheaper ... Full text Cite

The influence of indoor air cleaners on the oxidative potential and sources of metals in indoor, outdoor, and personal exposure of school aged children to PM2.5 in suburban Shanghai, China

Conference 16th Conference of the International Society of Indoor Air Quality and Climate: Creative and Smart Solutions for Better Built Environments, Indoor Air 2020 · January 1, 2020 Cite

Quantifying volatile organic compounds and their sources in residences in Ahmedabad and Gandhinagar, India, and in suburban Shanghai, China

Conference 16th Conference of the International Society of Indoor Air Quality and Climate: Creative and Smart Solutions for Better Built Environments, Indoor Air 2020 · January 1, 2020 Cite

Effects of ambient ozone concentrations with different averaging times on asthma exacerbations: A meta-analysis.

Journal Article The Science of the total environment · November 2019 BackgroundMounting evidence suggests that short-term exposure to ozone increases the risk of asthma exacerbations. However, ozone exposures have been assessed using ambient ozone concentrations averaged over different time periods in different stu ... Full text Cite

Responses of serum chemokines to dramatic changes of air pollution levels, a panel study.

Journal Article Biomarkers : biochemical indicators of exposure, response, and susceptibility to chemicals · November 2019 Background: Despite the in vitro and in vivo evidence, studies are limited in evaluating whether chemokines are potential inflammatory mediators in response to air pollution exposure in humans. Methods: We conducted a panel stud ... Full text Cite

The impact of household air cleaners on the chemical composition and children's exposure to PM2.5 metal sources in suburban Shanghai.

Journal Article Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987) · October 2019 Increased public awareness of the health impacts of atmospheric fine particulate matter (PM2.5) has led to increased demand and deployment of indoor air cleaners. Yet, questions still remain about the effectiveness of indoor air cleaners on indo ... Full text Cite

Ozone in urban China: Impact on mortalities and approaches for establishing indoor guideline concentrations.

Journal Article Indoor air · July 2019 Reducing indoor ozone levels may be an effective strategy to reduce total exposure and associated mortality. Here we estimate (a) premature mortalities attributable to ozone for China's urban population ≥25 years of age; (b) the fraction of total exposure ... Full text Cite

Urban airborne particle exposure impairs human lung and blood Mycobacterium tuberculosis immunity.

Journal Article Thorax · July 2019 RationaleAssociations between urban (outdoor) airborne particulate matter (PM) exposure and TB and potential biological mechanisms are poorly explored.ObjectivesTo examine whether in vivo exposure to urban outdoor PM in Mexico City and in ... Full text Cite

Mitochondrial ROS and NLRP3 inflammasome in acute ozone-induced murine model of airway inflammation and bronchial hyperresponsiveness.

Journal Article Free radical research · July 2019 Oxidative stress is a key mechanism underlying ozone-induced lung injury. Mitochondria can release mitochondrial reactive oxidative species (mtROS), which may lead to the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome. The goal of this study was to examine the roles of ... Full text Cite

Atmospheric deposition and vegetable uptake of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) based on experimental and computational simulations

Journal Article Atmospheric Environment · May 1, 2019 Experimental and computational simulations are conducted to assess the atmospheric gaseous deposition of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and their uptake by four leafy vegetables (spinach, Chinese cabbage, Shanghai green cabbage, and romaine) durin ... Full text Cite

Centralized outdoor measurements of fine particulate matter as a surrogate of personal exposure for homogeneous populations

Journal Article Atmospheric Environment · May 1, 2019 Fixed-site monitoring of particulate matter is often used as a surrogate of individual-level exposure, due to the high cost and logistic inconvenience of personal monitoring. However, studies have been limited to validate this approach in specific populati ... Full text Cite

Effects of air pollution on mitochondrial function, mitochondrial DNA methylation, and mitochondrial peptide expression.

Journal Article Mitochondrion · May 2019 Mitochondrial DNA is sensitive to damage by exogenous reactive oxygen sources, including traffic-related air pollution (TRAP). Given the important role for mitochondria in human disease, we hypothesized that prenatal air pollution exposure may be associate ... Full text Cite

Different metrics (number, surface area, and volume concentration) of urban particles with varying sizes in relation to fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO).

Journal Article Journal of thoracic disease · April 2019 BackgroundThere have been increasing concerns on potential health effects of ultrafine particles (UFP); but little is known as to what are the most biologically relevant metrics for these particles that make up very little mass concentration. We e ... Full text Cite

Traffic-related air pollution induces non-allergic eosinophilic airway inflammation and cough hypersensitivity in guinea-pigs.

Journal Article Clinical and experimental allergy : journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology · March 2019 BackgroundThe pathogenesis and pathophysiology of eosinophilia-related chronic cough such as non-asthmatic eosinophilic bronchitis and cough variant asthma are still not clear.ObjectiveThis study is to examine the potential role of traffi ... Full text Cite

Reducing Indoor Levels of "Outdoor PM2.5" in Urban China: Impact on Mortalities.

Journal Article Environmental science & technology · March 2019 This study estimates adult mortalities attributed to PM2.5 across urban China in 2015 and the corresponding mortalities that might be avoided by meeting the yearly averaged indoor PM2.5 threshold in the newly established Assessment St ... Full text Cite

Policies to promote energy efficiency and air emissions reductions in China's electric power generation sector during the 11th and 12th five-year plan periods: Achievements, remaining challenges, and opportunities

Journal Article Energy Policy · February 1, 2019 This paper reviews China's achievements in energy efficiency improvements and air emissions reductions from the electric power sector during the 11th five-year plan (FYP) (2006–2010) and 12th FYP (2011–2015) periods, and discusses the remaining challenges ... Full text Cite

Urinary mutagenicity and other biomarkers of occupational smoke exposure of wildland firefighters and oxidative stress.

Journal Article Inhalation toxicology · February 2019 Background: Wildland firefighters conducting prescribed burns are exposed to a complex mixture of pollutants, requiring an integrated measure of exposure. Objective: We used urinary mutagenicity to assess if systemic exposure to mutagens is h ... Full text Cite

Association of environmental exposure to heavy metals and eczema in US population: Analysis of blood cadmium, lead, and mercury.

Journal Article Archives of environmental & occupational health · January 2019 ObjectivesWe aim to explore the association between blood heavy metal concentrations of cadmium, lead, and mercury with ever-report of eczema in the US population.MethodsWe used NHANES cross-sectional data from 2005-2006. Eczema was measu ... Full text Cite

Effects of job conditions, occupational stress, and emotional intelligence on chronic fatigue among Chinese nurses: a cross-sectional study.

Journal Article Psychology research and behavior management · January 2019 Purpose: Nurses are undertaking considerable emotional and physical work, which may lead to unrecoverable fatigue. This study aimed to evaluate the level of chronic fatigue and explore its associated factors among Chinese nurses in the hope of provi ... Full text Cite

Season and size of urban particulate matter differentially affect cytotoxicity and human immune responses to Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

Journal Article PloS one · January 2019 Exposure to air pollution particulate matter (PM) and tuberculosis (TB) are two of the leading global public health challenges affecting low and middle income countries. An estimated 4.26 million premature deaths are attributable to household air pollution ... Full text Cite

Ozone Pollution: A Major Health Hazard Worldwide.

Journal Article Frontiers in immunology · January 2019 Oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) released into the atmosphere can react in the presence of solar irradiation, leading to ozone formation in the troposphere. Historically, before clean air regulations were implemente ... Full text Cite

Factors associated with quality of life among married women in rural China: a cross-sectional study.

Journal Article Quality of life research : an international journal of quality of life aspects of treatment, care and rehabilitation · December 2018 PurposeSpecific medical and living conditions in rural China may predispose people there to a poor quality of life. This study aimed to evaluate factors affecting the quality of life among married women in rural China.MethodsThis cross-se ... Full text Cite

Effect of residential air cleaning interventions on risk of cancer associated with indoor semi-volatile organic compounds: a comprehensive simulation study.

Journal Article The Lancet. Planetary health · December 2018 BackgroundHuman exposure to multiphase semi-volatile organic compounds (SVOCs) via multiple routes has been associated with health risks. Residential air cleaning interventions remove SVOCs adsorbed on airborne particles, which subsequently affect ... Full text Cite

Roles of mitochondrial ROS and NLRP3 inflammasome in multiple ozone-induced lung inflammation and emphysema.

Journal Article Respiratory research · November 2018 BackgroundMitochondrial damage leading to oxidant stress may play an important role in the pathogenesis of airflow obstruction and emphysema. NLPR3 inflammasome can be activated by mitochondrial ROS (mtROS) and other stimuli. We examined the impor ... Full text Cite

Characterization of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in vegetables near industrial areas of Shanghai, China: Sources, exposure, and cancer risk.

Journal Article Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987) · October 2018 Dietary consumption of contaminated vegetables may contribute to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) exposure in humans; however, this exposure pathway has not been examined thoroughly. This study aims to characterize the concentrations of PAHs in six ty ... Full text Cite

Simultaneous quantification of urinary 6‑sulfatoxymelatonin and 8‑hydroxy‑2'‑deoxyguanosine using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.

Journal Article Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences · September 2018 Oxidative stress is involved in the pathophysiology of many diseases and natural aging. Urinary 8‑hydroxy‑2'‑deoxyguanosine (8‑OHdG), a stable product of DNA oxidative damage, has been widely used as an oxidative stress biomarker. However, only reporting 8 ... Full text Cite

Self-reported prenatal tobacco smoke exposure, AXL gene-body methylation, and childhood asthma phenotypes.

Journal Article Clin Epigenetics · July 20, 2018 BACKGROUND: Epigenetic modifications, including DNA methylation, act as one potential mechanism underlying the detrimental effects associated with prenatal tobacco smoke (PTS) exposure. Methylation in a gene called AXL was previously reported to differ in ... Full text Link to item Cite

Age modification of ozone associations with cardiovascular disease risk in adults: a potential role for soluble P-selectin and blood pressure.

Journal Article Journal of thoracic disease · July 2018 BackgroundStudies have suggested that age increases susceptibility to ozone-associated mortality, but the underlying mechanisms are unclear. In a previous study, personal exposure to ozone was significantly associated with a platelet activation bi ... Full text Cite

The influence of air cleaners on indoor particulate matter components and oxidative potential in residential households in Beijing.

Journal Article The Science of the total environment · June 2018 In many developing regions with poor air quality, the use of air filtration devices to clean indoor air is growing rapidly. In this study, we collected indoor, outdoor and personal exposure filter-based samples of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) ... Full text Cite

Indoor black carbon of outdoor origin and oxidative stress biomarkers in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Journal Article Environment international · June 2018 ObjectivesWe assessed relationships between indoor black carbon (BC) exposure and urinary oxidative stress biomarkers, 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) and malondialdehyde (MDA), in participants with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD ... Full text Cite

Association of cardiovascular responses in mice with source-apportioned pm2.5 air pollution in beijing

Conference Aerosol and Air Quality Research · June 1, 2018 In this study, factor analysis and mass regression were used to identify four fine particulate matter sources and estimate their contributions to the ambient air pollution in Beijing. The identified sources were traffic re-suspended soil, mixed industrial ... Full text Cite

Combined use of an electrostatic precipitator and a high-efficiency particulate air filter in building ventilation systems: Effects on cardiorespiratory health indicators in healthy adults.

Journal Article Indoor air · May 2018 High-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filtration in combination with an electrostatic precipitator (ESP) can be a cost-effective approach to reducing indoor particulate exposure, but ESPs produce ozone. The health effect of combined ESP-HEPA filtration ha ... Full text Cite

Cardiopulmonary effects of overnight indoor air filtration in healthy non-smoking adults: A double-blind randomized crossover study.

Journal Article Environment international · May 2018 BackgroundMore than 90% of the world's population lives in areas where outdoor air pollution levels exceed health-based limits. In these areas, individuals may use indoor air filtration, often on a sporadic basis, in their residences to reduce exp ... Full text Cite

Associations between maternal cytokine levels during gestation and measures of child cognitive abilities and executive functioning.

Journal Article Brain Behav Immun · May 2018 Preclinical studies demonstrate that environmentally-induced alterations in inflammatory cytokines generated by the maternal and fetal immune system can significantly impact fetal brain development. Yet, the relationship between maternal cytokines during g ... Full text Link to item Cite

Relationship between free and total malondialdehyde, a well-established marker of oxidative stress, in various types of human biospecimens.

Journal Article Journal of thoracic disease · May 2018 BackgroundOxidative stress is involved in thoracic diseases and health responses to air pollution. Malondialdehyde (MDA) is a well-established marker of oxidative stress, but it may be present in unconjugated and conjugated forms. To our knowledge ... Full text Cite

A novel method for source-specific hemoglobin adducts of nitro-polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.

Journal Article Environmental science. Processes & impacts · March 2018 Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) are ubiquitous air pollutants associated with negative impacts on growth, development and behavior in children. Source-specific biological markers of PAH exposure are needed for targeting interventions to protect chil ... Full text Cite

Differential Health Effects of Constant versus Intermittent Exposure to Formaldehyde in Mice: Implications for Building Ventilation Strategies.

Journal Article Environmental science & technology · February 2018 Formaldehyde, an air pollutant in the indoor environment, may have severe effects on human health. The aim of this study is to compare the health effects caused by intermittent exposure to formaldehyde (based on real monitoring) to those caused by exposure ... Full text Cite

Impact of Smoking Ban on Passive Smoke Exposure in Pregnant Non-Smokers in the Southeastern United States.

Journal Article Int J Environ Res Public Health · January 6, 2018 Prenatal passive smoke exposure raises risk for negative birth outcomes. Legislation regulating public smoking has been shown to impact exposure levels, though fewer studies involving pregnant women have been conducted within the U.S. where bans are incons ... Full text Link to item Cite

Respiratory and cardiovascular responses to walking down a traffic-polluted road compared with walking in a traffic-free area in participants aged 60 years and older with chronic lung or heart disease and age-matched healthy controls: a randomised, crossover study.

Journal Article Lancet (London, England) · January 2018 BackgroundLong-term exposure to pollution can lead to an increase in the rate of decline of lung function, especially in older individuals and in those with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), whereas shorter-term exposure at higher poll ... Full text Cite

Exposure to Silver Nanospheres Leads to Altered Respiratory Mechanics and Delayed Immune Response in an in Vivo Murine Model.

Journal Article Frontiers in pharmacology · January 2018 Here we examine the organ level toxicology of both carbon black (CB) and silver nanoparticles (AgNP). We aim to determine metal-specific effects to respiratory function, inflammation and potential interactions with lung lining fluid (LLF). C57Bl6/J male mi ... Full text Cite

Transcriptomic Changes in the Nasal Epithelium Associated with Diesel Engine Exhaust Exposure

Conference AMERICAN JOURNAL OF RESPIRATORY AND CRITICAL CARE MEDICINE · January 1, 2018 Link to item Cite

Tightening standards for indoor levels of PM2.5: A promising approach for reducing PM2.5 associated mortalities in Urban China

Conference 15th Conference of the International Society of Indoor Air Quality and Climate, INDOOR AIR 2018 · January 1, 2018 “Healthy building” standards or guidelines have been established to reduce indoor PM2.5 exposure by limiting indoor concentrations. We estimate premature adult mortalities attributed to PM2.5 across urban China in 2015 and the corresponding mortality reduc ... Cite

Levels and risk factors for urinary metabolites of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in children living in Chongqing, China.

Journal Article Sci Total Environ · November 15, 2017 AIMS: Since childhood exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) have been associated with a variety of adverse health outcomes, the aims of this study were to1) document PAH exposure levels among children in Chongqing, China by measuring urinary ... Full text Link to item Cite

Oxidative DNA damage during night shift work.

Journal Article Occupational and environmental medicine · September 2017 ObjectivesWe previously reported that compared with night sleep, day sleep among shift workers was associated with reduced urinary excretion of 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OH-dG), potentially reflecting a reduced ability to repair 8-OH-dG lesions i ... Full text Cite

Association of Ozone Exposure With Cardiorespiratory Pathophysiologic Mechanisms in Healthy Adults.

Journal Article JAMA internal medicine · September 2017 ImportanceExposure to ozone has been associated with cardiovascular mortality, but the underlying biological mechanisms are not yet understood.ObjectiveTo examine the association between ozone exposure and cardiopulmonary pathophysiologic ... Full text Cite

Introduction to JTD Air Pollution Section.

Journal Article Journal of thoracic disease · September 2017 Full text Cite

Association of air pollution sources and aldehydes with biomarkers of blood coagulation, pulmonary inflammation, and systemic oxidative stress.

Journal Article Journal of exposure science & environmental epidemiology · May 2017 Using data collected before, during, and after the 2008 Summer Olympic Games in Beijing, this study examines associations between biomarkers of blood coagulation (vWF, sCD62P and sCD40L), pulmonary inflammation (EBC pH, EBC nitrite, and eNO), and systemic ... Full text Cite

Inactivation, Clearance, and Functional Effects of Lung-Instilled Short and Long Silver Nanowires in Rats.

Journal Article ACS nano · March 2017 There is a potential for silver nanowires (AgNWs) to be inhaled, but there is little information on their health effects and their chemical transformation inside the lungs in vivo. We studied the effects of short (S-AgNWs; 1.5 μm) and long (L-AgNWs; 10 μm) ... Full text Open Access Cite

Release of airborne particles and Ag and Zn compounds from nanotechnology-enabled consumer sprays: Implications for inhalation exposure

Journal Article Atmospheric Environment · January 1, 2017 The increasing prevalence and use of nanotechnology-enabled consumer products have increased potential consumer exposures to nanoparticles; however, there is still a lack of data characterizing such consumer exposure. The research reported here investigate ... Full text Cite

Effect of pulmonary surfactant on the dissolution, stability and uptake of zinc oxide nanowires by human respiratory epithelial cells.

Journal Article Nanotoxicology · November 2016 Inhaled nanoparticles (NPs) have high-deposition rates in the alveolar region of the lung but the effects of pulmonary surfactant (PS) on nanoparticle bioreactivity are unclear. Here, the impact of PS on the stability and dissolution of ZnO nanowires (ZnON ... Full text Cite

Effects of a nanoceria fuel additive on the physicochemical properties of diesel exhaust particles.

Journal Article Environmental science. Processes & impacts · October 2016 Nanoceria (i.e., CeO2 nanoparticles) fuel additives have been used in Europe and elsewhere to improve fuel efficiency. Previously we have shown that the use of a commercial fuel additive Envirox™ in a diesel-powered electricity generator reduced ... Full text Cite

Pulmonary surfactant mitigates silver nanoparticle toxicity in human alveolar type-I-like epithelial cells.

Journal Article Colloids and surfaces. B, Biointerfaces · September 2016 Accompanying increased commercial applications and production of silver nanomaterials is an increased probability of human exposure, with inhalation a key route. Nanomaterials that deposit in the pulmonary alveolar region following inhalation will interact ... Full text Cite

Ozone, Electrostatic Precipitators, and Particle Number Concentrations: Correlations Observed in a Real Office during Working Hours.

Journal Article Environmental science & technology · September 2016 This study investigates the impacts of outdoor and indoor ozone concentrations, ESP operation and occupancy on particle number concentrations within a modern office in Changsha, China. The office's one-pass air handling system contains a mini-bag filter (M ... Full text Cite

Dynamic population flow based risk analysis of infectious disease propagation in a metropolis.

Journal Article Environment international · September 2016 Knowledge on the characteristics of infectious disease propagation in metropolises plays a critical role in guiding public health intervention strategies to reduce death tolls, disease incidence, and possible economic losses. Based on the SIR model, we est ... Full text Cite

Oxidative DNA damage during sleep periods among nightshift workers.

Journal Article Occupational and environmental medicine · August 2016 ObjectivesOxidative DNA damage may be increased among nightshift workers because of suppression of melatonin, a cellular antioxidant, and/or inflammation related to sleep disruption. However, oxidative DNA damage has received limited attention in ... Full text Cite

Hydrogen Sulfide Prevents and Partially Reverses Ozone-Induced Features of Lung Inflammation and Emphysema in Mice.

Journal Article American journal of respiratory cell and molecular biology · July 2016 Hydrogen sulfide (H2S), a novel signaling gasotransmitter in the respiratory system, may have antiinflammatory properties in the lung. We examined the preventive and therapeutic effects of H2S on ozone-induced features of lung inflammation and emphysema. C ... Full text Cite

Impact of the 2008 Beijing Olympics on the risk of pregnancy complications.

Journal Article Archives of environmental & occupational health · July 2016 Taking advantage of the natural experiment of the 2008 Beijing Olympics (August 8 to September 24), when air pollution levels decreased by 13% to 60%, the authors assessed whether having ≥1 pregnancy month during the Olympics was associated with decreased ... Full text Cite

Pulmonary effects of inhalation of spark-generated silver nanoparticles in Brown-Norway and Sprague-Dawley rats.

Journal Article Respiratory research · July 2016 BackgroundThe increasing use of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) in consumer products is concerning. We examined the potential toxic effects when inhaled in Brown-Norway (BN) rats with a pre-inflammatory state compared to Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. ... Full text Cite

Chronic exposure to air pollution particles increases the risk of obesity and metabolic syndrome: findings from a natural experiment in Beijing.

Journal Article FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology · June 2016 Epidemiologic evidence suggests that air pollution is a risk factor for childhood obesity. Limited experimental data have shown that early-life exposure to ambient particles either increases susceptibility to diet-induced weight gain in adulthood or increa ... Full text Cite

Risk analysis for rumor propagation in metropolises based on improved 8-state ICSAR model and dynamic personal activity trajectories

Journal Article Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications · June 1, 2016 Social media has developed extremely fast in metropolises in recent years resulting in more and more rumors disturbing our daily lives. Knowing the characteristics of rumor propagation in metropolises can help the government make efficient rumor refutation ... Full text Cite

Dietary intake polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and associated cancer risk in a cohort of Chinese urban adults: Inter- and intra-individual variability.

Journal Article Chemosphere · February 2016 Dietary intake is one of the major exposure pathways of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), especially in Chinese people because foods are often prepared with grilling and/or frying that would produce high levels of PAHs. In this paper, we assessed da ... Full text Cite

The impact of interpersonal pre-warning information dissemination on regional emergency evacuation

Journal Article Natural Hazards · February 1, 2016 Interpersonal pre-warning information dissemination among members of the population plays a critical role in serious emergencies such as tsunami, chemical leakage and terrorist attacks as there is no sufficient time for government agencies to notify all of ... Full text Cite

Measurement of human CYP1A2 induction by inhalation exposure to benzo(a)pyrene based on in vivo isotope breath method.

Journal Article Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987) · January 2016 Cytochrome P450 1A2 (CYP1A2) is an enzyme involved in the metabolic activation of certain carcinogens, and inducible by toxic substrates. To date, few studies have investigated in vivo CYP1A2 induction in humans and its relationship to polycylic aromatic h ... Full text Cite

Low-dose AgNPs reduce lung mechanical function and innate immune defense in the absence of cellular toxicity.

Journal Article Nanotoxicology · January 2016 Multiple studies have examined the direct cellular toxicity of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). However, the lung is a complex biological system with multiple cell types and a lipid-rich surface fluid; therefore, organ level responses may not depend on direct ... Full text Cite

Carboxylation of multiwalled carbon nanotubes reduces their toxicity in primary human alveolar macrophages

Journal Article Environmental Science: Nano · January 1, 2016 Surface functionalisation of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) is commonly used to facilitate their various and diverse applications. Inhaled nanomaterials, such as MWCNTs, have a high deposition rate in the alveolar units of the deep lung, where alveol ... Full text Cite

Levels of Urinary Metabolites of Organophosphate Flame Retardants, TDCIPP, and TPHP, in Pregnant Women in Shanghai.

Journal Article J Environ Public Health · 2016 Flame retardants are widely used in consumer products to reduce their flammability. Previously used flame retardants have been sequentially banned due to their environmental and human toxicity. Currently, tris(1,3-dichloropropyl) phosphate (TDCIPP) and tri ... Full text Open Access Link to item Cite

Urinary polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon metabolites as biomarkers of exposure to traffic-emitted pollutants.

Journal Article Environment international · December 2015 1-Nitro-pyrene has been considered a compound specific to diesel combustion emission, while 1- and 2-nitro-napthalene are mainly produced through photochemical conversion of naphthalene released to the atmosphere. Metabolites of these compounds may serve a ... Full text Cite

Differences in Birth Weight Associated with the 2008 Beijing Olympics Air Pollution Reduction: Results from a Natural Experiment.

Journal Article Environ Health Perspect · September 2015 BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported decreased birth weight associated with increased air pollutant concentrations during pregnancy. However, it is not clear when during pregnancy increases in air pollution are associated with the largest differences ... Full text Link to item Cite

Modeling In Vivo Interactions of Engineered Nanoparticles in the Pulmonary Alveolar Lining Fluid.

Journal Article Nanomaterials (Basel, Switzerland) · September 2015 Increasing use of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) in consumer products may result in widespread human inhalation exposures. Due to their high surface area per unit mass, inhaled ENMs interact with multiple components of the pulmonary system, and these inte ... Full text Cite

Effects of hydrogen sulfide on ozone-induced features of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Conference 6.2 Occupational and Environmental Health · September 2015 Full text Cite

Static and Dynamic Microscopy of the Chemical Stability and Aggregation State of Silver Nanowires in Components of Murine Pulmonary Surfactant.

Journal Article Environmental science & technology · July 2015 The increase of production volumes of silver nanowires (AgNWs) and of consumer products incorporating them may lead to increased health risks from occupational and public exposures. There is currently limited information about the putative toxicity of AgNW ... Full text Cite

Silver nanowire interactions with primary human alveolar type-II epithelial cell secretions: contrasting bioreactivity with human alveolar type-I and type-II epithelial cells.

Journal Article Nanoscale · June 2015 Inhaled nanoparticles have a high deposition rate in the alveolar units of the deep lung. The alveolar epithelium is composed of type-I and type-II epithelial cells (ATI and ATII respectively) and is bathed in pulmonary surfactant. The effect of native hum ... Full text Cite

Aldehydes in Relation to Air Pollution Sources: A Case Study around the Beijing Olympics.

Journal Article Atmospheric environment (Oxford, England : 1994) · May 2015 This study was carried out to characterize three aldehydes of health concern (formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, and acrolein) at a central Beijing site in the summer and early fall of 2008 (from June to October). Aldehydes in polluted atmospheres come from both ... Full text Cite

Adsorption of surfactant protein D from human respiratory secretions by carbon nanotubes and polystyrene nanoparticles depends on nanomaterial surface modification and size.

Journal Article Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences · February 2015 The alveolar respiratory unit constitutes one of the main targets of inhaled nanoparticles; the effect of engineered nanomaterials (NMs) on human health is largely unknown. Surfactant protein D (SP-D) is synthesized by alveolar type II epithelial cells and ... Full text Cite

Inhibitory effect of hydrogen sulfide on ozone-induced airway inflammation, oxidative stress, and bronchial hyperresponsiveness.

Journal Article American journal of respiratory cell and molecular biology · January 2015 Exposure to ozone has been associated with airway inflammation, oxidative stress, and bronchial hyperresponsiveness. The goal of this study was to examine whether these adverse effects of ozone could be prevented or reversed by hydrogen sulfide (H2S) as a ... Full text Cite

Haze, health and disease.

Journal Article Journal of thoracic disease · January 2015 Full text Cite

Chinese haze versus Western smog: lessons learned.

Journal Article Journal of thoracic disease · January 2015 Air pollution in many Chinese cities has been so severe in recent years that a special terminology, the "Chinese haze", was created to describe China's air quality problem. Historically, the problem of Chinese haze has developed several decades after Weste ... Full text Cite

Pulmonary toxicity of instilled silver nanoparticles: influence of size, coating and rat strain.

Journal Article PloS one · January 2015 Particle size and surface chemistry are potential determinants of silver nanoparticle (AgNP) respiratory toxicity that may also depend on the lung inflammatory state. We compared the effects of intratracheally-administered AgNPs (20 nm and 110 nm; polyviny ... Full text Cite

Modulation of Human Macrophage Responses to Mycobacterium tuberculosis by Silver Nanoparticles of Different Size and Surface Modification.

Journal Article PloS one · January 2015 Exposure to silver nanoparticles (AgNP) used in consumer products carries potential health risks including increased susceptibility to infectious pathogens. Systematic assessments of antimicrobial macrophage immune responses in the context of AgNP exposure ... Full text Cite

Urban Air Pollution and Health in Developing Countries

Chapter · January 1, 2015 The rapid economic development occurring in developing countries in recent decades has been accompanied with increasingly worsened air quality. In recent years, severe air pollution episodes have occurred frequently in the cities of some developing countri ... Full text Cite

Modeling Population Exposures to Silver Nanoparticles Present in Consumer Products.

Journal Article Journal of nanoparticle research : an interdisciplinary forum for nanoscale science and technology · November 2014 Exposures of the general population to manufactured nanoparticles (MNPs) are expected to keep rising due to increasing use of MNPs in common consumer products (PEN 2014). The present study focuses on characterizing ambient and indoor population exposures t ... Full text Cite

A controlled trial of acute effects of human exposure to traffic particles on pulmonary oxidative stress and heart rate variability.

Journal Article Particle and fibre toxicology · November 2014 BackgroundFor many individuals, daily commuting activities on roadways account for a substantial proportion of total exposure, as well as peak-level exposures, to traffic-related air pollutants (TRAPS) including ultrafine particles, but the health ... Full text Cite

Modeling physicochemical interactions affecting in vitro cellular dosimetry of engineered nanomaterials: application to nanosilver.

Journal Article Journal of nanoparticle research : an interdisciplinary forum for nanoscale science and technology · October 2014 Engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) possess unique characteristics affecting their interactions in biological media and biological tissues. Systematic investigation of the effects of particle properties on biological toxicity requires a comprehensive modeling ... Full text Cite

Short-term traffic related exposures and biomarkers of nitro-PAH exposure and oxidative DNA damage.

Journal Article Toxics · September 2014 Exposure to vehicle exhaust has been associated with cardiac and respiratory disease, lung cancer, and greater overall mortality. We investigated whether amino- polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (amino-PAH) metabolites of nitro-PAHs could be used as biomarke ... Full text Cite

Analysis of bisphenol A diglycidyl ether (BADGE) and its hydrolytic metabolites in biological specimens by high-performance liquid chromatography and tandem mass spectrometry.

Journal Article Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences · August 2014 Due to its cytotoxicity, genotoxicity, and adipogenicity observed in in vitro studies, bisphenol A diglycidyl ether (BADGE) may pose a health risk to humans. Quantifying BADGE exposure is an essential step to assess potential health risks associated with t ... Full text Cite

Peak expiratory flow, breath rate and blood pressure in adults with changes in particulate matter air pollution during the Beijing Olympics: a panel study.

Journal Article Environmental research · August 2014 ObjectivesThis study aims to examine whether changes in short-term exposures to particulate matter are associated with changes in lung function, breath rate, and blood pressure among healthy adults and whether smoking status modifies the associati ... Full text Cite

Comparisons of ultrafine and fine particles in their associations with biomarkers reflecting physiological pathways.

Journal Article Environmental science & technology · May 2014 Using a quasi-experimental opportunity offered by greatly restricted air pollution emissions during the Beijing Olympics compared to before and after the Olympics, we conducted the current study to compare ultrafine particles (UFPs) and fine particles (PM2 ... Full text Cite

Variability in bioreactivity linked to changes in size and zeta potential of diesel exhaust particles in human immune cells.

Journal Article PloS one · January 2014 Acting as fuel combustion catalysts to increase fuel economy, cerium dioxide (ceria, CeO2) nanoparticles have been used in Europe as diesel fuel additives (Envirox™). We attempted to examine the effects of particles emitted from a diesel engine burning eit ... Full text Cite

The cardiopulmonary effects of ambient air pollution and mechanistic pathways: a comparative hierarchical pathway analysis.

Journal Article PloS one · January 2014 Previous studies have investigated the associations between exposure to ambient air pollution and biomarkers of physiological pathways, yet little has been done on the comparison across biomarkers of different pathways to establish the temporal pattern of ... Full text Cite

Household coal combustion: Exposure to toxic pollutants and health effects

Journal Article Indoor Air 2014 - 13th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality and Climate · January 1, 2014 Cite

Modeling in vitro cellular responses to silver nanoparticles.

Journal Article Journal of toxicology · January 2014 Engineered nanoparticles (NPs) have been widely demonstrated to induce toxic effects to various cell types. In vitro cell exposure systems have high potential for reliable, high throughput screening of nanoparticle toxicity, allowing focusing on particular ... Full text Cite

Climate change and health

Chapter · January 1, 2014 Full text Cite

High-resolution analytical electron microscopy reveals cell culture media-induced changes to the chemistry of silver nanowires.

Journal Article Environmental science & technology · December 2013 There is a growing concern about the potential adverse effects on human health upon exposure to engineered silver nanomaterials (particles, wires, and plates). However, the majority of studies testing the toxicity of silver nanomaterials have examined nomi ... Full text Cite

Impacts of a nanosized ceria additive on diesel engine emissions of particulate and gaseous pollutants.

Journal Article Environmental science & technology · November 2013 Fuel additives incorporating nanosized ceria have been increasingly used in diesel engines as combustion promoters. However, few studies have assessed the impact of these nanotechnology-based additives on pollutant emissions. Here, we systematically compar ... Full text Cite

Aldehydes in passenger vehicles: An analysis of data from the RIOPA Study 1999-2001

Journal Article Atmospheric Environment · November 1, 2013 In-vehicle air quality (IVAQ) can be a major health concern due to factors such as urban sprawl and increased commuting time spent by individuals in vehicles. Few studies, particularly in the U.S., have considered in-vehicle toxic air contaminants, and non ... Full text Cite

Concentrations of urinary 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine and 8-isoprostane in women exposed to woodsmoke in a cookstove intervention study in San Marcos, Peru.

Journal Article Environment international · October 2013 Nearly half of the world's population is exposed to household air pollution (HAP) due to long hours spent in close proximity to unvented cooking fires. The effect of woodsmoke exposure on oxidative stress was examined by investigating the association betwe ... Full text Cite

Sulfidation of silver nanowires inside human alveolar epithelial cells: a potential detoxification mechanism.

Journal Article Nanoscale · October 2013 Silver nanowires (AgNWs) are being developed for use in optoelectronics. However before widespread usage, it is crucial to determine their potential effects on human health. It is accepted that Ag nanoparticles (AgNPs) exert toxic effects by releasing Ag(+ ... Full text Cite

The stability of silver nanoparticles in a model of pulmonary surfactant.

Journal Article Environmental science & technology · October 2013 The growing use of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) in consumer products has raised concerns about their potential impact on the environment and human health. Whether AgNPs dissolve and release Ag(+) ions, or coarsen to form large aggregates, is critical in de ... Full text Cite

The triggering of myocardial infarction by fine particles is enhanced when particles are enriched in secondary species.

Journal Article Environmental science & technology · August 2013 Previous studies have reported an increased risk of myocardial infarction (MI) associated with acute increases in PM concentration. Recently, we reported that MI/fine particle (PM2.5) associations may be limited to transmural infarctions. In this study, we ... Full text Cite

Malondialdehyde in exhaled breath condensate and urine as a biomarker of air pollution induced oxidative stress.

Journal Article Journal of exposure science & environmental epidemiology · May 2013 Underlying mechanisms by which air pollutants adversely affect human health remain poorly understood. Oxidative stress has been considered as a potential mechanism that may promote lipid peroxidation by reactive oxygen species, leading to the formation of ... Full text Cite

Occupational exposure to woodsmoke and oxidative stress in wildland firefighters.

Journal Article The Science of the total environment · April 2013 Experimental studies indicate that exposure to woodsmoke could induce oxidative stress. However studies have not been conducted among the general population and specialized occupational groups despite the existence of elevated woodsmoke exposure situations ... Full text Cite

Changes of plasma vWF level in response to the improvement of air quality: an observation of 114 healthy young adults.

Journal Article Annals of hematology · April 2013 Plasma von Willebrand factor (vWF) is an important factor involving in hemostasis and various cardiovascular diseases. Air pollution is related to many respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. During the Olympic Games Beijing 2008 period (August 8 to Septe ... Full text Cite

Cardiorespiratory biomarker responses in healthy young adults to drastic air quality changes surrounding the 2008 Beijing Olympics.

Journal Article Research report (Health Effects Institute) · February 2013 Associations between air pollution and cardiorespiratory mortality and morbidity have been well established, but data to support biologic mechanisms underlying these associations are limited. We designed this study to examine several prominently hypothesiz ... Cite

Computational multiscale toxicodynamic modeling of silver and carbon nanoparticle effects on mouse lung function.

Journal Article PloS one · January 2013 A computational, multiscale toxicodynamic model has been developed to quantify and predict pulmonary effects due to uptake of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) in mice. The model consists of a collection of coupled toxicodynamic modules, that were independen ... Full text Cite

Effects of N-acetylcysteine in ozone-induced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease model.

Journal Article PloS one · January 2013 IntroductionChronic exposure to high levels of ozone induces emphysema and chronic inflammation in mice. We determined the recovery from ozone-induced injury and whether an antioxidant, N-acetylcysteine (NAC), could prevent or reverse the lung dam ... Full text Cite

Inflammatory and oxidative stress responses of healthy young adults to changes in air quality during the Beijing Olympics.

Journal Article American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine · December 2012 RationaleUnprecedented pollution control actions during the Beijing Olympics provided a quasi-experimental opportunity to examine biologic responses to drastic changes in air pollution levels.ObjectivesTo determine whether changes in leve ... Full text Cite

Controlled exposure to diesel exhaust causes increased nitrite in exhaled breath condensate among subjects with asthma.

Journal Article Journal of occupational and environmental medicine · October 2012 ObjectiveTo determine whether oxidative/nitrosative stress plays a role in the acute effects of diesel exhaust (DE) on subjects with asthma.MethodsIn this crossover study, 16 subjects with mild to moderate asthma were exposed to clean fil ... Full text Cite

Ambient particulate matter and lung function growth in Chinese children.

Journal Article Epidemiology (Cambridge, Mass.) · May 2012 BackgroundExposure to particulate matter (PM) has been associated with deficits in lung function growth among children in Western countries. However, few studies have explored this association in developing countries, where PM levels are often sub ... Full text Cite

Association between changes in air pollution levels during the Beijing Olympics and biomarkers of inflammation and thrombosis in healthy young adults.

Journal Article JAMA · May 2012 ContextAir pollution is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVD), but the underlying biological mechanisms are not well understood.ObjectiveTo determine whether markers related to CVD pathophysiological pathways (biomarkers for sys ... Full text Cite

Suppression of the NF-κB pathway by diesel exhaust particles impairs human antimycobacterial immunity.

Journal Article Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950) · March 2012 Epidemiological studies suggest that chronic exposure to air pollution increases susceptibility to respiratory infections, including tuberculosis in humans. A possible link between particulate air pollutant exposure and antimycobacterial immunity has not b ... Full text Cite

Alteration of peripheral blood monocyte gene expression in humans following diesel exhaust inhalation.

Journal Article Inhalation toxicology · February 2012 ContextEpidemiologic associations between acutely increased cardiorespiratory morbidity and mortality and particulate air pollution are well established, but the effects of acute pollution exposure on human gene expression changes are not well und ... Full text Cite

Indoor air pollution and lung function growth among children in four Chinese cities.

Journal Article Indoor air · February 2012 UnlabelledAmbient air pollution has been associated with decreased growth in lung function among children; but little is known about the impact of indoor air pollution. We examined relationships between indoor air pollution metrics and lung functi ... Full text Cite

Indoor air pollution and lung function growth among children in four cities in China

Journal Article 12th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality and Climate 2011 · December 1, 2011 Cite

Outdoor air pollution and respiratory health in Asia.

Journal Article Respirology (Carlton, Vic.) · October 2011 With the rapid economic development occurring in the last decade in many countries of Asia, the level of air pollution has increased from both industrial and motor vehicle emissions. Compared with Europe and North America, the potential health effects of t ... Full text Cite

Personal and ambient exposures to air toxics in Camden, New Jersey.

Journal Article Research report (Health Effects Institute) · August 2011 Personal exposures and ambient concentrations of air toxics were characterized in a pollution "hot spot" and an urban reference site, both in Camden, New Jersey. The hot spot was the city's Waterfront South neighborhood; the reference site was a neighborho ... Cite

Environmental lessons from China: finding promising policies in unlikely places.

Journal Article Environmental health perspectives · July 2011 BackgroundAlongside the major health risks posed by environmental pollution in China are recent achievements on several environmental issues that have affluent Western nations racing to catch up. The country has propelled itself to a position of l ... Full text Cite

Sickness response symptoms among healthy volunteers after controlled exposures to diesel exhaust and psychological stress.

Journal Article Environmental health perspectives · July 2011 BackgroundInteractions between acute exposures to environmental chemical contaminants and psychological stress may be important in situations where they are likely to co-occur, ranging in intensity from daily urban living to participation in war. ... Full text Cite

Air pollution in China, with Junfeng (Jim) Zhang by Ashley Ahearn.

Journal Article Environmental health perspectives · June 2011 Air pollution in China, one of the world’s oldest civilizations, reflects a combination of traditional and modern-day factors. Severe air pollution in Chinese cities is the result of rapid industrialization, urbanization, and growth in vehicle use. At the ... Cite

Acute decreases in proteasome pathway activity after inhalation of fresh diesel exhaust or secondary organic aerosol.

Journal Article Environmental health perspectives · May 2011 BackgroundEpidemiologic studies consistently demonstrate an association between acute cardiopulmonary events and changes in air pollution; however, the mechanisms that underlie these associations are not completely understood. Oxidative stress and ... Full text Cite

Perchlorate exposure in lactating women in an urban community in New Jersey.

Journal Article The Science of the total environment · January 2011 Perchlorate is most widely known as a solid oxidant for missile and rocket propulsion systems although it is also present as a trace contaminant in some fertilizers. It has been detected in drinking water, fruits, and vegetables throughout New Jersey and m ... Full text Cite

Determining times to maximum urine excretion of 1-aminopyrene after diesel exhaust exposure.

Journal Article Journal of exposure science & environmental epidemiology · November 2010 Biomonitoring of exposures to toxins is an important tool for monitoring public health and safety. Using this tool, exposures are typically measured by the collection of biological specimens such as blood and urine samples. Urine sampling represents a more ... Full text Cite

Personal exposure to particulate PAHs and anthraquinone and oxidative DNA damages in humans.

Journal Article Chemosphere · November 2010 Recent studies suggest that DNA oxidative damage be related to the chemical constituents of ambient particles. The purpose of this study was to examine whether particulate polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and quinone-structure chemicals increase bod ... Full text Cite

Preliminary study of propyl bromide exposure among New Jersey dry cleaners as a result of a pending ban on perchloroethylene.

Journal Article Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association (1995) · September 2010 Many states are considering, and some states have actively pursued, banning the use of perchloroethylene (PERC) in dry cleaning establishments. Proposed legislation has led many dry cleaners to consider the use of products that contain greater than 90% n-p ... Full text Cite

Triggering of transmural infarctions, but not nontransmural infarctions, by ambient fine particles.

Journal Article Environmental health perspectives · September 2010 BackgroundPrevious studies have reported increased risk of myocardial infarction (MI) after increases in ambient particulate matter (PM) air pollution concentrations in the hours and days before MI onset.ObjectivesWe hypothesized that acu ... Full text Cite

Measurement of inflammation and oxidative stress following drastic changes in air pollution during the Beijing Olympics: a panel study approach.

Journal Article Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences · August 2010 Ambient air pollution has been linked to cardiovascular and respiratory morbidity and mortality in epidemiology studies. Frequently, oxidative and nitrosative stress are hypothesized to mediate these pollution effects, however precise mechanisms remain unc ... Full text Cite

Using charcoal as base material reduces mosquito coil emissions of toxins.

Journal Article Indoor air · April 2010 Mosquito coils are used to prevent mosquito exposures indoors by approximately 2 billion people worldwide. However, the smoldering of organic matters used as base materials of mosquito coils emits particulate and gaseous toxic compounds. A previous study i ... Full text Cite

Acute changes in heart rate variability in subjects with diabetes following a highway traffic exposure.

Journal Article Journal of occupational and environmental medicine · March 2010 ObjectiveTo pilot a protocol to evaluate acute cardiovascular effects in in-vehicle exposure to traffic air pollutants in people with diabetes.MethodsTwenty-one volunteers with type 2 diabetes were passengers on 90- to 110-minute car ride ... Full text Cite

Environmental health in China: progress towards clean air and safe water.

Journal Article Lancet (London, England) · March 2010 Environmental risk factors, especially air and water pollution, are a major source of morbidity and mortality in China. Biomass fuel and coal are burned for cooking and heating in almost all rural and many urban households, resulting in severe indoor air p ... Full text Cite

Residential air exchange rates in three major US metropolitan areas: results from the Relationship Among Indoor, Outdoor, and Personal Air Study 1999-2001.

Journal Article Indoor air · February 2010 UnlabelledWe report approximately 500 indoor-outdoor air exchange rate (AER) calculations based on measurements conducted in residences in three US metropolitan areas in 1999-2001: Elizabeth, New Jersey; Houston, Texas; and Los Angeles County, Cal ... Full text Cite

Comment on "Atmospheric particulate matter pollution during the 2008 Beijing Olympics".

Journal Article Environmental science & technology · October 2009 Full text Cite

PM2.5 constituents and oxidative DNA damage in humans.

Journal Article Environmental science & technology · July 2009 Previous studies suggested that certain constituents of ambient PM2.5 can induce or increase oxidative stress in biological systems. The present study is designed to examine whether exposure to traffic generated particles increases the burden of oxidative ... Full text Cite

Health effects of real-world exposure to diesel exhaust in persons with asthma.

Journal Article Research report (Health Effects Institute) · February 2009 Many people, including people with asthma, experience short-term exposure to diesel exhaust (DE*) during daily activities. The health effects of such exposures, however, remain poorly understood. The present study utilized a real-world setting to examine w ... Cite

Quantification of 1-aminopyrene in human urine after a controlled exposure to diesel exhaust.

Journal Article Journal of environmental monitoring : JEM · January 2009 Diesel exhaust (DE) is a significant source of air pollution that has been linked to respiratory and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Many components in DE, such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, are present in the environment from other sources. ... Full text Cite

Two Methods for Measurement of Acute Changes in Endothelial Function Following Diesel Exhaust Inhalation.

Conference AMERICAN JOURNAL OF RESPIRATORY AND CRITICAL CARE MEDICINE · January 1, 2009 Link to item Cite

Hazardous chemicals in synthetic turf materials and their bioaccessibility in digestive fluids.

Journal Article Journal of exposure science & environmental epidemiology · November 2008 Many synthetic turf fields consist of not only artificial grass but also rubber granules that are used as infill. The public concerns about toxic chemicals possibly contained in either artificial (polyethylene) grass fibers or rubber granules have been esc ... Full text Cite

Spatial variation of volatile organic compounds in a "Hot Spot" for air pollution.

Journal Article Atmospheric environment (Oxford, England : 1994) · October 2008 The spatial variations of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) were characterized in the Village of Waterfront South neighborhood (WFS), a "hot spot" for air toxics in Camden, NJ. This was accomplished by conducting "spatial saturation sampling" for 11 VOCs u ... Full text Cite

1-Hydroxypyrene concentrations in first morning voids and 24-h composite urine: intra- and inter-individual comparisons.

Journal Article Journal of exposure science & environmental epidemiology · September 2008 Urinary 1-hydroxypyrene (1-OHP) has been suggested as an exposure biomarker for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). However, it remains unknown whether a first morning urine sample can be used to reflect average exposure. In this paper, we examine int ... Full text Cite

Metabolism of 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) by human CYP1B1 genetic variants.

Journal Article Drug metabolism and disposition: the biological fate of chemicals · April 2008 Human cytochrome P450 1B1 (CYP1B1) plays a critical role in the metabolic activation of a variety of procarcinogens, including 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP). The existence of human CYP1B1 missense genetic variants has been demonstr ... Full text Cite

Development of a method for time-resolved measurement of airborne acrolein

Journal Article Atmospheric Environment · March 1, 2008 Over the past several years there has been an ever-increasing demand for method(s) that can reliably and simply measure environmental concentrations of airborne acrolein. There are several methods that appear to reliably measure acrolein. However, these me ... Full text Cite

Negative affect and chemical intolerance as risk factors for building-related symptoms: a controlled exposure study.

Journal Article Psychosomatic medicine · February 2008 ObjectiveTo assess whether differences in negative affect (NA) and chemical intolerance (CI) affect responses to chemical mixtures and stress in a controlled experimental model.MethodsParticipants were 130 nonsmoking, healthy women, recru ... Full text Cite

Sensory and cognitive effects of acute exposure to hydrogen sulfide.

Journal Article Environmental health perspectives · January 2008 BackgroundSome epidemiologic studies have reported compromised cognitive and sensory performance among individuals exposed to low concentrations of hydrogen sulfide (H2S).ObjectivesWe hypothesized a dose-response increase in symptom sever ... Full text Cite

Evaluation and comparison of continuous fine particulate matter monitors for measurement of ambient aerosols.

Journal Article Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association (1995) · December 2007 To provide a scientific basis for the selection and use of continuous monitors for exposure and/or health effects studies, and for compliance and episode measurements at strategic locations in the State of New Jersey, we evaluated the performance of seven ... Full text Cite

Respiratory effects of exposure to diesel traffic in persons with asthma.

Journal Article The New England journal of medicine · December 2007 BackgroundAir pollution from road traffic is a serious health hazard, and people with preexisting respiratory disease may be at increased risk. We investigated the effects of short-term exposure to diesel traffic in people with asthma in an urban, ... Full text Cite

How does infiltration behavior modify the composition of ambient PM2.5 in indoor spaces? An analysis of RIOPA data.

Journal Article Environmental science & technology · November 2007 The indoor environment is an important venue for exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) of ambient (outdoor) origin. In this work, paired indoor and outdoor PM2.5 species concentrations from three geographically distinct cities (Houston, TX, Los Angel ... Full text Cite

Relationships between personal, indoor, and outdoor exposures to trace elements in PM(2.5).

Journal Article The Science of the total environment · November 2007 Twenty-four hour average fine particle concentrations of 23 trace elements (TEs) were measured concurrently in (a) ambient air in three urban neighborhoods (Battle Creek-BCK; East St. Paul-ESP; and Phillips-PHI), (b) air inside residences of participants, ... Full text Cite

Comparison of the Revised Air Quality Index with the PSI and AQI indices.

Journal Article The Science of the total environment · September 2007 Air pollution indices are commonly used to indicate the level of severity of air pollution to the public. The Pollution Standards Index (PSI) was initially established in response to a dramatic increase in the number of people suffering respiratory irritat ... Full text Cite

Ozone-initiated chemistry in an occupied simulated aircraft cabin.

Journal Article Environmental science & technology · September 2007 We have used multiple analytical methods to characterize the gas-phase products formed when ozone was added to cabin air during simulated 4-hour flights that were conducted in a reconstructed section of a B-767 aircraft containing human occupants. Two sepa ... Full text Cite

Predicting personal exposure to airborne carbonyls using residential measurements and time/activity data

Journal Article Atmospheric Environment · August 1, 2007 As a part of the Relationships of Indoor, Outdoor, and Personal Air (RIOPA) study, 48 h integrated residential indoor, outdoor, and personal exposure concentrations of 10 carbonyls were simultaneously measured in 234 homes selected from three US cities usi ... Full text Cite

A functional group characterization of organic PM2.5 exposure: Results from the RIOPA study

Journal Article Atmospheric Environment · July 1, 2007 The functional group (FG) composition of urban residential outdoor, indoor, and personal fine particle (PM2.5) samples is presented and used to provide insights relevant to organic PM2.5 exposure. PM2.5 samples (48 h) were collected during the Relationship ... Full text Cite

Current state of the science: health effects and indoor environmental quality.

Journal Article Environmental health perspectives · June 2007 Our understanding of the relationship between human health and the indoor environment continues to evolve. Previous research on health and indoor environments has tended to concentrate on discrete pollutant sources and exposures and on specific disease pro ... Full text Cite

Household air pollution from coal and biomass fuels in China: measurements, health impacts, and interventions.

Journal Article Environmental health perspectives · June 2007 ObjectiveNearly all China's rural residents and a shrinking fraction of urban residents use solid fuels (biomass and coal) for household cooking and/or heating. Consequently, global meta-analyses of epidemiologic studies indicate that indoor air p ... Full text Cite

Probabilistic estimates of lifetime daily doses from consumption of drinking water containing trace levels of N,N-diethyl-meta-toluamide (DEET), triclosan, or acetaminophen and the associated risk to human health

Journal Article Human and Ecological Risk Assessment · May 1, 2007 Risk assessments were conducted for N,N-diethyl-meta-toluamide (DEET), triclosan, and acetaminophen to evaluate the risk from exposure to trace levels of these chemicals through drinking water consumption. We estimated exposure to these chemicals through d ... Full text Cite

Low acetaldehyde collection efficiencies for 24-hour sampling with 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine (DNPH)-coated solid sorbents.

Journal Article Environmental science & technology · January 2007 Airborne aldehyde and ketone (carbonyl) sampling methodologies based on derivatization with 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine (DNPH)-coated solid sorbents could unequivocally be considered the "gold" standard. Originally developed in the late 1970s, these methods ... Full text Cite

Use of passive samplers in the DEARS

Journal Article Air and Waste Management Association - Symposium on Air Quality Measurement: Methods and Technology 2006 · December 1, 2006 We have shown that passive samplers can be successfully used to collect a range of gas phase pollutants during 24-hr integrated sampling in the DEARS. Their ease of use and low participant burden have allowed for collection of a series of criteria pollutan ... Cite

Concentrations and source characteristics of airborne carbonyl compounds measured outside urban residences.

Journal Article Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association (1995) · August 2006 This paper presents the analysis of ambient air concentrations of 10 carbonyl compounds (aldehydes and ketones) measured in the yards of 87 residences in the city of Elizabeth, NJ, throughout 1999-2001. Most of these residences were measured twice in diffe ... Full text Cite

Fine organic particulate matter dominates indoor-generated PM2.5 in RIOPA homes.

Journal Article Journal of exposure science & environmental epidemiology · July 2006 Residential indoor and outdoor fine particle (PM(2.5)) organic (OC) and elemental carbon (EC) concentrations (48 h) were measured at 173 homes in Houston, TX, Los Angeles County, CA, and Elizabeth, NJ as part of the Relationship of Indoor, Outdoor and Pers ... Full text Cite

Source proximity and outdoor-residential VOC concentrations: results from the RIOPA study.

Journal Article Environmental science & technology · July 2006 Ambient volatile organic compound concentrations outside residences were measured in Elizabeth, New Jersey as part of the Relationship of Indoor, Outdoor, and Personal A:r (RIOPA) study to assess the influence of proximity of the residences to known ambien ... Full text Cite

Estimating contributions of indoor and outdoor sources to indoor carbonyl concentrations in three urban areas of the United States

Journal Article Atmospheric Environment · April 1, 2006 Exposure to carbonyls (aldehydes and ketones) can produce adverse health effects. It is known that various sources of carbonyls are often present inside residences but little is known about their indoor source strengths. In the present paper, we used a dat ... Full text Cite

Health effects of a mixture of indoor air volatile organics, their ozone oxidation products, and stress.

Journal Article Environmental health perspectives · November 2005 In our present study we tested the health effects among women of controlled exposures to volatile organic compounds (VOCs), with and without ozone (O3), and psychological stress. Each subject was exposed to the following three conditions at 1-week interval ... Full text Cite

Nasal effects of a mixture of volatile organic compounds and their ozone oxidation products.

Journal Article Journal of occupational and environmental medicine · November 2005 ObjectiveOur objective was to determine if low levels of a mixture of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and their ozone (O3) oxidation products, similar to what might be found in "sick buildings," cause nasal irritation and inflammation under cont ... Full text Cite

Relationships of Indoor, Outdoor, and Personal Air (RIOPA). Part I. Collection methods and descriptive analyses.

Journal Article Research report (Health Effects Institute) · November 2005 This study on the relationships of indoor, outdoor, and personal air (RIOPA) was undertaken to collect data for use in evaluating the contribution of outdoor sources of air toxics and particulate matter (PM) to personal exposure. The study was not designed ... Cite

Optimizing a dansylhydrazine (DNSH) based method for measuring airborne acrolein and other unsaturated carbonyls.

Journal Article Journal of environmental monitoring : JEM · October 2005 The Passive Aldehydes and Ketones Sampler (PAKS) method has been developed to measure airborne carbonyls (aldehydes and ketones) by derivatizing the carbonyls with dansylhydrazine (DNSH) on a solid sorbent. The method collection efficiencies are approximat ... Full text Cite

Co-formation of hydroperoxides and ultra-fine particles during the reactions of ozone with a complex VOC mixture under simulated indoor conditions

Journal Article Atmospheric Environment · September 1, 2005 In this study we examined the co-formation of hydrogen peroxide and other hydroperoxides (collectively presented as H2O2*) as well as submicron particles, including ultra-fine particles (UFP), resulting from the reactions of ozone (O3) with a complex mixtu ... Full text Cite

PM2.5 of ambient origin: estimates and exposure errors relevant to PM epidemiology.

Journal Article Environmental science & technology · July 2005 Epidemiological studies routinely use central-site particulate matter (PM) as a surrogate for exposure to PM of ambient (outdoor) origin. Below we quantify exposure errors that arise from variations in particle infiltration to aid evaluation of the use of ... Full text Cite

Lung cancer risk assessment of human exposure to PAHs by urinary 1-hydroxypyrene

Journal Article Zhongguo Huanjing Kexue/China Environmental Science · June 1, 2005 1-hydroxypyrene (1-OH-Py) is often taken as a biomarker of human exposure to PAHs, but so far it hasn't been used to PAHs related cancer risk assessment. In this study, 100 non-smoking adults were selected as volunteer subjects. The 24 h personal air sampl ... Cite

Relationship of Indoor, Outdoor and Personal Air (RIOPA) study: study design, methods and quality assurance/control results.

Journal Article Journal of exposure analysis and environmental epidemiology · March 2005 The Relationship of Indoor, Outdoor and Personal Air (RIOPA) Study was undertaken to evaluate the contribution of outdoor sources of air toxics, as defined in the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments, to indoor concentrations and personal exposures. The concentra ... Full text Cite

Functional group characterization of indoor, outdoor, and personal PM: results from RIOPA.

Journal Article Indoor air · February 2005 UnlabelledFourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra of outdoor, indoor, and personal fine particulate matter (PM(2.5)) samples were collected during the Relationship of Indoor, Outdoor, and Personal Air (RIOPA) study. FTIR spectroscopy provides fu ... Full text Cite

Chlorpyrifos accumulation patterns for child-accessible surfaces and objects and urinary metabolite excretion by children for 2 weeks after crack-and-crevice application.

Journal Article Environmental health perspectives · February 2005 The Children's Post-Pesticide Application Exposure Study (CPPAES) was conducted to look at the distribution of chlorpyrifos within a home environment for 2 weeks after a routine professional crack-and-crevice application and to determine the amount of the ... Full text Cite

Influence of ambient (outdoor) sources on residential indoor and personal PM2.5 concentrations: analyses of RIOPA data.

Journal Article Journal of exposure analysis and environmental epidemiology · January 2005 The Relationship of Indoor, Outdoor and Personal Air (RIOPA) study was designed to investigate residential indoor, outdoor and personal exposures to several classes of air pollutants, including volatile organic compounds, carbonyls and fine particles (PM2. ... Full text Cite

Long-term changes in air pollution and health implications in four Chinese cities

Journal Article Energy for Sustainable Development · January 1, 2005 The rapid increase in energy consumption resulting from rapid economic growth in the past decade or so has produced high stress on China's urban air quality. A variety of approaches (e.g., the nationwide Blue Sky Program) directly or indirectly related to ... Full text Cite

Emissions of air pollutants from household stoves: honeycomb coal versus coal cake.

Journal Article Environmental science & technology · September 2004 Domestic coal combustion can emit various air pollutants. In the present study, we measured emissions of particulate matter (PM) and gaseous pollutants from burning a specially formulated honeycomb coal (H-coal) and a coal cake (C-coal). Flue gas samples f ... Full text Cite

Using air pollution based community clusters to explore air pollution health effects in children.

Journal Article Environment international · July 2004 To study respiratory health effects of long-term exposure to ambient air pollutant mixture, we observed 7058 school children 5-16 years of age living in the four Chinese cities of Lanzhou, Chongqing, Wuhan, and Guangzhou. These children were enrolled from ... Full text Cite

Factor analysis of household factors: are they associated with respiratory conditions in Chinese children?

Journal Article International journal of epidemiology · June 2004 BackgroundWe explored methods to develop uncorrelated variables for epidemiological analysis models. They were used to examine associations between respiratory health outcomes and multiple household risk factors.MethodsWe analysed data co ... Full text Cite

Chlordanes in the indoor and outdoor air of three U.S. cities.

Journal Article Environmental science & technology · May 2004 Indoor and outdoor concentrations of six chlordane components (trans-chlordane, cis-chlordane, trans-nonachlor, cis-nonachlor, oxychlordane, and MC5) were measured at 157 residences, all of which were inhabited by nonsmoking individuals, in three urban are ... Full text Cite

Air concentrations of VOCs in portable and traditional classrooms: results of a pilot study in Los Angeles County.

Journal Article Journal of exposure analysis and environmental epidemiology · January 2004 Recent state and federal public school class-size reduction initiatives, increased elementary and pre-K enrollment driven by population growth and immigration, and limited resources for capital projects, modernization, and maintenance at aging schools have ... Full text Cite

Exposure-response relationships between lifetime exposure to residential coal smoke and respiratory symptoms and illnesses in Chinese children.

Journal Article Journal of exposure analysis and environmental epidemiology · January 2004 Data collected in a large epidemiologic study were analyzed to examine respiratory health effects of residential coal use in 7058 school children living in the four Chinese cities of Chongqing, Guangzhou, Lanzhou, and Wuhan. A Scenario Evaluation Approach ... Full text Cite

Implications of changes in household stoves and fuel use in China

Journal Article Energy Policy · January 1, 2004 In recent decades China has pursued a number of national energy policies as integral components of its 5-year development plans including the unprecedented dissemination of several generations of fuel saving stoves in the majority of its rural populations. ... Full text Cite

Selective detection of monohydroxy metabolites of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in urine using liquid chromatography/triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometry.

Journal Article Rapid communications in mass spectrometry : RCM · January 2004 Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are ubiquitously present in the environment and associated with a variety of adverse health effects. Monohydroxylated PAHs (OH-PAHs), metabolites of PAHs, have been employed as biomarkers for human exposure assessmen ... Full text Cite

Mosquito coil emissions and health implications.

Journal Article Environmental health perspectives · September 2003 Burning mosquito coils indoors generates smoke that can control mosquitoes effectively. This practice is currently used in numerous households in Asia, Africa, and South America. However, the smoke may contain pollutants of health concern. We conducted the ... Full text Cite

Characterization of non-methane hydrocarbons emitted from various cookstoves used in China.

Journal Article Environmental science & technology · July 2003 Emission contributions from cookstoves to indoor, regional, and global air pollution largely depend on stove and fuel types. This paper presents a database on emission factors of speciated non-methane hydrocarbons (NMHCs) for 16 fuel/stove combinations bur ... Full text Cite

Field evaluation and comparison of five methods of sampling lead dust on carpets.

Journal Article AIHA journal : a journal for the science of occupational and environmental health and safety · July 2003 Five methods of sampling lead-contaminated dust on carpets were evaluated and compared in 33 New Jersey homes of children with elevated blood lead levels. The five sampling methods were (1) wipe, (2) adhesive label, (3) C18 sheet, (4) vacuum, and (5) hand ... Full text Cite

Ozone-initiated reactions with mixtures of volatile organic compounds under simulated indoor conditions.

Journal Article Environmental science & technology · May 2003 This study examines the primary and secondary products resulting from reactions initiated by adding ozone to complex mixtures of volatile organic compounds (VOC). The mixtures were representative of organic species typically found indoors, but the concentr ... Full text Cite

Effects of garage employment and tobacco smoking on breathing-zone concentrations of carbonyl compounds.

Journal Article AIHA journal : a journal for the science of occupational and environmental health and safety · May 2003 Exposure to carbonyl compounds may cause adverse health effects. The present study examined whether working in a garage and smoking can significantly affect personal "daily" exposure to a number of important carbonyl compounds. The study was carried out on ... Full text Cite

Effects of garage employment and tobacco smoking on breathing-zone concentrations of carbonyl compounds

Journal Article American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal · 2003 Exposure to carbonyl compounds may cause adverse health effects. The present study examined whether working in a garage and smoking can significantly affect personal "daily" exposure to a number of important carbonyl compounds. The study was carried out on ... Full text Cite

Field evaluation and comparison of five methods of sampling lead dust on carpets

Journal Article American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal · 2003 Five methods of sampling lead-contaminated dust on carpets were evaluated and compared in 33 New Jersey homes of children with elevated blood lead levels. The five sampling methods were (1) wipe, (2) adhesive label, (3) C18 sheet, (4) vacuum, and (5) hand ... Full text Cite

Indoor air pollution: a global health concern.

Journal Article British medical bulletin · January 2003 Indoor air pollution is ubiquitous, and takes many forms, ranging from smoke emitted from solid fuel combustion, especially in households in developing countries, to complex mixtures of volatile and semi-volatile organic compounds present in modern buildin ... Full text Cite

Models to predict emissions of health-damaging pollutants and global warming contributions of residential fuel/stove combinations in China.

Journal Article Chemosphere · January 2003 Residential energy use in developing countries has traditionally been associated with combustion devices of poor energy efficiency, which have been shown to produce substantial health-damaging pollution, contributing significantly to the global burden of d ... Full text Cite

Chapter two: methodologies for characterisation of combustion sources and for quantification of their emissions.

Journal Article Chemosphere · December 2002 Emissions from the combustion of biomass and fossil fuels result in generation of a large number of particle and gaseous products in outdoor and/or indoor air, which create health and environmental risks. Of particular importance are the very small particl ... Full text Cite

Combustion sources of particles. 1. Health relevance and source signatures.

Journal Article Chemosphere · December 2002 Combustion processes result in generation of a large number of particle and gaseous products that create health and environmental risks. Of particular importance are the very small particles that are emitted in large quantities from all the combustion sour ... Full text Cite

Combustion sources of particles: 2. Emission factors and measurement methods.

Journal Article Chemosphere · December 2002 Emissions from the combustion of biomass and fossil fuels are a significant source of particulate matter (PM) in ambient outdoor and/or indoor air. It is important to quantify PM emissions from combustion sources for regulatory and control purposes in rela ... Full text Cite

Comparison of techniques to reduce residential lead dust on carpet and upholstery: the new jersey assessment of cleaning techniques trial.

Journal Article Environmental health perspectives · December 2002 High-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filtered vacuum cleaners are recommended by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development for cleaning lead-contaminated house dust. We performed a randomized field study to determine whether a conventional (no ... Full text Cite

Children's respiratory morbidity prevalence in relation to air pollution in four Chinese cities.

Journal Article Environmental health perspectives · September 2002 We examined respiratory health effects of long-term exposure to ambient air pollution in 7,621 schoolchildren residing in eight districts of four Chinese cities. The four cities exhibited wide between-city and within-city gradients in ambient levels of fou ... Full text Cite

Comparison of home lead dust reduction techniques on hard surfaces: the New Jersey assessment of cleaning techniques trial.

Journal Article Environmental health perspectives · September 2002 High efficiency particulate air filter (HEPA) vacuums, which collect particles > 0.3 micro m, and trisodium phosphate (TSP), a detergent claimed to selectively remove lead, have been included in the HUD Guidelines for the Evaluation and Control of Lead Bas ... Full text Cite

Human exposure assessment in air pollution systems.

Journal Article TheScientificWorldJournal · February 2002 The air pollution problem can be depicted as a system consisting of several basic components: source, concentration, exposure, dose, and adverse effects. Exposure, the contact between an agent (e.g., an air pollutant) and a target (e.g., a human respirator ... Full text Cite

Emissions of greenhouse gases and other airborne pollutants from charcoal making in Kenya and Brazil

Journal Article Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres · October 27, 2001 Airborne emissions from charcoal-making kilns commonly used in Kenya and Brazil were measured during typical operating conditions. Emission factors were determined for carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), carbon monoxide (CO), total no ... Full text Cite

Long-term ambient air pollution levels in four Chinese cities: inter-city and intra-city concentration gradients for epidemiological studies.

Journal Article Journal of exposure analysis and environmental epidemiology · September 2001 The field data collection of an air pollution epidemiologic study was carried out from 1993 to 1996 in four Chinese cities of Lanzhou, Chongqing, Wuhan, and Guangzhou. In each city, an urban district and a suburban district were selected. Ambient concentra ... Full text Cite

Effects of surface type and relative humidity on the production and concentration of nitrous acid in a model indoor environment.

Journal Article Environmental science & technology · June 2001 A nested chamber design was constructed for the purpose of studying parameters that affect indoor air chemistry. Experiments were conducted in this system to investigate the effects of three surface types (Teflon, wallpaper, and carpet) and two levels of r ... Full text Cite

Boiler Briquette Coal versus Raw Coal: Part I-Stack Gas Emissions.

Journal Article Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association (1995) · April 2001 Stack gas emissions were characterized for a steam-generating boiler commonly used in China. The boiler was tested when fired with a newly formulated boiler briquette coal (BB-coal) and when fired with conventional raw coal (R-coal). The stack gas emission ... Full text Cite

Boiler Briquette Coal versus Raw Coal: Part II-Energy, Greenhouse Gas, and Air Quality Implications.

Journal Article Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association (1995) · April 2001 The objective of this paper is to conduct an integrated analysis of the energy, greenhouse gas, and air quality impacts of a new type of boiler briquette coal (BB-coal) in contrast to those of the raw coal from which the BB-coal was formulated (R-coal). Th ... Full text Cite

Boiler briquette coal versus raw coal: Part I--Stack gas emissions.

Journal Article Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association (1995) · April 2001 Stack gas emissions were characterized for a steam-generating boiler commonly used in China. The boiler was tested when fired with a newly formulated boiler briquette coal (BB-coal) and when fired with conventional raw coal (R-coal). The stack gas emission ... Full text Cite

Characterization of emissions from portable household combustion devices: Particle size distributions, emission rates and factors, and potential exposures

Journal Article Atmospheric Environment · February 6, 2001 A series of source tests were conducted to characterize emissions of particulate matter (PM), carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), and total hydrocarbon (THC ) from five types of portable combustion devices. Tested combustion devices ... Full text Cite

The MMT bag for emission source sampling: design and evaluation.

Journal Article Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association (1995) · January 2001 This paper presents the design and evaluation results for a metal-coated multilayer Tedlar (MMT) bag that was developed for the collection of source emissions. The applicability of the MMT bag was evaluated for a number of important greenhouse relevant gas ... Full text Cite

Greenhouse implications of household stoves: An analysis for India

Journal Article Annual Review of Energy and the Environment · December 1, 2000 It is commonly assumed that biomass fuel cycles based on renewable harvesting of wood or agricultural wastes are greenhouse-gas (GHG) neutral because the combusted carbon in the form of CO2 is soon taken up by regrowing vegetation. Thus, the two fifths or ... Full text Cite

Ozone and limonene in indoor air: a source of submicron particle exposure.

Journal Article Environmental health perspectives · December 2000 Little information currently exists regarding the occurrence of secondary organic aerosol formation in indoor air. Smog chamber studies have demonstrated that high aerosol yields result from the reaction of ozone with terpenes, both of which commonly occur ... Full text Cite

Greenhouse gases and other airborne pollutants from household stoves in China: A database for emission factors

Journal Article Atmospheric Environment · August 2, 2000 Emissions from household stoves, especially those using solid fuels, can contribute significantly to greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories and have adverse health impacts. Few data are available on emissions from the numerous types of cookstoves used in develop ... Full text Cite

Effects of air pollution on children's respiratory health in three Chinese cities.

Journal Article Archives of environmental health · March 2000 During the winter of 1988-1989, parents of 2,789 elementary-school students completed standardized questionnaires. The students were 5-14 y of age and were from three urban districts and one suburban district of three large Chinese cities. The 4-y average ... Full text Cite

Ambient concentrations and elemental compositions of PM10 and PM2.5 in four Chinese cities

Journal Article Environmental Science and Technology · December 1, 1999 Three size fractions of particulate matter (PM), i.e., fine particles (PM2.5), coarse particles (PM2.5-10), and PM10, were measured at the school yards of eight elementary schools in four large Chinese cities during 1995 and 1996. These schools, one locate ... Full text Cite

Effects of air pollution on respiratory health of adults in three Chinese cities.

Journal Article Archives of environmental health · November 1999 The authors examined potential associations between air-pollution exposures and respiratory symptoms and illnesses of 4,108 adults who resided in 4 districts of 3 large, distinct Chinese cities. Data on respiratory health outcomes and relevant risk factors ... Full text Cite

Emissions of carbonyl compounds from various cookstoves in China

Journal Article Environmental Science and Technology · July 15, 1999 This paper presents a new database of carbonyl emission factors for commonly used cookstoves in China. The emission factors, reported both on a fuel-mass basis (mg/kg) and on a defined cooking-task basis (mg/task), were determined using a carbon balance ap ... Full text Cite

High lead exposures resulting from pottery production in a village in Michoacán State, Mexico.

Journal Article Journal of exposure analysis and environmental epidemiology · July 1999 This paper reports findings from a screening study conducted to examine potential lead (Pb) exposures in residents of a Mexican village where Pb oxide continues to be used in ceramic pottery production. Extremely high Pb concentrations were measured in per ... Full text Cite

Typical household vacuum cleaners: the collection efficiency and emissions characteristics for fine particles.

Journal Article Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association (1995) · February 1999 The issue of fine particle (PM2.5) exposures and their potential health effects is a focus of scientific research because of the recently promulgated National Ambient Air Quality Standard for PM2.5. Before final implementation, the health and exposure basi ... Full text Cite

Carbon monoxide from cookstoves in developing countries: 1. Emission factors

Journal Article Chemosphere - Global Change Science · January 1, 1999 Cookstoves in developing countries are individually small, but so numerous that, depending on emission factors, they could be significant influences on global and regional carbon monoxide (CO) inventories. This paper presents a new database of CO emission ... Full text Cite

Carbon monoxide from cookstoves in developing countries: 2. Exposure potentials

Journal Article Chemosphere - Global Change Science · January 1, 1999 In this paper, we estimate carbon monoxide (CO) concentrations and exposures in a well-mixed, hypothetical village kitchen using measured CO emission factors and published typical values for house, fuel, and activity parameters. The estimate was made to co ... Full text Cite

Hydrocarbon emissions and health risks from cookstoves in developing countries.

Journal Article Journal of exposure analysis and environmental epidemiology · April 1996 The nonmethane hydrocarbon emissions from several types of cookstoves commonly used in developing countries were measured in a pilot study conducted in Manila, the Philippines. Four types of fuel, i.e., wood, charcoal, kerosene, and liquefied petroleum gas ... Cite

Indoor air chemistry: formation of organic acids and aldehydes.

Journal Article Environmental science & technology · October 1994 Full text Cite

Sources of organic acids in indoor air: a field study.

Journal Article Journal of exposure analysis and environmental epidemiology · January 1994 Simultaneous indoor and outdoor measurements of organic acids were made at six residential houses located in a suburban New Jersey area during the summer of 1992. Each house was measured for six days and controlled for ventilation and gas combustion condit ... Cite